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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743159/chronic-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-and-neurocognitive-function-in-adult-survivors-of-childhood-cancer
#1
Adrienne Studaway, Rohit P Ojha, Tara M Brinkman, Nan Zhang, Malek Baassiri, Pia Banerjee, Matthew J Ehrhardt, Deokumar Srivastava, Leslie L Robison, Melissa M Hudson, Kevin R Krull
BACKGROUND: Cancer survivors transfused with blood products before reliable screening for hepatitis C virus (HCV) are at risk for infection. This study examined the impact of HCV on neurocognitive function and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among adult survivors of childhood cancer. METHODS: Neurocognitive testing was conducted for 836 adult survivors of childhood cancer (mean age, 35 years [standard deviation, 7.4 years]; time since diagnosis, 29 years [standard deviation, 6...
July 25, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743102/incidence-of-delirium-after-cardiac-surgery-protocol-for-the-delirium-cs-canada-cross-sectional-cohort-study
#2
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Delirium is a recognized complication of cardiac surgery and is the focus of increasing attention owing to its negative effect on postoperative outcomes. However, little is known about the actual incidence of delirium following cardiac surgery, with published rates ranging widely, from 3%-78%. We describe the protocol for the DELIRIUM-CS Canada study, which will use validated and easily implementable bedside tools to determine the incidence of postoperative delirium in a contemporary cardiac surgery population...
July 13, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743052/giving-birth-on-our-own-terms-women-s-experience-of-childbirth-at-home
#3
Maija-Riitta Jouhki, Tarja Suominen, Päivi Åstedt-Kurki
BACKGROUND: home births are quite rare and are not supported as part of mainstream health care services in most European countries. Women who choose home as the place of birth often do so because maternity services in hospitals do not offer the options that they want. The aim of the present study is to describe women's experiences of giving birth at home and to produce a comprehensive structure of meaning regarding giving birth at home. DESIGN: a phenomenological study based on analysis of open-interview transcripts using Colaizzi's approach...
July 16, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743048/the-ketogenic-diet-in-patients-with-myoclonic-status-in-non-progressive-encephalopathy
#4
Roberto Caraballo, Francesca Darra, Gabriela Reyes, Marisa Armeno, Araceli Cresta, Graciela Mestre, Bernardo Dalla Bernardina
Myoclonic status in non-progressive encephalopathy (MSNPE) is characterized by the recurrence of long-lasting atypical status epilepticus associated with attention impairment and continuous polymorphous jerks, mixed with other complex abnormal movements, in infants suffering from a non-progressive encephalopathy. The ketogenic diet (KD) has been used as an alternative to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) for patients with refractory epileptic encephalopathies. PURPOSE: In this study we assess the efficacy and tolerability of the KD in patients with MSNPE...
July 11, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742990/employment-status-gender-and-health-in-spanish-women
#5
Sara Esteban Gonzalo, Marta Aparicio, Laura Estaban-Gonzalo
The present study analyzed relationships between employment status, gender role conformity and health among adult Spanish women from a biopsychosocial approach. We first examined the potential relationship between employment status and conformity to feminine norms, second, the relationship between employment status and general and psychological health, and finally, the relationship between conformity to feminine norms and general and psychological health. Unemployed women (n = 103), employed women (n = 144) and full-time homemakers (n = 100) aged 18-70 years completed a survey, including measures of psychological health (GHQ-12), general health (self-rated health) and conformity to feminine norms (CFNI)...
July 25, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742874/the-relationship-between-early-and-late-event-related-potentials-and-temperament-in-adolescents-with-and-without-adhd
#6
Brittany R Alperin, Hanna Gustafsson, Christiana Smith, Sarah L Karalunas
Differences in emotional processing are prevalent in adolescents with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and are related to clinical impairment, but substantial heterogeneity exists. Within ADHD, some individuals experience difficulty with positive/approach emotions, negative/withdrawal emotions, or both. These problems may reflect differences in emotional reactivity, emotion regulation, or a combination, and the neurophysiological correlates remain unclear. Event-related potentials were collected from 109 adolescents (49 with ADHD) while they completed an emotional go/no-go task with three conditions: happy (positive/approach), fear (negative/withdrawal), and neutral...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742873/orienting-towards-social-features-in-naturalistic-scenes-is-reflexive
#7
Lara Rösler, Albert End, Matthias Gamer
Saliency-based models of visual attention postulate that, when a scene is freely viewed, attention is predominantly allocated to those elements that stand out in terms of their physical properties. However, eye-tracking studies have shown that saliency models fail to predict gaze behavior accurately when social information is included in an image. Notably, gaze pattern analyses revealed that depictions of human beings are heavily prioritized independent of their low-level physical saliency. What remains unknown, however, is whether the prioritization of such social features is a reflexive or a voluntary process...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742777/lack-of-association-between-the-use-of-nerve-blockade-and-the-risk-of-persistent-opioid-use-among-patients-undergoing-shoulder-arthroplasty-evidence-from-the-marketscan-database
#8
Kathryn G Mueller, Stavros G Memtsoudis, Edward R Mariano, Laurence C Baker, Sean Mackey, Eric C Sun
BACKGROUND: Persistent opioid use following surgery has received increasing attention from policymakers, researchers, and clinicians. Perioperative nerve blockade has been hypothesized to decrease the risk of persistent opioid use. We examined whether nerve blockade was associated with a decreased risk of persistent opioid use among patients undergoing shoulder arthroplasty, a procedure with high rates of persistent postoperative pain. METHODS: Using health care claims data, we constructed a sample of 6695 patients undergoing shoulder arthroplasty between 2002 and 2012 and used billing data to identify the utilization of nerve blockade...
July 21, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742742/practical-applications-of-physical-activity-for-successful-cognitive-aging
#9
Kelly Conner, Cameron Young Sweeney, Tayla Brown, Lauren Childs, Samantha Rogers, Tanya Gregory
As patients lose cognitive function, they lose autonomy and increasingly use fiscal, social, and medical resources. Healthcare costs for Americans older than age 65 years are three to five times higher than for the remaining population, and dementia is the third most costly disease in the United States. Interventions that promote successful aging can help patients and reduce the financial, workforce, and treatment resource burdens on the population. Because a relationship between physical activity, particularly aerobic exercise, and cognitive decline has been established, physical activity interventions may prove practical, affordable, and effective...
August 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742722/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-functional-defecation-disorders-in-children
#10
Sophie Kuizenga-Wessel, Ilan J N Koppen, Mana H Vriesman, Carlo Di Lorenzo, Marieke van Dijk, Maureen L R Beelen, Michael Groeneweg, Reino J Stoffelsen, Marc A Benninga
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children presenting with functional defecation disorders (FDDs) and to assess the prevalence of FDDs in children with ADHD. METHODS: A cross-sectional cohort study was carried out between September 2014 and May 2016. Group 1: Parents of children with FDDs according to the Rome III criteria completed the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and the VvGK (Dutch questionnaire based on the American Disruptive Behavior Disorder rating scale)...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742607/pitch-counts-in-youth-baseball-and-softball-a-historical-review
#11
Brian T Feeley, Jessica Schisel, Julie Agel
OBJECTIVE: Pitching injuries are getting increased attention in the mass media. Many references are made to pitch counts and the role they play in injury prevention. The original purpose of regulating the pitch count in youth baseball was to reduce injury and fatigue to pitchers. This article reviews the history and development of the pitch count limit in baseball, the effect it has had on injury, and the evidence regarding injury rates on softball windmill pitching. DATA SOURCE: Literature search through PubMed, mass media, and organizational Web sites through June 2015...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742603/strengths-limitations-and-geographical-discrepancies-in-the-eligibility-criteria-for-sport-participation-in-young-patients-with-congenital-heart-disease
#12
Massimiliano Cantinotti, Raffaele Giordano, Nadia Assanta, Bruno Murzi, Manuel Melo, Eliana Franchi, Maura Crocetti, Giorgio Iervasi, Shelby Kutty
OBJECTIVE: Benefits of physical activity has been shown in children with congenital heart disease (CHD). In several forms of CHD, the risk of sudden death remains a major concern both for parents and clinicians, who in turn will have to consider the risk-benefit ratio of sport participation versus restriction. DATA SOURCE: A literature search was performed within the National Library of Medicine using the keywords: Sport, CHD, and Eligibility. The search was further refined by adding the keywords: Children, Adult, and Criteria...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742491/the-canary-in-the-coalmine-bee-declines-as-an-indicator-of-environmental-health
#13
Dave Goulson, Elizabeth Nicholls
Bee declines have received much attention of late, but there is considerable debate and confusion as to the extent, significance and causes of declines. In part, this reflects conflation of data for domestic honeybees, numbers of which are largely driven by economic factors, with those for wild bees, many of which have undergone marked range contractions but for the majority of which we have no good data on population size. There is no doubt that bees are subject to numerous pressures in the modern world. The abundance and diversity of flowers has declined along with availability of suitable nest sites, bees are chronically exposed to cocktails of agrochemicals, and they are simultaneously exposed to novel parasites and pathogens accidentally spread by humans...
September 1, 2016: Science Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742478/toxicological-and-analytical-assessment-of-e-cigarette-refill-components-on-airway-epithelia
#14
Jasjot Singh, Emilie Luquet, David P T Smith, Herman J Potgieter, Patricia Ragazzon
There are over 2.6 million users of e-cigarettes in the United Kingdom alone as they have been promoted as a safer alternative to traditional cigarettes. The addition of flavours and aromas has also proven to be popular with younger generations. In this review, we survey the range of studies in the short timeframe since e-cigarettes reached the market to draw attention to the health associated risks and benefits of their introduction. We complement this review with a case study reporting on the composition of selected e-cigarette refills with particular emphasis on the toxicological activity of its components on lung cells...
December 1, 2016: Science Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742452/-the-third-sex-is-here-to-stay-rhetorical-reconstructions-of-lesbian-sexuality-in-vice-versa
#15
Kate Litterer
Vice Versa, published in Los Angeles from 1947-1948 and regarded as the first lesbian periodical in the United States, was authored and edited by Lisa Ben (anagram for "lesbian"). While Vice Versa is lauded for inspiring later lesbian publications, little scholarship has analyzed the magazine's contents. Queer rhetorical analysis allows me to demonstrate the integral role Vice Versa played in counteracting cultural and medical classifications of lesbians during the 1940s. Through an analysis of Vice Versa's book and movie reviews, an editorial, and creative writing, this article analyzes the way Ben uses queer rhetoric to turn narratives of medical and psychological deviancy and inferiority into a means for empowerment and community building...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742446/sleep-and-pain-in-mid-to-late-life-an-exploration-of-day-to-day-pain-inconsistency
#16
Scott G Ravyts, Joseph M Dzierzewski, Stephanie C Grah, Matthew P Buman, Adrienne T Aiken-Morgan, Peter R Giacobb, Beverly L Roberts, Michael Marsiske, Christina S McCrae
OBJECTIVES: This study examined how different quantifications of pain (average vs. day-to-day inconsistency) are related to sleep in older adults beyond known predictors. METHODS: Baseline measures from the Active Adult Mentoring Project were used for secondary analyses. Participants included 82 adults in mid- to late-life. Depression was assessed with the BDI-II. Pain intensity was assessed over seven days on a 11-point Likert-scale, while sleep efficiency (SE), total sleep time (TST), and total wake time (TWT) were assessed using a self-report diary...
June 28, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742426/educating-students-for-a-lifetime-of-physical-activity-enhancing-mindfulness-motivation-and-meaning
#17
Catherine D Ennis
For many years, pedagogical scholars and physical education (PE) teachers have worked to enhance effective teaching and learning environments. Yet for some children, youth, and young adults, many of the benefits associated with a physically active lifestyle remain elusive. Enhancing programming and performance to meet physical activity goals may require moving programs beyond "effective." It will require teachers and program leaders to focus programmatic attention on strategies to actually increase students' out-of-class physical activity behavior...
July 25, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742399/nutrition-and-cancer-an-historical-perspective-the-past-present-and-future-of-nutrition-and-cancer-part-2-misunderstanding-and-ignoring-nutrition
#18
T Colin Campbell
The role that nutrition plays in cancer development and treatment has received considerable attention in recent decades, but it still engenders considerable controversy. Within the cancer research and especially the clinical community, for example, nutritional factors are considered to play, at best, a secondary role. The role of nutrition in cancer development was noted by authorities as far back as the early 1800s, generally under the theory that cancer is "constitutional" in its origin, implying a complex, multifactorial, multistage etiology...
July 25, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742359/pressure-induced-structural-and-optical-properties-of-inorganic-halide-perovskite-cspbbr3
#19
Long Zhang, Qingxin Zeng, Kai Wang
Perovskite photovoltaic materials are gaining sustained attention because of their excellent photovoltaic properties and extensive practical applicability. In this letter, we discussed the changes in the structure and optical properties of CsPbBr3 under high pressure. As the pressure increases, the band gap initially begun to redshift before 1.0 GPa followed by continuous blue shift until the crystal was completely amorphized. An isostructural phase transition at 1.2 GPa was determined by high-pressure synchrotron X-ray and Raman spectroscopy...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742234/xylella-fastidiosa-an-examination-of-a-re-emerging-plant-pathogen
#20
Jeannette Rapicavoli, Brian Ingel, Barbara Blanco-Ulate, Dario Cantu, Caroline Roper
Xylella fastidiosa is a Gram-negative bacterial plant pathogen with an extremely wide host range. This species has recently been resolved into subspecies that correlate with host specificity. This review focuses on the status of X. fastidiosa pathogenic associations in plant hosts where the bacterium is either endemic or recently introduced. Plant diseases associated with X. fastidiosa have been documented for over a century and much about what we know in the context of host-pathogen interactions is based on these hosts, such as grape and citrus, where this pathogen has been well described...
July 25, 2017: Molecular Plant Pathology
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