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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045257/fathers-the-lost-ring-in-the-chain-of-family-centered-care-a-phenomenological-study-in-neonatal-intensive-care-units-of-iran
#1
Sousan Valizadeh, Jila Mirlashari, Elham Navab, Wendy Higman, Fatemeh Ghorbani
BACKGROUND: The basic principles of family-centered care in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) include the unlimited presence of parents and their participation in infant's care. Nurses play a central role in encouraging parental attachment with their infant. PURPOSE: This study was carried out with the aim of understanding NICU nurses' lived experiences of family participation in family-centered care. METHODS: This interpretative phenomenological study was conducted on the basis of Heideggerian philosophy...
October 17, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038938/a-secure-base-from-which-to-cooperate-security-child-and-parent-willing-stance-and-adaptive-and-maladaptive-outcomes-in-two-longitudinal-studies
#2
Kathryn C Goffin, Lea J Boldt, Grazyna Kochanska
Early secure attachment plays a key role in socialization by inaugurating a long-term mutual positive, collaborative interpersonal orientation within the parent-child dyad. We report findings from Family Study (community mothers, fathers, and children, from age 2 to 12, N = 102, 51 girls) and Play Study (exclusively low-income mothers and children, from age 3.5 to 7, N = 186, 90 girls). We examined links among observed secure attachment at toddler age, child and parent receptive, willing stance to each other, observed in parent-child contexts at early school age, and developmental outcomes...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034733/mothers-personal-and-interpersonal-function-as-potential-mediators-between-maternal-maltreatment-history-and-child-behavior-problems
#3
Jessica Pereira, Jaclyn A Ludmer, Andrea Gonzalez, Leslie Atkinson
This study examined maternal depressive symptoms, social support, parenting, and adult attachment as mediators explaining the relation between maternal childhood maltreatment and child behavior in offspring. We assessed a community sample of 96 mother-child dyads. At child age 16 months, mothers self-reported maltreatment history, adult attachment, depressive symptoms, and social support, and maternal sensitivity was assessed via 2 hr of direct behavioral observation. Maternal reports of child behavior were collected at 5 years...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024847/how-children-remember-the-strange-situation-the-role-of-attachment
#4
Yoojin Chae, Miranda Goodman, Gail S Goodman, Natalie Troxel, Kelly McWilliams, Ross A Thompson, Phillip R Shaver, Keith F Widaman
This study tested predictions from Bowlby's attachment theory about children's memory and suggestibility. Young children (3-5years old, N=88; 76% Caucasians) and their parents took part in the Strange Situation Procedure, a moderately distressing event and "gold standard" for assessing children's attachment quality. The children were then interviewed about what occurred during the event. Children's age and attachment security scores positively predicted correct information in free recall and accuracy in answering specific questions...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023183/attachment-and-effortful-control-in-toddlerhood-predict-academic-achievement-over-a-decade-later
#5
Lilian Dindo, Rebecca L Brock, Nazan Aksan, Wakiza Gamez, Grazyna Kochanska, Lee Anna Clark
A child's attachment to his or her caregiver is central to the child's development. However, current understanding of subtle, indirect, and complex long-term influences of attachment on various areas of functioning remains incomplete. Research has shown that (a) parent-child attachment influences the development of effortful control and that (b) effortful control influences academic success. The entire developmental cascade among these three constructs over many years, however, has rarely been examined. This article reports a multimethod, decade-long study that examined the influence of mother-child attachment and effortful control in toddlerhood on school achievement in early adolescence...
October 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016109/electron-deficient-near-infrared-pt-ii-and-pd-ii-benzoporphyrins-with-dual-phosphorescence-and-unusually-efficient-thermally-activated-delayed-fluorescence-first-demonstration-of-simultaneous-oxygen-and-temperature-sensing-with-a-single-emitter
#6
Peter W Zach, Stefan A Freunberger, Ingo Klimant, Sergey M Borisov
We report a family of Pt and Pd benzoporphyrin dyes with versatile photophysical properties and easy access from cheap and abundant chemicals. Attaching 4 or 8 alkylsulfone groups onto a meso-tetraphenyltetrabenzoporphyrin (TPTBP) macrocylcle renders the dyes highly soluble in organic solvents, photostable and electron-deficient with the redox potential raised up to 0.65 V versus the parent porphyrin. The new dyes intensively absorb in the blue (Soret band, 440-480 nm) and in the red (Q band, 620-650 nm) parts of the electromagnetic spectrum and show bright phosphorescence at room-temperature in the NIR with quantum yields up to 30% in solution...
October 10, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994326/when-things-get-complicated-at-risk-attachment-in-children-and-adolescents-with-chronic-pain
#7
Lux Ratnamohan, Kasia Kozlowska
Pain is a signal of danger, and danger activates the attachment system. When a parent responds to a child's pain with appropriate protection and comfort, more often than not, the pain resolves. But what happens in families when a child's pain becomes chronic and continues to signal a danger that has long passed? This study explored patterns of attachment in 48 children and adolescents with chronic functional pain and 48 healthy controls using structured attachment interviews. Patterns of attachment were identified using the Dynamic Maturational Model of Attachment...
October 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985958/a-scoping-review-of-evidence-based-interventions-available-to-parents-of-maltreated-children-ages-0-5-involved-with-child-welfare-services
#8
Ashley L Landers, Alan McLuckie, Robin Cann, Valerie Shapiro, Sarah Visintini, Bruce MacLaurin, Nico Trocmé, Michael Saini, Normand J Carrey
Parents referred to child welfare services for child maltreatment often struggle against chronic risk factors including violence, substance abuse, mental health concerns, and poverty, which impinge upon their ability to be sensitive caregivers. The first line of intervention within the child welfare context is to modify parenting behavior. This scoping review comprehensively surveyed all available literature to map the extent and range of research activity around the types of interventions available within a child welfare context to parents of infants and toddlers (0-5 years of age), to identify the facilitators and/or barriers to the uptake of interventions, and to check that interventions match the risk factors faced by parents...
October 3, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983432/maternity-leave-policies-trade-offs-between-labour-market-demands-and-health-benefits-for-children
#9
Lucy Strang, Miriam Broeks
Over recent years many European Union countries have made changes to the design of the maternity leave provision. These policy developments reflect calls for greater gender equality in the workforce and more equal share of childcare responsibilities. However, while research shows that long period of leave can have negative effects on women's labour market attachment and career advancements, early return to work can be seen as a factor preventing exclusive breastfeeding, and therefore, potentially having negative health impacts for babies...
January 2017: Rand Health Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981317/an-analysis-of-avoidant-and-approach-coping-as-mediators-of-the-relationship-between-paternal-and-maternal-attachment-security-and-outcomes-in-child-victims-of-sexual-abuse
#10
Martine Hébert, Marie-Ève Daspe, Mireille Cyr
OBJECTIVE: Prior studies have documented the potential role of nonoffending parent support in promoting recovery of adult survivors following sexual abuse (SA). However, few studies have distinguished the maternal and paternal role and the mechanisms by which quality of the parent-child relationship might foster more positive outcomes in child victims. The purpose of this study was to examine coping strategies as mediators of the link between mother-child and father-child relationship and outcomes following child SA...
October 5, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975800/fathers-experiences-of-their-child-s-life-limiting-condition-an-attachment-narrative-perspective
#11
Oliver Bailey-Pearce, Jacqui Stedmon, Rudi Dallos, George Davis
When a child has a life-limiting illness, parental involvement is amplified, having to respond to the increased needs of the child. Both parents are affected by the illness, yet research has largely under-represented fathers' experiences of their child's illness. Seven fathers were interviewed about their experiences with their child's life-limiting illness. In addition, fathers' attachment strategies were assessed using the Adult Attachment Interview. Narrative analysis was implemented to explore the interviews, and indicators of attachment markers employed in the Adult Attachment Interview were also identified...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970318/parental-experience-of-interaction-with-healthcare-professionals-during-their-infant-s-stay-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#12
Katie Gallagher, Chloe Shaw, Narendra Aladangady, Neil Marlow
OBJECTIVE: To explore the experiences of parents of infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit towards interaction with healthcare professionals during their infants critical care. DESIGN: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with parents of critically ill infants admitted to neonatal intensive care and prospectively enrolled in a study of communication in critical care decision making. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and uploaded into NVivo V...
September 29, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970070/characteristics-of-subgroups-in-the-adult-baby-diaper-lover-community
#13
Brian D Zamboni
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of research on adult baby/diaper lover (ABDL) behavior, particularly from community samples. Prior studies have not examined differences between the AB and DL subgroups in the ABDL community. AIM: To explore whether endorsements of AB role-play enjoyment and ratings of sexual enjoyment during ABDL activity were related to parenting and attachment variables, negative mood states, and reported problems with ABDL and to explore differences by relationship status and by sexual orientation...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968544/interdependence-of-attachment-styles-and-relationship-quality-in-parent-adolescent-dyads
#14
Chong Man Chow, Ellen Hart, Lillian Ellis, Cin Cin Tan
The current study examined how attachment styles of parents and adolescents may jointly influence the quality of their relationship. Parent-adolescent (Ndyads = 77) pairs were recruited from a Midwestern town in the United States. The mean of adolescents' age was 16.25. Both members reported their attachment styles, relationship closeness, and relationship discord. The Actor-Partner Interdependence Model (APIM) showed that both members' attachment avoidance was associated with self-report lower levels of closeness...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967766/parenthood-after-reproductive-loss-how-psychotherapy-can-help-with-postpartum-adjustment-and-parent-infant-attachment
#15
David J Diamond, Martha O Diamond
Parenting after pregnancy loss is often complicated for people who have not effectively grieved the loss and worked through the trauma. Reproductive losses can trigger shame and self-doubt, damage the sense of self-as-parent, and inflict narcissistic injuries, which, in turn, may impede the resolution of grief. If not addressed, these unresolved feelings may be projected onto subsequent children, potentially disrupting attachment relationships and the child's sense of self. The reproductive story, a lifelong internal narrative that comprises the thoughts, feelings, and hopes about how parenting and adulthood will unfold, and forms the core of parental identity, can be used as a tool in helping parents understand the depth of their feelings, integrate current and past losses into the self, and resolve grief...
October 2, 2017: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962068/the-effect-of-perinatal-depression-treatment-for-mothers-on-parenting-and-child-development-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Nicole L Letourneau, Cindy-Lee Dennis, Nela Cosic, Jordana Linder
Antenatal and postpartum depression are very common and have significant consequences for mothers and their children. This review examines which antenatal depression (AD) and postpartum depression (PPD) treatment interventions are most efficacious in improving parenting and/or child development. CINAHL, Scopus, Cochrane Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Controlled Trials, Medline (OVID), Embase (OVID), PsychINFO, PsycARTICLES, AMED, and reference lists were searched. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi-experimental studies assessing the effect of AD, PPD, or both treatment interventions on parenting and/or child development were included...
October 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959921/a-short-term-longitudinal-study-of-correlates-and-sequelae-of-attachment-security-in-autism
#17
Agata Rozga, Erik Hesse, Mary Main, Robbie Duschinsky, Leila Beckwith, Marian Sigman
In this short-term longitudinal study, 30 preschool-aged children with autism were first observed in Ainsworth's Strange Situation Procedure and, separately, interacting with the primary caregiver in the home. One year later, each child completed both a developmental assessment and an observational assessment of empathic responding. Behaviors typical for children with autism were distinguished from behaviors suggestive of relationally based attachment disorganization. Forty-five percent of the children were classified as securely attached...
September 29, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959917/a-qualitative-study-of-men-s-recollections-of-growing-up-with-father-absence-childhood-father-figures-and-family-resilience
#18
Leah East, Marie Hutchinson, Tamara Power, Debra Jackson
BACKGROUND: Families come in many forms and single parent women headed households are common with nurses being well positioned to provide support for these women and their children. For children growing up in lone parent households, the nature of family relationships and the availability of a social support network are important factors in reducing developmental risks. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore adult men's recollections of growing up in a father absent home...
September 29, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950954/neurobiology-of-infant-attachment-attachment-despite-adversity-and-parental-programming-of-emotionality
#19
REVIEW
Rosemarie E Perry, Clancy Blair, Regina M Sullivan
We review recent findings related to the neurobiology of infant attachment, emphasizing the role of parenting quality in attachment formation and emotional development. Current findings suggest that the development of brain structures important for emotional expression and regulation (amygdala, prefrontal cortex, hippocampus) is deeply associated with the quality of care received in infancy, with sensitive caregiving providing regulation vital for programming these structures, ultimately shaping the development of emotion into adulthood...
October 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945484/evaluation-of-maternal-attachment-self-efficacy-levels-of-depression-and-anxiety-in-mothers-who-have-babies-diagnosed-with-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#20
Gonca Özyurt, Ayhan Özyurt, Taylan Özyurt, Aylin Yaman, A Tulin Berk
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the emotional stress and its effects on parental self-efficacy and mother-infant attachment in mothers whose babies were diagnosed with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: Study sample was consisted of voluntarily participating 82 mothers whose babies were first diagnosed with ROP, 83 mothers of preterm babies without ROP, and 85 mothers of term babies admitting for their routine visits. Sociodemographic data form maternal attachment scale, state-trait anxiety inventory, Edinburgh postnatal depression scale, and parental self-efficacy scale were applied to study participants, and the overall results of three groups were statistically compared...
September 25, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
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