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Francisco Javier Valero Chávez, Luis Miguel Luengo Pérez, Javier Cubero Juánez
Introducción: ante las nuevas implicaciones atribuidas a la vitamina D y la asociación con enfermedades tales como el cáncer, diabetes, enfermedades cardiovasculares, autoinmunes y mortalidad, no es de extrañar que se haya defendido la medición de los niveles de vitamina D en la población general. Sin embargo, no existen datos experimentales que demuestren la viabilidad y rentabilidad de la estrategia de cribado en la población y tampoco se ha comprobado la existencia de beneficios para la salud, por lo que en la actualidad solo es aconsejable la medida de 25 (OH) vitamina D en los grupos de personas de alto riesgo como indican las guías clínicas internacionales...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Lídia Teixidor López, Cindy Frías-Torres, José Moreno-España, Lluisa Ortega, Pablo Barrio, Antoni Gual
Many alcohol-dependent patients suffer from cognitive impairment of variable severity, manifested by alterations in retrograde and anterograde memory, visuospatial processing, cognitive abilities and attention, some of which are reversible. In this context, cognitive remediation therapies could significantly improve patients' performance; therefore, these are considered a valuable alternative. The aim of this study was to implement cognitive remediation therapy in patients with alcohol dependence and cognitive impairment and evaluate its viability and effectiveness...
September 29, 2016: Adicciones
L España Fuente, P de la Rica Fernández, J L González González
Laryngeal cysts are largely asymptomatic and typically described in the context of incidental discovery on routine laryngoscopy. These cysts, in adults are even rarer and can have catastrophic consequences in an anaesthetized patient if airway management is inappropriate. We describe a case of difficult endotracheal intubation and the treatment of an adult patient with an asymptomatic, giant vallecular cyst that was discovered during rapid-sequence induction of general anesthesia in urgent surgery. In conclusion, vallecular cysts can cause extreme problems in securing the airway...
September 27, 2016: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
Juan Diego Ayala-Mejias, Benjamin Garcia-Gonzalez, Luis Alcocer-Perez-España, Jorge Hugo Villafañe, Pedro Berjano
To evaluate the relationship between tunnel position and widening and long-term clinical results in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, a retrospective cohort of 30 patients undergoing ACL reconstruction with double semitendinous plus double gracilis (SAC technique) with longer than 10-year follow-up was selected. CT scans in the first 3 months and at final follow-up was evaluated. Position, angle, and widening of tunnels including Nebelung criteria were recorded in all CT scans. Physical, KT-1000, and clinical evaluation were performed at final follow-up...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Knee Surgery
T Arias, J Mateo, S España, J L Izquierdo, J J Jiménez-Borreguero, J M Ruiz-Cabello
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
A España, S Fernandez
Autoimmune blistering diseases (AIBD) comprise several entities characterized by the presence of autoantibodies targeted against structural proteins either in desmosomes or in the dermoepidermal junction of polystratified squamous epithelium. Patients develop blisters, erosions in cutaneous surfaces or mucosas. Diagnosis is based on the characteristic mucocutaneous lesions, the typical findings on histological studies and direct immunofluorescence assays, and the presence of specific autoantibodies against the epidermal antigens...
September 14, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Marlene Damin-Pernik, Bernadette Espana, Stephane Besse, Isabelle Fourel, Herve Caruel, Florence Popowycz, Etienne Benoit, Virginie Lattard
Difenacoum, an antivitamin K anticoagulant, has been widely used as rodenticide to manage populations of rodents. Difenacoum belongs to the second generation of anticoagulant and as all the molecules belonging to the second generation of anticoagulant, difenacoum is often involved in primary poisonings of domestic animals and secondary poisonings of wildlife by feeding contaminated rodents. To develop a new and ecofriendly difenacoum, we explored in this study the differences in properties between diastereomers of difenacoum...
September 12, 2016: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
Juan C Sánchez España, Alberto Tenorio Abreu, Alejandro Álvarez López, Ligia E Naranjo González, María C González Gallego, Carlos Hidalgo Grass, Carlos Ruíz Frutos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2016: Ophthalmology
Nazario Martín, Carlos Andradas
The evolution of knowledge and technology in recent decades has brought profound changes in science policy, not only in the countries but also in the supranational organizations. It has been necessary, therefore, to adapt the scientific institutions to new models in order to achieve a greater and better communication between them and the political counterparts responsible for defining the general framework of relations between science and society. The Federationon of Scientific Societies of Spain (COSCE, Confederación de Sociedades Científicas de España) was founded in October 2003 to respond to the urgent need to interact with the political institutions and foster a better orientation in the process of making decisions about the science policy...
December 2015: International Microbiology: the Official Journal of the Spanish Society for Microbiology
M A Martín-Piedra, M Alaminos, R Fernández-Valadés-Gámez, A España-López, E Liceras-Liceras, I Sánchez-Montesinos, A Martínez-Plaza, M C Sánchez-Quevedo, R Fernández-Valadés, I Garzón
Current tissue engineering technology focuses on developing simple tissues, whereas multilayered structures comprising several tissue types have rarely been described. We developed a highly biomimetic multilayered palate substitute with bone and oral mucosa tissues using rabbit cells and biomaterials subjected to nanotechnological techniques based on plastic compression. This novel palate substitute was autologously grafted in vivo, and histological and histochemical analyses were used to evaluate biointegration, cell function, and cell differentiation in the multilayered palate substitute...
September 6, 2016: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
Abdelrahim Zoued, Chloé J Cassaro, Eric Durand, Badreddine Douzi, Alexandre P España, Christian Cambillau, Laure Journet, Eric Cascales
The Type VI secretion system (T6SS) is a multiprotein complex that delivers toxin effectors in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. It is constituted of a long cytoplasmic structure - the tail - made of stacked Hcp hexamers and wrapped by a contractile sheath. Contraction of the sheath propels the inner tube capped by the VgrG spike protein towards the target cell. This tubular structure is built onto an assembly platform - the baseplate - that is composed of the TssEFGK-VgrG subunits. During the assembly process, the baseplate is recruited to a trans-envelope complex comprising the TssJ outer membrane lipoprotein and the TssL and TssM inner membrane proteins...
September 3, 2016: Journal of Molecular Biology
J B Repiso Jiménez, L Padilla España, T Fernández Morano, M de Troya Martín
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 3, 2016: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
Ismael San Mauro Martín, Elena Garicano Vilar, Joana León Fernández, María José Ciudad Cabañas, Luis Collado Yurrita
Introducción: recientemente ha surgido el interés por el posible papel de la microbiota intestinal como agente potenciador del rápido aumento que se está observando en el aumento de la prevalencia de obesidad en todo el mundo.Objetivos: relacionar las modificaciones que puede ocasionar el consumo de antibióticos en la microflora intestinal con la obesidad.Métodos: se extrajeron, de las Encuestas Nacionales de Salud de España, entre los años 2001 y 2011, las cifras de ingesta de antibióticos y la prevalencia (%) de obesidad en el mismo rango de edad, género y año...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Rosa M Ortega
El artículo de San Mauro y cols. profundiza en un tema de interés prioritario como es el estudio de los hábitos de ingesta de fluidos en personas de cuatro países: España, Portugal, México y Uruguay, para analizar si se cumplen (y si se conocen) las pautas de hidratación marcadas como adecuadas por organismos oficiales y, en concreto, por la EFSA. Es indudable la importancia de una correcta hidratación pues mientras que se puede vivir meses, o años, con una alimentación incorrecta, la deshidratación puede llevar a la muerte en un escaso periodo de tiempo...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Noelia Ibañez, Jesús Abrisqueta, Juan Luján, Quiteria Hernández, Pascual Parrilla
OBJECTIVES: Some perianal pathologies require aggressive surgery that will need techniques to allow to re-establish the integrity of the perianal region. The purpose is to analyze short and long term results after perineal reconstruction with V-Y flaps. METHODS: A retrospective review of prospectively collected database was conducted at Virgen de la Arrixaca's Hospital in Murcia (España) between January 2000 and December 2013. The study includes all patients who underwent a perineal reconstruction with V-Y flaps...
August 20, 2016: Cirugía Española
Miguel Jiménez-Pérez, Rocío González-Grande, Pilar España Contreras, Isabel Pinazo Martínez, Jesús de la Cruz Lombardo, Raúl Olmedo Martín
The use of direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) to treat chronic hepatitis C has resulted in a significant increase in rates of sustained viral response (around 90%-95%) as compared with the standard treatment of peginterferon/ribavirin. Despite this, however, the rates of therapeutic failure in daily clinical practice range from 10%-15%. Most of these cases are due to the presence of resistant viral variants, resulting from mutations produced by substitutions of amino acids in the viral target protein that reduce viral sensitivity to DAAs, thus limiting the efficacy of these drugs...
August 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Emilio Villa-González, Carlos Rodríguez-López, Yaira Barranco-Ruiz, Luis Fabián Cabezas-Arévalo, Palma Chillón
Objetivo: analizar la concordancia de dos métodos de medición (Google MapsTM vs. Sistema de Información Geográfica) para la determinación de la distancia desde el domicilio familiar hasta el colegio.Métodos: un total de 542 escolares de entre 8-11 años de edad (media = 9,36 ± 0,6) del sur de España participaron en el estudio, facilitando la dirección de su domicilio familiar. La distancia desde el domicilio familiar al colegio se calculó mediante la utilización de dos programas diferentes:Google MapsTM y Sistema de Información Geográfica (GIS) en ruta y en línea recta...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Georgina Flórez-Grau, Pau Rocas, Raquel Cabezón, Carolina España, Julián Panés, Josep Rocas, Fernando Albericio, Daniel Benítez-Ribas
The design of innovative strategies to selectively target cells, such antigen-presenting cells and dendritic cells, in vivo to induce immune tolerance is gaining interest and relevance for the treatment of immune-mediated diseases. A novel loaded-nanosystem strategy to generate tolerogenic dendritic cells (tol-DCs) was evaluated. Hence budesonide (BDS) was encapsulated in multiwalled polyurethane-polyurea nanoparticles (PUUa NPs-BDS) based on self-stratified polymers by hydrophobic interactions at the oil-water interface...
September 25, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Ane Uranga, Pedro P España, Amaia Bilbao, Jose María Quintana, Ignacio Arriaga, Maider Intxausti, Jose Luis Lobo, Laura Tomás, Jesus Camino, Juan Nuñez, Alberto Capelastegui
IMPORTANCE: The optimal duration of antibiotic treatment for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) has not been well established. OBJECTIVE: To validate Infectious Diseases Society of America/American Thoracic Society guidelines for duration of antibiotic treatment in hospitalized patients with CAP. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This study was a multicenter, noninferiority randomized clinical trial performed at 4 teaching hospitals in Spain from January 1, 2012, through August 31, 2013...
September 1, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
M Martinez Ferri, P Peña Mayor, I Perez López-Fraile, A Escartin Siquier, M Martin Moro, M Forcadas Berdusan
INTRODUCTION: The prescription pattern of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) during pregnancy is changing but to what extent this is occurring in Spain remains unknown. The efficacy of newer drugs for controlling seizures is a key issue and may have changed over the years as doctors gained familiarity with these drugs during pregnancy. To assess these 2 topics, we report the results from the Spanish EURAP register gathered over a 12-year period. MATERIAL AND METHODS: After signing informed consent forms, patients were included in the register and evaluated at onset of pregnancy, at the end of the second and third trimesters, after delivery, and one year after delivery...
July 21, 2016: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
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