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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541907/overweight-and-diabetes-prevention-is-a-low-carbohydrate-high-fat-diet-recommendable
#1
REVIEW
Fred Brouns
In the past, different types of diet with a generally low-carbohydrate content (< 50-< 20 g/day) have been promoted, for weight loss and diabetes, and the effectiveness of a very low dietary carbohydrate content has always been a matter of debate. A significant reduction in the amount of carbohydrates in the diet is usually accompanied by an increase in the amount of fat and to a lesser extent, also protein. Accordingly, using the term "low carb-high fat" (LCHF) diet is most appropriate...
March 14, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535083/low-calorie-and-low-carb-diets-for-weight-loss-in-primary-care
#2
Jane Feinmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385034/liver-fat-scores-moderately-reflect-interventional-changes-in-liver-fat-content-by-a-low-fat-diet-but-not-by-a-low-carb-diet
#3
Stefan Kabisch, Sabrina Bäther, Ulrike Dambeck, Margrit Kemper, Christiana Gerbracht, Caroline Honsek, Anna Sachno, Andreas F H Pfeiffer
BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common metabolic disorder all over the world, mainly being associated with a sedentary lifestyle, adiposity, and nutrient imbalance. The increasing prevalence of NAFLD accommodates similar developments for type 2 diabetes and diabetes-related comorbidities and complications. Therefore, early detection of NAFLD is an utmost necessity. Potentially helpful tools for the prediction of NAFLD are liver fat indices. The fatty liver index (FLI) and the NAFLD-liver fat score (NAFLD-LFS) have been recently introduced for this aim...
January 31, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368448/low-carbohydrate-diets-may-increase-risk-of-neural-tube-defects
#4
Tania A Desrosiers, Anna Maria Siega-Riz, Bridget S Mosley, Robert E Meyer
BACKGROUND: Folic acid fortification significantly reduced the prevalence of neural tube defects (NTDs) in the United States. The popularity of "low carb" diets raises concern that women who intentionally avoid carbohydrates, thereby consuming fewer fortified foods, may not have adequate dietary intake of folic acid. METHODS: To assess the association between carbohydrate intake and NTDs, we analyzed data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study from 1,740 mothers of infants, stillbirths, and terminations with anencephaly or spina bifida (cases), and 9,545 mothers of live born infants without a birth defect (controls) conceived between 1998 and 2011...
January 25, 2018: Birth Defects Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320401/mediterranean-diet-and-other-dietary-patterns-in-primary-prevention-of-heart-failure-and-changes-in-cardiac-function-markers-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Karina Sanches Machado d'Almeida, Stefanny Ronchi Spillere, Priccila Zuchinali, Gabriela Corrêa Souza
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is a complex syndrome and is recognized as the ultimate pathway of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Studies using nutritional strategies based on dietary patterns have proved to be effective for the prevention and treatment of CVD. Although there are studies that support the protective effect of these diets, their effects on the prevention of HF are not clear yet. METHODS: We searched the Medline, Embase, and Cochrane databases for studies that examined dietary patterns, such as dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH diet), paleolithic, vegetarian, low-carb and low-fat diets and prevention of HF...
January 10, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978421/dietary-carbohydrates-impair-healthspan-and-promote-mortality
#6
Meenakshi Ravichandran, Gerald Grandl, Michael Ristow
The prospective cohort study, named PURE, found that in >135,000 participants from 18 countries, nutritive carbohydrates increase human mortality, whereas dietary fat reduces it, requesting a fundamental change of current nutritional guidelines. Experimental evidence from animal models provides synergizing mechanistic concepts as well as pharmacological options to mimic low-carb or ketogenic diets.
October 3, 2017: Cell Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877453/disentangling-high-fat-low-carb-and-healthy-aging
#7
Holly M Brown-Borg
Dietary interventions are simple, non-invasive tools that can be utilized to improve health and lifespan. In this issue, Roberts et al. (2017) and Newman et al. (2017) reveal the physiological benefits of feeding mice ketogenic diets and suggest different underlying mechanisms that may promote healthy aging.
September 5, 2017: Cell Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396492/the-geometric-framework-for-nutrition-reveals-interactions-between-protein-and-carbohydrate-during-larval-growth-in-honey-bees
#8
Bryan R Helm, Garett P Slater, Arun Rajamohan, George D Yocum, Kendra J Greenlee, Julia H Bowsher
In holometabolous insects, larval nutrition affects adult body size, a life history trait with a profound influence on performance and fitness. Individual nutritional components of larval diets are often complex and may interact with one another, necessitating the use of a geometric framework for elucidating nutritional effects. In the honey bee, Apis mellifera, nurse bees provision food to developing larvae, directly moderating growth rates and caste development. However, the eusocial nature of honey bees makes nutritional studies challenging, because diet components cannot be systematically manipulated in the hive...
June 15, 2017: Biology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254873/inter-and-intraobserver-agreement-of-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-image-interpretation-in-patients-referred-for-assessment-of-cardiac-sarcoidosis
#9
Hiroshi Ohira, Brian Mc Ardle, Robert A deKemp, Pablo Nery, Daniel Juneau, Jennifer M Renaud, Ran Klein, Owen Clarkin, Karen MacDonald, Eugene Leung, Girish Nair, Rob Beanlands, David Birnie
Recent studies have reported the usefulness of 18 F-FDG PET in aiding with the diagnosis and management of patients with cardiac sarcoidosis (CS). However, image interpretation of 18 F-FDG PET for CS is sometimes challenging. We sought to investigate the inter- and intraobserver agreement and explore factors that led to important discrepancies between readers. Methods: We studied consecutive patients with no significant coronary artery disease who were referred for assessment of CS. Two experienced readers masked to clinical information, imaging reports, independently reviewed 18 F-FDG PET/CT images...
August 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733250/a-human-model-of-dietary-saturated-fatty-acid-induced-insulin-resistance
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Juraj Koska, Marlies K Ozias, James Deer, Julie Kurtz, Arline D Salbe, S Mitchell Harman, Peter D Reaven
BACKGROUND: Increased consumption of high-fat diets is associated with the development of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Current models to study the mechanisms of high-fat diet-induced IR in humans are limited by their long duration or low efficacy. In the present study we developed and characterized an acute dietary model of saturated fatty acid-enriched diet induced insulin resistance. METHODS: High caloric diets enriched with saturated fatty acids (SFA) or carbohydrates (CARB) were evaluated in subjects with normal and impaired glucose tolerance (NGT or IGT)...
November 2016: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27494448/long-term-effects-of-weight-loss-with-a-very-low-carbohydrate-low-saturated-fat-diet-on-flow-mediated-dilatation-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Thomas P Wycherley, Campbell H Thompson, Jonathan D Buckley, Natalie D Luscombe-Marsh, Manny Noakes, Gary A Wittert, Grant D Brinkworth
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Very-low carbohydrate diets can improve glycaemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). However, compared to traditional higher carbohydrate, low fat (HighCHO) diets, they have been associated with impaired endothelial function (measured by flow mediated dilatation [FMD]) that is possibly related to saturated fat. This study aimed to examine the effects of a 12-month hypocaloric very-low carbohydrate, low saturated fat (LowCHO) diet compared to an isocaloric HighCHO diet...
September 2016: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490353/-characteristics-of-nutrition-in-competitive-sports-ranging-from-leisure-activities-to-high-performance-athletics
#12
REVIEW
H Braun
Nutrition has a crucial influence on physical and mental performance ability and is an important measure along sidetraining in high-performance athletes. However, this form of nutritionis not applicable for every athlete and in every situation. The question of optimal nutrition requires involvement with the particular type of sports, an athlete's current training stage, and athletes' individual requirements and objectives. Implementation takes time and individual motivation on the part of athletes and the specialist staff who engage intensively with the nutritional needs of athletes...
August 2016: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26487764/dietary-intake-in-swedish-medical-students-during-2007-2012
#13
Ellinor Fredriksson, Hilde Kristin Brekke, Lars Ellegård
BACKGROUND: The dietary intake in Swedish medical students has been reported for the periods 1987-1993 and 1994-2006. OBJECTIVE: To analyse dietary intake in medical students between 2007 and 2012, in relation to Nordic Nutrition Recommendations, to previous surveys and to a contemporary Swedish population. DESIGN: Nutrient intake was calculated from 3-day food records conducted by 698 medical students. The differences between surveys were evaluated using a t-test and the changes over time by linear regression...
February 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26223127/-therapeutic-effects-and-mechanisms-of-opuntia-dillenii-haw-on-atherosclerosis-of-rats
#14
Yu-chun Wang, Zhan-peng Qi, Zhen-zhong Liu, Tao Li, Hong-xia Cui, Bao-qing Wang, Na Chi
The research aimed to investigate the therapeutic effects and mechanisms of Opuntia dillenii Haw polysaccharide (OPS) on atherosclerosis of rats. First atherosclerotic rat models were established by high-fat and high-calcium diet. Thirty days later, the rats were treated with low dosage of OPS (0.2 g x kg(-1) x d(-1)) or high dosage of OPS (0.4 g x kg(-1) x d(-1)) by intraperitoneal injection for 60 days continuously. At the end of treatment, thoracic aorta rings were prepared and vasorelaxation of rat thoracic aorta in different experiment groups were determined by using 620M multi wire myograph system in vitro...
April 2015: Yao Xue Xue Bao, Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26178720/diets-with-high-fat-cheese-high-fat-meat-or-carbohydrate-on-cardiovascular-risk-markers-in-overweight-postmenopausal-women-a-randomized-crossover-trial
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Tanja K Thorning, Farinaz Raziani, Nathalie T Bendsen, Arne Astrup, Tine Tholstrup, Anne Raben
BACKGROUND: Heart associations recommend limited intake of saturated fat. However, effects of saturated fat on low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol concentrations and cardiovascular disease risk might depend on nutrients and specific saturated fatty acids (SFAs) in food. OBJECTIVE: We explored the effects of cheese and meat as sources of SFAs or isocaloric replacement with carbohydrates on blood lipids, lipoproteins, and fecal excretion of fat and bile acids...
September 2015: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25984419/improved-clinical-outcomes-of-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-utilizing-integrative-medicine-a-case-report
#16
Diane E Grise, Heath M McAllister, Jeffrey Langland
This case report demonstrates a successful approach to managing patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2). Botanical herbs (including Gymnema sylvestre) and nutrients (including alpha lipoic acid and chromium) were used alongside metformin to help improve insulin sensitization; however, the greatest emphasis of treatment for this patient centered on a low-carbohydrate, whole-foods diet and regular exercise that shifted the focus to the patient's role in controlling their disease. Research on DM2 often focuses on improving drug efficacy while diet and lifestyle are generally overlooked as both a preventive and curative tool...
May 2015: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25797030/a-low-carbohydrate-high-protein-diet-suppresses-intratumoral-androgen-synthesis-and-slows-castration-resistant-prostate-tumor-growth-in-mice
#17
H Bobby Fokidis, Mei Yieng Chin, Victor W Ho, Hans H Adomat, Kiran K Soma, Ladan Fazli, Ka Mun Nip, Michael Cox, Gerald Krystal, Amina Zoubeidi, Emma S Tomlinson Guns
Dietary factors continue to preside as dominant influences in prostate cancer prevalence and progression-free survival following primary treatment. We investigated the influence of a low carbohydrate diet, compared to a typical Western diet, on prostate cancer (PCa) tumor growth in vivo. LNCaP xenograft tumor growth was studied in both intact and castrated mice, representing a more advanced castration resistant PCa (CRPC). No differences in LNCaP tumor progression (total tumor volume) with diet was observed for intact mice (P = 0...
June 2015: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25431232/glycogen-storage-disease-type-iii-modified-atkins-diet-improves-myopathy
#18
Sebene Mayorandan, Uta Meyer, Hans Hartmann, Anibh Martin Das
BACKGROUND: Frequent feeds with carbohydrate-rich meals or continuous enteral feeding has been the therapy of choice in glycogen storage disease (Glycogenosis) type III. Recent guidelines on diagnosis and management recommend frequent feedings with high complex carbohydrates or cornstarch avoiding fasting in children, while in adults a low-carb-high-protein-diet is recommended. While this regimen can prevent hypoglycaemia in children it does not improve skeletal and heart muscle function, which are compromised in patients with glycogenosis IIIa...
2014: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25089189/tailoring-dietary-approaches-for-weight-loss
#19
C D Gardner
Although the 'Low-Fat' diet was the predominant public health recommendation for weight loss and weight control for the past several decades, the obesity epidemic continued to grow during this time period. An alternative 'low-carbohydrate' (Low-Carb) approach, although originally dismissed and even vilified, was comparatively tested in a series of studies over the past decade, and has been found in general to be as effective, if not more, as the Low-Fat approach for weight loss and for several related metabolic health measures...
July 2012: International Journal of Obesity Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24823978/-formula-diets-as-baseline-therapy-for-type-2-diabetes
#20
S Martin, K Kempf
HISTORY AND ADMISSION FINDINGS: Case 1: 59-year-old man with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus. Case 2: 69-year-old woman with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus. INVESTIGATIONS: Case 1: BMI 36,8 kg/m2. Biochemical evaluation were normal except elevated transaminases. Case 2: BMI 37,0 kg/m2. Abdominal ultrasound showed a fatty liver. THERAPY AND FOLLOW UP: Both patients underwent a 12-week interven tion with a formula diet. In the first week the three principle meals were replaced by the formular diet...
May 2014: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
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