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Ruchi Goel, Smriti Nagpal, Sushil Kumar, Ravi Meher, Saurabh Kamal, Sonam Garg
PURPOSE: To evaluate and compare the success rate of transcanalicular laser-assisted dacryocystorhinostomy with endonasal augmentation, with and without intubation, in patients suffering from primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction, at 1 year of follow up. METHODS: A prospective, randomized interventional pilot study was conducted at a tertiary care center, in accordance with the guidelines of Declaration of Helsinki. Sixty eyes of 60 adult patients with primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction were included...
October 20, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Abby Li, Daniel Y Wang, Krista L Lanctôt, Ian Mitchell, Bosco A Paes
BACKGROUND: Respiratory syncytial virus hospitalization (RSVH) rates in children less than <2 years of age with hemodynamically significant congenital heart disease (HSCHD) are 2-4 fold higher compared with healthy term infants. Pediatric recommendations differ as to whether palivizumab is beneficial beyond 1 year of age. The objective was to determine whether differences exist in respiratory-related illness hospitalization (RIH) and RSVH in HSCHD infants receiving palivizumab during the first year versus second year of life in the Canadian Registry of Palivizumab (CARESS)...
October 6, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Jin Xiao, Yonghwi Moon, Lihua Li, Elena Rustchenko, Hironao Wakabayashi, Xiaoyi Zhao, Changyong Feng, Steven R Gill, Sean McLaren, Hans Malmstrom, Yanfang Ren, Robert Quivey, Hyun Koo, Dorota T Kopycka-Kedzierawski
INTRODUCTION: Candida albicans has been detected together with Streptococcus mutans in high numbers in plaque-biofilm from children with early childhood caries (ECC). The goal of this study was to examine the C. albicans carriage in children with severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) and the maternal relatedness. METHODS: Subjects in this pilot cross-sectional study were recruited based on a convenient sample. DMFT(S)/dmft(s) caries and plaque scores were assessed during a comprehensive oral exam...
2016: PloS One
Laura Vandeweghe, Ellen Moens, Caroline Braet, Wendy Van Lippevelde, Leentje Vervoort, Sandra Verbeken
BACKGROUND: The aim of the current study is to identify strategies to promote healthy eating in young children that can be applied by caregivers, based on their own perceptions of effectiveness and feasibility. Whereas previous research mainly focused on parental influences on children's eating behavior, the growing role of other caregivers in the upbringing of children can no longer be denied. METHODS: Four focus groups were conducted with three types of caregivers of post-weaning children under 6 years old: parents (n = 14), family child care providers (n = 9), and daycare assistants (n = 10)...
October 4, 2016: BMC Public Health
Sylvia Taylor, Pio Lopez, Lily Weckx, Charissa Borja-Tabora, Rolando Ulloa-Gutierrez, Eduardo Lazcano-Ponce, Angkool Kerdpanich, Miguel Angel Rodriguez Weber, Abiel Mascareñas de Los Santos, Juan-Carlos Tinoco, Marco Aurelio P Safadi, Fong Seng Lim, Marcela Hernandez-de Mezerville, Idis Faingezicht, Aurelio Cruz-Valdez, Yang Feng, Ping Li, Serge Durviaux, Gerco Haars, Sumita Roy-Ghanta, David W Vaughn, Terry Nolan
BACKGROUND: Better population data on respiratory viruses in children in tropical and southern hemisphere countries is needed. METHODS: The epidemiology of respiratory viruses among healthy children (6 months to <10 years) with influenza-like illness (ILI) was determined in a population sample derived from an influenza vaccine trial (NCT01051661) in 17 centers in eight countries (Australia, South East Asia and Latin America). Active surveillance for ILI was conducted for approximately 1 year (between February 2010 and August 2011), with PCR analysis of nasal and throat swabs...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Infection
M Sillanpää, D Schmidt
PURPOSE: To review the long-term outcome of epilepsy in population-based studies. METHOD: Analysis of population-based studies. RESULTS: About two of three patients with new-onset epilepsy will, in the long run, enter five-year terminal remission. Chances for remission are best for those with idiopathic or cryptogenic epilepsy. It is unclear whether the seizure outcome has improved over the last several decades. Social outcome, however, may have become better because of the improved level of knowledge on and public attitudes toward people with epilepsy, and possibly fewer prejudices at home, daycare, school, military and labor market...
September 9, 2016: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
Raquel Saccani, Nadia Cristina Valentini, Keila R G Pereira
INTRODUCTION: The lack of Brazilian norms restrains the use of the Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS) to precisely categorize infant motor development and discriminate infants with motor difficulties from typically developing infants. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated reference values for the AIMS for Brazilian infants. METHODS: Descriptive, cross-sectional study of infants from birth-to-18 months old. Trained professionals assessed infants in daycares, homes, and governmental health centers...
September 13, 2016: Infant Behavior & Development
Maayan Agmon, Amalia Sa'ar, Tal Araten-Bergman
BACKGROUND: Persons with disabilities (PWD) are one of the most marginalized groups in Western societies. These inequalities are manifested through various disadvantages in the psychosocial, cultural, and economic domains. Inspired by the World Health Organization's holistic conceptualization of disability, the present study examines the relation between the body and personhood in Israeli culture, through cases of newly diagnosed adults with disability. METHOD: Participant observation at a rehabilitation daycare center was carried out for a period of two years...
2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
Jong-Pill Kim, Jinhyang Yang
The purpose of this study was to develop a small-group-focused suicide prevention program for elders with early-stage dementia and to assess its effects. This was a quasi-experimental study with a control group pretest-posttest design. A total of 62 elders diagnosed with early-stage dementia who were receiving care services at nine daycare centers in J City Korea participated in this study. The experimental group participated in the suicide prevention program twice a week for 5 weeks with a pretest and two posttests The developed suicide prevention program had a significant effect on the perceived health status, social support, depression, and suicidal ideation of elders with early-stage dementia...
September 1, 2016: Geriatric Nursing
Young June Choe, Hoan Jong Lee, Hyunju Lee, Chi Eun Oh, Eun Young Cho, Jae Hong Choi, Hyun Mi Kang, In Ae Yoon, Hyun Joo Jung, Eun Hwa Choi
BACKGROUND: This study was performed to assess the serotype distribution and antibiotic nonsusceptibility of pneumococcal carriage isolates from children in Korea following the introduction of extended-valency pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs). METHODS: From April to June 2014, nasopharyngeal swabs were collected from children who were attending daycare centers in Korea. The collection was conducted in accordance with the World Health Organization Pneumococcal Carriage Working Group standards...
September 14, 2016: Vaccine
Elior Moreh, Sarah Israel, Maya Korem, Zeev Meiner
PURPOSE: To describe the rehabilitation treatment and outcome of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) in the context of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). METHOD: The medical history of two HIV-positive patients with PML was reviewed; information on their neurological impairments, rehabilitation treatment and outcome was gathered. RESULTS: The patients, a 47-year-old married man and a 34-year-old single man, both suffered from dense right hemiplegia and motor aphasia...
August 19, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Dixis Figueroa Pedraza
OBJECTIVE: To identify variables predictors of linear growth in preschool children attending public child day care centers of Campina Grande, Paraíba. METHODS: A cross-sectional study on a probabilistic sample of 335 children attending child day care centers. Were obtained information about socioeconomic, maternal and children's characteristics. The height/age (Z-score) was analyzed as continuous dependent variable. Anthropometric data were obtained in compliance with the recommendations of the World Health Organization...
April 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
Wendy J Pomerantz, Dawne Gardner, Michael A Gittelman
BACKGROUND: Safety equipment installed in the home can reduce pediatric injuries. The purpose of this study was to compare the proper use of home safety equipment installed by an injury prevention specialist to equipment installed by a family after distribution at a daycare. METHODS: A prospective study involving two daycare organizations from a high-risk community was performed. Both groups consisted of families with children 4 to 24 months old who received a packet containing: cabinet and drawer latches, carbon monoxide (CO) detector, magnetic phone list, and five other items...
October 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Amir Azarpazhooh, Herenia P Lawrence, Prakeshkumar S Shah
BACKGROUND: Acute otitis media (AOM) is the most common bacterial infection among young children in the United States. There are limitations and concerns over its treatment with antibiotics and surgery and so effective preventative measures are attractive. A potential preventative measure is xylitol, a natural sugar substitute that reduces the risk of dental decay. Xylitol can reduce the adherence of Streptococcus pneumoniae (S pneumoniae) and Haemophilus influenzae (H influenzae) to nasopharyngeal cells in vitro...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Minkyu Park, Yun Gyu Bang, Ky Young Cho
Our objective was to determine the risk factors associated with the development of functional constipation (FC) in young children attending daycare centers. A cross-sectional survey using a questionnaire based on the Rome III criteria was conducted in children aged 25 to 84 months from 3 randomly selected daycare centers in January 2016. The items in a questionnaire were statistically compared in the constipated and non-constipated groups. A total of 212 children were included and FC was found in 8.5%. Multivariate logistic regression analyses revealed that maternal history of constipation (odds ratio [OR] = 4...
August 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Emi Oishi, Satoko Sakata, Takuya Tsuchihashi, Mitsuhiro Tominaga, Koji Fujii
Objective The purpose of the present study was to assess the prevalence of orthostatic hypotension (OH) and elucidate its associations with the demographic characteristics and the prognosis in elderly subjects with dementia who visited a hospital for elderly daycare. Methods A total of 64 outpatients (44 females) with a mean age of 84±6 years who visited a hospital for daycare were enrolled in the study. The prevalence of OH and demographic characteristics were examined. Then, the subjects were followed up for 1 year...
2016: Internal Medicine
Thomas Parling, Martin Cernvall, Mia Ramklint, Sven Holmgren, Ata Ghaderi
BACKGROUND: No specific psychotherapy for adult anorexia nervosa (AN) has shown superior effect. Maintenance factors in AN (over-evaluation of control over eating, weight and shape) were addressed via Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT). The study aimed to compare 19 sessions of ACT with treatment as usual (TAU), after 9 to 12 weeks of daycare, regarding recovery and risk of relapse up to five years. METHODS: Patients with a full, sub-threshold or partial AN diagnosis from an adult eating disorder unit at a hospital were randomized to ACT (n = 24) and TAU (n = 19)...
2016: BMC Psychiatry
Betina Hebbelstrup Jensen, Christen R Stensvold, Carsten Struve, Katharina E P Olsen, Flemming Scheutz, Nadia Boisen, Dennis Röser, Bente U Andreassen, Henrik V Nielsen, Kristian Schønning, Andreas M Petersen, Karen A Krogfelt
Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) has been associated with persistent diarrhea, reduced growth acceleration, and failure to thrive in children living in developing countries and with childhood diarrhea in general in industrialized countries. The clinical implications of an EAEC carrier-status in children in industrialized countries warrants clarification. To investigate the pathological significance of an EAEC carrier-state in the industrialized countries, we designed a 1-year dynamic cohort study and performed follow-up every second month, where the study participants submitted a stool sample and answered a questionnaire regarding gastrointestinal symptoms and exposures...
2016: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
Miyuki Noguchi, Atsushi Mizukoshi, Yukio Yanagisawa, Akihiro Yamasaki
We measured temporal changes in concentrations of total volatile organic compounds (TVOCs) and individual volatile organic compounds in a newly built daycare center. The temporal changes of the TVOC concentrations were monitored with a photo ionization detector (PID), and indoor air was sampled and analyzed by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) to determine the concentrations of the constituent VOCs. The measurements were performed just after completion of the building and again 3 months after completion...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Hui Tong Wong, Tan Sien Hui, Aun Wee Chong
INTRODUCTION: Tonsillectomy is one of the most common procedures performed by Ear, Nose, and Throat surgeon. Usually, the procedure is carried out as an inpatient surgery. With the increasing need to reduce healthcare costs, spare precious hospital beds, and shorten elective surgery lists, there is currently a trend towards performing tonsillectomy on a daycare basis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective review of all tonsillectomies performed at the University Malaya Medical Center was undertaken for the year 2013...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
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