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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034365/in-vivo-antibacterial-and-wound-healing-activities-of-roman-chamomile-chamaemelum-nobile
#1
Hossein Kazemian, Sobhan Ghafourian, Nourkhoda Sadeghifard, Behzad Badakhsh, Hamid Heidari, Asieh Taji, Aref Shavalipour, Reza Mohebi, Hadi Sedigh Ebrahim-Saraie, Hamidreza Houri, Reza Houshmandfar
BACKGROUND: Today considerable number of drugs are produced from plants. Several plants with antibacterial and healing applications are used in medicine such as Roman chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile L.). Wound infection is one of the most prevalent infections among infectious disease around the world. Due to appearance of drug resistance, researchers are now paying attention to medicinal plants. Therefore, this study was designed to investigate the antimicrobial and wound healing properties of C...
December 30, 2016: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009323/-to-a-question-of-treining-of-the-neonatologists-in-residency
#2
T Klimenko, E Serdceva, T Sandulak, A Zakrevskyy, O Karapetyan
: In recent years, the world and in Ukraine neonatology evolved into high-tech and quickly progressive section of the medicine, therefore preparation of experts is very important problem. Residency is the form of specialization of doctors on corresponding clinical chairs for reception of high qualifications of neonatology for possibility of competent rendering of competent and highly specialized medical care to newborns in hospitals of 3rd level. Term of training in residency is 2 years...
November 2016: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995347/the-cholinomimetic-morantel-as-an-open-channel-blocker-of-the-ascaris-suum-acr-16-nachr
#3
Melanie Abongwa, Katherine E Baber, Richard J Martin, Alan P Robertson
Nematode parasite infections pose a significant threat in human and veterinary medicine. At least a third of the world's population is at risk from nematode parasite infections. These infections not only cause health problems, but also cause loss of livestock production and hence, economic losses. Anthelmintic drugs are the mainstay by which control of nematode parasite infections is achieved. Many of the currently available anthelmintics act on nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). However, the detailed mode of action (MOA) of these anthelmintics is not clearly understood...
December 2016: Invertebrate Neuroscience: IN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982702/assessing-u-s-health-journalists-beliefs-about-medical-overtreatment-and-the-impact-of-related-news-coverage
#4
Kim Walsh-Childers, Jennifer Braddock
The United States spends more on health care than any other country in the world, but often experiences poorer health outcomes and lower patient satisfaction than other developed countries. One possible explanation for this paradox is overtreatment, the use of medical tests and treatment for which harms outweigh benefits. Because journalists play a key role in informing people about the health care system, including issues such as overtreatment, it is important to understand how they define the issue and its importance...
December 16, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976667/icoh-international-code-of-ethics-for-occupational-health-professionals-historical-fortune-and-future-perspectives-in-italy
#5
Carlo Petyx, Giovanni Costa, Maurizio Manno, Antonio Valenti, Sergio Iavicoli
The Working Group responsible for the Italian translation of the third edition of the International Code of Ethics, appointed by the President of the International Commission on Occupational Health (ICOH), Dr. Jukka Takala, completed last April the revision work. The final text, already available on the ICOH website, has been printed and distributed by the Italian National Institute for Insurance against Accidents at Work (INAIL) at the 79th National Congress of the Italian Society of Occupational Medicine and Industrial Hygiene (SIMLII), in Rome...
December 13, 2016: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843745/bibliometric-analysis-of-medicine-related-publications-on-poverty-2005-2015
#6
Waleed M Sweileh, Samah W Al-Jabi, Ansam F Sawalha, Adham S AbuTaha, Sa'ed H Zyoud
BACKGROUND: Poverty is a global problem. The war against poverty requires not only financial support, but also poverty-related research to pinpoint areas of high need of intervention. In line with international efforts to fight poverty and negative consequences, we carried out this study to give a bibliometric overview of medicine-related literature on poverty. Such a s study is an indicator of the extent of interaction of various international key players on the war against poverty-related health problems...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781485/big-data-in-radiation-therapy-challenges-and-opportunities
#7
Tim Lustberg, Johan van Soest, Arthur Jochems, Timo Deist, Yvonka van Wijk, Sean Walsh, Philippe Lambin, Andre Dekker
Data collected and generated by radiation oncology can be classified by the Volume, Variety, Velocity and Veracity (4Vs) of Big Data because they are spread across different care providers and not easily shared owing to patient privacy protection. The magnitude of the 4Vs is substantial in oncology, especially owing to imaging modalities and unclear data definitions. To create useful models ideally all data of all care providers are understood and learned from; however, this presents challenges in the guise of poor data quality, patient privacy concerns, geographical spread, interoperability and large volume...
January 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766952/the-third-international-genomic-medicine-conference-3rd-igmc-2015-overall-activities-and-outcome-highlights
#8
Muhammad Abu-Elmagd, Mourad Assidi, Ashraf Dallol, Abdelbaset Buhmeida, Peter Natesan Pushparaj, Gauthaman Kalamegam, Emad Al-Hamzi, Jerry W Shay, Stephen W Scherer, Ashok Agarwal, Bruce Budowle, Mamdooh Gari, Adeel Chaudhary, Adel Abuzenadah, Mohammed Al-Qahtani
The Third International Genomic Medicine Conference (3(rd) IGMC) was organised by the Centre of Excellence in Genomic Medicine Research (CEGMR) at the King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). This conference is a continuation of a series of meetings, which began with the first International Genomic Medicine Conference (1(st) IGMC, 2011) followed by the second International Genomic Medicine Conference (2(nd) IGMC, 2013). The 3(rd) IGMC meeting presented as a timely opportunity to bring scientists from across the world to gather, discuss, and exchange recent advances in the field of genomics and genetics in general as well as practical information on using these new technologies in different basic and clinical applications...
October 17, 2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716105/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-use-of-herbal-medicines-during-pregnancy-among-women-attending-postnatal-clinics-in-gulu-district-northern-uganda
#9
Richard Nyeko, Nazarius Mbona Tumwesigye, Abdullah Ali Halage
BACKGROUND: According to World Health Organization (WHO) estimates, 80 % of the population living in rural areas in developing countries depends on traditional medicine for their health needs, including use during pregnancy. Despite the fact that knowledge of potential side effects of many herbal medicines in pregnancy is limited and that some herbal products may be teratogenic, data on the extent of use of herbal medicines by women during pregnancy in the study setting is largely unknown...
October 6, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663925/acupuncture-as-a-complementary-method-of-traditional-psoriasis-treatment-myth-or-reality
#10
Darija Mahović, Fanika Mrsić
Dear Editor, the practitioners of traditional Chinese medicine described psoriasis some 2000 years ago (1). Psoriasis vulgaris is a common, chronic inflammatory skin disease whose worldwide prevalence ranges from 0.1-3% (2,3). Understanding the role of the immune system in psoriasis and the interplay between the innate and adaptive immune system has helped to manage this complex disease, which affects patients far beyond the skin changes themselves (2). In addition to the usual and widely accepted methods of treatment of psoriasis, including topical therapies, phototherapy, and conventional and biological systemic therapies, data can be found in the literature that suggest a favorable effect of acupuncture on the course of psoriasis (4,5)...
August 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648195/an-investigation-on-social-accountability-of-general-medicine-curriculum
#11
Ali Emadzadeh, Hossein Karimi Moonaghi, Mojtaba Mousavi Bazzaz, Sharareh Karimi
INTRODUCTION: Experts consider social accountability as a new paradigm in medical education and a cultural change that is necessary to be studied and understood more deeply. One of the problems of medical education is the inadequacy of medicine graduates to meet the social accountability. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the general medicine curriculum for social accountability. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on three groups of experts, faculty members, and general physicians working in health centers in Mashhad in 2014...
July 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647084/barriers-to-screening-and-possibilities-for-active-detection-of-family-medicine-attendees-exposed-to-intimate-partner-violence
#12
Nena Kopčavar Guček, Davorina Petek, Igor Švab, Polona Selič
INTRODUCTION: In 1996 the World Health Organization declared intimate partner violence (IPV) the most important public health problem. Meta-analyses in 2013 showed every third female globally had been a victim of violence. Experts find screening controversial; family medicine is the preferred environment for identifying victims of violence, but barriers on both sides prevent patients from discussing it with doctors. METHODS: In July 2014, a qualitative study was performed through semi-structured interviews with ten family doctors of different ages and gender, working in rural or urban environments...
March 2016: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27615026/interventions-to-optimise-the-care-continuum-for-chronic-viral-hepatitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#13
Kali Zhou, Thomas Fitzpatrick, Nick Walsh, Ji Young Kim, Roger Chou, Mellanye Lackey, Julia Scott, Ying-Ru Lo, Joseph D Tucker
BACKGROUND: Advances in therapy for hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) have ushered in a new era in chronic hepatitis treatment. To maximise the effectiveness of these medicines, individuals must be engaged and retained in care. We analysed operational interventions to enhance chronic viral hepatitis testing, linkage to care, treatment uptake, adherence, and viral suppression or cure. METHODS: We did a systematic review of operational interventions, and did meta-analyses for sufficiently comparable data...
December 2016: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589716/extracts-from-traditional-chinese-medicinal-plants-inhibit-acetylcholinesterase-a-known-alzheimer-s-disease-target
#14
Dorothea Kaufmann, Anudeep Kaur Dogra, Ahmad Tahrani, Florian Herrmann, Michael Wink
Inhibition of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) is a common treatment for early stages of the most general form of dementia, Alzheimer's Disease (AD). In this study, methanol, dichloromethane and aqueous crude extracts from 80 Traditional Chinese Medical (TCM) plants were tested for their in vitro anti-acetylcholinesterase activity based on Ellman's colorimetric assay. All three extracts of Berberis bealei (formerly Mahonia bealei), Coptis chinensis and Phellodendron chinense, which contain numerous isoquinoline alkaloids, substantially inhibited AChE...
August 31, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27581465/gastric-cancer-current-and-evolving-treatment-landscape
#15
REVIEW
Weijing Sun, Li Yan
Gastric (including gastroesophageal junction) cancer is the third leading cause of cancer-related death in the world. In China, an estimated 420,000 patients were diagnosed with gastric cancer in 2011, ranking this malignancy the second most prevalent cancer type and resulting in near 300,000 deaths. The treatment landscape of gastric cancer has evolved in recent years. Although systemic chemotherapy is still the mainstay treatment of metastatic disease, the introduction of agents targeting human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 and vascular endothelial growth factor/vascular endothelia growth factor receptor has brought this disease into the molecular and personalized medicine era...
August 31, 2016: Chinese Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566968/public-awareness-knowledge-and-attitudes-toward-epilepsy-in-the-aseer-region-saudi-arabia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#16
Adel Ali Alhazzani, Ali Mohammed Alqahtani, Ahmed Abouelyazid, Abdulaziz Mohammed Alqahtani, Nawaf Aedh Alqahtani, Khalid Mohammed Asiri, Abdullatef Ali Muhaya, Hassan Ali Alamri
INTRODUCTION: Epilepsy accounts for 0.5% of the global burden of disease, with more than 50 million people affected worldwide; 80% of them are in developing regions. People with epilepsy and their families can suffer from stigma and discrimination in many parts of the world. Although this disorder is common in Saudi Arabia, with a prevalence of 6.54 per 1000, no study of epilepsy awareness, knowledge, and attitudes has been reported from the Aseer region. METHODS: The study was conducted using a validated self-administered questionnaire to assess awareness, knowledge, and attitudes toward epilepsy and the sociodemographic data of the participants...
October 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565267/challenges-in-measuring-cost-and-value-in-oncology-making-it-personal
#17
Peter P Yu
Oncology patients often find themselves facing an incurable disease with limited treatment options and increasing patient fragility. The importance of patient preferences and values increases in shared decision making especially when the cost of cancer care is continuing its steep rise. As our understanding of cancer systems biology increases, we are justifiably optimistic about therapeutic improvements but recognize that this has complicated the traditional Food and Drug Administration approval of drug indications based on organ-specific cancer for a particular drug...
July 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543064/characterisation-of-antimicrobial-usage-in-cats-and-dogs-attending-uk-primary-care-companion-animal-veterinary-practices
#18
E L Buckland, D O'Neill, J Summers, A Mateus, D Church, L Redmond, D Brodbelt
There is scant evidence describing antimicrobial (AM) usage in companion animal primary care veterinary practices in the UK. The use of AMs in dogs and cats was quantified using data extracted from 374 veterinary practices participating in VetCompass. The frequency and quantity of systemic antibiotic usage was described.Overall, 25 per cent of 963,463 dogs and 21 per cent of 594,812 cats seen at veterinary practices received at least one AM over a two-year period (2012-2014) and 42 per cent of these animals were given repeated AMs...
August 19, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27528494/interventions-to-reduce-corruption-in-the-health-sector
#19
REVIEW
Rakhal Gaitonde, Andrew D Oxman, Peter O Okebukola, Gabriel Rada
BACKGROUND: Corruption is the abuse or complicity in abuse, of public or private position, power or authority to benefit oneself, a group, an organisation or others close to oneself; where the benefits may be financial, material or non-material. It is wide-spread in the health sector and represents a major problem. OBJECTIVES: Our primary objective was to systematically summarise empirical evidence of the effects of strategies to reduce corruption in the health sector...
August 16, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516653/alshamel-fi-sana-at-tebbi-at-a-comprehensive-book-on-the-materia-medica
#20
Maryam Mosaffa-Jahromi, Hossein Kiani
BACKGROUND: Ala-al-din abu Al-Hassan Ali ibn Abi-Hazm al-Qarshi al-Dimashqi, known as Ibn al-Nafis (1210-1288 AD), was a Muslim Syrian physician primarily famous for being the first to describe the pulmonary circulation of the blood. The most voluminous of his books is Alshamel fi Sana'at tebbi'at, which is a comprehensive medical encyclopedia. It comprised 300 volumes of notes, from which only 80 volumes are published. His writings are cataloged in many libraries around the world. The aim of this review article, as a tribute to Ibn al-Nafis, was to introduce his valuable but neglected encyclopedia of Materia Medica...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
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