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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158980/north-atlantic-oscillation-drives-the-annual-occurrence-of-an-isolated-peripheral-population-of-the-brown-seaweed-fucus-guiryi-in-the-western-mediterranean-sea
#1
Ignacio J Melero-Jiménez, A Enrique Salvo, José C Báez, Elena Bañares-España, Andreas Reul, Antonio Flores-Moya
The canopy-forming, intertidal brown (Phaeophyceae) seaweed Fucus guiryi is distributed along the cold-temperate and warm-temperate coasts of Europe and North Africa. Curiously, an isolated population develops at Punta Calaburras (Alboran Sea, Western Mediterranean) but thalli are not present in midsummer every year, unlike the closest (ca. 80 km), perennial populations at the Strait of Gibraltar. The persistence of the alga at Punta Calaburras could be due to the growth of resilient, microscopic stages as well as the arrival of few-celled stages originating from neighbouring localities, and transported by the permanent Atlantic Jet flowing from the Atlantic Ocean into the Mediterranean...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157596/molecular-epidemiology-and-phylogenetic-analysis-of-human-papillomavirus-infection-in-women-with-cervical-lesions-and-cancer-from-the-coastal-region-of-ecuador
#2
Cesar H Bedoya-Pilozo, Lex G Medina Magües, Maylen Espinosa-García, Martha Sánchez, Johanna V Parrales Valdiviezo, Denisse Molina, María A Ibarra, María Quimis-Ponce, Karool España, Karla E Párraga Macias, Nancy V Cajas Flores, Solon A Orlando, Jorge A Robalino Penaherrera, Peter Chedraui, Saul Escobar, Rita D Loja Chango, Cecibel Ramirez-Morán, Jasson Espinoza-Caicedo, Sunny Sánchez-Giler, Celia M Limia, Yoan Alemán, Yudira Soto, Vivian Kouri, Andrés C A Culasso, Inés Badano
The aim of the present study was to gather information regarding the molecular epidemiology of Human papillomavirus (HPV) and related risk factors in a group of women with low- and high-grade cervical lesions and cancer from the coastal region of Ecuador. In addition, we studied the evolution of HPV variants from the most prevalent types and provided a temporal framework for their emergence, which may help to trace the source of dissemination within the region. We analyzed 166 samples, including 57 CIN1, 95 CIN2/3 and 14 cancer cases...
November 17, 2017: Revista Argentina de Microbiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153493/the-university-hospital-criteria-for-its-accreditation
#3
Juan Antonio Vargas, Felipe Rodríguez de Castro, Ricardo Rigual, José Luis Álvarez-Sala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150218/keratitis-secondary-to-fusarium-spp-in-spain-2012-2014
#4
M A Mosquera Gordillo, N Barón Cano, A Garralda Luquin, C López Gutiérrez, E Mengual Verdú, G Trujillo Cabrera, J M Garrido Fierro, J Lamarca Mateu, J C Sánchez España, P Marticorena Álvarez, R Feijoó Lera, S Martín Nalda, T Marti Huguet, V Gacía Conca
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical-epidemiological characteristics of a case series of fungal keratitis associated with Fusarium spp.., in Spain during the years 2012 to 2014. METHODS: A retrospective study of a case series was conducted on a systematic random sample of 10% of patients identified in Health Centres of provincial capitals (n=250). The centres were asked whether they had been presented with cases of Fusarium spp. keratitis characterised by microbiological methods...
November 14, 2017: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150214/multifocal-best-s-disease-the-importance-of-genetic-tests
#5
C Alba Linero, M Rodríguez Calvo de Mora, M España Contreras, C Hernando Ayala
OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: Our objective is to describe a multifocal vitelliform presentation of Best's disease. The lesions in this disease may vary in size and shape, some may be a disc diameter in size, and often have some irregularity in their contour. The case is described of a 21-year-old male patient referred to our ophthalmology department due to a progressive loss of vision. His poor visual acuity was confirmed, and a complete examination was performed, in which macular flecks were observed, with yellow pigment arranged in oval distribution near their periphery...
November 14, 2017: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136041/profiling-analysis-of-circulating-microrna-in-peripheral-blood-of-patients-with-class-iv-lupus-nephritis
#6
Elkin Navarro-Quiroz, Lisandro Pacheco-Lugo, Roberto Navarro-Quiroz, Hernan Lorenzi, Pierine España-Puccini, Yirys Díaz-Olmos, Lisneth Almendrales, Valeria Olave, Henry Gonzalez-Torres, Anderson Diaz-Perez, Alex Dominguez, Antonio Iglesias, Raul García, Gustavo Aroca-Martinez
Renal involvement in Systemic Lupus Erythematous (SLE) patients is one of the leading causes of morbidity and a significant contributor to mortality. It's estimated that nearly 50% of SLE individuals develop kidney disease in the first year of the diagnosis. Class IV lupus nephritis (LN-IV) is the class of lupus nephritis most common in Colombian patients with SLE. Altered miRNAs expression levels have been reported in human autoimmune diseases including lupus. Variations in the expression pattern of peripheral blood circulating miRNAs specific for this class of lupus nephritis could be correlated with the pathophysiological status of this group of individuals...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128768/contaminated-land-in-colombia-a-critical-review-of-current-status-and-future-approach-for-the-management-of-contaminated-sites
#7
REVIEW
Victor Andres Arias Espana, Alfonso R Rodriguez Pinilla, Paul Bardos, Ravi Naidu
Environmental contaminants can have negative effects on human health and land, air and water resources. Consequently, there have been significant advances in regulation for protecting the environment in developed countries including the development of remediation frameworks and guidelines. On the other hand, fewer studies have been reported on the risks and health effects of contaminants in developing regions and there is scarce information regarding contaminated land assessment and environmental remediation...
November 9, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126706/-clinical-governance-and-patient-safety-culture-in-clinical-laboratories-in-the-spanish-national-health-system
#8
Á Giménez-Marín, F Rivas-Ruiz
AIM: To conduct a situational analysis of patient safety culture in public laboratories in the Spanish National Health System and to determine the clinical governance variables that most strongly influence patient safety. METHOD: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out, in which a Survey of Patient Safety in Clinical Laboratories was addressed to workers in 26 participating laboratories. In this survey, which consisted of 45 items grouped into 6 areas, scores were assigned on a scale from 0 to 100 (where 0 is the lowest perception of patient safety)...
November 7, 2017: Revista de Calidad Asistencial: Organo de la Sociedad Española de Calidad Asistencial
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126611/diaphragmatic-thickness-ratio-inspiratory-expiratory-as-a-diagnostic-method-of-diaphragmatic-palsy-associated-with-interescalene-block
#9
V M López Escárraga, K Dubos España, R H Castillo Bustos, L Peidró, S Sastre, X Sala-Blanch
INTRODUCTION: Diaphragmatic paralysis is a side-effect associated with interscalene block. Thickness index of the diaphragm muscle (inspiratory thickness/expiratory thickness) obtained by ultrasound has recently been introduced in clinical practice for diagnosis of diaphragm muscle atrophy. Our objective was to evaluate this index for the diagnosis of acute phrenic paresis associated with interscalene block. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We designed an observational study in 22 patients scheduled for shoulder arthroscopy...
November 7, 2017: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121459/extramural-perineural-invasion-in-pt3-and-pt4-gastric-carcinomas
#10
Alejandro España-Ferrufino, Leonardo S Lino-Silva, Rosa A Salcedo-Hernández
Background: Perineural invasion (PNI) is widely studied in malignant tumors, and its prognostic significance is well demonstrated. Most studies have focused on evaluating the mural PNI (mPNI); however, extramural PNI (ePNI) may influence the prognosis in gastric cancer. We evaluated the prognostic value of ePNI compared with mPNI in gastric cancer in this observational comparative cross-sectional study. Materials and Methods: Seventy-three pT3 and pT4 gastric carcinomas with PNI were evaluated...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119124/spanish-consensus-statement-clinical-management-and-treatment-of-tendinopathies-in-sport
#11
Tomas Fernandez-Jaén, Guillermo Álvarez Rey, Francisco Angulo, Jordi Ardevol Cuesta, Rafael Arriaza Loureda, Fernando Ávila España, Juan Ayala, Ramón Balius Matas, Fernando Baró Pazos, Juan de Dios Beas Jiménez, Jorge Candel Rosell, César Cobián Fernandez, Mª Del Pilar Doñoro Cuevas, Francisco Esparza Ros, Josefina Espejo Colmenero, Jorge Fernández de Prado, Juan José García Cota, Jose Ignacio Garrido González, Carlos Gonzalez de Vega, Manuela González Santander, Miguel Ángel Herrador Munilla, Francisco Ivorra Ruiz, Fernando Jiménez Díaz, Antonio Maestro Fernandez, Pedro Manonelles Marqueta, Juan José Muñoz Benito, Ramón Olivé Vilás, Carles Pedret, Xavier Peirau Teres, José Peña Amaro, Jordi Puigdellivoll Grifell, Juan Pérez San Roque, Christophe Ramírez Parenteu, Juan Ribas Serna, Gil Rodas Font, Mikel Sánchez Álvarez, Carlos Sanchez Marchori, Lluis Til Perez, Rosario Ureña Durán, Miguel Del Valle Soto, José María Villalón Alonso, Pedro Guillen García
On October 15, 2016, experts met at Clínica CEMTRO in Madrid, Spain, under the patronage of the Spanish Society for Sports Traumatology (SETRADE), the Spanish Society of Sports Medicine (SEMED), the Spanish Association of Medical Services for Football Clubs (AEMEF), the Spanish Association of Medical Services for Basketball Clubs (AEMB), F.C. Barcelona, and Clínica CEMTRO. The purpose was to consider the most appropriate clinical management and treatment of tendinopathies in sports, based on proven scientific data described in the medical literature as well as on each expert's experience...
October 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107401/-map-of-alzheimer-s-disease-and-other-dementias-in-spain-mapea-project
#12
Pablo Martínez-Lage, Manuel Martín-Carrasco, Enrique Arrieta, Jesús Rodrigo, Francesc Formiga
INTRODUCTION: In the current context of increased life expectancy and progressive aging of the population a very significant increase in the number of people with cognitive impairment and dementia is expected. Consequently, Spain will face an enormous social and health problem in the next decades. The Mapa de la enfermedad de Alzheimer y otras demencias en España project aims to analyse plans, prevention and early diagnosis activities, process of care and resources available across the 17 Spanish regions for the management of cognitive impairment and dementia in order to identify improvement areas, as well as to provide a list of recommendations...
October 26, 2017: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080627/corrigendum-to-urban-sewage-lipids-in-the-suspended-particulate-matter-of-a-coral-reef-under-river-influence-in-the-south-west-gulf-of-mexico-water-res-123-2017-192-205
#13
Laura Carreón-Palau, Christopher C Parrish, Horacio Pérez-España
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077772/comparison-of-protocols-and-rna-carriers-for-plasma-mirna-isolation-unraveling-rna-carrier-influence-on-mirna-isolation
#14
Luis A Ramón-Núñez, Laura Martos, Álvaro Fernández-Pardo, Julia Oto, Pilar Medina, Francisco España, Silvia Navarro
microRNAs are promising biomarkers in biological fluids in several diseases. Different plasma RNA isolation protocols and carriers are available, but their efficiencies have been scarcely compared. Plasma microRNAs were isolated using a phenol and column-based procedure and a column-based procedure, in the presence or absence of two RNA carriers (yeast RNA and MS2 RNA). We evaluated the presence of PCR inhibitors and the relative abundance of certain microRNAs by qRT-PCR. Furthermore, we analyzed the association between different isolation protocols, the relative abundance of the miRNAs in the sample, the GC content and the free energy of microRNAs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075024/the-effectiveness-of-silver-diamine-fluoride-in-arresting-caries
#15
Derek Richards
Data sourcesPubMed, Embase, Scopus, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Ichushi-web, Biblioteca Virtual en Salud Espana (BVSE) and Biblioteca Virtual em Saude (BVS) databases. There were no limits on language or publication dates.Study selectionTwo reviewers selected prospective clinical studies investigating SDF treatment for caries prevention in children.Data extraction and synthesisData was abstracted independently by two reviewers and risk of bias assessed. Meta-analysis was performed on studies in which the caries-arresting rate using 38% SDF solution on primary teeth could be obtained or calculated...
October 27, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063393/corn-industrial-wastewater-nejayote-a-promising-substrate-in-mexico-for-methane-production-in-a-coupled-system-apcr-uasb
#16
Elda España-Gamboa, Jorge Arturo Domínguez-Maldonado, Raul Tapia-Tussell, Jose Silvano Chale-Canul, Liliana Alzate-Gaviria
In Mexico, the corn tortilla is a food of great economic importance. Corn tortilla production generates about 1500-2000 m(3) of wastewater per 600 tons of processed corn. Although this wastewater (also known as nejayote) has a high organic matter content, few studies in Mexico have analyzed its treatment. This study presents fresh data on the potential methane production capacity of nejayote in a two-phase anaerobic digestion system using an Anaerobic-Packed Column Reactor (APCR) to optimize the acidogenic phase and an up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor to enhance the methanogenic process...
October 23, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054857/diazepam-concurrently-increases-the-frequency-and-decreases-the-amplitude-of-dopamine-transient-release-events-in-the-nucleus-accumbens
#17
Scott A Schelp, Zachary D Brodnik, Dylan R Rakowski, Katherine J Pultorak, Asha T Sambells, Rodrigo A Espana, Erik B Oleson
Benzodiazepines are commonly prescribed anxiolytics that pose abuse liability in susceptible individuals. While it is well established that all drugs of abuse increase brain dopamine levels and benzodiazepines are allosteric modulators of the GABAAR, it remains unclear how they alter dopamine release. Using in vivo fast-scan cyclic voltammetry, we measured diazepam (trade name valium) induced changes in the frequency and amplitude of transient dopamine release events. We found that diazepam concurrently increase the frequency and decreases the amplitude of transient dopamine release events in the awake and freely-moving rat...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992491/photolysis-of-clethodim-herbicide-and-a-formulation-in-aquatic-environments-fate-and-ecotoxicity-assessment-of-photoproducts-by-qsar-models
#18
Juan José Villaverde, Beatriz Sevilla-Morán, Carmen López-Goti, Luisa Calvo, José Luis Alonso-Prados, Pilar Sandín-España
The photochemical fate of the herbicide clethodim in natural waters was investigated under simulated and natural sunlight radiation. This herbicide exhibited a rapid degradation rate in simulated aquatic environment with half-lives ranged from 27.9min to 4.6h. The commercial formulation of clethodim showed a faster degradation with half-lives from 19.3min to 1.4h. It has also been demonstrated that the photolytic behavior of clethodim was affected by the water composition and the radiation intensity. Nine major photoproducts were identified and their distribution was dependent on the experimental conditions...
February 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976044/prevalence-and-predictors-of-sunburn-among-beachgoers
#19
M de Troya-Martín, M V de Gálvez-Aranda, F Rivas-Ruiz, N Blázquez-Sánchez, M T Fernández-Morano, L Padilla-España, E Herrera-Ceballos
BACKGROUND: Painful sunburns at any age are one of the main risk factors for skin cancer. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and predictors of sunburn among beachgoers. METHODS: A cross-sectional health survey was conducted at the beach during the summer. Adults > 18 years with an understanding of Spanish were interviewed using a questionnaire about behaviours, attitudes and knowledge related to sun exposure at the beach. A descriptive analysis was performed and a log binomial regression model was used to determine predictors of sunburn...
October 4, 2017: Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971565/hypocretin-receptor-1-knockdown-in-the-ventral-tegmental-area-attenuates-mesolimbic-dopamine-signaling-and-reduces-motivation-for-cocaine
#20
David L Bernstein, Preeti S Badve, Jessica R Barson, Caroline E Bass, Rodrigo A España
The hypocretin receptor 1 (HCRTr1) is a critical participant in the regulation of motivated behavior. Previous observations demonstrate that acute pharmacological blockade of HCRTr1 disrupts dopamine (DA) signaling and the motivation for cocaine when delivered systemically or directly into the ventral tegmental area (VTA). To further examine the involvement of HCRTr1 in regulating reward and reinforcement processing, we employed an adeno-associated virus to express a short hairpin RNA designed to knock down HCRTr1...
October 2, 2017: Addiction Biology
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