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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767228/whiplash-injury-results-in-sustained-impairments-of-cervical-muscle-function-a-one-year-prospective-controlled-study
#1
Søren Krogh, Helge Kasch
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the temporal development of neck muscle function following whiplash injuries. DESIGN: A 1-year prospective, controlled observational study. SUBJECTS: A total of 141 individuals exposed to whiplash injury due to rear-end vehicle collisions and 40 age- and sex-matched controls with acute ankle distortion. METHODS: Neck muscle strength and endurance during cervical flexion and extension were measured at 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months and 1 year after injury...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765191/alleviation-of-posttraumatic-dizziness-by-restoration-of-the-cervical-lordosis-a-cbp-%C3%A2-case-study-with-a-one-year-follow-up
#2
Miles O Fortner, Paul A Oakley, Deed E Harrison
[Purpose] To present the successful treatment of posttraumatic dizziness and neck pains that were initiated in a patient following a whiplash event. [Subject and Methods] A 46 year old male suffered a whiplash event that initiated neck pain and dizziness symptoms. The patient had many positive orthopedic findings and demonstrated a forward head posture and cervical hypolordosis. The patient was treated by Chiropractic BioPhysics® technique including cervical extension traction, extension exercises and spinal manipulative therapy initially three times a week for 16-weeks, and once a month thereafter...
May 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750020/prediction-models-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-different-neck-pain-conditions-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Hector Beltran-Alacreu, Ibai López-de-Uralde-Villanueva, César Calvo-Lobo, Roy La Touche, Roberto Cano-de-la-Cuerda, Alfonso Gil-Martínez, David Fernández-Ayuso, Josué Fernández-Carnero
Purpose: The main aim of the study was to predict the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) based on physical, functional, and psychological measures in patients with different types of neck pain (NP). Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study included 202 patients from a primary health center and the physiotherapy outpatient department of a hospital. Patients were divided into four groups according to their NP characteristics: chronic (CNP), acute whiplash (WHIP), chronic NP associated with temporomandibular dysfunction (NP-TMD), or chronic NP associated with chronic primary headache (NP-PH)...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744017/spontaneous-recanalization-after-carotid-artery-dissection-the-case-for-an-ultrasound-only-monitoring-strategy
#4
Sarah Lumsden, Gabor Rosta, Jean Bismuth, Alan B Lumsden, Zsolt Garami
Dissection of the internal carotid artery (ICA) accounts for 5% to 25% of ischemic strokes in young adults. We report a case of spontaneous recanalization of a traumatic ICA dissection in which carotid duplex (CDU) and transcranial color-coded duplex ultrasound (TCCD) were used. A 47-year-old male presented with intermittent episodes of headache, blurry vision, anisocoria, and loss of taste sensation following a whiplash injury while body surfing. Magnetic resonance angiogram (MRA) of the neck revealed absent flow in the cavernous ICA and a clot at the skull base...
October 2017: Methodist DeBakey Cardiovascular Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735513/a-unifying-theory-for-cognitive-abnormalities-in-functional-neurological-disorders-fibromyalgia-and-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Tiago Teodoro, Mark J Edwards, Jeremy D Isaacs
BACKGROUND: Functional cognitive disorder (FCD) describes cognitive dysfunction in the absence of an organic cause. It is increasingly prevalent in healthcare settings yet its key neuropsychological features have not been reported in large patient cohorts. We hypothesised that cognitive profiles in fibromyalgia (FM), chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and functional neurological disorders (FNDs) would provide a template for characterising FCD. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of studies with cognition-related outcomes in FM, CFS and FND...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729179/is-delayed-surgery-after-unsuccessful-conservative-treatment-beneficial-for-spinal-cord-injury-following-whiplash-a-retrospective-study-in-elderly-patients
#6
Tengfei Zhao, Bolaky Landish Yishmaan, Dasheng Lin, Kan Xu, Qiankun Zhou, Ge Yang
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical outcomes of early and delayed surgery in cervical spinal cord injury following whiplash in elderly patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS Our retrospective review identified elderly patients (≥65 years old) with spinal cord injury following whiplash injury from 2006 to 2015. The neck disability index (NDI), modify Japanese Orthopedics Association (mJOA) score, and visual analogue scale (VAS) score were used to evaluate clinical outcomes preoperatively and during follow-up...
May 5, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719724/a-narrative-review-on-cervical-interventions-in-adults-with-chronic-whiplash-associated-disorder
#7
REVIEW
Charlotte Anderson, Euson Yeung, Tiffany Tong, Nick Reed
Introduction: Whiplash injuries are common in society, but clinical interventions are inconclusive on the most effective treatment. Research and reviews have been completed with the goal of determining clinical interventions that are effective for whiplash injuries and disorders, but literature has not recently been summarised on best practices for cervical spine interventions for adults with chronic whiplash. Purpose: The objective of this narrative review is to update and expand on previous works, to provide recommendations for clinical interventions and future research in the area of cervical spine rehabilitation for adults with chronic whiplash-associated disorder...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717236/more-whiplash-weather-in-store-for-california
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712542/2017-jospt-award-recipients
#9
Guy G Simoneau
During the American Physical Therapy Association's Combined Sections Meeting in New Orleans, LA in February 2018, JOSPT recognized the authors of the most outstanding research and clinical practice manuscripts published in JOSPT during 2017. The 2017 George J. Davies-James A. Gould Excellence in Clinical Inquiry Award was presented to Noa Ben-Ami, PT, PhD; Gabriel Chodick, MHA, PhD; Yigal Mirovsky, MD; Tamar Pincus, MPhil, MSc, PhD; and Yair Shapiro, MD, PhD, for their February 2017 article "Increasing Recreational Physical Activity in Patients With Chronic Low Back Pain: A Pragmatic Controlled Clinical Trial...
May 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690828/evidence-for-increased-mri-signal-intensity-and-morphological-changes-in-the-brachial-plexus-and-median-nerves-of-patients-with-chronic-arm-and-neck-pain-following-whiplash-injury
#10
Jane Greening, Kamakshi Anantharaman, Rupert Young, Andrew Dilley
Study Design Cross-sectional study. Background Whiplash following a motor vehicle accident can result in chronic neck and arm pain. Patients frequently present with cutaneous hypersensitivities and hypoesthesia but without obvious clinical sign of nerve injury. T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has previously been used to identify nerve pathology. Objectives To determine whether there are signs of peripheral nerve pathology on MRI in patients with chronic arm and neck pain following whiplash injury...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682354/pathology-and-treatment-of-traumatic-cervical-spine-syndrome-whiplash-injury
#11
REVIEW
Nobuhiro Tanaka, Kivanc Atesok, Kazuyoshi Nakanishi, Naosuke Kamei, Toshio Nakamae, Shinji Kotaka, Nobuo Adachi
Traumatic cervical syndrome comprises the various symptoms that occur as a result of external force such as that of a traffic accident. In 1995, the Quebec Task Force on whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) formulated the Quebec classification, with accompanying clinical practice guidelines. These guidelines were in accordance with the stated clinical isolated or combined symptoms of the syndrome: neck pain, headaches, dizziness, numbness of head or face, eye pain, vision loss, double vision, tinnitus, hearing loss, nausea, and numbness and/or weakness of extremities...
2018: Advances in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669311/a-new-clinical-model-for-facilitating-the-development-of-pattern-recognition-skills-in-clinical-pain-assessment
#12
David M Walton, James M Elliott
Common, enigmatic musculoskeletal conditions such as whiplash-associated disorder, myofascial pain syndrome, low back pain, headache, fibromyalgia, osteoarthritis, and rotator cuff pathology, account for significant social, economic, and personal burdens on a global scale. Despite their primacy (and shared sequelae) there remains a paucity of available and effective management options for patients with both acute and chronic conditions. Establishing an accurate prognostic or diagnostic profile on a patient-by-patient basis can challenge the insight of both novice and expert clinicians...
April 9, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659315/association-between-pain-drawing-and-psychological-factors-in-musculoskeletal-chronic-pain-a-systematic-review
#13
Felipe Reis, Fernanda Guimarães, Leandro Calazans Nogueira, Ney Meziat-Filho, Tiago A Sanchez, Timothy Wideman
BACKGROUND: It has been speculated that there is an association between pain area and psychological factors in chronic musculoskeletal pain conditions; however, this relation is not well established. PURPOSE: To investigate the association between pain distribution and psychological factors in chronic musculoskeletal pain conditions. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: We searched the following databases using optimized search strategies: MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Scopus, Web of Science and Cochrane...
April 16, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658863/swallow-syncope-after-whiplash-neck-injury
#14
Luka Lipar, Pia Vovk, Tereza Weiss, Jus Ksela
Swallow syncope is a rare dysautonomic syndrome characterized by temporary loss of consciousness upon swallowing solid foods or liquids, displaying primarily in individuals with an underlying structural or functional esophageal or cardiac pathology. However, the evidence also suggests that isolated vagal dysfunction or abnormal reactions of esophageal mechanoreceptors after mechanical irritation, demyelination, or trauma can potentially evoke  a cardioinhibitory response or vasodepression upon swallowing. We present a case of a 49-year-old otherwise healthy female patient who developed swallow syncope two weeks after whiplash neck injury acquired in a rear-end collision...
March 5, 2018: Heart Surgery Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625626/characteristics-and-status-of-korean-medicine-use-in-whiplash-associated-disorder-patients
#15
Nohyeon Kim, Byung-Cheul Shin, Joon-Shik Shin, Jinho Lee, Yoon Jae Lee, Me-Riong Kim, Eui-Hyoung Hwang, Chan Yung Jung, Diana Ruan, In-Hyuk Ha
BACKGROUND: Patients are free to choose conventional or Korean medicine treatment under the dual medical system in Korea, and the prevalence of patients who choose Korean medicine treatment for whiplash-associated disorders (WADs) is high. This study analyzed the sociodemographic characteristics and medical service use in this population to provide healthcare providers with basic usage information of complementary and alternative medicine for WAD. METHODS: A total of 8291 outpatients who registered under automobile insurance coverage and visited the main branch of Jaseng Hospital of Korean Medicine from April 1, 2014 to August 10, 2016 were included...
April 6, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602468/do-the-key-prognostic-factors-for-non-specific-neck-pain-have-moderation-effects-a-study-protocol
#16
Arun Prasad Balasundaram, Hilde Stendal Robinson, Nina Køpke Vøllestad
Neck pain is one of the common musculoskeletal conditions prevalent in the general population in Norway. Patients with neck pain, seek treatment from different health professionals such as general practitioners, physiotherapists, chiropractors and alternative medicine practitioners. The interventions for neck pain are typically provided in a primary care or specialised healthcare setting depending on the general practitioners' referral patterns. Clinicians are interested to know the various prognostic factors that can explain the recovery from neck pain...
May 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584503/influence-of-morphological-variations-on-cervical-spine-segmental-responses-from-inertial-loading
#17
Jobin D John, Narayan Yoganandan, Mike W J Arun, G Saravana Kumar
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of morphological variations in osteoligamentous lower cervical spinal segment responses under postero-anterior inertial loading. METHODS: A parametric finite element model of the C5-C6 spinal segment was used to generate models. Variations in the vertebral body and facet depth (anteroposterior), posterior process length, intervertebral disc height, facet articular process height and slope, segment orientation ranging from lordotic to straight, and segment size were parameterized...
February 28, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570722/thoracic-dysfunction-in-whiplash-associated-disorders-a-systematic-review
#18
Nicola R Heneghan, Richard Smith, Isaak Tyros, Deborah Falla, Alison Rushton
BACKGROUND: Research investigating Whiplash Associated Disorder (WAD) has largely focused on the cervical spine yet symptoms can be widespread. Thoracic spine pain prevalence is reported ~66%; perhaps unsurprising given the forceful stretch/eccentric loading of posterior structures of the spine, and the thoracic spine's contribution to neck mobility/function. Approximately 50% WAD patients develop chronic pain and disability resulting in high levels of societal and healthcare costs. It is time to look beyond the cervical spine to fully understand anatomical dysfunction in WAD and provide new directions for clinical practice and research...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547063/assessing-the-existence-of-dissociative-ptsd-in-sub-acute-patients-of-whiplash
#19
Maj Hansen, Philip Hyland, Cherie Armour, Tonny E Andersen
Numerous studies investigating dissociative posttraumatic stress disorder (D-PTSD) have emerged. However, there is a lack of studies investigating D-PTSD following a wider range of traumatic exposure. Thus, the present study investigates D-PTSD using latent class analysis (LCA) in sub-acute patients of whiplash and associated risk factors. The results of LCA showed a three-class solution primarily distributed according to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom severity and thus no indication of D-PTSD...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545691/cervical-extension-traction-as-part-of-a-multimodal-rehabilitation-program-relieves-whiplash-associated-disorders-in-a-patient-having-failed-previous-chiropractic-treatment-a-cbp-%C3%A2-case-report
#20
Miles O Fortner, Paul A Oakley, Deed E Harrison
[Purpose] To present the case of the non-surgical restoration of cervical lordosis in a patient suffering from chronic whiplash syndrome including chronic neck pain and daily headaches resulting from previous whiplash. [Subject and Methods] A 31 year old female presented with a chief complaint of chronic neck pain and headaches for 12 years, correlating temporally with a sustained whiplash. These symptoms were not significantly relieved by previous chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy. The patient had cervical hypolordosis and was treated with Chiropractic BioPhysics® protocol including extension exercises, manual adjustments and cervical extension traction designed to increase the cervical lordosis...
February 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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