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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922307/safe-summers-adapting-evidence-based-injury-prevention-into-a-summer-curriculum
#1
Melody Schaeffer, Claire Cioni, Nicole Kozma, Catherine Rains, Greta Todd
BACKGROUND: Unintentional injury is the leading cause of death for those aged 0 to 19. St. Louis Children's Hospital created Safety Land, a comprehensive injury prevention intervention which is provided during summer months. This program uses a life-size board game to teach safety education to children in ages 5-11. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of Safety Land on safety knowledge in children that participated in the intervention. METHODS: St...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917503/food-reluctance-of-preschool-children-attending-daycare-centers-is-associated-with-a-lower-body-mass-index
#2
Véronique Surette, Stéphanie Ward, Pascale Morin, Hassan Vatanparast, Mathieu Bélanger
BACKGROUND: Food reluctance can present as fussiness, picky eating, slowness in eating, and high satiety responsiveness. It can be associated with inadequate weight gain during early childhood. Although a majority of preschoolers attend daycare centers, associations between their eating behaviors at daycare and their body composition have not been studied. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to develop an estimate of food reluctance and to assess the relationship between food reluctance at daycare and body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference of preschoolers...
September 14, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893013/effects-of-intraperitoneal-local-anaesthetics-bupivacaine-and-ropivacaine-versus-placebo-on-postoperative-pain-after-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-randomised-double-blind-study
#3
Neha T Das, Charulata Deshpande
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy (LC) is the most frequently performed elective daycare surgery and provision of postoperative pain relief is of importance. After laparoscopic cholecystectomy shoulder and abdominal pain causes considerable distress. Visceral pain during coughing, respiration and mobilization increases morbidity, hospital stay and costs. AIM: To compare the analgesic efficacy of intraperitoneally instilled equipotent concentrations of bupivacaine and ropivacaine versus placebo in relieving postoperative pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy when used as a part of multimodal analgesia...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884588/nutritional-assessment-of-snacks-and-beverages-in-southeastern-virginia-daycare-centers
#4
Krisha Nayak, Kristin Hunter, Jeremy Owens, John Harrington
This study sought to determine the nutritional quality of snacks and beverages provided at licensed daycare centers of variable sizes in Southeastern Virginia. This cross-sectional study employed self-report surveys about snack offerings administered at each daycare site that agreed to participate. In addition, researchers completed an observation survey on the day of visit to observe and document the food and beverages actually served at snack time. Although many daycare directors reported serving fresh fruit and vegetables for snacks, there was a poor correlation on the offering of these healthy snacks between researchers and directors ( P < ...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884450/illness-representations-of-pertussis-and-predictors-of-child-vaccination-among-mothers-in-a-strict-vaccination-exemption-state
#5
Rahul Garg, Abdulkarim Meraya, Pamela J Murray, Kimberly Kelly
Background Vaccine preventable diseases are making a comeback in the US. However, research is lacking on illness representations of vaccine preventable diseases and their application in improving childhood immunization. Objective We utilized the common sense model of self-regulation to examine illness representations of pertussis and their associations with child's receipt of any vaccine, up-to-date vaccination status, and mothers' intentions to follow the recommended vaccination schedule in the future. Methods We developed vaccine worry and vaccine hassles scales to assess mothers' worries and hassles for child vaccination, and used an open ended question to assess mother's illness representations of pertussis...
September 7, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882272/using-interactive-virtual-presence-to-support-accurate-installation-of-child-restraints-efficacy-and-parental-perceptions
#6
David C Schwebel, M Alison Tillman, Marie Crew, Matthew Muller, Anna Johnston
INTRODUCTION: Child restraint systems (car seats) reduce injury risk for young children involved in motor-vehicle crashes, but parents experience significant difficulty installing child restraints correctly. Installation by certified child passenger safety (CPS) technicians yields more accurate installation, but is impractical for broad distribution. A potential solution is use of interactive virtual presence via smartphone application (app), which permits "hands on" teaching through simultaneous and remote joint exposure to 3-dimensional images...
September 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877939/daycare-attendance-and-respiratory-tract-infections-a-prospective-birth-cohort-study
#7
Linnea Schuez-Havupalo, Laura Toivonen, Sinikka Karppinen, Anne Kaljonen, Ville Peltola
OBJECTIVE: We explored the burden of respiratory tract infections (RTIs) in young children with regard to day-care initiation. DESIGN: Longitudinal prospective birth cohort study. SETTING AND METHODS: We recruited 1827 children for follow-up until the age of 24 months collecting diary data on RTIs and daycare. Children with continuous daycare type and complete data were divided into groups of centre-based daycare (n=299), family day care (FDC) (n=245) and home care (n=350)...
September 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872813/development-and-validation-of-the-child-oral-health-impact-profile-preschool-version
#8
R R Ruff, L Sischo, C H Chinn, H L Broder
OBJECTIVE: The Child Oral Health Impact Profile (COHIP) is a validated instrument created to measure the oral health-related quality of life of school-aged children. The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a preschool version of the COHIP (COHIP-PS) for children aged 2-5. BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN: The COHIP-PS was developed and validated using a multi-stage process consisting of item selection, face validity testing, item impact testing, reliability and validity testing, and factor analysis...
September 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863388/children-s-exposure-to-brominated-flame-retardants-in-indoor-environments-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Eleftheria Malliari, Olga-Ioanna Kalantzi
The aim of this review is to present up-to-date research on children's exposure to brominated flame retardants (BFRs) in indoor environments. Large geographical variations were observed for all BFRs [polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDD), tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA)], with the highest concentrations of PBDEs measured in North America (BDE-47) and Europe (BDE-209), where higher concentrations of PBDEs are present in dust from houses, daycare centers and primary schools. In Asia the highest PBDE concentrations were measured in China, near e-waste recycling areas...
August 28, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859091/the-effect-of-a-movement-to-music-video-program-on-the-objectively-measured-sedentary-time-and-physical-activity-of-preschool-aged-children-and-their-mothers-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Pipsa P A Tuominen, Pauliina Husu, Jani Raitanen, Urho M Kujala, Riitta M Luoto
Regular physical activity (PA) and the avoidance of prolonged sitting are essential for children's healthy growth, and for the physical and mental wellbeing of both children and adults. In the context of exercise, music may promote behavioral change through increased exercise adherence and participation. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a movement-to-music video program could reduce sedentary behavior (SB) and increase PA in mother-child pairs in the home environment. A randomized controlled trial was conducted in the Pirkanmaa region, Finland, in 2014-2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832438/evacuation-decision-making-and-expanded-roles-of-adult-daycare-services-in-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-qualitative-analysis-using-semistructured-interviews
#11
Hiroko Mori, Yasuhiro Sugawara, Shuichi P Obuchi, Masaya Shimmei, Ryutaro Takahashi
CONTEXT: The roles of adult daycare services during disaster evacuations in the relationships with community resilience are unknown. The initial 72 hours after a disaster are crucial because people in the disaster area depend on their own efforts or the resources available at the moment until the arrival of external support. OBJECTIVE: To clarify the evacuation-related decision making of the administrators of adult daycare services within 72 hours after the Great East Japan Earthquake and to describe the roles of adult daycare services during the month following the earthquake...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826854/nasal-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-colonization-among-otherwise-healthy-children-aged-between-2-months-and-5-years-in-northern-taiwan-2005-2010
#12
Meng-Shan Tsai, Chih-Jung Chen, Tzou-Yien Lin, Yhu-Chering Huang
BACKGROUND: Community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) infections have been increasingly reported worldwide and are associated with nasal colonization. In Taiwan, available data disclosed a similar trend. We conducted a study for the updated childhood nasal MRSA carriage. METHODS: From July 2005 to December 2010, children aged between 2 months and 5 years who presented for a well-child health care visit to a medical center or from kindergarten/daycare center were invited and a nasal swab specimen was obtained for the detection of MRSA...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810150/occurrence-of-carbazoles-in-dust-and-air-samples-from-different-locations-in-germany
#13
Hermann Fromme, Wenying Mi, Thomas Lahrz, Martin Kraft, Bettina Aschenbrenner, Bianca Bruessow, Ralf Ebinghaus, Zhiyong Xie, Ludwig Fembacher
9H-carbazole is generated from incomplete combustion of diverse fossil fuels and biomass, in tobacco smoke and from industrial processes, while halogenated carbazoles have natural and anthropogenic sources. We analyzed 9H-carbazole and 14 halogenated carbazoles in dust samples from 14 schools, 13 daycare centers, and 13 residences, as well as 5 indoor air samples from residences in Munich, Germany. Overall, we present first data of various carbazoles in different indoor environments without visible combustion sources...
August 12, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766972/-coming-out-with-a-mental-disorder-in-japan-how-self-stigma-and-empowerment-affect-this-decision
#14
Kuniyoshi Nagai, Etsuko Kajita
When persons with mental disorders attempt to live independently in the community, they face situations where they must decide whether to disclose their disorder (i.e., "come out"), which will affect self-concept, self-stigma, and empowerment. We conducted a self-reported questionnaire among users of psychiatric daycare facilities (N = 150) to gather correlational data on these variables among others. Sixty-one percent had positive intentions to come out, which was influenced by affirmativeness and self-efficacy...
August 2, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766887/a-cost-analysis-of-individualized-asparaginase-treatment-in-pediatric-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#15
Robin Q H Kloos, Carin A Uyl-de Groot, Raphaële R L van Litsenburg, Gertjan J L Kaspers, Rob Pieters, Inge M van der Sluis
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) of asparaginase is necessary to respond to variability in asparaginase activity levels, detect silent inactivation, and distinguish between real allergies and allergic-like reactions with and without asparaginase neutralization, respectively. In this study, the costs of an individualized and fixed asparaginase dosing schedule were compared. PROCEDURE: Patients, treated according to the Dutch Childhood Oncology Group ALL-11 protocol (individualized PEGasparaginase treatment, starting dose: 1,500 IU/m(2) ) or ALL-10 protocol (native Escherichia coli asparaginase followed by 2,500 IU/m(2) PEGasparaginase), were included...
August 2, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747169/optimising-decision-making-on-illness-absenteeism-due-to-fever-and-common-infections-within-childcare-centres-development-of-a-multicomponent-intervention-and-study-protocol-of-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
K K B Peetoom, R Crutzen, J M H A Bohnen, R Verhoeven, H J M G Nelissen-Vrancken, B Winkens, G J Dinant, J W L Cals
BACKGROUND: Evidence has shown that children 0-4 year-old attending childcare are prone to acquire infections compared to children cared for at home, with fever being the most common symptom. Illness absenteeism due to fever and common infections is substantial and mostly driven by unrealistic concerns and negative attitude towards fever of both childcare staff and parents, resulting in illness absenteeism from childcare, work absenteeism among parents and healthcare service use. The objective of this study is to optimise decision making among childcare staff on illness absenteeism due to fever and common infections in childcare...
July 26, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718969/child-and-family-related-predictors-of-psychological-outcomes-in-children-adopted-from-abroad-what-is-the-role-of-caregiver-time
#17
Niina Rita, Marko Elovainio, Hanna Raaska, Pekka Lahti-Nuuttila, Jaakko Matomäki, Jari Sinkkonen, Helena Lapinleimu
International adoptees need to cope with stressful transitions and to develop secure attachment with their caregivers at the same time. Although most children adopted from abroad adjust fine, they are at increased risk of psychological problems. We investigated whether both child and family-related factors are associated with later psychological problems and whether the length of time spent at home after adoption before daycare moderates these associations among internationally adopted children in Finland (FinAdo, Finnish Adoption Study)...
August 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709556/intussusception-among-children-less-than-2years-of-age-findings-from-pre-vaccine-introduction-surveillance-in-pakistan
#18
Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Rozina Thobani, Saqib Hamid Qazi, Nasir Saddal, Catherine Yen, Negar Aliabadi, Syed Asad Ali
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus vaccination introduction in routine immunization is under consideration in Pakistan. Data on the baseline epidemiology of intussusception will inform surveillance strategies for intussusception after rotavirus vaccine introduction in Pakistan. We describe the epidemiology of intussusception-associated hospitalizations among children <2years of age in Karachi, Pakistan. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review for July 01, 2012 through June 30, 2015 at the National Institute of Child Health (NICH) and Aga Khan University Hospital (AKUH) Karachi...
July 11, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698695/canine-oral-papillomavirus-outbreak-at-a-dog-daycare-facility
#19
Heather E Lane, J Scott Weese, Jason W Stull
This report describes an outbreak at a dog daycare facility where 13 of 52 dogs developed suspected canine papillomavirus (CPV) infection. Based on contact tracing, subclinical CPV shedding was speculated. Active surveillance, exclusion of animals with active or recent infection and cohort formation may have been effective in stopping the outbreak.
July 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698344/the-involvement-of-physician-assistants-in-inpatient-care-in-hospitals-in-the-netherlands-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#20
Marijke J C Timmermans, Geert T van den Brink, Anneke J A H van Vught, Eddy Adang, Charles L H van Berlo, Kim van Boxtel, Weibel W Braunius, Loes Janssen, Alyssa Venema, Frits J van den Wildenberg, Michel Wensing, Miranda G H Laurant
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the cost-effectiveness of substitution of inpatient care from medical doctors (MDs) to physician assistants (PAs). DESIGN: Cost-effectiveness analysis embedded within a multicentre, matched-controlled study. The traditional model in which only MDs are employed for inpatient care (MD model) was compared with a mixed model in which, besides MDs, PAs are also employed (PA/MD model). SETTING: 34 hospital wards across the Netherlands...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
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