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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164328/metallosis-after-traumatic-loosening-of-bryan-cervical-disc-arthroplasty-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Chih-Chan Yang, Chien-Lun Tang, Chung-Yuh Tzeng, Hsi-Kai Tsou
PURPOSE: Cervical disc arthroplasty has been a popular alternative to traditional arthrodesis treatment for maintaining postoperative cervical spine mobility. However, certain adverse reactions to cervical disc arthroplasty have emerged during the last few decades. METHODS: Metallosis or metalloma is a rarely reported complication after spinal fusion or spinal arthroplasty surgery. We report on the first metallosis case occurring in a patient who received Bryan Disc implantation approximately 8 years earlier...
November 21, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155342/predictors-before-and-after-multimodal-rehabilitation-for-pain-acceptance-and-engagement-in-activities-at-a-one-year-follow-up-for-patients-with-whiplash-associated-disorders-wad-a-study-based-on-the-swedish-quality-registry-for-pain-rehabilitation-sqrp
#2
Anne Söderlund, Monika Löfgren, Britt-Marie Stålnacke
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that pain acceptance strategies related to psychological flexibility are important in the presence of chronic musculoskeletal pain. However, the predictors of these strategies have not been studied extensively in patients with Whiplash Associated Disorders (WAD). PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to predict chronic pain acceptance and engagement in activities at one-year follow-up with pain intensity, fear of movement, perceived responses from significant others, outcome expectancies, and demographic variables in patients with WAD before and after multimodal rehabilitation (MMR)...
November 16, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153925/lateral-atlantoaxial-joint-meniscoid-volume-in-individuals-with-whiplash-associated-disorder-a-case-control-study
#3
Scott F Farrell, Subaat Khan, Peter G Osmotherly, Michele Sterling, Jon Cornwall, Darren A Rivett
BACKGROUND: Lateral atlantoaxial (LAA) joints are established sources of nociceptive input in chronic whiplash associated disorder (WAD). These joints contain intra-articular meniscoids that may be damaged in whiplash trauma. LAA joint meniscoid morphology has not been investigated comprehensively in a chronic WAD population, and it is unclear whether morphological differences exist compared to a pain-free population. OBJECTIVES: This study examined LAA joint meniscoid volume in individuals with chronic WAD who report pain in a distribution consistent with LAA joint pain...
November 10, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149149/decreased-regional-grey-matter-volume-in-women-with-chronic-whiplash-associated-disorders-relationships-with-cognitive-deficits-and-disturbed-pain-processing
#4
Iris Coppieters, Robby De Pauw, Karen Caeyenberghs, Lieven Danneels, Jeroen Kregel, Astrid Pattyn, Mira Meeus, Barbara Cagnie
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic whiplash-associated disorders (CWAD) are characterized by pain of traumatic origin, cognitive deficits, and central sensitization (CS). Previous neuroimaging studies revealed altered grey matter volume (GMV) in mild traumatic brain injury patients and chronic pain conditions also characterized by CS. It can therefore be hypothesized that GMV alterations also play a role in the persistent complaints of CWAD. However, brain alterations remain poorly investigated in these patients...
November 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126847/visualization-of-painful-inflammation-in-patients-with-pain-after-traumatic-ankle-sprain-using-11-c-d-deprenyl-pet-ct
#5
Mikko Aarnio, Lieuwe Appel, Mats Fredrikson, Torsten Gordh, Olof Wolf, Jens Sörensen, Måns Thulin, Magnus Peterson, Clas Linnman
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Positron emission tomography (PET) with the radioligand [(11)C]-D-deprenyl has shown increased signal at location of pain in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and chronic whiplash injury. The binding site of [(11)C]-D-deprenyl in peripheral tissues is suggested to be mitochondrial monoamine oxidase in cells engaged in post-traumatic inflammation and tissue repair processes. The association between [(11)C]-D-deprenyl uptake and the transition from acute to chronic pain remain unknown...
November 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092067/regarding-modulation-of-central-sensitization-following-trigger-point-anesthetization-in-patients-with-chronic-pain-from-whiplash-trauma
#6
Karyn Laursen, Nalini Sehgal, Michelle Poliak-Tunis, Nathan J Rudin, Peggy Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 28, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082338/a-simple-confocal-microscopy-based-method-for-assessing-sperm-movement
#7
Sung Woo Kim, Min Su Ki, Chan-Lan Kim, In-Sul Hwang, Ik Soo Jeon
In the field of reproductive medicine, assessment of sperm motility is a key factor for achieving successful artificial insemination, in vitro fertilization, or intracellular sperm injection. In this study, the motility of boar sperms was estimated using real-time imaging via confocal microscopy. To confirm this confocal imaging method, flagellar beats and whiplash-like movement angles were compared between fresh and low-temperature-preserved (17℃ for 24 h) porcine sperms. Low-temperature preservation reduced the number of flagellar beats from 11...
September 2017: Balsaeng'gwa Saengsig
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073494/information-needs-of-patients-with-whiplash-associated-disorders-a-delphi-study-of-patient-beliefs
#8
Joanna Sterling, Annick Maujean, Michele Sterling
BACKGROUND: Whiplash associated disorders (WAD) result in significant personal and economic costs. Patient education and reassurance are recommended treatments for acute WAD but the information needs of patients have not been investigated. OBJECTIVES: To determine what information whiplash-injured patients believe is important to help recovery in the acute stage of injury. DESIGN: A Delphi design survey series with three rounds. METHOD: Thirty-three participants who had sustained a whiplash injury within the last three years were invited to participate...
October 17, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016400/alterations-in-the-mechanical-response-of-deep-dorsal-neck-muscles-in-individuals-suffering-from-whiplash-associated-disorders-compared-to-healthy-controls-an-ultrasound-study
#9
Leila Rahnama, Gunnel Peterson, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad, Johan Trygg, Anneli Peolsson
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate and compare the mechanical responses of dorsal neck muscles in individuals with whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) versus healthy individuals. DESIGN: This study included 36 individuals with WAD (26 women and 10 men) and 36 healthy controls (26 women and 10 men). Ultrasound imaging with speckle tracking was used to measure deformation and deformation rate in five dorsal neck muscles during a neck extension task...
October 7, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987529/a-novel-approach-in-the-treatment-of-acute-whiplash-syndrome-ultrasound-guided-needle-percutaneous-electrolysis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
J García Naranjo, S Barroso Rosa, J F Loro Ferrer, J M Limiñana Cañal, E Suarez Hernández
INTRODUCTION: Whiplash associated disorders are currently a common musculoskeletal problem. Besides the high incidence in western countries, the costs derived from prolonged treatment and medicolegal compensation, make this entity a challenging problem for clinicians and insurance companies. To date, no conservative treatment has shown clear superiority in the management of acute cases. HYPOTHESIS: Percutaneous needle electrolysis (PNE) is an effective approach for the treatment of Quebec type II acute whiplash syndrome (AWS)...
October 4, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973048/subjective-sleep-quality-in-temporomandibular-disorder-patients-and-association-with-disease-characteristics-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life
#11
Rafael Benoliel, Avraham Zini, Avraham Zakuto, Hulio Slutzky, Yaron Haviv, Yair Sharav, Galit Almoznino
AIMS: To measure sleep quality in temporomandibular disorder (TMD) patients, to compare it with that of control subjects, and to analyze its association with disease characteristics and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). METHODS: The collected data included demographics, tobacco use, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), trauma history, presence of coexisting headaches and/or body pain, parafunctional habits, pain scores, muscle tenderness to palpation scores, and the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14)...
2017: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934789/lack-of-gender-and-age-differences-in-pain-measurements-following-exercise-in-people-with-chronic-whiplash-associated-disorders
#12
Kelly Ickmans, Anneleen Malfliet, Margot De Kooning, Lisa Goudman, Ives Hubloue, Tom Schmitz, Dorien Goubert, Maria Encarnacion Aguilar-Ferrandiz
BACKGROUND: Individuals with chronic whiplash associated disorders (WAD) present persistent pain in the absence of structural pathology. In these people, altered central pain processing and central sensitization are observed. The role of personal factors, such as gender and age, on pain processing mechanisms in chronic WAD, however, is still unclear. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated possible gender- and age-related differences in self-reported and experimental pain measurements in people with chronic WAD...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934779/what-are-the-predictors-of-altered-central-pain-modulation-in-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-populations-a-systematic-review
#13
Jacqui Clark, Jo Nijs, Gillian Yeowell, Peter Charles Goodwin
BACKGROUND: Altered central pain modulation is the predominant pain mechanism in a proportion of chronic musculoskeletal pain disorders and is associated with poor outcomes. Although existing studies predict poor outcomes such as persistent pain and disability, to date there is little consensus on what factors specifically predict altered central pain modulation. OBJECTIVES: To review the existing literature on the predictive factors specifically for altered central pain modulation in musculoskeletal pain populations...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931977/epidemiology-and-psychological-factors-of-whiplash-associated-disorders-in-japanese-population
#14
Hiroyuki Oka, Ko Matsudaira, Tomoko Fujii, Sakae Tanaka, Tomoaki Kitagawa
[Purpose] This study was designed to examine the epidemiological background of Whiplash-associated disorders in Japanese adults and to investigate the psychological factors associated with prolonged treatment for Whiplash-associated disorders. [Subjects and Methods] An online survey was completed by 127,956 participants, of whom 4,164 had been involved in a traffic collision. A random sample of the collision participants (n=1,698) were provided with a secondary questionnaire. From the 974 (57.4%) participants who returned the questionnaire, 183 cases (intractable neck pain treated over a period of 6 months) and 333 controls (minor neck pain treated within 3 months) were selected...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891205/effects-on-jaw-function-shortly-after-whiplash-trauma
#15
E Lampa, A Wänman, E Nordh, B Häggman-Henrikson
Normal jaw function involves muscles and joints of both jaw and neck. A whiplash trauma may disturb the integrated jaw-neck sensory-motor function and thereby impair chewing ability; however, it is not known if such impairment is present shortly after a neck trauma or develops over time. The aim was to evaluate jaw function after a recent whiplash trauma. Eighty cases (47 women) were examined within 1 month after a whiplash trauma and compared to 80 controls (47 women) without neck trauma. Participants completed the Jaw disability checklist (JDC) and Neck Disability Index (NDI) questionnaires and performed a 5-minute chewing test...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887274/the-qualitative-grading-of-muscle-fat-infiltration-in-whiplash-using-fat-water-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#16
Rebecca Abbott, Anneli Peolsson, Janne West, James M Elliott, Ulrika Åslund, Anette Karlsson, Olof Dahlqvist Leinhard
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Development of muscle fat infiltration (MFI) in the neck muscles is associated with poor functional recovery following whiplash injury. Custom software and time-consuming manual segmentation of magnetic resonance (MR) images is required for quantitative analysis and presents as a barrier for clinical translation. PURPOSE: The purpose of this work was to establish a qualitative MR measure for MFI and evaluate its ability to differentiate between individuals with severe whiplash-associated disorder (WAD), mild/moderate WAD, and healthy controls...
September 5, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845598/altered-pain-sensitivity-and-axioscapular-muscle-activity-in-neck-pain-patients-compared-with-healthy-controls
#17
S W Christensen, R P Hirata, T Graven-Nielsen
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have indicated that neck pain patients feel increased symptoms following upper limb activities, and altered axioscapular muscle function has been proposed as a contributing factor. METHODS: Pain sensitivity and muscle activity, during arm movements, were assessed in neck pain patients and controls. Patients with ongoing insidious-onset neck pain (IONP, N = 16) and whiplash-associated disorders (WAD, N = 9) were included along with sex- and age-matched controls (N = 25)...
November 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839498/assessment-of-range-of-movement-pain-and-disability-following-a-whiplash-injury
#18
Atif A Malik, Simon Robinson, Wasim S Khan, Bernice Dillon, Martyn E Lovell
BACKGROUND: Whiplash has been suggested to cause chronic symptoms and long term disability. This study was designed to assess long term function after whiplash injury. MATERIAL & METHODS: A random sample of patients in the outpatient clinic was interviewed, questionnaire completed and clinical examination performed. Assessment was made of passive cervical range of movement and Visual Analogue Scale pain scores. One hundred and sixty-four patients were divided into four different groups including patients with no whiplash injury but long-standing neck pain (Group A), previous symptomatic whiplash injury and long-standing neck pain (Group B), previous symptomatic whiplash injury and no neck symptoms (Group C), and a control group of patients with no history of whiplash injury or neck symptoms (Group D)...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801412/health-practitioners-perceptions-of-adopting-clinical-prediction-rules-in-the-management-of-musculoskeletal-pain-a-qualitative-study-in-australia
#19
Joan Kelly, Michele Sterling, Trudy Rebbeck, Aila Nica Bandong, Andrew Leaver, Martin Mackey, Carrie Ritchie
OBJECTIVES: To investigate health practitioners' understanding and practice behaviours with regards to clinical prediction rules (CPRs) and explore their perceptions of adopting a new whiplash CPR. DESIGN: Qualitative study using six semistructured focus groups. SETTING: Primary and secondary care in New South Wales and Queensland, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Physiotherapists (n=19), chiropractors (n=6) and osteopaths (n=3) were purposively sampled to include health practitioners who provide routine treatment to people with whiplash-associated disorders...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799973/cross-sectional-and-prospective-correlates-of-recovery-expectancies-in-the-rehabilitation-of-whiplash-injury
#20
Rachel A Elphinston, Pascal Thibault, Junie S Carriere, Pierre Rainville, Michael J L Sullivan
OBJECTIVES: Investigations have shown that expectancies are significant prognostic indicators of recovery outcomes following whiplash injury. However, little is currently known about the determinants of recovery expectancies following whiplash injury. The purpose of the present study was to examine the cross-sectional and prospective correlates of recovery expectancies in individuals admitted to a rehabilitation program for whiplash injury. METHODS: Participants (N=96) completed measures of recovery expectancies, psychosocial variables, symptom severity, symptom duration and disability at Time 0 (admission) and Time 1 (discharge)...
August 9, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
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