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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543816/antenatal-determinants-of-parental-attachment-and-parenting-alliance-how-do-mothers-and-fathers-differ
#1
Rita Luz, Astrid George, Rachel Vieux, Elisabeth Spitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535839/separation-from-parents-during-childhood-trauma-predicts-adult-attachment-security-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#2
R A Bryant, M Creamer, M O'Donnell, D Forbes, K L Felmingham, D Silove, G Malhi, M van Hoof, A C McFarlane, A Nickerson
BACKGROUND: Prolonged separation from parental support is a risk factor for psychopathology. This study assessed the impact of brief separation from parents during childhood trauma on adult attachment tendencies and post-traumatic stress. METHOD: Children (n = 806) exposed to a major Australian bushfire disaster in 1983 and matched controls (n = 725) were assessed in the aftermath of the fires (mean age 7-8 years) via parent reports of trauma exposure and separation from parents during the fires...
May 24, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530116/autism-and-attachment-difficulties-overlap-of-symptoms-implications-and-innovative-solutions
#3
Rebecca McKenzie, Rudi Dallos
This article explores overlap of symptoms between autism and attachment difficulties and suggests innovative solutions based on formulation. Currently, clinicians express difficulties in differentiating between these conditions contributing to misdiagnosis. Research into the prevalence of attachment difficulties among children with autism often fails to reflect detailed knowledge of attachment theory. Consequently, studies in this area employ questionable modifications to attachment measures and methods of analysis...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525718/on-the-stability-of-the-parent-anion-of-the-potential-radiosensitizer-8-bromoadenine-formed-by-low-energy-3-ev-electron-attachment
#4
Robin Schürmann, Katrin Tanzer, Iwona Dabkowska, Stephan Paul Denifl, Ilko Bald
8-Bromoadenine (8BrA) is a potential DNA radiosensitizer for cancer radiation therapy due to its efficient interaction with low energy electrons (LEEs). LEEs are a short-living species generated during the radiation damage of DNA by high energy radiation as it is applied in cancer radiation therapy. Electron attachment to 8BrA in the gas phase results in a stable parent anion below 3 eV electron energy in addition to fragmentation products formed by resonant exocyclic bond cleavages. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations of the 8BrA- anion reveal an exotic bond between the bromine and the C8 atom with a bond length of 2...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523385/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-symptoms-in-children-adopted-from-poland-and-their-atypical-association-patterns-a-bayesian-approach
#5
Donna A de Maat, Sandra Knuiman, Catharina H A M Rijk, René A C Hoksbergen, Anneloes L van Baar
Although high rates of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms have been observed among internationally adopted children, research on these symptoms in Polish adoptees is lacking. Therefore, we examined ADHD symptoms in Polish adoptees and their relationship to pre-adoptive risk factors, that is, time in institutional care, early deprivation, and prenatal alcohol exposure. We further compared the association patterns and gender distribution of ADHD symptoms in children adopted from Poland to those reported in the literature for ADHD symptoms in non-adopted children...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516851/intimate-partner-abuse-and-attachment-a-comparison-between-abused-and-nonabused-women
#6
M Meghan Davidson, Michael S Butchko, Janice E Castro, Krista Robbins
The purpose of this study was to examine intimate partner abuse (IPA), parental attachment, and romantic attachment among college women. More specifically, IPA was examined such that women who had experienced abuse and those who had not were compared with respect to parental and romantic attachment using the lens of attachment theory. Undergraduate women (N = 502) completed an online survey assessing their experiences of IPA as well as their parental and romantic attachment styles. Bivariate correlations demonstrated that IPA was significantly associated with all study variables (i...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513276/attachment-avoidance-but-not-anxiety-minimizes-the-joys-of-caregiving
#7
S Katherine Nelson-Coffey, Jessica L Borelli, Laura M River
Perhaps unlike other social roles that people may hold, caring for children offers opportunities for both immense joy and incredible frustration. Yet what predicts how parents will feel during caregiving experiences? In the current study, we examined parents' (N = 152) positive emotion, negative emotion, and felt meaning during caregiving using the Day Reconstruction Method. In addition, we tested attachment anxiety and avoidance as predictors of parents' emotion during caregiving relative to their other daily experiences...
May 17, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500976/personality-disparity-in-chronic-regional-and-widespread-pain
#8
Mei-Chung Chang, Po-Fei Chen, For-Wey Lung
Chronic pain has high comorbidity with psychiatric disorders, therefore, better understanding of the relationship between chronic pain and mental illness is needed. This study aimed to investigate the pathway relationships among parental attachment, personality characteristics, alexithymic trait and mental health in patients with chronic widespread pain, those with chronic regional pain, and controls. Two hundred and thirty participants were recruited. The parental Bonding Inventory, Eysenck Personality Inventory (EPI), 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), Chinese Health Questionnaire, and Short-Form 36 were filled out...
April 27, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499142/does-mindfulness-prepare-adolescents-for-value-behavior-concordance-examining-the-role-of-value-content
#9
Michael T Warren, Laura Wray-Lake
Great thinkers throughout history advocated living one's values, yet little research has examined factors that contribute to adolescents' value-behavior concordance (VBC). Mindfulness may foster VBC via heightened awareness of values, but VBC for intrinsic values may be more adaptive than VBC for extrinsic values. To situate mindfulness in developmental context, we examined age and attachment security as predictors of mindfulness. We collected self- and parent-report data from 299 families (Mage-adolescents = 14...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498534/adolescent-life-stress-and-the-cortisol-awakening-response-the-moderating-roles-of-attachment-and-sex
#10
Kelly F Miller, Gayla Margolin, Lauren Spies Shapiro, Adela C Timmons
This longitudinal study investigated how past versus current life stresses relate to adolescents' cortisol awakening response (CAR), an index of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal activity. Ninety-nine adolescents reported previous year life stress at ages 12 and 18. At the second assessment, participants also provided self-reports of parent and peer attachment and 3 days of cortisol samples. Current stress was associated with heightened CAR for both males and females, whereas past stress was associated with attenuated CAR for males...
March 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496296/a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-on-parenting-of-young-children-with-visual-impairments-and-the-adaptions-for-video-feedback-intervention-to-promote-positive-parenting-vipp
#11
REVIEW
Ellen G C van den Broek, Ans J P M van Eijden, Mathilde M Overbeek, Sabina Kef, Paula S Sterkenburg, Carlo Schuengel
Secure parent-child attachment may help children to overcome the challenges of growing up with a visual or visual-and-intellectual impairment. A large literature exists that provides a blueprint for interventions that promote parental sensitivity and secure attachment. The Video-feedback Intervention to promote Positive Parenting (VIPP) is based on that blueprint. While it has been adapted to several specific at risk populations, children with visual impairment may require additional adjustments. This study aimed to identify the themes that should be addressed in adapting VIPP and similar interventions...
2017: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494129/when-trust-is-threatened-qualitative-study-of-parents-perspectives-on-problematic-clinical-relationships-in-child-cancer-care
#12
Sarah Davies, Peter Salmon, Bridget Young
OBJECTIVE: We explored parents' accounts of the parent-clinician relationship in childhood cancer to understand how parents who perceive threats to the relationship can be supported. METHODS: Multi-centre longitudinal qualitative study, with 67 UK parents of children (aged 1-12 years) receiving treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. Analyses drew on the wider sample but focussed on 50 semi-structured interviews with 20 parents and were informed by constant comparison...
May 11, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491488/dog-attachment-and-perceived-social-support-in-overweight-obese-and-healthy-weight-children
#13
Deborah E Linder, Jennifer M Sacheck, Farzad Noubary, Miriam E Nelson, Lisa M Freeman
The development of effective and sustainable interventions to treat childhood obesity remains both a priority and a challenge. Previous studies support that dogs provide social support in overweight adults in obesity interventions, but the child-dog relationship is not as well understood. The goal of the study was to examine the child-dog relationship among children to inform novel childhood obesity interventions including dogs. A cross-sectional study was conducted in the Living Laboratory® at the Museum of Science, Boston in 2015...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480299/the-2-8%C3%A2-%C3%A3-electron-microscopy-structure-of-adeno-associated-virus-dj-bound-by-a-heparinoid-pentasaccharide
#14
Qing Xie, John M Spear, Alex J Noble, Duncan R Sousa, Nancy L Meyer, Omar Davulcu, Fuming Zhang, Robert J Linhardt, Scott M Stagg, Michael S Chapman
Atomic structures of adeno-associated virus (AAV)-DJ, alone and in complex with fondaparinux, have been determined by cryoelectron microscopy at 3 Å resolution. The gene therapy vector, AAV-DJ, is a hybrid of natural serotypes that was previously derived by directed evolution, selecting for hepatocyte entry and resistance to neutralization by human serum. The structure of AAV-DJ differs from that of parental serotypes in two regions where neutralizing antibodies bind, so immune escape appears to have been the primary driver of AAV-DJ's directed evolution...
June 16, 2017: Molecular Therapy. Methods & Clinical Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472162/the-parental-reflective-functioning-questionnaire-development-and-preliminary-validation
#15
Patrick Luyten, Linda C Mayes, Liesbet Nijssens, Peter Fonagy
This paper reports on three studies on the development and validation of the Parental Reflective Functioning Questionnaire (PRFQ), a brief, multidimensional self-report measure that assesses parental reflective functioning or mentalizing, that is, the capacity to treat the infant as a psychological agent. Study 1 investigated the factor structure, reliability, and relationships of the PRFQ with demographic features, symptomatic distress, attachment dimensions, and emotional availability in a socially diverse sample of 299 mothers of a child aged 0-3...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460149/the-parented-outline-for-observing-hospitalized-pediatric-patients-and-their-families
#16
Amy L Tremain
The PARENTED outline (a mnemonic device) and the companion Parenting Landscape handout are proposed tools for clinical use that were developed as an outgrowth of clinical experience with hospitalized pediatric mental health patients and their families in combination with family systems theories of Minuchin and Bowen, Ainsworth and Bowlby's attachment theory, and Erikson's stages of development. The tools contain eight categories of observable, typical family interactions that a nurse on an inpatient mental health unit may encounter...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460040/the-acceptability-of-stem-cell-based-fertility-treatments-for-different-indications
#17
S Hendriks, E A F Dancet, R Vliegenthart, S Repping
STUDY QUESTION: What is the acceptability of using stem cell-based fertility treatments (SCFT) for different indications according to gynaecologists and the general public? SUMMARY ANSWER: The majority of gynaecologists and the general public accept SCFT for the indications female or male infertility in young heterosexual couples, and female infertility in single women and same-sex couples. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: SCFT could result in genetic parenthood for intended parents with indications that cannot be treated using currently available methods, such as being in a same-sex relationship or female post-menopausal age...
April 28, 2017: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455351/the-nucleoporin-nup2-contains-a-meiotic-autonomous-region-that-promotes-the-dynamic-chromosome-events-of-meiosis
#18
Daniel B Chu, Tatiana Gromova, Trent A C Newman, Sean M Burgess
Meiosis is a specialized cellular program required to create haploid gametes from diploid parent cells. Homologous chromosomes pair, synapse, and recombine in a dynamic environment that accommodates gross chromosome reorganization and significant chromosome motion, which are critical for normal chromosome segregation. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Ndj1 is a meiotic telomere-associated protein required for physically attaching telomeres to proteins embedded in the nuclear envelope. In this study, we identified additional proteins that act at the nuclear periphery from meiotic cell extracts, including Nup2, a nonessential nucleoporin with a known role in tethering interstitial chromosomal loci to the nuclear pore complex...
April 28, 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447471/how-does-video-interaction-guidance-contribute-to-infant-and-parental-mental-health-and-well-being
#19
Hilary Kennedy, Kevin Ball, Jane Barlow
This article describes the contribution of video interaction guidance (VIG) to the development of infant and parental and VIG practitioners' mental health and well-being. The theoretical core of VIG was depicted in terms of concepts such as intersubjectivity, attunement and mediated learning. The way the VIG principles alongside the underpinning values and beliefs promote a process of attunement between parent and infant, the VIG practitioner and parent, and the VIG practitioner and supervisor is described...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443908/polyvalent-c-glycomimetics-based-on-l-fucose-or-d-mannose-as-potent-dc-sign-antagonists
#20
Benedetta Bertolotti, Ieva Sutkeviciute, Martino Ambrosini, Renato Ribeiro-Viana, Javier Rojo, Franck Fieschi, Hana Dvořáková, Martina Kašáková, Kamil Parkan, Martina Hlaváčková, Kateřina Nováková, Jitka Moravcová
The C-type lectin DC-SIGN expressed on immature dendritic cells is a promising target for antiviral drug development. Previously, we have demonstrated that mono- and divalent C-glycosides based on d-manno and l-fuco configurations are promising DC-SIGN ligands. Here, we described the convergent synthesis of C-glycoside dendrimers decorated with 4, 6, 9, and 12 α-l-fucopyranosyl units and with 9 and 12 α-d-mannopyranosyl units. Their affinity against DC-SIGN was assessed by surface plasmon resonance (SPR) assays...
May 10, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
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