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Simulation based medical education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238704/effectiveness-of-a-perioperative-transthoracic-ultrasound-training-program-for-students-and-residents
#1
Juliet June Ray, Jonathan P Meizoso, Valerie Hart, Davis Horkan, Vicente Behrens, Krishnamurti A Rao, Charles A Karcutskie, Joshua Lenchus, Carl I Schulman, Roman Dudaryk
OBJECTIVE: Focused ultrasound (US) is being incorporated across all levels of medical education. Although many comprehensive US courses exist, their scope is broad, requiring expert instructors, access to simulation, and extensive time commitment by the learner. We aim to compare learning across levels of training and specialties using a goal-directed, web-based course without live skills training. DESIGN: A prospective observational study of students and residents from medicine, surgery, and anesthesiology...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236428/targeted-simulation-and-education-to-improve-cardiac-arrest-recognition-and-telephone-assisted-cpr-in-an-emergency-medical-communication-centre
#2
Camilla Hardeland, Christiane Skåre, Jo Kramer-Johansen, Tonje Birkenes, Helge Myklebust, Andreas E Hansen, Kjetil Sunde, Theresa M Olasveengen
AIM: Recognition of cardiac arrest and prompt activation time by emergency medical dispatch are key process measures that have been associated with improved survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). The aim of this study is to improve recognition of OHCA and time to initiation of telephone assisted chest compressions in an emergency medical communication centre (EMCC). METHODS: A prospective, interventional study implementing targeted interventions in an EMCC...
February 21, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211003/an-easy-to-build-low-budget-point-of-care-ultrasound-simulator-from-linux-to-a-web-based-solution
#3
Domagoj Damjanovic, Ulrich Goebel, Benedikt Fischer, Martin Huth, Hartmut Breger, Hartmut Buerkle, Axel Schmutz
BACKGROUND: Hands-on training in point-of-care ultrasound (POC-US) should ideally comprise bedside teaching, as well as simulated clinical scenarios. High-fidelity phantoms and portable ultrasound simulation systems are commercially available, however, at considerable costs. This limits their suitability for medical schools. A Linux-based software for Emergency Department Ultrasound Simulation (edus2TM) was developed by Kulyk and Olszynski in 2011. Its feasibility for POC-US education has been well-documented, and shows good acceptance...
December 2017: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184380/implementation-of-interprofessional-education-ipe-in-16-u-s-medical-schools-common-practices-barriers-and-facilitators
#4
Courtney West, Lori Graham, Ryan T Palmer, Marissa Fuqua Miller, Erin K Thayer, Margaret L Stuber, Linda Awdishu, Rachel A Umoren, Maria A Wamsley, Elizabeth A Nelson, Pablo A Joo, James W Tysinger, Paul George, Patricia A Carney
BACKGROUND: Enhanced patient outcomes and accreditation criteria have led schools to integrate interprofessional education (IPE). While several studies describe IPE curricula at individual institutions, few examine practices across multiple institutions. PURPOSE: To examine the IPE integration at different institutions and determine gaps where there is potential for improvement. METHOD: In this mixed methods study, we obtained survey results from 16 U...
September 2016: J Interprof Educ Pract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183316/medical-students-situational-motivation-to-participate-in-simulation-based-team-training-is-predicted-by-attitudes-to-patient-safety
#5
Cecilia Escher, Johan Creutzfeldt, Lisbet Meurling, Leif Hedman, Ann Kjellin, Li Felländer-Tsai
BACKGROUND: Patient safety education, as well as the safety climate at clinical rotations, has an impact on students' attitudes. We explored medical students' self-reported motivation to participate in simulation-based teamwork training (SBTT), with the hypothesis that high scores in patient safety attitudes would promote motivation to SBTT and that intrinsic motivation would increase after training. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study we explored Swedish medical students' attitudes to patient safety, their motivation to participate in SBTT and how motivation was affected by the training...
February 10, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178954/experiencing-aging-or-demystifying-myths-impact-of-different-geriatrics-and-gerontology-teaching-strategies-in-first-year-medical-students
#6
Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Giancarlo Lucchetti, Isabella Noceli de Oliveira, Alexander Moreira-Almeida, Oscarina da Silva Ezequiel
BACKGROUND: With the aging of the population comes a greater need for geriatric and gerontology teaching. However, there is currently a dearth of investigations on the impact of different educational methodologies for teaching in this area early in medical courses. The present study aims to determine the impact of two educational strategies on the topic "Geriatrics and Gerontology" ("experiencing aging" and "myths of aging") as compared to a control group (no intervention) on the attitudes, empathy and knowledge of first year medical students...
February 8, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176931/confident-but-not-theoretically-grounded-experienced-simulation-educators-perceptions-of-their-own-professional-development
#7
Renée Allvin, Magnus Berndtzon, Liisa Carlzon, Samuel Edelbring, Håkan Hult, Magnus Hultin, Klas Karlgren, Italo Masiello, Marie-Louise Södersved Källestedt, Éva Tamás
BACKGROUND: Medical simulation enables the design of learning activities for competency areas (eg, communication and leadership) identified as crucial for future health care professionals. Simulation educators and medical teachers follow different career paths, and their education backgrounds and teaching contexts may be very different in a simulation setting. Although they have a key role in facilitating learning, information on the continuing professional development (pedagogical development) of simulation educators is not available in the literature...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166188/focused-and-corrective-feedback-versus-structured-and-supported-debriefing-in-a-simulation-based-cardiac-arrest-team-training-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-study
#8
Ji-Hoon Kim, Young-Min Kim, Seong Heui Park, Eun A Ju, Se Min Choi, Tai Yong Hong
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare the educational impact of two postsimulation debriefing methods-focused and corrective feedback (FCF) versus Structured and Supported Debriefing (SSD)-on team dynamics in simulation-based cardiac arrest team training. METHODS: This was a pilot randomized controlled study conducted at a simulation center. Fourth-year medical students were randomly assigned to the FCF or SSD group, with each team composed of six students and a confederate...
February 4, 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159503/an-interprofessional-education-workshop-to-develop-health-professional-student-opioid-misuse-knowledge-attitudes-and-skills
#9
Kristina Monteiro, Luba Dumenco, Sally Collins, Jeffrey Bratberg, Celia MacDonnell, Anita Jacobson, Richard Dollase, Paul George
OBJECTIVE: To implement and evaluate an interprofessional workshop focused on increasing student knowledge, skills, and attitudes toward opioid misuse. SETTING: The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island, April 2016. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: Health professional students from medicine, nursing, pharmacy, social work, and physical therapy participated in an interprofessional education workshop focused on opioid use disorder...
January 31, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151877/impact-of-standardized-patients-on-the-training-of-medical-students-to-manage-emergencies
#10
Frank Herbstreit, Stefanie Merse, Rainer Schnell, Marcel Noack, Daniel Dirkmann, Anna Besuch, Jürgen Peters
BACKGROUND: Teaching emergency management should educate medical students not only for facts and treatment algorithms but also for time effective physical examination, technical skills, and team interaction. We tested the hypothesis, that using standardized emergency patients would be more effective in transmitting knowledge and skills compared with a more traditional teaching approach. METHODS: Medical students (n = 242) in their fourth (second clinical) year were randomized to receive either training on standardized patients simulating 3 emergency settings ("acute chest pain," "stroke," and "acute dyspnea/asthma") or traditional small group seminars...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145842/evaluation-of-a-web-based-module-and-an-otoscopy-simulator-in-teaching-ear-disease
#11
Vincent Wu, Jason A Beyea
Objective To determine which teaching method-otoscopy simulation (OS), web-based module (WM), or standard classroom instruction (SI)-produced the best improvement in the diagnosis of middle/external ear pathologies and the development of otoscopy clinical skills. Study Design Prospective randomized controlled nonclinical trial. Setting Preclerkship undergraduate medical education. Subjects and Methods Fifty-four medical students (first year, 26; second year, 28) were randomized to receive 1 of the 3 interventions: OS, WM, or SI...
February 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144123/state-of-simulation-in-healthcare-education-an-initial-survey-in-beijing
#12
Zichen Zhao, Pengfei Niu, Xiang Ji, Robert M Sweet
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In 2013, medical error was the third leading cause of death in the United States.(1) In China, as in the case with the United States, training and assessment are developing as a strategy to reduce the occurrence of such errors. The objective of this study was to assess the current state of the use of simulation-based training in Beijing and to explore the barriers to further development. METHODS: This study included hospitals in Beijing accredited by the Standardized Residency Training (SRT) program...
January 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143389/airway-management-education-simulation-based-training-versus-non-simulation-based-training-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#13
Yanxia Sun, Chuxiong Pan, Tianzuo Li, Tong J Gan
BACKGROUND: Simulation-based training (SBT) has become a standard for medical education. However, the efficacy of simulation based training in airway management education remains unclear. METHODS: The aim of this study was to evaluate all published evidence comparing the effectiveness of SBT for airway management versus non-simulation based training (NSBT) on learner and patient outcomes. Systematic review with meta-analyses were used. Data were derived from PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, Scopus, the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews from inception to May 2016...
February 1, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127792/learner-improvement-from-a-simulation-enhanced-ultrasonography-curriculum-for-first-year-medical-students
#14
Geoffrey T Miller, Mark W Scerbo, Samantha Zybak, Donald V Byars, Craig W Goodmurphy, Frank A Lattanzio, Barry J Knapp, Felicia Toreno, Alex Levitov, Sarah Shaves, Alfred Abuhamad
OBJECTIVES: We describe a simulation-enhanced ultrasonography (US) curriculum for first-year medical students as part of a comprehensive curricular integration of US skills. Our goal was to assess student knowledge and performance of US and determine their satisfaction with the integrated curriculum. METHODS: A committee of basic science, clinical, and interinstitutional faculty developed 7 educational US modules integrated into existing anatomy and physiology courses...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122272/nicaraguan-and-us-nursing-collaborative-evaluation-study-identifying-similarities-and-differences-between-us-and-nicaraguan-curricula-and-teaching-modalities-using-the-community-engagement-model
#15
Donna Lake, Martha K Engelke, Debra A Kosko, Donna W Roberson, Joba Fany Jaime, Feliciana Rojas López, Fidelia Mercedes Poveda Rivas, Yolanda Matute Salazar, Juana Julia Salmeron
BACKGROUND: Curricula evaluation is an essential phase of curriculum development. Study describes the implementation of a formative evaluation used by faculty members between Universidad Nacional Autonóma de Nicaragua (UNAN-Leon) Escuela de Enfermeriá, Nicaragua and East Carolina University College of Nursing (ECU CON) in North Carolina, US. OBJECTIVES: Program evaluation study to conduct an assessment, comparison of a medical-surgical adult curriculum and teaching modalities...
January 16, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118085/the-role-of-simulation-in-surgical-education
#16
Ben Schwab, Eric Hungness, Katherine Ann Barsness, William Craig McGaghie
The current healthcare environment demands optimization of patient outcomes in addition to maximal cost efficiency. Restrictions on resident work hours have placed limitations on the amount of time that trainee physicians can spend on patient care. For the surgery resident, the consequence is less time spent in the operating room under the supervision of a senior surgeon, the cornerstone of Halsted's approach to resident surgeon education. The use of simulation in graduate medical education has gained significant traction as a way to provide trainees with exposure to various techniques and procedures before use on the general patient population...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116028/characteristics-of-real-time-non-critical-incident-debriefing-practices-in-the-emergency-department
#17
Nur-Ain Nadir, Suzanne Bentley, Dimitrios Papanagnou, Komal Bajaj, Stephan Rinnert, Richard Sinert
INTRODUCTION: Benefits of post-simulation debriefings as an educational and feedback tool have been widely accepted for nearly a decade. Real-time, non-critical incident debriefing is similar to post-simulation debriefing; however, data on its practice in academic emergency departments (ED), is limited. Although tools such as TeamSTEPPS® (Team Strategies and Tools to Enhance Performance and Patient Safety) suggest debriefing after complicated medical situations, they do not teach debriefing skills suited to this purpose...
January 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116026/efficient-and-effective-use-of-peer-teaching-for-medical-student-simulation
#18
Joseph B House, Carol H Choe, Heather L Wourman, Kristin M Berg, Jonathan P Fischer, Sally A Santen
INTRODUCTION: Simulation is increasingly used in medical education, promoting active learning and retention; however, increasing use also requires considerable instructor resources. Simulation may provide a safe environment for students to teach each other, which many will need to do when they enter residency. Along with reinforcing learning and increasing retention, peer teaching could decrease instructor demands. Our objective was to determine the effectiveness of peer-taught simulation compared to physician-led simulation...
January 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109296/design-of-simulation-based-medical-education-and-advantages-and-disadvantages-of-in-situ-simulation-versus-off-site-simulation
#19
EDITORIAL
Jette Led Sørensen, Doris Østergaard, Vicki LeBlanc, Bent Ottesen, Lars Konge, Peter Dieckmann, Cees Van der Vleuten
BACKGROUND: Simulation-based medical education (SBME) has traditionally been conducted as off-site simulation in simulation centres. Some hospital departments also provide off-site simulation using in-house training room(s) set up for simulation away from the clinical setting, and these activities are called in-house training. In-house training facilities can be part of hospital departments and resemble to some extent simulation centres but often have less technical equipment. In situ simulation, introduced over the past decade, mainly comprises of team-based activities and occurs in patient care units with healthcare professionals in their own working environment...
January 21, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096707/simulation-based-medical-education-to-improve-intrinsic-motivation-in-medical-students
#20
COMMENT
Helen-Cara Younan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
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