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Assistive augmentative communication

Kerstin M Tönsing, Shakila Dada
Although the provision of assistive technology for students with disabilities has been mandated in South African education policy documents, limited data are available on the implementation of aided augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) in classrooms. This pilot investigation used a concurrent mixed-methods survey design to determine the extent to which aided AAC was implemented to foster students' expressive communication in preschool to Grade 3 classrooms in special schools from six urban school districts in the Gauteng (the smallest, most affluent and most densely populated of the nine South African provinces), and also obtained teachers' perceptions of this process...
December 2016: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
S Ten Hoorn, P W Elbers, A R Girbes, P R Tuinman
BACKGROUND: Ventilator-dependent patients in the ICU often experience difficulties with one of the most basic human functions, namely communication, due to intubation. Although various assistive communication tools exist, these are infrequently used in ICU patients. We summarized the current evidence on communication methods with mechanically ventilated patients in the ICU. Secondly, we developed an algorithm for communication with these patients based on current evidence. METHODS: We performed a systematic review...
October 19, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Jessica Caron
BACKGROUND: Communicative interactions, despite the mode (e.g., face-to-face, online) rely on the communication skills of each individual participating. Some individuals have significant speech and language impairments and require the use of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) (i.e., signs, speech generating devices) to maximize their communication participation across a variety of on and offline contexts. Use of social media has brought about changes to communication environments, contributing new contexts for engagement...
September 27, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
Guo-Chen Sun, Xiao-Lei Chen, Yuan-Zheng Hou, Xin-Guang Yu, Xiao-Dong Ma, Gang Liu, Lei Liu, Jia-Shu Zhang, Hao Tang, Ru-Yuan Zhu, Ding-Biao Zhou, Bai-Nan Xu
OBJECTIVE Endoscopic removal of intracerebral hematomas is becoming increasingly common, but there is no standard technique. The authors explored the use of a simple image-guided endoscopic method for removal of spontaneous supratentorial hematomas. METHODS Virtual reality technology based on a hospital picture archiving and communications systems (PACS) was used in 3D hematoma visualization and surgical planning. Augmented reality based on an Android smartphone app, Sina neurosurgical assist, allowed a projection of the hematoma to be seen on the patient's scalp to facilitate selection of the best trajectory to the center of the hematoma...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
Courtney R Lyles, Andrea Altschuler, Neetu Chawla, Christine Kowalski, Deanna McQuillan, Elizabeth Bayliss, Michele Heisler, Richard W Grant
BACKGROUND: Complex patients with multiple chronic conditions often face significant challenges communicating and coordinating with their primary care physicians. These challenges are exacerbated by the limited time allotted to primary care visits. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to employ a user-centered design process to create a tablet tool for use by patients for visit discussion prioritization. METHODS: We employed user-centered design methods to create a tablet-based waiting room tool that enables complex patients to identify and set discussion topic priorities for their primary care visit...
September 14, 2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Tetsuo Maeda, Akira Yamashita, Yasuhiro Myojo, Yukihiro Wato, Hideo Inaba
PURPOSE: To investigate the impacts of emergency calls made using mobile phones on the quality of dispatcher-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation (DA-CPR) and survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCAs) that were not witnessed by emergency medical service (EMS). METHODS: In this prospective study, we collected data for 2530 DA-CPR-attempted medical emergency cases (517 using mobile phones and 2013 using landline phones) and 2980 non-EMS-witnessed OHCAs (600 using mobile phones and 2380 using landline phones)...
October 2016: Resuscitation
Francois Rameau, Hyowon Ha, Kyungdon Joo, Jinsoo Choi, Kibaek Park, In So Kweon
One of the most hazardous driving scenario is the overtaking of a slower vehicle, indeed, in this case the front vehicle (being overtaken) can occlude an important part of the field of view of the rear vehicle's driver. This lack of visibility is the most probable cause of accidents in this context. Recent research works tend to prove that augmented reality applied to assisted driving can significantly reduce the risk of accidents. In this paper, we present a real-time marker-less system to see through cars...
November 2016: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
Paulina Sockolow, Ellen J Bass, Carl L Eberle, Kathryn H Bowles
The re-hospitalization rate of homecare patients within 60 days of hospital discharge is 30%. Enhanced care planning based on better information may reduce this rate. However, very little is known about the homecare admission and care planning processes. The research team collected data during observations of three nursing visits to admit homecare patients in Camden NJ, and conducted thematic content analysis on these data. Human factors methods helped to identify nurse decision-making related to selection of the plan of care problems, non-nursing resources, and the nursing visit pattern...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Giulia Dante, Isabella Neri, Raffaele Bruno, Chiara Salvioli, Fabio Facchinetti
BACKGROUND: In many countries midwives are the primary providers of care for childbearing women. The aim of the present study was to compare the outcomes of childbirth occurring in the birth benter (midwifery-lead) vs. the traditional delivery room organization (doctor-lead) of the Policlinico of Modena Hospital. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted over four years. At 35-36th week, women with a single, uneventful pregnancy, being classified at low-risk according to The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidelines on intrapartum care, were offered to deliver with standard care assistance (SC) in a doctors-led unit or in the Birth Centre (BC)...
June 2016: Minerva Ginecologica
W Speier, C Arnold, N Pouratian
OBJECTIVE: The present review systematically examines the integration of language models to improve classifier performance in brain-computer interface (BCI) communication systems. APPROACH: The domain of natural language has been studied extensively in linguistics and has been used in the natural language processing field in applications including information extraction, machine translation, and speech recognition. While these methods have been used for years in traditional augmentative and assistive communication devices, information about the output domain has largely been ignored in BCI communication systems...
June 2016: Journal of Neural Engineering
Betts Peters, Aimee Mooney, Barry Oken, Melanie Fried-Oken
Brain-computer interface (BCI) researchers have shown increasing interest in soliciting user experience (UX) feedback, but the severe speech and physical impairments (SSPI) of potential users create barriers to effective implementation with existing feedback instruments. This article describes augmentative and alternative communication (AAC)-based techniques for obtaining feedback from this population, and presents results from administration of a modified questionnaire to 12 individuals with SSPI after trials with a BCI spelling system...
January 1, 2016: Brain Computer Interfaces
P Encarnação, T Leite, C Nunes, M Nunes da Ponte, K Adams, A Cook, A Caiado, J Pereira, G Piedade, M Ribeiro
PURPOSE: This paper describes the development and test of physical and virtual integrated augmentative manipulation and communication assistive technologies (IAMCATs) that enable children with motor and speech impairments to manipulate educational items by controlling a robot with a gripper, while communicating through a speech generating device. METHOD: Nine children with disabilities, nine regular and nine special education teachers participated in the study. Teachers adapted academic activities so they could also be performed by the children with disabilities using the IAMCAT...
April 26, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Rodolfo A Elizondo, Jason K Au, Patricio C Gargollo, Duong T Tu
A vesicocutaneous fistula is an abnormal communication from the bladder to the skin (Pritts et al, 2001). Recently, wound vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) has been used to facilitate fistula closure. There are no reports of using VAC to help fistula closure in the pediatric population. We present a case of an adolescent patient who develops a vesicocutaneous fistula after bladder augment cystoplasty and was treated with VAC only.
September 2016: Urology
Keiki Hinami, Ahmad Alkhalil, Sonam Chouksey, Jacquelin Chua, William E Trick
PURPOSE: Standardized measures of physical symptoms predict mortality and healthcare utilization, but clinicians remain uncertain about how to apply them in routine clinical care. Recognizing the tendency for physician documentations to routinely underestimate symptom burden, we assessed whether or not severity was an important dimension of symptom assessments that may determine their usefulness in clinical encounters. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study using data from audio computer-assisted self-interviews augmented by chart review of patients from a primary care clinic of an urban health system...
September 2016: Quality of Life Research
Esther Nathanson
Purpose (1) To explore the role of native voice and effects of voice loss on self-concept and identity, and survey the state of assistive voice technology; (2) to establish the moral case for developing personalized voice technology. Methods This narrative review examines published literature on the human significance of voice, the impact of voice loss on self-concept and identity, and the strengths and limitations of current voice technology. Based on the impact of voice loss on self and identity, and voice technology limitations, the moral case for personalized voice technology is developed...
February 16, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Sándor Nagy, Tamás Vértesi
In this paper, we investigate the communication cost of reproducing Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR) steering correlations arising from bipartite quantum systems. We characterize the set of bipartite quantum states which admits a local hidden state model augmented with c bits of classical communication from an untrusted party (Alice) to a trusted party (Bob). In case of one bit of information (c = 1), we show that this set has a nontrivial intersection with the sets admitting a local hidden state and a local hidden variables model for projective measurements...
2016: Scientific Reports
Alexander Woodham, Mark Billinghurst, William S Helton
OBJECTIVE: We explored the dual-task costs of climbers performing a visual communication task using a head-mounted display (HMD) while simultaneously climbing along a vertical surface. BACKGROUND: Climbing is affected by secondary auditory cognitive tasks, and climbing impairs later recall of secondary task information; the effects of visually presented tasks are less clear. Given that HMDs are projected to be adopted into emergency response work, questions are raised about the effects of HMD use during climbing or other physical tasks...
May 2016: Human Factors
Mareike Kroll, Revati K Phalkey, Frauke Kraas
BACKGROUND: The rising global burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) necessitates the institutionalization of surveillance systems to track trends and evaluate interventions. However, NCD surveillance capacities vary across high- and low- and middle-income countries. The objective of the review was to analyse existing literature with respect to structures of health facility-based NCD surveillance systems and the lessons low- and middle-income countries can learn in setting up and running these systems...
2015: BMC Public Health
Magda Tsolaki, Stelios Zygouris, Ioulietta Lazarou, Ioannis Kompatsiaris, Leontios Chatzileontiadis, Constantinos Votis, Dimitrios Tzovaras, Anastasios Karakostas, Constantina Karagkiozi, Tatianna Dimitriou, Thasyvoulos Tsiatsios, Stavros Dimitriadis, Ioannis Tarnanas, Dimitris Dranidis, Panagiotis Bamidis
Our research is implementing high quality next generation services for the Prediction, Early Diagnosis, Monitoring, and Support of patients with Cognitive Impairment (Subjective Cognitive Impairment -SCI-, Mild Cognitive Impairment -MCI-, Mild Dementia) and Education and Training for all stakeholders. Prediction, Early Diagnosis and Monitoring: The first idea was to Research and Develop a novel System using motion detection devices, depth cameras, and intelligent objects of everyday use (ranging from cooking implements such as kitchen to furniture (e...
September 2015: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
Ana Grasielle Dionísio Corrêa, Gilda Aparecida de Assis, Marilena do Nascimento, Roseli de Deus Lopes
PURPOSE: Augmented Reality musical software (GenVirtual) is a technology, which primarily allows users to develop music activities for rehabilitation. This study aimed to analyse the perceptions of health care professionals regarding the clinical utility of GenVirtual. A second objective was to identify improvements to GenVirtual software and similar technologies. METHOD: Music therapists, occupational therapists, physiotherapists and speech and language therapist who assist people with physical and cognitive disabilities were enrolled in three focus groups...
September 25, 2015: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
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