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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144244/modes-of-infant-feeding-and-the-risk-of-childhood-asthma-a-prospective-birth-cohort-study
#1
Annika Klopp, Lorena Vehling, Allan B Becker, Padmaja Subbarao, Piushkumar J Mandhane, Stuart E Turvey, Diana L Lefebvre, Malcolm R Sears, Meghan B Azad
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether different modes of infant feeding are associated with childhood asthma, including differentiating between direct breastfeeding and expressed breast milk. STUDY DESIGN: We studied 3296 children in the Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development birth cohort. The primary exposure was infant feeding mode at 3 months, reported by mothers and categorized as direct breastfeeding only, breastfeeding with some expressed breast milk, breast milk and formula, or formula only...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142039/risk-factors-associated-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-exposure-to-cigarette-smoke-and-air-pollution-from-pregnancy-to-disease-diagnosis
#2
Camila Maria Paiva França, Adriana Maluf Elias Sallum, Alfésio Luis Ferreira Braga, Fernando Louzada Strufaldi, Clovis Artur Almeida Silva, Sylvia Costa Lima Farhat
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate exposure to environmental factors inhaled during pregnancy and after birth until juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) diagnosis among residents of a large city. METHODS: This is an exploratory case-control study that consists of 66 patients with JIA and 124 healthy controls matched by age and sex, living in the São Paulo, Brazil, metropolitan area until JIA diagnosis, and whose mothers had resided in this region during pregnancy. A structured and reliable questionnaire (κ index for test-retest was 0...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133329/involvement-of-people-with-dementia-in-making-decisions-about-their-lives-a-qualitative-study-that-appraises-shared-decision-making-concerning-daycare
#3
Leontine Groen-van de Ven, Carolien Smits, Fuusje de Graaff, Marijke Span, Jan Eefsting, Jan Jukema, Myrra Vernooij-Dassen
OBJECTIVE: To explore how people with dementia, their informal caregivers and their professionals participate in decision making about daycare and to develop a typology of participation trajectories. DESIGN: A qualitative study with a prospective, multiperspective design, based on 244 semistructured interviews, conducted during three interview rounds over the course of a year. Analysis was by means of content analysis and typology construction. SETTING: Community settings and nursing homes in the Netherlands...
November 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126996/blastocystis-genetic-diversity-among-children-of-low-income-daycare-center-in-southeastern-brazil
#4
Ana Paula Oliveira-Arbex, Érica Boarato David, Semíramis Guimarães
Blastocystis, an unicellular anaerobic eukaryote, is known to be a very common intestinal parasite found in humans and animals fecal samples worldwide. Currently, there is an increasing interest to yield insights into its prevalence and diversity in human populations living in poor and deprived areas. In this study, we describe the prevalence and genetic variability of Blastocystis isolates obtained from daycare center attendees aged 0 to 6years and staff, as well as some children family members and their dogs in a low-income community in São Paulo State, Brazil...
November 7, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109659/amblyopia-in-children-analysis-among-preschool-and-school-children-in-the-city-of-tuzla-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#5
Amra Nadarevic Vodencarevic, Vahid Jusufovic, Meliha Halilbasic, Emina Alimanovic, Svjetlana Terzic, Emir Cabric, Aida Drljevic, Mufid Burgic
Aim: This study measured the prevalence of amblyopia in preschool and school children between 4 and 15 years of age in Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina and as well and to examine its relations with anisometropia and strabismus. Methods: Children from eight daycare centers and twenty four elementary schools were screened for amblyopia by volunteer personnel (medical students), any child who failed to pass the screening examination, was referred to the ophthalmologist for complete examination at University Clinic Center Tuzla...
September 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092884/breastfeeding-and-motor-development-in-term-and-preterm-infants-in-a-longitudinal-us-cohort
#6
Kara A Michels, Akhgar Ghassabian, Sunni L Mumford, Rajeshwari Sundaram, Erin M Bell, Scott C Bello, Edwina H Yeung
Background: The relation between breastfeeding and early motor development is difficult to characterize because of the problems in existing studies such as incomplete control for confounding, retrospective assessment of infant feeding, and even the assessment of some motor skills too early.Objective: We sought to estimate associations between infant feeding and time to achieve major motor milestones in a US cohort.Design: The Upstate New York Infant Development Screening Program (Upstate KIDS Study) enrolled mothers who delivered live births in New York (2008-2010)...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067946/can-post-operative-antibiotic-prophylaxis-following-elective-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-be-completely-done-away-with-in-the-indian-setting-a-prospective-randomised-study
#7
Vikram Singh Chauhan, P L Kariholu, Sabyasachi Saha, Himanshu Singh, Jasmine Ray
Premise and Objective: Elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) has low risk for post-operative infectious complications; still most clinicians use persistent post-operative prophylactic antibiotics out of habit, tradition, or simply as defensive practice due to evolving medicolegal implications of a large number of surgeries being showcased as daycare or next day discharge procedures. This randomised prospective trial was done to test the need for such prophylaxis in cases of elective LC in a rural/semi-urban setting...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032944/-observational-study-of-outpatient-unit-duration-of-stay-depending-on-the-route-of-administration-intravenous-vs-subcutaneous-for-a-targeted-therapy
#8
Frédéric Despiau, Yann Zagala, Jean-Pierre Delord, Marion Montastruc, Jean-Louis Lacaze, Régis Ferrand, Marie Bombail
New routes of administration available for some targeted therapies, especially subcutaneous injections, have an impact not only on the patients' daycare experience, but also on the unit's organization. This observational study conducted on 48 voluntary patients at the Institut universitaire du cancer Toulouse-Oncopole shows that the mean duration of the outpatient unit stay is diminished by one hour when a subcutaneous injection is used instead of an intravenous route. This duration decrease is mainly caused by an 82% average reduction in treatment duration...
October 2017: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992658/-the-pl%C3%A3-ner-model-for-the-school-entry-screening-is-a-role-model-for-the-future
#9
Josef Weigl
Background The Plöner Model is a stepwise-selective model, similar to the one practised in all of Bavaria since 2008. It was already developed in 2002/2003 for the school entry screening and has been in use since then. Such models are intermittently criticized since not each child is seen by a doctor. Methods The procedure and data of the Plöner Model are analyzed and put into a wider context within Germany and beyond. The current programs in place are therefore categorized into 3 groups and compared with regard to public heath ethics criteria...
October 9, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977296/agreement-between-measured-and-perceived-nutritional-status-reported-by-preschool-children-s-mothers
#10
Dixis Figueroa Pedraza, Carolina Pereira da Cunha Sousa, Ricardo Alves de Olinda
OBJECTIVE: To verify the agreement between nutritional status perceived by mothers and that diagnosed in preschool children, by providing the differences according to children's sex and age. METHODS: Study with data from a cohort of 269 preschool children assisted in public daycare centers of Campina Grande, Paraíba (Northeast Brazil). Children's information about their date of birth, sex and nutritional status (weight/stature Z scores) was collected. Furthermore, the mothers were asked about their perception of children's weight...
July 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977293/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-anemia-in-children-enrolled-in-daycare-centers-a-hierarchical-analysis
#11
Taiane Gonçalves Novaes, Andressa Tavares Gomes, Karine Chagas da Silveira, Elma Izze da Silva Magalhães, Cláudio Lima Souza, Michele Pereira Netto, Joel Alves Lamounier, Daniela da Silva Rocha
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and factors associated with anemia in children younger than five years old enrolled in public daycare centers in a city in southwestern Bahia, in the northeast of Brazil. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study that included a sample of 677 children enrolled in public daycare centers in Vitória da Conquista, Bahia, Brazil. A portable hemoglobinometer was used to measure hemoglobin. The concentration of <11 g/dL was considered the cutoff point for a diagnosis of anemia...
July 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961867/unmet-expectations-in-alzheimer-s-family-caregiving-interactional-characteristics-associated-with-perceived-under-contribution
#12
Sato Ashida, Christopher Steven Marcum, Laura M Koehly
Background and Objectives: Perceptions about family members not contributing enough to caregiving are documented to create psychological stress among caregivers. This study investigated whether individuals' perception that family members are under-contributing in caregiving processes was associated with their psychological well-being and explored the factors that may contribute to such perception borrowing concepts from a previous study: malfeasance, nonfeasance, and uplift. Research Design and Methods: Seventy-two members of 30 families recruited through residential and adult daycare settings provided information about 960 familial network members (e...
September 18, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956805/survey-of-health-and-social-health-services-for-people-with-dementia-methodology-of-the-italian-national-project
#13
Alessandra Di Pucchio, Teresa Di Fiandra, Fabrizio Marzolini, Eleonora Lacorte, SQoDS Group, Nicola Vanacore
People with dementia have special assistance needs. Worldwide problem is to ensure access to quality health services. Our study supported by the Italian Ministry of Health reports methodology features of a large survey project conducted to identify and to collect information on health and social health services for people with dementia in Italy. Among all Italian regions, about two thousand services available to individuals with dementia disease and their caregivers were identified. These services included memory clinics, daycare centers and residential care facilities, totally or partially covered by the public healthcare service...
July 2017: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954441/developmental-assessments-during-injury-research-is-enrollment-of-very-young-children-in-cr%C3%A3-ches-associated-with-better-scores
#14
Divya Nair, Olakunle Alonge, Jena Derakhshani Hamadani, Shumona Sharmin Salam, Irteja Islam, Adnan A Hyder
The Developmental Study is part of a larger intervention on "saving of lives from drowning (SoLiD)" where children were enrolled either into crèches (daycare centers) or playpens to prevent drowning in rural Bangladesh. Sampling ~1000 children between the ages of 9-17 months, we compared problem-solving, communication, motor and personal-social outcomes assessed by the Ages and Stages Questionnaire in the two interventions. After controlling for variables such as home stimulation in multivariate regressions, children in crèches performed about a quarter of a standard deviation better in total scores (p < 0...
September 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946848/a-modified-multilocus-sequence-typing-protocol-to-genotype-kingella-kingae-from-oropharyngeal-swabs-without-bacterial-isolation
#15
Nawal El Houmami, Janek Bzdrenga, Jean-Christophe Pons, Philippe Minodier, Guillaume André Durand, Anis Oubraham, Dimitri Ceroni, Pablo Yagupsky, Didier Raoult, Philippe Bidet, Pierre-Edouard Fournier
BACKGROUND: Outbreaks of Kingella kingae infection are an emerging public health concern among daycare attendees carrying epidemic clones in the oropharynx. However, genotyping of such epidemic clones from affected cases is limited by the low performance of current methods to detect K. kingae from blood samples and lack of specimens available from infected sites. We aimed at developing a modified multilocus sequence typing (MLST) method to genotype K. kingae strains from oropharyngeal samples without prior culture...
September 21, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942787/toddlers-with-type-1-diabetes-in-daycare-issues-with-administering-insulin-lessen-options
#16
Julie Halipchuk, Lindsay Sawatsky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942057/psychosocial-symptoms-in-very-young-children-assessed-for-sexual-abuse-a-qualitative-analysis-from-the-asac-study
#17
T F Vrolijk-Bosschaart, S N Brilleslijper-Kater, G A M Widdershoven, A H Teeuw, E Verlinden, Y Voskes, E M van Duin, A P Verhoeff, M de Leeuw, M J Roskam, M A Benninga, R J L Lindauer
Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a worldwide problem with serious consequences. No recognizable symptom pattern for suspected CSA has yet been identified in very young children. We aim to investigate psychosocial symptoms in a sample of children with confirmed or strongly suspected CSA and the interpretations given to such symptoms by independent clinical experts. Secondly we examined whether experts were able to identify confirmed victims of severe CSA. A qualitative study including inductive content analysis of medical files and focus group discussions with independent experts on the interpretation of psychosocial symptoms was conducted...
November 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931450/preschoolers-vocabulary-acquisition-in-chile-the-roles-of-socioeconomic-status-and-quality-of-home-environment
#18
Regina T Lohndorf, Harriet J Vermeer, Rodrigo A Cárcamo, Judi Mesman
Preschoolers' vocabulary acquisition sets the stage for later reading ability and school achievement. This study examined the role of socioeconomic status (SES) and the quality of the home environment of seventy-seven Chilean majority and Mapuche minority families from low and lower-middle-class backgrounds in explaining individual differences in vocabulary acquisition of their three-and-a-half-year-old children. Additionally, we investigated whether the relation between SES and receptive and expressive vocabulary was mediated by the quality of the home environment as the Family Investment Model suggests...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922307/safe-summers-adapting-evidence-based-injury-prevention-into-a-summer-curriculum
#19
Melody Schaeffer, Claire Cioni, Nicole Kozma, Catherine Rains, Greta Todd
BACKGROUND: Unintentional injury is the leading cause of death for those aged 0 years to 19 years. St. Louis Children's Hospital created Safety Land, a comprehensive injury prevention intervention which is provided during summer months. This program uses a life-size board game to teach safety education to children in ages 5 years to 11 years. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of Safety Land on safety knowledge in children that participated in the intervention. METHODS: St...
November 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917503/food-reluctance-of-preschool-children-attending-daycare-centers-is-associated-with-a-lower-body-mass-index
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Véronique Surette, Stéphanie Ward, Pascale Morin, Hassan Vatanparast, Mathieu Bélanger
BACKGROUND: Food reluctance can present as fussiness, picky eating, slowness in eating, and high satiety responsiveness. It can be associated with inadequate weight gain during early childhood. Although a majority of preschoolers attend daycare centers, associations between their eating behaviors at daycare and their body composition have not been studied. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to develop an estimate of food reluctance and to assess the relationship between food reluctance at daycare and body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference of preschoolers...
November 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
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