keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Motivation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444553/evaluation-of-biomarkers-for-treatment-selection-using-individual-participant-data-from-multiple-clinical-trials
#1
Chaeryon Kang, Holly Janes, Parvin Tajik, Henk Groen, Ben Mol, Corine Koopmans, Kim Broekhuijsen, Eva Zwertbroek, Maria van Pampus, Maureen Franssen
Biomarkers that predict treatment effects may be used to guide treatment decisions, thus improving patient outcomes. A meta-analysis of individual participant data (IPD) is potentially more powerful than a single-study data analysis in evaluating markers for treatment selection. Our study was motivated by the IPD that were collected from 2 randomized controlled trials of hypertension and preeclampsia among pregnant women to evaluate the effect of labor induction over expectant management of the pregnancy in preventing progression to severe maternal disease...
February 14, 2018: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444289/knowledge-attitude-and-behaviors-of-health-professionals-towards-smoking-cessation-in-primary-healthcare-settings
#2
Abdullah Matouq, Yousef Khader, Albaraa Khader, Anas Al-Rabadi, Mousa Al Omari, Ibrahim Iblan, Nihaya Al-Sheyab
This study aimed to assess the behaviors of multiple health professionals in primary healthcare settings in Jordan towards smoking cessation counseling and to determine the barriers to effective smoking cessation behaviors. A survey of 456 health professionals in primary healthcare settings was conducted. A self-administrated questionnaire was used to collect the data. About half of health professionals reported that they usually ask patients about smoking status and advise them to stop smoking (51.4% and 50...
February 10, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444268/advancing-tobacco-product-warning-labels-research-methods-and-theory-a-summary-of-a-grantee-meeting-held-by-the-us-national-cancer-institute
#3
James F Thrasher, Noel T Brewer, Jeff Niederdeppe, Ellen Peters, Andrew A Strasser, Rachel Grana, Annette R Kaufman
Background: The World Health Organization's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control recommends prominent pictorial health warnings on tobacco products. To advance research methods, theory and understanding of how tobacco product warning labels (TPWLs) work, the US National Cancer Institute convened a grantee meeting. Our article describes the key insights that emerged from the meeting, situated within the context of the scientific literature. Results & Recommendations: First, presentations confirmed that large, pictorial TPWLs motivate people to try to quit and encourage smoking cessation...
February 10, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444230/social-movement-involvement-and-healthy-diet-and-activity-behaviors-among-us-adults
#4
Elizabeth A Emley, Dara R Musher-Eizenman
Unhealthy lifestyle behaviors, namely poor diet and inadequate physical activity, significantly contribute to poor health and obesity risk, which in turn impact chronic illness outcomes. A possible approach to improving these health behaviors and subsequent outcomes is to capitalize on the theorized link between social movement involvement and overlapping health behaviors. Social movement involvement may be a viable stealth intervention for health, utilizing intrinsic motivators to improve health without an explicit focus on changing health behavior...
February 12, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444179/capability-beliefs-on-and-use-of-evidence-based-practice-among-four-health-professional-and-student-groups-in-geriatric-care-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Anne-Marie Boström, Disa K Sommerfeld, Annika W Stenhols, Anna Kiessling
Implementation of evidence-based practice (EBP) is a complex task. This study, conducted in an acute geriatric setting, aims to compare self-reported capability beliefs on EBP between health professionals and students, and to compare the use of EBP between health professional groups. Occupational therapists, physicians, physiotherapists and registered nurses with three or more months' employment, and all students from the occupational therapy, medical, physiotherapy and nursing programs, who had conducted workplace learning at the department, were invited...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444137/anxiety-is-not-enough-to-drive-me-away-a-latent-profile-analysis-on-math-anxiety-and-math-motivation
#6
Zhe Wang, Nicholas Shakeshaft, Kerry Schofield, Margherita Malanchini
Mathematics anxiety (MA) and mathematics motivation (MM) are important multi-dimensional non-cognitive factors in mathematics learning. While the negative relation between global MA and MM is well replicated, the relations between specific dimensions of MA and MM are largely unexplored. The present study utilized latent profile analysis to explore profiles of various aspects of MA (including learning MA and exam MA) and MM (including importance, self-perceived ability, and interest), to provide a more holistic understanding of the math-specific emotion and motivation experiences...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444028/doughnut-shaped-emission-from-vertical-organic-nanowire-coupled-to-thin-plasmonic-film
#7
Adarsh B Vasista, Ravi P N Tripathi, Shailendra K Chaubey, Sunny Tiwari, G V Pavan Kumar
Vertical nanowires facilitate an innovative mechanism to channel the optical field in the orthogonal direction and act as a nanoscale light source. Subwavelength, vertically oriented nanowire platforms, both of plasmonic and semiconducting variety, can facilitate interesting far-field emission profiles and potentially carry orbital angular momentum states. Motivated by these prospects, in this Letter, we show how a hybrid plasmonic-organic platform can be harnessed to engineer far-field radiation. The system that we have employed is an organic nanowire made of diaminoanthroquinone grown on a plasmonic gold film...
February 15, 2018: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443038/all-electronic-nanosecond-resolved-scanning-tunneling-microscopy-facilitating-the-investigation-of-single-dopant-charge-dynamics
#8
Mohammad Rashidi, Wyatt Vine, Jacob A J Burgess, Marco Taucer, Roshan Achal, Jason L Pitters, Sebastian Loth, Robert A Wolkow
The miniaturization of semiconductor devices to scales where small numbers of dopants can control device properties requires the development of new techniques capable of characterizing their dynamics. Investigating single dopants requires sub-nanometer spatial resolution, which motivates the use of scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). However, conventional STM is limited to millisecond temporal resolution. Several methods have been developed to overcome this shortcoming, including all-electronic time-resolved STM, which is used in this study to examine dopant dynamics in silicon with nanosecond resolution...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442610/balancing-statistical-and-ethical-considerations-in-planning-clinical-trials-recommendations-for-response-adaptive-randomization-urn-designs
#9
Annalisa V Piccorelli, Sarah A Fraker
During a clinical trial, balancing statistical and ethical considerations are important. Response-adaptive randomization methods use the information from past patients to increase the probability of the next patient receiving the better treatment while avoiding the statistical concern of selection bias. We compared three response-adaptive randomization urn designs, Randomized Play-the-Winner, Modified Play-the-Winner, and Birth-and-Death Urn with Immigration, to the traditional equal allocation design with respect to power and allocation of patients to the better treatment...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Biopharmaceutical Statistics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442429/towards-k-ion-and-na-ion-batteries-as-beyond-li-ion
#10
REVIEW
Kei Kubota, Mouad Dahbi, Tomooki Hosaka, Shinichi Kumakura, Shinichi Komaba
Li-ion battery commercialized by Sony in 1991 has the highest energy-density among practical rechargeable batteries and is widely used in electronic devices, electric vehicles, and stationary energy storage system in the world. Moreover, the battery market is rapidly growing in the world and further fast-growing is expected. With expansion of the demand and applications, price of lithium and cobalt resources is increasing. We are, therefore, motivated to study Na- and K-ion batteries for stationary energy storage system because of much abundant Na and K resources and the wide distribution in the world...
February 14, 2018: Chemical Record: An Official Publication of the Chemical Society of Japan ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442284/sex-differences-in-the-neural-underpinnings-of-social-and-monetary-incentive-processing-during-adolescence
#11
Ellen Greimel, Sarolta Bakos, Iris Landes, Thomas Töllner, Jürgen Bartling, Gregor Kohls, Gerd Schulte-Körne
The brain's reward system undergoes major changes during adolescence, and an increased reactivity to social and nonsocial incentives has been described as a typical feature during this transitional period. Little is known whether there are sex differences in the brain's responsiveness to social or monetary incentives during adolescence. The aim of this event-related potential (ERP) study was to compare the neurophysiological underpinnings of monetary and social incentive processing in adolescent boys versus girls...
February 13, 2018: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442079/effect-of-orthodontic-pain-on-quality-of-life-of-patients-undergoing-orthodontic-treatment
#12
Sujoy Banerjee, Rajlakshmi Banerjee, Usha Shenoy, Sanket Agarkar, Sangeeta Bhattacharya
Introduction: Pain is an important aspect of oral health-related quality of life (OHRQOL). Understanding how patients' pain experiences during their treatment affect their quality of life (QOL) is important and the absence of pain/discomfort is important for achieving a high QOL. Aim and Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between pain and OHRQOL among patients wearing fixed orthodontic appliances and to evaluate whether patient motivation and counseling had an effect on the pain and discomfort...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441654/effect-of-rivastigmine-on-plasma-butyrylcholine-esterase-activity-and-plasma-ghrelin-levels-in-patients-with-dementia-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#13
Atsushi Kuroda, Manabu Setoguchi, Yasushi Uchino, Kazuya Nagata, Daisuke Hokonohara
AIM: Alzheimer's disease causes loss of appetite, resulting in bodyweight reduction. This, in turn, causes progression of cognitive dysfunction and physical complications that hasten death. Earlier care for loss of appetite is essential in Alzheimer's disease management. Rivastigmine is a therapeutic agent for Alzheimer's disease that has dual inhibition effects on acetylcholine esterase and butyrylcholine esterase. Butyrylcholine esterase is known to degrade the gastric hormone, ghrelin, which regulates appetite; therefore, we considered that rivastigmine might have an effect on appetite...
February 14, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441579/brain-anatomy-of-the-4-day-old-european-rabbit
#14
Nanette Y Schneider, Frédérique Datiche, Gérard Coureaud
The European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) is a widely used model in fundamental, medical and veterinary neurosciences. Besides investigations in adults, rabbit pups are relevant to study perinatal neurodevelopment and early behaviour. To date, the rabbit is also the only species in which a pheromone - the mammary pheromone (MP) - emitted by lactating females and active on neonatal adaptation has been described. The MP is crucial since it contributes directly to nipple localisation and oral seizing in neonates, i...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441402/-left-to-my-own-devices-i-don-t-know-using-theory-and-patient-reported-barriers-to-move-from-physical-activity-recommendations-to-practice
#15
C Ziebart, C McArthur, L Lee, A Papaioannou, J Laprade, A M Cheung, R Jain, L Giangregorio
Knowledge exchange with community-dwelling individuals across Ontario revealed barriers to implementation of physical activity recommendations that reflected capability, opportunity, and motivation; barriers unique to individuals with osteoporosis include fear of fracturing, trust in providers, and knowledge of exercise terminology. Using the Behaviour Change Wheel, we identified interventions (training, education, modeling) and policy categories (communication/marketing, guidelines, service provision). INTRODUCTION: Physical activity recommendations exist for individuals with osteoporosis; however, to change behavior, we must address barriers and facilitators to their implementation...
February 13, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441204/relationships-between-compulsive-exercise-quality-of-life-psychological-distress-and-motivation-to-change-in-adults-with-anorexia-nervosa
#16
Sarah Young, Stephen Touyz, Caroline Meyer, Jon Arcelus, Paul Rhodes, Sloane Madden, Kathleen Pike, Evelyn Attia, Ross D Crosby, Phillipa Hay
Background: For people with anorexia nervosa (AN), compulsive exercise is characterized by extreme concerns about the perceived negative consequences of stopping/reducing exercise, dysregulation of affect, and inflexible exercise routines. It is associated with increased eating disorder psychopathology and poor clinical outcome. However, its relationships with two important clinical issues, quality of life (QoL) and motivation to change, are currently unknown. This study aimed to assess the cross-sectional relationships between compulsive exercise, QoL, psychological distress (anxiety and depressive symptoms, and obsessive-compulsive traits) and motivation to change in patients with AN...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441189/neuroleptic-malignant-syndrome-a-case-responding-to-electroconvulsive-therapy-plus-bupropion
#17
Quintí Foguet-Boreu, Montse Coll-Negre, Montse Serra-Millàs, Miquel Cavalleria-Verdaguer
Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) is a severe motor syndrome occurring as a consequence of neuroleptic treatment. We present a case of a 67-year-old Caucasian woman with a history of a major depressive disorder with psychotic features. During her third hospital admission, symptoms of autonomic instability, hyperpyrexia, severe extrapyramidal side effects, and delirium appeared, suggesting NMS due to concomitant treatment with risperidone and quetiapine, among other drugs. Despite several consecutive pharmacological treatments (lorazepam, bromocriptine and amantadine) and prompt initiation of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), clinical improvement was observed only after combining bupropion with ECT...
January 8, 2018: Clinics and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440911/should-frail-older-adults-be-in-long-term-care-facilities
#18
Liv Wergeland Sørbye, Sidsel Sverdrup, Birgit Brunborg Pay
Aim: Home-based nursing care is relatively easy to access in Norway compared to the rest of Europe, and the threshold for applying for assistance is relatively low. The aim of the present study was to analyze factors that enable frail older adults to live in their own homes, with a low level of care burden stress. Methodology: In 2015 and 2016, eight municipalities from different parts of Norway participated in a cross-sectional study. The quantitative part of the project consisted of assessing care of 71 older adults, aged ≥80 years, using a geriatric comprehensive assessment...
2018: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440809/benefit-or-harm-a-study-on-impact-of-collusion-on-the-quality-of-life-among-palliative-care-patients
#19
Anju Victor, Carolin Elizabeth George, Leeberk Raja Inbaraj, Gift Norman
Background: In India, roughly one-half of patients undergoing cancer treatment are unaware of their diagnosis or treatment. The intention of this study is to determine the prevalence of collusion and its influence on quality of life (QOL) among patients in palliative care settings. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 100 palliative care patients to assess the extent of knowledge about their diagnosis and prognosis. The caretakers and the treating doctors were interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire to assess if diagnosis was revealed to a patient...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440429/locus-coeruleus-integrity-in-old-age-is-selectively-related-to-memories-linked-with-salient-negative-events
#20
Dorothea Hämmerer, Martina F Callaghan, Alexandra Hopkins, Julian Kosciessa, Matthew Betts, Arturo Cardenas-Blanco, Martin Kanowski, Nikolaus Weiskopf, Peter Dayan, Raymond J Dolan, Emrah Düzel
The locus coeruleus (LC) is the principal origin of noradrenaline in the brain. LC integrity varies considerably across healthy older individuals, and is suggested to contribute to altered cognitive functions in aging. Here we test this hypothesis using an incidental memory task that is known to be susceptible to noradrenergic modulation. We used MRI neuromelanin (NM) imaging to assess LC structural integrity and pupillometry as a putative index of LC activation in both younger and older adults. We show that older adults with reduced structural LC integrity show poorer subsequent memory...
February 12, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
keyword
keyword
2213
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"