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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818831/oral-contraceptives-breastfeeding-and-the-risk-of-developing-rheumatoid-arthritis-results-from-the-swedish-eira-study
#1
Cecilia Orellana, Saedis Saevarsdottir, Lars Klareskog, Elizabeth W Karlson, Lars Alfredsson, Camilla Bengtsson
OBJECTIVES: To study whether oral contraceptive (OC) use or breastfeeding (BF) influence the risk of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), stratifying the cases by presence/absence of anticitrullinated protein antibodies (ACPA), and whether these factors interact with known risk factors in the development of ACPA-positive RA. METHODS: Women aged ≥18 years, participants in the population-based case-control Swedish Epidemiological Investigation of RA study (2641 cases/4251 controls), completed an extensive questionnaire regarding OC, BF and potential confounders...
August 17, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817972/real-world-research-and-the-role-of-observational-data-in-the-field-of-gynaecology-a-practical-review
#2
Oskari Heikinheimo, Johannes Bitzer, Luis García Rodríguez
OBJECTIVES: In the context of women's health, we examine (1) the role that observational ('real-world') studies have in overcoming limitations of randomised clinical trials, (2) the relative advantages and disadvantages of different study designs, (3) the importance of outcome data from observational studies when making health-economic or clinical decisions, and (4) provide insights into changing perceptions of observational clinical data. METHODS: PubMed and internet searches were used to identify (i) guidance and expert commentary on designing, conducting, analysing, and reporting clinical trials or observational studies, (ii) supporting evidence of the rapid growth of observational ('real world') studies and publications since the turn of millennium in the fields of contraception, reproductive health, obstetrics or gynaecology...
August 17, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817319/medicaid-reimbursement-for-the-female-condom
#3
Susan S Witte, Colleen MacPhee, Natalie Ginsburg, Neha Deshmukh
OBJECTIVES: To examine state-level female condom use through Medicaid from 2004 to 2014, because in 2010, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) allowed for expanded Medicaid coverage in many states, extending requirements for contraceptive care to more of the poorest women in the United States and to most women with private insurance. METHODS: We collected data via brief survey of Medicaid offices in all 50 states between March 2015 and March 2016...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817165/contraception-after-surgical-and-medical-abortion-a-review
#4
Andrea Hsu Roe, Deborah Bartz
Importance: To prevent subsequent unintended pregnancy, contraception should be initiated soon after surgical and medical abortion. Evidence regarding the safety of postabortion contraception, especially for longacting reversible methods, has accumulated in recent years. Objective: This review seeks to provide up-to-date recommendations about the provision and timing of contraception after surgical and medical abortion. Evidence Acquisition: Recommendations are based on the US Medical Eligibility Criteria (MEC) or on the authors' review of the current literature for topics that the MEC does not address...
August 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816924/treatment-of-premenstrual-breakthrough-of-depression-with-adjunctive-oral-contraceptive-pills-compared-with-placebo
#5
Whitney Peters, Marlene P Freeman, Semmie Kim, Lee S Cohen, Hadine Joffe
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: Two-thirds of women with depressive disorders report reemergence of depression premenstrually, or premenstrual exacerbation (PME), despite effective treatment of the underlying mood disorder during the remainder of the cycle. There is a paucity of studies that rigorously assess treatments targeting PME. Open-label data suggest that augmentation of antidepressants with the oral contraceptive pill (OCP) drospirenone and ethinyl estradiol (DRSP/EE) improves depressive symptoms that break through treatment premenstrually...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815018/serum-complexed-and-free-prostate-specific-antigen-levels-are-lower-in-female-elite-athletes-in-comparison-to-control-women
#6
Emma Eklund, Eleftherios P Diamandis, Carla Muytjens, Sarah Wheeler, Anu Mathew, Martin Stengelin, Eli Glezer, Galina Nikolenko, Marshall D Brown, Yingye Zheng, Angelica Lindén Hirschberg
BACKGROUND: We hypothesize that prostate specific antigen (PSA), a protein that it is under regulation by androgens, may be differentially expressed in female elite athletes in comparison to control women. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 106 female athletes and 114 sedentary age-matched controls.  Serum from these women was analyzed for complexed prostate specific antigen (cPSA) and free prostate specific antigen (fPSA), by fifth generation assays with limits of detection of around 6 and 140 fg/mL, respectively...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813771/hepatic-adenoma-a-case-report
#7
Hasan H Turaihi, Thavam C Thambi-Pillai
Although liver lesions in the young population are relatively rare, clinicians can benefit from being familiar with a subset of common benign liver lesions which include hepatic adenoma, hepatic hemangioma, and focal nodular hyperplasia. This a case report of a 25-year-old Jehovah's Witness female on chronic oral contraception for polycystic ovarian syndrome who presented with progressive right upper quadrant abdominal pain. Ultrasound and MRI findings were consistent with hepatic adenoma. A description of her clinical work up followed by a brief description of the surgical intervention is discussed...
March 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812805/changes-in-socio-economic-inequality-in-neonatal-mortality-in-iran-between-1995-2000-and-2005-2010-an-oaxaca-decomposition-analysis
#8
Mostafa Amini Rarani, Arash Rashidian, Ardeshir Khosravi, Mohammad Arab, Ezatollah Abbasian, Esmaeil Khedmati Morasae
BACKGROUND: Exploring changes in health inequality and its determinants over time is of policy interest. Accordingly, this study aimed to decompose inequality in neonatal mortality into its contributing factors and then explore changes from 1995-2000 to 2005-2010 in Iran. METHODS: Required data were drawn from two Iran's demographic and health survey (DHS) conducted in 2000 and 2010. Normalized concentration index (CI) was used to measure the magnitude of inequality in neonatal mortality...
September 24, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811119/family-planning-funding-cuts-and-teen-childbearing
#9
Analisa Packham
Publicly funded family planning clinics provide low-cost and free contraception to nearly 1.5 million teens each year. In recent years, several states have considered legislation to defund family planning services, although little is known about how these cuts affect teen pregnancy. This paper fills this knowledge gap by exploiting a policy change in Texas that reduced funding for family planning services by 67% and resulted in over 80 clinic closures. I estimate the effects of the funding cuts on teen health outcomes using a difference-in-differences approach that compares the changes in teen birth rates in Texas counties that lost family planning funding to changes in counties outside of Texas with publicly funded clinics...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810976/women-s-health-knowledge-and-skills-among-transitional-year-internship-trained-military-medical-officers-serving-as-independent-health-care-providers
#10
Ryan J Heitmann, Crystal B Hammons, Alison L Batig
BACKGROUND: Women comprise 14.5% of active duty service members. Delivery of women's health services is a critical component to personal, medical, and mission readiness. Our objective was to evaluate the knowledge, skills, and practices pertaining to basic elements of women's/reproductive health issues among transitional internship-trained general medical officers in the Army, Navy, and Air Force. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional survey study of transitional internship-trained graduates from 2012 to 2015 who transitioned to an operational assignment as an independent provider after internship graduation...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810947/intravaginal-delivery-approaches-for-contraception-an-overview-with-emphasis-on-gels
#11
Sonia Gupta, Vijay Prabha
The rising population with grave ramifications for the future is a fundamental issue, demanding for newer and better contraceptive modalities. Also, in order to achieve the contraceptive purpose, the choice of the most suitable delivery system is of unquestionable importance. Out of all dosage forms, vaginal gel formulations present indubitable benefits for contraceptive administration. Therefore, this review summarizes the history of research in the field of vaginal delivery systems with special emphasis on the development of vaginal gels containing safer and more effective contraceptive agents...
2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences: a Publication of the Canadian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810916/the-catsper-channel-and-its-roles-in-male-fertility-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Xiang-Hong Sun, Ying-Ying Zhu, Lin Wang, Hong-Ling Liu, Yong Ling, Zong-Li Li, Li-Bo Sun
The Catsper channel is a sperm-specific, Ca(2+)-permeable, pH-dependent, and low voltage-dependent channel that is essential for the hyperactivity of sperm flagellum, chemotaxis towards the egg, capacitation and acrosome reaction. All of these physiological events require calcium entry into sperm cells. Remarkably, Catsper genes are exclusively expressed in the testis during spermatogenesis, and are sensitive to ion channel-induced pH change, such as NHEs, Ca(2+)ATPase, K(+) channel, Hv1 channel and HCO3(-) transporters...
August 15, 2017: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807752/vasectomy-practice-patterns-among-family-medicine-physicians-and-compliance-with-the-aua-2012-vasectomy-guidelines
#13
Daniel D Shapiro, Sandra A Kamnetz, Brian V Le
OBJECTIVE: To survey urologists and family medicine physicians within a single institution to determine current vasectomy practice patterns and determine compliance with 2012 American Urological Society (AUA) vasectomy guidelines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 2016, a single institution survey was conducted to understand the vasectomy practice patterns among urologists and non-urologists. The survey questions and 3 clinical scenarios were designed based on the 2012 AUA vasectomy guidelines...
August 11, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807735/impact-of-parent-daughter-communication-about-sex-on-the-use-of-less-effective-contraception-among-women-from-15-to-24-years-old-in-france
#14
Solène Vigoureux, Nathalie Bajos, Virginie Ringa
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Most women begin sexual activity as teenagers but nearly 20% of women in France younger than 25 years rely on less effective contraceptive methods (condoms or methods such as withdrawal or periodic abstinence). We sought to analyze the association with less effective contraception among women aged 15-24 years in France and communication about sex and contraception with their parents. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, INTERVENTIONS AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The analyses focused on 713 sexually active women who did not currently want a child, were using contraception, and were interviewed in 2010 in a national cross-sectional probability survey (FECOND) when they were 15-24 years old...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807160/treatment-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-for-female-infertility
#15
Dan Jiang, Lily Li, Bai-Yun Zeng
Female infertility is when a woman of reproductive age and sexual active, without contraception, cannot get pregnant after a year and more or keeps having miscarriages. Although conventional treatments for infertility such as hormone therapy, in vitro fertilization and many more, helped many female patients with infertility get pregnant during past a few decades, it is far from satisfactory with prolonging treatment time frames and emotional and financial burden. In recent years, more patients with infertile problems are seeking to alternative and complementary medicines to achieve a better outcome...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806964/intervention-now-to-eliminate-repeat-unintended-pregnancy-in-teenagers-interupt-a-systematic-review-of-intervention-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-and-qualitative-and-realist-synthesis-of-implementation-factors-and-user-engagement
#16
Rabeea'h W Aslam, Maggie Hendry, Andrew Booth, Ben Carter, Joanna M Charles, Noel Craine, Rhiannon Tudor Edwards, Jane Noyes, Lupetu Ives Ntambwe, Diana Pasterfield, Jo Rycroft-Malone, Nefyn Williams, Rhiannon Whitaker
BACKGROUND: Unintended repeat conceptions can result in emotional, psychological and educational harm to young women, often with enduring implications for their life chances. This study aimed to identify which young women are at the greatest risk of repeat unintended pregnancies; which interventions are effective and cost-effective; and what are the barriers to and facilitators for the uptake of these interventions. METHODS: We conducted a mixed-methods systematic review which included meta-analysis, framework synthesis and application of realist principles, with stakeholder input and service user feedback to address this...
August 15, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806374/long-acting-reversible-contraception-among-homeless-women-veterans-with-chronic-health-conditions-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#17
Lori M Gawron, Andrew Redd, Ying Suo, Warren Pettey, David K Turok, Adi V Gundlapalli
BACKGROUND: US women Veterans are at increased risk of homelessness and chronic health conditions associated with unintended pregnancy. Veterans Health Administration (VHA) provision of long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) can assist in healthy pregnancy planning. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate perinatal risk factors and LARC exposure in ever-homeless women Veterans. RESEARCH DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study of women Veterans using VHA administrative data from fiscal years 2002-2015...
September 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806365/associations-between-perceived-race-based-discrimination-and-contraceptive-use-among-women-veterans-in-the-ecuun-study
#18
Serena MacDonald, Leslie R M Hausmann, Florentina E Sileanu, Xinhua Zhao, Maria K Mor, Sonya Borrero
OBJECTIVE: To describe perceived race-based discrimination in Veterans Affairs (VA) health care settings and assess its associations with contraceptive use among a sample of women Veterans. METHODOLOGY: This study used data from a national telephone survey of women Veterans aged 18-44 receiving health care in VA who were at risk of unintended pregnancy. Participants were asked about their perceptions of race-based discrimination while seeking VA health care and about their contraceptive use at last heterosexual intercourse...
September 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806162/combined-hormonal-contraceptives-and-migraine-an-update-on-the-evidence
#19
REVIEW
Anne H Calhoun, Pelin Batur
Combined hormonal contraceptives are contraindicated in women who have migraine with aura, in whom these drugs can increase the risk of ischemic stroke. However, this contraindication is based on data from the 1960s and 1970s, when oral contraceptives contained much higher doses of estrogen. Stroke risk is not significantly increased with today's preparations, many of which contain less than 30 μg of ethinyl estradiol. Further, in continuous regimens, ultra-low-dose formulations--those that contain less than 20 μg of ethinyl estradiol--may help prevent menstrual migraine and reduce the frequency of aura...
August 2017: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806008/south-dakota-medicaid-implements-coverage-for-immediate-postpartum-long-acting-reversible-contraception
#20
EDITORIAL
Kelly Landeen, Ashley Briggs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
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