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Assistive augmentative communication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614469/assessing-the-feasibility-of-the-healthy-life-in-suriname-study-using-advanced-hemodynamics-to-evaluate-cardiovascular-risk
#1
Jet Q Aartman, Frederieke S Diemer, Fares A Karamat, Evelien Bohte, Sergio M Baldew, Ameerani V Jarbandhan, Gert A van Montfrans, Glenn P Oehlers, Lizzy M Brewster
Objectives: To determine the feasibility of assessing population cardiovascular risk with advanced hemodynamics in the Healthy Life in Suriname (HELISUR) study. Methods: This was a preliminary study conducted in May - June 2012 using the Technical-Economic-Legal-Operational-Scheduling (TELOS) method to assess the feasibility of the HELISUR-a large-scale, cross-sectional population study of cardiovascular risk factors and disease in Suriname. Suriname, a middle-income country in South America with a population of mostly African and Asian ethnicity, has a high risk of cardiovascular disease...
June 8, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575048/effects-of-a-weight-management-program-delivered-by-social-media-on-weight-and-metabolic-syndrome-risk-factors-in-overweight-and-obese-adults-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Monica Jane, Martin Hagger, Jonathan Foster, Suleen Ho, Robert Kane, Sebely Pal
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this project was to evaluate the effectiveness of using social media to augment the delivery of, and provide support for, a weight management program delivered to overweight and obese individuals during a twenty four week intervention. METHODS: Participants randomly divided into either one of two intervention groups or a control group. The two intervention groups were instructed to follow identical weight-management program. One group received the program within a Facebook group, along with a support network with the group, and the other intervention group received the same program in a booklet...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521563/pain-management-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-in-school-settings-in-two-cultures-action-and-reaction-approaches
#3
Margareta Adolfsson, Ensa Johnson, Stefan Nilsson
BACKGROUND: Children with cerebral palsy (CP) face particular challenges, e.g. daily pain that threaten their participation in school activities. This study focuses on how teachers, personal assistants, and clinicians in two countries with different cultural prerequisites, Sweden and South Africa, manage the pain of children in school settings. METHOD: Participants' statements collected in focus groups were analysed using a directed qualitative content analysis framed by a Frequency of attendance-Intensity of involvement model, which was modified into a Knowing-Doing model...
May 18, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488902/designing-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-applications-the-results-of-focus-groups-with-speech-language-pathologists-and-parents-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#4
Jamie B Boster, John W McCarthy
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to gain insight from speech-language pathologists (SLPs) and parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) regarding appealing features of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) applications. METHOD: Two separate 1-hour focus groups were conducted with 8 SLPs and 5 parents of children with ASD to identify appealing design features of AAC Apps, their benefits and potential concerns. Participants were shown novel interface designs for communication mode, play mode and incentive systems...
May 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471267/technology-and-its-role-in-rehabilitation-for-people-with-cognitive-communication-disability-following-a-traumatic-brain-injury-tbi
#5
Melissa Brunner, Bronwyn Hemsley, Leanne Togher, Stuart Palmer
PURPOSE: To review the literature on communication technologies in rehabilitation for people with a traumatic brain injury (TBI), and: (a) determine its application to cognitive-communicative rehabilitation, and b) develop a model to guide communication technology use with people after TBI. METHOD: This integrative literature review of communication technology in TBI rehabilitation and cognitive-communication involved searching nine scientific databases and included 95 studies...
May 4, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325063/beliefs-and-habits-staff-experiences-with-key-word-signing-in-special-schools-and-group-residential-homes
#6
Ellen Rombouts, Bea Maes, Inge Zink
Even though use of aided augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) by staff has been extensively researched, few studies relate to unaided AAC strategies such as key word signing (KWS). We explored the KWS views of two groups: direct support staff in group residential homes and teachers from special education secondary schools. We examined transcripts from individual semi-structured interviews with five direct support staff and five teachers using thematic analysis. Participants discussed consistency of KWS use and reasons for implementing KWS...
March 21, 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121173/a-call-for-innovative-social-media-research-in-the-field-of-augmentative-and-alternative-communication
#7
Bronwyn Hemsley, Susan Balandin, Stuart Palmer, Stephen Dann
Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) social media research is relatively new, and is built on a foundation of research on use of the Internet and social media by people with communication disabilities. Although the field is expanding to include a range of people who use AAC, there are limitations and gaps in research that will need to be addressed in order to keep pace with the rapid evolution of social media connectivity in assistive communication technologies. In this paper, we consider the aims, scope, and methodologies of AAC social media research, with a focus on social network sites...
March 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049542/technology-assisted-intervention-for-parents-of-adolescents-in-residential-substance-use-treatment-protocol-of-an-open-trial-and-pilot-randomized-trial
#8
Sara J Becker, Lynn Hernandez, Anthony Spirito, Selby Conrad
BACKGROUND: Adolescents in residential substance use disorder (SUD) treatment have poor outcomes post-discharge, with follow-up studies suggesting that most adolescents relapse within 90 days. Parenting practices directly influence adolescent SUD outcomes, but parents of adolescents with SUDs are difficult to engage in traditional behavioral treatments. The current study adapts and evaluates a technology-assisted intervention for parents of adolescents in residential SUD treatment. Based on pilot qualitative data with parents, adolescents, and residential staff, we augment an existing computerized intervention (Parenting Wisely; PW) with four in-person coaching sessions, personalized text messages, and an expert-moderated online parent message board...
January 3, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026774/jackin-head-immersive-visual-telepresence-system-with-omnidirectional-wearable-camera
#9
Shunichi Kasahara, Shohei Nagai, Jun Rekimoto
Sharing one's own immersive experience over the Internet is one of the ultimate goals of telepresence technology. In this paper, we present JackIn Head, a visual telepresence system featuring an omnidirectional wearable camera with image motion stabilization. Spherical omnidirectional video footage taken around the head of a local user is stabilized and then broadcast to others, allowing remote users to explore the immersive visual environment independently of the local user's head direction. We describe the system design of JackIn Head and report the evaluation results of real-time image stabilization and alleviation of cybersickness...
March 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982714/technology-assisted-language-intervention-for-children-who-are-deaf-or-hard-of-hearing-a-pilot-study-of-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-for-enhancing-language-development
#10
Jareen Meinzen-Derr, Susan Wiley, Rose McAuley, Laura Smith, Sandra Grether
PURPOSE: Pilot study to assess the effect of augmentative and alternative communication technology to enhance language development in children who are deaf or hard-of-hearing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five children ages 5-10 years with permanent bilateral hearing loss who were identified with language underperformance participated in an individualized 24-week structured program using the application TouchChat WordPower on iPads(®). Language samples were analyzed for changes in mean length of utterance, vocabulary words and mean turn length...
December 16, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866415/teachers-perceptions-of-implementation-of-aided-aac-to-support-expressive-communication-in-south-african-special-schools-a-pilot-investigation
#11
Kerstin M Tönsing, Shakila Dada
Although the provision of assistive technology for students with disabilities has been mandated in South African education policy documents, limited data are available on the implementation of aided augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) in classrooms. This pilot investigation used a concurrent mixed-methods survey design to determine the extent to which aided AAC was implemented to foster students' expressive communication in preschool to Grade 3 classrooms in special schools from six urban school districts in the Gauteng (the smallest, most affluent and most densely populated of the nine South African provinces), and also obtained teachers' perceptions of this process...
December 2016: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756433/communicating-with-conscious-and-mechanically-ventilated-critically-ill-patients-a-systematic-review
#12
S Ten Hoorn, P W Elbers, A R Girbes, P R Tuinman
BACKGROUND: Ventilator-dependent patients in the ICU often experience difficulties with one of the most basic human functions, namely communication, due to intubation. Although various assistive communication tools exist, these are infrequently used in ICU patients. We summarized the current evidence on communication methods with mechanically ventilated patients in the ICU. Secondly, we developed an algorithm for communication with these patients based on current evidence. METHODS: We performed a systematic review...
October 19, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689609/engagement-in-social-media-environments-for-individuals-with-who-use-augmentative-and-alternative-communication
#13
REVIEW
Jessica Caron
BACKGROUND: Communicative interactions, despite the mode (e.g., face-to-face, online) rely on the communication skills of each individual participating. Some individuals have significant speech and language impairments and require the use of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) (i.e., signs, speech generating devices) to maximize their communication participation across a variety of on and offline contexts. Use of social media has brought about changes to communication environments, contributing new contexts for engagement...
October 14, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636179/image-guided-endoscopic-surgery-for-spontaneous-supratentorial-intracerebral-hematoma
#14
Guo-Chen Sun, Xiao-Lei Chen, Yuan-Zheng Hou, Xin-Guang Yu, Xiao-Dong Ma, Gang Liu, Lei Liu, Jia-Shu Zhang, Hao Tang, Ru-Yuan Zhu, Ding-Biao Zhou, Bai-Nan Xu
OBJECTIVE Endoscopic removal of intracerebral hematomas is becoming increasingly common, but there is no standard technique. The authors explored the use of a simple image-guided endoscopic method for removal of spontaneous supratentorial hematomas. METHODS Virtual reality technology based on a hospital picture archiving and communications systems (PACS) was used in 3D hematoma visualization and surgical planning. Augmented reality based on an Android smartphone app, Sina neurosurgical assist, allowed a projection of the hematoma to be seen on the patient's scalp to facilitate selection of the best trajectory to the center of the hematoma...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627965/user-centered-design-of-a-tablet-waiting-room-tool-for-complex-patients-to-prioritize-discussion-topics-for-primary-care-visits
#15
Courtney R Lyles, Andrea Altschuler, Neetu Chawla, Christine Kowalski, Deanna McQuillan, Elizabeth Bayliss, Michele Heisler, Richard W Grant
BACKGROUND: Complex patients with multiple chronic conditions often face significant challenges communicating and coordinating with their primary care physicians. These challenges are exacerbated by the limited time allotted to primary care visits. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to employ a user-centered design process to create a tablet tool for use by patients for visit discussion prioritization. METHODS: We employed user-centered design methods to create a tablet-based waiting room tool that enables complex patients to identify and set discussion topic priorities for their primary care visit...
September 14, 2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562948/augmented-survival-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-victims-with-the-use-of-mobile-phones-for-emergency-communication-under-the-da-cpr-protocol-getting-information-from-callers-beside-the-victim
#16
Tetsuo Maeda, Akira Yamashita, Yasuhiro Myojo, Yukihiro Wato, Hideo Inaba
PURPOSE: To investigate the impacts of emergency calls made using mobile phones on the quality of dispatcher-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation (DA-CPR) and survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCAs) that were not witnessed by emergency medical service (EMS). METHODS: In this prospective study, we collected data for 2530 DA-CPR-attempted medical emergency cases (517 using mobile phones and 2013 using landline phones) and 2980 non-EMS-witnessed OHCAs (600 using mobile phones and 2380 using landline phones)...
October 2016: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27479969/a-real-time-augmented-reality-system-to-see-through-cars
#17
Francois Rameau, Hyowon Ha, Kyungdon Joo, Jinsoo Choi, Kibaek Park, In So Kweon
One of the most hazardous driving scenario is the overtaking of a slower vehicle, indeed, in this case the front vehicle (being overtaken) can occlude an important part of the field of view of the rear vehicle's driver. This lack of visibility is the most probable cause of accidents in this context. Recent research works tend to prove that augmented reality applied to assisted driving can significantly reduce the risk of accidents. In this paper, we present a real-time marker-less system to see through cars...
November 2016: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27332156/homecare-nurses-decision-making-during-admission-care-planning
#18
Paulina Sockolow, Ellen J Bass, Carl L Eberle, Kathryn H Bowles
The re-hospitalization rate of homecare patients within 60 days of hospital discharge is 30%. Enhanced care planning based on better information may reduce this rate. However, very little is known about the homecare admission and care planning processes. The research team collected data during observations of three nursing visits to admit homecare patients in Camden NJ, and conducted thematic content analysis on these data. Human factors methods helped to identify nurse decision-making related to selection of the plan of care problems, non-nursing resources, and the nursing visit pattern...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27206063/perinatal-and-maternal-outcomes-in-a-midwife-led-centre-in-italy-a-comparison-with-standard-hospital-assistance
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Giulia Dante, Isabella Neri, Raffaele Bruno, Chiara Salvioli, Fabio Facchinetti
BACKGROUND: In many countries midwives are the primary providers of care for childbearing women. The aim of the present study was to compare the outcomes of childbirth occurring in the birth benter (midwifery-lead) vs. the traditional delivery room organization (doctor-lead) of the Policlinico of Modena Hospital. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted over four years. At 35-36th week, women with a single, uneventful pregnancy, being classified at low-risk according to The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidelines on intrapartum care, were offered to deliver with standard care assistance (SC) in a doctors-led unit or in the Birth Centre (BC)...
June 2016: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27153565/integrating-language-models-into-classifiers-for-bci-communication-a-review
#20
W Speier, C Arnold, N Pouratian
OBJECTIVE: The present review systematically examines the integration of language models to improve classifier performance in brain-computer interface (BCI) communication systems. APPROACH: The domain of natural language has been studied extensively in linguistics and has been used in the natural language processing field in applications including information extraction, machine translation, and speech recognition. While these methods have been used for years in traditional augmentative and assistive communication devices, information about the output domain has largely been ignored in BCI communication systems...
June 2016: Journal of Neural Engineering
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