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Jorge Lastra Torres
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December 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
Juliana Velasco, David A Montero, Miguel Guzmán
INTRODUCTION: Hypotonic-Hyporesponsive Episode (HHE) is an adverse event after vaccination, mainly associated with whole-cell pertussis vaccines. It is characterized by a sudden onset of muscle flaccidity, reduced response to stimuli and pallor or cyanosis. Although the HHE is infrequent, it is considered a severe adverse event. OBJECTIVE: To report a case of HHE following the administration of the whole-cell pertussis combination vaccine (DTwP-HB-Hib), which is included in National Im munization Program (PNI) of Chile, and to contributing to the knowledge of this adverse event in the country...
December 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
Rolando Saavedra O, Fresia Solís F, Carmina Domic C
INTRODUCTION: Children scalded by the tearing of hot-water bottles presented a sudden and significa tive increase around 2000 in Chile. For this reason the Aid to Burned Children Corporation (COA-NIQUEM) publicized prevention concepts concerning the careful use of this device and raised a voice of alarm to authorities. Later, the National Normalization Institute introduced quality certification standards for hot water bottles sold in the country. OBJECTIVES: Determine the impact of preventive measures and quality certification for hot water bottles in burns caused by tearing of the device on children...
December 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
Sylvina Alvarado, Ernesto Paya, María Teresa Valenzuela, Rodolfo Villena
INTRODUCTION: Special vaccines recommendation patients are a growing population. The Ministry of Health has developed a special vaccination program for these cases, through which our hospital manages vaccine forms by an established flowchart. OBJECTIVE: To describe the special vaccines model of management results in the period between March 2015 and September 2016, and the clinical and demographics characterization of the pediatric population benefited with this program in Dr...
December 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
Baltica Cabieses, Macarena Chepo, Marcela Oyarte, Niina Markkula, Patricia Bustos, Víctor Pedrero, Iris Delgado
INTRODUCTION: Children and young international migrants face different health challenges compa red with the local population, particularly if they live in insecure environments or adverse social conditions. This study seeks to identify gaps in health outcomes of children between immigrant and local population in Chile. METHODS: This study analyses data from three sources: (i) Born in Chile: Electronic records of antenatal visits from all municipal antenatal clinics of Recoleta in 2012; (ii) Growing up in Chile: Population survey "National Socioeconomic Characterization" (CASEN) from 2013 and (iii) Getting sick in Chile: Data of all hospital discharges in 2012, provided by the department of statistics and health information (DEIS) of the Ministry of Health...
December 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
Carolyn M Bauer, Loreto A Correa, Luis A Ebensperger, L Michael Romero
The Common Degu (Octodon degus) is a small rodent endemic to central Chile. It has become an important model for comparative vertebrate endocrinology because of several uncommon life-history features - it is diurnal, shows a high degree of sociality, practices plural breeding with multiple females sharing natal burrows, practices communal parental care, and can easily be studied in the laboratory and the field. Many studies have exploited these features to make contributions to comparative endocrinology. This review summarizes contributions in four major areas...
March 12, 2018: General and Comparative Endocrinology
Ricardo Araya, Pedro Zitko, Niina Markkula
Universal health care programmes have the potential to reduce treatment gaps. We explored the potential impact of an equity-oriented universal health care programme on access to care for depression, hypertension and diabetes using data from two nationally representative health surveys in Chile. The likelihood a depressed individual had accessed health care appears to have increased significantly after the programme was introduced whereas those for hypertension and diabetes remained unchanged. Depressed women seem to have benefited mostly from the programme...
March 14, 2018: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Fernando A Poletta, Monica Rittler, Cesar Saleme, Hebe Campaña, Juan A Gili, Mariela S Pawluk, Lucas G Gimenez, Viviana R Cosentino, Eduardo E Castilla, Jorge S López-Camelo
BACKGROUND: Historically, neural tube defects (NTDs) have predominated in female infants but the reasons remain unclear. In South America, the pre- folic acid fortification (FAF) rates of NTDs were around 18/10,000 births for females and 12/10,000 births for males, with an estimated sex ratio (male/female) of 0.67. During the post- FAF period, unpublished routine reports have indicated changes in the sex ratio for these defects while some descriptive reports are controversial. To date and to our knowledge, however, no studies specifically focusing on these changes to test this hypothesis directly have been undertaken...
2018: PloS One
Teresa Iturriaga, Katherine F LoBuglio, Donald H Pfister
Bulgariella pulla (Leotiomycetes) is redescribed with the addition of characters of the ascus, spores, and habitat that were previously unconsidered. The ascus dehiscence mechanism in Bulgariella is unusual among Leotiomycetes. In this genus, asci lack a pore and open by splitting to form valves. Phylogenetic analyses of partial sequences of translation elongation factor 1-α (TEF1-α), the second largest subunit of RNA polymerase II (RPB2), and the 18S and 28S nuc rRNA genes determined that Bulgariella belongs within Leotiomycetes but without conclusive assignment to an order or family...
March 9, 2018: Mycologia
Manuel Minteguiaga, H Andrés González, Eduardo Cassel, Noelia Umpierrez, Laura Fariña, Eduardo Dellacassa
Chemical bioprospecting is an important tool for generating knowledge regarding local human-threatened floras and for conservation management. For Baccharis L. (Asteraceae), several volatile components have been reported for Brazil, Argentina, Bolivia, and Chile as a result of bioprospection, but not for Uruguayan flora, which is composed of more than 50 native species. In this work, through collection of aerial parts of different species and volatile simultaneous-distillation extraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analyses, 12 native species of Baccharis were studied (B...
March 14, 2018: Chemistry & Biodiversity
Carolina Fux-Otta, Manuel Maliqueo, Bárbara Echiburú, Otilio Rosato, Nicolás Crisosto, Gabriel S Iraci, Marta Fiol de Cuneo, Paula Szafryk de Mereshian, Teresa Sir-Petermann
Pregnancy complications and obstetric outcomes were compared in 80 Chilean (PPCOSCh ) and 70 Argentinian (PPCOSAr ) pregnant women. Reference groups of Chilean and Argentinian normal pregnant women from the same antenatal care units were also compared. PPCOSCh showed a higher prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) (OR, 2.28, 95% CI: 1.08-4.77, p = .030) and a lower prevalence of pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) (OR, 0.20, 95% CI: 0.07-0.54, p = .001) compared to PPCOSAr . In the normal pregnant groups, the prevalence of PIH was lower in Chilean women compared to Argentinian women (OR, 0...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Yvette Efevbera, Dana C McCoy, Alice J Wuermli, Theresa S Betancourt
Limited evidence describes promoting development and reducing violence in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), a missed opportunity to protect children and promote development and human capital. This study presents a systematic literature review of integrated early childhood development plus violence prevention (ECD+VP) interventions in LMICs. The search yielded 5,244 unique records, of which N = 6 studies met inclusion criteria. Interventions were in Chile, Jamaica, Lebanon, Mexico, Mozambique, and Turkey...
March 2018: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
Pablo Iribarren Anacona, Josie Kinney, Marius Schaefer, Stephan Harrison, Ryan Wilson, Alexis Segovia, Bruno Mazzorana, Felipe Guerra, David Farías, John M Reynolds, Neil F Glasser
The environmental, socioeconomic and cultural significance of glaciers has motivated several countries to regulate activities on glaciers and glacierized surroundings. However, laws written to specifically protect mountain glaciers have only recently been considered within national political agendas. Glacier Protection Laws (GPLs) originate in countries where mining has damaged glaciers and have been adopted with the aim of protecting the cryosphere from harmful activities. Here, we analyze GPLs in Argentina (approved) and Chile (under discussion) to identify potential environmental conflicts arising from law restrictions and omissions...
March 13, 2018: Ambio
Diego Ossandón, Mario Zanolli, Ricardo Stevenson, Ricardo Agurto, Paula Ortiz, Gad Dotan
PURPOSE: To report the results of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) screening by a telemedicine system in Chile and evaluate its usefulness for referring patients who require treatment. METHODS: Premature infants at risk of developing ROP from 11 neonatal intensive care units were included. Screening was performed on all infants born at a gestational age of <32 weeks and/or birth weight of <1500 g. A trained nonphysician operator used an imaging system to capture retinal images, which were reviewed by two independent ROP experts...
March 10, 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Josef Greimler, Christian H Schulze, Patricio López Sepúlveda, Patricio Novoa, Alejandro Gatica, Karl Reiter, Johannes Wessely, Carlos Baeza, Patricio Peñailillo, Eduardo Ruiz, Tod Stuessy
Oceanic islands are vulnerable ecosystems and their flora has been under pressure since the arrival of the first humans. Human activities and both deliberately and inadvertently introduced biota have had and continue to have a severe impact on island endemic plants. The number of alien plants has increased nearly linearly on many islands, perhaps resulting in extinction-based saturation of island floras. Here, we provide evidence for such a scenario in Alejandro Selkirk, Robinson Crusoe Islands (Archipelago Juan Fernández, Chile)...
March 2018: Ecology and Evolution
Fabián E Díaz, Constanza Martínez-Valdebenito, Javier López, Thomas Weitzel, Katia Abarca
The presented study analyzed the presence and geographical distribution of the tropical and temperate lineages of Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato in Chile. R. sanguineus s.l. ticks were collected from dogs at 14 sites in northern and central Chile for morphological and genetic analysis based on the 16S rDNA gene. Phylogenetic studies proved the existence of both, the tropical and the temperate lineages. The former was represented by a single haplotype and occurred in the far north; the latter included four haplotypes and was observed from the Tarapacá Region southwards...
March 5, 2018: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Tania Gutiérrez Panchana, Viviane Hidalgo Cabalín
BACKGROUND: The use of measurement instruments has become a major issue in physical therapy, but their use in daily practice is rare. The aim of this paper is to describe adherence to standardized assessments by physical therapists using a complexity-based model for categorizing rehabilitation (CMCR) at the Clínica Alemana of Santiago, an acute hospital in Chile. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study used 145,968 participant records that were stored in the inpatient database between July 2011 and December 2015...
March 12, 2018: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
Esteban Yefi-Quinteros, Catalina Muñoz-San Martín, Antonella Bacigalupo, Juana P Correa, Pedro E Cattan
BACKGROUND: Trypanosoma cruzi is the agent of Chagas disease, a major public health problem in Latin America. Many wild and domestic animals are naturally infected with T. cruzi; rodents are one of the groups which have been consistently detected infected in different countries. The aim of this work was to characterize blood T. cruzi load in naturally infected rodents from a Chagas disease endemic region in Chile. METHODS: Baited traps were set in domestic and peridomestic areas of rural dwellings...
March 12, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
Luis A Ñacari, Fabiola A Sepulveda, Rubén Escribano, Rodney A Bray, Marcelo E Oliva
The Humboldt Current Large Marine Ecosystem (HCLME) is recognised as one of the largest and most productive marine ecosystems. The estimated number of teleost fish species for the Chilean coast influenced by the HCLME reaches c.1,030 but digeneans have been reported for 39 teleost species, i.e. less than 4% of the potential hosts. During a survey of parasites of the Galápagos sheephead wrasse Semicossyphus darwini (Jennyns) (Perciformes: Labridae) from off northern Chile, we obtained representatives of three digenean species, Helicometrina nimia Linton, 1910 (Opecoelidae), Proctoeces humboldti George-Nascimento & Quiroga, 1983 (Fellodistomidae) and Labrifer secundus Manter, 1940 (Lepidapedidae)...
March 10, 2018: Systematic Parasitology
César Muñoz Castro, Sergio Pacheco Santibañez, Tomás Contreras Rivas, Nicolás Jarufe Cassis
INTRODUCTION: Gallbladder cancer (GBC) is a rare tumor in developed countries. Chile has one of the highest incidences worldwide. For patients affected by resectable T1b or more advanced GBC, radical cholecystectomy (RC) is considered the standard therapy. Our aim is to describe the surgical technique and clinical-pathological results of patients undergoing totally laparoscopic radical resection of GBC. METHODS: Patients undergo laparoscopic radical resection for primary and incidental GBC, between the years 2009 and 2016 in two centers from Chile...
March 8, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
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