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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228967/self-reported-patterns-of-impairments-in-mentalization-attachment-and-psychopathology-among-clinically-referred-adolescents-with-and-without-borderline-personality-pathology
#1
Sune Bo, Mickey Kongerslev
BACKGROUND: Previous research, which primarily focused on adult samples, suggests that individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD) display high levels of psychopathology, dysfunctional mentalization and problematic attachment to others. The current study investigated whether impairments in mentalization, attachment, and psychopathology are more severe in outpatient adolescents with BPD than in a clinical comparison group. METHODS: Consecutive referrals to a child and adolescent psychiatric clinic were clinically assessed with a battery of self-report instruments to assess mentalization, attachment, and psychopathology...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225818/heat-induced-radiolabeling-and-click-chemistry-a-powerful-combination-for-generating-multifunctional-nanomaterials
#2
Hushan Yuan, Moses Q Wilks, Georges El Fakhri, Marc D Normandin, Charalambos Kaittanis, Lee Josephson
A key advantage of nanomaterials for biomedical applications is their ability to feature multiple small reporter groups (multimodality), or combinations of reporter groups and therapeutic agents (multifunctionality), while being targeted to cell surface receptors. Here a facile combination of techniques for the syntheses of multimodal, targeted nanoparticles (NPs) is presented, whereby heat-induced-radiolabeling (HIR) labels NPs with radiometals and so-called click chemistry is used to attach bioactive groups to the NP surface...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214969/attached-and-suspended-denitrifier-communities-in-pristine-limestone-aquifers-harbor-high-fractions-of-potential-autotrophs-oxidizing-reduced-iron-and-sulfur-compounds
#3
M Herrmann, S Opitz, R Harzer, K U Totsche, K Küsel
Oxygen and nitrate availability as well as the presence of suitable organic or inorganic electron donors are strong drivers of denitrification; however, the factors influencing denitrifier abundance and community composition in pristine aquifers are not well understood. We explored the denitrifier community structure of suspended and attached groundwater microorganisms in two superimposed limestone aquifer assemblages with contrasting oxygen regime in the Hainich Critical Zone Exploratory (Germany). Attached communities were retrieved from freshly crushed parent rock material which had been exposed for colonization in two groundwater wells (12...
February 18, 2017: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213745/perceptions-of-parent-child-attachment-relationships-and-friendship-qualities-predictors-of-romantic-relationship-involvement-and-quality-in-adolescence
#4
Logan B Kochendorfer, Kathryn A Kerns
Relationships with parents and friends are important contexts for developing romantic relationship skills. Parents and friends may influence both the timing of involvement and the quality of romantic relationships. Three models of the joint influence of parents and friends (direct effects model, mediation model, and moderator model) have been proposed. The present study uses data from a longitudinal study (n = 1012; 49.8% female; 81.1% Caucasian) to examine how attachment and friendship quality at age 10 years predict romantic relationship involvement and quality at ages 12 and 15 years...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212591/maternal-bonding-through-pregnancy-and-postnatal-findings-from-an-australian-longitudinal-study
#5
Larissa Rossen, Delyse Hutchinson, Judy Wilson, Lucinda Burns, Steve Allsop, Elizabeth J Elliott, Sue Jacobs, Jacqui A Macdonald, Craig Olsson, Richard P Mattick
Background Mother-infant bonding provides the foundation for secure attachment through the lifespan and organizes many facets of infant social-emotional development, including later parenting. Aims To describe maternal bonding to offspring across the pregnancy and postnatal periods, and to examine a broad range of sociodemographic and psychosocial predictors of the maternal-offspring bond. Methods Data were drawn from a sample of 372 pregnant women participating in an Australian population-based longitudinal study of postnatal health and development...
February 17, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203082/the-parental-bonding-in-families-of-adolescents-with-anorexia-attachment-representations-between-parents-and-offspring
#6
Laura Balottin, Stefania Mannarini, Maura Rossi, Giorgio Rossi, Umberto Balottin
INTRODUCTION: The attachment theory is widely used in order to explain anorexia nervosa origin, course and treatment response. Nevertheless, very little literature specifically investigated parental bonding in adolescents with anorexia, as well as the parents' own bonding and intergenerational transmission within the family. PURPOSE: This study aims to identify any specific pattern of parental bonding in families of adolescents newly diagnosed with restricting-type anorexia, comparing them to the families of the control group...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202409/effects-of-bonding-with-parents-and-home-culture-on-intercultural-adaptations-and-the-moderating-role-of-genes
#7
Desiree Y Phua, Michael J Meaney, Chiea Chuen Khor, Ivy Y M Lau, Ying-Yi Hong
In the current age of globalization, living abroad is becoming an increasingly common and highly sought after experience. Sojourners' ability to adjust to a new culture can be affected by their existing attachments, internalized as intrapsychic environment, as well as their biological sensitivity to environment. This sensitivity can be partly attributed to one's genomic endowments. As such, this prospective study sought to examine the differential effects of early experiences with parents and affection for home culture on young adults' ability to adapt to a foreign culture (n=305, students who studied overseas for a semester) - specifically, the difficulties they experience - moderated by genetic susceptibility...
February 12, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199026/secure-base-script-content-explains-the-association-between-attachment-avoidance-and-emotion-related-constructs-in-parents-of-young-children
#8
Jessica L Borelli, Margaret L Burkhart, Hannah F Rasmussen, Robin Brody, David A Sbarra
The secure base script (SBS) framework is one method of assessing implicit internal working models of attachment; recently, researchers have applied this method to analyze narratives regarding relationship experiences. This study examines the associations between attachment avoidance and SBS content when parents recall a positive moment of connection between themselves and their children (relational savoring) as well as their association with parental emotion and reflective functioning (RF). Using a sample of parents (N = 155, 92% female) of young children (53% boys, Mage = 12...
February 15, 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194281/effects-of-father-neonate-skin-to-skin-contact-on-attachment-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Er-Mei Chen, Meei-Ling Gau, Chieh-Yu Liu, Tzu-Ying Lee
This study examines how skin-to-skin contact between father and newborn affects the attachment relationship. A randomized controlled trial was conducted at a regional teaching hospital and a maternity clinic in northern Taiwan. The study recruited 83 first-time fathers aged 20 years or older. By block randomization, participants were allocated to an experimental (n = 41) or a control (n = 42) group. With the exception of skin-to-skin contact (SSC), participants from each group received the same standard care...
2017: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186334/a-novel-bxb1-integrase-rmce-system-for-high-fidelity-site-specific-integration-of-mab-expression-cassette-in-cho-cells
#10
Mara C Inniss, Kalpanie Bandara, Barbara Jusiak, Tim K Lu, Ron Weiss, Liliana Wroblewska, Lin Zhang
As CHO cell line development for biotherapeutic production becomes more sophisticated through the availability of the CHO genome sequence, the ability to accurately and reproducibly engineer the host cell genome has become increasingly important. Multiple well characterized systems for site-specific integration will enable more complex cell line engineering to generate cell lines with desirable attributes. We built and characterized a novel recombinase mediated cassette exchange (RMCE) system using Bxb1 integrase and compared it to the commonly used Flp/FRT RMCE system...
February 10, 2017: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183009/similarities-and-differences-in-the-meanings-children-and-their-parents-attach-to-epilepsy-medications
#11
Michelle Webster
By exploring the meanings children and their parents attached to two household treatments for childhood epilepsy (antiepileptic drugs and emergency medications), this paper broadens our understanding of the ways in which children view their medications and how these views can impact on their adherence to treatment. The paper draws on data collected during 2013 and 2014 from 24 families across the UK that had a child with epilepsy aged 3-13 years. In-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with the parents and 10 children participated in autodriven photo-elicitation interviews...
February 1, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182882/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-child-maltreatment-among-migrant-families-in-china
#12
Yunjiao Gao, Sally Atkinson-Sheppard, Xing Liu
Although cases of child abuse among migrant families are often reported by social media, the issue of child maltreatment among migrant families in China has received little empirical attention. This study investigated both the prevalence of child maltreatment by parents among migrant families, and the individual, family and community-level risk factors associated with child abuse in this context. A survey was conducted with 667 migrant and 496 local adolescents in Shenzhen, South China, with a stratified two-stage cluster sampling design...
February 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182282/antenatal-determinants-of-parental-attachment-and-parenting-alliance-how-do-mothers-and-fathers-differ
#13
Rita Luz, Astrid George, Rachel Vieux, Elisabeth Spitz
Parental (parent-to-infant) attachment and parenting alliance are defined as two important components of psychoaffective adjustment to the parental role. This study aimed to build a predictive model of parental attachment and parenting alliance for mothers and fathers using partial least squares-structural equation modeling. Specifically, we were interested in assessing how adult romantic attachment, marital quality, and psychological distress influenced parental attachment (parent-to-infant) and parenting alliance...
February 9, 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176344/it-is-a-matter-of-how-you-say-it-verbal-content-and-prosody-matching-as-an-index-of-emotion-regulation-strategies-during-the-adult-attachment-interview
#14
Maria Spinelli, Mirco Fasolo, Gabrielle Coppola, Tiziana Aureli
Emotional activation can be detected by the prosodic properties of the voice. This study aimed to explore the match between the valence of the words used by secure and dismissing women in describing the relationship with their parents during the Adult Attachment Interview and their emotional activation as expressed through the prosody of the voice. Contrary to what observed for secure women, a discrepancy emerged in dismissing individuals between the content of their verbal reports during the interview and the emotional activation of their voice while speaking...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173184/parents-romantic-attachment-predicts-family-ritual-meaning-and-family-cohesion-among-parents-and-their-children-with-cancer
#15
Susana Santos, Carla Crespo, M Cristina Canavarro, Anne E Kazak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170017/quantitative-glycomics-using-liquid-phase-separations-coupled-to-mass-spectrometry
#16
REVIEW
Josh Smith, Stefan Mittermayr, Csaba Váradi, Jonathan Bones
Post-translational modification of proteins by the attachment of glycans is governed by a variety of highly specific enzymes and is associated with fundamental impacts on the parent protein's physical, chemical and biological properties. The inherent connection between cellular physiology and specific glycosylation patterns has been shown to offer potential for diagnostic and prognostic monitoring of altered glycosylation in the disease state. Conversely, glycoprotein based biopharmaceuticals have emerged as dominant therapeutic strategies in the treatment of intricate diseases...
February 7, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169081/conjugates-of-phosphorylated-zalcitabine-and-lamivudine-with-sio2-nanoparticles-synthesis-by-cuaac-click-chemistry-and-preliminary-assessment-of-anti-hiv-and-antiproliferative-activity
#17
Svetlana V Vasilyeva, Alexander A Shtil, Albina S Petrova, Sergei M Balakhnin, Polina Y Achigecheva, Dmitry A Stetsenko, Vladimir N Silnikov
Conjugates of phosphorylated dideoxynucleoside antiviral drugs dideoxycytidine (zalcitabine) and lamivudine with SiO2 nanoparticles were obtained via the copper(I)-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC) click chemistry between a nucleoside triphosphate containing an alkynyl group at the γ-phosphate or azidothymidine triphosphate and SiO2 nanoparticles containing alkyl azide or alkynyl groups, respectively. 4-(Prop-2-yn-1-yloxy)butylamino group has been attached to the γ-phosphate group of dideoxycytidine (zalcitabine) and lamivudine 5'-triphosphates via the phosphoramidate linkage...
January 25, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167310/change-trajectories-of-aggressive-behavior-among-children-in-long-term-residential-care
#18
Shalhevet Attar-Schwartz, Rami Benbenishty, Ilan Roziner
This study examined change trajectories of aggressive behaviors among children in long-term residential care in Israel and identified various child-, family-, and placement-related predictors of the change trajectories. Records of 799 children (average age at the beginning of the four years=10.4, 33.1% female) in their first four consecutive years in care were analyzed using the TRF aggressive behavior subscale (Achenbach, 1991) to measure the outcome variable. Children's and parents' characteristics and placement-related factors were used to explain variance in change trajectories...
February 3, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163690/mentalizing-makes-parenting-work-a-review-about-parental-reflective-functioning-and-clinical-interventions-to-improve-it
#19
REVIEW
Andrea Camoirano
In the last decade several studies have investigated the role of parental reflective functioning (RF), defined as the parental ability to understand his/her child's mental states, on the child's development. Herein, a narrative review on parental RF is presented aimed at (1) presenting an overview of the existing empirical studies, (2) pinpointing unrequited questions, and (3) identifying future research directions. Specifically, the current review focused on (a) the impact of parental RF on the quality of caregiving and the child's attachment security, (b) the effect of parental RF on the child's emotion regulation and the child's RF, (c) maternal RF in women with a history of neglect and abuse, (d) the efficacy of mentalization-based clinical interventions, and (e) the recently developed Parental Reflective Questionnaire...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155951/quantifying-the-equilibrium-partitioning-of-substituted-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-in-aerosols-and-clouds-using-cosmotherm
#20
Boluwatife Awonaike, Chen Wang, Kai-Uwe Goss, Frank Wania
Functional groups attached to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) can significantly modify the environmental fate of the parent compound. Equilibrium partition coefficients, which are essential for describing the environmental phase distribution of a compound, are largely unavailable for substituted PAHs (SPAHs). Here, COSMOtherm, a software based on quantum-chemical calculations is used to estimate the atmospherically relevant partition coefficients between the gas phase, the aqueous bulk phase, the water surface and the water insoluble organic matter phase, as well as the salting-out coefficients, for naphthalene, anthracene, phenanthrene, benz(a)anthracene, benzo(a)pyrene and dibenz(a,h)anthracene and 62 of their substituted counterparts...
February 3, 2017: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
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