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Geriatric Behavioral Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776904/association-of-care-recipients-care-need-level-with-family-caregiver-participation-in-health-check-ups-in-japan
#1
Takehiro Sugiyama, Nanako Tamiya, Taeko Watanabe, Tomoko Wakui, Taiga Shibayama, Yoko Moriyama, Yui Yamaoka, Haruko Noguchi
AIM: The public mandatory long-term care insurance system in Japan has supposedly mitigated the care burden for family caregivers of older adults, whereas family caregivers still play a considerable role in providing care. The effect of informal caregiving on the caregiver's health has been of great interest. We investigated the relationship between the amplitude of informal caregiving and caregiver participation in health check-ups in Japan. METHODS: The present study was a cross-sectional analysis of nationally representative data in Japan (2010 Comprehensive Survey of Living Conditions)...
August 4, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740371/influence-of-environmental-factors-on-food-intake-among-nursing-home-residents-a-survey-combined-with-a-video-approach
#2
Fanny Buckinx, Jean-Yves Reginster, Alison Morelle, Nicolas Paquot, Nicole Labeye, Médéa Locquet, Stéphane Adam, Olivier Bruyère
BACKGROUND: In addition to the well-known physiological factors, dietary behavior that affects health seems to be influenced by a wide variety of environmental factors. The aim of this study was to assess, by means of an original video approach, the influence of the environment on food intake in nursing homes. METHODS: The perception of the environment during meals in nursing homes was evaluated by residents and by two groups of volunteers who either work in the field of geriatrics, or who do not work in the field of geriatrics...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699483/physical-disability-and-diabetes-mellitus-qualitative-exploration-of-patients-perception-and-behavior
#3
Syed Wasif Gillani, Syed Azhar Syed Sulaiman, Mohi Iqbal Mohammad Abdul, Sherif Yahya Saad
BACKGROUND: Disability is a key indicator implicating both overall morbidity and success of public health efforts to compress the period of morbidity among geriatrics for the overall population. Disabilities are more prevalent among diabetics than among those without diabetes. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine self-monitoring practices, awareness to dietary modifications and barriers to medication adherence among physically disabled type 2 diabetes mellitus patients...
July 10, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675613/activity-behavior-nutritional-status-and-perceived-health-in-older-brazilian-adults-does-the-number-of-chronic-diseases-matter
#4
Emerson Sebastião, Patricia Andrea Espinoza Galvez, Priscila Missaki Nakamura, Camila Bosquiero Papini, Eduardo Kokubun, Sebastião Gobbi
AIM: The present study examined activity behavior, nutritional status and perceived health in relation to the number of chronic diseases (ChrD) in a representative sample of Brazilians aged ≥60 years. METHODS: A cross-sectional, population-based study was carried out in a midsize Brazilian city to evaluate different health risk factors. Using a stratified random sampling procedure to select a representative sample of adults, this study interviewed 1572 individuals face-to-face...
July 4, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653132/food-insecurity-and-aging-outcomes-in-older-adults-living-with-hiv
#5
Nancy A Hessol, Roland Zepf, Elizabeth Zobell, Sheri D Weiser, Malcolm D John
Little is known about food insecurity and its association with geriatric outcomes in older people living with HIV (PLWH). This was a cross-sectional study of 230 HIV-infected patients aged 50 and older recruited in December 2012 through June 2016. Poisson logistic regression models estimated the prevalence ratio (PR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the association between food insecurity and the following geriatric outcomes: frailty, physical health and function, social support, mental health and cognition, and behavioral health...
June 26, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638566/necessity-is-the-mother-of-invention-an-innovative-hospitalist-resident-initiative-for-improving-quality-and-reducing-readmissions-from-skilled-nursing-facilities
#6
Sunny Petigara, Mahesh Krishnamurthy, David Livert
Background: Hospital readmissions have been a major challenge to the US health system. Medicare data shows that approximately 25% of Medicare skilled nursing facility (SNF) residents are readmitted back to the hospital within 30 days. Some of the major reasons for high readmission rates include fragmented information exchange during transitions of care and limited access to physicians round-the-clock in SNFs. These represent safety, quality, and health outcome concerns. Aim: The goal of the project was to reduce hospital readmission rates from SNFs by improving transition of care and increasing physician availability in SNFs (five to seven days a week physical presence with 24/7 accessibility by phone)...
March 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622606/dementia-correlates-with-anticoagulation-underuse-in-older-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#7
Giovanni Viscogliosi, Evaristo Ettorre, Iulia Maria Chiriac
OBJECTIVES: Stroke prevention in older atrial fibrillation (AF) patients remains a challenge. This study aimed to investigate whether a dementia diagnosis is an independent correlate of lower prescription rate of oral anticoagulant treatment (OAT) in a sample of older AF patients. METHODS: Cross-sectional retrospective study. Consecutive older community-dwelling AF patients referred for a comprehensive geriatric assessment, were considered. Evaluation of physical, social and mental health, and administration of the Cumulative Illness Rating Scale (CIRS) and Barthel Index were performed...
September 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617622/treatment-and-communication-that-is-what-matters-an-analysis-of-complaints-regarding-end-of-life-care
#8
Jiska Cohen-Mansfield, Michal Skornick-Bouchbinder, Rinat Cohen, Shai Brill
BACKGROUND: Investigating complaints concerning end-of-life (EoL) care is a necessary step for improving the quality of life at its final stage. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to classify and quantify the aspects of EoL care that require improvement by analyzing caregivers' feedback on the care their relatives received before death. DESIGN: A survey of primary family caregivers of deceased patients. SETTING/SUBJECTS: Relatives of decedents were recruited through two geriatric medical centers and from persons contacted for other studies, who reported losing a relative...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590144/pharmacological-treatment-of-depression-in-geriatric-chronic-pain-patients-a-biopsychosocial-approach-integrating-functional-restoration
#9
Peter Polatin, Kelley Bevers, Robert J Gatchel
A recent literature review concluded that the comorbidity of chronic pain and depression in adults is approximately 50%-65%. Physical and cognitive declines, concurrent multiple health conditions, and complex medication regimens add to the unique and complex challenges of effectively treating pain in particularly geriatric populations. Interdisciplinary medical intervention and monitoring for psychiatric sequelae, such as depression, cognitive change, and synergistic physical side effects are necessary. Areas covered: This review covers an extensive multi-database wide search of the pharmacotherapy of pain and depression in older adults, including biopsychosocial approaches...
June 14, 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589496/screening-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-geriatric-psychiatry
#10
S M J Heijnen-Kohl, R M Kok, R M H J Wilting, G Rossi, S P J van Alphen
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are difficult to detect in old age. This study examined if ASD symptoms in older adults (age > 60) can be detected with the Dutch informant personality questionnaire, (Hetero-Anamnestische Persoonlijkheidsvragenlijst, HAP) in a mental health setting. Patients with ASD (N = 40) were compared to patients with a different psychiatric diagnosis (N = 43; personality disorders excluded). The ASD group had significant higher scores on the scales 'Socially avoidant behavior', 'Rigid behavior' and 'Unpredictable and impulsive behavior'...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557875/supporting-the-support-system-how-assessment-and-communication-can-help-patients-and-their-support-systems
#11
Jane Harkey, Jared Young, Jolynne Jo Carter, Michael Demoratz
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: The benefits of having a support system, such as social relationships with close friends and family, have been well documented for patients with serious health issues. As scientific evidence has shown, individuals who have the lowest level of involvement in social relationships face a greater mortality risk. Support systems, however, are not infallible. Relationship stress can have a negative impact on people-patient and caregiver alike-behaviorally, psychosocially, and physiologically...
July 2017: Professional Case Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553412/dental-and-oral-problem-patterns-and-treatment-seeking-behavior-of-geriatric-population
#12
Bader K AlZarea
BACKGROUND: The manifestations of oral changes and disorders affecting the geriatric population are different from the rest of the population. Inaccessibility to dental care is a compelling impediment to avail oral health services. OBJECTIVE: The aims were to assess the dental and oral problems and to find out the determinants of oral health seeking behaviour among elderly population of Al-Jouf province, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: The present cross sectional study included geriatric patients of 60 years and above, who visited the College of Dentistry, Al-Jouf University...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492755/association-between-root-caries-and-depressive-symptoms-among-elders-in-carlos-barbosa-rs-brazil
#13
Otávio Pereira D'Avila, Eliana Wendland, Juliana Balbinot Hilgert, Dalva Maria Pereira Padilha, Fernando Neves Hugo
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between depressive symptoms and root caries among independent-living older persons. All community-dwelling older adults (not hospitalized and not bedridden) living in Carlos Barbosa, RS, Brazil, were invited to participate, and 785 completed the study protocol (standardized questionnaire assessing socio-demographic information and health behavior, Geriatric Depression Scale [GDS] - brief version, and oral examination [DMFT-Root index, Visible Plaque Index and stimulated salivary flow])...
January 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488316/do-sociodemographic-behavioral-or-health-status-variables-affect-longitudinal-anthropometric-changes-in-older-adults-population-based-cohort-study-in-southern-brazil
#14
Vanessa Fernanda Goes, Elisabeth Wazlawik, Eleonora d'Orsi, Albert Navarro, David Alejandro González-Chica
AIM: To assess the influence of sociodemographic, behavioral and health status variables on longitudinal changes in height, weight, and waist circumference in older adults. METHODS: This is a population-based cohort study in Southern Brazil (EpiFloripa Study) investigating 1702 individuals aged 70.6 ± 8.0 years (62.5% women). Height, weight and waist circumference were measured in 2009/10 and 2013/14 (n = 1197). Linear mixed regression models were used to estimate age-related changes in anthropometric measurements according to the explanatory variables...
May 10, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471944/geriatric-syndromes-new-frontiers-in-hiv-and-sarcopenia
#15
Kellie L Hawkins, Todd T Brown, Joseph B Margolick, Kristine M Erlandson
: HIV infection, in many circumstances, can now be managed as a chronic disease due to the marked increase in life expectancy since the introduction of combination antiretroviral therapy (ART). As the patients who first had access to combination ART age into their 50s and 60s, the effects of chronic HIV infection on health have become an important research focus in HIV infection. People living with HIV appear to exhibit an earlier occurrence of some aging-related conditions compared to people without HIV, in part due to higher rates of comorbidities, high-risk behaviors (e...
June 1, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452673/improving-mental-health-in-the-community-outcome-evaluation-of-a-geriatric-mental-health-day-treatment-service
#16
Christine A Knight, Richard M Alarie
OBJECTIVES: This program evaluation reviewed the outcomes of a new 10-week multi-modal mental health day treatment program for elderly clients with mood and anxiety disorders. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of clients admitted during the first 3 years of the program (N = 255) was conducted. Paired sample t-tests were used to compare admission and discharge data. Focus groups were run with clients who attended the program during the previous months, to delineate the strengths of the program and to identify areas for improvement...
March 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452662/predictors-of-outcomes-for-older-adults-participating-in-calmer-life-a-culturally-tailored-intervention-for-anxiety
#17
Elizabeth C Conti, Terri L Barrera, Amber B Amspoker, Nancy Wilson, Srijana Shrestha, Paula Wagener, Maria Armento, Gina Evans-Hudnall, Jeremy P Cummings, Mark E Kunik, Melinda A Stanley
OBJECTIVE: Determine predictors of reduced worry and anxiety for older adults participating in the pilot phase of Calmer Life, a modular, personalized cognitive-behavioral treatment for worry. METHODS: Underserved adults (N = 54) over age 50 participated. Therapists were either experts (Ph.D. or Master's) or nonexpert providers (case managers, community health workers, and bachelor's level). Participants completed the Penn State Worry Questionnaire-Abbreviated (PSWQ-A) and the Geriatric Anxiety Inventory-Short Form (GAI-SF) before treatment and at 3 months...
May 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410002/comparing-behavioral-health-models-for-reducing-risky-drinking-among-older-male-veterans
#18
Nikki R Wooten, Abbas S Tavakoli, Marlene B Al-Barwani, Naomi A Thomas, Hrishikesh Chakraborty, Anna M Scheyett, Kelly M Kaminski, Alyssia C Woods, Sue E Levkoff
BACKGROUND: Screening older veterans in Veterans Affairs Medical Center (VAMC) primary care clinics for risky drinking facilitates early identification and referral to treatment. OBJECTIVE: This study compared two behavioral health models, integrated care (a standardized brief alcohol intervention co-located in primary care clinics) and enhanced referral care (referral to specialty mental health or substance abuse clinics), for reducing risky drinking among older male VAMC primary care patients...
September 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276623/changes-in-health-behaviors-and-the-trajectory-of-body-mass-index-among-older-japanese-a-19-year-longitudinal-study
#19
Hiroshi Murayama, Jersey Liang, Benjamin A Shaw, Anda Botoseneanu, Erika Kobayashi, Taro Fukaya, Shoji Shinkai
AIM: Although the modification of lifestyle factors might facilitate weight control, the effects of health behaviors on the trajectory of bodyweight among older adults have been understudied. We examined the effect of changes in smoking, alcohol use and physical activity on the long-term trajectory of body mass index (BMI) among older Japanese adults. METHODS: Data came from a national sample of 4869 Japanese adults aged 60 years and older at baseline, with up to seven repeated observations over a period of 19 years (1987-2006)...
March 9, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252186/taste-related-sensations-in-old-age
#20
REVIEW
T Ogawa, M J Annear, K Ikebe, Y Maeda
The sense of taste is important as it allows for assessment of nutritional value, safety and quality of foods as well as for food enjoyment and quality of life. Several factors are suggested to be associated with taste sensitivity, and higher prevalence of taste disorder has been reported among older adults. This review focused on the reported causes and correlates of taste decline in older adults, with the aim to consolidating existing evidence and identifying gaps and limitations. Using a scoping review methodology, we sought relevant literature from the last 20 years...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
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