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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812455/prognostic-factors-for-change-in-self-reported-anxiety-and-depression-in-spondyloarthritis-patients-data-from-the-population-based-spascania-cohort-from-southern-sweden
#1
Jjl Meesters, S Bergman, E Haglund, Lth Jacobsson, I F Petersson, A Bremander
OBJECTIVES: Anxiety and depression symptoms are more common in patients with spondyloarthritis (SpA) than in the general population. This study describes prognostic factors for change in self-reported anxiety and depression over 2 years in a well-defined SpA cohort. METHOD: In 2009, 3716 adult patients from the SpAScania cohort received a postal questionnaire to assess quality of life (QoL) and physical and mental functioning. A follow-up survey was performed in 2011...
August 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811917/drug-information-update-lithium-and-chronic-kidney-disease-debates-and-dilemmas
#2
Sumeet Gupta, Udayan Khastgir
Lithium is an established treatment for bipolar disorder and an augmenting agent for treatment-resistant depression. Despite awareness of renal adverse effects, including chronic kidney disease, for the past five decades, there has been a lack of research evidence. This has led to debates around the existence and magnitude of the risk. This article discusses the current evidence base regarding the link between lithium and chronic kidney disease, monitoring of renal functions and its clinical implications.
August 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811079/neuroleptic-free-youth-at-ultrahigh-risk-for-psychosis-evidence-diminished-emotion-reactivity-that-is-predicted-by-depression-and-anxiety
#3
June Gruber, Gregory P Strauss, Laure Dombrecht, Vijay A Mittal
Although abnormalities in emotional response have long been considered a core feature of the chronic phase of schizophrenia, few investigations have examined emotional response in individuals at ultrahigh-risk (UHR) for psychosis. We investigated whether neuroleptic-free UHR (n=29) and healthy control (n=32) participants differed in emotional reactivity and emotion regulation on a laboratory-based task that required reporting levels of positive and negative affect to pleasant, unpleasant, and neutral stimuli...
August 12, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811048/receipt-of-nephrology-care-and-clinical-outcomes-among-veterans-with-advanced-ckd
#4
Enrica Fung, Tara I Chang, Glenn M Chertow, I-Chun Thomas, Steven M Asch, Manjula Kurella Tamura
BACKGROUND: Clinical practice guidelines recommend referral to nephrology when estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) decreases to <30mL/min/1.73m(2); however, evidence for benefits of nephrology care are mixed. STUDY DESIGN: Observational cohort using landmark analysis. SETTINGS & PARTICIPANTS: A national cohort of veterans with advanced chronic kidney disease, defined as an outpatient eGFR≤30mL/min/1.73m(2) for January 1, 2010, through December 31, 2010, and a prior eGFR<60mL/min/1...
August 12, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810562/anti-depressant-like-effects-of-jieyu-chufan-capsules-in-a-mouse-model-of-unpredictable-chronic-mild-stress
#5
Hui Zhao, Bingyu Liang, Linjie Yu, Yun Xu
Jieyu chufan (JYCF) is a well-known Chinese traditional medicine used for depression; however, the molecular mechanism underlying its anti-depressant action has remained elusive. In the present study, the anti-depressant effects of JYCF and the potential mechanisms were investigated in a mouse model. Five groups of 12 C57BL/6 mice each were used in the study, including a normal control group (NC group), a model control group (MC group) and three groups, which received different doses of JYCF (1.25, 2.5 and 5 g/kg) orally for 21 days (JYCF groups)...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810458/cognitive-and-behavioral-coping-in-people-with-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-an-exploratory-study-searching-for-intervention-targets-for-depressive-symptoms
#6
Vivian Kraaij, Janneke Bik, Nadia Garnefski
The aim of the study was to find relevant coping factors for the development of psychological interventions for people with chronic fatigue syndrome who suffer from depressive symptoms. A total of 30 adults with chronic fatigue syndrome filled in the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire, the COPE and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. The findings suggested that cognitive coping strategies have a stronger influence than behavioral coping strategies on depressive symptoms. Especially, the cognitive coping strategies refocusing positive, positive reappraisal and catastrophizing were of importance...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810430/exploring-changes-in-distress-among-individuals-with-bleeding-disorders-what-is-linked-to-improvements-in-distress
#7
Vaughn Barry, Mary Ellen Lynch, Duc Q Tran, Ana Antun, Anthony DeBalsi, Denise Hicks, Francie Lasseter, Shanna Mattis, Maria Ja Ribeiro, Sidney F Stein, Christine L Kempton
Adults with chronic bleeding disorders report high distress, but it is unclear how distress varies over time. Patients rated their distress on a 10-point scale at two clinic visits. Of 83 patients, roughly one-quarter reported consistent no/low distress (29%), one-quarter reported consistent distress (22%), and half (49%) reported a change in distress of at least two points. Overall activity levels, depressive symptoms, and non-White race were significantly associated with worsening and consistent distress in adjusted analyses while improvements in activity levels and depressive symptoms during the study period were associated with distress improvement...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809993/adalimumab-in-chronic-plaque-psoriasis-a-clinical-guide
#8
Jashin J Wu, W C Valdecantos
<p>Psoriasis is a common, inflammatory disease that manifests itself as lesions on the skin, which greatly impacts the physical and psychological wellbeing of those affected. The current goal of treatment in psoriasis is to improve the signs and symptoms of disease, whilst minimizing the burden of disease on patient health-related quality of life. Psoriasis can also be associated with other comorbidities such as joint disease, cardiovascular disease, and depression, which can add to the complexity of treatment...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809934/long-term-exposure-to-air-pollution-and-the-incidence-of-parkinson-s-disease-a-nested-case-control-study
#9
Chiu-Ying Chen, Hui-Jung Hung, Kuang-Hsi Chang, Chung Y Hsu, Chih-Hsin Muo, Chon-Haw Tsai, Trong-Neng Wu
BACKGROUND: Previous studies revealed that chronic exposure to air pollution can significantly increase the risk of the development of Parkinson's disease (PD), but this relationship is inconclusive as large-scale prospective studies are limited and the results are inconsistent. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to ascertain the adverse health effects of air pollution exposure in a nationwide population using a longitudinal approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a nested case-control study using the National Health Insurance Research Dataset (NHIRD), which consisted of 1,000,000 beneficiaries in the National Health Insurance Program (NHI) in the year 2000 and their medical records from 1995 to 2013 and using public data on air pollution concentrations from monitoring stations across Taiwan released from the Environmental Protection Administration to identify people with ages ≥ 40 years living in areas with monitoring stations during 1995-1999 as study subjects...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809070/ambivalence-and-guilt-feelings-two-relevant-variables-for-understanding-caregivers-depressive-symptomatology
#10
Andrés Losada, María Márquez-González, Carlos Vara-García, Laura Gallego-Alberto, Rosa Romero-Moreno, Karl Pillemer
Providing care for a relative with dementia is considered to be a chronic stressor that has been linked to negative mental health consequences for caregivers. A theoretical model was developed and tested to assess the degree to which ambivalence and guilt feelings contribute to caregivers' depressive symptomatology. Participants included 212 dementia family caregivers. In addition to ambivalence and guilt feelings, sociodemographic characteristics, behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia, and depressive symptomatology were assessed...
August 14, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807845/1-hz-rtms-in-the-treatment-of-tinnitus-a-sham-controlled-randomized-multicenter-trial
#11
Michael Landgrebe, Göran Hajak, Stefan Wolf, Frank Padberg, Philipp Klupp, Andreas J Fallgatter, Thomas Polak, Jacqueline Höppner, Rene Haker, Joachim Cordes, Thomas Klenzner, Carlos Schönfeldt-Lecuona, Thomas Kammer, Erika Graf, Michael Koller, Tobias Kleinjung, Astrid Lehner, Martin Schecklmann, Timm B Pöppl, Peter Kreuzer, Elmar Frank, Berthold Langguth
BACKGROUND: Chronic tinnitus is a frequent, difficult to treat disease with high morbidity. OBJECTIVE: This multicenter randomized, sham-controlled trial investigated the efficacy and safety of 1-Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) applied to the left temporal cortex in patients with chronic tinnitus. METHODS: Tinnitus patients were randomized to receive 10 sessions of either real or sham 1-Hz-rTMS (2000 stimuli, 110% motor threshold) to the left temporal cortex...
August 5, 2017: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807619/neuroplasticity-related-mechanisms-underlying-the-antidepressant-like-effects-of%C3%A2-traditional-herbal-medicines
#12
REVIEW
Yafit Hirshler, Ravid Doron
Traditional herbal medicine can offer efficacious and safe alternative pharmacotherapies for depression. The ability of an herbal medicine to produce neuroadaptive processes, that enhance neuroplasticity and cellular resilience in response to chronic stress, may point to its antidepressant potential. We suggest that among many investigated herbal medicines, those that can enhance neuroplasticity may have stronger therapeutic potential. The current article presents a summary of traditional herbal medicines, which are thought to exert antidepressant-like effects in chronic stress models via neuroplasticity enhancement...
August 11, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807133/the-tense-the-hostile-and-the-distressed-multidimensional-psychosocial-risk-profiles-based-on-the-esc-interview-in-coronary-artery-disease-patients-the-thoresci-study
#13
Eveline van Montfort, Johan Denollet, Jeroen K Vermunt, Jos Widdershoven, Nina Kupper
BACKGROUND: While single psychosocial factors have been associated with cardiovascular outcomes, it is still unclear how they cluster. Therefore, we examined whether latent multidimensional psychosocial risk profiles could be identified in the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) psychosocial screening interview. Additionally we examined whether these profiles were associated with specific sociodemographic, clinical, and psychosocial characteristics. METHOD: 681 coronary artery disease patients (age=64...
July 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806930/factors-associated-with-change-in-objectively-measured-physical-activity-in-older-people-data-from-the-physical-activity-cohort-scotland-study
#14
Clare L Clarke, Falko F Sniehotta, Thenmalar Vadiveloo, Ishbel S Argo, Peter T Donnan, Marion E T McMurdo, Miles D Witham
BACKGROUND: Cross-sectional relationships between physical activity and health have been explored extensively, but less is known about how physical activity changes with time in older people. The aim of this study was to assess baseline predictors of how objectively measured physical activity changes with time in older people. METHODS: Longitudinal cohort study using data from the Physical Activity Cohort Scotland. A sample of community-dwelling older people aged 65 and over were recruited in 2009-2011, then followed up 2-3 years later...
August 14, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805539/protective-effect-of-regular-physical-activity-on-major-depressive-episodes-in-patients-with-early-stages-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#15
Fu-Xiang Zhu, Xiang-Yang Zhang, Xiao-Kai Ding, Bin Han
Previous studies have demonstrated an association between physical activity (PA) and depression in diverse population. The purpose of our study is to examine if PA within the recommended level over time is associated with major depressive episode (MDE) in patients with early stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Mainland China. Patients with stages 2-5 CKD not receiving dialysis were enrolled from a nephrology outpatient clinic between May 2014 and February 2016. Based on the patterns of PA over time, all patients were divided into four groups: persistently active, from inactive to active, from active to inactive, and persistently inactive...
November 2017: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805481/a-comparison-of-quality-of-sleep-between-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-not-on-hemodialysis-and-end-stage-renal-disease-on-hemodialysis-in-a-developing-country
#16
Salman T Shafi, Tahir Shafi
Few studies have compared quality of sleep between pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease (pre-dialysis CKD) patients and end-stage renal disease patients on dialysis (ESRD) and have found inconsistent results. Objective of this study is to compare quality of sleep between patients with pre-dialysis CKD and ESRD in a developing country. This study was conducted in an out-patient department and hemodialysis unit of a tertiary care facility. Patients included had either pre-dialysis CKD or ESRD. Assessment of quality of sleep was done using Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI)...
November 2017: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805272/clinical-phenotype-of-south-east-asian-temporomandibular-disorder-patients-with-upper-airway-resistance-syndrome
#17
David K L Tay, Kenny P Pang
OBJECTIVE: To document the clinical phenotype of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) patients with concomitant upper airway resistance syndrome (UARS) in a South East Asian population. STUDY DESIGN: A multi-center prospective series of 86 TMD patients (26 men and 60 women / mean age 35.7 years) with UARS. All had excessive daytime sleepiness, high arousal index and apnea-hypopnea index (AHI)<5 RESULTS: The mean body mass index was 20.1, mean arousal index 16.2, mean respiratory disturbance index 19...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805198/severe-reversible-hypocalcemic-cardiomyopathy-diagnosed-36-years-after-subtotal-thyroidectomy-a-case-report
#18
Waldemar Elikowski, Małgorzata Małek-Elikowska, Patrycja Lachowska-Kotowska
Chronic hypocalcemia, irrespectively of its etiology, can lead to severe impairment of the left ventricular (LV) contractility manifesting as dilated cardiomyopathy, usually defined as hypocalcemic cardiomyopathy (hypocaCM). This rarely diagnosed type of heart failure (HF), can be completely reversible, when treated properly with calcium and vitamin D supplementation or, in some subjects, with human recombinant parathormone. A CASE REPORT: The authors present a case of a 60-year-old male admitted with advanced pulmonary congestion, recurrent pulmonary edema and pleural effusion...
July 21, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804399/care-service-use-in-2-years-preceding-suicide-among-older-adults-comparison-with-those-who-died-a-natural-death-and-those-who-lived-longer
#19
Leena Forma, Mari Aaltonen, Jutta Pulkki, Jani Raitanen, Pekka Rissanen, Marja Jylhä
The aim of the study is (1) to describe and analyse health and social service use and medicine purchases in the last 2 years of life among older adults who died by suicide and (2) to compare use and purchases between three groups: those who died by suicide, died a natural death or who lived longer. Nation-wide Finnish register data were used. The data consist of 316,639 decedents who died at the age of 70 years or older in 1998-2008 and 222,967 people who lived longer. Use of hospital, long-term care and home care, and the purchase of prescribed psychotropic medications were studied for the 2-year period...
June 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803957/a-standardization-of-the-novelty-suppressed-feeding-test-protocol-in-rats
#20
Arantxa Blasco-Serra, Eva M González-Soler, Ana Cervera-Ferri, Vicent Teruel-Martí, Alfonso A Valverde-Navarro
Tests based on hyponeophagia phenomena are the most widely used to check the efficacy and efficiency of new-generation chronic antidepressant treatments. Even so, these tests lack strict consensus about their methodology, which reduces their validity, reproducibility and makes translatability difficult. Therefore, after an extensive literature review on this subject, we propose a methodological protocol for the Novelty-Suppressed Feeding Test to normalize this situation. Animals were induced to a reserpine-induced depression model and were then chronically treated with duloxetine, desvenlafaxine or vehicle...
August 10, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
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