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Angiomyolipoma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525455/18f-fdg-pet-ct-of-malignant-angiomyolipoma-with-tumor-thrombus
#1
Andrew Griffin
Renal angiomyolipomas are the most common renal mesenchymal tumors. While classic angiomyolipomas are benign, there are a number of other subtypes. Epithelioid variants are potentially malignant and may be indistinguishable from renal cell carcinoma on imaging. We present a 52-year-old woman who underwent left nephrectomy for an aggressive-appearing malignant renal epithelioid angiomyolipoma. At 6 months postoperatively, restaging FDG PET/CT demonstrated a hypermetabolic left adrenal mass extending to the left adrenal vein, left renal vein, inferior vena cava, and right atrium (SUVmax = 12)...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506049/-laparoscopic-non-ischemic-partial-nephrectomy-using-a-microwave-tissue-coagulator-a-single-institutional-study
#2
Shinji Fukui, Yusuke Iemura, Yoshiaki Matsumura, Yoriaki Kagebayashi, Shoji Samma
We retrospectively investigated the surgical outcomes of renal cell carcinoma (RCC), perioperative complications, and residual renal function in patients receiving laparoscopic non-ischemic partial nephrectomy using a microwave tissue coagulator (MTC). Between January 2002 and December 2015, laparoscopic non-ischemic partial nephrectomy using MTC was performed in 49 patients. The histological diagnosis was RCC in 38 patients, angiomyolipoma in 4, oncocytoma in 2, and others in 5. A histologicallyproven positive surgical margin was observed in 1 (2...
April 2017: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498973/chordoma-occurs-in-young-children-with-tuberous-sclerosis
#3
Nathan A Dahl, Timothy Luebbert, Michele Loi, Ilana Neuberger, Michael H Handler, Bette Kay Kleinschmidt-DeMasters, Jean M Mulcahy Levy
Chordomas are rare bony neoplasms usually unassociated with a familial tumor predisposition syndrome. The peak incidence of this midline axial skeletal tumor is in adulthood but when very young children are affected, consideration should be given to occurrence within the tuberous sclerosis (TS) complex, especially when presenting in neonates <3 months of age. To call attention to this association, we present a brachyury-immunopositive chordoma occurring in the skull base of a 2-month-old male infant who was later realized to have metastases to the subcutaneous tissues and lungs, as well as rhabdomyoma of the heart and renal cysts/angiomyolipomas, that is, characteristic features of the TS complex...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496353/early-manifestations-of-renal-disease-in-patients-with-tuberous-sclerosis-complex
#4
Laura Malaga-Dieguez, Robert Spencer, Laura J Pehrson, Suzanne Vento, Kimberly Menzer, Orrin Devinsky, Howard Trachtman
OBJECTIVES: Renal manifestations are the second most significant cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), and include renal cysts, angiomyolipomas, fat-poor lesions, and malignant tumors. These lesions begin in childhood and often lead to chronic kidney disease (CKD). Little is known on the incidence of early modifiable risk factors of CKD, such as proteinuria and hypertension, or subtle decreases in glomerular filtration rate that correspond to the early stages of CKD in children with TSC...
2017: International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449573/a-case-of-ruptured-hepatic-angiomyolipoma-in-a-young-male
#5
Sun Hwa Kim, Tae Wook Kang, Kyunghee Lim, Hyun Sung Joh, Jiseok Kang, Dong Hyun Sinn
A 31-year-old male visited a local hospital due to sudden-onset severe abdominal pain. Abdominal computed tomography revealed a solid cystic mass with a size of approximately 12 cm and exhibiting both hemorrhage and fluid collection in the pelvic cavity. Emergency angiography and embolization were performed, and a large hepatic tumor was subsequently surgically resected. The tumor cells stained positive for human melanoma black-45 and smooth-muscle actin, and the pathologic diagnosis was hepatic angiomyolipoma...
April 28, 2017: Clinical and Molecular Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439198/assessment-of-tumors-in-children-with-tuberous-sclerosis-a-single-centre-s-experience
#6
Suna Emir, Şadan Hacısalihoğlu, Derya Özyörük, Filiz Ekici, Aydan Değerliyurt, Alev Güven, İlker Çetin
AIM: As a result of mutations in TSC1 (9q34) and TSC2 (16p13.3) tumor supressor genes, the mammalian target of the rapamycin (mTor) signaling pathway is overactivated in patients with tuberous sclerosis. Abnormal cell proliferation and differentiation is responsible for the growth several different tumors. The aim of this study was to review tumors in our patients with tuberous sclerosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-six patients with tuberous sclerosis were reviewed retrospectively in terms of age, sex, family history, clinical findings, presence of tumors, and treatments...
March 2017: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433983/pulmonary-metastasis-from-renal-epithelioid-angiomyolipoma-in-the-setting-of-breast-cancer
#7
Eoin MacCraith, Aoife McCarthy, Niall Swan, David Quinlan
A 68-year-old woman presented with visible haematuria. Ultrasonography and triphasic CT revealed a 2.6 cm mass in the lower pole of the left kidney. A biopsy suggested low-grade renal cell carcinoma. Radical nephrectomy was performed and revealed an epithelioid angiomyolipoma. At year 3, the patient developed ductal carcinoma of the right breast and underwent a wide local excision and sentinel lymph node biopsy followed by chemotherapy and radiotherapy. 4 months later, she was noted to have a 1.6 cm nodule in the middle lobe of her right lung...
April 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415927/transarterial-embolization-for-renal-angiomyolipomas-a-single-centre-experience-in-79-patients
#8
Chengen Wang, Min Yang, Xiaoqiang Tong, Jian Wang, Haitao Guan, Guochen Niu, Ziguang Yan, Bihui Zhang, Yinghua Zou
Objective To evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of selective arterial embolization (SAE) in the treatment of renal angiomyolipomas (AMLs). Methods This was a retrospective review of medical records and imaging findings from patients with renal AMLs who attended our clinic and received SAE between January 2007 and January 2014. Only patents with complete medical records, preoperative computed tomography scans using typical imaging and follow-up data were included. Results A total of 79 patients were enrolled in the study...
April 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415596/renal-mass-biopsy-using-raman-spectroscopy-identifies-malignant-and-benign-renal-tumors-potential-for-pre-operative-diagnosis
#9
Yufei Liu, Zhebin Du, Jin Zhang, Haowen Jiang
The accuracy of renal mass biopsy to diagnose malignancy can be affected by multiple factors. Here, we investigated the feasibility of Raman spectroscopy to distinguish malignant and benign renal tumors using biopsy specimens. Samples were collected from 63 patients who received radical or partial nephrectomy, mass suspicious of cancer and distal parenchyma were obtained from resected kidney using an 18-gauge biopsy needle. Four Raman spectra were obtained for each sample, and Discriminant Analysis was applied for data analysis...
March 21, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414661/delayed-presentation-of-tuberour-sclerosis-complex-in-adult-women
#10
J Manalac, S Sadd, G Akoghlanian, T Benoit-Clark
INTRODUCTION: Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC); is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by the formation of hamartomatous lesions in multiple organs, with a birth incidence of around one in 10,000. Although it usually manifests itself in early life, we present a case of an adult woman who we diagnosed with TSC. CASE: A 27 year old woman presented to Emergency Department with worsening right flank pain and progressive dyspnea. Physical examination findings revealed Shagreen patches and multiple angiomyolipomas of the skin...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413382/angiomyolipoma-with-epithelial-cysts-masquerading-as-a-cystic-renal-cell-carcinoma
#11
Andrew Wood, Fiona Young, Marie O'Donnell
Angiomyolipoma with epithelial cysts (AMLEC) is a very uncommon renal tumor. AMLEC has a characteristic histological appearance and immunohistochemical staining pattern, knowledge of which should preclude misdiagnosis by pathologists. We present a rare case of an AMLEC which was suspected to be a cystic renal cell carcinoma radiologically. We describe the characteristic immunological staining pattern and ultrastructural features of this lesion and discuss the potential differential diagnoses.
January 2017: Current Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407628/super-selective-artery-embolization-before-laparoscopic-partial-nephrectomy-in-treating-renal-angiomyolipoma
#12
Chao Qin, YiChun Wang, Pengchao Li, Pu Li, Jun Tao, Pengfei Shao, Qiang Lv
INTRODUCTION: To investigate the feasibility and efficiency of super-selective artery embolization (SAE) before laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) in treating renal angiomyolipoma (RAML). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 36 consecutive patients who underwent SAE before LPN (group A, n = 16) or LPN directly (group B, n = 20) from June 2010 to March 2016. Intraoperative blood loss, blood transfusion, operation time, warm ischemia time (WIT), and prognosis were compared between groups...
April 14, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400076/can-tumor-to-cortex-echogenicity-ratio-differentiate-angiomyolipomas-from-other-hyper-echoic-renal-masses
#13
Peiman Habibollahi, Anil Chauhan, Laith R Sultan, Lisa P Jones, Chandra M Sehgal
A retrospective study was performed to evaluate the diagnostic value of tumor-to-cortex echogenicity ratio (TCER) in the characterization of hyper-echoic renal masses. The radiology database was queried between 2012 and 2014 for hyper-echoic renal masses on the basis of defined exclusion and inclusion criteria. Each included mass was characterized as either an angiomyolipoma (AML) or a non-AML based on pre-defined criteria. The ratio of renal mass echogenicity to that of adjacent renal cortex (TCER) was calculated for each mass using commercially available software...
April 8, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398159/ruptured-angiomyolipoma-of-the-kidney-a-rare-differential-diagnosis-of-flank-pain
#14
Maximilian Peter Brandt, Igor Tsaur, Stefan Vallo, Marieke Krimphove, Claudia Frellesen, Thomas Vogl, Thomas Hoefner, Georg Bartsch, Axel Haferkamp, Christian Thomas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387661/effectiveness-and-safety-of-laparoscopic-enucleation-combined-with-selective-arterial-embolization-for-renal-angiomyolipoma
#15
Dong Wang, Han-Zhong Li, Zhi-Gang Ji
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the clinical value of laparoscopic enucleation combined with selective arterial embolization for the treatment of renal angiomyolipoma. METHODS: Data of patients who underwent laparoscopic nephron-sparing surgery for renal angiomyolipoma between July 2013 and November 2014 in our center were analyzed. RESULTS: Before surgery, 19 patients underwent selective arterial embolization, while 24 patients did not receive this treatment...
March 31, 2017: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386314/recent-advances-and-challenges-of-mtor-inhibitors-use-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-tuberous-sclerosis-complex
#16
REVIEW
Filipe Palavra, Conceição Robalo, Flávio Reis
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a genetic condition characterized by the presence of benign, noninvasive, and tumor-like lesions called hamartomas that can affect multiple organ systems and are responsible for the clinical features of the disease. In the majority of cases, TSC results from mutations in the TSC1 and TSC2 genes, leading to the overactivation of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signalling pathway, which controls several cell functions, including cell growth, proliferation, and survival...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376281/differentiation-of-fat-poor-angiomyolipoma-from-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma-in-contrast-enhanced-mdct-images-using-quantitative-feature-classification
#17
Han Sang Lee, Helen Hong, Dae Chul Jung, Seunghyun Park, Junmo Kim
PURPOSE: To develop a computer-aided classification system to differentiate benign fat-poor angiomyolipoma (fp-AML) from malignant clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) using quantitative feature classification on histogram and texture patterns from contrast-enhanced multi-detector computer tomography (CE MDCT) images. METHODS: A dataset including 50 CE MDCT images of 25 fp-AML and 25 ccRCC patients was used. From these images, the tumors were manually segmented by an expert radiologist to define the regions of interest (ROI)...
April 4, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367409/angiomyolipoma-of-the-adrenal-gland-a-case-presentation-and-a-review-of-adrenal-lipomatous-tumors
#18
Ali Antar, Alexander Boyle, Trushar Patel
Angiomyolipoma (AML) is a typically benign renal tumor derived from mesenchymal tissue. Extrarenal occurrences of AML are possible, but the adrenals are an exceedingly rare site. To date, a total of 4 cases of adrenal AML have been documented in the English literature.(1-3) We present a case of right-sided adrenal AML found in a patient who initially presented with right-sided flank pain. Differential diagnosis of adrenal masses should include lipomatous tumors, as operative considerations and prognoses can be drastically altered...
May 2017: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358266/natural-history-of-patients-with-tuberous-sclerosis-complex-related-renal-angiomyolipoma
#19
Xue Song, Zhimei Liu, Katherine Cappell, Christopher Gregory, Qayyim Said, Judith Prestifilippo, Hearns Charles, John Hulbert, John Bissler
OBJECTIVE: To examine temporal relationships between tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) and renal angiomyolipoma diagnosis and outcomes, treatment, and healthcare utilization. METHODS: Administrative data from the MarketScan® Commercial Database were used to select TSC-renal angiomyolipoma patients during 1/1/2000-3/31/2013. Patients were followed until the earliest of inpatient death or end of enrollment or study. Occurrence of kidney-related outcomes, kidney-related procedures, and all-cause healthcare utilization and time to occurrence were reported...
March 30, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336972/microsatellite-analysis-for-differentiating-the-origin-of-renal-angiomyolipoma-and-involved-regional-lymph-node
#20
Ping Tan, Huan Xu, Yong Jiang, Lu Yang, Yan Zou, Liangren Liu, Nian Liu, Dehong Cao, Yu Fan, Qiyuan Li, Qiang Wei
Renal angiomyolipoma (AML) with the regional lymph node (LN) involved leads to a question of metastasis versus multicentric origin when their histology are similar. As the genomic instability is a common feature of cancer, we hypothesized that independently arising neoplasms in an individual patient would exhibit measurable genomic variation, facilitating the discrimination of tumor lineage and relatedness. Our study enrolled 12 patients who were diagnosed with nodal-involved renal AML at West China Hospital...
March 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
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