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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898357/catastrophic-metallosis-after-tumoral-knee-prosthesis-failure-a-case-report
#1
Luca La Verde, Domenico Fenga, Maria Silvia Spinelli, Francesco Rosario Campo, Michela Florio, Michele Attilio Rosa
INTRODUCTION: Metallosis is a condition characterized by an infiltration of periprosthetic soft tissues and bone by metallic debris resulting from wear or failure of joint arthroplasties. PRESENTATION OF CASE: Authors describe a case of a 45-year-old man treated for an osteosarcoma of the distal femur with a modular prosthesis when he was 18 years old, he developed massive metallosis with skin dyspigmentation after 17 years. His medical\surgical history was remarkable for a left tumoral knee prosthesis implanted 21 years ago...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878129/an-epidemiological-study-of-road-traffic-accidents-in-guilan-province-northern-iran-in-2012
#2
Zahra Mohtasham-Amiri, Saeed Dastgiri, Ali Davoudi-Kiakalyeh, Ali Imani, Keyvan Mollarahimi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the epidemiological characteristics of the road traffic injuries (RTIs) in Guilan province, northern Iran. METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional study which included all of RTIs admitted to medical centers of Guilan province (northern Iran) during 2012. ICD-10 was used as diagnostic criteria. Demographic variables also injury circumstance and in hospital variables such as length of stay, time of admission, type of surgery, ICU admission, final outcome and mechanism of injury, anatomical part of injury according to Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) classification were derives from records by trained research team...
October 2016: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865143/the-postauricular-fasciocutaneous-flap-with-an-adipofascial-extension-a-case-report
#3
Mohammed M Al-Qattan, Nawarah Al-Arfaj
INTRODUCTION: A complex defect on the anterior surface of the ear requires flap cover; such as the postauricular skin flap. The postauricular skin flap has never been used with an adipofascial extension. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 5-year old boy was involved in a car accident resulting in an exposed cartilage of the upper part of the right ear. The defect was covered with a post-auricular fasciocutaneous flap with an adipofascial extension. The adipofascial part of the flap was covered with a skin graft...
November 5, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826457/distant-migration-of-multiple-siliconomas-in-lower-extremities-following-breast-implant-rupture-case-report
#4
Joo Hyun Oh, Seung Yong Song, Dae Hyun Lew, Dong Won Lee
Siliconoma from ruptured breast implants has been reported in multiple body sites, including but not limited to the breast parenchyma, axillary lymph nodes, upper arm, and even lower leg. In this regard, we report a rare case of distant silicone migration to the lower extremities after traumatic breast implant rupture. A 55-year-old Asian woman who received bilateral augmentation mammoplasty 20 years ago presented with ruptured breast implants from a car accident 2 years earlier. Magnetic resonance imaging confirmed intracapsular and extracapsular rupture of the right breast implant, showing "linguine sign...
October 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817834/a-comparison-study-of-pelvic-fractures-and-associated-abdominal-injuries-between-pediatric-and-adult-blunt-trauma-patients
#5
Forat Swaid, Kobi Peleg, Ricardo Alfici, Oded Olsha, Adi Givon, Boris Kessel
PURPOSE: Pelvic fractures are a marker of severe injury, mandating a thorough investigation for the presence of associated injuries. Anatomical and physiological differences between adults and children may lead to a different impact of pelvic fractures on these populations. The purpose of this study is to compare pelvic fractures between pediatric and adult blunt trauma victims, mainly regarding their severity and associated intraabdominal injuries. METHODS: A retrospective study involving blunt trauma patients suffering pelvic fractures, according to the records of the Israeli National Trauma Registry...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813488/-epidemiology-of-spinal-cord-injury-in-iceland-from-1975-to-2014
#6
Eyrún Arna Kristinsdottir, Sigrun Knutsdottir, Kristinn Sigvaldason, Halldor Jonsson, Pall E Ingvarsson
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) is serious and often has long-term consequences. Since no cure has been found the emphasis has been on preventive measures. The incidence of TSCI varies between countries and the epidemiology has been changing. The aim of this study was to gather epidemiological data on patients with TSCI in Iceland and search for risk factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Hospital records of everyone diagnosed with TSCI in 1975-2014 admitted to Landspitali University Hospital were reviewed and information gathered on incidence, age, gender and causes of injury...
November 2016: Læknablađiđ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810588/cyclists-fatalities-forensic-remarks-regarding-335-cases
#7
M Piras, M C Russo, F De Ferrari, A Verzeletti
A retrospective study was carried out on post-mortem examination data regarding 335 cyclists involved in fatal accidents along the period 1983-2012. The following variables were considered: temporal data (year, month, day of the week and hour of the day), circumstances of the accident, vehicles involved, victims' features (sex, age), pathological and toxicological findings, cause of death. Most victims were male (77.62%), with a mean age of 58 years. In most cases vehicles other than only bicycles were involved, more frequently cars, followed by heavy motor vehicles...
November 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808553/representativity-and-univocity-of-traffic-signs-and-their-effect-on-trajectory-movement-in-a-driving-simulation-task-warning-signs
#8
Jose Luis Vilchez
Objective The effect of traffic signs in the motor behavior of drivers is not completely understood yet. Knowing about how humans process the meaning of signs (not just by learning but instinctively) will improve reaction time and decision making when traveling. The economic, social and psychological consequences of car accidents are well-known. Every single effort orientated to the solution of this social problem is welcome. Methods This study sounds out which traffic signs are more ergonomic for participants, from a cognitive point of view, and determines, at the same time, which is their effect in participants' movement trajectory in a driving-simulation task: the tracking task...
November 3, 2016: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806518/a-comprehensive-analysis-of-dispatching-of-traumatic-brain-injuries-in-the-fifth-period-at-the-rajaie-hospital-in-ghachsaran
#9
Abouzar Alidadi, Rooholah Zaboli, Razzagh Abedi, Mohammad Reza Soltanizarandi
INTRODUCTION: Increasing car accidents in young group and head-stroke mechanisms in developing countryis are the main cause of brain lesions and injuries related to trauma, so that traumatic severe brain lesions and injuries and uncontrollable hemorrhage are the major cause of mortality and morbidity due to trauma. Statistical analysis and factors along with main injuries can give us useful information in the field of injury management, patient dispatching management, proper scheduling, and patients dispatching to appropriate centers...
July 25, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802875/blunt-traumatic-diaphragmatic-injury-a-diagnostic-enigma-with-potential-surgical-pitfalls
#10
Ahmad Mahamid, Kobi Peleg, Adi Givon, Ricardo Alfici, Oded Olsha, Itamar Ashkenazi
BACKGROUND: Blunt traumatic diaphragmatic injury (BTDI) is an uncommon injury and one which is difficult to diagnose. The objective of this study was to identify features associated with this injury. METHODS: This was a retrospective study based on records of 354307 blunt trauma victims treated between 1998 and 2013 collected by the Israeli National Trauma Registry. RESULTS: BTDI was reported in 231 (0.065%) patients. Motor vehicle accidents were responsible for 84...
October 24, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800461/epidemiological-patterns-of-road-traffic-crashes-during-the-last-two-decades-in-iran-a-review-of-the-literature-from-1996-to-2014
#11
REVIEW
Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Erfan Ayubi, Saber Azami-Aghdash, Leila Abedi, Alireza Zemestani, Louiz Amanati, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Naeema Syedi, Saeid Safiri
CONTEXT: Despite considerable attention given to health statistics of road traffic crashes (RTCs), the epidemiological aspects of injuries resulting from RTCs are not fully understood in Iran and other developing countries. The aim of this review was to study the epidemiological pattern and issues arising due to RTCs in Iran. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The scope of this study involves data from a broad range of published literature on RTCs in Iran. Data collection for this study was conducted by searching for keywords such as traffic accidents, traffic crashes, motorcycle accidents, motorcycle crashes, motorcycle injury, motor vehicle injury, motor vehicle crashes and motor vehicle accidents, Iran and Iranian in various databases such as Embase, PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus, Magiran, Iranian scientific information database (SID) and IranMedex...
September 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785145/cervical-esophageal-rupture-after-blunt-trauma-resulting-from-a-car-accident
#12
Piotr Misiak, Sławomir Jabłoński, Artur Terlecki
Traumatic perforation of the cervical esophagus due to blunt trauma is a very rare condition which continues to be associated with significant mortality rates. The symptoms and signs of this injury are often masked by or ascribed to more common blunt thoracic injuries. This paper presents a case of cervical esophageal perforation secondary to blunt trauma resulting from a car accident. The injury was diagnosed early by computed tomography examination, and the patient underwent prompt and successful surgical repair performed to prevent the development of descending mediastinitis...
September 2016: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763586/-forensic-medical-implications-of-the-traumas-and-traces-of-biological-deposits-in-the-context-of-comprehensive-expertises-of-the-injuries-inflicted-inside-the-passenger-compartment-of-the-car
#13
V A Fetisov, A A Gusarov, Eksp Smirenin
The results of analysis of forensic medical expertises carried out by different state institutions of forensic medical expertise of this country are presented. It was shown that the practice of standardized expertises of the injuries inflicted inside the passenger compartment of the car remains to be established. The comprehensive approach to the solution of the problem of the circumstances of the road traffic accident and the positions of its participants in the passenger compartment of the car is possible based only on the multi-faceted investigation...
2016: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760864/assessing-mental-models-of-emergencies-through-two-knowledge-elicitation-tasks
#14
Daphne E Whitmer, Valerie K Sims, Michael E Torres
OBJECTIVE: The goals of this study were to assess the risk identification aspect of mental models using standard elicitation methods and how university campus alerts were related to these mental models. BACKGROUND: People fail to follow protective action recommendations in emergency warnings. Past research has yet to examine cognitive processes that influence emergency decision-making. METHOD: Study 1 examined 2 years of emergency alerts distributed by a large southeastern university...
October 19, 2016: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760408/a-finite-element-model-of-a-six-year-old-child-for-simulating-pedestrian-accidents
#15
Yunzhu Meng, Wansoo Pak, Berkan Guleyupoglu, Bharath Koya, F Scott Gayzik, Costin D Untaroiu
Child pedestrian protection deserves more attention in vehicle safety design since they are the most vulnerable road users who face the highest mortality rate. Pediatric Finite Element (FE) models could be used to simulate and understand the pedestrian injury mechanisms during crashes in order to mitigate them. Thus, the objective of the study was to develop a computationally efficient (simplified) six-year-old (6YO-PS) pedestrian FE model and validate it based on the latest published pediatric data. The 6YO-PS FE model was developed by morphing the existing GHBMC adult pedestrian model...
October 16, 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744246/worsening-of-attitudes-toward-epilepsy-following-less-influential-media-coverage-of-epilepsy-related-car-accidents-an-infodemiological-approach
#16
Akihisa Okumura, Shinpei Abe, Hirokazu Kurahashi, Michihiko Takasu, Mitsuru Ikeno, Mika Nakazawa, Ayuko Igarashi, Toshiaki Shimizu
To evaluate changes in the attitudes of nonmedical university students toward epilepsy in 2015, the present study compared the results of questionnaire surveys from four different time periods: before media coverage of epilepsy-related car accidents (2008-2010), during a period of abundant media coverage (2011-2012), after media coverage (2013-2014), and after novel media coverage (2015). The nonmedical students that completed the questionnaire were divided into four groups: 2008-2010, 2011-2012, 2013-2014, and 2015...
October 13, 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729986/physicians-role-in-the-determination-of-fitness-to-drive-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-systematic-review-of-the-assessment-tools-and-a-call-for-national-guidelines
#17
Onanong Jitkritsadakul, Roongroj Bhidayasiri
BACKGROUND: Physicians are usually at the forefront when the issue of driving ability is raised by Parkinson's disease (PD) patients or their family members, even though few have been formally trained in this area. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: To identify relevant literature on driving assessment tools in patients with PD by performing a systematic review on this subject in order to provide background information for physicians on what types of driving assessment are available, and to delineate the role of physicians in providing fitness to drive recommendations...
2016: Journal of Clinical Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729877/gender-effects-in-young-road-users-on-road-safety-attitudes-behaviors-and-risk-perception
#18
Pierluigi Cordellieri, Francesca Baralla, Fabio Ferlazzo, Roberto Sgalla, Laura Piccardi, Anna Maria Giannini
In the present study, we investigated gender-related effects on road safety attitudes in 2681 young drivers (1458 males, 54.4%; aged 18-22) who filled out several scales assessing attitudes toward road safety issues, driving behavior in specific hypothetical situations, accident risk perception, and concerns about such a risk. We focused only on young drivers to better understand the role of gender in road safety attitudes in a period of life in which risky behaviors are widespread for males and females. Indeed, there is still no agreement as to the nature of these gender differences...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723188/the-conometric-concept-definitive-fixed-lithium-disilicate-restorations-supported-by-conical-abutments
#19
Marco Degidi, Diego Nardi, Gianluca Sighinolfi, Adriano Piattelli
PURPOSE: The use of the conical coupling connection to support definitive restorations was evaluated in cases involving full acrylic resin or hybrid acrylic resin-composite prostheses. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of definitive fixed partial prostheses made with lithium disilicate and supported by coupling connection abutments and healed implants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The prostheses were placed in the posterior regions of partially edentulous patients; 65 patients received fixed lithium disilicate restorations splinted with conical coupling connections to two implants...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27700192/studded-and-unstudded-winter-tyres-in-fatal-road-accidents-in-finland
#20
Mikko Malmivuo, Juha Luoma, Markus Porthin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare the safety effects of studded and unstudded winter tyres based on fatal road accidents. METHODS: The data included 958 road accidents involving a passenger car or van that occurred in Finland from November to March between 1997 and 2012. RESULTS: Comparing the proportions of winter tyre type in accidents and in general traffic showed that the overall effect of tyre type on the number of accidents was not significant, although studded tyres reduced fatal accidents by 10-15%...
October 4, 2016: Traffic Injury Prevention
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