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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235663/digital-screen-time-limits-and-young-children-s-psychological-well-being-evidence-from-a-population-based-study
#1
Andrew K Przybylski, Netta Weinstein
There is little empirical understanding of how young children's screen engagement links to their well-being. Data from 19,957 telephone interviews with parents of 2- to 5-year-olds assessed their children's digital screen use and psychological well-being in terms of caregiver attachment, resilience, curiosity, and positive affect in the past month. Evidence did not support implementing limits (< 1 or < 2 hr/day) as recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics, once variability in child ethnicity, age, gender, household income, and caregiver educational attainment were considered...
December 13, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235128/-love-builds-brains-representations-of-attachment-and-children-s-brain-development-in-parenting-education-material
#2
Glenda Wall
A focus on early brain development has come to dominate expert child rearing advice over the past two decades. Recent scholars have noted a reinvigoration of the concept of attachment in this advice and changes in the ways that attachment is framed and understood. The extent to which the concept of attachment is drawn on, the way it is framed, and the consequences for mothers, families and parent-child relationships is examined through a discursive analysis of a current Canadian parental education campaign...
December 12, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234117/probing-the-growth-and-melting-pathways-of-a-decagonal-quasicrystal-in-real-time
#3
Insung Han, Xianghui Xiao, Ashwin J Shahani
How does a quasicrystal grow? Despite the decades of research that have been dedicated to this area of study, it remains one of the fundamental puzzles in the field of crystal growth. Although there has been no lack of theoretical studies on quasicrystal growth, there have been very few experimental investigations with which to test their various hypotheses. In particular, evidence of the in situ and three-dimensional (3D) growth of a quasicrystal from a parent liquid phase is lacking. To fill-in-the-gaps in our understanding of the solidification and melting pathways of quasicrystals, we performed synchrotron-based X-ray imaging experiments on a decagonal phase with composition of Al-15at%Ni-15at%Co...
December 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226770/an-unexpected-image-on-a-chest-radiograph
#4
Dogus Hemsinli, Hasan Mutlu, Gokalp Altun, Zerrin Pulathan, Ahmet C Ozdemir
Introduction Central venous catheterisation is an essential component of patient care in hospital. A forgotten complete guide-wire is a rare complication, although the reported incidence has increased rapidly over the last decade. Case report We report a 72-year-old man with a complete guide-wire inadvertently overlooked during catheter insertion. A central venous catheter had been inserted for total parental nutrition during treatment for pancreatitis. Five years later, the patient was readmitted with a painful lesion on his neck and the sensation of a sharp object under his skin...
November 2017: Scottish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220685/parental-psychopathology-adult-attachment-and-risk-of-12-month-suicidal-behaviours
#5
David Boyda, Danielle Mc Feeters, Katie Dhingra, Niall Galbraith, Danny Hinton
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms by which parental psychopathology and vulnerability to suicide is transmitted to offspring is not well understood. parental psychopathology and behaviour may impact upon the normal emotional and psychological adjustment of their offspring in various ways. Research shows attachment insecurities may also be a key factor in the facilitation of suicidal behaviours. OBJECTIVE: To examine adult attachment insecurities as a potential mediating pathway between parental psychopathology and 12-month suicidality...
December 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204276/the-mediating-role-of-mentalizing-capacity-between-parents-and-peer-attachment-and-adolescent-borderline-personality-disorder
#6
Emma Beck, Carla Sharp, Stig Poulsen, Sune Bo, Jesper Pedersen, Erik Simonsen
Background: Insecure attachment is a precursor and correlate of borderline personality disorder. According to the mentalization-based theory of borderline personality disorder, the presence of insecure attachment derails the development of the capacity to mentalize, potentially resulting in borderline pathology. While one prior study found support for this notion in adolescents, it neglected a focus on peer attachment. Separation from primary caregivers and formation of stronger bonds to peers are key developmental achievements during adolescence and peer attachment warrants attention as a separate concept...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201286/ideal-parent-figure-method-in-the-treatment-of-complex-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-related-to-childhood-trauma-a-pilot-study
#7
Federico Parra, Carol George, Khalid Kalalou, Dominique Januel
Background: There is a consensus within the trauma field for the necessity of a three-phase treatment programme for complex posttraumatic stress disorder (CPTSD). This pilot study focuses on the stabilisation phase, the goal of which is the development of psychological resources and the reduction of disabling symptoms. Objective: To test the efficacy of the Ideal Parent Figure (IPF) method as a stabilization treatment for CPTSD patients with a history of childhood trauma. Method: The sample was comprised of 17 adults with a history of childhood trauma concomitant with CPTSD symptoms consulting at a clinic in France...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195725/benefits-of-a-bedtime-routine-in-young-children-sleep-development-and-beyond
#8
REVIEW
Jodi A Mindell, Ariel A Williamson
This paper presents a conceptual model and reviews the empirical evidence to support a nightly bedtime routine as a key factor in the promotion of not only healthy sleep, but also of broad development and wellbeing in early childhood. A bedtime routine embodies the characteristics of nurturing care and early child stimulation, which are deemed to be essential for positive outcomes, especially for at-risk children. Furthermore, common, adaptive components of a bedtime routine can contribute to an array of positive developmental outcomes beyond improved sleep, inclusive of language development, literacy, child emotional and behavioral regulation, parent-child attachment, and family functioning, among other outcomes...
November 6, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193445/late-adoptions-in-adolescence-can-attachment-and-emotion-regulation-influence-behaviour-problems-a-controlled-study-using-a-moderation-approach
#9
Cecilia Serena Pace, Simona Di Folco, Viviana Guerriero
A growing body of research suggests that, compared to normative adolescence, adoptive adolescence could be considered a specific risk condition characterized by more psychiatric problems, attachment insecurity, and emotional regulation difficulties as consequences of negative experiences in preadoption relationships. The current study explores (a) a moderation model of adoption status on the association between attachment representations (secure, dismissing, preoccupied, and disorganized) and behavioural problems and (b) a moderation model of adoption status on the association between emotion regulation processes (cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression) and behavioural problems...
November 28, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192551/parent-child-attachment-meta-analysis-of-associations-with-parenting-behaviors-in-middle-childhood-and-adolescence
#10
Amanda J Koehn, Kathryn A Kerns
Maternal sensitivity predicts mother-child attachment in young children, but no meta-analysis has investigated the link between parenting and parent-child attachment in older children. This study examined the relationship between parent-child attachment and multiple components of parenting in children 5-18 years of age. A series of meta-analyses showed that parents of children with more secure attachment are more responsive, more supportive of the child's autonomy, use more behavioral control strategies, and use less harsh control strategies...
December 1, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187766/perceptions-and-experiences-of-an-attachment-based-intervention-for-parents-troubled-by-intimate-partner-violence
#11
Lana Kamal, Jennifer Strand, Göran Jutengren, Inga Tidefors
It is known that intimate partner violence (IPV) negatively affects both parental capacity and children's well-being, but few studies have focused on the experiences of those taking part in family interventions focused on IPV. In this study, 26 parents (16 mothers and 10 fathers) with a history of IPV participated in focus groups concerning their attachment-based group intervention experience in the program Parenting and Violence. The transcripts, subjected to thematic analysis, showed that participants experienced the intervention as supportive and confirming of their role as parents...
2017: Clinical Social Work Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181741/longitudinal-associations-between-oppositional-defiant-symptoms-and-interpersonal-relationships-among-chinese-children
#12
Longfeng Li, Xiuyun Lin, Stephen P Hinshaw, Hongfei Du, Shaozheng Qin, Xiaoyi Fang
Children with oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) are at increased risk for developing poor relationships with people around them, but the longitudinal links between ODD symptoms and subsequent interpersonal functioning remain unclear. In the current study, we examined the bidirectional associations between ODD symptoms and children's relationships with parents, peers, and teachers. We included separate analyses for parent vs. teacher reports of ODD symptoms, with regard to subsequent interpersonal relationships...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179138/pathological-jealousy-and-pathological-love-apples-to-apples-or-apples-to-oranges
#13
Andrea Lorena da C Stravogiannis, Hyoun S Kim, Eglacy C Sophia, Cíntia Sanches, Monica L Zilberman, Hermano Tavares
Pathological jealousy evokes emotions, thoughts, and behaviors that cause damage to social and interpersonal relationships. On the other hand, pathological love is the uncontrollable behavior of caring for a partner that results in neglecting the needs of the self. The aim of the present research was to assess the similarities and differences between the two psychopathologies of love. To this end, thirty-two individuals with pathological jealousy and 33 individuals with pathological love were compared on demographics, aspects of romantic relationship (jealousy, satisfaction, love style), psychiatric co-morbidities, personality and psychological characteristics (e...
November 13, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173063/development-of-a-pre-glycoengineered-cho-k1-host-cell-line-for-the-expression-of-antibodies-with-enhanced-fc-mediated-effector-function
#14
Oliver Popp, Samuel Moser, Jörg Zielonka, Petra Rüger, Silke Hansen, Oliver Plöttner
Novel biotherapeutic glycoproteins, like recombinant monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) are widely used for the treatment of numerous diseases. The N-glycans attached to the constant region of an antibody have been demonstrated to be crucial for the biological efficacy. Even minor modifications of the N-glycan structure can dictate the potency of IgG effector functions such as the antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) and complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC). Here, we present the development of a glycoengineered CHO-K1 host cell line (HCL), stably expressing β1,4-N-Acetylglucoseaminyltransferase III (GnT-III) and α-mannosidase II (Man-II), for the expression of a-fucosylated antibodies with enhanced Fc-mediated effector function...
November 27, 2017: MAbs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172626/attachment-household-chaos-and-children-s-health
#15
J Zoe Klemfuss, Allison R Wallin, Jodi A Quas
INTRODUCTION: Despite growing interest in the links between sociocontextual factors and children's behavioral functioning, few studies have investigated how such factors, in combination, relate to health outcomes or vary across mental and physical well-being. We evaluated the direct and interactive associations of parental attachment and household chaos with preschool-age children's mental and physical health. METHOD: Ninety-four parents completed questionnaires about their attachment styles, disorganization and confusion in the home, and their children's health functioning...
November 27, 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172238/women-who-had-positive-relationships-with-their-own-mothers-reported-good-attachments-to-their-first-child-before-and-after-birth
#16
Franca Tani, Valeria Castagna, Lucia Ponti
AIM: Bowlby's attachment intergenerational transmission theory suggests that a woman's attachment to her parents, particularly her mother, plays an important role in her future parenting. We studied whether there was any association between pregnant women's attachment to their baby before and after birth and their relationships with their mothers. METHODS: A longitudinal study was carried out in 2015 on 201 first-time mothers recruited in the maternity ward of the level two Misericordia e Dolce Hospital in Prato, Italy...
November 24, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166164/a-physiological-signature-of-the-cost-of-reproduction-associated-with-parental-care
#17
Melinda A Fowler, Tony D Williams
Costs of reproduction are an integral and long-standing component of life-history theory, but we still know relatively little about the specific physiological mechanisms underlying these trade-offs. We experimentally manipulated workload during parental care in female European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) using attachment of radios and/or wing clipping and assessed measures of workload, current breeding productivity, future fecundity, and survival (local return rate) in relation to treatment. Females with wing clipping and radio attachment paid a clear cost of reproduction compared with all other treatment groups: they had lower future fecundity and lower return rates despite having lower current breeding productivity...
December 2017: American Naturalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163857/italian-translation-and-cross-cultural-comparison-with-the-childhood-attachment-and-relational-trauma-screen-carts
#18
A Simonelli, C Sacchi, L Cantoni, M Brown, P Frewen
Background: The Childhood Attachment and Relational Trauma Screen (CARTS) is a computer-administered survey designed to assess retrospectively the socio-ecological context in which instances of child abuse may have occurred. To date, studies supporting the validity of the CARTS have only been undertaken in English-speaking North American populations. Validation projects in other countries and cross-cultural comparisons are therefore warranted. Objective: Develop and preliminarily evaluate the psychometric properties of an Italian version of the CARTS on college students and compare such observations to data acquired from Canadian students...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158242/mutations-in-sugar-nucleotide-synthesis-genes-restore-holdfast-polysaccharide-anchoring-to-caulobacter-crescentus-holdfast-anchor-mutants
#19
Gail G Hardy, Evelyn Toh, Cécile Berne, Yves V Brun
Attachment is essential for microorganisms to establish interactions with both biotic and abiotic surfaces. Stable attachment of Caulobacter crescentus to surfaces requires an adhesive polysaccharide holdfast, but the exact composition of holdfast is unknown. The holdfast is anchored to the cell envelope by outer membrane proteins HfaA, HfaB and HfaD. Holdfast anchor gene mutations result in holdfast shedding and reduced cell adherence. Translocation of HfaA and HfaD to the cell surface requires HfaB. The Wzx homolog, HfsF, is predicted to be a bacterial polysaccharide flippase...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157488/l%C3%A2-hypophyse-et-ses-traitements-comment-peuvent-ils-influer-sur-le-comportement-the-pituitary-and-its-treatments-how-can-they-influence-behaviour
#20
C Mouly, F Borson-Chazot, P Caron
Behaviour may be influenced by pituitary hormones or treatments. Dopamine agonist (DA) indicated in prolactinomas treatment can cause side effects, and especially impulse control disorders. In the context of prolactinomas treatment, impulse control disorders (ICD) have been reported like gambling, compulsive shopping, but mostly hypersexuality. These ICD can occur with low AD doses, and seem to be independent of type of molecule and psychiatric medical history. The main pathophysiologic hypothesis is a dysregulation of dopaminergic pathway involved in reward system...
October 2017: Annales D'endocrinologie
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