keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Contraception

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774803/-the-financial-is-the-main-issue-it-s-not-even-the-child-exploring-the-role-of-finances-in-men-s-concepts-of-fatherhood-and-fertility-intention
#1
Megan Hamm, Elizabeth Miller, Lovie Jackson Foster, Mario Browne, Sonya Borrero
Despite demonstrable need, men's utilization of sexual and reproductive health services remains low. This low utilization may particularly affect low-income men, given the disproportionate prevalence of unintended pregnancy in low-income populations. Bolstering men's utilization of sexual and reproductive health services requires understanding the services that are most relevant to them. Semistructured interviews about fatherhood, fertility intention, and contraceptive use were conducted with 58 low-income Black and White men in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772278/zika-virus-incidence-preventive-and-reproductive-behaviors-correlates-from-new-survey-data
#2
Climent Quintana-Domeque, José Raimundo Carvalho, Victor Hugo de Oliveira
During the outbreak of the Zika virus, Brazilian health authorities recommended that pregnant women take meticulous precaution to avoid mosquito bites and that women in general use contraceptive methods to postpone/delay pregnancies. In this article, we present new estimates on the Zika virus incidence, its correlates and preventive behaviors in the Northeast of Brazil, where the outbreak initiated, using survey data collected between March 30th and June 3rd of 2016. The target population were women aged 15-49 in the capital cities of the nine states of the Northeast region of Brazil...
May 1, 2018: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771940/unplanned-pregnancies-and-contraceptive-use-among-hiv-positive-women-in-care
#3
Madeline Y Sutton, Wen Zhou, Emma L Frazier
Among 230,360 women with diagnosed HIV in the United States (U.S.), ~ 8,500 give birth annually, and unplanned pregnancies (as with HIV-negative women) are prevalent. However, unplanned pregnancies and contraceptive use among HIV-positive women have been understudied. To examine unplanned pregnancies and contraceptive use among HIV-positive women, we used 2013-2014 data from the Medical Monitoring Project (MMP), an HIV surveillance system that produces national estimates for HIV-positive adults in care in the U...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771679/acceptability-of-contraceptive-self-injection-with-dmpa-sc-among-adolescents-in-gulu-district-uganda
#4
Jane Cover, Jeanette Lim, Allen Namagembe, Justine Tumusiime, Jennifer Kidwell Drake, Carie Muntifering Cox
CONTEXT: In Uganda, an estimated one in four adolescent women have begun childbearing. Many adolescent pregnancies are unintended because of substantial barriers to contraceptive access. The injectable contraceptive is the most commonly used method in Uganda, and a new subcutaneous version offers the possibility of reducing access barriers by offering a self-injection option. However, more information about adolescent attitudes toward and interest in self-injection is needed. METHODS: In 2015, in-depth interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of 46 adolescent women aged 15-19 from rural and urban areas of Gulu District...
December 1, 2017: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769824/immune-response-in-women-during-exercise-in-the-heat-a-spotlight-on-oral-contraception
#5
Brianna Larsen, Amanda J Cox, Karlee Quinn, Rhiannon Fisher, Clare Minahan
This study compared the immune and stress response of oral contraceptive users (WomenOC; n = 9) to normally-menstruating women (WomenNM; n = 9) at rest and during exercise in temperate (TEMP; 22°C) and hot (HEAT; 35°C) conditions. Participants performed a 3-stage cycling trial in each condition at 90% (Stage 1; 30 min), 135% (Stage 2; 15 min), and 180% (Stage 3; 7.5 min) of lactate threshold 1. C-reactive protein (CRP) and immune cell counts were measured at rest, and serum cytokines (IL-1β, IL-1RA, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, and TNF-α) and salivary cortisol were evaluated before and after exercise in both the TEMP and HEAT conditions...
June 2018: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769104/prevalence-of-emergency-contraceptive-pill-use-among-spanish-adolescent-girls-and-their-family-and-psychological-profiles
#6
Antonia Jiménez-Iglesias, Carmen Moreno, Irene García-Moya, Francisco Rivera
BACKGROUND: Adolescent girls' family context and psychological characteristics play important roles in their sexual behavior, including the use of the emergency contraceptive pill (ECP). This study aims to (1) determine the prevalence of ECP use among girls who have had sexual intercourse and (2) comparatively analyze their family and psychological profiles according to whether they have used ECPs. METHODS: The sample of 1735 Spanish girls aged 15 to 18 came from a representative sample of the 2014 edition of the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study...
May 16, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769052/association-between-skilled-maternal-healthcare-and-postpartum-contraceptive-use-in-ethiopia
#7
Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Tensae Tadesse Mekonnen, Zelalem Birhanu Mengesha, Katherine Tumlinson
BACKGROUND: The postpartum period provides an important opportunity to address unmet need for contraception and reduce short birth intervals. This study aims to assess the association between skilled maternal healthcare and postpartum contraceptive use in Ethiopia. METHODS: Data for this analysis come from the 2011 to 2016 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Surveys (EDHS) and include nearly 5000 married women of reproductive age with a recent birth. Multivariate logistic regression was conducted to investigate the relationship between skilled maternal healthcare and postpartum contraceptive use...
May 16, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768947/linking-back-to-back-stimulation-cycles-with-oral-contraceptives-or-progestins-in-women-undergoing-embryo-accumulation-for-preimplantation-genetic-testing-a-retrospective-study
#8
Jorge Rodriguez-Purata, Marta Devesa, Mónica Parriego, Clara Pardos, Ignacio Rodriguez, Nikolaos P Polyzos, Francisca Martínez, Buenaventura Coroleu
This retrospective study was carried out to determine which strategy is associated with improved outcomes in two back-to-back cycles when undergoing embryo accumulation. Eighty patients with two stimulation cycles performed with <45 days between retrievals between Jan'16-Mar'17 were included. Patients were segregated according to the strategy used to link stimulations: spontaneous menses (SM), vaginal micronized progesterone (VMP) or oral contraceptive pills (OCP). Main outcome measure was oocytes retrieved...
May 17, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768621/sexual-violence-against-women-and-care-in-the-health-sector-in-santa-catarina-brazil
#9
Carmem Regina Delziovo, Elza Berger Salema Coelho, Eleonora d'Orsi, Sheila Rubia Lindner
This is a study on sexual violence against women in the Brazilian State of Santa Catarina notified to the Notifiable Diseases Information System (SINAN) in the period 20082013. It aimed to estimate pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) resulting from sexual violence and to test the association between pregnancy, STIs and care provided in health services. In total, 1,230 pregnancy notifications and 1.316 STI notifications were analyzed. Variables were age, schooling, time to receive care, STI prophylaxis, emergency contraception, number of perpetrators and recurrent violence, which were analyzed using proportions and 95% confidence intervals...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768459/use-of-modern-contraceptive-methods-and-its-association-with-qol-among-nepalese-female-migrants-living-in-japan
#10
Richa Shah, Junko Kiriya, Akira Shibanuma, Masamine Jimba
INTRODUCTION: Modern contraceptive use among migrants may be limited due to factors such as language barriers, socio-economic condition, and inadequate knowledge. Limited evidence is available on the factors associated with the use of modern contraceptive methods by migrants in Japan. Moreover, evidence remains scarce on the quality of life (QOL) of migrants in relation to contraceptive use. As the Nepalese migrant population in Japan is increasing, this study was conducted to address their sexual and reproductive health issues...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768114/differences-in-contraceptive-discontinuation-among-black-and-white-women-evidence-from-the-contraceptive-choice-project
#11
Jenifer E Allsworth, Gina M Secura, Olufemi O Ajibade, Jeffrey F Peipert
OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate whether differences in rates of contraceptive discontinuation exist among black and white women receiving contraceptive counseling and no-cost contraception among users of long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC; intrauterine devices or subdermal implant) and non-LARC (oral contraceptive pills, contraceptive vaginal ring, patch, or injection) methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed data from a prospective cohort study of 7546 non-Hispanic black and white women who participated in the Contraceptive CHOICE Project...
May 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766610/sensitive-and-simultaneous-quantitation-of-6%C3%AE-hydroxycortisol-and-cortisol-in-human-plasma-by-lc-ms-ms-coupled-with-stable-isotope-dilution-method
#12
Ryohei Hirano, Akitomo Yokokawa, Takashi Furuta, Hiromi Shibasaki
CYP3A phenotyping provide a means for personalized drug therapy. We focused our attention on the plasma 6β-hydroxycortisol (6β-OHF) to cortisol ratio as an index for CYP3A phenotyping. In the present study, we developed a sensitive and reliable method for the simultaneous determination of 6β-OHF and cortisol in human plasma using high-performance liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) together with picolinylester derivatization or nonderivatization methods and 6β-[9,11,12,12-2 H4 ]hydroxycortisol and [1,2,4,19-13 C4 ]cortisol as internal standards for in vivo CYP3A phenotyping in humans...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Mass Spectrometry: JMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764310/conflicting-contraceptive-norms-for-men-equal-responsibility-versus-women-s-bodily-autonomy
#13
Laurie James-Hawkins, Cristen Dalessandro, Christie Sennott
Most research investigating how men and women in heterosexual relationships negotiate contraceptive use focuses on the women's point of view. Using a sample of 44 interviews with men attending a western US university, this study examines norms governing men's participation in contraceptive use and pregnancy prevention and their responses to those norms. The paper demonstrates how competing norms around sexual health decision-making and women's bodily autonomy contribute to unintended outcomes that undermine young people's quest for egalitarian sexual relationships...
May 15, 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762385/hiv-sero-discordance-and-dual-contraceptive-method-use-among-hiv-infected-men-and-women-in-lilongwe-malawi
#14
Blessings Gausi, Maganizo B Chagomerana, Jennifer H Tang, Lisa B Haddad, Mina C Hosseinipour, Hannock Tweya, Sam Phiri
BACKGROUND: Some HIV sero-discordant couples are faced with the dual challenge of preventing HIV transmission to the uninfected partner and avoiding unintended pregnancy. Therefore, we hypothesized that sero-discordance is associated with dual method use at last sex. METHODS: We analyzed data from a cross-sectional survey of HIV-infected men and women attending 2 ART clinics in Lilongwe, Malawi. We used Fisher's exact test and Wilcoxon rank sum to assess for associations between sero-discordance, covariates, and dual method use...
May 14, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760943/high-parity-predicts-use-of-long-acting-reversible-contraceptives-in-the-extended-postpartum-period-among-women-in-rural-uganda
#15
Ronald Anguzu, Hassard Sempeera, Juliet N Sekandi
Background: The use of implants and Intra-uterine devices (IUD) during the post-partum period is very low in Uganda especially in rural settings. Long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARC) are known to be the most cost-effective for prevention of unintended pregnancy and unsafe abortions. This study aimed at determining the factors associated with long-acting reversible contraceptive use among women in the extended postpartum period in rural Uganda. Methods: We conducted a household-based, cross-sectional study among 400 women in two rural communities in Mityana district, central Uganda...
2018: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760934/the-association-between-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-and-metabolic-risk-factors-in-black-and-white-south-african-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Cindy George, Juliet Evans, Lisa K Micklesfield, Tommy Olsson, Julia H Goedecke
Background: High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) is associated with metabolic risk, however it is unclear whether the relationship is confounded by racial/ethnic differences in socioeconomic status (SES), lifestyle factors or central adiposity. The aims of the study was, (1) to investigate whether hsCRP levels differ by race/ethnicity; (2) to examine the race/ethnic-specific associations between hsCRP, HOMA-IR and serum lipids [total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), high-density lipoproteins (HDL-C) and low-density lipoproteins (LDL-C)]; and (3) to determine whether race/ethnic-specific associations are explained by SES, lifestyle factors or waist circumference (WC)...
2018: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758049/user-evaluations-offer-promise-for-pod-intravaginal-ring-as-a-drug-delivery-platform-a-mixed-methods-study-of-acceptability-and-use-experiences
#17
Kate M Guthrie, Rochelle K Rosen, Sara E Vargas, Melissa L Getz, Lauren Dawson, Melissa Guillen, Jaime J Ramirez, Marc M Baum, Kathleen L Vincent
BACKGROUND: Effective HIV prevention requires efficient delivery of safe and efficacious drugs and optimization of user adherence. The user's experiences with the drug, delivery system, and use parameters are critical to product acceptability and adherence. Prevention product developers have the opportunity to directly control a drug delivery system and its impact on acceptability and adherence, as well as product efficacy. Involvement of potential users during preclinical design and development can facilitate this process...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757791/barriers-to-implementation-of-long-acting-reversible-contraception-a-systematic-review
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757790/barriers-to-implementation-of-long-acting-reversible-contraception-a-systematic-review
#19
Jessamyn Phillips, Prabjot Sandhu
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) is one of the most effective forms of contraception available. The utilization of LARC remains low despite being recommended by major health organizations such as Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, American Academy of Pediatrics, American Academy of Family Physicians, and the National Committee for Quality Assurance. Health care professionals play an essential role in the potential increased use of LARC...
April 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756588/toward-a-shared-care-model-of-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis-role-of-the-primary-care-practitioner
#20
Jiwon Oh, Marie-Sarah Gagné-Brosseau, Melanie Guenette, Catherine Larochelle, François Lemieux, Suresh Menon, Sarah A Morrow, Laurence Poliquin-Lasnier, Chantal Roy-Hewitson, Carolina Rush, Anne-Marie Trudelle, Paul S Giacomini
The objective of this study was to develop a shared-care model to enable primary-care physicians to participate more fully in meeting the complex, multidisciplinary healthcare needs of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). DESIGN: The design consisted of development of consensus recommendations and a shared-care algorithm. PARTICIPANTS: A working group of 11 Canadian neurologists involved in the management of patients with MS were included in this study. MAIN MESSAGE: The clinical management of patients with multiple sclerosis is increasing in complexity as new disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) become available, and ongoing safety monitoring is required...
May 2018: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
keyword
keyword
2215
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"