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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743026/the-effectiveness-of-an-online-intervention-in-preventing-excessive-gestational-weight-gain-the-e-moms-roc-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Christine M Olson, Susan W Groth, Meredith L Graham, Jennifer E Reschke, Myla S Strawderman, Isabel Diana Fernandez
BACKGROUND: Excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) is common and contributes to the development of obesity in women and their offspring. Electronic or e-health interventions have the potential to reach large groups of women and prevent excessive GWG, but their effectiveness has not been demonstrated. The purpose of this study was to evaluate, in a real-world setting, the effectiveness of a self-directed, integrated online and mobile phone behavioral intervention in preventing excessive GWG...
May 9, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736071/assessing-the-extent-of-utilization-of-biopsychosocial-model-in-doctor-patient-interaction-in-public-sector-hospitals-of-a-developing-country
#2
Maha Nadir, Muhammad Hamza, Nadir Mehmood
Background: Biopsychosocial (BPS) model has been a mainstay in the ideal practice of modern medicine. It is attributed to improve patient care, compliance, and satisfaction and to reduce doctor-patient conflict. The study aimed to understand the importance given to BPS model while conducting routine doctor-patient interactions in public sector hospitals of a developing country where health resources are limited. The study was conducted in Rawalpindi, Pakistan. Materials and Methods: The study design is qualitative...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727736/paris-in-the-spring-a-review-of-the-trade-conservation-and-opportunities-in-the-shift-from-wild-harvest-to-cultivation-of-paris-polyphylla-trilliaceae
#3
REVIEW
A B Cunningham, J A Brinckmann, Y-F Bi, S-J Pei, U Schippmann, P Luo
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: P. polyphylla Smith is used in traditional medicine in China, India and Nepal and is likely to be similarly used through most of its geographic range. China is at the centre of demand for P. polyphylla where it is used as an ingredient in several very successful Chinese medicinal herbal formulations. The Chinese e-commerce platform 'alibaba.com', for example, lists 97P. polyphylla items offered by 46 Asian suppliers, of which 21 are situated in the Chinese mainland, 12 in Nepal, 7 in India, 2 in Pakistan, and 1 each in Bhutan, Hong Kong, Thailand, and Vietnam...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721053/survivorship-and-advocacy-in-inflammatory-breast-cancer
#4
Angela Alexander, Terry Lynn Arnold, Sandra Bishnoi, Caroline Ballinger, Simona F Shaitelman, Mark V Schaverien, Lorenzo Cohen, Mary Dev, Naoto T Ueno
In February 2017, the Morgan Welch Inflammatory Breast Cancer (IBC) Research Program and Clinic hosted a scientific conference in Houston to commemorate the tenth anniversary of the opening of the first IBC-dedicated clinic in the world. Attendees included basic science researchers, clinicians who treat IBC, as well as patients and their caregivers. Several US-based and international IBC-focused nonprofit organizations were also represented. In this third paper from the conference, we report on the breakout session regarding survivorship and advocacy issues related to IBC, sharing an overview of the educational content presented and discussions regarding the future of IBC advocacy...
2018: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695262/hypericum-perforatum-to-improve-post-operative-pain-outcome-after-monosegmental-spinal-microdiscectomy-hypos-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#5
Christa Raak, Wolfram Scharbrodt, Bettina Berger, Arndt Büssing, René Geißen, Thomas Ostermann
BACKGROUND: Spinal disc herniation is a frequently occurring degenerative disease of the spine. Many patients undergoing surgery suffer from radicular pain, known as memory pain, beginning from the third post-operative day. This results in the prescription of high-dose opioid medications. In homeopathy, Hypericum perforatum is known as a remedy for unbearable, shooting or jabbing pain especially when neural damage is involved. Reduction of pain after application of H. perforatum has been observed in previous studies...
April 25, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690685/-current-status-of-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-shanghai-revealed-by-a-questionnaire-analysis
#6
J Liu, J Zhang, Q J Cheng, J F Xu, Z J Jie, Y Jiao, Y Huang, J M Qu
Objective: To understand the current status of diagnosis and treatment of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) among doctors in various hospitals across Shanghai, for the purpose of promoting the 2016 clinical practice guidelines for adult CAP of China. Methods: A questionnaire was designed to address the common questions in CAP management. The responses were collected via WeChat and the data were analyzed. Results: A total of 1 254 valid questionnaires were received, 46.1% from tertiary , 26.4% from secondary and 27...
April 12, 2018: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618881/epidemiology-and-risk-factors-of-maxillofacial-injuries-in-brazil-a-5-year-retrospective-study
#7
Luciana Domingues Conceição, Isadora Augusta da Silveira, Gustavo Giacomelli Nascimento, Rafael Guerra Lund, Ricardo Henrique Alves da Silva, Fábio Renato Manzolli Leite
Aim: The etiology and epidemiology of maxillofacial injuries varies widely in different regions of the world due to socioeconomic status, cultural aspects in addition to road traffic and drug consumption. The aim of this study is to determine major causes and epidemiological characteristics of maxillofacial trauma in a 5-year period. Materials and methods: Reports of corporal trauma (n = 25,632) from 2007 to 2011 in the Department of Forensic Medicine were analyzed as to the presence of maxillofacial injuries...
June 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565103/white-book-on-physical-and-rehabilitation-medicine-in-europe-chapter-2-why-rehabilitation-is-needed-by-individual-and-society
#8
(no author information available yet)
In the context of the White Book of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM) in Europe, this paper describes the background to the context of PRM services and comprises the following: - Epidemiological Aspects of Functioning and Disability - Ethical Aspects and Human Rights - Rehabilitation and Health Systems - Economic Burden of Disability - Effects of Lack of Rehabilitation Health care service planning accounts for the burden of disability among society and the chapter describes the justification for specialist rehabilitation, the background of PRM and why making a functional diagnosis and a management plan based on function is its core competence...
April 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565101/white-book-on-physical-and-rehabilitation-medicine-in-europe-introductions-executive-summary-and-methodology
#9
(no author information available yet)
The White Book (WB) of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM) in Europe is produced by the 4 European PRM Bodies (European Academy of Rehabilitation Medicine - EARM, European Society of PRM - ESPRM, European Union of Medical Specialists - PRM Section, European College of PRM-ECPRM served by the European Union of Medical Specialists-PRM Board) and constitutes the reference book for PRM physicians in Europe. It has now reached its third edition; the first was published in 1989 and the second in 2006/2007...
April 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559129/teaching-parasitology-in-a-modular-veterinary-curriculum-the-vienna-experience
#10
Anja Joachim, Barbara Hinney, Georg Duscher, Ingrid Preusche, Petra Winter
In a changing world with rapidly evolving new technologies, even in the "sheltered world" of teachers and lecturers at universities, we are challenged by new developments. As diversification is increasing in many aspects of our professional life, there is also a need to employ new ways of teaching, learning and assessments in veterinary curricula, taking into account the increasing numbers of students and limited teaching resources. The "classical" Austrian veterinary curriculum, with a series of consecutive lectures followed by practical courses in the different disciplines, separated from each other in the curricular time table and by annual examinations, has been a long-standing concept for teaching in the past...
March 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552959/milestones-in-nordic-health-promotion-research
#11
Bo J A Haglund, Per Tillgren
Based on the storytelling tradition and analyses of conference material, this article provides an overview of the evolving Nordic Health Promotion Research Network (NHPRN) and its conferences over the last 20 years. The story goes from the planning of the first conference in Bergen, Norway, back in 1996 to the eighth conference in Jyväskylä, Finland, in 2016. There have been three phases of development. During the first phase, 1996-2007, the five first conferences were initiated and implemented by departments of public health in the Nordic countries...
February 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516205/factors-influencing-medical-students-choice-of-emergency-medicine-as-a-career-specialty-a-descriptive-study-of-saudi-medical-students
#12
Hadeel Alkhaneen, Faisal Alhusain, Khalid Alshahri, Nawfal Al Jerian
BACKGROUND: Choosing a medical specialty is a poorly understood process. Although studies conducted around the world have attempted to identify the factors that affect medical students' choice of specialty, data is scarce on the factors that influence the choice of specialty of Saudi Arabian medical students, in particular those planning a career in emergency medicine (EM). In this study, we investigated whether Saudi medical students choosing EM are influenced by different factors to those choosing other specialties...
March 7, 2018: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506488/household-contact-non-attendance-of-clinical-evaluation-for-tuberculosis-a-pilot-study-in-a-high-burden-district-in-south-africa
#13
Gladys Kigozi, Michelle Engelbrecht, Christo Heunis, André Janse van Rensburg
BACKGROUND: In 2012, the World Health Organization launched guidelines for systematically investigating contacts of persons with infectious tuberculosis (TB) in low- and middle-income countries. As such, it is necessary to understand factors that would influence successful scale-up. This study targeted household contacts of newly-diagnosed infectious TB patients in the Mangaung Metropolitan district to explore factors associated with non-attendance of clinical evaluation. METHOD: In September-October 2016, a pilot study of household contacts was conducted...
March 5, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504327/dengue-knowledge-in-indoor-dengue-patients-from-low-socioeconomic-class-aetiology-symptoms-mode-of-transmission-and-prevention
#14
Nadia Shams, Sadia Amjad, Nadeem Yousaf, Waqar Ahmed, Naresh Kumar Seetlani, Shazia Farhat
BACKGROUND: Dengue fever has emerged as an emerging public health issue during last decade bearing significant morbidity and economic burden particularly in third world countries. Current study aims to assess various domains of knowledge of indoor dengue patients.. METHODS: This descriptive crosssectional study was conducted at Medicine dept. Rawal Institute of Health Sciences Islamabad and BBH Rawalpindi over 6 months. One hundred & twenty-five adult indoor confirmed cases of dengue from lower socioeconomic class were included after ethical approval...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487999/complication-of-aquafilling-%C3%A2-gel-injection-for-breast-augmentation-case-report-of-one-case-and-review-of-literature
#15
Bok Ki Jung, In Sik Yun, Young Seok Kim, Tai Suk Roh
INTRODUCTION: Augmentation mammoplasty is one of the most popular aesthetic operations in the world. In Korea, one of the fillers used for breast augmentation is AQUAfilling® gel (Biomedica. spol, s,r,o, Czech Republic). AQUAfilling® gel is a hydrophilic gel composed of 98% sodium chloride solution (0.9%) and 2% cation copolyamide. METHODS: This is a case report describing a patient that suffered complications after AQUAfilling® gel injection for breast augmentation...
February 27, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475060/lanatoside-c-inhibits-cell-proliferation-and-induces-apoptosis-through-attenuating-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-c-myc-signaling-pathway-in-human-gastric-cancer-cell
#16
Yudong Hu, Kaikai Yu, Gang Wang, Depeng Zhang, Chaoji Shi, Yunhe Ding, Duo Hong, Dan Zhang, Huiqiong He, Lei Sun, Jun-Nian Zheng, Shuyang Sun, Feng Qian
Gastric cancer is the third common cause of cancer mortality in the world with poor prognosis and high recurrence due to lack of effective medicines. Our studies revealed that lanatoside C, a FDA-approved cardiac glycoside, had an anti-proliferation effect on different human cancer cell lines (MKN-45; SGC-7901; HN4; MCF-7; HepG2) and gastric cell lines MKN-45 and SGC-7901 were the most sensitive cell lines to lanatoside C. MKN-45 cells treated with lanatoside C showed cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase and inhibition of cell migration...
April 2018: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449890/benefits-harms-and-evidence-reflections-from-uk-primary-healthcare
#17
Margaret McCartney
In this paper I examine the relationship between benefits, harms and evidence-based medicine in the context of British primary healthcare. First, I will examine: 'What is a benefit and what is a harm?' Second, what should we know about where the balance of risk and benefit appear to lie? Third, what should we do with this knowledge, particularly in the context of the biopsychosocial gaze of primary care? I conclude that even perfect knowledge about benefits and harms requires to be translated in the context of the individual patient: it also requires to be interpreted according to what that persons' wishes are...
January 2018: London Journal of Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440155/adaptive-design-clinical-trials-a-review-of-the-literature-and-clinicaltrials-gov
#18
Laura E Bothwell, Jerry Avorn, Nazleen F Khan, Aaron S Kesselheim
OBJECTIVES: This review investigates characteristics of implemented adaptive design clinical trials and provides examples of regulatory experience with such trials. DESIGN: Review of adaptive design clinical trials in EMBASE, PubMed, Cochrane Registry of Controlled Clinical Trials, Web of Science and ClinicalTrials.gov. Phase I and seamless Phase I/II trials were excluded. Variables extracted from trials included basic study characteristics, adaptive design features, size and use of independent data monitoring committees (DMCs) and blinded interim analyses...
February 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408647/whole-exome-mutational-and-transcriptional-landscapes-of-combined-hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma-and-intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma-reveal-molecular-diversity
#19
Zhen-Hao Liu, Bao-Feng Lian, Qiong-Zhu Dong, Han Sun, Jin-Wang Wei, Yuan-Yuan Sheng, Wei Li, Yi-Xue Li, Lu Xie, Lei Liu, Lun-Xiu Qin
BACKGROUND: Primary liver cancer (PLC) is the third largest contributor to cancer mortality in the world. PLC is a heterogeneous disease that encompasses several biologically distinct subtypes including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) and combined hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma (CHC). CHC is a distinct, albeit rare, subtype of PLC and is comprised of cells with histopathological features of both HCC and ICC. Several studies have focused on the mutation and expression landscapes of HCC and ICC...
June 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392522/virtual-reality-as-an-educational-and-training-tool-for-medicine
#20
Santiago González Izard, Juan A Juanes, Francisco J García Peñalvo, Jesús Mª Gonçalvez Estella, Mª José Sánchez Ledesma, Pablo Ruisoto
Until very recently, we considered Virtual Reality as something that was very close, but it was still science fiction. However, today Virtual Reality is being integrated into many different areas of our lives, from videogames to different industrial use cases and, of course, it is starting to be used in medicine. There are two great general classifications for Virtual Reality. Firstly, we find a Virtual Reality in which we visualize a world completely created by computer, three-dimensional and where we can appreciate that the world we are visualizing is not real, at least for the moment as rendered images are improving very fast...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
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