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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684798/clinging-to-closeness-the-parental-view-on-developing-a-close-bond-with-their-infants-in-a-nicu
#1
Heli Mäkelä, Anna Axelin, Nancy Feeley, Hannakaisa Niela-Vilén
OBJECTIVE: To identify and understand how parents develop a close bond to their infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). DESIGN: A qualitative descriptive study; closeness and separation stories recorded in a smartphone application by the parents were analyzed using thematic analysis. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-three parents of nineteen infants who were taken care of in a level III NICU in Finland. FINDINGS: Bonding moments and a disrupted dyadic parent-infant relationship continuously alternated as in a rollercoaster ride during the hospital stay...
April 11, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681251/behavior-problems-in-sexually-abused-preschoolers-over-a-1-year-period-the-mediating-role-of-attachment-representations
#2
Florence Charest, Martine Hébert, Annie Bernier, Rachel Langevin, Raphaële Miljkovitch
According to the developmental psychopathology framework, adverse childhood experiences, including child sexual abuse (CSA), may alter the course of normal development in children. Attachment security has been identified as a protective factor against psychopathology and may thus play a critical role in predicting victims' adaptation. The main objective of the present study was to investigate the mediating effect of attachment representations in the relation between CSA and behavior problems over a 1-year period...
April 23, 2018: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676199/adolescents-multiple-versus-single-primary-attachment-figures-reorganization-of-attachment-hierarchy-and-adjustments-the-important-people-interview-approach
#3
Tomotaka Umemura, Lenka Lacinová, Jakub Kraus, Eliška Horská, Lenka Pivodová
Using 212 adolescents from a central-European country (mean age = 14.02, SD = 2.05, ranged from 11 to 18 years; females = 54%) and a multi-informant method to measure adolescents' behavioral and emotional adjustments, the present study explored three aspects regarding the attachment hierarchy. (1) The three types of behavioral systems of Rosenthal and Kobak's important people interview (IPI) were initially validated using an exploratory factor analysis with a US sample. Using a confirmatory factor analysis with a Czech sample, we replicated these three behavioral systems: attachment bond, support seeking, and affiliation...
April 20, 2018: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675201/tagging-effects-on-the-mid-infrared-spectrum-of-microsolvated-protonated-methane
#4
Alexander Esser, Harald Forbert, Dominik Marx
Although bare protonated methane is by now essentially understood at the level of intramolecular large-amplitude motion, scrambling dynamics and broadband vibrational spectra, the microsolvated species still offer plenty of challenges. One aspect is the effect of the attached solvent molecules on the infrared absorption spectra of microsolvated CH5 + complexes compared to the bare parent molecule. In this study we analyze, based on ab initio molecular dynamics simulations, protonated methane molecules that have been microsolvated with up to three hydrogen molecules, i...
February 14, 2018: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674985/dog-owner-attachment-is-associated-with-oxytocin-receptor-gene-polymorphisms-in-both-parties-a-comparative-study-on-austrian-and-hungarian-border-collies
#5
Krisztina Kovács, Zsófia Virányi, Anna Kis, Borbála Turcsán, Ágnes Hudecz, Maria T Marmota, Dóra Koller, Zsolt Rónai, Márta Gácsi, József Topál
Variations in human infants' attachment behavior are associated with single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the oxytocin receptor (OXTR) gene, suggesting a genetic component to infant-mother attachment. However, due to the genetic relatedness of infants and their mothers, it is difficult to separate the genetic effects of infants' OXTR genotype from the environmental effects of mothers' genotype possibly affecting their parental behavior. The apparent functional analogy between child-parent and dog-owner relationship, however, offers a way to disentangle the effects of these factors because pet dogs are not genetically related to their caregivers...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673720/-study-of-parental-bonding-in-childhood-in-children-and-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa
#6
A M H Albinhac, F A M Jean, M P Bouvard
INTRODUCTION: Anorexia nervosa constitutes a severe and complex eating disorder occurring principally in adolescence. It is one of the most deadly psychiatric disorders. Considering the multifactorial nature of anorexia nervosa, the important place of the family and the growing interest in the theory of attachment in eating disorders, parental bonding is questioned in anorexia nervosa. The main study goal is to analyze parental bonding in a population of children and adolescents with anorexia nervosa...
April 16, 2018: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673202/assembly-and-functional-analysis-of-an-s-mar-based-episome-with-the-cystic-fibrosis-transmembrane-conductance-regulator-gene
#7
Davide De Rocco, Barbara Pompili, Stefano Castellani, Elena Morini, Luca Cavinato, Giuseppe Cimino, Maria A Mariggiò, Simone Guarnieri, Massimo Conese, Paola Del Porto, Fiorentina Ascenzioni
Improving the efficacy of gene therapy vectors is still an important goal toward the development of safe and efficient gene therapy treatments. S/MAR (scaffold/matrix attached region)-based vectors are maintained extra-chromosomally in numerous cell types, which is similar to viral-based vectors. Additionally, when established as an episome, they show a very high mitotic stability. In the present study we tested the idea that addition of an S/MAR element to a CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator) expression vector, may allow the establishment of a CFTR episome in bronchial epithelial cells...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663349/longitudinal-model-predicting-self-concept-in-pediatric-chronic-illness
#8
Natacha D Emerson, Holly E R Morrell, Cameron Neece, Daniel Tapanes, Brian Distelberg
Although self-concept has been identified as salient to the psychosocial adjustment of adolescents dealing with a chronic illness (CI), little research has focused on its predictors it. Given that depression and parent-child attachment have been linked to self-concept in the population at large, the goal of this study was to evaluate these relationships longitudinally in a sample of adolescents with CI. Using participant data from the Mastering Each New Direction (MEND) program, a 3-month psychosocial, family based intensive outpatient program for adolescents with CI, we employed multilevel modeling to test longitudinal changes in self-concept, as predicted by depressive symptoms and parent-child attachment, in a sample of 50 youths (Mage  = 14...
April 16, 2018: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660111/confidence-in-attachment-relationships-and-marital-status-as-protective-factors-for-self-perceived-parental-role-and-in-person-visitation-with-children-among-incarcerated-fathers
#9
Michele Giovanni Laquale, Gabrielle Coppola, Rosalinda Cassibba, Maria Pasceri, Susanna Pietralunga, Alessandro Taurino, Cristina Semeraro, Ignazio Grattagliano
The study aimed at investigating the role of confidence in attachment relationships and marital status as protective factors for incarcerated fathers' self-perceived parental role and in-person contacts with their children. Participants included 150 inmate fathers and 145 nonincarcerated control fathers who provided background sociodemographic information and completed two self-reports, the Attachment Style Questionnaire and the Self-Perception of Parental Role. A two-phased cluster analytic plan allowed us to highlight two profiles of self-perceived parental roles, with incarceration and low confidence in attachment relationships increasing the risk of the less optimal of the two profiles...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658764/a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-family-mediation-with-and-without-motivational-interviewing
#10
Megan Morris, W Kim Halford, Jemima Petch
Family mediation is a widely used approach to assist separated parents to resolve conflicts about parenting arrangements for their children, yet frequently parents undertaking mediation do not reach a mutually agreeable resolution. In Australia, where the current study was conducted, separated parents must attempt family mediation before they can seek to appear in the family court for custody issues. We compared mediation enhanced with motivational interviewing (MI) with mediation as usual (MAU) in a randomized controlled trial...
March 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658758/coparenting-in-the-family-of-origin-and-new-parents-couple-relationship-functioning
#11
Jia Yan, Anna Olsavsky, Sarah J Schoppe-Sullivan, Claire M Kamp Dush
To better understand the long-term implications of coparenting quality for adult child outcomes, we examined the associations between coparenting quality in the family of origin (Generation 1; G1), and attachment avoidance and anxiety and perceived relationship functioning of new parents (Generation 2; G2) using a dyadic approach. Dual-earner families expecting their first child (n = 182) were followed across the transition to parenthood and assessed at the third trimester of pregnancy (3T) and 9 months after childbirth (9M)...
March 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627676/perceived-attachment-security-to-parents-and-peer-victimization-does-adolescent-s-aggressive-behaviour-make-a-difference
#12
Maryse Guedes, António J Santos, Olívia Ribeiro, Miguel Freitas, Kenneth H Rubin, Manuela Veríssimo
Peer victimization is one of the most prominent problems during adolescence. Research has distinguished aggressive and non-aggressive victims; however, there are still significant drawbacks in understanding the social and family functioning of these different groups of victimized adolescents. This study aimed to compare social behavior and perceived attachment security to parents of Portuguese adolescents, classified as aggressive victims, non-aggressive victims and non-victims. The sample consisted of 222 adolescents (115 boys, 107 girls) who completed the Kerns Security Scale and the Extended Class Play, to assess perceived attachment security and social behavior, respectively...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621692/attachment-across-the-lifespan-insights-from-adoptive-families
#13
REVIEW
Kenneth Lee Raby, Mary Dozier
Research with adoptive families offers novel insights into longstanding questions about the significance of attachment across the lifespan. We illustrate this by reviewing adoption research addressing two of attachment theory's central ideas. First, studies of children who were adopted after experiencing severe adversity offer powerful tests of the unique consequences of experiences in early attachment relationships. Although children who experience early maltreatment or institutionalization show remarkable recovery in the quality of their attachments after being placed with their adoptive families, experiencing pre-adoptive adversity also has long-lasting repercussions for these individuals' later attachment representations...
March 26, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620168/s-phase-kinase-associated-protein-2-is-involved-in-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-methotrexate-resistant-osteosarcoma-cells
#14
Lu Ding, Chengwei Wang, Yong Cui, Xiaoping Han, Yang Zhou, Jingping Bai, Rong Li
Osteosarcoma (OS), a common worldwide primary aggressive bone malignancy, arises from primitive transformed cells of mesenchymal origin and usually attacks adolescents and young adults. Methotrexate (MTX) is the anti-folate drug used as a pivotal chemotherapeutic agent in the treatment of OS. However, patients with OS often develop drug resistance, leading to poor treatment outcomes. In the present study, in order to explore the underlying mechanisms responsible for MTX resistance, we established MTX‑resistant OS cells using the U2OS and MG63 cell lines and examined whether MTX‑resistant OS cells underwent epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) by Transwell assay, wound healing assay, MTT assay, RT-PCR and western blot analysis...
March 29, 2018: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606185/developing-a-neurobehavioral-animal-model-of-poverty-drawing-cross-species-connections-between-environments-of-scarcity-adversity-parenting-quality-and-infant-outcome
#15
Rosemarie E Perry, Eric D Finegood, Stephen H Braren, Meriah L Dejoseph, David F Putrino, Donald A Wilson, Regina M Sullivan, C Cybele Raver, Clancy Blair
Children reared in impoverished environments are at risk for enduring psychological and physical health problems. Mechanisms by which poverty affects development, however, remain unclear. To explore one potential mechanism of poverty's impact on social-emotional and cognitive development, an experimental examination of a rodent model of scarcity-adversity was conducted and compared to results from a longitudinal study of human infants and families followed from birth (N = 1,292) who faced high levels of poverty-related scarcity-adversity...
April 2, 2018: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596071/an-observational-cohort-study-examining-the-effect-of-the-duration-of-skin-to-skin-contact-on-the-physiological-parameters-of-the-neonate-in-a-neonatal-intensive-special-care-unit
#16
Hannah Jones, Nick Santamaria
BACKGROUND: Focus on skin-to-skin contact (SSC) as a family-centered care intervention in Neonatal Intensive Special Care (NISC) Units continues to increase. Previously, SSC has been shown to improve neonatal physiological stability, support brain development, and promote bonding and attachment. Limited research exists investigating SSC duration and neonatal physiological responses. PURPOSE: This study examined the relationship between SSC duration and the neonate's oxygen saturation, heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (RR), and temperature...
March 28, 2018: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593617/the-role-of-difficulty-in-identifying-and-describing-feelings-in-non-suicidal-self-injury-behavior-nssi-associations-with-perceived-attachment-quality-stressful-life-events-and-suicidal-ideation
#17
Rita Cerutti, Antonio Zuffianò, Valentina Spensieri
Objective: Core alexithymic features, such as the difficulty in identifying and describing feelings, are associated with poor attachment styles and emotional trauma, which influence the capacity to regulate affect. Additionally, emotional regulation has been found to be the most commonly identified function associated with non-suicidal self-injury behavior (NSSI) in adolescents as they attempt to modulate strong emotions. However, few studies have examined the link between difficulty in identifying and describing feelings (core components of alexithymia), NSSI behaviors, quality of attachment, life stressors and suicidal ideation in healthy early adolescents...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593616/factor-structure-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-parent-adult-child-relationship-questionnaire
#18
Daoyang Wang, Dan Dong, Peixin Nie, Cuicui Wang
The Parent Adult-Child Relationship Questionnaire (PACQ) included two identical versions of the 13-item scale, which were administered to each subject, one which referred to "relationship with mother" and the other to "relationship with father." The PACQ, originally in English, is a self-report measure of the filial relationship. The present study aimed to develop a Chinese version of the PACQ and use it to explore Chinese parent adult-child relationships. A total of 454 Chinese adult-children completed the Chinese version of the PACQ...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593609/early-life-stressors-personality-development-and-fast-life-strategies-an-evolutionary-perspective-on-malevolent-personality-features
#19
REVIEW
Árpád Csathó, Béla Birkás
Life history theory posits that behavioral adaptation to various environmental (ecological and/or social) conditions encountered during childhood is regulated by a wide variety of different traits resulting in various behavioral strategies. Unpredictable and harsh conditions tend to produce fast life history strategies, characterized by early maturation, a higher number of sexual partners to whom one is less attached, and less parenting of offspring. Unpredictability and harshness not only affects dispositional social and emotional functioning, but may also promote the development of personality traits linked to higher rates of instability in social relationships or more self-interested behavior...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593583/attachment-to-parents-as-a-moderator-in-the-association-between-sibling-bullying-and-depression-or-suicidal-ideation-among-children-and-adolescents
#20
Jasmin Bar-Zomer, Anat Brunstein Klomek
Bullying is one of the most widespread phenomenon in childhood and adolescence. Interestingly, most research on bullying focuses on bullying at school and not on bullying among siblings at home. Sibling bullying is the most frequent form of repeated aggression that children experience in their lifetime. Furthermore, previous studies indicate that sibling bullying is associated with depression and self-harm behavior. However, the association between sibling bullying and suicidal ideation was never previously examined...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
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