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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436865/video-anomaly-detection-with-compact-feature-sets-for-online-performance
#1
Roberto Leyva, Victor Sanchez, Chang-Tsun Li
Over the past decade, video anomaly detection has been explored with remarkable results. However, research on methodologies suitable for online performance is still very limited. In this paper, we present an online framework for video anomaly detection. The key aspect of our framework is a compact set of highly descriptive features, which is extracted from a novel cell structure that helps to define support regions in a coarse-to-fine fashion. Based on the scene's activity, only a limited number of support regions are processed, thus limiting the size of the feature set...
April 18, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431900/-quality-of-initial-trauma-care-in-paediatrics
#2
Vicente Ibáñez Pradas, Rut Pérez Montejano
INTRODUCTION: Trauma care in Spain is not provided in specific centres, which means that health professionals have limited contact to trauma patients. After the setting up of a training program in paediatric trauma, the aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of the initial care provided to these patients before they were admitted to the paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) of a third level hospital (trauma centre), as an indirect measurement of the increase in the number of health professionals trained in trauma...
April 18, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427480/lessons-from-a-large-trauma-center-impact-of-blunt-chest-trauma-in-polytrauma-patients-still-a-relevant-problem
#3
REVIEW
Konstantina Chrysou, Gabriel Halat, Beatrix Hoksch, Ralph A Schmid, Gregor J Kocher
BACKGROUND: Thoracic trauma is the third most common cause of death after abdominal injury and head trauma in polytrauma patients. The purpose of this study was to investigate epidemiological data, treatment and outcome of polytrauma patients with blunt chest trauma in order to help improve management, prevent complications and decrease polytrauma patients' mortality. METHODS: In this retrospective study we included all polytrauma patients with blunt chest trauma admitted to our tertiary care center emergency department for a 2-year period, from June 2012 until May 2014...
April 20, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419659/making-visible-the-politics-and-ethics-of-alcohol-policy-research
#4
David Moore
Although research on alcohol policy has produced a huge international literature, alcohol research and policy itself-its cultural assumptions, methods, politics and ethics-has rarely been subject to critical analysis. In this article, I provide an appreciative review of an exception to this trend: Joseph Gusfield's 1981 classic, The Culture of Public Problems: Drinking-Driving and the Symbolic Order. I first outline Gusfield's argument that the 'problem of drinking-driving' is constructed as a 'drama of individualism' centring on the 'killer drunk'...
April 16, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416210/development-of-a-continuous-motorcycle-protection-barrier-system-using-computer-simulation-and-full-scale-crash-testing
#5
Ali O Atahan, J Marten Hiekmann, Jeffrey Himpe, Joseph Marra
Road restraint systems are designed to minimize the undesirable effects of roadside accidents and improve safety of road users. These systems are utilized at either side or median section of roads to contain and redirect errant vehicles. Although restraint systems are mainly designed against car, truck and bus impacts there is an increasing pressure by the motorcycle industry to incorporate motorcycle protection systems into these systems. In this paper development details of a new and versatile motorcycle barrier, CMPS, coupled with an existing vehicle barrier is presented...
April 15, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409733/endovascular-management-of-acute-epidural-hematomas-clinical-experience-with-80-cases
#6
Carlos Michel A Peres, Jose Guilherme M P Caldas, Paulo Puglia, Almir F de Andrade, Igor A F da Silva, Manoel J Teixeira, Eberval G Figueiredo
OBJECTIVE Small acute epidural hematomas (EDHs) treated conservatively carry a nonmeasurable risk of late enlargement due to middle meningeal artery (MMA) lesions. Patients with EDHs need to stay hospitalized for several days, with neurological supervision and repeated CT scans. In this study, the authors analyzed the safety and efficacy of the embolization of the involved MMA and associated lesions. METHODS The study group consisted of 80 consecutive patients harboring small- to medium-sized EDHs treated by MMA embolization between January 2010 and December 2014...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406325/akinetic-mutism-in-a-patient-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-a-diffusion-tensor-tractography-study
#7
Sung Ho Jang, Hyeok Gyu Kwon
OBJECTIVES: Akinetic mutism (AM) is characterized by a complete absence of spontaneous behaviour and speech. We report on a patient with AM associated with injury of the prefronto-caudate tract and prefronto-thalamic tract following mild traumatic brain injury (TBI), diffusion tensor tractography (DTT). CASE PRESENTATION: A 20-year-old man suffered from TBI resulting from a pedestrian car accident. Following the TBI, he developed abulia (decreased activity and speech) that worsened over approximately a year...
April 13, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405394/brain-size-in-birds-is-related-to-traffic-accidents
#8
Anders Pape Møller, Johannes Erritzøe
Estimates suggest that perhaps a quarter of a billion birds are killed by traffic annually across the world. This is surprising because birds have been shown to learn speed limits. Birds have also been shown to adapt to the direction of traffic and lane use, and this apparently results in reduced risks of fatal traffic accidents. Such behavioural differences suggest that individual birds that are not killed in traffic should have larger brains for their body size. We analysed the link between being killed by traffic and relative brain mass in 3521 birds belonging to 251 species brought to a taxidermist...
March 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402136/survey-of-discomfort-glare-from-the-headlamps-of-cars-widely-used-in-iran
#9
Ahmad Mehri, Somayeh Farhang Dehghan, Roohalah Hajizadeh, Seyed Abolfazl Zakerian, Hamzeh Mohammadi, Milad Abbasi
OBJECTIVE: In two-lane roads, a discomfort glare can cause annoyance, discomfort and inconvenience, stress and fatigue to drivers on the front line. This can cause accidents. The aim of this study is to evaluate the discomfort glare from the headlamps of cars widely used in Iran. METHODS: The discomfort glare of new vehicles including Pride Saba model GTX, Pride Model 131SL, Samand Soren, Peugeot 405, Megan, and Peugeot Pars was examined at distances of 5 to 100 metres and in background luminance of 50 cd/m(2) (late twilight / early dawn lighting) and 1 cd/m(2) (night time) by Schmidt-Clausen and Bindels model and de Boer subjective scale...
April 12, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392030/an-unusual-exit-wound-as-a-result-of-a-shotgun-suicide-to-the-head
#10
S N Kunz
The location of a gunshot entrance wound as well as the wound path trajectory are the main findings that help to determine the position from which a weapon was fired and thus distinguish firearm suicides from homicides and accidents. We present a case of a 28-year old man, who was found dead in his car. Because of an unusual position of the firearm, which was clamped into the steering wheel, and an unclear entrance/exit wound, an autopsy was performed. The deceased showed typical signs of a contact shotgun wound to the head with an entrance wound in the right temporal region and an exit wound in the midface...
March 30, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388283/does-trauma-exposure-predict-prescription-drug-problems-beyond-the-contribution-of-ptsd-depression-an-analysis-of-the-mind-your-heart-cohort-study
#11
Raj K Kalapatapu, Tatiana P Dannenbaum, John D Harbison, Beth E Cohen
BACKGROUND: It is not clear from prior studies whether trauma exposure predicts substance use problems independent of psychiatric comorbidities. Most prior studies were cross-sectional in nature, and none focused on prescription drug problems. AIMS: To address this gap in the literature, this paper is a secondary analysis of veterans from the Mind Your Heart prospective cohort study. The primary research question is whether trauma exposure predicts prescription drug problems even after controlling for major psychiatric symptoms, such as posttraumatic stress disorder and depression...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378976/application-of-erps-neuromarkers-for-assessment-and-treatment-of-a-patient-with-chronic-crossed-aphasia-after-severe-tbi-and-long-term-coma-case-report
#12
Marzena Chantsoulis, Paweł Półrola, Jolanta Góral-Półrola, Anna Hajdukiewicz, Jan Supiński, Juri D Kropotov, Maria Pachalska
 Objective. The study aimed to evaluate the application of ERPs neuromarkers for the assessment and treatment of a patient with chronic crossed aphasia after severe TBI and a long-term coma. CASE REPORT: An ambidextrous female patient, aged 29, suffered from posttraumatic chronic crossed aphasia, severe TBI and a prolonged coma after a car accident. The patient took part in two differentiated rehabilitation programmes of neurotherapy included 20 sessions of relative beta training and 20 sessions of rTMS; both programmes were combined with behavioural training...
March 31, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366327/underutilization-of-the-mslt-in-sleepy-patients-with-a-short-onset-rem-period-soremp-in-the-sleep-clinic
#13
Alyssa Cairns, Richard Bogan
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: A nocturnal sleep onset REM period (defined as REM onset latency ≤ 15 min; SOREMP) occurs rarely and research has shown that the phenomenon is specific for type 1 and 2 narcolepsy. However, little is known about the meaningfulness of the phenotype in general sleep clinic patients because those that exhibit the phenomenon often present with few traditional narcolepsy symptoms. As such, this study aimed to (1) evaluate the rate of eventual MSLT testing for those with a SOREMP on routine PSG when the phenomenon occurred in the absence of potential explanatory factors and (2) quantify the stability of the SOREMP phenotype...
April 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357622/the-attribution-of-intentionality-the-role-of-skill-and-morality
#14
Raffaella Nori, Elisa Gambetti, Fabio Marinello, Stefano Canestrari, Fiorella Giusberti
The present study contributes to the discussion on the different components which constitute the intentionality concept about an undesired side effect, focusing on the morality and the skill. Two hundred and forty participants were asked to read a brief story about a car accident, in which it was explained the motivation of the high speed and objective and subjective skill of the agent to drive the car, and to fill in six questions about intentionality, objective risk, mental representation of risk, risk acceptance and blameworthiness for the outcome...
March 29, 2017: Cognitive Processing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350237/hierarchically-structured-electrospun-scaffolds-with-chemically-conjugated-growth-factor-for-ligament-tissue-engineering
#15
Hannah M Pauly, Binulal N Sathy, Dinorath Olvera, Helen O McCarthy, Daniel J Kelly, Ketul C Popat, Nicholas J Dunne, Tammy Lynn Haut Donahue
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) of the knee is vital for proper joint function and is commonly ruptured during sports injuries or car accidents. Due to a lack of intrinsic healing capacity and drawbacks with allografts and autografts, there is a need for a tissue-engineered ACL replacement. Our group has previously used aligned sheets of electrospun polycaprolactone nanofibers to develop solid cylindrical bundles of longitudinally aligned nanofibers. We have shown that these nanofiber bundles support cell proliferation and elongation and the hierarchical structure and material properties are similar to the native human ACL...
March 27, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343903/-spinal-cord-injuries-resulting-from-diving-accidents-in-the-canary-islands
#16
Enrique Bárbara-Bataller, José Luis Méndez-Suárez, Carolina Alemán-Sánchez, Jesús Sánchez-Enríquez, Manuel Sosa-Henríquez
OBJECTIVE: Diving accidents is one of the leading causes of spinal cord injury after falls and car accidents. The objective of this study was to determine the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of these patients in our setting to better prevent these injuries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective, descriptive study of patients who have suffered from a traumatic spinal cord injury after a diving accident in the Canary Islands, Spain from 2000 to 2014...
March 23, 2017: Neurocirugía
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332869/perceived-enjoyment-concentration-intention-and-speed-violation-behavior-using-flow-theory-and-theory-of-planned-behavior
#17
Charles Atombo, Chaozhong Wu, Hui Zhang, Tina D Wemegah
OBJECTIVE: Road accidents are an important public health concern and speeding is a major contributor. Although, flow theory (FLT) is a valid model for understanding behavior, currently the nature of the roles and interplay, of FLT constructs within the theory of planned behavior (TPB) framework when attempting to explain the determinants of motivations for intention to speed and speeding behavior of car drivers is not yet known. The study aims to synthesize TPB and FLT in explaining drivers of advanced vehicles intention to speed and speed violation behavior and evaluate factors which are critical for explaining intention and behavior...
March 23, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328677/genitourinary-injuries-following-traffic-accidents-analysis-of-a-registry-of-162-690-victims
#18
Jean E Terrier, P Paparel, B Gadegbeku, Alain Ruffion, Lawrence C Jenkins, Amina N'Diaye
BACKGROUND: Traffic accidents are the most frequent cause of genitourinary injuries (GUI). Kidney injuries following trauma have been well described. However, there exists a paucity of data on other traumatic genitourinary injuries following traffic accidents. The objective of this study was to analyze the frequency and type of all genitourinary injuries, by user category, following traffic accidents. METHODS: Patient cases were extracted from the trauma registry of the French department of Rhone from 1996 to 2013...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327843/-geographic-information-systems
#19
Akram Hernández-Vásquez, Diego Azañedo, Guido Bendezú-Quispe, Josmel Pacheco-Mendoza, R Martín Chaparro
The aim of this study was to geospatially explore the occurrence rates of car accidents involving pedestrians in Cercado de Lima (Lima District), Peru. Car accidents involving pedestrians recorded in the 2015 National Police Station Census of the National Statistics and Information Institute were described and georeferenced. Subsequently, a Kernel Density analysis was carried out to locate areas with high, medium, and low density events. Records of 171 car accidents involving pedestrians were studied: the types of vehicles involved were automobiles (56...
October 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323200/brief-exercise-enhances-intrusive-memories-of-traumatic-stimuli
#20
Dharani Keyan, Richard A Bryant
Brief physical exercise enhances memories for neutral events, and recently has been shown to modulate fear learning in animals. To date there is no evidence pertaining to the impact of exercise on emotional memories in humans. Accordingly, this study investigated the role of brief exercise in the development of emotional intrusive memories. Forty-nine university students (18-29year olds) viewed a car accident film depicting accident and injury, and were then randomly assigned to engage in either 10min of intense exercise or easy walking...
March 18, 2017: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
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