keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Apnoea

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778252/social-support-mastery-sleep-related-problems-and-their-association-with-functional-status-in-untreated-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-patients
#1
Vladimira Timkova, Iveta Nagyova, Sijmen A Reijneveld, Ruzena Tkacova, Jitse P van Dijk, Ute Bültmann
BACKGROUND: Social support and mastery are important aspects in the treatment of chronic diseases, however their role in connection with Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA) remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: The study examined the associations between social support, mastery, sleep-related problems and functional status in untreated OSA patients. METHODS: All patients in this cross-sectional study completed the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, the Pearlin Mastery Scale, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, the Epworth Sleepiness Scale and the Functional Outcomes of Sleep Questionnaire...
May 16, 2018: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773418/-the-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-syndrome-is-not-only-bad-for-the-heart
#2
J Rajaoarifetra, A Palot, D Tissier Ducamp, C Tummino, M Gouitaa, P Chanez
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is common in the general population, particularly in the elderly. This syndrome is frequently responsible for severe cardiovascular complications. However, the indications for its treatment in the elderly remain controversial. We report the case of a 79-year-old man with severe, undiagnosed OSA who inhaled his fixed dental bridge during sleep. The inhaled foreign body came to rest in the lumen of the left main stem bronchus. The association of obesity with a body mass index of 30kg/m2 , snoring with breathing pauses reported by his partner, nocturia, morning headache and an Epworth score of 11 led to polysomnography which confirmed OSA with an apnoea/hypopnoea index of 53 per hour...
May 14, 2018: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771314/use-of-bibloc-and-monobloc-oral-appliances-in-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-a-multicentre-randomized-blinded-parallel-group-equivalence-trial
#3
Göran Isacsson, Eva Nohlert, Anette M C Fransson, Anna Bornefalk-Hermansson, Eva Wiman Eriksson, Eva Ortlieb, Livia Trepp, Anna Avdelius, Magnus Sturebrand, Clara Fodor, Thomas List, Mohamad Schumann, Åke Tegelberg
Background: The clinical benefit of bibloc over monobloc appliances in treating obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) has not been evaluated in randomized trials. We hypothesized that the two types of appliances are equally effective in treating OSA. Objective: To compare the efficacy of monobloc versus bibloc appliances in a short-term perspective. Patients and methods: In this multicentre, randomized, blinded, controlled, parallel-group equivalence trial, patients with OSA were randomly assigned to use either a bibloc or a monobloc appliance...
May 16, 2018: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763980/arterial-stiffness-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes-and-obstructive-sleep-apnoea
#4
M Hvelplund Kristiansen, A M Banghøj, E Laugesen, L Tarnow
AIMS: To examine whether people with Type 2 diabetes with concurrent obstructive sleep apnoea have increased arterial stiffness as compared with people with Type 2 diabetes without obstructive sleep apnoea. METHODS: In a study with a case-control design, 40 people with Type 2 diabetes and treatment-naïve moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnoea (Apnoea-Hypopnoea Index ≥15) and a control group of 31 people with Type 2 diabetes without obstructive sleep apnoea (Apnoea-Hypopnoea Index <5) were examined...
May 15, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760010/home-oximetry-to-screen-for-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-in-down-syndrome
#5
Catherine M Hill, Heather E Elphick, Michael Farquhar, Paul Gringras, Ruth M Pickering, Ruth N Kingshott, Jane Martin, Janine Reynolds, Anna Joyce, Johanna C Gavlak, Hazel J Evans
OBJECTIVE: Children with Down syndrome are at high risk of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and screening is recommended. Diagnosis of OSA should be confirmed with multichannel sleep studies. We aimed to determine whether home pulse oximetry (HPO) discriminates children at high risk of OSA, who need further diagnostic multichannel sleep studies. DESIGN: Cross-sectional prospective study in a training sample recruited through three UK centres. Validation sample used single-centre retrospective analysis of clinical data...
May 14, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756614/transoral-glossoepiglottopexy-in-the-treatment-of-adult-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-a-surgical-approach
#6
V Roustan, M Barbieri, F Incandela, F Missale, H Camera, F Braido, R Mora, G Peretti
The treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) is still a matter of debate; among the different therapeutic alternatives, both surgical and conservative, treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is considered the "gold standard". The recent scientific literature reports that even if CPAP represents an effective solution for sleep apnoeas, 12% of patients do not benefit from its use. In most cases, primary collapse of the epiglottis is responsible for failure. We developed a surgical technique that provides a stable support to the epiglottis without influencing its function during swallowing while preserving laryngeal anatomy and physiology...
February 2018: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756607/anterior-palatoplasty-in-the-treatment-of-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-a-systemic-review
#7
K P Pang, E B Pang, K A Pang, B Rotenberg
This study seeks to determine the objective and subjective success rates of anterior palatoplasty and its variants for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). A systematic review with two independent searches of Medline, PubMed, Cochrane Library and Evidence Based Medicine Reviews was performed to identify publications relevant to OSA and anterior palatoplasty. All relevant studies published before 30 June 2015 were included. Six studies were included in the systematic review. The numbers of patients in each paper ranged from 13 to 77 (total = 240), and mean age ranged from 21 to 51 years...
February 2018: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750668/management-of-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-an-update-on-the-role-of-distraction-osteogenesis
#8
Yiu Yan Leung, Karen Kar Yan Lai
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article reviews the current literature on the use of distraction osteogenesis as a treatment for patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). We reviewed the indications, surgical protocols and outcomes for distraction osteogenesis in paediatric and adult OSA cases described in the literature. RECENT FINDINGS: There is evidence that distraction osteogenesis is effective in treating children with OSA as a result of underdevelopment of jaws such as those with craniofacial syndromes...
May 9, 2018: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750475/effects-of-losartan-and-allopurinol-on-cardiorespiratory-regulation-in-obstructive-sleep-apnoea
#9
Barbara J Morgan, Mihaela Teodorescu, David F Pegelow, Emily R Jackson, Devin L Schneider, David T Plante, James P Gapinski, Scott J Hetzel, John M Dopp
Chemoreflex sensitization produced by chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) in rats is attenuated by angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1 R) blockade. AT1 R blockade and xanthine oxidase inhibition both ameliorate CIH-induced endothelial dysfunction. We hypothesized treatment with losartan and allopurinol would reduce chemoreflex sensitivity and improve hypoxic vasodilation in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). Eighty-six hypertensive patients with apnoea-hypopnoea index ≥25 events/hr and no other cardiovascular, pulmonary, renal, or metabolic disease were randomly assigned to receive allopurinol, losartan, or placebo for 6 weeks...
May 11, 2018: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747764/-genetics-diagnosis-and-characteristics-of-trisomy-21
#10
Aimé Ravel
Trisomy 21 remains relevant today. As patients' life expectancy increases, medical monitoring shows the importance of screening for associated complications such as epilepsy and sleep apnoea. For caregivers, it constitutes a care model for intellectually disabled people notably with regard to anxiety, poor expression of pain and family suffering. Scientific advances raise hope of progress in therapeutic practices.
May 2018: Soins. Pédiatrie, Puériculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747185/routine-screening-for-sleep-apnoea-by-dentists-now-recommended
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744684/biochemical-markers-of-cardiac-dysfunction-in-children-with-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-osa
#12
Daniel Hirsch, Carla A Evans, Melanie Wong, Rita Machaalani, Karen A Waters
OBJECTIVES: We explored relationships between biochemical markers and cardiac responses of children with and without obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) during exercise. We hypothesised that serum markers of sympathetic nervous system activity and low-grade inflammation would correlate with cardiac responses to exercise in children with or without OSA. METHODOLOGY: The study included 40 of 71 children with previously characterised responses to cardiopulmonary exercise testing...
May 9, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743318/shift-work-night-work-and-sleep-disorders-among-pastry-cookers-and-shopkeepers-in-france-a-cross-sectional-survey
#13
Emilie Pepin, Pascal Gillet, Fabien Sauvet, Danielle Gomez-Merino, Isabelle Thaon, Mounir Chennaoui, Damien Leger
OBJECTIVE: Most research on night and shift work focuses on employee health in large companies, primarily in the healthcare and transportation sectors. However, many night workers work on their own or in small businesses related to services or food. This survey focuses on sleep habits and disorders concerning night work in pastry production and sales. METHODS: An epidemiological telephone cross-sectional survey of night shift workers and their sleep habits was proposed to all employers and employees in the French pastry industry via their insurance health prevention company...
May 9, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740686/circulating-survivin-levels-in-obstructive-sleep-apnoea
#14
Laszlo Kunos, Peter Horvath, Adrian Kis, David Laszlo Tarnoki, Adam Domonkos Tarnoki, Zsofia Lazar, Andras Bikov
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is characterised by a low-grade systemic and airway inflammation; however, the regulatory mechanisms of inflammation are poorly explored. Survivin (Birc5) is an anti-apoptotic protein which inhibits Type 1 inflammation; however, this molecule has not been investigated in OSA. METHODS: Forty-five patients with OSA and 31 non-OSA control subjects were involved. Venous blood was collected for plasma survivin measurements before and after diagnostic overnight polysomnography...
May 8, 2018: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740019/feasibility-and-safety-of-using-local-anaesthesia-with-conscious-sedation-during-complex-cardiac-implantable-electronic-device-procedures
#15
Elif Kaya, Hendrik Südkamp, Julia Lortz, Tienush Rassaf, Rolf Alexander Jánosi
We assessed the feasibility and safety of using local anaesthesia with conscious sedation as an alternative to general anaesthesia during complex and noncomplex cardiac implantable device procedures. We enrolled 279 consecutive patients who underwent cardiac device implantation/replacement at our tertiary/quaternary cardiac specialist hospital during a 17-month study period. Continuous combined intravenous conscious sedation with propofol and midazolam plus fentanyl and local anaesthesia were used for all procedures...
May 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739785/comparison-of-success-criteria-based-on-long-term-symptoms-and-new-onset-hypertension-in-mandibular-advancement-device-treatment-for-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-observational-cohort-study
#16
Jee Hye Wee, Jae Hyun Lim, January E Gelera, Chae-Seo Rhee, Jeong-Whun Kim
OBJECTIVE: To identify adequate criteria to determine the success or failure of mandibular advancement device (MAD) treatment for obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) based on long-term symptoms and new-onset hypertension. DESIGN: Observational cohort study. SETTING: A tertiary care hospital setting in South Korea. PARTICIPANTS: Patients (age >18 years) who were diagnosed with OSA by a polysomnography (PSG) or Watch peripheral arterial tonometry (PAT), and who had been treated with MAD between January 2007 and December 2014 were enrolled...
May 8, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739543/special-indications-for-opioid-free-anaesthesia-and-analgesia-patient-and-procedure-related-including-obesity-sleep-apnoea-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-complex-regional-pain-syndromes-opioid-addiction-and-cancer-surgery
#17
REVIEW
Adrian Sultana, David Torres, Roman Schumann
Opioid-free anaesthesia (OFA) is a technique where no intraoperative systemic, neuraxial or intracavitary opioid is administered with the anaesthetic. Opioid-free analgesia similarly avoids opioids in the perioperative period. There are many compelling reasons to avoid opioids in the surgical population. A number of case reports and, increasingly, prospective studies from all over the world support its benefits, especially in the morbidly obese population with or without sleep apnoea. A derivative technique is opioid sparing, where the same techniques are used but some opioid use is allowed...
December 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737184/obstructive-sleep-apnoea-is-more-prevalent-in-men-with-schizophrenia-compared-to-general-population-controls-results-of-a-matched-cohort-study
#18
Hannah Myles, Andrew Vincent, Nicholas Myles, Robert Adams, Madhu Chandratilleke, Dennis Liu, Jeremy Mercer, Andrew Vakulin, Gary Wittert, Cherrie Galletly
OBJECTIVES: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) may be more common in people with schizophrenia compared to the general population, but the relative prevalence is unknown. Here, we determine the relative prevalence of severe OSA in a cohort of men with schizophrenia compared to representative general population controls, and investigate the contribution of age and body mass index (BMI) to differences in prevalence. METHODS: Rates of severe OSA (apnoea-hypopnoea index > 30) were compared between male patients with schizophrenia and controls from a representative general population study of OSA...
May 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735608/diagnostic-accuracy-of-a-two-stage-model-for-detecting-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-in-chronic-tetraplegia
#19
Marnie Graco, Rachel Schembri, Susan Cross, Chinnaya Thiyagarajan, Shirin Shafazand, Najib T Ayas, Mark S Nash, Viet H Vu, Warren R Ruehland, Ching Li Chai-Coetzer, Peter Rochford, Thomas Churchward, Sally E Green, David J Berlowitz
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is highly prevalent in people with spinal cord injury (SCI). Polysomnography (PSG) is the gold-standard diagnostic test for OSA, however PSG is expensive and frequently inaccessible, especially in SCI. A two-stage model, incorporating a questionnaire followed by oximetry, has been found to accurately detect moderate to severe OSA (MS-OSA) in a non-disabled primary care population. This study investigated the accuracy of the two-stage model in chronic tetraplegia using both the original model and a modified version for tetraplegia...
May 7, 2018: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734961/the-role-of-neonatal-pulmonary-morbidity-in-the-longitudinal-patterns-of-hospitalisation-for-respiratory-infection-during-the-first-year-of-life
#20
Kim S Betts, Ricardo J Soares Magalhães, Rosa Alati
Respiratory infections among infants constitute a major burden to health care systems in developed nations, yet the course and risk factors leading to these conditions are poorly understood. We examine the longitudinal patterns of respiratory infection hospitalisation (RIH) and how these patterns are influenced by neonatal pulmonary morbidities. We included all live births (n = 429 058) occurring in the Australian state of Queensland between January 2009 and December 2015. Data were structured so that each participant had a record (present/absent) of RIH for each month from birth to 12 months...
May 8, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
keyword
keyword
22120
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"