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Simulation based medical education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342495/improving-perinatology-residents-skills-in-breaking-bad-news-a-randomized-intervention-study
#1
Maria Silvia Vellutini Setubal, Maria Ângela Reis Goes Monteiro Antonio, Eliana Martorano Amaral, John Boulet
OBJECTIVE:  Breaking bad news (BBN) is particularly difficult in perinatology. Previous research has shown that BBN skills can be learned and improved when taught and practiced. This project evaluated whether a structured training session would enhance perinatology residents' skills in BBN. METHODS:  This was a randomized controlled intervention study with year 1 to 4 Perinatology residents from a medical school in Brazil, during the 2014/15 school year. A total of 61 out of 100 (61%) eligible residents volunteered to a structured training program involving communicating a perinatal loss to a simulated patient (SP) portraying the mother followed by the SP's immediate feedback, both video recorded...
January 17, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336327/current-status-of-urological-training-in-europe
#2
Diego M Carrion, Juan Gómez Rivas, Francesco Esperto, Giulio Patruno, Juan L Vasquez
Modern urological training has changed drastically in the past years, due to the global surgical training trends, advances in technology, subspecialization of the field and, working hour regulations for doctors. The lack of a standardized curriculum across Europe, puts in evidence the great difference in the requirements in every country, from the start of the residency, to obtaining the accreditation. We sought to identify problems related to medical, scientific and surgical activity during urological training, and summarize data obtained from surveys realized during the European Urology Residents Education Programme (EUREP) in 2013, and from countries such as Germany, Italy and Spain...
January 2018: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327991/a-clinical-librarian-embedded-in-medical-education-patient-centered-encounters-for-preclinical-medical-students
#3
Lindsay Blake, Frances M Yang, Hutton Brandon, Benjamin Wilson, Renee Page
Adding patient encounters and simulation to the preclinical years of medical school is becoming increasingly popular. This article describes the creation of active learning opportunities by a clinical librarian that are aimed at training preclinical students through the use of simulated patient scenarios. Scenarios for second-year students walk them through the evidence-based resources needed in clinical years and beyond through a standardized patient encounter. Scenarios for first-year students involve role-play of cases where the patient and physician bring contrasting ideas to the outpatient interaction...
January 2018: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320788/-competence-based-training-in-the-protected-environment-from-sheltered-space-to-real-life
#4
Christina Quandt, Lars Friedrich
The idea of "learning in a protected environment" is frequently used within the framework of postgradual education in anaesthesiology. However it remains unclear and its exact meaning lies in the eye of the beholder. This paper aims to highlight the definition of the term "protected environment" and its relevance in anaesthesiology. This includes teaching and learning strategies like competence based training and simulation based training in all its variations. We conclude with an attempt to classify the wide variety of Simulators and teaching methods in use including their individual problems transferred into real life situations...
January 2018: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306100/nursing-students-perceptions-of-a-video-based-serious-game-s-educational-value-a-pilot-study
#5
Hege M Johnsen, Mariann Fossum, Pirashanthie Vivekananda-Schmidt, Ann Fruhling, Åshild Slettebø
BACKGROUND: Despite an increasing number of serious games (SGs) in nursing education, few evaluation studies specifically address their educational value in terms of face, content, and construct validity. OBJECTIVES: To assess nursing students' perceptions of a video-based SG in terms of face, content, and construct validity. In addition, the study assessed perceptions of usability, individual factors, and preferences regarding future use. DESIGN: A pilot study was conducted...
December 28, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298267/prior-generic-arthroscopic-volume-correlates-with-hip-arthroscopic-proficiency-a-simulator-study
#6
Gurhan Erturan, Abtin Alvand, Andrew Judge, Thomas C B Pollard, Sion Glyn-Jones, Jonathan L Rees
BACKGROUND: Changing trends in surgical education and patient expectation are leading to proficiency models of progression and the use of simulators. Hip arthroscopy is increasingly performed and has a steep learning curve mainly addressed during fellowship training. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of previous generic arthroscopic experience on performance at a simulated hip arthroscopy task to both estimate the minimum case numbers that correlate with expert proficiency levels and help to guide selection for hip arthroscopy fellowships...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298245/emergency-medical-responders-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#7
Viola Cheung, Madeline L McCarthy, Mark X Cicero, John M Leventhal, Carol Weitzman
OBJECTIVES: Because of the high prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and wandering behavior, emergency medical responders (EMRs) will likely encounter children and adolescents with ASD. The objectives were to describe interactions between EMRs and children and adolescents with ASD, to evaluate EMRs' ability to recognize ASD in a simulated trauma setting, and to determine if EMRs' demographic characteristics affected their interactions with ASD youth. METHODS: A study of 75 videos of a simulated school bus crash was performed...
January 2, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286827/the-role-of-anxiety-in-simulation-based-dexterity-and-overall-performance-does-it-really-matter
#8
Fatema Dhaif, Georgios Paparoidamis, Michail Sideris, John Hanrahan, Efstratia-Maria Georgopoulou, Ismini Tsagkaraki, Nikolaos Staikoglou, Ferha Saeed, Theodoros Michail, Anastasios Tzavelas, Efstathios Kenanidis, Michael Potoupnis, Eleftherios Tsiridis, Apostolos Papalois
BACKGROUND: Essential Skills in the Management of Surgical Cases (ESMSC) is an international undergraduate surgical masterclass which combines ex vivo, dry lab and high fidelity in vivo simulation-based learning (SBL). It consists of 32 stations of skills-based learning, including open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) of fractures. Current literature suggests early involvement in skills-based learning at the undergraduate level is vital. AIMS: To compare students' dexterity and skills-based performance with demographic and educational background parameters...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283674/patient-narratives-as-a-teaching-tool-a-pilot-study-of-first-year-medical-students-and-patient-educators-affected-by-intellectual-developmental-disabilities
#9
Alon Coret, Kerry Boyd, Kevin Hobbs, Joyce Zazulak, Meghan McConnell
PROBLEM: People with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) face complex biopsychosocial challenges and are medically underserved. This is in part due to insufficient resources and supports but can also be attributed to a lack of adequate physician training in addressing the unique needs of this population. INTERVENTION: This study aimed to introduce 1st-year medical students to the IDD population using a blended educational experience that included video narratives of and direct interactions with people affected by IDD...
December 28, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279835/an-evaluation-on-iran-international-public-health-summer-school-in-relation-to-its-efficacy-based-on-participants-experience-and-opinions
#10
Aidin Parnia, Nikoo Yamani, Ahmadreza Zamani, Shervin Badihian, Navid Manouchehri, Maryam Fakhri
Background: A serious challenge to educate health staff for public health is to appear encouraging enough to persuade them for learning issues on this field and implementing new educational methods and innovative ways. Iran International Public Health Summer School (IPHS) made an effort to provide medical sciences students with a fortune to get familiar with and involved in public health. This study intended to evaluate the efficacy of this event. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed in March-April 2015 by the help of an electronic self-administered questionnaire filled out by 49 Iranian participants 6 months after IPHS2014...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275981/evaluation-by-undergraduate-medical-students-of-a-role-playing-training-program-on-the-management-of-acute-states-of-agitation
#11
B Rolland, T Fovet, J Poissy, C Eichholtzer, M Lesage, P Thomas, M Jourdain
OBJECTIVES: Acute states of agitation (ASAs) are frequent in daily medical practice. However, training on real ASAs raises technical and ethical issues, whereas lecture-based teaching hardly addresses some educational objectives, e.g., improving relational skills and team-based coordination. Simulation-based medical education (SBME) is a promising medium to train students on managing ASAs. We have recently implemented a role-playing training module on ASAs. In this scenario, four to five students play the role of the staff, while a trained professional actor plays the agitated patient...
December 21, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261539/the-aspire-to-excellence-program-a-global-effort-to-improve-the-quality-of-medical-education
#12
Dan Hunt, Debra Klamen, Ronald M Harden, Farzand Ali
Publications and organizations ranking medical schools rely heavily on schools' research-oriented and grant-success data because those are the publicly available data. To address the vacuum of evidence for medical education quality, in 2012 the Association of Education in Europe (AMEE) introduced an initiative entitled A Schools Programme for International Recognition of Excellence in Education (ASPIRE) awards. ASPIRE panels of international experts in specific areas of medical education have developed internationally peer-based criteria to benchmark excellence in social accountability, student engagement, student assessment, faculty development, and simulation; they plan to publish criteria on curriculum design and development in 2018...
December 19, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249232/an-integrated-pathology-and-ultrasonography-based-simulation-for-training-in-performing-kidney-biopsy%C3%A2
#13
Shree G Sharma, John M Arthur, Stephen M Bonsib, Kevin D Phelan, Manisha Singh, Nithin Karakala, Kelly W Bulloch, Vandana Dua Niyyar, Juan Carlos Q Velez
BACKGROUND: Medical practice trends and limitations in trainees' duty hours have diminished the interest and exposure of nephrology fellows to percutaneous kidney biopsy (PKB). We hypothesized that an integrated nephrology-pathology-led simulation may be an effective educational tool. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 4-hour PKB simulation workshop (KBSW), led by two ultrasonography (US)-trained nephrologists and two nephropathologists, consisted of 6 stations: 1) diagnostic kidney US with live patients, 2) kidney pathology with plasticine models of embedded torso cross-sections, 3) US-based PKB with mannequin (Blue Phantom™), 4) kidney pathology with dissected cadavers, 5) US-based PKB in lightly-embalmed cadavers, and 6) tissue retrieval adequacy examination by microscope...
December 18, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248416/simulation-based-skill-training-for-trainees-in-cardiac-surgery-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Igo B Ribeiro, Janet M Ngu, Buu-Khanh Lam, Roger A Edwards
BACKGROUND: Simulation-based training has been an important part of the solution to address the shortfalls in cardiac surgery training. This review aims at identifying and systematically summarizing existing evidence on outcomes and methodological quality of simulation-based skills training for cardiac surgery trainees. METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase, and ERIC were searched. Studies included peer-reviewed publications with simulation-based skill training in cardiac surgery programs with outcome measures of performance...
December 14, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238826/a-re-engineered-software-interface-and-workflow-for-the-open-source-simvascular-cardiovascular-modeling-package
#15
Hongzhi Lan, Adam Updegrove, Nathan Wilson, Gabriel D Maher, Shawn C Shadden, Alison Marsden
Patient-specific simulation plays an important role in cardiovascular disease research, diagnosis, surgical planning and medical device design, as well as education in cardiovascular biomechanics. SimVascular is an open-source software package encompassing an entire cardiovascular modeling and simulation pipeline from image segmentation, 3D solid modeling, and mesh generation, to patient-specific simulation and analysis. SimVascular is widely used for cardiovascular basic science and clinical research as well as education, following increased adoption by users and development of a GATEWAY web portal to facilitate educational access...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233422/implementation-of-a-virtual-dispensing-simulator-to-support-us-pharmacy-education
#16
Marcus Ferrone, Clark Kebodeaux, Jill Fitzgerald, Lisa Holle
INTRODUCTION: A key element for pharmacy practice defined by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE) is medication use systems management. A web-based community pharmacy simulation originally created for Australian pharmacy students was adapted for pharmacy students in the United States (US). The objective of this study was to collaboratively adapt an existing international simulation program for utility in the US and measure student perceptions of a web-based community pharmacy simulation program in three US schools of pharmacy...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233415/development-and-evaluation-of-an-intermediate-level-elective-course-on-medical-spanish-for-pharmacy-students
#17
Robert Mueller
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Spanish-speaking population in the United States is increasing rapidly, and there is a need for additional educational efforts, beyond teaching basic medical Spanish terminology, to increase the number of Spanish-speaking pharmacists able to provide culturally appropriate care to this patient population. This article describes the development and evaluation of an intermediate-level elective course where students integrated pharmacy practice skills with Spanish-language skills and cultural competency...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231093/the-utility-of-simulation-in-the-management-of-patients-with-congenital-heart-disease-past-present-and-future
#18
Ali Subat, Andrew Goldberg, Samuel Demaria, Daniel Katz
Significant advancements have been made in the diagnosis and management of congenital heart disease (CHD). As a result, a higher percentage of these patients are surviving to adulthood. Despite this improvement in management, these patients remain at higher risk of morbidity and mortality, particularly in the perioperative setting. One new area of interest in these patients is the implementation of simulation-based medical education. Simulation has demonstrated various benefits across high-acuity scenarios encountered in the hospital...
December 1, 2017: Seminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228882/medical-education-and-human-trafficking-using-simulation
#19
Hanni Stoklosa, Michelle Lyman, Carrie Bohnert, Olivia Mittel
Healthcare providers have the potential to play a crucial role in human trafficking prevention, identification, and intervention. However, trafficked patients are often unidentified due to lack of education and preparation available to healthcare professionals at all levels of training and practice. To increase victim identification in healthcare settings, providers need to be educated about the issue of trafficking and its clinical presentations in an interactive format that maximizes learning and ultimately patient-centered outcomes...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222631/an-advanced-simulator-for-orthopedic-surgical-training
#20
J Cecil, Avinash Gupta, Miguel Pirela-Cruz
PURPOSE: The purpose of creating the virtual reality (VR) simulator is to facilitate and supplement the training opportunities provided to orthopedic residents. The use of VR simulators has increased rapidly in the field of medical surgery for training purposes. This paper discusses the creation of the virtual surgical environment (VSE) for training residents in an orthopedic surgical process called less invasive stabilization system (LISS) surgery which is used to address fractures of the femur...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
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