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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444794/protection-of-protein-from-ruminal-degradation-by-alkali-induced-oxidation-of-chlorogenic-acid-in-sunflower-meal
#1
V Bongartz, C Böttger, N Wilhelmy, N Schulze-Kaysers, K-H Südekum, A Schieber
Lactating ruminants require an adequate supply of absorbable amino acids for the synthesis of milk protein from two sources, that is crude protein (CP) synthesized microbially in the rumen and ruminally undegraded CP (RUP) from feed which can both be digested in the small intestine. Several chemical and physical methods have been identified as being effective in increasing the proportion of RUP of total CP of a feedstuff, yet there is a continuing need for developing and establishing methods which protect feed protein from ruminal degradation with acceptable expenditure of labour and other costs...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444059/-anthropometric-profile-of-children-in-accordance-with-the-structure-of-daycare-centers
#2
Dixis Figueroa Pedraza
The scope of this article is to evaluate the structure of public daycare centers and the anthropometric profile of children in the city of Campina Grande in the State of Paraíba, Brazil. It is a cross-sectional study that involved 793 children attended in daycare centers. Information to describe the daycare centers were included (structure related to the capacity of demand and the processing power of school meals, reception system of children, location area) and the anthropometric status of the children (Height/Age, Weight/Height)...
April 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443026/short-term-effects-of-lupin-vs-whey-supplementation-on-glucose-and-insulin-responses-to-a-standardized-meal-in-a-randomized-cross-over-trial
#3
Kathrin Schopen, Ann C Ewald, Bernd W Johannes, Wilhelm Bloch, Jörn Rittweger, Petra Frings-Meuthen
Background: Whey protein is known to reduce postprandial glycaemia in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Lupin as a vegetable source of protein could be considered as an alternative, as the percentage of vegetarian and vegan consumers is raising. The present study compares the acute glycemic effects of whey and lupin in healthy volunteers following a carbohydrate-rich reference meal. Methods In cross-over design, three standardized meals (reference meal; reference meal + whey; reference meal + lupin) were provided to 12 healthy male and female volunteers, aged between 23 and 33, in a balanced, randomized order...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437029/the-men-s-eating-and-living-meal-study-calgb-70807-alliance-recruitment-feasibility-and-baseline-demographics-of-a-randomized-trial-of-diet-in-men-on-active-surveillance-for-prostate-cancer
#4
J Kellogg Parsons, John P Pierce, James Mohler, Electra Paskett, Sin-Ho Jung, Michael J Morris, Eric Small, Olwen Hahn, Peter Humphrey, John Taylor, James Marshall
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of performing national, randomized trials of dietary interventions for localized prostate cancer. METHODS: The Men's Eating and Living (MEAL) Study (CALGB 70807 [Alliance]) is a phase 3 clinical trial testing the efficacy of a high-vegetable diet to prevent progression in prostate cancer patients on active surveillance. Participants were randomized to a validated diet counseling intervention or a control condition. Chi-Square and Kruskal Wallis analyses were used to assess between-group differences at baseline...
April 24, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432007/caloric-compensation-in-preschool-children-relationships-with-body-mass-and-differences-by-food-category
#5
S Carnell, L Benson, E L Gibson, L A Mais, S Warkentin
Maintaining a healthy weight may involve compensating for previously consumed calories at subsequent meals. To test whether heavier children demonstrated poorer caloric compensation across a range of conditions, and to explore whether compensation failure was the result of inadequate adjustment of overall intake or specific over-consumption of highly palatable, high energy-density 'junk' foods, we administered two compensation tests to a sample of 4-5 y olds. For Test A, preloads varied only in carbohydrate content and were organoleptically indistinguishable (200 ml orange-flavored beverage [0 kcal vs...
April 18, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431146/response-of-broiler-chickens-fed-wheat-based-diets-to-xylanase-supplementation
#6
G Gonzalez-Ortiz, D Sola-Oriol, M Martinez-Mora, J F Perez, M R Bedford
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of xylanase supplementation on performance, footpad score (FPS), nutrient digestibility, and intestinal morphometry in broiler chickens. Two-hundred-eighty-eight Ross 308 broiler chicks (one d old) were placed in one of 3 experimental treatments: positive control (PC), negative control (NC) (-150 kcal/kg), and XYL (NC supplemented with xylanase). Each treatment had 8 replicates with 12 animals each. Starter (zero to 21 d) and grower (21 to 42 d) diets, based on wheat and soy-bean meal, were available ad libitum...
April 18, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431091/suppression-of-oral-sweet-taste-sensation-with-gymnema-sylvestre-affects-postprandial-gastrointestinal-blood-flow-and-gastric-emptying-in-humans
#7
Hideaki Kashima, Kohei Eguchi, Kanae Miyamoto, Masaki Fujimoto, Masako Yamaoka Endo, Nami Aso-Someya, Toshio Kobayashi, Naoyuki Hayashi, Yoshiyuki Fukuba
An oral sweet taste sensation (OSTS) exaggerates digestive activation transiently, but whether it has a role after swallowing a meal is not known. Gymnema sylvestre (GS) can inhibit the OSTS in humans. We explored the effect of the OSTS of glucose intake on gastrointestinal blood flow, gastric emptying, blood-glucose, and plasma-insulin responses during the postprandial phase. Eight participants ingested 200 g (50 g × 4 times) of 15% glucose solution containing 100 mg of 13C-sodium acetate after rinsing with 25 mL of 2...
May 1, 2017: Chemical Senses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429780/insulin-analogues-in-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-getting-better-all-the-time
#8
REVIEW
Chantal Mathieu, Pieter Gillard, Katrien Benhalima
The treatment of type 1 diabetes mellitus consists of external replacement of the functions of β cells in an attempt to achieve blood levels of glucose as close to the normal range as possible. This approach means that glucose sensing needs to be replaced and levels of insulin need to mimic physiological insulin-action profiles, including basal coverage and changes around meals. Training and educating patients are crucial for the achievement of good glycaemic control, but having insulin preparations with action profiles that provide stable basal insulin coverage and appropriate mealtime insulin peaks helps people with type 1 diabetes mellitus to live active lives without sacrificing tight glycaemic control...
April 21, 2017: Nature Reviews. Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427569/chronic-low-level-exposure-to-the-common-seafood-toxin-domoic-acid-causes-cognitive-deficits-in-mice
#9
Kathi A Lefebvre, Preston S Kendrick, Warren Ladiges, Emma M Hiolski, Bridget E Ferriss, Donald R Smith, David J Marcinek
The consumption of one meal of seafood containing domoic acid (DA) at levels high enough to induce seizures can cause gross histopathological lesions in hippocampal regions of the brain and permanent memory loss in humans and marine mammals. Seafood regulatory limits have been set at 20mgDA/kg shellfish to protect human consumers from symptomatic acute exposure, but the effects of repetitive low-level asymptomatic exposure remain a critical knowledge gap. Recreational and Tribal-subsistence shellfish harvesters are known to regularly consume low levels of DA...
April 2017: Harmful Algae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425167/continuous-subcutaneous-insulin-infusion-special-needs-for-children
#10
REVIEW
Peter Adolfsson, Ralph Ziegler, Ragnar Hanas
Continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) is a very common therapy for children with type 1 diabetes. Due to physiological differences they have other requirements for their insulin pump than adults. The main difference is the need for very low basal rates. Even though most available insulin pumps reach a high accuracy at usual basal rates, accuracy decreases for lower rates. In addition, the lowest delivered amount at 1 time is limiting the fine tuning of the basal rate as well as the option for temporary basal rates...
April 20, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423481/prevalence-of-gastric-motility-disorders-in-patients-with-functional-dyspepsia
#11
Haruki Asano, Toshihiko Tomita, Kumiko Nakamura, Takahisa Yamasaki, Takuya Okugawa, Takashi Kondo, Tomoaki Kono, Katsuyuki Tozawa, Yoshio Ohda, Tadayuki Oshima, Hirokazu Fukui, Kazuhito Fukushima, Shozo Hirota, Jiro Watari, Hiroto Miwa
Background/Aims: Gastric motility abnormalities have been considered to be pathophysiological features of functional dyspepsia (FD) that are closely related to dyspepsia symptoms, especially postprandial distress syndrome (PDS). The aims of this study are to (1) investigate the prevalence of gastric motility disorders and (2) evaluate the association between gastric motility abnormalities and dyspeptic symptoms using gastric scintigraphy in the PDS type of FD. Methods: Forty healthy subjects and 94 PDS type FD patients were enrolled in the study...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421793/effects-of-a-high-fat-meal-on-postprandial-incretin-responses-appetite-scores-and-ad-libitum-energy-intake-in-women-with-obesity
#12
Fernanda Rodrigues O Penaforte, Camila C Japur, Rosa W Diez-Garcia, Paula G Chiarello
BACKGROUND: Considering the possible role of triglycerides (TG), glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) in the regulation of appetite, this study aimed to compare high fat meal-induced response of GIP and GLP-1, appetite scores and ad libitum energy intake in women with obesity, according to postprandial increment in triglyceridemia (∆TG).  Methods: Thirty-three no-diabetic women (BMI = 35.0 ± 3.2 kg.m-2) were divided into two groups: Group with ∆TG ≤ median were called "Low TG change -LTG" and ∆TG > median, "High TG change - HTG"...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420547/types-and-characteristics-of-fish-and-seafood-provisioning-scripts-used-by-rural-midlife-adults
#13
Stephanie M Bostic, Jeffery Sobal, Carole A Bisogni, Juliet M Monclova
OBJECTIVE: To examine rural New York State consumers' cognitive scripts for fish and seafood provisioning. DESIGN: A cross-sectional design with in-depth, semistructured interviews. SETTING: Three rural New York State counties. PARTICIPANTS: Adults (n = 31) with diverse fish-related experiences were purposefully recruited. PHENOMENON OF INTEREST: Scripts describing fish and seafood acquisition, preparation, and eating out...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413997/differences-in-meal-patterns-and-timing-with-regard-to-central-obesity-in-the-anibes-anthropometric-data-macronutrients-and-micronutrients-intake-practice-of-physical-activity-socioeconomic-data-and-lifestyles-in-spain-study
#14
Aránzazu Aparicio, Elena E Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Javier Aranceta-Bartrina, Ángel Gil, Marcela González-Gross, Lluis Serra-Majem, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras, Rosa Maria Ortega
OBJECTIVE: To study the association of meal patterns and timing with central obesity to identify the best dietary strategies to deal with the increasing obesity prevalence. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study performed on data from a representative sample of the Spanish population. Height and waist circumference were measured using standardized procedures and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) was calculated. The sample was divided into those without central obesity (WHtR<0·5) and those with central obesity (WHtR≥0·5)...
April 17, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412825/family-dinner-frequency-is-inversely-related-to-mental-disorders-and-obesity-in-adolescents-the-caspian-iii-study
#15
Fahimeh Haghighatdoost, Roya Kelishadi, Mostafa Qorbani, Ramin Heshmat, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Gelayol Ardalan, Leila Azadbakht
PURPOSE: Family dinner is a proxy of family connectedness that may affect mental health. The present study aimed to examine the associations of frequency of family dinner with mental disorders and obesity in a nationally-representative sample of Iranian adolescents. METHODS: A total of 5528 Iranians adolescents aged 10-18 years were enrolled in 2009-2010 in the third survey of a national surveillance program, entitled Childhood and Adolescence Surveillance and Prevention of Adult Non-communicable disease (CASPIAN-III) study...
April 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412460/characterization-of-transcriptome-in-the-indian-meal-moth-plodia-interpunctella-lepidoptera-pyralidae-and-gene-expression-analysis-during-developmental-stages
#16
Pei-An Tang, Hai-Jing Wu, Hao Xue, Xing-Rong Ju, Wei Song, Qi-Lin Zhang, Ming-Long Yuan
The Indian meal moth Plodia interpunctella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) is a worldwide pest that causes serious damage to stored foods. Although many efforts have been conducted on this species due to its economic importance, the study of genetic basis of development, behavior and insecticide resistance has been greatly hampered due to lack of genomic information. In this study, we used high throughput sequencing platform to perform a de novo transcriptome assembly and tag-based digital gene expression profiling (DGE) analyses across four different developmental stages of P...
April 13, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412185/coexistence-of-risk-behaviors-for-being-overweight-among-brazilian-adolescents
#17
Nathália Luíza Ferreira, Rafael Moreira Claro, Sueli Aparecida Mingoti, Aline Cristine Souza Lopes
This study aimed to evaluate the magnitude of and the factors associated with the coexistence of risk behaviors for being overweight among Brazilian adolescents. This is a cross-sectional study with a representative sample of adolescents (mostly aged 13-15years) enrolled from public and private schools of Brazil in 2012. The co-occurring sedentary behavior and inadequate food consumption (regular intake of sugary and fried foods, and irregular consumption of fruits and vegetables-FV) was estimated using a Venn diagram...
April 13, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410751/mizagliflozin-a-novel-selective-sglt1-inhibitor-exhibits-potential-in-the-amelioration-of-chronic-constipation
#18
Toshihiro Inoue, Masaaki Takemura, Nobuhiko Fushimi, Yoshikazu Fujimori, Tomoya Onozato, Takao Kurooka, Tetsuya Asari, Hiroo Takeda, Mamoru Kobayashi, Hironori Nishibe, Masayuki Isaji
Chronic constipation is a highly common functional gastrointestinal disorder that adversely affects patient quality of life. At present, limited therapeutic options are available for the treatment of chronic constipation, which indicates the need for new therapeutic agents. Herein, we report the potential of mizagliflozin, a novel selective sodium glucose co-transporter 1 (SGLT1) inhibitor, for the amelioration of chronic constipation. Mizagliflozin's inhibitory activity against SGLTs was evaluated by an in vitro assay of cells transiently expressing SGLTs...
April 11, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403937/glucocorticoids-modulate-human-brown-adipose-tissue-thermogenesis-in-vivo
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Hannah Scotney, Michael E Symonds, James Law, Helen Budge, Don Sharkey, Konstantinos N Manolopoulos
INTRODUCTION: Brown adipose tissue (BAT) is a thermogenic organ with substantial metabolic capacity and has important roles in the maintenance of body weight and metabolism. Regulation of BAT is primarily mediated through the β-adrenoceptor (β-AR) pathway. The in vivo endocrine regulation of this pathway in humans is unknown. The objective of our study was to assess the in vivo BAT temperature responses to acute glucocorticoid administration. METHODS: We studied 8 healthy male volunteers, not pre-selected for BAT presence or activity and without prior BAT cold-activation, on two occasions, following an infusion with hydrocortisone (0...
May 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403206/persistent-weight-loss-with-a-non-invasive-novel-medical-device-to-change-eating-behaviour-in-obese-individuals-with-high-risk-cardiovascular-risk-profile
#20
Peter von Seck, F Martin Sander, Leon Lanzendorf, Sabine von Seck, André Schmidt-Lucke, Mirja Zielonka, Caroline Schmidt-Lucke
In evidence-based weight-loss programs weight regain is common after an initial weight reduction. Eating slowly significantly lowers meal energy intake and hunger ratings. Despite this knowledge, obese individuals do not implement this behaviour. We, thus tested the hypothesis of changing eating behaviour with an intra-oral medical device leading to constant weight reduction in overweight and obesity. Six obese patients (6 men, age 56 ± 14, BMI 29 ± 2 kg / m2) with increased CVRF profile were included in this prospective study...
2017: PloS One
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