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Natasha Slhessarenko, Cor J F Fontes, Maria Eduarda S F Barreto, Raymundo S Azevedo, Adagmar Andriolo
OBJECTIVE: To determine decision limits (DL) for total cholesterol (TC), LDL-cholesterol (LDL-c), non-HDL cholesterol (NHDL-c), HDL-cholesterol (HDL-c), and triglycerides (TG) in healthy children and adolescents from Cuiabá, Brazil. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 1866 healthy children and adolescents randomly selected from daycare centers and public schools in Cuiabá. The desirable levels of serum lipids were defined using the classic criteria, i...
March 8, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Jeonghoon Kim, Eunsun Lee, Kiyoung Lee, KyooSang Kim
Introduction: Secondhand smoke (SHS) incursion can occur in units of multi-unit housing (MUH). The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between SHS incursion and allergic symptoms in children living in MUH without smokers. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study from May to September 2015 in Seoul, Korea. Children were recruited from elementary schools, kindergartens, and daycare centers. In total, 16676 children between 1 and 13 years of age living in MUH without smokers were included in the analysis...
March 6, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Naohisa Yoshida, Yuji Naito, Takaaki Murakami, Kiyoshi Ogiso, Ryohei Hirose, Yutaka Inada, Mitsuo Kishimoto, Rafiz Abdul Rani, Yoshito Itoh
Cold snare polypectomy (CSP) should be performed for benign lesions, though an accurate diagnosis is sometimes difficult with only white light observation. Irregular findings by narrow-band imaging (NBI) are useful for differentiating malignant lesions from benign lesions, and cases with this finding are not expected for CSP. We present a diminutive T1 cancer resected by CSP as a reflection case. A 68-year-old man underwent colonoscopy for surveillance after polypectomy. A reddish polyp 4 mm in size was detected at the rectum...
January 2018: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
Koki Kawamura, Chikako Kato, Izumi Kondo
PURPOSE: We examined the factors related to life space and changes in the care level after one year in daycare center users. METHODS: The participants were 83 older adults (age, > 65 years; mean age, 79.5±6.8 years) with MMSE scores of ≥20, who could walk independently, who needed support (1-2) or care (1), and who underwent rehabilitation at a daycare center. The life space was evaluated by the Life Space Assessment (LSA). The subjects' basic information (i...
2018: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
Juan Manuel Vélez, Rosa García, Enrique Pina, Cristóbal Morales, Carmen Escalera, Antonio Ortega, Blas Poyatos, Dolores Carrasco, Jesús Prieto, M Ángeles Eslava, J Antonio Corrales, María O Barón, Mercedes Llano, Francisco Ruiz, Romualdo Sánchez, Manuel Victorino Pino, M Luisa Redondo, Antonio Castellanos, Eduardo Mayoral
INTRODUCTION: The assessment of the Diabetes Mellitus 2 Care Process (PAI-DM2) through the assessment tool for the chronic illness' care models (IEMAC-Diabetes) allows the design of health interventions for the improvement of medical care. OBJECTIVE: Analysing the quality of healthcare provided to DM2 patients. DESIGN: Quasiexperimental study before and after intervention with a not randomised control group. LOCATION: Health care district of primary care Sevilla...
February 21, 2018: Atencion Primaria
Mark C Navin, Andrea T Kozak, Emily C Clark
BACKGROUND: In 2015, Michigan implemented an education requirement for parents who requested nonmedical exemptions from school or daycare immunization mandates. Michigan required parents to receive education from public health staff, unlike other states, whose vaccine education requirements could be completed online or at physicians' offices. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Results of focus group interviews with 39 of Michigan's vaccine waiver educators, conducted during 2016 and 2017, were analyzed to identify themes describing educators' experiences of waiver education...
February 20, 2018: Vaccine
Stéphane Darbeda, Bruno Falissard, Massimiliano Orri, Caroline Barry, Maria Melchior, Pierre Chauvin, Stéphanie Vandentorren
OBJECTIVES: To describe the adaptive behaviors in a large sample of homeless children and identify factors associated with developmental delay. METHODS: Data were from a cross-sectional survey of 557 children younger than 6 years randomly sampled among homeless sheltered families in the Paris, France, region (January-May 2013). An interviewer and a psychologist conducted face-to-face interviews to collect information on sociodemographic and health characteristics...
February 22, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
Pamela Mar, Robert Spears, Jeffrey Reeb, Sarah B Thompson, Paul Myers, Rita V Burke
OBJECTIVE: Eight million American children under the age of 5 attend daycare and more than another 50 million American children are in school or daycare settings. Emergency planning requirements for daycare licensing vary by state. Expert opinions were used to create a disaster preparedness video designed for daycare providers to cover a broad spectrum of scenarios. METHODS: Various stakeholders (17) devised the outline for an educational pre-disaster video for child daycare providers using the Delphi technique...
February 22, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Noele P Nelson, David Yankey, James A Singleton, Laurie D Elam-Evans
BACKGROUND: The hepatitis A (HepA) vaccine was recommended by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) incrementally from 1996 to 1999. In 2006, HepA vaccine was recommended (1) universally for children aged 12-23 months, (2) for persons who are at increased risk for infection, or (3) for any person wishing to obtain immunity. Catch-up vaccination can be considered. OBJECTIVE: To assess HepA vaccine coverage among adolescents and factors independently associated with vaccination administration in the US...
February 12, 2018: Vaccine
Asbjørn Kørvel-Hanquist, Anders Koch, Jørgen Lous, Sjurdur Frodi Olsen, Preben Homøe
INTRODUCTION: Otitis media is the primary cause of antibiotic prescription in children. Two-thirds of all children experience at least one episode of otitis media before the age of 7 years. The aim of this study was to characterise the attributable effect of several modifiable risk exposures on the risk of >3 episodes of otitis media at age 18 months and 7 years within a large prospective national birth cohort. METHODS: The study used the Danish National Birth Cohort comprising information about otitis media and risk exposures from more than 50,000 mother-child pairs from the period 1996-2002...
March 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Yasmin Jahan, Sm Atiqur Rahman, Abu Sayeed Chowdhury, Md Moshiur Rahman
Background: Pneumonia is a major cause of child mortality among children under 5 years, worldwide. Pneumonia infection may be caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi in single or in both lungs. According to recent criteria developed by the World Health Organization(WHO) in September (2013), pneumonia can be classified into severe pneumonia, pneumonia and no pneumonia. Most of the deaths occur from severe pneumonia. Methods: Disease management of severe childhood pneumonia requires early identification,prompt referral and the availability of intensive quality care...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
Maarten O Blanken, Bosco Paes, Evan J Anderson, Marcello Lanari, Margaret Sheridan-Pereira, Scot Buchan, John R Fullarton, ElizaBeth Grubb, Gerard Notario, Barry S Rodgers-Gray, Xavier Carbonell-Estrany
BACKGROUND: The objective was to develop a risk scoring tool which predicts respiratory syncytial virus hospitalisation (RSVH) in moderate-late preterm infants (32-35 weeks' gestational age) in the Northern Hemisphere. METHODS: Risk factors for RSVH were pooled from six observational studies of infants born 32 weeks and 0 days to 35 weeks and 6 days without comorbidity from 2000 to 2014. Of 13 475 infants, 484 had RSVH in the first year of life. Logistic regression was used to identify the most predictive risk factors, based on area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC)...
February 6, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
Jiao Huang, Shi Chen, Yang Wu, Yeqing Tong, Lei Wang, Min Zhu, Shuhua Hu, Xuhua Guan, Sheng Wei
Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a substantial burden throughout Asia, but the effects of temperature pattern on HFMD risk are inconsistent. To quantify the effect of temperature on HFMD incidence, Wuhan was chosen as the study site because of its high temperature variability and high HFMD incidence. Daily series of HFMD counts and meteorological variables during 2010-2015 were obtained. Distributed lag non-linear models were applied to characterize the temperature-HFMD relationship and to assess its variability across different ages, genders, and types of child care...
January 31, 2018: Scientific Reports
Antonio Rizzoli-Córdoba, Laura Ibernia Vargas-Carrillo, Jorge Rodrigo Vásquez-Ríos, Hortensia Reyes-Morales, Miguel Ángel Villasís-Keever, Gabriel O'Shea-Cuevas, Daniel Aceves-Villagrán, Onofre Muñoz-Hernández, José Alberto García-Aranda
BACKGROUND: Early education program (EEP) was created to support parents with 1 to 3 year olds living in poverty situation in Mexico, and includes education and child daycare for 8h five days per week. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between length of stay in EEP and the level of development in children. METHODS: Cross sectional, population-based study conducted in two Mexican states. All children aged between 12 to 48 months enrolled in EEP from November 2014 to January 2015 were included...
March 2017: Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México
Souheil Hallit, Chantal Raherison, Mirna Waked, Pascale Salameh
The aim of this study was to evaluate the associations between caregiver-reported use of medications, alcohol, cigarette and/or waterpipe (WP), and exposure to pesticides/detergents during pregnancy with childhood-onset asthma. The study design consisted of a case-control study, conducted between December 2015 and April 2016, recruited 1503 children, aged between 3-16 years old. A questionnaire assessed the sociodemographic characteristics (age, gender, education level of both parents), the family history of asthma, and other known risk factors of asthma (heating system at home, child history of recurrent otitis, humidity in the house, child went to a daycare, smoking and drinking alcohol during pregnancy, exposure to pesticides and detergents)...
December 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
Yun Jeong Yang, In Soo Kwon
PURPOSE: This study was performed to develop an infection prevention education program for child care teachers and to verify its effects. METHODS: The study was conducted using a nonequivalent control group with a pretest-posttest design. Four private daycare centers (2 centers per city) that were alike in terms of the number of children by age, number of child care teachers, and child care environment were chosen. Participants were assigned to the experimental group (n=20) or control group (n=20)...
December 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
Marieke M Ebbens, Kim B Gombert-Handoko, Muhammad Al-Dulaimy, Patricia M L A van den Bemt, Elsbeth J Wesselink
BACKGROUND: Preoperative screening (POS) may help to reduce medication errors at admission (MEA). However, due to the time window between POS and hospital admission, unintentional medication discrepancies may still occur and thus a second medication reconciliation at hospital admission can be necessary. Insight into potential risk factors associated with these discrepancies would be helpful to focus the second medication reconciliation on high-risk patients. OBJECTIVE: To determine the proportion of POS patients with MEA and to identify risk factors for MEA...
January 10, 2018: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
Joanie Tremblay, Sabrina Curatolo, Marine Leblanc, Cristina Patulli, Tiffany Tang, Vasiliki Darsaklis, Nathalie Bilodeau, Noémi Dahan-Oliel
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. INTRODUCTION: The Functional Dexterity Test (FDT) is a timed pegboard hand dexterity test. Normative data have been developed primarily in adults with some studies in the pediatric population. The present study will complement the existing pediatric data and make the FDT a stronger assessment for use in this population. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The primary aim of this study was to collect normative data in typically developing children aged 3-5 years in the Greater Montreal area; the secondary aim was to evaluate the intrarater and interrater reliabilities of the FDT...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
Hisham Yehia El Batawi, Kausar Sadia Fakhruddin
Objective: This study aims to study the impact of preventive care orientation given to caregivers of child daycare centers on their knowledge and on the prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC) among preschool children. Materials and Methods: Caregivers of twenty child daycare centers in Emirate of Sharjah were interviewed and 435 children attending these centers were surveyed for decayed missing filled teeth (dmft). The sample data were analyzed using t-tests and one-way ANOVA to assess the statistical significance of the differences in dmft score found between groups...
October 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
Srimathi Kannan, Matthew S Perzanowski, Harish B Ganguri, Dolores Acevedo-Garcia, Luis M Acosta, Molly Spatcher, Adnan Divjan, Ginger L Chew
BACKGROUND: In the United States, Puerto Ricans have a higher prevalence of asthma than other Latino ethnicities. Low vitamin D levels for children living in northern climates could be a factor. OBJECTIVE: To assess serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] distributions (a marker of vitamin D) and associations among vitamin D, allergic sensitization, early wheeze, and home/demographic factors. METHODS: Puerto Rican infants born in New York City, with a maternal history of atopy, were enrolled in a birth cohort...
January 2018: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
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