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pediatric vegetarian

Mathilde Kersting, Ute Alexy, Susanne Schürmann
The adequacy of a diet is usually evaluated based on nutrient intake. As people eat foods but not nutrients, food-based dietary guidelines (FBDG) are needed. To evaluate dietary habits in infants and young children, the following stepwise approach is suggested: (1) develop country-specific FBDG to identify the potential of common nonfortified foods to ensure adequate nutrient intake and (2) examine potential 'critical' dietary patterns if main food groups are excluded, such as in vegetarian diets or if a family's precarious social status leads to food constraints...
2016: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Somashekarappa Dhananjaya, Narayana Manjunatha, Rajashekaaiah Manjunatha, Seetharamarao Udaya Kumar
Cobalamin is an important nutrient. It is not synthesized in human body and supplied only in nonvegetarian diet. Its deficiency reported with range of psychiatric disorders. Only four pediatric cases have been reported as psychiatric disorders. Authors report a case of dietary deficiency of cobalamin presenting solely as schizoaffective disorder without hematological/neurological manifestations. Early diagnosis and treatment of cobalamin deficiency is an opportunity to reverse pathophysiology. This case highlights the importance of diet history and serum cobalamin level in atypical psychiatric presentations...
July 2015: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Rohan Malik, Anshu Srivastava, Sanjay Gambhir, Surender K Yachha, Murthy Siddegowda, Madusudhanan Ponnusamy, Ujjal Poddar
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Disorders of gastric emptying constitute an important group of conditions in children. The diagnostic gold standard is scintigraphy, and recommendations for standardization have been published with adult normative data. Pediatric literature lacks standardized age specific normative values. Our aim was to establish normal values of solid phase gastric emptying utilizing scintigraphy in children (5-18 years) using the recommended imaging protocol and standardized meal...
February 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Domenico Prezioso, Pasquale Strazzullo, Tullio Lotti, Giampaolo Bianchi, Loris Borghi, Paolo Caione, Marco Carini, Renata Caudarella, Manuel Ferraro, Giovanni Gambaro, Marco Gelosa, Andrea Guttilla, Ester Illiano, Marangella Martino, Tiziana Meschi, Piergiorgio Messa, Roberto Miano, Giorgio Napodano, Antonio Nouvenne, Domenico Rendina, Francesco Rocco, Marco Rosa, Roberto Sanseverino, Annamaria Salerno, Sebastiano Spatafora, Andrea Tasca, Andrea Ticinesi, Fabrizio Travaglini, Alberto Trinchieri, Giuseppe Vespasiani, Filiberto Zattoni
OBJECTIVE: Diet interventions may reduce the risk of urinary stone formation and its recurrence, but there is no conclusive consensus in the literature regarding the effectiveness of dietary interventions and recommendations about specific diets for patients with urinary calculi. The aim of this study was to review the studies reporting the effects of different dietary interventions for the modification of urinary risk factors in patients with urinary stone disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search of the Pubmed database literature up to July 1, 2014 for studies on dietary treatment of urinary risk factors for urinary stone formation was conducted according to a methodology developed a priori...
June 2015: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
Gabrielle M Turner-McGrievy, Sarah B Hales, Angela C Baum
Children who attend child care outside the home may be at increased risk for developing obesity. In 2012, the South Carolina ABC Child Care program issued new standards for food and nutrition. The goal of our study (conducted June to December 2012) was to examine changes that occurred at a large, Columbia, SC, preschool during the implementation of the South Carolina ABC Child Care program standards using an observational design, including a survey of parents and nutrient analysis of menus. The nutrition content of menu items before (n=15 days; six of which were vegetarian) and after (n=15 days; six of which were vegetarian) implementation of the new standards was compared...
January 2014: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Vera Rodrigues, Alexandra Dias, Maria João Brito, Isabel Galvão, Gonçalo Cordeiro Ferreira
Vitamin B(12) or cobalamin deficiency, a rare clinical entity in pediatric age, is found most exclusively in breastfed infants, whose mothers are strictly vegetarian non-supplemented or with pernicious anaemia. In this article, the authors describe a 10-month-old infant admitted for vomiting, refusal to eat and prostration. The infant was exclusively breastfed and difficulties in introduction of new foods were reported. Failure to thrive since 5 months of age was also noticed. Laboratory evaluation revealed severe normocytic normochromic anaemia and cobalamin deficit...
2011: BMJ Case Reports
Kv Ramana, Sanjeev Rao, Moses Vinaykumar, M Krishnappa, Rajeshwar Reddy, Mohammed Sarfaraz, Vamshikrishna Kondle, Ms Ratnamani, Ratna Rao
INTRODUCTION: The Diphyllobothrium genus belongs to the Diphyllobothridea order of tapeworms. Diphyllobothrium spp., which is commonly known as fish tapeworm, is generally transmitted in humans, but also in other species, such as bears, dogs, cats, foxes, and other terrestrial carnivores. Although worldwide in distribution, the original heartland of Diphyllobothrium spp. spreads across Scandinavia, northern Russia, and western Serbia. We report a rare case that occurred in India. CASE PRESENTATION: A nine-year-old south Indian girl was brought to the casualty at the Prathima Institute of Medical Sciences with complaints of vomiting and loose stools that had started three days earlier...
2011: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Midge Kirby, Elaine Danner
Pediatric nutritional deficiencies are associated not only with poverty and developing countries, but also in children in the developed world who adhere to restricted diets. At times, these diets are medically necessary, such as the gluten-free diet for management of celiac disease or exclusion diets in children with food allergies. At other times, the diets are self-selected by children with behavioral disorders, or parent-selected because of nutrition misinformation, cultural preferences, alternative nutrition therapies, or misconceptions regarding food tolerance...
October 2009: Pediatric Clinics of North America
Daniela Codazzi, Francesca Sala, Rossella Parini, Martin Langer
OBJECTIVE: Psychofunctional follow-up of severe vitamin B(12) deficit. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Pediatric intensive care unit. PATIENT: Ten-month-old boy. INTERVENTION: Follow-up at 3 yrs. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: A 10-month-old boy was admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit with respiratory failure, muscular hypotonia, and involuntary movements. Although a central nervous system infection was excluded, computed tomography scan showed a diffuse cortical-subcortical atrophy...
July 2005: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Enas A Enas, A Senthilkumar, Hancy Chennikkara, Marc A Bjurlin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2003: Indian Heart Journal
Per Magne Ueland, Anne Lise Bjørke Monsen
Measurement of total homocysteine (tHcy) in healthy and diseased children has documented the utility of this marker in pediatric research and diagnostics. This article focuses on novel data obtained in infants, children and adolescents, with emphasis on cobalamin status in infants. In children, determinants of plasma tHcy are similar to those established in adults, and include age, gender, nutrition, B-vitamin status, and some drugs interfering with B-vitamin function. In infants (age < 1 year), tHcy is moderately elevated and related to serum cobalamin, whereas in older children and throughout childhood, plasma tHcy is low (about 60% of adult levels), and folate status becomes a strong tHcy determinant...
November 2003: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
M R Fokkema, E N Smit, I A Martini, H A Woltil, E R Boersma, F A J Muskiet
BACKGROUND: Early suspicion of essential fatty acid deficiency (EFAD) or omega3-deficiency may rather focus on polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) or long-chain PUFA (LCP) analyses than clinical symptoms. We determined cut-off values for biochemical EFAD, omega3-and omega3/22:6omega3 [docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)]-deficiency by measurement of erythrocyte 20:3omega9 (Mead acid), 22:5omega6/20:4omega6 and 22:5omega6/22:6omega3, respectively. METHODS: Cut-off values, based on 97...
November 2002: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
A R Mangels, V Messina
Appropriately planned vegan diets can satisfy nutrient needs of infants. The American Dietetic Association and The American Academy of Pediatrics state that vegan diets can promote normal infant growth. It is important for parents to provide appropriate foods for vegan infants, using guidelines like those in this article. Key considerations when working with vegan families include composition of breast milk from vegan women, appropriate breast milk substitutes, supplements, type and amount of dietary fat, and solid food introduction...
June 2001: Journal of the American Dietetic Association
T Venugopal, V S Kulkarni, R A Nerurker, S G Damle, P N Patnekar
A total of 2000 children (1-14 year age group) attending pediatric OPD, school clinic & well body clinic of Dr. R.N. Cooper Municipal Hospital & K.E.M Hospital, Mumbai were examined for caries prevalence and 35.6% had dental caries. Parental income was not shown to have any bearing on caries prevalence. Parental literacy, particularly maternal literacy was shown to influence caries prevalence in children. The prevalence was low in well-nourished children and in those taking vegetarian type of diet. Frequency of sweet consumption was shown to be associated with prevalence of dental caries...
November 1998: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
S Weitzman
Increasing attention is being paid to the role of nutrition in cancer. Dietary measures, such as decreased consumption of calories, fat, alcohol and smoked or pickled foods have been shown to reduce the incidence of specific "adult" cancers, while increased dietary fiber appears to have a protective role. However, no clear scientific evidence exists that dietary manipulation is a successful primary therapy for established cancer. A significant percentage of adult and child cancer patients take unproven therapies during their illness...
1998: International Journal of Cancer. Supplement, Journal International du Cancer. Supplement
P Gilbert
Weaning is the cause of much concern among first-time mothers. A milk-only diet is advised until 3-4 months of age. Health professionals should ensure the baby receives a sufficient and balanced diet during the weaning period, to meet the needs for energy and growth. Breast milk or infant formula should continue up to the age of at least one year. The weaning period is a good time to educate parents in good nutrition. A wide variety of foods should be the aim in child nutrition, but each different type needs to be started separately during weaning...
1998: Professional Care of Mother and Child
J T Dwyer
BACKGROUND: Dietary fiber intakes of most American children are lower than current American Academy of Pediatrics recommendations. Intakes of vegetarian children come closer to these levels. RESULTS: We summarize dietary fiber recommendations for children based on existing evidence. The general public needs guidance on appropriate fiber intake levels for children and adolescents. It is important to ensure that energy intakes are adequate by monitoring child weight, growth, and size, especially when fiber intakes are very high...
November 1995: Pediatrics
M Rudolf, K Arulanantham, R M Greenstein
Based on the presentation and clinical features of four cases of nutritional rickets, it is suggested that particular groups of children, namely vegetarians, children breast-fed for an unusually long time, and black children, are at risk to develop the nutritional deficiencies of vitamin D and calcium that lead to clinical rickets. The diagnoses in these cases were made by fortuitous radiologic examination, even though the children had been receiving regular pediatric supervision, indicating a lack of awareness of the condition...
July 1980: Pediatrics
K Christoffel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1981: Clinical Pediatrics
F R Sinatra
An understanding of the nutritional requirements of healthy, growing infants and children is required to guide parents in appropriate feeding practices which are consistent with their chosen life styles. Among the several prevalent types of food faddism are some that are not harmful or can beneficial, such as breast-feeding, others than can be of long-term benefit but that have limitations in infants and children, and others that can affect infants and children adversely. Those wishing to feed their children unconventional diets should have such diets carefully evaluated to avoid deficiencies of essential nutrients...
1984: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
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