keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Contraception

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334545/bacterial-vaginosis-modifies-the-association-between-hormonal-contraception-and-hiv-acquisition
#1
Lisa Haddad, Kristin M Wall, William Kilembe, Bellington Vwailika, Naw Htee, Ilene Brill, Elwyn Chomba, Amanda Tichacek, Susan Allen
OBJECTIVE: To examine BV as an effect modifier for the association between hormonal contraception (HC) and incident HIV infection DESIGN:: Serodiscordant couples enrolled in an open longitudinal cohort in Lusaka, Zambia from 1994-2012. This analysis was restricted to couples with an HIV-positive man enrolled between1994-2002 when a quarterly genital tract examination and HIV testing was performed. METHODS: Multivariate Cox models evaluated the association between contraceptive method and HIV-acquisition, stratified by time-varying BV status...
January 13, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334191/exogenous-oestrogen-inhibits-genital-transmission-of-cell-associated-hiv-1-in-dmpa-treated-humanized-mice
#2
Nirk E Quispe Calla, Rodolfo D Vicetti Miguel, Melissa E Glick, Jesse J Kwiek, Janelle M Gabriel, Thomas L Cherpes
INTRODUCTION: HIV affects more women than any other life-threatening infectious agent, and most infections are sexually transmitted. HIV must breach the female genital tract mucosal barrier to establish systemic infection, and clinical studies indicate virus more easily evades this barrier in women using depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) and other injectable progestins for contraception. Identifying a potential mechanism for this association, we learned DMPA promotes susceptibility of wild-type mice to genital herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) infection by reducing genital tissue expression of the cell-cell adhesion molecule desmoglein-1 (DSG-1) and increasing genital mucosal permeability...
January 2018: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334037/improvement-in-the-prognosis-of-cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis-over-a-22-year-period
#3
Dustin Anderson, Julie Kromm, Thomas Jeerakathil
BACKGROUND: Cerebral venous thrombosis is a rare cause of stroke, with a number of well-defined risk factors. However, there exist few studies that describe trends in the prognosis of this disease over time. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed on patients diagnosed with cerebral venous thrombosis at the University of Alberta Hospital during two time periods: 1988-1998 (21 patients) and 1999-2009 (40 patients). Signs and symptoms, risk factors, imaging findings, etiologies, treatment modalities, and status at discharge were examined...
January 2018: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333335/recommendations-for-contraception-examining-the-role-of-patients-age-and-race
#4
Amanda Williams, Kasey Kajiwara, Reni Soon, Jennifer Salcedo, Mary Tschann, Jennifer Elia, Kristin Pauker, Bliss Kaneshiro
The literature suggests that women of different races are more or less likely to use certain contraceptive methods and patient race can influence which contraceptive recommendations a provider makes. To explore whether health care providers treat individuals of different races differently, we conducted a preliminary investigation on whether medical students recommended different contraceptive methods for hypothetical patients presenting with the same clinical features who only varied by race. Third- and fourth-year medical students (n=103) at the University of Hawai'i completed an online survey...
January 2018: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330027/selective-estrogen-receptor-modulator-ormeloxifene-suppresses-embryo-implantation-via-inducing-mir-140-and-targeting-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-receptor-in-rat-uterus
#5
Vijay K Sirohi, Kanchan Gupta, Rohit Kumar, Vinay Shukla, Anila Dwivedi
Ormeloxifene, the non-steroidal SERM contraceptive, inhibits endometrial receptivity and embryo implantation via countering nidatory estrogen. However, the molecular mechanism of ormeloxifene action responsible for its contraceptive efficacy still remains unclear. Herein, we aimed to identify the miRNAs modulated under the influence of ormeloxifene and to explore their role in endometrial receptivity and embryo implantation. By doing microRNA sequencing analysis, a total of 168 miRNAs were found to be differentially expressed in uterine tissue of ormeloxifene-treated rats, on day 5 (10:00 h) of pregnancy i...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329988/rethinking-medicaid-coverage-and-payment-policy-to-promote-high-value-care-the-case-of-long-acting-reversible-contraception
#6
Veronica X Vela, Elizabeth W Patton, Darshak Sanghavi, Susan F Wood, Peter Shin, Sara Rosenbaum
CONTEXT: Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) is the most effective reversible method to prevent unplanned pregnancies. Variability in state-level policies and the high cost of LARC could create substantial inconsistencies in Medicaid coverage, despite federal guidance aimed at enhancing broad access. This study surveyed state Medicaid payment policies and outreach activities related to LARC to explore the scope of services covered. METHODS: Using publicly available information, we performed a content analysis of state Medicaid family planning and LARC payment policies...
January 9, 2018: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329962/reported-contraceptive-use-in-the-month-of-becoming-pregnant-among-u-s-abortion-patients-in-2000-and-2014
#7
Rachel K Jones
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether types of contraceptive methods used by abortion patients in the month they became pregnant changed between 2000 and 2014. STUDY DESIGN: We used secondary data from the 2000 (n=10,015) and 2014 (8177) Abortion Patient Surveys. Patients were asked which contraceptive methods they had last used and when they had stopped or if they were still using them. The main outcome variable was type of contraceptive method used in the month the pregnancy began...
January 9, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329494/contraceptive-use-over-five-years-after-receipt-or-denial-of-abortion-services
#8
Heidi Moseson, Diana Greene Foster, Ushma D Upadhyay, Eric Vittinghoff, Corinne H Rocca
CONTEXT: Nonuse and inconsistent use of contraceptives contribute to a high incidence of unintended pregnancy and abortion among U.S. women. Little is known, however, about how these outcomes shape women's subsequent contraceptive use and unintended pregnancy risk. METHODS: Contraceptive use was examined among 880 participants in the Turnaway Study, a five-year longitudinal study of women who sought abortions at 30 U.S. facilities in 2008-2010. Multivariable mixed-effects logistic and multinomial regression models assessed differences in use by whether women received the abortion; results were used to calculate predicted percentages of women using each method...
January 12, 2018: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329104/contraception-usage-among-young-adult-men-of-a-nigerian-university
#9
Kola Musliudin Owonikoko, Folasade Oyindamola Oyelade, Oluwaseyi Felix Oke, Adewale Samson Adeyemi
Background Family planning services recognize reproductive health as the joint responsibility of both men and women. Efforts need to be shifted to men's own sexual health in order to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) for reduction of maternal mortality and HIV transmission. Aims To determine the methods of contraception used by young adult men and factors that influence their choice of contraceptive. Methodology A cross-sectional descriptive study was done using structured questionnaires to extract relevant information from consented young male adult between ages of 16 and 24 years of Ladoke Akintola University of Technology (LAUTECH), Ogbomoso, Nigeria...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328511/stigma-and-unmet-sexual-and-reproductive-health-needs-among-international-migrant-sex-workers-at-the-mexico-guatemala-border
#10
Teresita Rocha-Jiménez, Sonia Morales-Miranda, Carmen Fernández-Casanueva, Kimberly Brouwer, Shira M Goldenberg
OBJECTIVE: To explore international migrant sex workers' experiences and narratives pertaining to the unmet need for and access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) at the Mexico-Guatemala border. METHODS: An inductive qualitative analysis was conducted based on ethnographic fieldwork (2012-2015) including participant observation and audio-recorded in-depth interviews. The participants were female sex workers aged 18 years or older and international migrants working at the Mexico-Guatemala border...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327114/anthropometric-characteristics-and-ovarian-cancer-risk-and-survival
#11
Albina N Minlikeeva, Kirsten B Moysich, Paul C Mayor, John L Etter, Rikki A Cannioto, Roberta B Ness, Kristen Starbuck, Robert P Edwards, Brahm H Segal, Sashikant Lele, Kunle Odunsi, Brenda Diergaarde, Francesmary Modugno
PURPOSE: Multiple studies have examined the role of anthropometric characteristics in ovarian cancer risk and survival; however, their results have been conflicting. We investigated the associations between weight change, height and height change and risk and outcome of ovarian cancer using data from a large population-based case-control study. METHODS: Data from 699 ovarian cancer cases and 1,802 controls who participated in the HOPE study were included. We used unconditional logistic regression adjusted for age, race, number of pregnancies, use of oral contraceptives, and family history of breast or ovarian cancer to examine the associations between self-reported height and weight and height change with ovarian cancer risk...
January 11, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326184/assessing-the-effectiveness-of-a-patient-centred-computer-based-clinic-intervention-health-e-you-salud-itu-to-reduce-health-disparities-in-unintended-pregnancies-among-hispanic-adolescents-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-control-trial
#12
Kathleen P Tebb, Felicia Rodriguez, Lance M Pollack, Sang Leng Trieu, Loris Hwang, Maryjane Puffer, Sally Adams, Elizabeth M Ozer, Claire D Brindis
INTRODUCTION: Teen pregnancy rates in the USA remain higher than any other industrialised nation, and pregnancies among Hispanic adolescents are disproportionately high. Computer-based interventions represent a promising approach to address sexual health and contraceptive use disparities. Preliminary findings have demonstrated that the Health-E You/Salud iTu, computer application (app) is feasible to implement, acceptable to Latina adolescents and improves sexual health knowledge and interest in selecting an effective contraceptive method when used in conjunction with a healthcare visit...
January 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326036/exploring-young-mothers-experiences-with-postpartum-contraception-in-ottawa-results-from-a-multi-methods-qualitative-study
#13
Elyse Fortier, Angel M Foster
OBJECTIVES: Postpartum contraception plays a significant role in reducing subsequent pregnancy. However, young mothers in Ottawa, the capital of Canada, face various barriers when trying to access contraception after delivery. Through this project we aimed to explore these barriers and understand the decision-making processes of young mothers surrounding postpartum contraception. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted 10 semi-structured in-depth interviews with young mothers living in Ottawa who had experienced a subsequent pregnancy within 24 months of their first childbirth...
January 8, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323604/preconception-health-indicators-for-public-health-surveillance
#14
Cheryl L Robbins, Denise D'Angelo, Lauren Zapata, Sheree L Boulet, Andrea J Sharma, Alys Adamski, Jennifer Farfalla, Caroline Stampfel, Sarah Verbiest, Charlan Kroelinger
OBJECTIVES: In response to an expressed need for more focused measurement of preconception health (PCH), we identify a condensed set of PCH indicators for state and national surveillance. METHODS: We used a systematic process to evaluate, prioritize, and select 10 PCH indicators that maternal and child health programs can use for surveillance. For each indicator, we assessed prevalence, whether it was addressed by professional recommendations, Healthy People 2020 objectives, or Centers for Disease Control and Prevention winnable battles, measurement simplicity, data completeness, and stakeholders' input...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323577/ongoing-or-previous-mental-disorders-predispose-to-adverse-mood-reporting-during-combined-oral-contraceptive-use
#15
Hanna Bengtsdotter, Cecilia Lundin, Kristina Gemzell Danielsson, Marie Bixo, Juliane Baumgart, Lena Marions, Jan Brynhildsen, Agota Malmborg, Ingela Lindh, Inger Sundström Poromaa
PURPOSE: Previous studies have emphasised that women with pre-existing mood disorders are more inclined to discontinue hormonal contraceptive use. However, few studies have examined the effects of combined oral contraceptives (COC) on mood in women with previous or ongoing mental disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a supplementary analysis of an investigator-initiated, double-blinded, randomised clinical trial during which 202 women were treated with either a COC (1...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323574/authors-reply-to-letter-to-the-editor-lidocaine-gel-vs-lidocaine-spray-in-reducing-pain-during-insertion-of-the-intrauterine-contraceptive-device
#16
Haitham Torky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323559/reply-to-letter-to-editor-regarding-risk-of-bacterial-vaginosis-trichomonas-vaginalis-and-candida-albicans-infection-among-new-users-of-combined-hormonal-contraception-compared-to-levonorgestrel-releasing-intrauterine-system
#17
Mohamed Rezk, Tarek Sayyed, Alaa Masood, Ragab Dawood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322814/contraceptive-counselling-and-care-a-personalized-interactive-approach
#18
Johannes Bitzer, Victor Marin, Josefina Lira
AIM: Various studies have shown deficiencies and gaps in contraceptive counselling and care (CCC) in Europe as well as globally. These deficiencies include the lack of personalized communication integrating the individual woman's needs and her biopsychosocial profile into the interaction with the Health Care Professional (HCP). OBJECTIVE: Based on the standards summarized in the literature and based on the concept of interactive shared decision, we developed a structured approach as a proposal for CCC...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322301/effects-of-short-term-dhea-intake-on-hormonal-responses-in-young-recreationally-trained-athletes-modulation-by-gender
#19
Katia Collomp, Corinne Buisson, Nicolas Gravisse, Soraya Belgherbi, Zakaria Labsy, Manh-Cuong Do, Olivier Gagey, Sophie Dufay, Nancy Vibarel-Rebot, Michel Audran
BACKGROUND: Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) figures on the World Anti-Doping Agency list of prohibited substances in sport because it is assumed that athletes expect a significant increase in testosterone through DHEA administration. The literature on the hormonal effects of DHEA intake nevertheless appears to be very scant in healthy young subjects, especially women. PURPOSE: We examined the effects of DHEA on adrenal and gonadal hormones, IGF1 and free T3 in healthy young male and female recreationally trained volunteers...
January 10, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319398/sexual-health-issues-for-the-young-adult-with-cancer-an-international-symposium-held-during-the-first-global-adolescents-and-young-adults-cancer-congress-edinburgh-united-kingdom
#20
Laura Mitchell, Jeremy Lewin, Julia Dirks, Kate Wang, Seline Tam, Anne Katz, Beth McCann, Kirk Lo, Valerie Laurence, Christine Rousset-Jablonski, Abha A Gupta
Sexual health is an important consideration for young adults with cancer; however, oncology healthcare providers are often not equipped with strategies to approach these problems in a systematic way. To address this gap in adolescents and young adults (AYA) care, a one-day international Sexual Health Symposium was held before the Global AYA Cancer Congress (Edinburgh, December 2016). The goals of the symposium were to (1) provide a forum, where international AYA experts had the opportunity to share their knowledge regarding AYA sexual health and (2) develop a guideline for healthcare professionals to screen for and intervene on sexual health issues...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
keyword
keyword
2215
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"