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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094873/effects-of-adding-whole-body-vibration-to-routine-day-activity-program-on-physical-functioning-in-elderly-with-mild-or-moderate-dementia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Freddy M H Lam, L R Liao, Timothy C Y Kwok, Marco Y C Pang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of whole-body vibration (WBV) added to a routine activity program on lower limb strength, balance, and mobility among community-dwelling individuals with mild or moderate dementia, compared with the routine program alone. METHODS: Fifty-four older adults (40 women; mean (SD) age: 79.8 (6.1) years) with mild or moderate dementia were recruited from two daycare centers. The participants were randomly allocated to undergo a routine day activity program combined with WBV training (WBV at 30 Hz, 2-mm peak-to-peak amplitude) or the routine program only without WBV for 9 weeks (18 sessions)...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088617/assessing-physician-productivity-following-norwegian-hospital-reform-a-panel-and-data-envelopment-analysis
#2
Karl Arne Johannessen, Sverre A C Kittelsen, Terje P Hagen
BACKGROUND: Although health care reforms may improve efficiency at the macro level, less is known regarding their effects on the utilization of health care personnel. Following the 2002 Norwegian hospital reform, we studied the productivity of the physician workforce and the effect of personnel mix on this measure in all nineteen Norwegian hospitals from 2001 to 2013. METHODS: We used panel analysis and non-parametric data envelopment analysis (DEA) to study physician productivity defined as patient treatments per full-time equivalent (FTE) physician...
January 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060195/quality-of-life-and-parental-worrying-in-a-national-cohort-of-biliary-atresia-children-living-with-their-native-livers
#3
Hanna Lampela, Mikko P Pakarinen, Timo Jahnukainen, Hannu Jalanko, Silja Kosola
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate health related quality of life (HRQoL) and parental distress in a national cohort of children with biliary atresia (BA) with their native livers in relation to BA complications and HRQoL of normal population controls. METHODS: We invited all Finnish children with BA surviving with their native livers at age 2-18 years to participate in 2009 and in 2014. Parents filled the PedsQL proxy questionnaire, a survey of their child's health and evaluated parental distress on a visual analogue scale from 0 to 7...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056905/determinants-of-chronic-otitis-media-with-effusion-in-preschool-children-a-case-control-study
#4
Rebecca E Walker, Jim Bartley, David Flint, John M D Thompson, Edwin A Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Chronic otitis media with effusion (COME) is a prevalent upper airway infection resulting in hearing loss. The aim of this research was to determine risk factors for COME in preschool children. METHODS: A case-control design was conducted in Auckland, New Zealand from May 2011 until November 2013. The cases were children aged 3 and 4 years referred for tympanostomy tube placement due to a diagnosis of COME (n = 178). The controls were a random sample of healthy children aged 3 and 4 years from primary care practices (n = 209)...
January 6, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052882/ethnic-differences-in-coeliac-disease-autoimmunity-in-childhood-the-generation-r-study
#5
Michelle A E Jansen, Sytske A Beth, Diana van den Heuvel, Jessica C Kiefte-de Jong, Hein Raat, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Menno C van Zelm, Henriette A Moll
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to identify whether ethnic differences in coeliac disease autoimmunity (CDA) in children at 6 years of age exist, and when present, to evaluate how these differences may be explained by sociodemographic and environmental factors. DESIGN: This study was embedded within a multi-ethnic population-based prospective cohort study. SETTING AND PATIENTS: 4442 six-year-old children born between 2002 and 2006 were included. Information on ethnicity, environmental and lifestyle characteristics was assessed by questionnaires...
January 4, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034615/alkylsulfonic-acid-phenylesters-ases-mesamoll-%C3%A2-in-dust-samples-of-german-residences-and-daycare-centers-lupe-3
#6
Hermann Fromme, Jan Schwarzbauer, Thomas Lahrz, Martin Kraft, Ludwig Fembacher
For decades, plasticizers have been produced in high quantities to improve the flexibility and durability of products. One possible replacement product is alkylsulfonic acid phenylesters (ASEs), marketed as Mesamoll(®). This study aimed to quantify the ASE dust contamination of residences and daycare centers to obtain insight into the recent exposure situation. ASEs were quantified in dust samples collected from 25 residences and 25 daycare centers using GC/MS measurements. Median (95th percentile) values of the sum of tetra- to heptadecylphenylesters are higher in daycare centers, with a value of 19...
December 23, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27972766/cost-variations-of-inpatient-daycare-and-outpatient-hysteroscopy-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-malaysia
#7
F H Shabaruddin, B S Chai, Y L Woo, M Dahlui
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957505/bacterial-colonization-and-antibiotic-resistance-in-a-prospective-cohort-of-newborn-infants-during-the-first-year-of-life
#8
Sharon B Meropol, Kurt C Stange, Michael R Jacobs, Judith K Weiss, Saralee Bajaksouzian, Robert A Bonomo
BACKGROUND: Infants are virtually sterile at birth and frequently use antibiotics; our objective was to (1) characterize the longitudinal colonization with bacterial pathogens and associated antibiotic resistance in a cohort of community-dwelling infants in Northeast Ohio and (2) describe longitudinal concurrent antibiotic and daycare exposures. METHODS: For 35 newborns, nasopharyngeal swabs were cultured for Streptococcus pneumoniae, anterior nasal for Staphylococcus aureus, and perirectal for extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Gram-negative enteric bacteria, at 3-month intervals for 12 months...
October 2016: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939255/outbreaks-of-invasive-kingella-kingae-infections-in-daycare-facilities-approach-to-investigation-and-management
#9
Pablo Yagupsky, Nawal El Houmami, Pierre-Edouard Fournier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938921/night-waking-trajectories-and-associated-factors-in-french-preschoolers-from-the-eden-birth-cohort
#10
Eve Reynaud, Anne Forhan, Barbara Heude, Blandine de Lauzon-Guillain, Marie-Aline Charles, Sabine Plancoulaine
Night waking in preschoolers has been associated with adverse health outcomes in cross-sectional studies, but has rarely been analyzed in a longitudinal setting. Therefore, little is known about the evolution of night waking in early childhood. The objectives of the present study were: to identify night-waking trajectories in preschoolers, and to examine the risk factors associated with those trajectories. Analyses were based on the French birth-cohort study EDEN, which recruited 2002 pregnant women between 2003 and 2006...
November 2016: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931743/a-longitudinal-study-of-emotion-regulation-among-sexually-abused-preschoolers
#11
Ariane Séguin-Lemire, Martine Hébert, Louise Cossette, Rachel Langevin
The aim of the present study was to investigate the evolution of emotion regulation competencies in sexually abused preschoolers. Children's emotion regulation abilities and their emotional lability and negativity were assessed shortly after disclosure of sexual abuse and one year later, and compared to those of non-abused children. A sample of 47 sexually abused (37 girls, 10 boys) and 74 non-abused children (54 girls, 20 boys), aged 3-7 years (M=56.83months; SD=9.55), participated in the study. Parents and daycare educators or teachers completed the Emotion Regulation Checklist (Shields & Cicchetti, 1997) and an adapted version of the History of Victimization Form (Parent & Hébert, 2006)...
January 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900394/-establishing-ward-independent-intensive-treatment-concept-in-a%C3%A2-psychiatric-hospital-a%C3%A2-model-project-within-the-new-german-remuneration-system
#12
M Noeker, G Juckel
Model projects according to § 64b of the Social Code V in the context of the new remuneration system in psychiatry and psychosomatics, offer great possibilities to improve the treatment of people with mental illnesses. This article presents the model project of the University Hospital Bochum, which is essentially characterized by improved transition through the internal hospital sections so that patients can be quickly transferred from inpatient and daycare sections to high frequency outpatient sections with ward-independent therapies (SUL), including outreach home treatment...
November 29, 2016: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898687/effects-of-chronologic-age-and-young-child-exposure-on-respiratory-syncytial-virus-disease-among-us-preterm-infants-born-at-32-to-35-weeks-gestation
#13
Eric A F Simões, Evan J Anderson, Xionghua Wu, Christopher S Ambrose
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) disease as a function of chronologic age and exposure to young children in US preterm infants. METHODS: In the RSV Respiratory Events among Preterm Infants Outcomes and Risk Tracking (REPORT) study, preterm infants born at 32-35 weeks gestational age (wGA) were enrolled from 188 US clinics and followed September-May of 2009-2010 or 2010-2011. Infants with medically-attended acute respiratory illness had nasal/pharyngeal swabs collected for viral testing...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880812/quantifying-risk-for-anxiety-disorders-in-preschool-children-a-machine-learning-approach
#14
Kimberly L H Carpenter, Pablo Sprechmann, Robert Calderbank, Guillermo Sapiro, Helen L Egger
Early childhood anxiety disorders are common, impairing, and predictive of anxiety and mood disorders later in childhood. Epidemiological studies over the last decade find that the prevalence of impairing anxiety disorders in preschool children ranges from 0.3% to 6.5%. Yet, less than 15% of young children with an impairing anxiety disorder receive a mental health evaluation or treatment. One possible reason for the low rate of care for anxious preschoolers is the lack of affordable, timely, reliable and valid tools for identifying young children with clinically significant anxiety...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870813/acute-otitis-media-during-infancy-parent-reported-incidence-and-modifiable-risk-factors
#15
Annemarijn C Prins-van Ginkel, Patricia C J Bruijning-Verhagen, Cuno S P M Uiterwaal, Cornelis K van der Ent, Henriette A Smit, Marieke L A de Hoog
BACKGROUND: Age at exposure to acute otitis media (AOM) risk factors such as daycare attendance, lack of breastfeeding and tobacco smoke is little studied but important for targeting AOM prevention strategies. Moreover, studies are typically restricted to clinically diagnosed AOM, while a significant subset can occur outside the healthcare system, depending on the country-setting. This study aims to determine risk factor exposure and effect of its timing within the first year of life on parent-reported AOM symptom episodes...
November 18, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842733/timing-of-unplanned-admission-following-daycare-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#16
N Seyednejad, M Goecke, D E Konkin
BACKGROUND: Outpatient laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the treatment of choice for symptomatic biliary colic. There is controversy regarding the optimal candidate, and postoperative observation time for patients receiving daycare laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: A retrospective, multi-centred, case-control chart review was performed from January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2011 on consecutive patients undergoing planned laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Patient demographics, surgical details, and postoperative details were analyzed...
November 5, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814797/professional-practices-and-opinions-about-services-available-to-bilingual-children-with-developmental-disabilities-an-international-study
#17
Stefka H Marinova-Todd, Paola Colozzo, Pat Mirenda, Hillary Stahl, Elizabeth Kay-Raining Bird, Karisa Parkington, Kate Cain, Julia Scherba de Valenzuela, Eliane Segers, Andrea A N MacLeod, Fred Genesee
This study aimed to gather information from school- and clinic-based professionals about their practices and opinions pertaining to the provision of bilingual supports to students with developmental disabilities. Using an online survey, data were collected in six socio-culturally and linguistically diverse locations across four countries: the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, and the Netherlands. In total, 361 surveys were included in the analysis from respondents who were primarily teachers and speech-language pathologists working in schools, daycares/preschools, or community-based clinics...
September 2016: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812804/paediatric-antibiotic-prescriptions-in-primary-care-in-the-alpes-maritimes-area-of-southeastern-france-between-2008-and-2013
#18
P Touboul-Lundgren, P Bruno, L Bailly, B Dunais, C Pradier
France has remained among the top five European countries for ambulatory antibiotic consumption since such monitoring began in 1998. Young children are major antibiotic consumers, in spite of the viral origin of most infections in this population. Recommendations were updated in 2011 to limit prescriptions. In order to assess their impact, diagnoses and prescriptions were compared in a population of children attending daycare centres in southeastern France in 2008 and 2012. Trends in the reimbursement of paediatric antibiotic prescriptions by the national health insurance (NHI) for the whole area were also studied...
November 3, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804116/the-impact-of-critical-event-checklists-on-medical-management-and-teamwork-during-simulated-crises-in-a-surgical-daycare-facility
#19
T C Everett, P J Morgan, R Brydges, M Kurrek, D Tregunno, L Cunningham, A Chan, D Forde, J Tarshis
Although the incidence of major adverse events in surgical daycare centres is low, these critical events may not be managed optimally due to the absence of resources that exist in larger hospitals. We aimed to study the impact of operating theatre critical event checklists on medical management and teamwork during whole-team operating theatre crisis simulations staged in a surgical daycare facility. We studied 56 simulation encounters (without and with a checklist available) divided between an initial session and then a retention session several months later...
November 2, 2016: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798551/risk-factors-for-virus-induced-acute-respiratory-tract-infections-in-children-younger-than-3-years-and-recurrent-wheezing-at-36-months-follow-up-after-discharge
#20
Ambra Nicolai, Antonella Frassanito, Raffaella Nenna, Giulia Cangiano, Laura Petrarca, Paola Papoff, Alessandra Pierangeli, Carolina Scagnolari, Corrado Moretti, Fabio Midulla
BACKGROUND: We sought to know more about how 14 common respiratory viruses manifest clinically, and to identify risk factors for specific virus-induced acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs) in children younger than 3 years and for wheezing at 36-months follow-up. METHODS: We retrospectively studied the clinical records for 273 full-term children (median age, 2.9 months, range 0.26-39, boys 61.2%) hospitalized for ARTIs whose nasopharyngeal specimen tested positive for a respiratory virus and 101 children with no history of respiratory diseases (median age, 8 months, range: 0...
October 27, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
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