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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299907/childcare-before-age-6-and-body-mass-index-at-age-7%C3%A2-years-in-a-cohort-of-danish-children
#1
S E Benjamin Neelon, C Schmidt Morgen, M Kamper-Jørgensen, E Oken, M W Gillman, J A Gallis, T I A Sørensen
BACKGROUND: Previous studies show inconsistent associations between childcare and obesity. AIMS: Our prior work demonstrated that childcare in infancy was associated with higher weight in a cohort of Danish children. Here, we extend this work and examine childcare through 6 years and body mass index (BMI) at age 7 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined 24 714 children in the Danish National Birth Cohort who were also in the Childcare Database...
March 15, 2017: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298760/the-effectiveness-of-intravenous-dexmedetomidine-on-perioperative-hemodynamics-analgesic-requirement-and-side-effects-profile-in-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-surgery-under-general-anesthesia
#2
Vinayak Panchgar, Akshaya N Shetti, H B Sunitha, Vithal K Dhulkhed, A V Nadkarni
BACKGROUND: There is an upward surge in the use of laparoscopic surgeries due to various advantages when compared to open surgeries. Major advantages are, due to small incisions which are cosmetically acceptable and most of them are now daycare procedures. Problem of economic burden and hospital bed occupancy has been overcome with laparoscopic surgeries. All these advantages are not free from disadvantages, as hemodynamic changes such as hypertension; tachycardia and other surgical-related complications are commonly observed intraoperatively...
January 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281473/stealth-surgery-subcutaneous-endoscopic-excision-of-benign-lesions-of-head-neck-and-trunk-in-children
#3
Veeramaneni Shravan Teja, Prakash Agarwal, Raj Kishore Bagdi
BACKGROUND: Subcutaneous endoscopic excision of benign lesions of the head, neck and trunk is a new dimension in paediatric minimally invasive surgery. This study is a case series where cases are operated endoscopically with minimal scars. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a prospective study where in 13 patients who underwent Stealth surgery were enrolled in this study. Factors such as intraoperative time, blood loss, intraoperative complications, postoperative recovery and appearance and placing of minimal scars at inconspicuous sites were taken into consideration...
April 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267795/the-cost-of-dementia-in-an-unequal-country-the-case-of-chile
#4
Daniel A Hojman, Fabian Duarte, Jaime Ruiz-Tagle, Marilu Budnich, Carolina Delgado, Andrea Slachevsky
We study the economic cost of dementia in Chile, and its variation according to socioeconomic status (SES). We use primary data from a survey of 330 informal primary caregivers who completed both a RUD-Lite and a socio-demographic questionnaire to evaluate the severity of dementia and caregiver's burden. The costs of dementia are broken into three components: direct medical costs (medical care, drugs, tests); direct social costs (social service, daycare); and indirect costs (mostly associated to informal care)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187723/erratum-to-perceived-effective-and-feasible-strategies-to-promote-healthy-eating-in-young-children-focus-groups-with-parents-family-child-care-providers-and-daycare-assistants
#5
Laura Vandeweghe, Ellen Moens, Caroline Braet, Wendy Van Lippevelde, Leentje Vervoort, Sandra Verbeken
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187054/effects-of-an-8-week-aerobic-dance-program-on-health-related-fitness-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#6
Shu-Li Cheng, Huey-Fang Sun, Mei-Ling Yeh
BACKGROUND: Both psychiatric symptoms and the side effects of medication significantly affect patients with schizophrenia. These effects frequently result in a sedentary lifestyle and weight gain, which increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and premature death. PURPOSE: This study developed an aerobic dance program for patients with schizophrenia and then evaluated the effect of this program on health-related fitness outcomes. METHODS: An experimental research design was used...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150460/the-amount-of-television-that-infants-and-their-parents-watched-influenced-children-s-viewing-habits-when-they-got-older
#7
Yu-Chan Chiu, Yi-Fan Li, Wen-Chi Wu, Tung-Liang Chiang
AIM: Excessive television (TV) exposure has negative impacts on a child's development, health and behaviour. This study examined the under-researched area of what impact infant and parental TV viewing during a child's infancy had on the child's later viewing habits. METHODS: Data on 18 577 babies born in 2005 were collected from the Taiwan Birth Cohort Study, a prospective longitudinal study of a nationally representative cohort. Group-based trajectory analysis was conducted to identify childhood TV viewing trajectories at 18, 36 and 66 months of age...
February 1, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139178/the-right-to-mourn-in-dementia-to-tell-or-not-to-tell-when-someone-dies-in-dementia-day-care
#8
Rakel Berenbaum, Chariklia Tziraki, Jiska Cohen-Mansfield
People with dementia (PwD) attending dementia day care often experience the death of others. Little research exists regarding whether PwD should be informed of the death, and if so, how? In this qualitative research, the authors explored, through semistructured interviews, the beliefs and practices of 52 staff members of adult day centers for PwD about these issues. Themes that emerged are that many staff members feel their clients have emotional capacity to mourn, despite their cognitive impairments. There are many different ways to tell PwD about the death of others...
January 31, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125296/an-adapted-walking-intervention-for-a-child-with-pitt-hopkins-syndrome
#9
Amanda Faith Casey, Vanessa Pickard, Claire Ullrich, Zachary MacNeil
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of a community-based adapted walking intervention on a child with Pitt Hopkins syndrome (PTHS). METHODS: A four-year old boy with PTHS participated in a 12-week intervention comprising five one-hour long walking sessions per week at a local daycare. Walking sessions used the Upsee mobility device (Firefly by Leckey Ltd., Ireland). Outcome measures included Goal Attainment Scaling and the Mobility Ability Participation Assessment...
January 26, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109501/the-clinical-examination-of-non-word-repetition-tasks-in-identifying-persian-speaking-children-with-primary-language-impairment
#10
Yalda Kazemi, Soodeh Saeednia
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the diagnostic accuracy of a non-word repetition (NWR) test in identifying Persian-speaking preschool children with specific/primary language impairment (PLI). Children with PLI show consistently poorer performance in non-word repetition tasks than their typically developing language (TDL) counterparts. It is assumed that the ability to repeat non-words triggers language skills and that the absence of this ability may be responsible for language impairment in PLI children...
February 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094873/effects-of-adding-whole-body-vibration-to-routine-day-activity-program-on-physical-functioning-in-elderly-with-mild-or-moderate-dementia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Freddy M H Lam, L R Liao, Timothy C Y Kwok, Marco Y C Pang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of whole-body vibration (WBV) added to a routine activity program on lower limb strength, balance, and mobility among community-dwelling individuals with mild or moderate dementia, compared with the routine program alone. METHODS: Fifty-four older adults (40 women; mean (SD) age: 79.8 (6.1) years) with mild or moderate dementia were recruited from two daycare centers. The participants were randomly allocated to undergo a routine day activity program combined with WBV training (WBV at 30 Hz, 2-mm peak-to-peak amplitude) or the routine program only without WBV for 9 weeks (18 sessions)...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088617/assessing-physician-productivity-following-norwegian-hospital-reform-a-panel-and-data-envelopment-analysis
#12
Karl Arne Johannessen, Sverre A C Kittelsen, Terje P Hagen
BACKGROUND: Although health care reforms may improve efficiency at the macro level, less is known regarding their effects on the utilization of health care personnel. Following the 2002 Norwegian hospital reform, we studied the productivity of the physician workforce and the effect of personnel mix on this measure in all nineteen Norwegian hospitals from 2001 to 2013. METHODS: We used panel analysis and non-parametric data envelopment analysis (DEA) to study physician productivity defined as patient treatments per full-time equivalent (FTE) physician...
January 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060195/quality-of-life-and-parental-worrying-in-a-national-cohort-of-biliary-atresia-children-living-with-their-native-livers
#13
Hanna Lampela, Mikko P Pakarinen, Timo Jahnukainen, Hannu Jalanko, Silja Kosola
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate health related quality of life (HRQoL) and parental distress in a national cohort of children with biliary atresia (BA) with their native livers in relation to BA complications and HRQoL of normal population controls. METHODS: We invited all Finnish children with BA surviving with their native livers at age 2-18 years to participate in 2009 and in 2014. Parents filled the PedsQL proxy questionnaire, a survey of their child's health and evaluated parental distress on a visual analogue scale from 0 to 7...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056905/determinants-of-chronic-otitis-media-with-effusion-in-preschool-children-a-case-control-study
#14
Rebecca E Walker, Jim Bartley, David Flint, John M D Thompson, Edwin A Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Chronic otitis media with effusion (COME) is a prevalent upper airway infection resulting in hearing loss. The aim of this research was to determine risk factors for COME in preschool children. METHODS: A case-control design was conducted in Auckland, New Zealand from May 2011 until November 2013. The cases were children aged 3 and 4 years referred for tympanostomy tube placement due to a diagnosis of COME (n = 178). The controls were a random sample of healthy children aged 3 and 4 years from primary care practices (n = 209)...
January 6, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052882/ethnic-differences-in-coeliac-disease-autoimmunity-in-childhood-the-generation-r-study
#15
Michelle A E Jansen, Sytske A Beth, Diana van den Heuvel, Jessica C Kiefte-de Jong, Hein Raat, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Menno C van Zelm, Henriette A Moll
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to identify whether ethnic differences in coeliac disease autoimmunity (CDA) in children at 6 years of age exist, and when present, to evaluate how these differences may be explained by sociodemographic and environmental factors. DESIGN: This study was embedded within a multi-ethnic population-based prospective cohort study. SETTING AND PATIENTS: 4442 six-year-old children born between 2002 and 2006 were included. Information on ethnicity, environmental and lifestyle characteristics was assessed by questionnaires...
January 4, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034615/alkylsulfonic-acid-phenylesters-ases-mesamoll-%C3%A2-in-dust-samples-of-german-residences-and-daycare-centers-lupe-3
#16
Hermann Fromme, Jan Schwarzbauer, Thomas Lahrz, Martin Kraft, Ludwig Fembacher
For decades, plasticizers have been produced in high quantities to improve the flexibility and durability of products. One possible replacement product is alkylsulfonic acid phenylesters (ASEs), marketed as Mesamoll(®). This study aimed to quantify the ASE dust contamination of residences and daycare centers to obtain insight into the recent exposure situation. ASEs were quantified in dust samples collected from 25 residences and 25 daycare centers using GC/MS measurements. Median (95th percentile) values of the sum of tetra- to heptadecylphenylesters are higher in daycare centers, with a value of 19...
December 23, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27972766/cost-variations-of-inpatient-daycare-and-outpatient-hysteroscopy-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-malaysia
#17
F H Shabaruddin, B S Chai, Y L Woo, M Dahlui
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957505/bacterial-colonization-and-antibiotic-resistance-in-a-prospective-cohort-of-newborn-infants-during-the-first-year-of-life
#18
Sharon B Meropol, Kurt C Stange, Michael R Jacobs, Judith K Weiss, Saralee Bajaksouzian, Robert A Bonomo
BACKGROUND: Infants are virtually sterile at birth and frequently use antibiotics; our objective was to (1) characterize the longitudinal colonization with bacterial pathogens and associated antibiotic resistance in a cohort of community-dwelling infants in Northeast Ohio and (2) describe longitudinal concurrent antibiotic and daycare exposures. METHODS: For 35 newborns, nasopharyngeal swabs were cultured for Streptococcus pneumoniae, anterior nasal for Staphylococcus aureus, and perirectal for extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Gram-negative enteric bacteria, at 3-month intervals for 12 months...
October 2016: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939255/outbreaks-of-invasive-kingella-kingae-infections-in-daycare-facilities-approach-to-investigation-and-management
#19
Pablo Yagupsky, Nawal El Houmami, Pierre-Edouard Fournier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938921/night-waking-trajectories-and-associated-factors-in-french-preschoolers-from-the-eden-birth-cohort
#20
Eve Reynaud, Anne Forhan, Barbara Heude, Blandine de Lauzon-Guillain, Marie-Aline Charles, Sabine Plancoulaine
Night waking in preschoolers has been associated with adverse health outcomes in cross-sectional studies, but has rarely been analyzed in a longitudinal setting. Therefore, little is known about the evolution of night waking in early childhood. The objectives of the present study were: to identify night-waking trajectories in preschoolers, and to examine the risk factors associated with those trajectories. Analyses were based on the French birth-cohort study EDEN, which recruited 2002 pregnant women between 2003 and 2006...
November 2016: Sleep Medicine
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