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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033439/a-case-of-trauma-wound-related-infection-caused-by-enterobacter-cancerogenus-and-aeromonas-hydrophilia
#1
Yoshiro Hadano, Keiichi Tamagawa, Kiyofumi Ohkusu
We herein describe a case of trauma-related wound infection with a subcutaneous abscess caused by both Enterobacter cancerogenus and Aeromonas hydrophila. An 89-year-old Japanese man was admitted to our hospital because of an injury that he had suffered in a car accident. The right dorsal region of the foot around the wound was reddish and swelling. The pus culture on his right foot grew E. cancerogenus and A. hydrophila. The patient was successfully treated with a 10-day course of meropenem and a 25-day course of levofloxacin...
October 16, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031047/reducing-the-threat-of-wildlife-vehicle-collisions-during-peak-tourism-periods-using-a-roadside-animal-detection-system
#2
Molly K Grace, Daniel J Smith, Reed F Noss
Roadside Animal Detection Systems (RADS) aim to reduce the frequency of wildlife-vehicle collisions. Unlike fencing and wildlife passages, RADS do not attempt to keep animals off the road; rather, they attempt to modify driver behavior by detecting animals near the road and warning drivers with flashing signs. A RADS was installed in Big Cypress National Park (Florida, USA) in 2012 in response to an increased number of Florida panther mortalities. To assess driver response, we measured the speed of individual cars on the road when the RADS was active (flashing) and inactive (not flashing) during the tourist season (November-March) and the off-season (April-October), which vary dramatically in traffic volume...
October 11, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029612/the-relative-efficiency-of-iranian-s-rural-traffic-police-a-three-stage-dea-model
#3
Habibollah Rahimi, Hamid Soori, Seyed Saeed Hashemi Nazari, Seyed Abbas Motevalian, Adel Azar, Eskandar Momeni, Mehdi Javartani
BACKGROUND: Road traffic Injuries (RTIs) as a health problem imposes governments to implement different interventions. Target achievement in this issue required effective and efficient measures. Efficiency evaluation of traffic police as one of the responsible administrators is necessary for resource management. Therefore, this study conducted to measure Iran's rural traffic police efficiency. METHODS: This was an ecological study. To obtain pure efficiency score, three-stage DEA model was conducted with seven inputs and three output variables...
October 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025534/-endovascular-treatment-of-a-gastroduodenal-artery-pseudoaneurysm-rupture-after-a-car-accident
#4
Sofia Dutra, Filipe Veloso Gomes, Tiago Bilhim, Élia Coimbra
The authors present a case of a 39-year-old man with alcoholic chronic pancreatitis that was admitted in the emergency department after a car accident, complaining of abdominal pain and looking pale. The patient was hemodinamically unstable, requiring blood transfusions. He underwent computed tomography angiogram of the abdomen and pelvis, showing a pseudoaneurysm of the gastroduodenal artery and a hemoperitoneum. He was referred to our interventional radiology unit and submitted to endovascular treatment, consisting of 'backdoor' and 'frontdoor' embolization of the gastroduodenal artery and pseudoaneurysm neck with coils, with total exclusion in control angiography...
September 29, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021637/physical-frailty-and-fitness-of-older-driver
#5
Maria Helena Lenardt, Clovis Cechinel, Maria Angelica Binotto, Nathalia Hammerschmidt Kolb Carneiro, Tânia Maria Lourenço
AIM: to analyze the association between physical frailty and the results of fitness capacity exams for driving vehicles among elder Brazilians. METHODS: this is a cross sectional study, performed in traffic medicine clinics of the city of Curitiba (Brazil). The data was collected through the physical frailty tests, the use of a structured questionnaire, and searches on the records of the Brazilian National Register of Qualified Drivers.To analyze the information, the authors used descriptive statistics and non-parametrical tests...
June 30, 2017: Colombia Médica: CM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019874/injury-patterns-among-various-age-and-gender-groups-of-trauma-patients-in-southern-iran-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Shahram Bolandparvaz, Mahnaz Yadollahi, Hamid Reza Abbasi, Mehrdad Anvar
Administrative data from trauma referral centers are useful sources while studying epidemiologic aspects of injuries. We aimed to provide a hospital-based view of injuries in Shiraz considering victims' age and gender, using administrative data from trauma research center.A cross-sectional registry-based study of adult trauma patients (age ≥15 years) sustaining injury through traffic accidents, violence, and unintentional incidents was conducted. Information was retrieved from 3 hospital administrative databases...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988171/post-trauma-coping-in-the-context-of-significant-adversity-a-qualitative-study-of-young-people-living-in-an-urban-township-in-south-africa
#7
Rachel M Hiller, Sarah L Halligan, Mark Tomlinson, Jackie Stewart, Sarah Skeen, Hope Christie
OBJECTIVE: Compared with knowledge of the post-trauma needs of young people living in developed countries, little is known about the needs of those in low-middle-income countries. Such information is crucial, particularly as young people in these environments can be at increased risk of experiencing trauma, coupled with less available resources for formal support. The aim of this study was to explore post-trauma coping and support-seeking of young people living in a high-adversity settlement in South Africa...
October 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987612/a-vibrotactile-wristband-to-help-older-pedestrians-make-safer-street-crossing-decisions
#8
Stéphanie Cœugnet, Aurélie Dommes, Sabrina Panëels, Aline Chevalier, Fabrice Vienne, Nguyen-Thong Dang, Margarita Anastassova
INTRODUCTION: Older pedestrians are overrepresented in fatal accidents. Studies consistently show gap-acceptance difficulties, especially in complex traffic situations such as two-way streets and when vehicles approached rapidly. In this context, the present research was aimed at assessing the effectiveness of a vibrotactile device and study older pedestrian's behavior when wearing the wristband designed to help them make safer street-crossing decisions. METHOD: Twenty younger-old participants (age 60-69), 20 older-old participants (age 70-80) and 17 younger adults (age 20-45) carried out a street-crossing task in a simulated two-way traffic environment with and without a vibrotactile wristband delivering warning messages...
October 4, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982313/biomarkers-of-alcohol-consumption-in-body-fluids-possibilities-and-limitations-of-application-in-toxicological-analysis
#9
Mateusz K Woźniak, Marek Wiergowski, Jacek Namieśnik, Marek Biziuk
Ethyl alcohol is the most popular legal drug, but its excessive consumption causes social problems. Despite many public campaigns against alcohol use, car accidents, instances of aggressive behaviour, sexual assaults and deterioration in labor productivity caused by inebriated people is still commonplace. Fast and easy diagnosis of alcohol consumption is required in order to introduce proper and effective therapy, and is crucial in forensic toxicology analysis. The easiest method to prove alcohol intake is determination of ethanol in body fluids or in breath...
October 5, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979606/volar-dislocation-of-second-third-and-fourth-carpometacarpal-joints-in-association-with-a-bennet-s-fracture-of-the-thumb-carpo-metacarpal-dislocation-a-case-report
#10
Pierluigi Di Felice Ardente, Joan Camí Biayna, Jordi Saus Sarrias, Antoni Nuñez Muñoz, Guillem Figueras Coll, Patricio Vergara
Injuries of the carpometacarpal joints of the long fingers are infrequent and go often unnoticed if a thorough clinical exploration and complete radiological assessment is not carried out. The overall frequency of carpometacarpal joints injuries is of 1-2% among trauma of the wrist and the carpus. These are normally secondary to high energy trauma (such as a car or a motorbike accidents). Among these kinds of injuries, the volar dislocation of the metacarpals is much less frequent than the dorsal dislocation, being even rarer the cases in which the three middle metacarpals are involved...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971031/using-bayesian-model-to-estimate-the-cost-of-traffic-injuries-in-iran-in-2013
#11
Elaheh Ainy, Hamid Soori, Mojtaba Ganjali, Ayad Bahadorimonfared
BACKGROUND AND AIM: A significant social and economic burden inflicts by road traffic injuries (RTIs). We aimed to use Bayesian model, to present the precise method, and to estimate the cost of RTIs in Iran in 2013. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a cross-sectional study on costs resulting from traffic injuries, 846 people per road user were randomly selected and investigated during 3 months (1(st) September-1(st) December) in 2013. The research questionnaire was prepared based on the standard for willingness to pay (WTP) method considering perceived risks, especially in Iran...
July 2017: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956660/traumatic-axonal-injury-despite-clinical-phenotype-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-a-case-report
#12
Sung Ho Jang, Han Do Lee
OBJECTIVES: We report on a patient who suffered traumatic axonal injury (TAI) of various neural tracts despite airbag deployment following mild traumatic brain injury (TBI), which was demonstrated by diffusion tensor tractography (DTT). CASE DESCRIPTION: A 58-year-old female patient suffered from head trauma resulting from an in-car traffic accident. At the time of head trauma, her head and face hit the deployed airbag after flexion-hyperextension-rotation injury...
September 28, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955597/treatment-approaches-for-traumatized-anterior-teeth-with-excessive-tissue-loss-three-case-reports
#13
Zuhal Yildirim, Omer Yavuz Gomec
Use of direct composite and indirect laminate veneers has been an alternative to metal- and all-ceramic crowns for anterior teeth restorations. Dental traumas are the most common reasons for excessive tissue loss. Treatment options depend on the amount of remaining tissue, the extent of the damage to dental pulp and periapical tissues and the time elapsed before dental treatment. The aim of this case report was to evaluate the direct and indirect techniques used in the treatments of traumatically fractured anterior teeth...
2017: J Istanb Univ Fac Dent
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915813/the-relationship-between-burden-of-childhood-disease-and-foreign-aid-for-child-health
#14
J Clay Bavinger, Paul Wise, Eran Bendavid
BACKGROUND: We sought to examine the relationship between child specific health aid (CHA) and burden of disease. Based on existing evidence, we hypothesized that foreign aid for child health would not be proportional to burden of disease. METHODS: In order to examine CHA and burden of disease, we obtained estimates of these parameters from established sources. Estimates of disability adjusted life years (DALYs) in children (0-5 years) were obtained from the World Health Organization for 2000 and 2012...
September 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913520/evidential-value-of-polymeric-materials-chemometric-tactics-for-spectral-data-compression-combined-with-likelihood-ratio-approach
#15
A Menżyk, A Martyna, G Zadora
Polymers have become a ubiquitous element of our culture. Therefore, these materials may play an important role in forensic investigations, serving as mute witnesses of occurrences such as car accidents. In this study, the possibilities provided by the likelihood ratio (LR) approach to estimate the evidential value of observed similarities and differences, and to discriminate among NIR spectral data originating from polypropylene automotive parts and household items, were investigated. Since the construction of LR models requires the introduction of only a few variables, the main objective was to reduce the dimensionality of registered spectra, which are characterised by over a thousand variables...
September 15, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884108/characteristics-and-clinical-aspects-of-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-undergoing-surgery
#16
João Simão de Melo-Neto, Lara Eduarda Leite Vidotto, Fabiana de Campos Gomes, Dionei Freitas de Morais, Waldir Antonio Tognola
OBJECTIVE: To identify the characteristics of patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) undergoing surgery. METHODS: Previously, 321 patients with SCI were selected. Clinical and socio-demographic variables were collected. RESULTS: A total of 211 patients were submitted to surgery. Fall and injuries in the upper cervical and lumbosacral regions were associated with conservative treatment. Patients with lesions in the lower cervical spine, worse neurological status, and unstable injuries were associated with surgery...
June 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882280/estimating-the-value-of-life-and-injury-for-pedestrians-using-a-stated-preference-framework
#17
Naghmeh Niroomand, Glenn P Jenkins
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of pedestrian death over the period 2010 to 2014 per 1000,000 in North Cyprus is about 2.5 times that of the EU, with 10.5 times more pedestrian road injuries than deaths. With the prospect of North Cyprus entering the EU, many investments need to be undertaken to improve road safety in order to reach EU benchmarks. METHOD: We conducted a stated choice experiment to identify the preferences and tradeoffs of pedestrians in North Cyprus for improved walking times, pedestrian costs, and safety...
September 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878638/evolutionary-and-modern-image-content-differentially-influence-the-processing-of-emotional-pictures
#18
Matthias Dhum, Uwe Herwig, Sarah Opialla, Michael Siegrist, Annette B Brühl
From an evolutionary perspective, environmental threats relevant for survival constantly challenged human beings. Current research suggests the evolution of a fear processing module in the brain to cope with these threats. Recently, humans increasingly encountered modern threats (e.g., guns or car accidents) in addition to evolutionary threats (e.g., snakes or predators) which presumably required an adaptation of perception and behavior. However, the neural processes underlying the perception of these different threats remain to be elucidated...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877309/a-finite-element-model-of-a-mid-size-male-for-simulating-pedestrian-accidents
#19
Costin D Untaroiu, Wansoo Pak, Yunzhu Meng, Jeremy M Schap, Bharath Koya, F Scott Gayzik
Pedestrians represent one of the most vulnerable road users and comprise nearly 22% the road crash related fatalities in the world. Therefore, protection of pedestrians in car-to-pedestrian collisions (CPC) has recently generated increased attention with regulations involving three subsystem tests. The development of a finite element (FE) pedestrian model could provide a complementary component that characterizes the whole-body response of vehicle-pedestrian interactions and assesses the pedestrian injuries...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865248/analysis-of-multiple-tank-car-releases-in-train-accidents
#20
Xiang Liu, Chang Liu, Yili Hong
There are annually over two million carloads of hazardous materials transported by rail in the United States. The American railroads use large blocks of tank cars to transport petroleum crude oil and other flammable liquids from production to consumption sites. Being different from roadway transport of hazardous materials, a train accident can potentially result in the derailment and release of multiple tank cars, which may result in significant consequences. The prior literature predominantly assumes that the occurrence of multiple tank car releases in a train accident is a series of independent Bernoulli processes, and thus uses the binomial distribution to estimate the total number of tank car releases given the number of tank cars derailing or damaged...
August 30, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
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