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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915218/parental-bonding-and-hoarding-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#1
David Chen, O Joseph Bienvenu, Janice Krasnow, Ying Wang, Marco A Grados, Bernadette Cullen, Fernando S Goes, Brion Maher, Benjamin D Greenberg, Nicole C McLaughlin, Steven A Rasmussen, Abby J Fyer, James A Knowles, James T McCracken, John Piacentini, Dan Geller, David L Pauls, S Evelyn Stewart, Dennis L Murphy, Yin-Yao Shugart, Mark A Riddle, Gerald Nestadt, Jack Samuels
BACKGROUND: Hoarding behavior may indicate a clinically and possibly etiologically distinct subtype of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Empirical evidence supports a relationship between hoarding and emotional over-attachment to objects. However, little is known about the relationship between hoarding and parental attachment in OCD. METHOD: The study sample included 894 adults diagnosed with DSM-IV OCD who had participated in family and genetic studies of OCD...
November 14, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914273/quality-of-attachment-in-infants-less-than-1500g-or-less-than-32weeks-related-factors
#2
María López-Maestro, Purificación Sierra-Garcia, Celia Diaz-Gonzalez, Ma Jose Torres-Valdivieso, David Lora-Pablos, Susana Ares-Segura, Carmen R Pallás-Alonso
BACKGROUND: Prematurity carries a high risk of mortality and sequelae, altering the bonding process and leading to repercussions in terms of attachment. OBJECTIVE: To assess the type of attachment in children under 32weeks' gestational age (GA) or below 1500g, in hospitals where development-centred care has been implemented and to study the association between various types of attachment and certain neonatal and family characteristics. METHOD: Children <1500g or <32weeks GA who were born or admitted before 48h of life to one of two hospitals in Madrid between January and December 2012 were candidates for the study...
November 30, 2016: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901440/does-lack-of-genetic-relative-family-health-history-represent-a-potentially-avoidable-health-disparity-for-adoptees
#3
Thomas May, Kimberly A Strong, Kaija L Zusevics, Jessica Jeruzal, Michael H Farrell, Alison LaPean Kirschner, Arthur R Derse, James P Evans, Harold D Grotevant
Many adoptees face a number of challenges relating to separation from biological parents during the adoption process, including issues concerning identity, intimacy, attachment, and trust, as well as (for older adopted children) language and other cultural challenges. One common health challenge faced by adoptees involves lack of access to genetic-relative family health history (GRFHx). Lack of GRFHx represents a disadvantage due to a reduced capacity to identify diseases and recommend appropriate screening for conditions for which the adopted person may be at increased risk...
December 2016: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899058/correlates-of-child-father-and-child-mother-attachment-in-the-preschool-years
#4
Jean-François Bureau, Jodi Martin, Kim Yurkowski, Sabrina Schmiedel, Jeffry Quan, Ellen Moss, Audrey-Ann Deneault, Dominique Pallanca
The increase in fathers' involvement in childrearing, particularly beyond infancy, warrants research exploring factors influencing the quality of child-father attachment relationships, and the impact of these relationships on children's social development. The current investigation explored various correlates of preschoolers' child-father attachment security to both parents, including contextual factors (i.e., socioeconomic status, child temperament, parenting stress), parental play sensitivity, and child social adaptation...
November 30, 2016: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894389/-qualitative-study-on-the-current-status-of-hospitalized-burn-children-s-quality-of-life
#5
R Q Lin, L Li, L Xu, Q Pan, J X Dai
Objective: To explore the current status of hospitalized burn children's quality of life, so as to lay foundation for carrying out the related intervention in future. Methods: Using qualitative research method, semi-structured interviews were conducted on 11 parents of burn children hospitalized in Department of Burns of Fujian Medical University Union Hospital from March to May 2016. Then the data were analyzed and concluded with phenomenological analysis method to refine the themes. Results: Parents' description about the current status of hospitalized burn children's quality of life could be summed up into four areas: physiology, psychology, social development, and family; and in six themes: obvious itching symptom, limited movement development, night terror and constant cry because of fear, reduced social game, negative attachment type, and parents under multiple pressures...
November 20, 2016: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894211/parenting-in-infancy-and-self-regulation-in-preschool-an-investigation-of-the-role-of-attachment-history
#6
R S Birmingham, K L Bub, B E Vaughn
Parenting and attachment are critical in the emergence of self-regulation (SR) in preschool. However, most studies use general indexes of parenting quality, failing to explore the unique contributions of sensitivity and home quality to SR. Further, the nature of the interplay between parenting and attachment history is not well understood. Using a sample of 938 children from The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development, a series of structural equation models were fit to determine whether sensitivity and home quality concurrently predicted SR at 54 months, and whether attachment mediated or moderated these pathways...
November 29, 2016: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889563/parent-and-peer-pathways-linking-childhood-experiences-of-abuse-with-marijuana-use-in-adolescence-and-adulthood
#7
W Alex Mason, M Jean Russo, Mary B Chmelka, Roy C Herrenkohl, Todd I Herrenkohl
INTRODUCTION: The social developmental processes by which child maltreatment increases risk for marijuana use are understudied. This study examined hypothesized parent and peer pathways linking preschool abuse and sexual abuse with adolescent and adult marijuana use. METHODS: Analyses used data from the Lehigh Longitudinal Study. Measures included child abuse (physical abuse, emotional abuse, domestic violence, and neglect) in preschool, sexual abuse up to age 18, adolescent (average age=18years) parental attachment and peer marijuana approval/use, as well as adolescent and adult (average age=36years) marijuana use...
November 17, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884654/a-narrative-review-of-interventions-addressing-the-parental-fetal-relationship
#8
Nicole Borg Cunen, Julie Jomeen, Rita Borg Xuereb, Angela Poat
BACKGROUND: Expectant parents develop varying degrees of emotional affiliation with the unborn child. Interventions supporting this relationship may be beneficial given its link to maternal health behaviour during pregnancy, as well as the parental-infant bond after birth. AIM: To identify and describe the effects of programmes and strategies that have addressed the parental-fetal relationship. METHOD: English-language primary studies, published between 2005-2015, were identified and their methodological quality was assessed...
November 21, 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880620/a-relational-model-for-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-captivity-trauma-a-23-year-longitudinal-study
#9
Gadi Zerach, Zahava Solomon
OBJECTIVES: The aversive, long-term toll of war captivity and fathers' combat-induced posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on adult offspring's secondary traumatization (ST) has been recently exemplified. However, the study of potential mechanisms of the intergenerational transmission of trauma to offspring is still lacking. This prospective study aimed to assess the role of fathers' PTSD symptoms (PTSS), paternal parenting, and adult offspring's attachment insecurities in adult offspring's PTSS...
2016: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876079/copenhagen-infant-mental-health-project-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-circle-of-security-parenting-and-care-as-usual-as-interventions-targeting-infant-mental-health-risks
#10
Mette Skovgaard Væver, Johanne Smith-Nielsen, Theis Lange
BACKGROUND: Infant mental health is a significant public health issue as early adversity and exposure to early childhood stress are significant risk factors that may have detrimental long-term developmental consequences for the affected children. Negative outcomes are seen on a range of areas such as physical and mental health, educational and labor market success, social network and establishing of family. Secure attachment is associated with optimal outcomes in all developmental domains in childhood, and both insecure and disorganized attachment are associated with a range of later problems and psychopathologies...
November 22, 2016: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870988/sensitivity-and-attachment-interventions-in-early-childhood-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Gary Mountain, Jane Cahill, Helen Thorpe
A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCT) was conducted to determine whether early interventions are effective in improving attachment security and parental sensitivity. Electronic databases were searched 2002-2015 onwards, All RCTs delivered to mothers, fathers or carers, before their child's mean age was 36 months, via 1:1 support, group work or guided self-help were included. The search was restricted to English Language publications. Study Selection, data extraction and quality appraisal were independently undertaken by two authors...
November 18, 2016: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865331/lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth-and-family-acceptance
#12
REVIEW
Sabra L Katz-Wise, Margaret Rosario, Michael Tsappis
In this article, we address theories of attachment and parental acceptance and rejection, and their implications for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youths' identity and health. We also provide 2 clinical cases to illustrate the process of family acceptance of a transgender youth and a gender nonconforming youth who was neither a sexual minority nor transgender. Clinical implications of family acceptance and rejection of LGBT youth are discussed.
December 2016: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864913/human-secretory-igm-antibodies-activate-human-complement-and-offer-protection-at-mucosal-surface
#13
Terje E Michaelsen, Sidsel Emilsen, Randi H Sandin, Beathe Kiland Granerud, Diane Bratlie, Oistein Ihle, Inger Sandlie
IgM molecules circulate in serum as large polymers, mainly pentamers, which can be transported by the poly-Ig receptor (pIgR) across epithelial cells to mucosal surfaces and released as secretory IgM (SIgM). The mucosal SIgM molecules have non-covalently attached secretory component (SC), which is the extracellular part of pIgR which is cleaved from the epithelial cell membrane. Serum IgM antibodies do not contain SC, and have previously been shown to make a conformational change from "a star" to a "staple" conformation upon reaction with antigens on a cell surface, enabling them to activate complement...
November 16, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864018/synthesis-and-biological-evaluation-of-novel-3-o-tethered-triazoles-of-diosgenin-as-potent-antiproliferative-agents
#14
Masood-Ur-Rahman, Younis Mohammad, Khalid Majid Fazili, Khursheed Ahmad Bhat, Tabassum Ara
Diosgenin, a promising anticancer steroidal sapogenin, was isolated from Dioscorea deltoidea. Keeping its stereochemistry rich architecture intact, a scheme for the synthesis of novel diosgenin analogues was designed using Cu (I)-catalysed alkyne-azide cycloaddition in order to study their structure-activity relationship. Both diosgenin and its analogues exhibited interesting anti-proliferative effect against four human cancer cell lines viz. HBL-100 (breast), A549 (lung), HT-29 (colon) and HCT-116 (colon) using [3-(4,5-dimethylthiazolyl-2)-2,5-diphenyltetrazoliumbromide] (MTT) assay...
November 15, 2016: Steroids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863527/the-role-of-social-position-and-depressive-symptoms-in-adolescence-for-life-course-trajectories-of-education-and-work-a-cohort-study
#15
Evelina Landstedt, Anna Brydsten, Anne Hammarström, Pekka Virtanen, Ylva B Almquist
BACKGROUND: While a vast amount of studies confirm the social reproduction of class and status from one generation to the next, less is known about the role of health in the child generation for these processes. Research has shown that particularly mental distress in adolescence is important for future life chances. This study aimed to examine the importance of parental socioeconomic position and depressive symptoms in youth for life-course trajectories of education and labour market attachment among men and women...
November 18, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861967/drone-transportation-of-blood-products
#16
Timothy Amukele, Paul M Ness, Aaron A R Tobian, Joan Boyd, Jeff Street
BACKGROUND: Small civilian unmanned aerial vehicles (drones) are a novel way to transport small goods. To the best of our knowledge there are no studies examining the impact of drone transport on blood products, describing approaches to maintaining temperature control, or component physical characteristics during drone transport. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Six leukoreduced red blood cell (RBC) and six apheresis platelet (PLT) units were split using sterile techniques...
November 11, 2016: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855427/anger-in-adulthood-in-participants-who-lost-their-father-during-the-war-in-croatia-when-they-were-in-their-formative-age
#17
Ivana Lončar, Mladen Lončar
BACKGROUND: Loss of parents in early childhood can have serious long-term psychological consequences. Abandoned by a close figure of attachment, many persons have developed the emotion of anger, even though the separation was caused by death. The traumatic experience of the loss of a parent is particularly hard in war, because most often it does not occur as an individual trauma. Our aim is to research anger as a personality trait in persons whose father had died in war at a time when they were children, and to compare it with an appropriate civilian control group of subjects...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854468/the-transmission-of-attachment-across-three-generations-a-study-in-adulthood
#18
Rosalinda Cassibba, Gabrielle Coppola, Giovanna Sette, Antonietta Curci, Alessandro Costantini
One of the most striking pieces of evidence in attachment research is that attachment security is transmitted from 1 generation to the next. Although there has been an enormous advance in the understanding of this process, this area of research suffers from some significant gaps, as for example the transmission across 3 generations when considering the 2 parents as well as the 2 couples of grandparents. The current study was designed to fill this gap in existing literature by investigating AAI attachment representations in the members of 3 generations, belonging to a total of 32 families, each including an adult offspring, both parents and the 4 grandparents (N = 224)...
November 17, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852170/parental-embodied-mentalizing-how-the-nonverbal-dance-between-parents-and-infants-predicts-children-s-socio-emotional-functioning
#19
Dana Shai, Jay Belsky
Parental mentalizing - the parent's ability to envision the child's mental states (such as desires, thoughts, or wishes) - has been argued to underlie a parent's ability to respond sensitively to their child's emotional needs, and thereby promote advantageous cognitive and socio-emotional development. Mentalizing is typically operationalized in terms of how parents talk to or about their infants. This work extends research on mentalizing by operationalizing parental mentalizing exclusively in terms of nonverbal, bodily based, interactive behavior, namely parental embodied mentalizing(PEM)...
November 16, 2016: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852132/trajectories-of-mothers-emotional-availability-relations-with-infant-temperament-in-predicting-attachment-security
#20
Bo-Ram Kim, Sy-Miin Chow, Bethany Bray, Douglas M Teti
The present study examined observations of parenting quality (mothers' emotional availability - EA) during infant bedtimes at 4 points across the infants' first year, assessing relations between levels and trajectories of EA and infant attachment at 12 months and the role of infant temperament in moderating these associations. The sample (N = 128) was predominantly Euro-American (82.5%) and at low socioeconomic risk. Latent growth curve modeling with latent basis coefficients indicated substantial individual differences in initial levels and slopes in EA trajectories across the first year...
November 16, 2016: Attachment & Human Development
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