keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Meal timing

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208806/orange-pomace-improves-postprandial-glycemic-responses-an-acute-randomized-placebo-controlled-double-blind-crossover-trial-in-overweight-men
#1
C-Y Oliver Chen, Helen Rasmussen, Alison Kamil, Peng Du, Jeffrey B Blumberg
Orange pomace (OP), a fiber-rich byproduct of juice production, has the potential for being formulated into a variety of food products. We hypothesized that OP would diminish postprandial glycemic responses to a high carbohydrate/fat breakfast and lunch. We conducted an acute, randomized, placebo-controlled, double blind, crossover trial with 34 overweight men who consumed either a 255 g placebo (PLA), a low (35% OP (LOP)), or a high (77% (HOP)) dose OP beverage with breakfast. Blood was collected at 0, 10, 20, 30, and 45 min and at 1, 1...
February 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208021/exercise-timing-and-blood-lactate-concentrations-in-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes
#2
Timothy D Heden, Ying Liu, Jill A Kanaley
The purpose of this study was to characterize how resistance exercise prior to or after a meal alters fasting and postprandial blood lactate concentrations in individuals with type 2 diabetes. Obese individuals with type 2 diabetes (N=12) completed three, 2-d trials including: 1) no exercise (NoEx), 2) resistance exercise prior to dinner (Ex-M), and 3) resistance exercise beginning 45-min postdinner (M-Ex). During day one of each trial fasting and postprandial blood lactate concentrations, perceived exertion, and substrate oxidation were measured, and subsequently on day two the following morning fasting blood lactate was measured...
February 16, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207856/biodiesel-production-potential-from-fat-fraction-of-municipal-waste-in-makkah
#3
K Shahzad, A S Nizami, M Sagir, M Rehan, S Maier, M Z Khan, O K M Ouda, I M I Ismail, A O BaFail
In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), millions of Muslims come to perform Pilgrimage every year. Around one million ton of municipal solid waste (MSW) is generated in Makkah city annually. The collected MSW is disposed of in the landfills without any treatment or energy recovery. As a result, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and contamination of the soil and water bodies along with leachate and odors are occurring in waste disposal vicinities. The composition of MSW shows that food waste is the largest waste stream (up to 51%) of the total generated MSW...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207756/structural-changes-on-a-molecular-basis-of-canola-meal-by-conditioning-temperature-and-time-during-pelleting-process-in-relation-to-physiochemical-energy-and-protein-properties-relevant-to-ruminants
#4
Xuewei Huang, Huihua Zhang, Peiqiang Yu
The objectives of this study were: (1) To investigate the effects of conditioning temperature (70, 80, 90°C), time (30, 60 sec), and interaction (temperature × time) during the pelleting process on internal protein molecular structure changes of the co-products; (2) To identify differences in protein molecular structures among pellets that were processed under different conditions, and between unprocessed mash and pellets; 3) To quantify protein molecular structure changes in relation to predicted energy and protein utilization in dairy cows...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204931/postero-inferior-pedicle-surgical-technique-for-the-treatment-of-grade-iii-gynecomastia
#5
Sophie Thiénot, Nicolas Bertheuil, Raphaël Carloni, Cécile Méal, Sylvie Aillet, Christian Herlin, Eric Watier
INTRODUCTION: Surgical treatment of Grade III gynecomastia generally utilizes mastectomy techniques and free transplantation of the nipple-areola complex. Moreover, with rising obesity rates and the development of bariatric surgery, an increasing demand for correctional surgery for pseudogynecomastia has been observed, which is comparable to Grade III gynecomastia in terms of its surgical management. Here, we describe an innovative technique to deal with these new demands: fascio-cutaneous flap by postero-inferior pedicle...
February 15, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204912/effect-of-food-on-the-bioavailability-of-palbociclib
#6
Ana Ruiz-Garcia, Anna Plotka, Melissa O'Gorman, Diane D Wang
PURPOSE: This phase I study estimated the effect of food on bioavailability of palbociclib (IBRANCE(®)), and a selective inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 approved for oncology indications has pH-dependent solubility and high permeability. METHODS: In this randomized, four-sequence, four-period crossover study, 28 healthy volunteers received a single 125-mg dose of palbociclib (free-base capsule) following an overnight fast or (1) after a high-fat/-calorie meal, (2) after a low-fat/-calorie meal, and (3) between two moderate-fat/standard-calorie meals...
February 15, 2017: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199923/assistance-at-mealtimes-in-hospital-settings-and-rehabilitation-units-for-patients-65years-from-the-perspective-of-patients-families-and-healthcare-professionals-a-mixed-methods-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Deborah Edwards, Judith Carrier, Jane Hopkinson
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is one of the key issues affecting the health of older people (>65years). With an aging population the problem is expected to increase further since the prevalence of malnutrition increases with age. Studies worldwide have identified that some older patients with good appetites do not receive sufficient nourishment because of inadequate feeding assistance. Mealtime assistance can enhance nutritional intake, clinical outcomes and patient experience. OBJECTIVES/AIM: To determine the effectiveness of meal time assistance initiatives for improving nutritional intake and nutritional status for older adult patients (>65years) in hospital settings and rehabilitation units...
January 30, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198565/training-nonnursing-staff-to-assist-with-nutritional-care-delivery-in-nursing-homes-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#8
Sandra F Simmons, Emily K Hollingsworth, Emily A Long, Xulei Liu, Matthew S Shotwell, Emmett Keeler, Ruopeng An, Heidi J Silver
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect and cost-effectiveness of training nonnursing staff to provide feeding assistance for nutritionally at-risk nursing home (NH) residents. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled trial. SETTING: Five community NHs. PARTICIPANTS: Long-stay NH residents with an order for caloric supplementation (N = 122). INTERVENTION: Research staff provided an 8-hour training curriculum to nonnursing staff...
February 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197550/sexually-dimorphic-risk-mitigation-strategies-in-rats
#9
Blake A Pellman, Bryan P Schuessler, Mohini Tellakat, Jeansok J Kim
The scientific understanding of fear and anxiety-in both normal and pathological forms-is presently limited by a predominance of studies that use male animals and Pavlovian fear conditioning-centered paradigms that restrict and assess specific behaviors (e.g., freezing) over brief sampling periods and overlook the broader contributions of the spatiotemporal context to an animal's behavioral responses to threats. Here, we use a risky "closed economy" system, in which the need to acquire food and water and the need to avoid threats are simultaneously integrated into the lives of rats, to examine sex differences in mitigating threat risk while foraging...
January 2017: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193647/piperaquine-population-pharmacokinetics-and-cardiac-safety-in-cambodia
#10
Pattaraporn Vanachayangkul, Chanthap Lon, Michele Spring, Sommethy Sok, Winita Ta-Aksorn, Chanikarn Kodchakorn, Sut-Thang Pann, Soklyda Chann, Mali Ittiverakul, Sabaithip Sriwichai, Nillawan Buathong, Worachet Kuntawunginn, Mary So, Theng Youdaline, Erin Milner, Mariusz Wojnarski, Charlotte Lanteri, Jessica Manning, Satharath Prom, Mark Haigney, Louis Cantilena, David Saunders
Despite rising resistance, dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine (DP) remains a first line therapy for uncomplicated malaria in many parts of Cambodia. While generally well-tolerated as a 3-day regimen, compressed 2-day regimens were associated with treatment-limiting cardiac repolarization effects in a recent clinical trial. To better estimate the risks of piperaquine concentration on QT interval prolongation, we pooled data from 3 randomized clinical trials between 2010 and 2014 in northern Cambodia. A population pharmacokinetic model was developed to compare exposure-response relationships between 2-day (2DP) and 3-day (3DP) regimens while accounting for differences in regimen and sample collection times between studies...
February 13, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191328/combination-of-nigella-sativa-and-honey-in-eradication-of-gastric-helicobacter-pylori-infection
#11
Fataneh Hashem-Dabaghian, Shahram Agah, Maryam Taghavi-Shirazi, Ali Ghobadi
BACKGROUND: Gastric Helicobacter pylori is extremely common worldwide. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of combination of Nigella sativa and honey (Dosin) in eradication of gastric H. pylori infection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Nineteen patients who had positive result for H. pylori infection by urea breath test (UBT) without a past history of peptic ulcer, gastric cancer or gastrointestinal bleeding, were suggested to receive one teaspoon of the mixture of Dosin (6 g/day of N...
November 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190890/c-peptide-baseline-and-postprandial-insulin-resistance-after-a-carbohydrate-rich-test-meal-evidence-for-an-increased-insulin-clearance-in-pcos-patients
#12
J Stassek, J Erdmann, F Ohnolz, F D Berg, M Kiechle, V Seifert-Klauss
Introduction Known characteristics of patients with PCOS include infertility, menstrual disorders, hirsutism and also often insulin resistance. These symptoms increase with increasing body weight. In the LIPCOS study (Lifestyle Intervention for Patients with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome [PCOS]) long-term changes of the PCOS in dependence on pregnancy and parenthood were systematically assessed. In the framework of the LIPCOS study, PCOS patients were given a standardised carbohydrate-rich test meal in order to examine glucose homeostasis and insulin secretion...
January 2017: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188231/diurnal-and-long-term-variation-in-plasma-concentrations-and-renal-clearances-of-circulating-markers-of-kidney-proximal-tubular-secretion
#13
Matthew B Rivara, Leila R Zelnick, Andrew N Hoofnagle, Rick Newitt, Russell P Tracy, Mario Kratz, David S Weigle, Bryan R Kestenbaum
BACKGROUND: The renal proximal tubule is essential for removing organic solutes and exogenous medications from the circulation. We evaluated diurnal, prandial, and long-term biological variation of 4 candidate endogenous markers of proximal tubular secretion. METHODS: We used LC-MS to measure plasma and urine concentrations of hippurate (HA), cinnamoylglycine (CMG), indoxyl sulfate (IS), and p-cresol sulfate (PCS) in 25 healthy adults. We measured plasma concentrations of secreted solutes at 13 time points over a 24-h period, and again after 2 weeks and 14 weeks of follow-up...
February 10, 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186864/within-day-baseline-variation-in-salivary-biomarkers-in-healthy-men
#14
Firman Prathama Idris, Yunxia Wan, Xi Zhang, Chamindie Punyadeera
Saliva is an easily accessible sample and offers practical and noninvasive biomarker solutions as an alternative to blood and urine-based diagnostics. Saliva contains a plethora of biomolecules such as nucleic acids, hormones, proteins, and electrolytes. On the other hand, little is known on the extent to which the biomolecules in saliva vary over time within a given person. This baseline information is crucial for future development of robust saliva-based diagnostics. We have collected unstimulated whole mouth saliva from 20 healthy young men at four times during the day, including before and after a meal...
February 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181386/impact-of-continuous-in-home-rehabilitation-on-quality-of-life-and-activities-of-daily-living-in-elderly-clients-over-1%C3%A2-year
#15
Miyuki Imanishi, Hisao Tomohisa, Kazuo Higaki
AIM: To verify the effect of in-home rehabilitation on quality of life and activities of daily living in elderly clients. METHODS: In this non-randomized controlled intervention trial, elderly participants were separated into a rehabilitation or a non-rehabilitation group (n = 100 each). The non-rehabilitation group received basic in-home nursing care, including assistance with cooking, cleaning, toileting, meals and medication. The rehabilitation group received a physical treatment program provided by a licensed professional once a week and basic nursing care in the home...
February 8, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181346/comparison-of-caudal-ropivacaine-morphine-and-paravertebral-catheter-for-major-upper-abdominal-surgery-in-infants
#16
Makoto Sato, Takafumi Iida, Chika Kikuchi, Tomoki Sasakawa, Takayuki Kunisawa
BACKGROUND: The caudal epidural block is one of the most commonly used regional anesthetic techniques in children. Administration of morphine via caudal injection enables analgesia, even for upper abdominal surgery. The thoracic paravertebral block has also been successfully used to treat perioperative pain during upper abdominal procedures in pediatric patients. AIM: In the current study, we compared the two regional techniques for upper abdominal surgery in infants to determine whether one of them was preferable to the other...
February 8, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179423/xanthine-dehydrogenase-1-silencing-in-aedes-aegypti-mosquitoes-promotes-a-blood-feeding-induced-adulticidal-activity
#17
Jun Isoe, Natthida Petchampai, Yurika E Isoe, Katrina Co, Stacy Mazzalupo, Patricia Y Scaraffia
Aedesaegypti has 2 genes encoding xanthine dehydrogenase (XDH). We analyzed XDH1 and XDH2 gene expression by real-time quantitative PCR in tissues from sugar- and blood-fed females. Differential XDH1 and XDH2 gene expression was observed in tissues dissected throughout a time course. We next exposed females to blood meals supplemented with allopurinol, a well-characterized XDH inhibitor. We also tested the effects of injecting double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) against XDH1, XDH2, or both. Disruption of XDH by allopurinol or XDH1 by RNA interference significantly affected mosquito survival, causing a disruption in blood digestion, excretion, oviposition, and reproduction...
February 8, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176219/large-buffering-effect-of-the-duodenal-bulb-in-duodenal-switch-a-wireless-ph-metric-study
#18
Z Bekhali, J Hedberg, H Hedenström, M Sundbom
INTRODUCTION: Bariatric procedures result in massive weight loss, however, not without side effects. Gastric acid is known to cause marginal ulcers, situated in the small bowel just distal to the upper anastomosis. We have used the wireless BRAVO™ system to study the buffering effect of the duodenal bulb in duodenal switch (DS), a procedure in which the gastric sleeve produces a substantial amount of acid. METHODS: We placed a pre- and a postpyloric pH capsule in 15 DS-patients (seven men, 44 years, BMI 33) under endoscopic guidance and verified the correct location by fluoroscopy...
February 7, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165618/experimental-comparison-of-efficacy-for-three-handfeeding-techniques-in-dementia
#19
Melissa K Batchelor-Murphy, Eleanor S McConnell, Elaine J Amella, Ruth A Anderson, Connie W Bales, Susan Silva, Angel Barnes, Cornelia Beck, Cathleen S Colon-Emeric
BACKGROUND: Nursing home (NH) residents who require assistance during mealtimes are at risk for malnutrition. Supportive handfeeding is recommended, yet there is limited evidence supporting use of a specific handfeeding technique to increase meal intake. OBJECTIVES: To compare efficacy of three handfeeding techniques for assisting NH residents with dementia with meals: Direct Hand (DH), Over Hand (OH), and Under Hand (UH). DESIGN: A prospective pilot study using a within-subjects experimental Latin square design with randomization to one of three handfeeding technique sequences...
February 6, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164463/impact-of-the-feedback-provided-by-a-gastric-electrical-stimulation-system-on-eating-behavior-and-physical-activity-levels
#20
Luca Busetto, Antonio J Torres, Salvador Morales-Conde, Isaias Alarcón Del Agua, Carlo Moretto, Paola Fierabracci, Giuseppe Rovera, Gianni Segato, Miguel A Rubio, Franco Favretti
OBJECTIVE: The closed-loop gastric electrical stimulation (CLGES) abiliti(®) system provides tailored gastric electrical stimulation activated by food entry into the stomach and sensor-based data to medical professionals. The aim of this study was to analyze behavior changes using sensor-based food intake and activity data in participants treated with the CLGES system. METHODS: Food intake and activity data (3D accelerometer) were downloaded at baseline and monthly/bimonthly for 12 months in a subset of patients with obesity (N = 45) participating in a multicenter trial with CLGES...
February 6, 2017: Obesity
keyword
keyword
22085
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"