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Li-Ping Hou, Hongxing Chen, Chang-En Tian, Ye Liang, Rong-Rong Wu, Xing-Mei Zhang, Xu-Wen Fang, Cui-Ping Zhang, Jun-Jie Hu, Li-Ying Song, Yan-Qiu Liang, Daniel Schlenk, Lingtian Xie
Synthetic hormones in wastewater effluents released into the aquatic environments may interfere with the normal endocrine systems of fish in receiving streams. Norgestrel (NGT) is a synthetic progestin widely used in oral contraceptives and frequently detected in wastewater effluents. In this study, adult female mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis) were exposed to three environmentally relevant concentrations of norgestrel (NGT) (i.e., 3.6, 35.8, and 368.0 ng L-1) for 42 d, fin morphology, histology of the ovary, and reproductive behaviors were evaluated...
March 13, 2018: Aquatic Toxicology
Andrew M Kaunitz, JoAnn V Pinkerton, JoAnn E Manson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 19, 2018: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
Joyce H Park, Amanda Bienenfeld, Seth J Orlow, Arielle R Nagler
BACKGROUND: Little is known about how dermatologists prescribe hormonal antiandrogen acne treatment (HAAT). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate dermatologists' HAAT-prescribing habits and HAAT's impact on systemic antibiotic use in women with acne. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study at an academic medical center of female patients receiving HAAT (combined oral contraceptive [COC], spironolactone) for acne from January 2005 to October 2015...
March 20, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
Lijun Zhao, Yang Xu, Xiaoling Duo, Xiaoying Tian, Peng Wang
The effect of Shoutai pill on endometrial receptivity was analyzed. A total of 160 patients with spontaneous abortion were enrolled in this study. They were treated in the Fifth People's Hospital of Jinan (Shandong, China) from February 2014 to June 2016. The following treatment regimen was performed for the patients: after menstruation, Shoutai pill was taken as continuous medication for more than 5 menstrual cycles, the pill was taken 20 days per month, medication was stopped during menstruation, and contraceptive measures were taken during this period...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Julien Chevreau, David Krief, Osama Abou Arab, Mickaël Zitoun, Arthur Foulon, Fabrice Sergent, Jean Gondry
OBJECTIVES: Nexplanon® 's new applicator system was designed to limit deep implant placements, known to lead to difficult removals. However, removal difficulties still exist and induce specific and potentially severe complications. Our objective was to identify risk factors associated with difficult removals. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective single-center study was performed from January 2015 to December 2016. Participants were divided into two groups depending on whether implant was removed during a standard ("standard removal" group) or difficult consultation ("difficult removal" group) after an initial failed removal attempt...
March 13, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Filipa de Castro, Rosalba Rojas-Martínez, Aremis Villalobos-Hernández, Betania Allen-Leigh, Ariela Breverman-Bronstein, Deborah Lynn Billings, Patricia Uribe-Zúñiga
OBJECTIVES: To describe the comprehensive sex education (CSE) coverage and to evaluate a set of indicators related to knowledge, attitudes, and practices associated with the seven components of the CSE framework among Mexican high-school students. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of a nationally representative sample of students in public and private high schools in Mexico. Questions about CSE coverage and about knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to sexual health were included...
2018: PloS One
Esther López Del Cerro, Carolina Serrano Diana, Ana María Castillo Cañadas, Esteban González Mirasol, Francisco García Santos, María Teresa Gómez García, Gaspar González de Merlo
The use of long-acting contraceptive methods is on the rise. The aim of this study was to describe the main variables (effectiveness, tolerability, menstrual bleeding) associated with the use of subdermal contraceptive implants and to investigate the influence of age on these variables. This was a descriptive, retrospective, observational study of 221 cases of contraceptive implants inserted at a Spanish hospital between 2006 and 2015. The mean age of implant users was 31.2 ± 7.5 years. Effectiveness was 100% and good tolerability was recorded for 86...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Milena Bastos Brito, Juliana Socorro Casqueiro, Fernanda Scoppetta Sampaio Alves, Jade Braga Lopes, Renata Dantas Monteiro Santana Alves, Mittermayer Santiago
This was a cross-sectional study of women of reproductive age with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) being treated at Bahiana School Rheumatology Service in Brazil. The study aimed to assess the prevalence of contraceptive counselling and use. An interview was performed, and the results were analysed before and after the SLE diagnosis. Eighty-five women were included; the mean age of the group was 32.98 ± 8.39 years. Before SLE diagnosis, most of the patients had used some contraceptive method; mainly oral contraceptives (54%) or hormone injections (21%)...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Victoria Shelus, Nicki Ashcroft, Sarah Burgess, Monica Giuffrida, Victoria Jennings
CONTEXT: Given the proportion of Kenyan women not using hormonal contraceptives, the country appears to have a substantial need for a modern, natural family planning option. The CycleBeads® mobile phone application (app), a digital platform for the Standard Days Method® of family planning, could help address this issue. METHODS: After the CycleBeads app was promoted in Kenya in May-June 2015, a three-month pilot study was conducted to collect quantitative and qualitative data from 185 female app users...
September 1, 2017: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
Julie H Hernandez, Mbadu Muanda, Mélissa Garcia, Grace Matawa
CONTEXT: Despite the commitment of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) to expand the family planning method mix and increase access to services, awareness of emergency contraception is low among women, and the method remains underused and poorly integrated in family planning programming. METHODS: Data from 15 focus group discussions conducted in 2016 among women aged 15-35 were used to examine awareness and perceptions of, and attitudes toward, emergency contraceptives...
September 1, 2017: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
Cicely Marston, Alicia Renedo, Gertrude Nsorma Nyaaba, Kazuyo Machiyama, Placide Tapsoba, John Cleland
CONTEXT: According to Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data, highly educated urban women in some West African countries simultaneously have low rates of both contraceptive use and fertility-suggesting that the DHS may not be capturing a complete picture of women's contraceptive practices. METHODS: Individual in-depth interviews and focus group discussions were conducted with a total of 48 women aged 18-49 in Accra, Ghana, who had at least a secondary education to explore their reproductive lives and relationships, and their views on and use of fertility regulation strategies...
September 1, 2017: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
Melanie Dawn Channon
CONTEXT: Son preference exerts a strong influence over contraceptive and fertility decisions in many South Asian countries. In Pakistan, where fertility remains high and contraceptive use low, research on son preference has been limited. METHODS: Data from Pakistan Demographic and Health Surveys conducted in 1990-1991, 2006-2007 and 2012-2013 were used to examine potential indicators and outcomes of son preference. Descriptive analyses looked at sex composition preferences of men and women, as well as the sex ratio at last birth...
September 1, 2017: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
Majed Hababeh, Wafaa Zeidan, Mariam Abdel El-Kader, Anwar Al Thaher, Nimer Kassim, Elias Habash, Hasan Arab, Ali Khader, Akihiro Seita
BACKGROUND: UNRWA introduced family planning services in 1994 as an integral part of its expanded maternal and child health-care programme. The main objective of UNRWA's family planning programme is to promote the health of mothers, children, and their families. The aim of this follow-up study was to assess contraceptive practices in the target population 5 years after the 2010 follow-up study and to identify future programme needs. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey was a done by trained nurses from June 1 to Dec 31, 2015...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Raffaele Nuzzi, Simona Scalabrin, Alice Becco, Giancarlo Panzica
Aim: Gonadal hormones are essential for reproductive function, but can act on neural and other organ systems, and are probably the cause of the large majority of known sex differences in function and disease. The aim of this review is to provide evidence for this hypothesis in relation to eye disorders and to retinopathies in particular. Methods: Epidemiological studies and research articles were reviewed. Results: Analysis of the biological basis for a relationship between eye diseases and hormones showed that estrogen, androgen, and progesterone receptors are present throughout the eye and that these steroids are locally produced in ocular tissues...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
S Haider, C Stoffel, A M Dude
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To describe contraceptive method use by adolescent women in the six months following any pregnancy. DESIGN: We conducted a secondary analysis of the 2011-13 and 2013-15 cycles of the National Survey of Family Growth. SETTING: This survey is a nationally - representative population - based survey of reproductive aged women in the United States. PARTICIPANTS: The sample included respondents who had at least one pregnancy that ended both within the contraceptive calendar period and before the month of the respondent's twentieth birthday...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Paolo Vercellini, Paola Viganò, Laura Buggio, Sofia Makieva, Giovanna Scarfone, Fulvia Milena Cribiù, Fabio Parazzini, Edgardo Somigliana
In women with endometriosis, the lifetime risk of ovarian cancer is increased from 1.4% to about 1.9%. The risk of clear cell and endometrioid ovarian cancer is, respectively, tripled and doubled. Atypical endometriosis, observed in 1-3% of endometriomas excised in premenopausal women, is the intermediate precursor lesion linking typical endometriosis and clear cell/endometrioid tumors. Prolonged oral contraceptive use is associated with a major reduction in ovarian cancer risk among women with endometriosis...
February 15, 2018: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Amanda M Kalamar, Özge Tunçalp, Michelle J Hindin
OBJECTIVE: We explore the patterns of adolescents' need for contraception in 46 low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: Using data from the Demographic and Health Surveys, we estimate the prevalence of never-use, ever-use and current contraceptive use of sexually active adolescent girls, ages 15-19. We use weighted fixed effects meta-analytic techniques to estimate summary measures. Finally, we highlight country profiles of adolescent contraceptive use. RESULTS: More than half (54...
March 14, 2018: Contraception
P Collinet, X Fritel, C Revel-Delhom, M Ballester, P A Bolze, B Borghese, N Bornsztein, J Boujenah, N Bourdel, T Brillac, N Chabbert-Buffet, C Chauffour, N Clary, J Cohen, C Decanter, A Denouël, G Dubernard, A Fauconnier, H Fernandez, T Gauthier, F Golfier, C Huchon, G Legendre, J Loriau, E Mathieu-d'Argent, B Merlot, J Niro, P Panel, P Paparel, C A Philip, S Ploteau, C Poncelet, B Rabischong, H Roman, C Rubod, P Santulli, M Sauvan, I Thomassin-Naggara, A Torre, J M Wattier, C Yazbeck, M Canis
First-line investigations to diagnose endometriosis are clinical examination and pelvic ultrasound. Second-line investigations include pelvic examination performed by a referent clinician, transvaginal ultrasound performed by a referent, and pelvic MRI. It is recommended to treat endometriosis when it is symptomatic. First-line hormonal treatments recommended for the management of painful endometriosis are combined hormonal contraceptives or levonorgestrel 52mg IUD. There is no evidence to recommend systematic preoperative hormonal therapy for the unique purpose of preventing the risk of surgical complications or facilitating surgery...
March 14, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
Bridget Linehan Logan, Lynn Foster-Johnson, Eleni Zotos
BACKGROUND: A collection of studies have demonstrated that approximately one-third of female nulliparous athletes experience urinary incontinence during their athletic activities. Contributing factors of incontinence that have thus far been the focus of study include type of sport, duration and intensity of athletic activity, use of hormonal contraception, and weight. There has, as yet, been a notable underemphasis on several other factors which influence incontinence, including bowel pattern, urinary habits, and menstrual status...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Elizabeth Sully, Yohannes Dibaba, Tamara Fetters, Nakeisha Blades, Akinrinola Bankole
PURPOSE: The 2005 expansion of the Ethiopian abortion law provided minors access to legal abortions, yet little is known about abortion among adolescents. This paper estimates the incidence of legal and clandestine abortions and the severity of abortion-related complications among adolescent and nonadolescent women in Ethiopia in 2014. METHODS: This paper uses data from three surveys: a Health Facility Survey (n = 822) to collect data on legal abortions and postabortion complications, a Health Professionals Survey (n = 82) to estimate the share of clandestine abortions that resulted in treated complications, and a Prospective Data Survey (n = 5,604) to collect data on abortion care clients...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
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