keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Emergency peritoneal dialysis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066919/innovations-in-treatment-delivery-risk-of-peritonitis-and-patient-retention-on-peritoneal-dialysis
#1
Beth Piraino
Early innovations in the delivery of peritoneal dialysis (PD) markedly improved its acceptability and lowered peritonitis rates. The standard osmotic agent was, and continues to be dextrose, an agent that is not ideal as it is readily absorbed. The development of icodextrin-containing dialysis fluid has allowed a long dwell time to provide more effective ultrafiltration. The development of a smaller, more easily used automated cycler, led to an increase in the proportion of patients on the cycler as opposed to CAPD...
January 8, 2017: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058621/mesenchymal-stroma-cells-in-peritoneal-dialysis-effluents-from-patients
#2
Bin Liu, Qiunong Guan, Jing Li, Gerald da Roza, Hao Wang, Caigan Du
Mesenchymal stroma cells (MSCs) have potential as an emerging cell therapy for treating many different diseases, but discovery of the practical sources of MSCs is needed for the large-scale clinical application of this therapy. This study was to identify MSCs in peritoneal dialysis (PD) effluents that were discarded after PD. The effluents were collected from patients who were on the dialysis for less than 1 month. Adherent cells from the effluents were isolated by incubation in serum-containing medium in plastic culture dishes...
January 5, 2017: Human Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056851/quality-of-life-in-patients-on-chronic-dialysis-in-south-africa-a-comparative-mixed-methods-study
#3
Elliot K Tannor, Elize Archer, Kenneth Kapembwa, Susan C van Schalkwyk, M Razeen Davids
BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of treated end-stage renal disease and low transplant rates in Africa leads to longer durations on dialysis. Dialysis should not only be aimed at prolonging lives but also improve quality of life (QOL). Using mixed methods, we investigated the QOL of patients on chronic haemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD). METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study at Tygerberg Hospital in Cape Town, South Africa. All the PD patients were being treated with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis...
January 5, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998312/rare-presentation-of-subcapsular-hepatic-steatosis-in-a-woman-with-uncontrolled-diabetes-without-peritoneal-dialysis-a-case-report
#4
Varun Chowdhary, Jennifer S Golia Pernicka, Richa Sharma
BACKGROUND: Subcapsular hepatic steatosis is a rare atypical pattern of fatty deposition of the liver reported in patients with diabetic nephropathy receiving peritoneal dialysis with intraperitoneal insulin. To date, there has been only one pediatric and zero adult cases of subcapsular hepatic steatosis with no history of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. We report the first published case of subcapsular hepatic steatosis in an adult diabetic patient without any history of peritoneal dialysis or evidence of chronic renal disease...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903852/topical-honey-in-the-management-of-pediatric-peritoneal-dialysis-exit-sites
#5
Thomas A Forbes, Loren Shaw, Catherine Quinlan
International guidelines in peritoneal dialysis (PD) advocate for regular application of topical mupirocin in chronic PD exit-site care. A strong evidence base links this treatment to reduced rates of exit-site infections and peritonitis. However, emerging reports of increasing mupirocin resistance and gram-negative infections are threatening the long-term viability of topical antibiotic ointments as a prophylactic treatment. Medical grade honey has multiple proven antibacterial and wound healing properties...
November 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893682/peritoneal-dialysis-related-peritonitis-due-to-halomonas-hamiltonii-a-first-case-report
#6
Se Hwan Yeo, Jae Hoon Kwak, Yeo Un Kim, Jin Suk Lee, Hyo Jin Kim, Kyoung Hwa Park, Jung Sook Lee, Gyoung Yim Ha, Jeong Ho Lee, Jun Yeop Lee, Kyung Don Yoo
INTRODUCTION: Halomonas hamiltonii is a Gram-negative, halophilic, motile, and nonspore-forming rod bacterium. Although most Halomonas sp. are commonly found in saline environments, it has rarely been implicated as a cause of human infection. Herein, the authors present a case report of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD)-related peritonitis attributed to H hamiltonii. CASE PRESENTATION: An 82-year-old male patient who had been receiving CAPD therapy presented to an emergency department with complaints of abdominal pain and cloudy dialysate that had persisted for 2 days...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844146/effect-of-center-practices-on-the-choice-of-the-first-dialysis-modality-for-children-and-young-adults
#7
Julien Hogan, Bruno Ranchin, Marc Fila, Jérome Harambat, Saoussen Krid, Isabelle Vrillon, Gwenaelle Roussey, Michel Fischbach, Cécile Couchoud
BACKGROUND: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) remains the modality of choice in children, but there is no clear evidence to support a better outcome in children treated with PD. We aimed to assess factors that have an impact on the choice of dialysis modality in children and young adults in France and sought to determine the roles of medical factors and center practices. METHODS: We included all patients aged <20 years at the start of renal replacement therapy (RRT), recorded in the French RRT Registry between 2002 and 2013...
November 14, 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668155/experimental-systems-to-study-the-origin-of-the-myofibroblast-in-peritoneal-fibrosis
#8
REVIEW
Manreet Padwal, Peter J Margetts
Peritoneal fibrosis is one of the major complications occurring in long-term peritoneal dialysis patients as a result of injury. Peritoneal fibrosis is characterized by submesothelial thickening and fibrosis which is associated with a decline in peritoneal membrane function. The myofibroblast has been identified as the key player involved in the development and progression of peritoneal fibrosis. Activation of the myofibroblast is correlated with expansion of the extracellular matrix and changes in peritoneal membrane integrity...
September 2016: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635164/chronic-peritoneal-dialysis-in-children-the-role-of-ultrasound-in-the-diagnosis-of-peritoneal-catheter-obstruction
#9
Francesco Esposito, Marco Di Serafino, Concetta Ambrosio, Maria Rita Panico, Francesca Malacario, Carmela Mercogliano, Carmine Pecoraro, Patrizia Oresta
PURPOSE: Over the past two decades, continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis has emerged as the first-choice dialysis modality in children awaiting for transplantation. Despite the improvements observed in catheter survival over the past several years, the obstruction is one of the reasons for immediate catheter non-function. This study assessed usefulness of ultrasound (US) in visualizing the obstruction of chronic peritoneal dialysis (CPD) catheter and identifying the etiology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2000 and November 2012, 38 patients (20 M, 18 F) were treated with CPD and examined with US...
September 2016: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587067/pre-dialysis-renal-clinic-visits-and-patients-outcomes-on-peritoneal-dialysis
#10
Wen Tang, Xiu-Hong Hu, Lei Zhu, Zhe-Li Niu, Chu-Yan Su, Qing-Feng Han, Tao Wang
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of pre-dialysis renal care on peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients' outcomes in China. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, patients who started PD during January 1, 2006, to December 31, 2014, were included. Patients' medical charts were reviewed to extract the information. To explore the effect of pre-dialysis renal care on patients' outcomes, patient were divided into two groups according to whether or not they had frequent renal clinic visits: Group A (with frequent visits) and Group B (without frequent visits)...
November 2016: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27576590/engagement-in-decision-making-and-patient-satisfaction-a-qualitative-study-of-older-patients-perceptions-of-dialysis-initiation-and-modality-decisions
#11
Keren Ladin, Naomi Lin, Emily Hahn, Gregory Zhang, Susan Koch-Weser, Daniel E Weiner
BACKGROUND: Although shared decision-making (SDM) can better align patient preferences with treatment, barriers remain incompletely understood and the impact on patient satisfaction is unknown. METHODS: This is a qualitative study with semistructured interviews. A purposive sample of prevalent dialysis patients ≥65 years of age at two facilities in Greater Boston were selected for diversity in time from initiation, race, modality and vintage. A codebook was developed and interrater reliability was 89%...
August 30, 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536676/peritoneal-dialysis-in-western-countries
#12
REVIEW
Dirk G Struijk
BACKGROUND: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) for the treatment of end-stage renal failure was introduced in the 1960s. Nowadays it has evolved to an established therapy that is complementary to hemodialysis (HD), representing 11% of all patients treated worldwide with dialysis. Despite good clinical outcomes and similar results in patient survival between PD and HD, the penetration of PD is decreasing in the Western world. SUMMARY: First the major events in the history of the development of PD are described...
December 2015: Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536675/peritoneal-dialysis-in-asia
#13
REVIEW
Vickie Wai-Ki Kwong, Philip Kam-Tao Li
BACKGROUND: There is a growing demand of dialysis in Asia for end-stage renal failure patients. Diabetes mellitus is the leading cause of end-stage renal failure in many countries in Asia. SUMMARY: The growth of peritoneal dialysis (PD) in Asia is significant and seeing a good trend. With the enhanced practices of PD, the quality of care in PD in Asia is also improved. Overall, PD and hemodialysis (HD) are comparable in clinical outcome. There is a global trend in the reduction of peritonitis rates and Asian countries also witness such improvement...
December 2015: Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27318887/-peritoneal-dialysis-for-acute-renal-failure-rediscovery-of-an-old-modality-of-renal-replacement-therapy
#14
Belkacem Issad, Guy Rostoker, Corinne Bagnis, Gilbert Deray
Acute renal failure (ARF) in adults in the intensive care unit (ICU) often evolves in a context of multiple organ failure, which explains the high mortality rate and increase treatment needs. Among, two modalities of renal replacement therapy, peritoneal dialysis (PD) was the first modality used for the treatment of ARF in the 1950s. Today, while PD is generalized for chronic renal failure treatment, its use in the ICU is limited, particularly, due to the advent of new hemodialysis techniques and the development of continuous replacement therapy...
July 2016: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27270519/colorectal-surgery-outcomes-in-chronic-dialysis-patients-an-american-college-of-surgeons-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-study
#15
Anne-Marie E Sirany, Christopher J Chow, Hiroko Kunitake, Robert D Madoff, David A Rothenberger, Mary R Kwaan
BACKGROUND: More than 450,000 US patients with end-stage renal disease currently dialyze. The risk of morbidity and mortality for these patients after colorectal surgery has been incompletely described. OBJECTIVE: We analyzed the 30-day morbidity and mortality rates of chronic dialysis patients who underwent colorectal surgery. DESIGN: This was a retrospective analysis. SETTINGS: Hospitals that participate in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program were included...
July 2016: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27182000/preservation-of-residual-kidney-function-in-hemodialysis-patients-reviving-an-old-concept
#16
REVIEW
Anna T Mathew, Steven Fishbane, Yoshitsugu Obi, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh
Residual kidney function (RKF) may confer a variety of benefits to patients on maintenance dialysis. RKF provides continuous clearance of middle molecules and protein-bound solutes. Whereas the definition of RKF varies across studies, interdialytic urine volume may emerge as a pragmatic alternative to more cumbersome calculations. RKF preservation is associated with better patient outcomes including survival and quality of life and is a clinical parameter and research focus in peritoneal dialysis. We propose the following practical considerations to preserve RKF, especially in newly transitioned (incident) hemodialysis patients: (1) periodic monitoring of RKF in hemodialysis patients through urine volume and including residual urea clearance with dialysis adequacy and outcome markers such as anemia, fluid gains, minerals and electrolytes, nutritional, status and quality of life; (2) avoidance of nephrotoxic agents such as radiocontrast dye, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and aminoglycosides; (3) more rigorous hypertension control and minimizing intradialytic hypotensive episodes; (4) individualizing the initial dialysis prescription with consideration of an incremental/infrequent approach to hemodialysis initiation (e...
August 2016: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27044797/comparison-of-early-mechanical-and-infective-complications-in-first-time-blind-bedside-midline-percutaneous-tenckhoff-catheter-insertion-with-ultra-short-break-in-period-in-diabetics-and-non-diabetics-setting-new-standards
#17
Ninoo George, Suceena Alexander, Vinoi George David, Gopal Basu, Anjali Mohapatra, Anna T Valson, Shibu Jacob, Harish K Pathak, Antony Devasia, Veerasamy Tamilarasi, Santosh Varughese
♦ BACKGROUND: There are no large studies that have examined ultra-short break-in period with a blind, bedside, midline approach to Tenckhoff catheter insertion. ♦ METHODS: Observational cohort study of 245 consecutive adult patients who underwent percutaneous catheter insertion for chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD) at our center from January 2009 to December 2013. There were 132 (53.9%) diabetics and 113 (46.1%) non-diabetics in the cohort. ♦ RESULTS: The mean break-in period for the percutaneous group was 2...
November 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27044796/alternating-mupirocin-gentamicin-is-associated-with-increased-risk-of-fungal-peritonitis-as-compared-with-gentamicin-alone-results-of-a-randomized-open-label-controlled-trial
#18
Ping-Nam Wong, Gensy M W Tong, Yuk-Yi Wong, Kin-Yee Lo, Shuk-Fan Chan, Man-Wai Lo, Kwok-Chi Lo, Lo-Yi Ho, Cindy W S Tse, Siu-Ka Mak, Andrew K M Wong
UNLABELLED:BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Catheter-related infection, namely exit-site infection (ESI) and peritonitis, is a major infectious complication and remains a main cause of technique failure for patients receiving peritoneal dialysis (PD). Topical application of antibiotic cream might reduce catheter-related infection but emergence of resistant or opportunistic organisms could be a concern. Optimal topical agents and regimens remain to be determined. We did a study to examine the effect of an alternating topical antibiotic regimen in preventing catheter-related infection...
May 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26937409/haemodialysis-is-an-effective-treatment-in-acute-metabolic-decompensation-of-maple-syrup-urine-disease
#19
P S Atwal, C Macmurdo, P C Grimm
Acute metabolic decompensation in maple syrup urine disease can occur during intercurrent illness and is a medical emergency. A handful of reports in the medical literature describe the use of peritoneal dialysis and haemodialysis as therapeutic inventions. We report the only patient from our centre to have haemodialysis performed in this setting. Combined with dietary BCAA restriction and calorific support, haemodialysis allows rapid reduction in plasma leucine concentrations considerably faster than conservative methods...
September 2015: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26932814/emphysematous-cholecystitis-presenting-as-gas-forming-liver-abscess-and-pneumoperitoneum-in-a-dialysis-patient-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
REVIEW
Chen-Yi Liao, Chi-Chang Tsai, Wu-Hsien Kuo, Ren-Jy Ben, Ho-Cheng Lin, Ching-Chang Lee, Kuan-Jen Su, Han-En Wang, Chih-Chiang Wang, I-Hung Chen, Shang-Tao Chien, Ming-Kai Tsai
BACKGROUND: Emphysematous cholecystitis is a rare variant of acute cholecystitis with a high mortality rate. The combination of emphysematous cholecystitis, liver abscess and pneumoperitoneum are even rarer. Herein we present a case of emphysematous cholecystitis in a senile diabetic lady who had worsening hemodynamics while undergoing hemodialysis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 64-year-old woman with history of type 2 diabetes mellitus and end stage renal disease with regular hemodialysis presented to the emergency department with a 1-day history of sudden onset of lassitude and hypotension during hemodialysis...
March 1, 2016: BMC Nephrology
keyword
keyword
22106
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"