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Assistive augmentative communication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751828/augmentative-and-alternative-communication-in-children-with-down-s-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#1
Renata Thaís de Almeida Barbosa, Acary Souza Bulle de Oliveira, Jennifer Yohanna Ferreira de Lima Antão, Tânia Brusque Crocetta, Regiani Guarnieri, Thaiany Pedrozo Campos Antunes, Claudia Arab, Thaís Massetti, Italla Maria Pinheiro Bezerra, Carlos Bandeira de Mello Monteiro, Luiz Carlos de Abreu
BACKGROUND: The use of technology to assist in the communication, socialization, language, and motor skills of children with Down's syndrome (DS) is required. The aim of this study was to analyse research findings regarding the different instruments of 'augmentative and alternative communication' used in children with Down's syndrome. METHODS: This is a systematic review of published articles available on PubMed, Web of Science, PsycInfo, and BVS using the following descriptors: assistive technology AND syndrome, assistive technology AND down syndrome, down syndrome AND augmentative and alternative communication...
May 11, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702365/aac-services-for-multilingual-populations-south-african-service-provider-perspectives
#2
Kerstin M Tönsing, Karin van Niekerk, Georg I Schlünz, Ilana Wilken
BACKGROUND: In South Africa, many persons in need of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) come from multilingual backgrounds. There is as yet a limited evidence base (locally and internationally) for the provision of AAC services to multilingual populations. The perspectives of service providers can assist in gaining an understanding of current practices and the factors that influence these. AIMS: The study aimed to obtain the perspectives of AAC service providers about practices in providing AAC systems and AAC intervention to clients from multilingual backgrounds...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686827/projection-mapping-user-interface-for-disabled-people
#3
Julius Gelšvartas, Rimvydas Simutis, Rytis Maskeliūnas
Difficulty in communicating is one of the key challenges for people suffering from severe motor and speech disabilities. Often such person can communicate and interact with the environment only using assistive technologies. This paper presents a multifunctional user interface designed to improve communication efficiency and person independence. The main component of this interface is a projection mapping technique used to highlight objects in the environment. Projection mapping makes it possible to create a natural augmented reality information presentation method...
2018: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667528/speech-and-language-therapists-views-about-aac-system-acceptance-by-people-with-acquired-communication-disorders
#4
Eliada Pampoulou
OBJECTIVE: Some adults with acquired communication disorders are faced with an inability to communicate coherently through verbal speech with their communication partners. Despite the fact that a variety of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) aided systems is available to assist them in communicating, not all adults accept them. In Cyprus, there is scant research focusing on the factors that are linked to AAC system acceptance and abandonment. METHODS: To address this gap, this research involves exploring the experiences of six speech and language therapists supporting adults with acquired communication disorders, who could benefit from the use of AAC systems...
April 18, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534154/artificial-limb-representation-in-amputees
#5
Fiona M Z van den Heiligenberg, Tanya Orlov, Scott N Macdonald, Eugene P Duff, David Henderson Slater, Christian F Beckmann, Heidi Johansen-Berg, Jody C Culham, Tamar R Makin
The human brain contains multiple hand-selective areas, in both the sensorimotor and visual systems. Could our brain repurpose neural resources, originally developed for supporting hand function, to represent and control artificial limbs? We studied individuals with congenital or acquired hand-loss (hereafter one-handers) using functional MRI. We show that the more one-handers use an artificial limb (prosthesis) in their everyday life, the stronger visual hand-selective areas in the lateral occipitotemporal cortex respond to prosthesis images...
March 9, 2018: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467051/primary-care-medical-practices-are-community-health-care-providers-ready-for-disasters
#6
Rachel M Peters, Thomas J Hipper, Esther D Chernak
OBJECTIVE: This study seeks to determine the capacity of community primary care practices to meet the needs of patients during public health emergencies and to identify the barriers and resources necessary to participate in a coordinated response with public safety agencies. METHODS: The self-administered web-based survey was distributed in January 2014 via e-mail to primary care providers in Pennsylvania using the listservs of several professional societies. RESULTS: A total of 179 primary care providers participated in the survey...
February 22, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404850/mabal-a-novel-deep-learning-architecture-for-machine-assisted-bone-age-labeling
#7
Simukayi Mutasa, Peter D Chang, Carrie Ruzal-Shapiro, Rama Ayyala
Bone age assessment (BAA) is a commonly performed diagnostic study in pediatric radiology to assess skeletal maturity. The most commonly utilized method for assessment of BAA is the Greulich and Pyle method (Pediatr Radiol 46.9:1269-1274, 2016; Arch Dis Child 81.2:172-173, 1999) atlas. The evaluation of BAA can be a tedious and time-consuming process for the radiologist. As such, several computer-assisted detection/diagnosis (CAD) methods have been proposed for automation of BAA. Classical CAD tools have traditionally relied on hard-coded algorithmic features for BAA which suffer from a variety of drawbacks...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404704/a-visual-decision-support-tool-for-appendectomy-care
#8
Edward Clarkson, Jason Zutty, Mehul V Raval
Appendectomy is the most common abdominal surgical procedure performed in children in the United States. In order to assist care providers in creating treatment plans for the postoperative management of pediatric appendicitis, we have developed a predictive statistical model of outcomes on which we have built a prototype decision aid application. The model, trained on 3724 anonymized care records and evaluated on a separate set of 2205 cases from a tertiary care center, achieves 97.0% specificity, 25.1% true sensitivity, and 58...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241371/capitalizing-on-technology-for-developing-communication-skills-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-single-case-study
#9
Veena Mohan, Suja Kurian Kunnath, Vineetha Sara Philip, Lakshmi Santha Mohan, Neethu Thampi
PURPOSE: In this case study, we discuss the application of a patient-centred clinical approach that led to the use of an assisted communication platform to combat severe communicative deficit in a child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS: Initial assessment at four years of age revealed that the patient had rudimentary communication skills, with significant sensory integration dysfunction manifested as oral, olfactory, and tactile seeking behaviours; self-stimulatory behaviour; and complete dependence on caregiver for activities of daily living...
December 15, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060667/tonguetospeech-tts-wearable-wireless-assistive-device-for-augmented-speech
#10
Nicholas Marjanovic, Giacomo Piccinini, Kevin Kerr, Hananeh Esmailbeigi
Speech is an important aspect of human communication; individuals with speech impairment are unable to communicate vocally in real time. Our team has developed the TongueToSpeech (TTS) device with the goal of augmenting speech communication for the vocally impaired. The proposed device is a wearable wireless assistive device that incorporates a capacitive touch keyboard interface embedded inside a discrete retainer. This device connects to a computer, tablet or a smartphone via Bluetooth connection. The developed TTS application converts text typed by the tongue into audible speech...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949264/development-and-evaluation-of-a-mobile-aac-a-virtual-therapist-and-speech-assistant-for-people-with-communication-disabilities
#11
Erh-Hsuan Wang, Leming Zhou, Szu-Han Kay Chen, Katya Hill, Bambang Parmanto
PURPOSE: The currently existing Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) technologies have limitations to produce the best communication rehabilitation outcomes and therefore a better solution is needed. METHOD: In this work, a mobile AAC app was developed based on results from research studies. Sophisticated AAC language programming, embedded training materials, and real-time communication performance reporting were integrated into the app. Two groups of study participants were recruited to participate a usability study and a preliminary feasibility study for the purpose of evaluating this mobile AAC app, respectively...
September 26, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935618/social-communication-coaching-smartglasses-well-tolerated-in-a-diverse-sample-of-children-and-adults-with-autism
#12
Neha U Keshav, Joseph P Salisbury, Arshya Vahabzadeh, Ned T Sahin
BACKGROUND: Augmented reality (AR) smartglasses are an emerging technology that is under investigation as a social communication aid for children and adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and as a research tool to aid with digital phenotyping. Tolerability of this wearable technology in people with ASD is an important area for research, especially as these individuals may experience sensory, cognitive, and attentional challenges. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the tolerability and usability of a novel smartglasses system that has been designed as a social communication aid for children and adults with autism (the Brain Power Autism System [BPAS])...
September 21, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873824/optimising-service-delivery-of-aac-at-devices-and-compensating-at-for-dyslexia
#13
Uta R Roentgen, Edith A V Hagedoren, Katrien D L Horions, Ruth J P Dalemans
To promote successful use of Assistive Technology (AT) supporting Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) and compensating for dyslexia, the last steps of their provision, delivery and instruction, use, maintenance and evaluation, were optimised. In co-creation with all stakeholders based on a list of requirements an integral method and tools were developed.
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855403/developmental-outcomes-of-cord-blood-transplantation-for-krabbe-disease-a-15-year-study
#14
Matthew D Wright, Michele D Poe, Anthony DeRenzo, Shilpa Haldal, Maria L Escolar
OBJECTIVE: To describe long-term outcomes of children with early-infantile Krabbe disease who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in the first 7 weeks of life. METHODS: In this prospective longitudinal study, evaluations performed at baseline and follow-up included brain imaging, neurodiagnostic tests, and neurobehavioral evaluations. RESULTS: Of the 18 patients in this study (11 girls, 7 boys; mean follow-up 9.5 years, range 4-15), 5 died (3 of peritransplant complications, 1 of a surgical complication unrelated to Krabbe disease, 1 of disease progression)...
September 26, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838833/using-gopro-to-give-video-assisted-operative-feedback-for-surgery-residents-a-feasibility-and-utility-assessment
#15
Maureen D Moore, Jonathan S Abelson, Paul O'Mahoney, Iskander Bagautdinov, Heather Yeo, Anthony C Watkins
OBJECTIVE: As an adjunct to simulation-based teaching, laparoscopic video-based surgical coaching has been an effective tool to augment surgical education. However, the wide use of video review in open surgery has been limited primarily due to technological and logistical challenges. The aims of our study were to (1) evaluate perceptions of general surgery (GS) residents on video-assisted operative instruction and (2) conduct a pilot study using a head-mounted GoPro in conjunction with the operative performance rating system to assess feasibility of providing video review to enhance operative feedback during open procedures...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798411/group-augmentation-in-realistic-visual-search-decisions-via-a-hybrid-brain-computer-interface
#16
Davide Valeriani, Caterina Cinel, Riccardo Poli
Groups have increased sensing and cognition capabilities that typically allow them to make better decisions. However, factors such as communication biases and time constraints can lead to less-than-optimal group decisions. In this study, we use a hybrid Brain-Computer Interface (hBCI) to improve the performance of groups undertaking a realistic visual-search task. Our hBCI extracts neural information from EEG signals and combines it with response times to build an estimate of the decision confidence. This is used to weigh individual responses, resulting in improved group decisions...
August 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614469/assessing-the-feasibility-of-the-healthy-life-in-suriname-study-using-advanced-hemodynamics-to-evaluate-cardiovascular-risk
#17
Jet Q Aartman, Frederieke S Diemer, Fares A Karamat, Evelien Bohte, Sergio M Baldew, Ameerani V Jarbandhan, Gert A van Montfrans, Glenn P Oehlers, Lizzy M Brewster
Objectives: To determine the feasibility of assessing population cardiovascular risk with advanced hemodynamics in the Healthy Life in Suriname (HELISUR) study. Methods: This was a preliminary study conducted in May - June 2012 using the Technical-Economic-Legal-Operational-Scheduling (TELOS) method to assess the feasibility of the HELISUR-a large-scale, cross-sectional population study of cardiovascular risk factors and disease in Suriname. Suriname, a middle-income country in South America with a population of mostly African and Asian ethnicity, has a high risk of cardiovascular disease...
June 8, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575048/effects-of-a-weight-management-program-delivered-by-social-media-on-weight-and-metabolic-syndrome-risk-factors-in-overweight-and-obese-adults-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Monica Jane, Martin Hagger, Jonathan Foster, Suleen Ho, Robert Kane, Sebely Pal
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this project was to evaluate the effectiveness of using social media to augment the delivery of, and provide support for, a weight management program delivered to overweight and obese individuals during a twenty four week intervention. METHODS: Participants randomly divided into either one of two intervention groups or a control group. The two intervention groups were instructed to follow identical weight-management program. One group received the program within a Facebook group, along with a support network with the group, and the other intervention group received the same program in a booklet...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521563/pain-management-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-in-school-settings-in-two-cultures-action-and-reaction-approaches
#19
Margareta Adolfsson, Ensa Johnson, Stefan Nilsson
BACKGROUND: Children with cerebral palsy (CP) face particular challenges, e.g. daily pain that threaten their participation in school activities. This study focuses on how teachers, personal assistants, and clinicians in two countries with different cultural prerequisites, Sweden and South Africa, manage the pain of children in school settings. METHOD: Participants' statements collected in focus groups were analysed using a directed qualitative content analysis framed by a Frequency of attendance-Intensity of involvement model, which was modified into a Knowing-Doing model...
May 18, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488902/designing-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-applications-the-results-of-focus-groups-with-speech-language-pathologists-and-parents-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Jamie B Boster, John W McCarthy
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to gain insight from speech-language pathologists (SLPs) and parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) regarding appealing features of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) applications. METHOD: Two separate 1-hour focus groups were conducted with 8 SLPs and 5 parents of children with ASD to identify appealing design features of AAC Apps, their benefits and potential concerns. Participants were shown novel interface designs for communication mode, play mode and incentive systems...
May 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
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