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vulva cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920893/antibody-drug-conjugates-and-other-nanomedicines-the-frontier-of-gynaecological-cancer-treatment
#1
REVIEW
David Howard, Jetzabel Garcia-Parra, Gareth D Healey, Cynthia Amakiri, Lavinia Margarit, Lewis W Francis, Deyarina Gonzalez, R Steven Conlan
Gynaecological cancers: malignancies of the cervix, uterus, ovaries, vagina and vulva, are responsible for over 1.1 million new cancer cases and almost half a million deaths annually. Ovarian cancer in particular is difficult to treat due to often being diagnosed at a late stage, and the incidence of uterine and vulvar malignancies are both on the rise. The field of nanomedicine is beginning to introduce drugs into the clinic for oncological applications exemplified by the liposomal drugs, Doxil and Myocet, the nanoparticle, Abraxane and antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs), Kadcyla and Adcetris...
December 6, 2016: Interface Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896230/evaluation-of-symptoms-and-prevention-of-cancer-in-menopause-the-value-of-vulvar-exam
#2
A R Palumbo, C Fasolino, G Santoro, V Gargano, M Rinaldi, B Arduino, M Belli, M Guida
Vulvar and vaginal atrophy (VVA), is a chronic medical condition experienced by postmenopausal women, with prevalence estimated ranging from 10% to 50% [1]. VVA is characterized by a constellation of symptoms, that may affect daily activities, sexuality, relationships, and quality of life [3]. Early recognition and effective treatment of VVA may enhance sexual health and the quality of life of women and their partners. Some vulvar conditions such as lichen sclerosus are more prevalent in the postmenopausal years...
November 2016: Translational Medicine @ UniSa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870714/robotic-assisted-video-endoscopic-inguinal-lymphadenectomy-in-carcinoma-vulva-our-experiences-and-intermediate-results
#3
Vandana Jain, Rupinder Sekhon, Shveta Giri, Nahida Hassan, Kanika Batra, Swati H Shah, Sudhir Rawal
OBJECTIVES: To describe the technique of robotic-assisted video endoscopic inguinal lymphadenectomy (R-VEIL) in patients with carcinoma vulva and discuss the advantages of the technique and oncological outcome. METHODS: Twelve patients of squamous cell cancer of vulva underwent 22 R-VEIL procedures from February 2011 to February 2015. Their preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative data were retrospectively analysed. RESULTS: The mean age of patients was 61 years (range, 32-78 years)...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864489/protecting-women-against-human-papillomavirus-benefits-barriers-and-evidence-based-strategies-to-increase-vaccine-uptake
#4
Tamera Coyne-Beasley, Bridget E Hochwalt
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection significantly impacts women, as it can cause cancers and precancers of the cervix, vulva, vagina, oropharynx, and anus. However, many of these cancers can be prevented by HPV vaccination. Despite evidence of vaccine effectiveness and safety, vaccination rates remain low. Evidence-based strategies should be utilized to reduce barriers and increase vaccination rates.
November 2016: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835588/expressions-of-mir-30c-and-let-7a-are-inversely-correlated-with-hmga2-expression-in-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-vulva
#5
Antonio Agostini, Marta Brunetti, Ben Davidson, Claes G Trope, Sverre Heim, Ioannis Panagopoulos, Francesca Micci
Malignant tumors of the vulva, most of them squamous cell carcinomas, account for only 5% of cancers of the female genital tract. Though little is known about the genetic features of these tumors, the Fragile Histidine Triad (FHIT) and High Mobility Group AT-hook 2 (HMGA2) genes were found deregulated. We wanted to gain more knowledge about the expression of HMGA2-related miRNAs such as miR-30c and let-7a, and whether a correlation exists between the expression of FHIT and HMGA2, in this tumor type. An inverse correlation was found in-as-much as HMGA2 was highly expressed (mean fold change 8...
November 7, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832810/eccrine-porocarcinoma-of-the-vulva-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Ayako Fujimine-Sato, Masafumi Toyoshima, Shogo Shigeta, Asami Toki, Takashi Kuno, Izumi Sato, Mika Watanabe, Hitoshi Niikura, Nobuo Yaegashi
BACKGROUND: Malignant tumors arising from the vulva account for only 0.6 % of all cancers in female patients. The predominant histologic type, representing about 90 % of these malignancies, is squamous cell carcinoma. Eccrine porocarcinoma is a rare malignant tumor arising from sweat glands. The incidence of eccrine porocarcinoma is estimated at 0.005-0.01 % of all cutaneous tumors. To the best of our knowledge, only seven previous cases of vulvar eccrine porocarcinoma have been reported in the English-language literature...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830172/an-unusual-case-of-basal-cell-carcinoma-of-the-vulva-with-lung-metastases
#7
G A Watson, D Kelly, L Prior, E Stanley, O MacEneaney, T Walsh, C M Kelly
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common non-melanomatous skin cancer, typically arising in sun-exposed areas such as the head and neck. Defective signaling through the Hedgehog (HH) signaling pathway forms the molecular basis for BCC. Surgery remains the mainstay of treatment. Basal cell carcinoma of the genital tract is rare as is metastatic BCC. We report a case of metastatic BCC in a young woman with previously resected vulval BCC presenting six years later with inguinal nodal recurrence and multiple lung metastases...
November 2016: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822089/danish-gynecological-cancer-database
#8
REVIEW
Sarah Mejer Sørensen, Signe Frahm Bjørn, Kirsten Marie Jochumsen, Pernille Tine Jensen, Ingrid Regitze Thranov, Helle Hare-Bruun, Lene Seibæk, Claus Høgdall
AIM OF DATABASE: The Danish Gynecological Cancer Database (DGCD) is a nationwide clinical cancer database and its aim is to monitor the treatment quality of Danish gynecological cancer patients, and to generate data for scientific purposes. DGCD also records detailed data on the diagnostic measures for gynecological cancer. STUDY POPULATION: DGCD was initiated January 1, 2005, and includes all patients treated at Danish hospitals for cancer of the ovaries, peritoneum, fallopian tubes, cervix, vulva, vagina, and uterus, including rare histological types...
2016: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754990/topical-benzocaine-and-methemoglobinemia
#9
Michelle A Hieger, Jamiee L Afeld, Kirk L Cumpston, Brandon K Wills
Methemoglobinemia can cause life-threatening hypoxia associated with cyanosis and dyspnea not responsive to oxygen. We present a case of recurrent methemoglobinemia because of occult use of topical benzocaine to the vulva. A 47-year-old female with medical history of vulvar cancer and HIV undergoing chemoradiation was sent by the oncology clinic to the emergency department for worsening dyspnea, fatigue, hypoxia to 78% on room air, and gradual onset of cyanosis over the past week. A methemoglobin (MetHb) level was 49%...
October 12, 2016: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672676/metastatic-papillary-serous-uterine-cancer-presenting-as-a-rash
#10
Eric S Chang, William D Baker, Charles N Landen
BACKGROUND: We report diagnosis and management of stage IV papillary serous uterine cancer with initial clinical presentation as a skin rash. CASE: A 62-year-old postmenopausal female developed an erythematous rash beginning on her right lower abdomen and progressively spreading to her left abdomen, vulva, and neck. After a trial of antibiotic treatment, biopsy of left neck and right thigh skin nodules revealed papillary serous carcinoma. Abdominopelvic tomography revealed endometrial thickening and a 5 cm left adnexal mass...
November 2016: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672265/human-papillomavirus-and-gastrointestinal-cancer-a-review
#11
REVIEW
Dania Bucchi, Fabrizio Stracci, Nicola Buonora, Giuseppe Masanotti
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections worldwide. Exposure to HPV is very common, and an estimated 65%-100% of sexually active adults are exposed to HPV in their lifetime. The majority of HPV infections are asymptomatic, but there is a 10% chance that individuals will develop a persistent infection and have an increased risk of developing a carcinoma. The International Agency for Research on Cancer has found that the following cancer sites have a strong causal relationship with HPV: cervix uteri, penis, vulva, vagina, anus and oropharynx, including the base of the tongue and the tonsils...
September 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661656/committee-opinion-no-675-management-of-vulvar-intraepithelial-neoplasia
#12
(no author information available yet)
Vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN) is an increasingly common problem, particularly among women in their 40s. Although spontaneous regression has been reported, VIN should be considered a premalignant condition. Immunization with the quadrivalent or 9-valent human papillomavirus vaccine, which is effective against human papillomavirus genotypes 6, 11, 16, and 18, and 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58, respectively, has been shown to decrease the risk of vulvar high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) (VIN usual type) and should be recommended for girls aged 11-12 years with catch-up through age 26 years if not vaccinated in the target age...
October 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661648/committee-opinion-no-675-summary-management-of-vulvar-intraepithelial-neoplasia
#13
(no author information available yet)
Vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN) is an increasingly common problem, particularly among women in their 40s. Although spontaneous regression has been reported, VIN should be considered a premalignant condition. Immunization with the quadrivalent or 9-valent human papillomavirus vaccine, which is effective against human papillomavirus genotypes 6, 11, 16, and 18, and 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58, respectively, has been shown to decrease the risk of vulvar high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) (VIN usual type) and should be recommended for girls aged 11-12 years with catch-up through age 26 years if not vaccinated in the target age...
October 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642483/surgical-management-for-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-vulva
#14
Ayi Kossigan Amavi, Laurent Kouadio, Komlan Adabra, Kodjo Tengue, Fouad Tijami, Abdelouahed Jalil
To analyze our surgical management and the result of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of vulva. Retrospectively, we collected 38 cases of SCC; 17 cases of them were early SCC and 21 cases were locally advanced. The patients underwent primary surgery. The survival was estimated using Kaplan-Meier analysis and the log rank test. The mean age was 60.78 years. Total vulvectomy was performed in all patients. Superficial and deep incision of bilateral inguinal lymphadenectomy was performed by separates incisions for SCC infiltrating more than 1mm...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600594/searching-beyond-the-usual-papillomavirus-suspects-in-squamous-carcinomas-of-the-vulva-penis-and-head-and-neck
#15
Marta Félez-Sánchez, Marleny Vergara, Silvia de Sanjosé, Xavier Castellsagué, Laia Alemany, Ignacio G Bravo
Human Papillomaviruses (HPVs) are involved in the etiology of anogenital and head and neck cancers. The HPV DNA prevalence greatly differs by anatomical site. Indeed, the high rates of viral DNA prevalence in anal and cervical carcinomas contrast with the lower fraction of cancer cases attributable to HPVs in other anatomical sites, chiefly the vulva, the penis and head and neck. Here we analyzed 2635 Formalin Fixed Paraffin Embedded surgical samples that had previously tested negative for the presence of HPVs DNA using the SPF10/DEIA procedure, in order to identify the presence of other PVs not explicitly targeted by standard molecular epidemiologic approaches...
September 4, 2016: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27584027/radiotherapy-approaches-for-locally-advanced-penile-cancer-neoadjuvant-and-adjuvant
#16
Juanita Crook
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: As penile cancer is an uncommon malignancy in the Western society, randomized trials to address the controversies in management have not previously been undertaken. The incorporation of multidisciplinary approaches in the management of advanced penile carcinoma has largely borrowed evidence from analogous malignancies in the anogenital region. This review is being undertaken in preparation for the international launch of InPACT, the International Penile Advanced Cancer Trial, a collaborative effort from European and North American trialists...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575631/treatment-of-inoperable-vulvar-cancer-where-we-come-from-and-where-are-we-going
#17
Pedro Martinez-Castro, Andrés Poveda, José Luis Guinot, Lucas Minig
Vulvar cancer is a rare disease affecting elderly women that is commonly treated with surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy. When tumors compromise the urethra and the anus, or when it is in the groin lymph nodes, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, or both are necessary after surgery.The treatment of locally advanced vulvar cancer has suffered significant changes though the recent decades. So far, the best sequence of treatment is not known: surgery, chemotherapy, or radiotherapy. The radical surgeries usually need a long recovery term both in the region of the vulva and in the area of the groin lymph nodes...
August 29, 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27550406/surgical-therapy-of-vulvar-cancer-how-to-choose-the-correct-reconstruction
#18
Stefano Gentileschi, Maria Servillo, Giorgia Garganese, Simona Fragomeni, Francesca De Bonis, Giovanni Scambia, Marzia Salgarello
OBJECTIVE: To create a comprehensive algorithmic approach to reconstruction after vulvar cancer ablative surgery, which includes both traditional and perforator flaps, evaluating anatomical subunits and shape of the defect. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 80 cases of reconstruction after vulvar cancer ablative surgery, performed between June 2006 and January 2016, transferring 101 flaps. We registered the possibility to achieve the complete wound closure, even in presence of very complex defects, and the postoperative complications...
November 2016: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27523740/immunogenicity-of-next-generation-hpv-vaccines-in-non-human-primates-measles-vectored-hpv-vaccine-versus-pichia-pastoris-recombinant-protein-vaccine
#19
Gaurav Gupta, Viviana Giannino, Narayan Rishi, Reinhard Glueck
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the most common sexually transmitted disease worldwide. HPVs are oncogenic small double-stranded DNA viruses that are the primary causal agent of cervical cancer and other types of cancers, including in the anus, oropharynx, vagina, vulva, and penis. Prophylactic vaccination against HPV is an attractive strategy for preventing cervical cancer and some other types of cancers. However, there are few safe and effective vaccines against HPV infections. Current first-generation commercial HPV vaccines are expensive to produce and deliver...
September 7, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27522713/-melanoma-and-human-papillomaviruses-is-there-an-outlook-for-study
#20
REVIEW
G M Volgareva, I N Mikhaylova, D A Golovina
Melanoma is one of the most aggressive human malignant tumors. Its incidence and mortality are growing steadily. Ultraviolet irradiation is the main risk factor for melanoma involved in melanomagenesis. The probability of viral etiology of melanoma has been discussed. Human papillomaviruses (HPV) have been mentioned among candidates for its etiologic agents because some HPV types are the powerful carcinogens causing cervical cancer and other cancers. The review analyses the literature data on the association of melanoma with HPV Several groupsfound HPVin skin melanomas as well as in mucosa; viruses of high oncogenic risk were detected in some cases...
2016: Vestnik Rossiĭskoĭ Akademii Meditsinskikh Nauk
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