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Jayita De, Anne P F Wand, Peter I Smerdely, Glenn E Hunt
OBJECTIVE: To measure the diagnostic accuracy of the 4A's test in screening for delirium in geriatric inpatients from culturally diverse backgrounds. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted with patients admitted to the geriatric and orthogeriatric services of a tertiary teaching hospital. Consenting participants aged 65 years and over were screened for delirium with the 4AT by nursing staff within 72 h of admission. The diagnosis of delirium was made separately by expert assessors, responsible for the participant's clinical care, blinded to the 4AT score, within 30 min of the 4AT assessment using the DSM 5 criteria and the Confusion Assessment Method...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
L Cortejoso, R A Dietz, G Hofmann, M Gosch, A Sattler
BACKGROUND: Inappropriate pharmacotherapy among older adults remains a critical issue in our health care systems. Besides polypharmacy and multiple comorbidities, the age-related pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic changes may increase the risk of adverse drug reactions and medication errors. OBJECTIVE: The main target of this study was to describe the characteristics of pharmaceutical interventions in two geriatric wards (orthogeriatric ward and geriatric day unit) of a general teaching hospital and to evaluate the clinical significance of the detected medication errors...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
E Shanahan, C Henderson, A Butler, B Lenehan, T Sheehy, A Costelloe, S Carew, C Peters, M O'Connor, D Lyons, J Ryan
Hip fracture is common in older adults and is associated with high morbidity, mortality and significant health care costs. A pilot orthogeriatrics service was established in an acute hospital. We aimed to establish the cost effectiveness of this service. Length of hospital stay, discharge destination and rehabilitation requirements were analysed for a one year period and compared to patients who received usual care prior to the service. We calculated the costs incurred and savings produced by the orthogeriatric service...
2016: Irish Medical Journal
Jose Leal, Alastair M Gray, Samuel Hawley, Daniel Prieto-Alhambra, Antonella Delmestri, Nigel K Arden, Cyrus Cooper, M Kassim Javaid, Andrew Judge
Fracture liaison services are recommended as a model of best practice for organising patient care and secondary fracture prevention for hip fracture patients, although variation exists in how such services are structured. There is considerable uncertainty as to which model is most cost-effective and should therefore be mandated. This study evaluated the cost-effectiveness of orthogeriatric (OG) and nurse-led fracture liaison service (FLS) models of post-hip fracture care compared to usual care. Analyses were conducted from a healthcare and personal social services payer perspective, using a Markov model to estimate the lifetime impact of the models of care...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
Robert Wilk, Michał Skrzypek, Małgorzata Kowalska, Damian Kusz, Bogdan Koczy, Piotr Zagórski, Wojciech Pluskiewicz
BACKGROUND: Patients with hip fractures present a great challenge for surgeons due to multimorbidity, polypharmacy as well as difficulty in communicating. These could be attributed to a recent trend in the aging patient population (80 years and older) as compared to the past. The aim of this study is to analyze age structure and location in male and female patients' population with hip fracture over 50. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hospital records between 2005 and 2014 with ICD-10 codes S72,0, S72,1 and S72,2 were included in the analysis...
September 6, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
C Gatot, A Cc Chou, T S Howe, W Yeo, H C Chong, J Sb Koh
PURPOSE: To identify predictors for rehabilitation outcome in Asian geriatric hip fracture patients. METHODS: Records of 153 consecutive Asian patients aged 61 to 99 years who underwent surgery for hip fracture and were followed up for at least one year were reviewed. They were stratified into 4 agegroups: 60-69 years (n=27), 70-79 years (n=70), 80-89 years (n=50), and ≥90 years (n=6). Any comorbidity, regardless of severity, was recorded. Pre-injury and postoperative functional status was evaluated using the 36-item Short Form Health Survey...
August 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
M Gosch, Y Hoffmann-Weltin, T Roth, M Blauth, J A Nicholas, C Kammerlander
BACKGROUND: Fragility fractures are a major health care problem worldwide. Both hip and non-hip fractures are associated with excess mortality in the years following the fracture. Residents of long-term nursing homes represent a special high-risk group for poor outcomes. Orthogeriatric co-management models of care have shown in multiple studies to have medical as well as economic advantages, but their impact on this high-risk group has not been well studied. OBJECTIVE: We studied the outcome of long-term care residents with hip and non-hip fractures admitted to a geriatric fracture center...
October 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Alexander Fisher, Wichat Srikusalanukul, Leon Fisher, Paul Smith
AIM: To investigate the association of the neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) at admission with presence of fracture, comorbid conditions, and its prognostic value for short-term outcomes in orthogeriatric patients. METHODS: On 415 consecutive patients (mean age 78.8 ±8.7[SD] years, 281 women, 255 with a non-vertebral bone fracture, including 167 with a hip fracture, HF) admitted to the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery at the Canberra hospital (2010 - 2011) data on clinical and laboratory characteristics were collected prospectively...
2016: International Journal of Medical Sciences
R Gunathilake, E Epstein, S McNeill, B Walsh
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate factors that were associated with receiving anti-osteoporosis treatment (AOT) among patients with minimal trauma hip fracture admitted to an Australian tertiary trauma centre under the Acute Orthogeriatric Service (AOS) over a 6 month period. DESIGN: Observational study using prospectively collected data. METHODS: Demographic and clinical characteristics of 211 patients were extracted from the local hip fracture registry and electronic medical records...
October 2016: Injury
D Schray, C Neuerburg, J Stein, M Gosch, M Schieker, W Böcker, C Kammerlander
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of osteoporosis in female patients over 75 years of age is 59.2 %. In Germany ~6.3-7.8 million patients are affected by osteoporosis. In 77 % of german patients osteoporosis is not treated adequately. Even after fragility fractures only 16-21 % of female patients and 3 % of male patients are supplied with a specific osteoporosis therapy. Establishing a Fracture Liaison Services (FLS) is a possible addition to co-management for an efficient treatment of osteoporosis in orthogeriatric patients...
October 2016: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Francisco José Tarazona-Santabalbina, Ángel Belenguer-Varea, Eduardo Rovira, David Cuesta-Peredó
Hip fractures are a very serious socio-economic problem in western countries. Since the 1950s, orthogeriatric units have introduced improvements in the care of geriatric patients admitted to hospital because of hip fractures. During this period, these units have reduced mean hospital stays, number of complications, and both in-hospital mortality and mortality over the middle term after hospital discharge, along with improvements in the quality of care and a reduction in costs. Likewise, a recent clinical trial has reported greater functional gains among the affected patients...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
E C Folbert, J H Hegeman, M Vermeer, E M Regtuijt, D van der Velde, H J Ten Duis, J P Slaets
: To improve the quality of care and reduce the healthcare costs of elderly patients with a hip fracture, surgeons and geriatricians collaborated intensively due to the special needs of these patients. After treatment at the Centre for Geriatric Traumatology (CvGT), we found a significant decrease in the 1-year mortality rate in frail elderly patients compared to the historical control patients who were treated with standard care. INTRODUCTION: The study aimed to evaluate the effect of an orthogeriatric treatment model on elderly patients with a hip fracture on the 1-year mortality rate and identify associated risk factors...
July 21, 2016: Osteoporosis International
Christian Kammerlander, Hitendra K Doshi, Wolfgang Böcker, Markus Gosch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: BioMed Research International
K Singler, S Goisser, D Volkert
The prevalence of malnutrition or the risk of malnourishment is high among orthogeriatric patients and a poor nutritional status is associated with a negative outcome. A comprehensive management of preoperative and postoperative nutritional and fluid intake in these patients can help to improve the situation. The management includes identification of patients affected, a thorough assessment of the nutritional status, work-up of possible underlying causes, documentation of nutritional and fluid intake and, most importantly, procedures to improve the preoperative and postoperative nutritional situation...
August 2016: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
C Neuerburg, S Mehaffey, M Gosch, W Böcker, M Blauth, C Kammerlander
OBJECTIVE: Use of standardized cement augmentation of the proximal femur nail antirotation (PFNA) for the treatment of trochanteric fragility fractures, which are associated with high morbidity and mortality, to achieve safer conditions for immediate full weight-bearing and mobilization, thus, improving preservation of function and independency of orthogeriatric patients. INDICATIONS: Trochanteric fragility fractures (type 31-A1-3). CONTRAINDICATIONS: Ipsilateral arthritis of the hip, leakage of contrast agent into the hip joint, femoral neck fractures...
June 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
Charlotte Stenqvist, Christian Medom Madsen, Troels Riis, Henrik Løvendahl Jørgensen, Benn Rønnow Duus, Jes Bruun Lauritzen, Susanne van der Mark
INTRODUCTION: Orthogeriatric service has been shown to improve outcomes in patients with hip fracture. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of orthogeriatrics at Bispebjerg University Hospital, Denmark. The primary outcome is mortality inhospital and after 1, 3, and 12 months for patients with hip fracture. The secondary outcome is mortality for home dwellers and nursing home inhabitants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective clinical cohort study with an historic control group including all patients with hip fracture admitted from 2007 to 2011...
June 2016: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
Thomas J Luger, Markus F Luger
Elderly patients increasingly need to undergo surgery under anesthesia, especially following trauma. A timely interdisciplinary approach to the perioperative management of these patients is decisive for the long-term outcome. Orthogeriatric co-management, which includes geriatricians and anesthesiologists from an early stage, is of great benefit for geriatric patients. Patient age, comorbidities and self-sufficiency in activities of daily life are decisive for an anesthesiological assessment of the state of health and preoperative risk stratification...
April 2016: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
C Y Henderson, E Shanahan, A Butler, B Lenehan, M O'Connor, D Lyons, J P Ryan
BACKGROUND: Hip fracture is a common serious injury afflicting the geriatric population and is associated with poor clinical outcomes, functional and walking disabilities and high 1-year mortality rates. A multidisciplinary approach has been shown to improve outcomes of geriatric patients with fragility fracture. AIMS: We piloted a dedicated orthogeriatric service for hip fracture patients to determine if the service facilitated a change in major patient outcomes, such as mortality, length of stay and dependency...
April 8, 2016: Irish Journal of Medical Science
Lester Teong Jin Tan, Seng Joung Wong, Ernest Beng Kee Kwek
INTRODUCTION: The estimated incidence of hip fractures worldwide was 1.26 million in 1990 and is expected to double to 2.6 million by 2025. The cost of care for hip fracture patients is a significant economic burden. This study aimed to look at the inpatient cost of hip fractures among elderly patients placed under a mature orthogeriatric co-managed system. METHODS: This study was a retrospective analysis of 244 patients who were admitted to the Department of Orthopaedics of Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore, in 2011 for hip fractures under a mature orthogeriatric hip fracture carepath...
April 8, 2016: Singapore Medical Journal
Sebastian Suarez, Rodrigo Fernando Pesantez, Mario Enrique Diaz, Daniela Sanchez, Lady Johana Tristancho, Maria Victoria Vanegas, Carlos Mario Olarte
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate mortality and survival rates of patients aged 65 years or older who sustained a hip fracture and were treated at a hospital in Bogotá, Colombia, after the establishment of an Orthogeriatric Program. METHOD: In total, 298 patients were treated according to the program's protocol. The primary outcome was 1-year mortality. Mortality predictors were estimated using Cox proportional hazards model, and survival was measured with Kaplan-Meier analysis...
March 16, 2016: Journal of Aging and Health
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