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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441071/efficacy-and-safety-of-23-gauge-pars-plana-vitrectomy-silicone-oil-tamponade-combination-for-treatment-of-pediatric-post-traumatic-endophthalmitis
#1
Wei Jin, Yaopeng Xu, Wenjun Wang, Yiqiao Xing, Anhuai Yang
PURPOSE: To determine (i) the etiology, epidemiology, mechanism of injury, and risk factors associated with open globe injuries (OGIs) in children and (ii) visual outcomes of pediatric patients with post-traumatic endophthalmitis following 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) combined with silicone oil tamponade (SOT). METHODS: A total of 107 consecutive patients, <15 years of age, who had been diagnosed with post-traumatic endophthalmitis between September 2009 and October 2015, were included in this 6-year retrospective study...
April 25, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440709/the-relationship-between-attachment-style-and-placement-of-parents-in-adults-attachment-networks-over-time
#2
F S Julal, K B Carnelley, A Rowe
Using a bull's-eye hierarchical mapping technique (HMT), the present study examined placement of parents in adults' attachment networks over time. We hypothesized that attachment style would predict distance at which network members (mother, father, and romantic partner) would be placed from the core-self over time. Participants completed the HMT on two occasions, 12 months apart. Concurrently and over time, fathers were placed further from the core-self than mothers. Attachment style explained unique variance, beyond that accounted for by individual and relationship characteristics...
April 25, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439261/interaction-of-bacterial-membrane-vesicles-with-specific-species-and-their-potential-for-delivery-to-target-cells
#3
Yosuke Tashiro, Yusuke Hasegawa, Masaki Shintani, Kotaro Takaki, Moriya Ohkuma, Kazuhide Kimbara, Hiroyuki Futamata
Membrane vesicles (MVs) are secreted from a wide range of microbial species and transfer their content to other cells. Although MVs play critical roles in bacterial communication, whether MVs selectively interact with bacterial cells in microbial communities is unclear. In this study, we investigated the specificity of the MV-cell interactions and evaluated the potential of MVs to target bacterial cells for delivery. MV association with bacterial cells was examined using a fluorescent membrane dye to label MVs...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435561/solitary-osteochondroma-of-the-tibial-tuberosity-mimicking-osgood-schlatter-lesion-a-rare-cause-of-anterior-knee-pain-in-adolescents-a-case-report
#4
G Balaji, P Palaniappan, S Nema, J Menon
Osteochondroma arising from the tibial tuberosity is very rare. We report such a case which mimicked OsgoodSchlatter's disease in an adolescent. A 12 years-old boy presented with swelling over his right proximal tibia of one year duration associated with pain in the last three months. Examination revealed a 4 x 2cm bony mass arising from the proximal tibia. Radiographs revealed an osteochondroma of the tibial tuberosity. Computer tomography and magnetic resonance imaging confirmed the continuity of the medulla of the bony mass to that of the parent bone...
July 2016: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434970/transfer-of-c-terminal-residues-of-human-apolipoprotein-a-i-to-insect-apolipophorin-iii-creates-a-two-domain-chimeric-protein-with-enhanced-lipid-binding-activity
#5
James V C Horn, Rachel A Ellena, Jesse J Tran, Wendy H J Beck, Vasanthy Narayanaswami, Paul M M Weers
Apolipophorin III (apoLp-III) is an insect apolipoprotein (18kDa) that comprises a single five-helix bundle domain. In contrast, human apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) is a 28kDa two-domain protein: an α-helical N-terminal domain (residues 1-189) and a less structured C-terminal domain (residues 190-243). To better understand the apolipoprotein domain organization, a novel chimeric protein was engineered by attaching residues 179 to 243 of apoA-I to the C-terminal end of apoLp-III. The apoLp-III/apoA-I chimera was successfully expressed and purified in E...
April 20, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434591/oxytocin-and-vasopressin-neural-networks-implications-for-social-behavioral-diversity-and-translational-neuroscience
#6
REVIEW
Zachary V Johnson, Larry J Young
Oxytocin- and vasopressin-related systems are present in invertebrate and vertebrate bilaterian animals, including humans, and exhibit conserved neuroanatomical and functional properties. In vertebrates, these systems innervate conserved neural networks that regulate social learning and behavior, including conspecific recognition, social attachment, and parental behavior. Individual and species-level variation in central organization of oxytocin and vasopressin systems has been linked to individual and species variation in social learning and behavior...
May 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431269/oxytocin-in-the-postnatal-period-associations-with-attachment-and-maternal-caregiving
#7
Jane Kohlhoff, Valsamma Eapen, Mark Dadds, Feroza Khan, Derrick Silove, Bryanne Barnett
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the associations of maternal oxytocin, self-reported attachment insecurity and depressive symptoms with maternal caregiving sensitivity at 3-4months postpartum, observed during the 'free play' and 'reunion' episodes of the Still Face Procedure. METHODS: 112 mothers completed questionnaires and gave blood samples to determine oxytocin plasma levels before (time 1) and after participating in the Still Face Procedure with their infant (time 2)...
March 27, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426363/social-risk-and-protective-factors-in-adolescents-reduction-and-cessation-of-alcohol-use
#8
Tyrone C Cheng, Celia C Lo
BACKGROUND: Adolescents' alcohol use is related to many health problems, injuries, and violent acts, some with fatal consequences. A gap exists in the literature discussing risk/protective factors in change from non-heavy drinking to non-drinking, and also for change from heavy drinking to non-heavy drinking or non-drinking. OBJECTIVE: This secondary study examined some risk and protective factors involved when adolescent non-heavy drinkers and adolescent heavy drinkers curb or terminate their drinking...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425591/reflective-functioning-and-personality-organization-associations-with-negative-maternal-behaviors
#9
Karin Ensink, Marie-Eve Rousseau, Marko Biberdzic, Michaël Bégin, Lina Normandin
The aim of this study was to examine whether mothers who manifest insensitive and disconnected behaviors in interaction with their infants differ in terms of maternal reflective functioning (RF), personality organization, and histories of abuse. A total of 86 mother-infant dyads, 28 of them with histories of abuse, participated in the study. RF was assessed with the Adult Attachment Interview (C. George, N. Kaplan, & M. Main, 1985), and personality organization was assessed with the self-report Inventory of Personality Organization (M...
April 20, 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421709/gene-environment-interaction-influences-attachment-like-style-in-mice
#10
Glenda Lassi, Valter Tucci
Attachment styles are established soon after birth and form the basis for a healthy psychological life during adulthood. Here, we investigated whether genetic background (i.e., isogenic strains: C57Bl/6N and BALB/c) and parent-of-origin (i.e., reciprocal hybrids) epigenetic effects influence attachment-like styles in mice. We discovered that a specific genetic and epigenetic assortment exerts a role on the development of a secure or insecure attachment-like style. In particular, when biological mothers raise their pups, the attachment-like style is mainly secure, independently of the genetic background...
April 19, 2017: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421168/contribution-of-the-a-baumannii-a1s_0114-gene-to-the-interaction-with-eukaryotic-cells-and-virulence
#11
Soraya Rumbo-Feal, Astrid Pérez, Theresa A Ramelot, Laura Álvarez-Fraga, Juan A Vallejo, Alejandro Beceiro, Emily J Ohneck, Brock A Arivett, María Merino, Steven E Fiester, Michael A Kennedy, Luis A Actis, Germán Bou, Margarita Poza
Genetic and functional studies showed that some components of the Acinetobacter baumannii ATCC 17978 A1S_0112-A1S_0119 gene cluster are critical for biofilm biogenesis and surface motility. Recently, our group has shown that the A1S_0114 gene was involved in biofilm formation, a process related with pathogenesis. Confirming our previous results, microscopy images revealed that the ATCC 17978 Δ0114 derivative lacking this gene was unable to form a mature biofilm structure. Therefore, other bacterial phenotypes were analyzed to determine the role of this gene in the pathogenicity of A...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421026/keeping-the-spirits-up-the-effect-of-teachers-and-parents-emotional-support-on-children-s-working-memory-performance
#12
Loren Vandenbroucke, Jantine Spilt, Karine Verschueren, Dieter Baeyens
Working memory, used to temporarily store and mentally manipulate information, is important for children's learning. It is therefore valuable to understand which (contextual) factors promote or hinder working memory performance. Recent research shows positive associations between positive parent-child and teacher-student interactions and working memory performance and development. However, no study has yet experimentally investigated how parents and teachers affect working memory performance. Based on attachment theory, the current study investigated the role of parent and teacher emotional support in promoting working memory performance by buffering the negative effect of social stress...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420287/associations-between-early-caregiving-and-rural-low-ses-african-american-children-s-representations-of-attachment-relationships
#13
Geoffrey L Brown, Hanna C Gustafsson, W Roger Mills-Koonce, Martha J Cox
Little research has examined the legacy of early maternal care for later attachment representations among low-income and ethnic minority school-aged children. Using data from a sample of 276 rural, low-income, African-American families, this study examined associations between maternal care in infancy and children's representations of attachment figures in middle childhood. Maternal care was coded from 10-min home-based observations at 6, 15, and 24 months of age. Representations of attachment figures were assessed using the Manchester Child Attachment Story Task at 6 years of age...
April 18, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414546/behavioral-parent-training-in-infancy-what-about-the-parent-infant-relationship
#14
Angela M Blizzard, Nicole E Barroso, Francisco G Ramos, Paulo A Graziano, Daniel M Bagner
Behavioral parent training (BPT) and attachment interventions have demonstrated efficacy in improving outcomes for young children. Despite theoretical overlap in these approaches, the literature has evolved separately, particularly with respect to outcome measurement in BPT. We examined the impact of the Infant Behavior Program (IBP), a brief home-based adaptation of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy, on changes in attachment-based caregiving behaviors (sensitivity, warmth, and intrusiveness) at postintervention and 3- and 6-month follow-ups during a videotaped infant-led play...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414504/the-qualities-of-attachment-with-significant-others-and-self-compassion-protect-adolescents-from-non-suicidal-self-injury
#15
Yongqiang Jiang, Jianing You, Xiaoling Zheng, Min-Pei Lin
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a serious public health problem. Identifying the factors that could help prevent or reduce NSSI is important. The current study examined the protective roles of the perceived qualities of current attachment to significant others (i.e., mothers, fathers, and peers) and self-compassion in adolescent NSSI. The potential mediating effect of self-compassion in the relationships between attachment relationships with mothers, fathers, and peers and adolescent NSSI was also explored...
April 17, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412510/empathy-networks-in-the-parental-brain-and-their-long-term-effects-on-children-s-stress-reactivity-and-behavior-adaptation
#16
Eyal Abraham, Gal Raz, Orna Zagoory-Sharon, Ruth Feldman
Parental empathy is a key component of sensitive parenting that supports children's social adaptation throughout life. Consistent with a two dissociable network perspective on empathy, we measured within- and between-network integrity of two empathy-related networks in the parental brain as predictors of children's social outcomes across the first six years of life. We focused on two empathy networks; embodied simulation, which supports parents' capacity to resonate with infant state and emotions and implicates cingulo-insulary structures, and mentalizing, which underpins parents' theory-of-mind and mental attributions via prefrontal-temporo-parietal circuit...
April 13, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411577/perceived-parental-child-rearing-and-attachment-as-predictors-of-anxiety-and-depressive-disorder-symptoms-in-children-the-mediational-role-of-attachment
#17
Paloma Chorot, Rosa M Valiente, Ana M Magaz, Miguel A Santed, Bonifacio Sandin
The present study aimed to examine (a) the relative contribution of perceived parental child-rearing behaviors and attachment on anxiety and depressive symptoms, and (b) the role of attachment as a possible mediator of the association between parental rearing and anxiety and depression. A sample of 1002 children (aged 9-12 years) completed a booklet of self-report questionnaires measuring parental rearing behaviors, attachment towards peers, and DSM anxiety and depressive disorder symptoms. We found that parental aversiveness, parental neglect, and fearful/preoccupied attachment, each accounted for a significant amount of the variance in both anxiety and depressive symptoms...
April 7, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410026/variation-in-growth-drives-the-duration-of-parental-care-a-test-of-ydenberg-s-model
#18
Kyle H Elliott, Jannie F Linnebjerg, Chantelle Burke, Anthony J Gaston, Anders Mosbech, Morten Frederiksen, Flemming Merkel
The duration of parental care in animals varies widely, from none to lifelong. Such variation is typically thought to represent a trade-off between growth and safety. Seabirds show wide variation in the age at which offspring leave the nest, making them ideal to test the idea that a trade-off between high energy gain at sea and high safety at the nest drives variation in departure age (Ydenberg's model). To directly test the model assumptions, we attached time-depth recorders to murre parents (fathers [which do all parental care at sea] and mothers; [Formula: see text] of each)...
May 2017: American Naturalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409643/economical-doubly-electron-attached-equation-of-motion-coupled-cluster-methods-with-an-active-space-treatment-of-3-particle-1-hole-and-4-particle-2-hole-excitations
#19
Adeayo Olayinka Ajala, Jun Shen, Piotr Piecuch
The previously developed active-space doubly electron-attached (DEA) equation-of-motion (EOM) coupled-cluster (CC) method with up to 4-particle-2-hole (4p-2h) excitations [Shen, J.; Piecuch, P. J. Chem. Phys. 2013, 138, 194102], which utilizes the idea of applying a linear electron-attaching operator to the CC ground state of an (N-2)-electron closed-shell system to generate ground and excited states of the N-electron open-shell species of interest, has been extended to a considerably less expensive model, in which both 3p-1h and 4p-2h terms rather than 4p-2h contributions only are selected using active orbitals...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408893/bridging-the-gap-across-the-transition-to-coparenthood-triadic-interactions-and-coparenting-representations-from-pregnancy-through-12-months-postpartum
#20
Regina Kuersten-Hogan
Most family researchers agree that the coparenting relationship emerges some time during the transition to parenthood, though it is unclear whether it originates in pregnancy. Previous studies demonstrated that couples' positive representations of their future coparenting relationship and harmonious coparenting behaviors observed during prenatal triadic interactions predicted better postpartum functioning. However, previous studies did not simultaneously assess prenatal coparenting behaviors and representations as predictors of postpartum coparenting...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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