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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351607/sector-wide-or-disease-specific-implications-of-trends-in-development-assistance-for-health-for-the-sdg-era
#1
Anne L Buffardi
The record of the Millennium Development Goals broadly reflects the trade-offs of disease-specific financing: substantial progress in particular areas, facilitated by time-bound targets that are easy to measure and communicate, which shifted attention and resources away from other areas, masked inequalities and exacerbated fragmentation. In many ways, the Sustainable Development Goals reflect a profound shift towards a more holistic, system-wide approach. To inform responses to this shift, this article builds upon existing work on aggregate trends in donor financing, bringing together what have largely been disparate analyses of sector-wide and disease-specific financing approaches...
January 16, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351515/understanding-key-mechanisms-of-exercise-induced-cardiac-protection-to-mitigate-disease-current-knowledge-and-emerging-concepts
#2
Bianca C Bernardo, Jenny Y Y Ooi, Kate L Weeks, Natalie L Patterson, Julie R McMullen
The benefits of exercise on the heart are well recognized, and clinical studies have demonstrated that exercise is an intervention that can improve cardiac function in heart failure patients. This has led to significant research into understanding the key mechanisms responsible for exercise-induced cardiac protection. Here, we summarize molecular mechanisms that regulate exercise-induced cardiac myocyte growth and proliferation. We discuss in detail the effects of exercise on other cardiac cells, organelles, and systems that have received less or little attention and require further investigation...
January 1, 2018: Physiological Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351350/visualized-analysis-of-developing-trends-and-hot-topics-in-natural-disaster-research
#3
Shi Shen, Changxiu Cheng, Jing Yang, Shanli Yang
This study visualized and analyzed the developing trends and hot topics in natural disaster research. 19694 natural disaster-related articles (January 1900 to June 2015) are indexed in the Web of Science database. The first step in this study is using complex networks to visualize and analyze these articles. CiteSpace and Gephi were employed to generate a countries collaboration network and a disciplines collaboration network, and then attached hot topics to countries and disciplines, respectively. The results show that USA, China, and Italy are the three major contributors to natural disaster research...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351262/imu-to-segment-assignment-and-orientation-alignment-for-the-lower-body-using-deep-learning
#4
Tobias Zimmermann, Bertram Taetz, Gabriele Bleser
Human body motion analysis based on wearable inertial measurement units (IMUs) receives a lot of attention from both the research community and the and industrial community. This is due to the significant role in, for instance, mobile health systems, sports and human computer interaction. In sensor based activity recognition, one of the major issues for obtaining reliable results is the sensor placement/assignment on the body. For inertial motion capture (joint kinematics estimation) and analysis, the IMU-to-segment (I2S) assignment and alignment are central issues to obtain biomechanical joint angles...
January 19, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351242/-vessels-in-the-storm-searching-for-prognostic-and-predictive-angiogenic-factors-in-colorectal-cancer
#5
REVIEW
Adriano Angelucci, Simona Delle Monache, Alessio Cortellini, Monica Di Padova, Ficorella Corrado
High expectations are placed upon anti-angiogenic compounds for metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), the first malignancy for which such type of treatment has been approved. Indeed, clinical trials have confirmed that targeting the formation of new vessels can improve in many cases clinical outcomes of mCRC patients. However, current anti-angiogenic drugs are far from obtaining the desirable or expected curative results. Many are the factors probably involved in such disappointing results, but particular attention is currently focused on the validation of biomarkers able to improve the direction of treatment protocols...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351223/a-novel-walking-detection-and-step-counting-algorithm-using-unconstrained-smartphones
#6
Xiaomin Kang, Baoqi Huang, Guodong Qi
Recently, with the development of artificial intelligence technologies and the popularity of mobile devices, walking detection and step counting have gained much attention since they play an important role in the fields of equipment positioning, saving energy, behavior recognition, etc. In this paper, a novel algorithm is proposed to simultaneously detect walking motion and count steps through unconstrained smartphones in the sense that the smartphone placement is not only arbitrary but also alterable. On account of the periodicity of the walking motion and sensitivity of gyroscopes, the proposed algorithm extracts the frequency domain features from three-dimensional (3D) angular velocities of a smartphone through FFT (fast Fourier transform) and identifies whether its holder is walking or not irrespective of its placement...
January 19, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351177/units-of-distinction-creating-a-blueprint-for-recognition-of-high-performing-medical-surgical-nursing-units
#7
Alvin D Jeffery, Sammie Mosier, Allison Baker, Kimberly Korwek, Cindy Borum, Jane Englebright
BACKGROUND: Hospital medical-surgical (M/S) nursing units are responsible for up to 28 million encounters annually, yet receive little attention from professional organizations and national initiatives targeted to improve quality and performance. OBJECTIVE: We sought to develop a framework recognizing high-performing units within our large hospital system. METHODS: This was a retrospective data analysis of M/S units throughout a 168-hospital system...
February 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351114/sexual-and-reproductive-issues-and-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-neglected-topic-in-men
#8
Mariangela Allocca, Daniela Gilardi, Gionata Fiorino, Federica Furfaro, Laurent Peyrin-Biroulet, Silvio Danese
There has been considerable literature on sexual issues in women with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), but relatively little attention has been paid to these aspects in men. To review the available literature and to provide the best management of sexual and reproductive issues in male patients with IBD. The scientific literature on sexual and reproductive issues in men with IBD was reviewed. Several factors, including surgical and medication treatments, disease activity, lifestyle, and psychological factors, may play a role in the development of infertility and sexual dysfunction and may negatively impact pregnancy outcomes...
January 18, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351108/neuroimaging-in-neurodevelopmental-disorders-focus-on-resting-state-fmri-analysis-of-intrinsic-functional-brain-connectivity
#9
Allison Jack
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Resting-state fMRI assessment of instrinsic functional brain connectivity (rs-fcMRI) in autism spectrum disorders (ASD) allows assessment of participants with a wide range of functioning levels, and collection of multisite databases that facilitate large-scale analysis. These heterogeneous multisite data present both promise and methodological challenge. Herein, we provide an overview of recent (1 October 2016-1 November 2017) empirical research on ASD rs-fcMRI, focusing on work that helps clarify how best to leverage the power of these data...
January 17, 2018: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351071/a-frequent-roundworm-baylisascaris-transfuga-in-overpopulated-brown-bears-ursus-arctos-in-slovakia-a-problem-worthy-of-attention
#10
Gabriela Štrkolcová, Mária Goldová, Viliam Šnábel, Marta Špakulová, Tatiana Orosová, Miloš Halán, Jana Mojžišová
The genus Baylisascaris (order Ascaridida) includes numerous relatively host-specific nematodes, which are common in intestines of wild mammals. Some of them may have impact on veterinary and public health, as their larvae have the potential to cause visceral, ocular, and/or neural larva migrans in a wide range of mammals, birds, and humans. Baylisascaris transfuga is a parasite occurring in a range of bear species throughout the world. We present the current data on B. transfuga occurrence in brown bears from a relatively restricted territory of the Poľana Protected Landscape Area in Central Slovakia, obtained by traditional methods (faecal examination, morphology)...
March 26, 2018: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351066/contamination-of-swimming-pools-and-hot-tubs-biofilms-with-acanthamoeba
#11
Behroz Mahdavi Poor, Abdolhossein Dalimi, Fatemeh Ghafarifar, Fariba Khoshzaban, Jalal Abdolalizadeh
The members of Acanthamoeba genus are ubiquitous amoeba which could be a pathogenic parasite. The amoeba is resistant to the common chlorine concentration that used for disinfecting the swimming pool water. Therefore, the pools can be suitable environments for the survival and multiplication of the amoeba. In this cross sectional study, 10 indoor recreational water centers from different regions of Tabriz city were selected and sampling was done from fixed and floating biofilms of the swimming pools and hot tubs...
March 26, 2018: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350996/conduct-disorders-and-neighborhood-effects
#12
Wesley G Jennings, Nicholas M Perez, Jennifer M Reingle Gonzalez
There has been a considerable amount of scholarly attention to the relationship between neighborhood effects and conduct disorder, particularly in recent years. Having said this, it has been nearly two decades since a comprehensive synthesis of this literature has been conducted. Relying on a detailed and comprehensive search strategy and inclusion criteria, this article offers a systematic and interdisciplinary review of 47 empirical studies that have examined neighborhood effects and conduct disorder. Described results suggest that there are generally robust linkages between adverse neighborhood factors and conduct disorder and externalizing behavior problems, as 67 of the 93 (72...
January 19, 2018: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350754/neurocognitive-differences-between-inpatients-and-outpatients-with-symptomatically-nonremitted-schizophrenia-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Yusuke Kurebayashi, Junichi Otaki
PURPOSE: We aimed to examine whether neurocognition in individuals with nonremitted schizophrenia differed between inpatients and outpatients. DESIGN AND METHODS: We recruited 59 inpatients and 41 patients with nonremitted schizophrenia (assessed with the Andreason criteria), and neurocognitive functions were compared between both, controlling for demographics, psychiatric symptoms. FINDINGS: Outpatients with nonremitted schizophrenia performed better on tests of processing speed, visual attention, and working memory than did inpatients with nonremitted...
January 19, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350746/positive-view-and-increased-likely-uptake-of-follow-up-testing-with-analysis-of-cell-free-fetal-dna-as-alternative-to-invasive-testing-among-danish-pregnant-women
#14
Caroline Borregaard Miltoft, Line Rode, Ann Tabor
INTRODUCTION: To investigate the attitude (view, likely uptake and preferred strategy) towards cell-free fetal DNA (cfDNA) testing among pregnant women before a first trimester risk assessment for trisomy 21 (unselected women) and after obtaining a high risk. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Unselected and high-risk women attending first trimester screening (Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital) were invited to fill out the questionnaire "Antenatal testing for Down's syndrome" as an online survey...
January 19, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350741/hybrid-nanowires-and-nanoparticles-of-wo3-in-a-carbon-aerogel-for-supercapacitor-applications
#15
Xudong Liu, Guangmin Sheng, Minglong Zhong, Xiuwen Zhou
In the field of electrochemical energy storage, incorporation of metal oxides into porous carbon has attracted significant attention. Since each advantage of nanoparticles and nanowires of metal oxide has been distinguished for supercapacitor applications, a combination of the advantages of both structures together can meet a capacitive synergy. In this study, WO3 nanowires and nanoparticles were first incorporated into a carbon aerogel (CA) simultaneously via a facile and one-pot route. A comparative study on the capacitive properties of this novel hybrid structure and single nanoparticles in CA was conducted...
January 19, 2018: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350706/symptom-burden-and-self-advocacy-exploring-the-relationship-among-female-cancer-survivors%C3%A2
#16
Teresa L Hagan, Stephanie Gilbertson-White, Susan M Cohen, Jennifer S Temel, Joseph A Greer, Heidi S Donovan
BACKGROUND: Although patient self-advocacy is a critical component of patient-centered care, the association between symptom burden and self-
advocacy has received little attention. 
. OBJECTIVES: This analysis evaluates the degree to which self-advocacy is associated with symptom burden among women with a history of cancer. 
. METHODS: Participants completed online or paper questionnaires. Descriptive statistics and ordinary least squares regression models were used to analyze the association between the three dimensions of self-advocacy and two dimensions of symptom burden...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350673/glyphosate-ingestion-causing-multiple-organ-failure-a-near-fatal-case-report
#17
Edoardo Picetti, Michela Generali, Francesca Mensi, Giampaolo Neri, Roberta Damia, Giuseppe Lippi, Gianfranco Cervellin
A 55 years old man self-presented to our Emergency Department (ED) reporting an attempted suicide by cutting the left forearm veins and ingesting approximately 200 mL of an herbicide (Myrtos®, containing 36% of glyphosate as isopropylamine salt). Laboratory tests showed metabolic acidosis. Hydration with normal saline and alkalinization with sodium bicarbonate was started according to suggestion of the poison control center, since an antidote was unavailable. Cardiorespiratory condition gradually worsened, so that non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) was applied and infusion of fluids was established...
January 16, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350672/rebounds-after-discharge-from-the-emergency-department-for-community-acquired-pneumonia-focus-on-the-usefulness-of-severity-scoring-systems
#18
Rodolfo Ferrari, Pierluigi Viale, Paolo Muratori, Fabrizio Giostra, Daniela Agostinelli, Roberto Lazzari, Riccardo Voza, Mario Cavazza
BACKGROUND: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is common cause of hospital admission and leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Severity scoring systems are used to predict risk profile, outcome and mortality, and to help decisions about management strategies. Aim of the work and Methods: To critically analyze pneumonia "rebound" cases, once discharged from the emergency department (ED) and afterwards admitted. We conducted an observational clinical study in the acute setting of a university teaching hospital, prospectively analyzing, in a 1 year period, demographic, medical, clinical and laboratory data, and the outcome...
January 16, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350655/brass-score-a-pro-active-method-of-management-for-complex-discharge
#19
Valentina Cammilletti, Fortunata Forino, Marina Palombi, Daniele Donati, Daniela Tartaglini, Marco Di Muzio
AIMS: A highly functional continuity of patient care, which is linked to the reduction of the risk of long-term hospitalization, above all for 'at-risk' patients. Research into an objective, reliable instrument for redirecting individual results to organizational aims to extend the entire country, is a fundamental step to move from a reactive assistance approach to a pro-active one. METHODS: An observational and descriptive retrospective study was carried out July - November 2014 in two Italian state hospitals, completing the BRASS Index within 48/72 hours of admission...
January 16, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350575/the-neural-substrates-of-improved-phonological-processing-following-successful-treatment-in-a-case-of-phonological-alexia-and-agraphia
#20
Andrew T DeMarco, Stephen M Wilson, Kindle Rising, Steven Z Rapcsak, Pélagie M Beeson
Phonological deficits are common in aphasia after left-hemisphere stroke, and can have significant functional consequences for spoken and written language. While many individuals improve through treatment, the neural substrates supporting improvements are poorly understood. We measured brain activation during pseudoword reading in an individual through two treatment phases. Improvements were associated with greater activation in residual left dorsal language regions and bilateral regions supporting attention and effort...
January 19, 2018: Neurocase
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