keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

cognitive behavioral analysis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453890/less-is-more-patient-level-meta-analysis-reveals-paradoxical-dose-response-effects-of-a-computer-based-social-anxiety-intervention-targeting-attentional-bias
#1
REVIEW
Rebecca B Price, Jennie M Kuckertz, Nader Amir, Yair Bar-Haim, Per Carlbring, Meredith L Wallace
BACKGROUND: The past decade of research has seen considerable interest in computer-based approaches designed to directly target cognitive mechanisms of anxiety, such as attention bias modification (ABM). METHODS: By pooling patient-level datasets from randomized controlled trials of ABM that utilized a dot-probe training procedure, we assessed the impact of training "dose" on relevant outcomes among a pooled sample of 693 socially anxious adults. RESULTS: A paradoxical effect of the number of training trials administered was observed for both posttraining social anxiety symptoms and behavioral attentional bias (AB) toward threat (the target mechanism of ABM)...
April 28, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448374/characteristics-and-correlates-of-caregivers-perceptions-of-their-family-members-memory-loss
#2
Hairong Yu, Jennifer H Lingler, Susan M Sereika, Judith A Erlen
BACKGROUND: Understanding caregiver's perceptions of their family member's memory loss is a necessary step in planning nursing interventions to detect and address caregiver burden. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to characterize caregivers' perceptions of their family members' memory loss and identify potential correlates within Leventhal's common sense model (CSM). METHODS: This secondary analysis used baseline data from a larger randomized controlled trial...
May 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447811/likelihood-based-parameter-estimation-and-comparison-of-dynamical-cognitive-models
#3
Heiko H Schütt, Lars O M Rothkegel, Hans A Trukenbrod, Sebastian Reich, Felix A Wichmann, Ralf Engbert
Dynamical models of cognition play an increasingly important role in driving theoretical and experimental research in psychology. Therefore, parameter estimation, model analysis and comparison of dynamical models are of essential importance. In this article, we propose a maximum likelihood approach for model analysis in a fully dynamical framework that includes time-ordered experimental data. Our methods can be applied to dynamical models for the prediction of discrete behavior (e.g., movement onsets); in particular, we use a dynamical model of saccade generation in scene viewing as a case study for our approach...
April 27, 2017: Psychological Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446209/antipsychotic-prescribing-for-alzheimer-s-disease-and-related-disorders-in-specialized-settings-from-2010-to-2014-in-france-a-repeated-cross-sectional-study
#4
Karim Tifratene, Valeria Manera, Roxane Fabre, Auriane Gros, Susanne Thummler, Christian Pradier, Philippe Robert, Renaud David
BACKGROUND: Safety warnings from health authorities are currently intended to limit the use of antipsychotics (APs) in dementia-related conditions to treat neuropsychiatric symptoms, such as disturbing and/or delusional behaviors. The aim of this study is to investigate prevalence, correlates and trends of AP prescribing among people with dementia between 2010 and 2014 in the French population. METHODS: AP prescribing and associated factors among individuals with AD, mixed dementia and vascular dementia in the French National Alzheimer Database between 2010 and 2014 were analyzed using multivariate generalized estimating equations models (n = 199,549)...
April 26, 2017: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445551/pattern-classification-of-eeg-signals-reveals-perceptual-and-attentional-states
#5
Alexandra List, Monica D Rosenberg, Aleksandra Sherman, Michael Esterman
Pattern classification techniques have been widely used to differentiate neural activity associated with different perceptual, attentional, or other cognitive states, often using fMRI, but more recently with EEG as well. Although these methods have identified EEG patterns (i.e., scalp topographies of EEG signals occurring at certain latencies) that decode perceptual and attentional states on a trial-by-trial basis, they have yet to be applied to the spatial scope of attention toward global or local features of the display...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445261/behavior-characteristics-of-the-attention-network-of-military-personnel-with-high-and-low-trait-anxiety
#6
Yu Pan, Wenpeng Cai, Wei Dong, Jie Xiao, Jin Yan, Qi Cheng
Converging evidence reveals significant increase in both state anxiety and trait anxiety during the past 2 decades among military servicemen and servicewomen in China. In the present study, we employed the Chinese version of the State-trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) to examine trait and state anxiety in Chinese military servicemen and servicewomen. We further evaluated orienting, alerting and execution inhibition using the attention network test.Healthy military servicemen and servicewomen were recruited for the present study...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444949/voxel-based-morphometry-meta-analysis-of-gray-and-white-matter-finds-significant-areas-of-differences-in-bipolar-patients-from-healthy-controls
#7
REVIEW
Rossana Ganzola, Simon Duchesne
OBJECTIVE: We present a retrospective meta-analysis of voxel-based morphometry (VBM) of gray (GM) and white matter (WM) differences between patients with bipolar disorder (BD) and behaviorally healthy controls. METHODS: We used the activation likelihood estimation and Sleuth software for our meta-analysis, considering P-value maps at the cluster level inference of .05 with uncorrected P<.001. Results were visualized with the software MANGO. RESULTS: We included twenty-five articles in the analysis, and separated the comparisons where BD patients had lower GM or WM concentrations than controls (573 subjects, 21 experiments, and 117 locations/180 subjects, five experiments, and 15 locations, respectively) and the comparisons where BD patients had greater GM concentrations than controls (217 subjects, nine experiments, and 49 locations)...
April 26, 2017: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443051/social-behavior-of-pet-dogs-is-associated-with-peripheral-oxtr-methylation
#8
Giulia Cimarelli, Zsófia Virányi, Borbála Turcsán, Zsolt Rónai, Mária Sasvári-Székely, Zsófia Bánlaki
Oxytocin is a key modulator of emotional processing and social cognitive function. In line with this, polymorphisms of genes involved in oxytocin signaling, like the oxytocin receptor (OXTR) gene, are known to influence social behavior in various species. However, to date, no study has investigated environmental factors possibly influencing the epigenetic variation of the OXTR gene and its behavioral effects in dogs. Pet dogs form individualized and strong relationships with their owners who are central figures in the social environment of their dogs and therefore might influence the methylation levels of their OXTR gene...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443016/genetics-of-aggression-in-alzheimer-s-disease-ad
#9
Walter J Lukiw, Evgeny I Rogaev
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a terminal, age-related neurological syndrome exhibiting progressive cognitive and memory decline, however AD patients in addition exhibit ancillary neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPSs) and these include aggression. In this communication we provide recent evidence for the mis-regulation of a small family of genes expressed in the human hippocampus that appear to be significantly involved in expression patterns common to both AD and aggression. DNA array- and mRNA transcriptome-based gene expression analysis and candidate gene association and/or genome-wide association studies (CGAS, GWAS) of aggressive attributes in humans have revealed a surprisingly small subset of six brain genes that are also strongly associated with altered gene expression patterns in AD...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442403/the-correlation-between-central-and-peripheral-oxytocin-concentrations-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Mathias Valstad, Gail A Alvares, Maiken Egknud, Anna Maria Matziorinis, Ole A Andreassen, Lars T Westlye, Daniel S Quintana
There is growing interest in the role of the oxytocin system in social cognition and behavior. Peripheral oxytocin concentrations are regularly used to approximate central concentrations in psychiatric research, however, the validity of this approach is unclear. Here we conducted a pre-registered systematic search and meta-analysis of correlations between central and peripheral oxytocin concentrations. A search of databases yielded 17 eligible studies, resulting in a total sample size of 516 participants and subjects...
April 22, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440699/effect-of-treatments-for-depression-on-quality-of-life-a-meta-analysis
#11
Stefan G Hofmann, Joshua Curtiss, Joseph K Carpenter, Shelley Kind
Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the two first-line treatments for depression, but little is known about their effects on quality of life (QOL). A meta-analysis was conducted to examine changes in QOL in adults with major depressive disorder who received CBT (24 studies examining 1969 patients) or SSRI treatment (13 studies examining 4286 patients) for their depression. Moderate improvements in QOL from pre to post-treatment were observed in both CBT (Hedges' g = ...
June 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439231/informing-the-structure-of-executive-function-in-children-a-meta-analysis-of-functional-neuroimaging-data
#12
Róisín McKenna, T Rushe, Kate A Woodcock
The structure of executive function (EF) has been the focus of much debate for decades. What is more, the complexity and diversity provided by the developmental period only adds to this contention. The development of executive function plays an integral part in the expression of children's behavioral, cognitive, social, and emotional capabilities. Understanding how these processes are constructed during development allows for effective measurement of EF in this population. This meta-analysis aims to contribute to a better understanding of the structure of executive function in children...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438439/in-ear-medical-devices-for-acoustic-therapies-in-tinnitus-treatments-state-of-the-art
#13
REVIEW
David Ibarra, Francisco Tavira-Sanchez, Manuel Recuero-Lopez, Brian W Anthony
Cochrane reviews indicate there is very limited support for all forms of sound therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy has the strongest support. American Academy of Otolaryngology (AAO) recently published some guidelines which recommends Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for tinnitus intervention, and only indicates that sound therapy should be considered an "option" for intervention. Nevertheless, acoustic therapy could lead to cause changes in the tinnitus perception and has been appreciated by the affected people for years...
April 21, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438208/amelioration-of-amyloid-%C3%AE-induced-deficits-by-dcr3-in-an-alzheimer-s-disease-model
#14
Yi-Ling Liu, Wei-Ting Chen, Yu-Yi Lin, Po-Hung Lu, Shie-Liang Hsieh, Irene Han-Juo Cheng
BACKGROUND: Microglia mediate amyloid-beta peptide (Aβ)-induced neuroinflammation, which is one of the key events in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Decoy receptor 3 (DcR3)/TNFRSF6B is a pleiotropic immunomodulator that promotes macrophage differentiation toward the M2 anti-inflammatory phenotype. Based on its role as an immunosupressor, we examined whether DcR3 could alleviate neuroinflammation and AD-like deficits in the central nervous system. METHOD: We crossed human APP transgenic mice (line J20) with human DcR3 transgenic mice to generate wild-type, APP, DcR3, and APP/DcR3 mice for pathological analysis...
April 24, 2017: Molecular Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436837/passive-bci-in-operational-environments-insights-recent-advances-and-future-trends
#15
Pietro Arico, Gianluca Borghini, Gianluca Di Flumeri, Nicolina Sciaraffa, Alfredo Colosimo, Fabio Babiloni
OBJECTIVE: this mini-review aims to highlight recent important aspects to consider and evaluate when passive Brain-Computer Interface (pBCI) systems would be developed and used in operational environments, and remarks future directions of their applications. METHODS: Electroencephalography (EEG)-based pBCI has become an important tool for real-time analysis of brain activity, since it could potentially provide, covertly - without distracting the user from the main task - and objectively - not affected by the subjective judgement of an observer or the user itself - information about the operator cognitive state...
April 17, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436269/an-evaluation-of-single-case-reading-intervention-study-quality-for-students-with-and-at-risk-for-emotional-and-behavioral-disorders
#16
John William McKenna, Min Kyung Kim, Mikyung Shin, Kathleen Pfannenstiel
Researchers have noted the lack of research to guide reading practice for students with and at risk for emotional and behavioral disorders (EBD). Although comprehensive syntheses have identified promising practices and areas for future research, none have evaluated the rigor of studies according to quality indicators. The current study evaluated the extant single-case reading intervention research for this student population according to the What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) standards. Thirty studies met article selection criteria, 20 (66...
April 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436192/predictors-of-non-pharmacological-intervention-effect-on-cognitive-function-and-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-of-older-people-with-dementia
#17
Ting-Jung Hsu, Hui-Te Tsai, An-Chun Hwang, Liang-Yu Chen, Liang-Kung Chen
AIM: Our previous work showed that non-pharmacological interventions could effectively reduce the severity of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD), while the factors influencing the effect of intervention were less explored. Therefore, the main purpose of the present study was to investigate the predictors of the non-pharmacological intervention effect for old veterans with dementia and BPSD. METHODS: A total of 141 old veterans with dementia living in two veterans' homes in northern Taiwan were recruited...
April 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434642/-late-life-depression-or-prodromal-alzheimer-s-disease-which-tools-for-the-differential-diagnosis
#18
A-I Gasser, V Salamin, S Zumbach
INTRODUCTION: Depression and Alzheimer's disease are both very frequent in elderly people. Cognitive deficits are the hallmark of Alzheimer's disease, but they are also common in depressed elderly people who often present cognitive deficits such as memory, attention and executive function problems. On the other hand, people with early Alzheimer's disease demonstrate emotional and behavioral disorders generally encountered in depression such as loss of energy, apathy, mood disorder, and irritability...
April 20, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434163/biomarkers-of-epileptogenesis-the-focus-on-glia-and-cognitive-dysfunctions
#19
Annamaria Vezzani, Rosaria Pascente, Teresa Ravizza
The need to find measures that reliably predict the onset of epilepsy after injurious events or how the patient will respond to anti-seizure drugs led to intensive pre-clinical and clinical research to discover non-invasive biomarkers that could increase the sensitivity of existing clinical indicators. The use of experimental models of epileptogenesis and of drug-resistance is instrumental to select the most promising approaches to explore such biomarkers in the pre-clinical setting for further clinical validation...
April 22, 2017: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433892/longitudinal-associations-between-the-use-of-sexually-explicit-material-and-adolescents-attitudes-and-behaviors-a-narrative-review-of-studies
#20
Goran Koletić
This review analyzed longitudinal studies examining the effects of sexually explicit material on adolescents' attitudes, beliefs and behaviors. The review also aimed to provide an analysis of the limitations of the existing studies, as well as recommendations for future research. To be included, publications had to employ repeated measurements, include a measure of sexually explicit material use and participants aged 18 years or under. A total of 20 papers from nine different research projects were reviewed...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
keyword
keyword
22147
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"