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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326406/-effect-of-visiting-and-a-smartphone-application-based-infection-prevention-education-program-for-child-care-teachers-a-non-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Yun Jeong Yang, In Soo Kwon
PURPOSE: This study was performed to develop an infection prevention education program for child care teachers and to verify its effects. METHODS: The study was conducted using a nonequivalent control group with a pretest-posttest design. Four private daycare centers (2 centers per city) that were alike in terms of the number of children by age, number of child care teachers, and child care environment were chosen. Participants were assigned to the experimental group (n=20) or control group (n=20)...
December 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318695/risk-factors-for-medication-errors-at-admission-in-preoperatively-screened-patients
#2
Marieke M Ebbens, Kim B Gombert-Handoko, Muhammad Al-Dulaimy, Patricia M L A van den Bemt, Elsbeth J Wesselink
BACKGROUND: Preoperative screening (POS) may help to reduce medication errors at admission (MEA). However, due to the time window between POS and hospital admission, unintentional medication discrepancies may still occur and thus a second medication reconciliation at hospital admission can be necessary. Insight into potential risk factors associated with these discrepancies would be helpful to focus the second medication reconciliation on high-risk patients. OBJECTIVE: To determine the proportion of POS patients with MEA and to identify risk factors for MEA...
January 10, 2018: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307584/establishing-normative-data-for-the-functional-dexterity-test-in-typically-developing-children-aged-3-5-years
#3
Joanie Tremblay, Sabrina Curatolo, Marine Leblanc, Cristina Patulli, Tiffany Tang, Vasiliki Darsaklis, Nathalie Bilodeau, Noémi Dahan-Oliel
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. INTRODUCTION: The Functional Dexterity Test (FDT) is a timed pegboard hand dexterity test. Normative data have been developed primarily in adults with some studies in the pediatric population. The present study will complement the existing pediatric data and make the FDT a stronger assessment for use in this population. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The primary aim of this study was to collect normative data in typically developing children aged 3-5 years in the Greater Montreal area; the secondary aim was to evaluate the intrarater and interrater reliabilities of the FDT...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279673/impact-of-preventive-care-orientation-on-caries-status-among-preschool-children
#4
Hisham Yehia El Batawi, Kausar Sadia Fakhruddin
Objective: This study aims to study the impact of preventive care orientation given to caregivers of child daycare centers on their knowledge and on the prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC) among preschool children. Materials and Methods: Caregivers of twenty child daycare centers in Emirate of Sharjah were interviewed and 435 children attending these centers were surveyed for decayed missing filled teeth (dmft). The sample data were analyzed using t-tests and one-way ANOVA to assess the statistical significance of the differences in dmft score found between groups...
October 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273135/complex-relationships-between-vitamin-d-and-allergic-sensitization-among-puerto-rican-2-year-old-children
#5
Srimathi Kannan, Matthew S Perzanowski, Harish B Ganguri, Dolores Acevedo-Garcia, Luis M Acosta, Molly Spatcher, Adnan Divjan, Ginger L Chew
BACKGROUND: In the United States, Puerto Ricans have a higher prevalence of asthma than other Latino ethnicities. Low vitamin D levels for children living in northern climates could be a factor. OBJECTIVE: To assess serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] distributions (a marker of vitamin D) and associations among vitamin D, allergic sensitization, early wheeze, and home/demographic factors. METHODS: Puerto Rican infants born in New York City, with a maternal history of atopy, were enrolled in a birth cohort...
January 2018: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227523/childhood-ingestions-of-environmental-toxins-what-are-the-risks
#6
Marissa Hauptman, Alan D Woolf
Infants and children are at higher risk than adolescents and adults for exposure to environmental toxins via ingestion for a number of reasons: their smaller size (and proportionately larger dose of ingested toxins), their closer proximity to the ground, dirt, and indoor dust, their boundless curiosity and oral exploratory behaviors, pica habits that may persist into school-age for children with autism or other developmental delays, their proportionately larger daily water and milk intake, and food preferences that differ markedly from adolescents and adults...
December 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218691/reliability-and-validity-assessment-of-administrative-databases-in-measuring-the-quality-of-rectal-cancer-management
#7
Carlo Corbellini, Bruno Andreoni, Luca Ansaloni, Giovanni Sgroi, Mario Martinotti, Ildo Scandroglio, Pierluigi Carzaniga, Mauro Longoni, Diego Foschi, Paolo Dionigi, Eugenio Morandi, Mauro Agnello
PURPOSE: Measurement and monitoring of the quality of care using a core set of quality measures are increasing in health service research. Although administrative databases include limited clinical data, they offer an attractive source for quality measurement. The purpose of this study, therefore, was to evaluate the completeness of different administrative data sources compared to a clinical survey in evaluating rectal cancer cases. METHODS: Between May 2012 and November 2014, a clinical survey was done on 498 Lombardy patients who had rectal cancer and underwent surgical resection...
December 5, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161208/power-that-builds-others-and-power-that-breaks-effects-of-power-and-humility-on-altruism-and-incivility-in-female-employees
#8
David J Yoon, Steven M Farmer
Building on the approach/inhibition theory of power and the situated focus theory of power, we examine the roles of positional and personal power on altruism and incivility in workplace dyads. Results from a field study in daycare centers showed that legitimate power (a dimension of positional power) was positively associated with incivility. In contrast, personal power-referent power and expert power-was positively associated altruism and was negatively associated with incivility. Referent power was a stronger predictor of both altruism and incivility for individuals with low humility than those with high humility...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159070/primary-cytomegalovirus-infection-in-immunocompetent-adults-in-the-united-states-a-case-series
#9
Nathanial Nolan, Umme-Aiman Halai, Hariharan Regunath, LPatrick Smith, Christian Rojas-Moreno, William Salzer
Primary Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is often not suspected as a cause of fever of unknown origin (FUO) in immune-competent adults. We present a case-series of symptomatic primary CMV infection in immunocompetent adults presenting as fever of unknown origin (FUO). All patients with CMV serology tested between November 2008 and June 2016 underwent chart review. Cases were defined as those between 18 and 65 years of age with documented fever and elevated serum anti-CMV IgM. Exclusion criteria were organ specific CMV disease, positive serum anti-EBV IgM, or presence of any immunocompromising condition...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144244/modes-of-infant-feeding-and-the-risk-of-childhood-asthma-a-prospective-birth-cohort-study
#10
Annika Klopp, Lorena Vehling, Allan B Becker, Padmaja Subbarao, Piushkumar J Mandhane, Stuart E Turvey, Diana L Lefebvre, Malcolm R Sears, Meghan B Azad
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether different modes of infant feeding are associated with childhood asthma, including differentiating between direct breastfeeding and expressed breast milk. STUDY DESIGN: We studied 3296 children in the Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development birth cohort. The primary exposure was infant feeding mode at 3 months, reported by mothers and categorized as direct breastfeeding only, breastfeeding with some expressed breast milk, breast milk and formula, or formula only...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142039/risk-factors-associated-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-exposure-to-cigarette-smoke-and-air-pollution-from-pregnancy-to-disease-diagnosis
#11
Camila Maria Paiva França, Adriana Maluf Elias Sallum, Alfésio Luis Ferreira Braga, Fernando Louzada Strufaldi, Clovis Artur Almeida Silva, Sylvia Costa Lima Farhat
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate exposure to environmental factors inhaled during pregnancy and after birth until juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) diagnosis among residents of a large city. METHODS: This is an exploratory case-control study that consists of 66 patients with JIA and 124 healthy controls matched by age and sex, living in the São Paulo, Brazil, metropolitan area until JIA diagnosis, and whose mothers had resided in this region during pregnancy. A structured and reliable questionnaire (κ index for test-retest was 0...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133329/involvement-of-people-with-dementia-in-making-decisions-about-their-lives-a-qualitative-study-that-appraises-shared-decision-making-concerning-daycare
#12
Leontine Groen-van de Ven, Carolien Smits, Fuusje de Graaff, Marijke Span, Jan Eefsting, Jan Jukema, Myrra Vernooij-Dassen
OBJECTIVE: To explore how people with dementia, their informal caregivers and their professionals participate in decision making about daycare and to develop a typology of participation trajectories. DESIGN: A qualitative study with a prospective, multiperspective design, based on 244 semistructured interviews, conducted during three interview rounds over the course of a year. Analysis was by means of content analysis and typology construction. SETTING: Community settings and nursing homes in the Netherlands...
November 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126996/blastocystis-genetic-diversity-among-children-of-low-income-daycare-center-in-southeastern-brazil
#13
Ana Paula Oliveira-Arbex, Érica Boarato David, Semíramis Guimarães
Blastocystis, an unicellular anaerobic eukaryote, is known to be a very common intestinal parasite found in humans and animals fecal samples worldwide. Currently, there is an increasing interest to yield insights into its prevalence and diversity in human populations living in poor and deprived areas. In this study, we describe the prevalence and genetic variability of Blastocystis isolates obtained from daycare center attendees aged 0 to 6years and staff, as well as some children family members and their dogs in a low-income community in São Paulo State, Brazil...
November 7, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109659/amblyopia-in-children-analysis-among-preschool-and-school-children-in-the-city-of-tuzla-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#14
Amra Nadarevic Vodencarevic, Vahid Jusufovic, Meliha Halilbasic, Emina Alimanovic, Svjetlana Terzic, Emir Cabric, Aida Drljevic, Mufid Burgic
Aim: This study measured the prevalence of amblyopia in preschool and school children between 4 and 15 years of age in Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina and as well and to examine its relations with anisometropia and strabismus. Methods: Children from eight daycare centers and twenty four elementary schools were screened for amblyopia by volunteer personnel (medical students), any child who failed to pass the screening examination, was referred to the ophthalmologist for complete examination at University Clinic Center Tuzla...
September 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092884/breastfeeding-and-motor-development-in-term-and-preterm-infants-in-a-longitudinal-us-cohort
#15
Kara A Michels, Akhgar Ghassabian, Sunni L Mumford, Rajeshwari Sundaram, Erin M Bell, Scott C Bello, Edwina H Yeung
Background: The relation between breastfeeding and early motor development is difficult to characterize because of the problems in existing studies such as incomplete control for confounding, retrospective assessment of infant feeding, and even the assessment of some motor skills too early.Objective: We sought to estimate associations between infant feeding and time to achieve major motor milestones in a US cohort.Design: The Upstate New York Infant Development Screening Program (Upstate KIDS Study) enrolled mothers who delivered live births in New York (2008-2010)...
December 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067946/can-post-operative-antibiotic-prophylaxis-following-elective-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-be-completely-done-away-with-in-the-indian-setting-a-prospective-randomised-study
#16
Vikram Singh Chauhan, P L Kariholu, Sabyasachi Saha, Himanshu Singh, Jasmine Ray
Premise and Objective: Elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) has low risk for post-operative infectious complications; still most clinicians use persistent post-operative prophylactic antibiotics out of habit, tradition, or simply as defensive practice due to evolving medicolegal implications of a large number of surgeries being showcased as daycare or next day discharge procedures. This randomised prospective trial was done to test the need for such prophylaxis in cases of elective LC in a rural/semi-urban setting...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032944/-observational-study-of-outpatient-unit-duration-of-stay-depending-on-the-route-of-administration-intravenous-vs-subcutaneous-for-a-targeted-therapy
#17
Frédéric Despiau, Yann Zagala, Jean-Pierre Delord, Marion Montastruc, Jean-Louis Lacaze, Régis Ferrand, Marie Bombail
New routes of administration available for some targeted therapies, especially subcutaneous injections, have an impact not only on the patients' daycare experience, but also on the unit's organization. This observational study conducted on 48 voluntary patients at the Institut universitaire du cancer Toulouse-Oncopole shows that the mean duration of the outpatient unit stay is diminished by one hour when a subcutaneous injection is used instead of an intravenous route. This duration decrease is mainly caused by an 82% average reduction in treatment duration...
October 2017: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992658/-the-pl%C3%A3-ner-model-for-the-school-entry-screening-is-a-role-model-for-the-future
#18
Josef Weigl
Background The Plöner Model is a stepwise-selective model, similar to the one practised in all of Bavaria since 2008. It was already developed in 2002/2003 for the school entry screening and has been in use since then. Such models are intermittently criticized since not each child is seen by a doctor. Methods The procedure and data of the Plöner Model are analyzed and put into a wider context within Germany and beyond. The current programs in place are therefore categorized into 3 groups and compared with regard to public heath ethics criteria...
October 9, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977296/agreement-between-measured-and-perceived-nutritional-status-reported-by-preschool-children-s-mothers
#19
Dixis Figueroa Pedraza, Carolina Pereira da Cunha Sousa, Ricardo Alves de Olinda
OBJECTIVE: To verify the agreement between nutritional status perceived by mothers and that diagnosed in preschool children, by providing the differences according to children's sex and age. METHODS: Study with data from a cohort of 269 preschool children assisted in public daycare centers of Campina Grande, Paraíba (Northeast Brazil). Children's information about their date of birth, sex and nutritional status (weight/stature Z scores) was collected. Furthermore, the mothers were asked about their perception of children's weight...
July 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977293/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-anemia-in-children-enrolled-in-daycare-centers-a-hierarchical-analysis
#20
Taiane Gonçalves Novaes, Andressa Tavares Gomes, Karine Chagas da Silveira, Elma Izze da Silva Magalhães, Cláudio Lima Souza, Michele Pereira Netto, Joel Alves Lamounier, Daniela da Silva Rocha
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and factors associated with anemia in children younger than five years old enrolled in public daycare centers in a city in southwestern Bahia, in the northeast of Brazil. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study that included a sample of 677 children enrolled in public daycare centers in Vitória da Conquista, Bahia, Brazil. A portable hemoglobinometer was used to measure hemoglobin. The concentration of <11 g/dL was considered the cutoff point for a diagnosis of anemia...
July 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
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