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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781419/adherence-to-the-french-eating-model-is-inversely-associated-with-overweight-and-obesity-results-from-a-large-sample-of-french-adults
#1
Pauline Ducrot, Caroline Méjean, France Bellisle, Benjamin Allès, Serge Hercberg, Sandrine Péneau
The 'French Eating Model' characterised by structured meals and conviviality has received little attention, although it has been suggested as a potential explanation of the French paradox. This study aims at assessing the adherence to this model in French adults and whether it is associated with weight status. Eating behaviour and, in particular, number of meals per day, snacking frequency, meal time, meal duration, number of courses, position (standing, sitting), presence of others and pleasure experienced was assessed in 2014, in 47 219 participants of the NutriNet-Santé study...
May 21, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778511/observed-appetite-and-nutrient-intake-three-months-after-icu-discharge
#2
Lee-Anne S Chapple, Luke M Weinel, Yasmine Ali Abdelhamid, Matthew J Summers, Thu Nguyen, Palash Kar, Kylie Lange, Marianne J Chapman, Adam M Deane
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Oral intake is diminished immediately after ICU discharge, yet factors affecting nutritional intake after hospital discharge have not been evaluated. The aim of this study was to evaluate dietary intake and factors which may influence intake - appetite and gastric emptying - 3-months after ICU discharge. METHODS: Inception cohort study with ICU survivors compared to healthy subjects. Following an overnight fast, all participants consumed a standardized carbohydrate drink, containing 13 C-octanoic acid, to measure gastric emptying...
May 9, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777781/screen-related-parenting-practices-in-low-income-mexican-american-families
#3
Darcy A Thompson, Sarah J Schmiege, Susan L Johnson, Elizabeth A Vandewater, Richard E Boles, Ruth E Zambrana, Jerusha Lev, Jeanne M Tschann
OBJECTIVES: To (1) examine whether the Information, Motivation, and Behavioral Skills Model predicts maternal screen-related parenting practices and (2) evaluate the relationship of American Academy of Pediatrics(AAP)-recommended parenting practices with child television (TV) use behaviors. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 312 Spanish- and/or English-speaking female primary caregivers of Mexican descent with a child 3-5 years of age were recruited from safety-net pediatric clinics...
May 16, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777520/relationship-of-eating-patterns-and-metabolic-parameters-and-teneligliptin-treatment-interim-results-from-post-marketing-surveillance-in-japanese-type-2-diabetes-patients
#4
Takashi Kadowaki, Masakazu Haneda, Hiroshi Ito, Kazuyo Sasaki, Sonoe Hiraide, Miyuki Matsukawa, Makoto Ueno
INTRODUCTION: Healthy eating is a critical aspect of the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Disrupted eating patterns can result in poor glucose control and increase the likelihood of diabetic complications. Teneligliptin inhibits dipeptidyl peptidase-4 activity for 24 h and suppresses postprandial hyperglycemia after all three daily meals. This interim analysis of data from the large-scale post-marketing surveillance of teneligliptin (RUBY) in Japan examined eating patterns and their relationship with metabolic parameters and diabetic complications...
May 17, 2018: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776922/core-vs-diet-associated-and-postprandial-bacterial-communities-of-the-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss-midgut-and-feaces
#5
Eleni Mente, Eleni Nikouli, Efthimia Antonopoulou, Samuel A M Martin, Konstantinos Ar Kormas
This study investigated the impact of different dietary ingredients with different protein/lipid sources on the midgut and feaces bacteria communities structure just before feeding and 3h after feeding a single meal on rainbow trout ( Oncorhynchus mykiss ) individuals. Fish were kept in experimental rearing facilities and fed ad libitum two times daily for five weeks. Fish were fed three different commercial diets containing a higher marine fishmeal/fish oil and a lower marine fishmeal/fish oil content. DNA was extracted from midgut and faeces samples for the analysis of their bacterial 16S rRNA gene diversity by targeting the V3-V4 region with 454 pyrosequencing...
May 18, 2018: Biology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772844/leucine-supplementation-does-not-attenuate-skeletal-muscle-loss-during-leg-immobilization-in-healthy-young-men
#6
Evelien M P Backx, Astrid M H Horstman, Gabriel N Marzuca-Nassr, Janneau van Kranenburg, Joey S Smeets, Cas J Fuchs, Anniek A W Janssen, Lisette C P G M de Groot, Tim Snijders, Lex B Verdijk, Luc J C van Loon
BACKGROUND: Short successive periods of physical inactivity occur throughout life and contribute considerably to the age-related loss of skeletal muscle mass. The maintenance of muscle mass during brief periods of disuse is required to prevent functional decline and maintain metabolic health. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether daily leucine supplementation during a short period of disuse can attenuate subsequent muscle loss in vivo in humans. METHODS: Thirty healthy (22 ± 1 y) young males were exposed to a 7-day unilateral knee immobilization intervention by means of a full leg cast with (LEU, n = 15) or without (CON, n = 15) daily leucine supplementation (2...
May 17, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770453/determinants-of-wheat-noodle-color
#7
REVIEW
Craig F Morris
Noodles are a leading food in the world, and color is a key determinant of consumer acceptance. In this review the two prominent forms of wheat noodles are considered, white salted and alkaline. Many of the preparation and evaluation strategies are the same for both, with prominence placed on 'brightness' (L*) or a lack of discoloration (ΔL*), and the absence of 'specks'. All raw noodles darken over time. Increasing protein content of flours almost always translates into darker noodles. Greater discoloration is also associated with higher flour extraction rates, higher ash contents and higher starch damage...
May 16, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767425/increased-chewing-reduces-energy-intake-but-not-postprandial-glucose-and-insulin-in-healthy-weight-and-overweight-young-adults
#8
Montinee Borvornparadorn, Vasana Sapampai, Chunya Champakerdsap, Wipawee Kurupakorn, Suwimol Sapwarobol
AIM: This randomised cross-over design study aimed to investigate different chewing activities between healthy weight and overweight individuals and to determine the effect of chewing on energy intake and postprandial plasma glucose and insulin concentrations. METHODS: Forty-one participants were classified into healthy weight and overweight groups according to body mass index (BMI). In Phase I, bite size (g/bite), bite rate (bites/minutes), chewing frequency (chews/minutes) and chews (chews/g food) were recorded after a sandwich breakfast...
May 16, 2018: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763766/breakfast-food-health-and-acute-exercise-effects-on-state-body-image
#9
Jacqueline F Hayes, Grace E Giles, Caroline R Mahoney, Robin B Kanarek
Food intake and exercise have been shown to alter body satisfaction in a state-dependent manner. One-time consumption of food perceived as unhealthy can be detrimental to body satisfaction, whereas an acute bout of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise can be beneficial. The current study examined the effect of exercise on state body image and appearance-related self-esteem following consumption of isocaloric foods perceived as healthy or unhealthy in 36 female college students (18-30 years old) in the Northeastern United States...
May 10, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763445/pyrethroid-insecticides-maintain-repellent-effect-on-knock-down-resistant-populations-of-aedes-aegypti-mosquitoes
#10
Natalie M Bowman, Kristin Akialis, Grayson Cave, Roberto Barrera, Charles S Apperson, Steven R Meshnick
Pyrethroid-treated clothing is commonly worn for protection against mosquitoes; pyrethroids are both insecticides and repellents. Pyrethroid resistance has become increasingly common in Aedes aegypti, the vector of dengue, Zika, and other arboviruses, but it is not clear whether resistance is associated with reductions in repellency. In order to determine whether long-lasting permethrin impregnated (LLPI) clothing is protective, we used Aedes aegypti from New Orleans, LA (pyrethroid-sensitive) and San Juan, PR (resistant) to measure both lethality and repellency...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760179/time-restricted-feeding-prevents-ablation-of-diurnal-rhythms-in-gastric-vagal-afferent-mechanosensitivity-observed-in-high-fat-diet-induced-obese-mice
#11
Stephen J Kentish, George Hatzinikolas, Hui Li, Claudine A Frisby, Gary A Wittert, Amanda J Page
Mechanosensitive gastric vagal afferents (GVAs) are involved in the regulation of food intake. GVAs exhibit diurnal rhythmicity in their response to food related stimuli allowing time of day specific satiety signalling. This diurnal rhythmicity is ablated in high fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity. Time restricted feeding (TRF) has a strong influence on peripheral clocks. This study aimed to determine whether diurnal patterns in GVA mechanosensitivity are entrained by TRF.Eight-week old male C57BL/6 mice (N=256) were fed a standard laboratory diet (SLD) or HFD for 12wks...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759093/validation-of-a-novel-image-weighed-technique-for-monitoring-food-intake-and-estimation-of-portion-size-in-hospital-settings-a-pilot-study
#12
Kwabena T Ofei, Bent E Mikkelsen, Rudolf A Scheller
OBJECTIVE: Optimal nutrition for hospital patients is crucial and routine monitoring of patients' nutrient intake is imperative. However, personalised monitoring and customised intervention using traditional methods is challenging and labour-intensive, consequently it is often neglected in hospital settings. The present pilot study aimed to examine the reliability and validity of the Dietary Intake Monitoring System (DIMS) against the weighed food method (WFM). DESIGN: The DIMS 2...
May 15, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757527/life-history-of-two-abundant-populations-of-dipetalogaster-maximus-uhler-1894-hemiptera-reduviidae-triatominae-in-northwestern-mexico
#13
José Alejandro Martínez-Ibarra, Benjamín Nogueda-Torres, Anahí Citlalli Cárdenas-Barón, Oziel Dante Montañez-Valdez, Rafael Bustos-Saldaña, Karla Mirella Meillón-Isáis
We focused on the analysis of biological parameters of two different abundant populations of Dipetalogaster maximus (Uhler) (Hemiptera: Reduviidae: Triatominae) from northwestern Mexico. The biological parameters were related to hatching of eggs, life cycle, and meal needed for molting by each instar of two populations from environmentally similar areas (El Fandango and San Dionisio) with a similar number of available hosts as blood meal sources. The D. maximus populations from the two locations were evaluated and compared...
June 2018: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757447/humic-acid-and-enzymes-inclusion-in-canola-based-diets-generate-different-responses-in-growth-performance-protein-utilization-dynamics-and-hemato-biochemical-parameters-in-broiler-chickens
#14
A R P Disetlhe, U Marume, V Mlambo
The current study was conducted to investigate the effect of a humic acid and enzymes on growth performance, protein utilization, and blood parameters in broilers fed canola-based diets. Canola meal (CM) is characterized as low protein compared to soybean meal. Two-hundred-twenty broiler chickens were randomly allotted to the following 5 dietary treatments: 1. Control (commercial broiler diet); 2. CM (17.5% canola meal inclusion); 3. CMEnz (CM + 0.3 g/kg enzymes [Axtra XAP]); 4. CMPh (CM + 1.5% potassium humate, PH) and 5...
May 10, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753587/association-between-eating-time-interval-and-frequency-with-ideal-cardiovascular-health-results-from-a-random-sample-czech-urban-population
#15
A Maugeri, S Kunzova, J R Medina-Inojosa, A Agodi, M Barchitta, M Homolka, N Kiacova, H Bauerova, O Sochor, F Lopez-Jimenez, M Vinciguerra
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The frequency and timing of meals may affect cardiovascular health (CVH) outcomes, but large-scale epidemiological studies are lacking. The aim of this study was to understand the relationship between eating time interval and frequency, and measures of ideal CVH in the Kardiovize Brno cohort study, a random urban sample population in Central Europe. METHODS AND RESULTS: 1659 members of the Kardiovize Brno 2030 cohort were included in a cross-sectional study (mean age = 46...
April 18, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753467/effect-of-exogenous-amylase-on-lactation-performance-of-dairy-cows-fed-a-high-starch-diet
#16
Arturo S R Andreazzi, Marcos N Pereira, Ronaldo B Reis, Renata A N Pereira, Nilson N Morais Júnior, Tiago S Acedo, Rafael G Hermes, Cristina S Cortinhas
Exogenous amylase supplementation can increase starch and fiber digestibility in lactating dairy cows. We evaluated the effect of exogenous amylase supplementation on diets with high starch concentration (32% of dry matter). Twenty-eight Holstein cows (171 ± 80 d in milk, 4 primiparous) received a standard diet for 14 d and then a treatment for 63 d, in a covariate-adjusted randomized block design with repeated measures over time. Treatments were amylase [0.5 g of Ronozyme RumiStar (DSM Nutritional Products, Basel, Switzerland) per kg of total mixed ration dry matter] or control...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752802/factors-related-to-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-at-lunch-among-elementary-students-a-scoping-review
#17
Matthew M Graziose, Ian Yi Han Ang
INTRODUCTION: Few children consume the recommended amount of fruits and vegetables, and schools are a valuable setting for interventions, including programs such as the National School Lunch Program, to increase consumption. Previous research explored factors in this program that influence fruit and vegetable consumption. The objective of this scoping review was to identify, describe, and categorize studies that quantitatively measured the consumption of fruits and vegetables during the school lunch meal among US elementary school students...
May 10, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752345/randomized-outpatient-trial-of-single-and-dual-hormone-closed-loop-systems-that-adapt-to-exercise-using-wearable-sensors
#18
Jessica R Castle, Joseph El Youssef, Leah M Wilson, Ravi Reddy, Navid Resalat, Deborah Branigan, Katrina Ramsey, Joseph Leitschuh, Uma Rajhbeharrysingh, Brian Senf, Samuel M Sugerman, Virginia Gabo, Peter G Jacobs
OBJECTIVE: Automated insulin delivery is the new standard for type 1 diabetes, but exercise-related hypoglycemia remains a challenge. Our aim was to determine whether a dual-hormone closed-loop system using wearable sensors to detect exercise and adjust dosing to reduce exercise-related hypoglycemia would outperform other forms of closed-loop and open-loop therapy. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Participants underwent four arms in randomized order: dual-hormone, single-hormone, predictive low glucose suspend, and continuation of current care over 4 outpatient days...
May 11, 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749032/comparison-between-preprandial-versus-postprandial-insulin-aspart-administration-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-benefiting-from-insulin-pump-and-real-time-continuous-glucose-monitoring
#19
Philippe Thuillier, Emmanuel Sonnet, Zarrin Alavi, Nathalie Roudaut, Emmanuel Nowak, Angélina Dion, Véronique Kerlan
BACKGROUND: The objective was to compare glycemic control between pre- and post-prandial bolus administration (15min before (PRE) or immediately after the meal (POST)) in patients with type 1 diabetes using insulin pump and real time continuous glucose monitoring (RT-CGM). METHODS: Between September 2015 and February 2016, a single-centre, open randomized, two-way crossover study of patients on bolus insulin aspart administration was conducted during two 14-days periods and according to two administration regimen schedules(...
May 10, 2018: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746604/a-description-of-externally-recorded-womb-sounds-in-human-subjects-during-gestation
#20
Joanna J Parga, Robert Daland, Kalpashri Kesavan, Paul M Macey, Lonnie Zeltzer, Ronald M Harper
OBJECTIVE: Reducing environmental noise benefits premature infants in neonatal intensive care units (NICU), but excessive reduction may lead to sensory deprivation, compromising development. Instead of minimal noise levels, environments that mimic intrauterine soundscapes may facilitate infant development by providing a sound environment reflecting fetal life. This soundscape may support autonomic and emotional development in preterm infants. We aimed to assess the efficacy and feasibility of external non-invasive recordings in pregnant women, endeavoring to capture intra-abdominal or womb sounds during pregnancy with electronic stethoscopes and build a womb sound library to assess sound trends with gestational development...
2018: PloS One
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