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Laura E Downie, Cecilia Naranjo Golborne, Merry Chen, Ngoc Ho, Cam Hoac, Dasun Liyanapathirana, Carol Luo, Ruo Bing Wu, Holly R Chinnery
Our aim was to compare regeneration of the sub-basal nerve plexus (SBNP) and superficial nerve terminals (SNT) following corneal epithelial injury. We also sought to compare agreement when quantifying nerve parameters using different image-analysis techniques. Anesthetized, female C57BL/6 mice received central 1-mm corneal epithelial abrasions. Four-weeks post-injury, eyes were enucleated and processed for PGP9.5 to visualize the corneal nerves using wholemount immunofluorescence staining and confocal microscopy...
March 14, 2018: Experimental Eye Research
Peter Bond, David B Parkinson
The use of electron microscopy allows analysis of the microarchitecture of peripheral nerves both during development and in the processes of nerve regeneration and repair.We describe a novel method for the rapid analysis and quantification of myelin in peripheral nerve using a low vacuum scanning electron microscopy protocol. For this methodology, excised nerves are prepared for traditional transmission electron microscopy (TEM) imaging, but at the stage where semi-thin sections would be taken, the resin block is instead imaged at low vacuum in the scanning electron microscope (SEM) using the backscattered electron signal...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Michelangelo Nigro, Davide Viggiano, Vincenzo Ragone, Tiziana Trabace, Annamaria di Palma, Michele Rossini, Giovambattista Capasso, Loreto Gesualdo, Giuseppe Gigliotti
BACKGROUND: The classical approach to the analysis of kidney biopsies is based on semi-quantitative scores of the amount of sclerosis, inflammatory infiltrate, fibrosis and vascular damage. However, advanced renal lesions may be accompanied by a paucity of clinical features and, conversely, important clinical abnormalities may be accompanied by minimal histopathological changes. The objective of this study is to correlate new, semiautomatic, quantitative features of kidney biopsies (e...
March 14, 2018: BMC Nephrology
Samuel J Yang, Marc Berndl, D Michael Ando, Mariya Barch, Arunachalam Narayanaswamy, Eric Christiansen, Stephan Hoyer, Chris Roat, Jane Hung, Curtis T Rueden, Asim Shankar, Steven Finkbeiner, Philip Nelson
BACKGROUND: Large image datasets acquired on automated microscopes typically have some fraction of low quality, out-of-focus images, despite the use of hardware autofocus systems. Identification of these images using automated image analysis with high accuracy is important for obtaining a clean, unbiased image dataset. Complicating this task is the fact that image focus quality is only well-defined in foreground regions of images, and as a result, most previous approaches only enable a computation of the relative difference in quality between two or more images, rather than an absolute measure of quality...
March 15, 2018: BMC Bioinformatics
Pierre Nouhaud, François Mallard, Rodolphe Poupardin, Neda Barghi, Christian Schlötterer
Fecundity is probably the most frequently studied fitness component in Drosophila. Nevertheless, currently used methods to measure fecundity are not well-suited for large-scale experiments, with many populations being assayed in parallel. Here we present a standardized pipeline to measure fecundity in many Drosophila population samples with substantially reduced hand on times. Using a high-contrast medium for egg laying, we developed a Java plug-in for ImageJ to quantify the number of eggs by image processing...
March 13, 2018: Scientific Reports
Sugela Blancas, Rogelio Medina-Berlanga, Liliana Ortíz-García, Alfredo Loredo-Ramírez, Leticia Santos
Specific markers in lesions of the human uterine cervix cancer (UCC) are still needed for prognostic, diagnostic and/or therapeutic purposes. In this study we evaluated key molecules at protein level between normal epithelium, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN1-3) and invasive cancer of a group of molecules previously reported at mRNA level. For that purpose, human formalin-fixed paraffin embedded tissue microarrays (TMAs) were constructed containing 205 Mexican tissue core specimens. Immunohistochemistry and quantitative analysis of histological staining was performed against twenty-two distinct proteins for each core and the processing platform ImageJ...
March 12, 2018: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
Hopker Luisa Moreira, Neves Juliana de Carvalho, Nascimento Daiane Jaqueline, Campos Eliene Dutra, Mendonça Tomas Scalamandre, Zanoteli Edmar, Allemann Norma
To determine the changes in the cross-sectional area (CSA) of myofibers and their subtype distribution based on the myosin isoform expression after bupivacaine (BUP) injection in the EOM of rabbits and help the understanding of strabismus correction after BUP injection in the clinical practice. A total of 32 rabbits received 0.3 mL of 1.5% BUP in the superior rectus muscle (SR) of the right eye (OD) and were sacrificed at days 7, 28, 60, and 92. Additional eight untouched rabbits were included as controls...
March 9, 2018: Experimental Eye Research
Aernoud A van Batenburg, Karin M Kazemier, Ton Peeters, Matthijs F M van Oosterhout, Joanne J van der Vis, Jan C Grutters, Roel Goldschmeding, Coline H M van Moorsel
Telomeres are small repetitive DNA sequences at the ends of chromosomes which act as a buffer in age-dependent DNA shortening. Insufficient telomere repeats will be recognized as double-strand breaks. Presently, it is becoming more evident that telomere attrition, whether or not caused by mutations in telomere maintenance genes, plays an important role in many inflammatory and age-associated diseases. In this report, a method to (semi)quantitatively assess telomere length and DNA double-strand breaks in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue is described...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry: Official Journal of the Histochemistry Society
Emma B Garrison, Jonathan Dropkin, Rebecca Russell, Paul Jenkins
Agricultural workers perform tasks that frequently require awkward and extreme postures that are associated with musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). The PATH (Posture, Activity, Tools, Handling) system currently provides a sound methodology for quantifying workers' exposure to these awkward postures on an ordinal scale of measurement, which places restrictions on the choice of analytic methods. This study reports a modification of the PATH methodology that instead captures these postures as degrees of flexion, an interval-scaled measurement...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
Akash Patel, Zhongzhi Li, Philip Canete, Hans Strobl, Jennifer Dulin, Ken Kadoya, Dan Gibbs, Gunnar H D Poplawski
BACKGROUND: Quantification of axon regeneration in spinal cord tissue sections is a fundamental step to adequately determine if an applied treatment leads to an anatomical benefit following spinal cord injury. Recent advances have led to the development of therapies that can promote regeneration of thousands of injured axons in vivo. Axon labeling methods and in the application of regeneration-enabling stem cell grafts have increased the number of detectable regenerating axons by orders of magnitudes...
March 9, 2018: BMC Neuroscience
Hao Yin, Guang Han, Qiang Li, Xuejun He, Congyang Wang
OBJECTIVE: This research aimed to gain a better understanding of the relationship between cervical posterior open-door laminoplasty on axial symptoms, the net cross-sectional area of paraspinal muscles, and the degree of pimelosis. METHOD: A retrospective study was conducted on a consecutive series of 37 patients who had underwent cervical posterior open-door laminoplasty + lateral mass fixation and bone graft fusion between January 2015 and July 2015. All patients received postoperative examinations at 6 months and 18 months after the operation...
March 9, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
Gabriel Gallo-Oller, Raquel Ordoñez-Ciriza, Javier Dotor
Since its first description, Western blot has been widely used in molecular labs. It constitutes a multistep method that allows the detection and/or quantification of proteins from simple to complex protein mixtures. Western blot quantification method constitutes a critical step in order to obtain accurate and reproducible results. Due to the technical knowledge required for densitometry analysis together with the resources availability, standard office scanners are often used for the imaging acquisition of developed Western blot films...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Immunological Methods
Azam Qureshi, Haoxing Chen, Osamah Saeedi, Mona A Kaleem, Gianna Stoleru, Jordan Margo, Sachin Kalarn, Janet L Alexander
PURPOSE: In this novel study, we demonstrate a standardized imaging and measurement protocol of anterior segment (AS) structures with reliability analysis using ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) and ImageJ software. METHODS: Ten pediatric and young adult patients undergoing examination under anesthesia for AS pathology were imaged using UBM. Four trained observers analyzed 20 images using ImageJ. Forty-five structural parameters were measured. Those that relied on the trabecular-iris angle (TIA) as a reference landmark were labeled TIA-dependent (TD) and all others were labeled non-TIA dependent (NTD)...
March 7, 2018: International Ophthalmology
Brett S Pexa, Eric D Ryan, Joseph B Myers
BACKGROUND: Previous research indicates that the amount of valgus torque placed on the elbow joint during overhead throwing is higher than the medial ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) can tolerate. Wrist and finger flexor muscle activity is hypothesized to make up for this difference, and in vitro studies that simulated activity of upper extremity musculature, specifically the flexor digitorum superficialis and flexor carpi ulnaris, support this hypothesis. PURPOSE: To assess the medial elbow joint space at rest, under valgus stress, and under valgus stress with finger and forearm flexor contraction by use of ultrasonography in vivo...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Alexandra Miere, Hassiba Oubraham, Francesca Amoroso, Pauline Butori, Polina Astroz, Oudy Semoun, Elsa Bruyere, Alexandre Pedinielli, Manar Addou-Regnard, Camille Jung, Salomon Y Cohen, Eric H Souied
Purpose: To compare the qualitative and quantitative choroidal neovascularization (CNV) changes after antivascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) therapy in treatment-naïve and treated eyes with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). Methods: Consecutive patients with neovascular AMD underwent multimodal imaging, including OCTA (AngioPlex, CIRRUS HD-OCT model 5000; Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc., Dublin, OH) at baseline and at three monthly follow-up visits...
2018: Journal of Ophthalmology
Piotr Foltynski
INTRODUCTION: Wound surface area measurement is important as therapeutic decisions may depend on the change of wound surface area over time. Digital planimetry is a popular technique in wound area measurement. It is accurate and repeatable when calibration is performed with 2 rulers placed at opposite sides of a wound. The aim of the current study was improving accuracy and precision of wound area measurement using capabilities of smart devices. METHODS: The correction of area measurement based on calculated camera tilt angle and the calculation of calibration coefficient of linear dimensions as weighted average were proposed...
2018: PloS One
Meghan R McKinnon, Ellie K Simpson, Maciej Henneberg
Previous studies have used longitudinal samples to investigate growth of the skeletal aspects of the face, although far less has been done on facial soft tissue. This study uses a larger sample than previous studies on the same data (Denver and Fels growth series) to explore covariation of bony and soft facial dimensions comprehensively from childhood to adulthood. A total of 1036 lateral cephalometric radiographs were digitized from 60 individuals, and distances between facial landmarks were measured using ImageJ...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
John Ashley Hayes, Eirini Papagiakoumou, Pierre-Louis Ruffault, Valentina Emiliani, Gilles Fortin
Improved integration between imaging and electrophysiological data has become increasingly critical for rapid interpretation and intervention as approaches have advanced in recent years. Here, we present, PhysImage, a fork of the popular public-domain ImageJ, that provides a platform for working with these disparate sources of data, and we illustrate its utility using in vitro preparations from murine embryonic and neonatal tissue. PhysImage expands ImageJ's core features beyond an imaging program by facilitating integration, analyses, and display of 2D waveform data, among other new features...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Neurophysiology
Venkateshbabu Nagendrababu, Omer Sheriff Sultan, Sreedharan Kannathasan, Amir Shahreza Patel, Ebenezer Chitra, Prasanna Neelakantan, Fabian Davamani
Objectives: To determine the effect of root canal irrigants on the hydrophobicity and adherence of Staphylococcus epidermidis ( S. epidermidis ) to root canal dentin in vitro . Materials and Methods: Root dentin blocks ( n = 60) were randomly divided into 4 groups based on the irrigation regimen: group 1, saline; group 2, 5.25% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl); group 3, 5.25% NaOCl followed by 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA); group 4, same as group 3 followed by 2% chlorhexidine (CHX)...
February 2018: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
Y Han, Y H Bai, X M Hou
OBJECTIVE: To compare the shaping ability of ProGlider, HyFlex EDM Glidepath File and RaCe ISO 10 with that of PathFile and stainless steel K-file hand instruments in simulated root canals. METHODS: A total of 60 simulated resin blocks were divided randomly into five groups (n=12), each group prepared with each instrument, respectively. Preparation time was recorded. Pre- and post-operative images were obtained using a scanner and superimposed using Photoshop. The material removal from the inner and outer canal walls beginning from 0 mm at the end point of the canal were measured using ImageJ...
February 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
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