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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918223/an-ecological-model-to-factors-associated-with-booster-seat-use-a-population-based-study
#1
Sarit Shimony Kanat, Rosa Gofin
Belt-positioning booster seat use (BPB) is an effective technology to prevent severe child injury in cases of car crash. However, in many countries, age-appropriate car restraint use for children aged 4-7 years old remains the lowest among all age groups. The aim of this study was to identify the main determinants of BPB use through a comprehensive approach. An ecological model was used to analyze individual, parent-child relationships, and neighborhood characteristics. Parents of children enrolled in the first and second grades completed a self-reported questionnaire (n=745)...
September 14, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882272/using-interactive-virtual-presence-to-support-accurate-installation-of-child-restraints-efficacy-and-parental-perceptions
#2
David C Schwebel, M Alison Tillman, Marie Crew, Matthew Muller, Anna Johnston
INTRODUCTION: Child restraint systems (car seats) reduce injury risk for young children involved in motor-vehicle crashes, but parents experience significant difficulty installing child restraints correctly. Installation by certified child passenger safety (CPS) technicians yields more accurate installation, but is impractical for broad distribution. A potential solution is use of interactive virtual presence via smartphone application (app), which permits "hands on" teaching through simultaneous and remote joint exposure to 3-dimensional images...
September 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771646/assessing-disaster-preparedness-among-select-children-s-summer-camps-in-the-united-states-and-canada
#3
Megan Chang, Alan Sielaff, Stuart Bradin, Kevin Walker, Michael Ambrose, Andrew Hashikawa
OBJECTIVE: Children's summer camps are at risk for multiple pediatric casualties during a disaster. The degree to which summer camps have instituted disaster preparedness is unknown. We assessed disaster preparedness among selected camps nationally for a range of disasters. METHODS: We partnered with a national, web-based electronic health records system to send camp leadership of 315 camp organizations a 14-question online survey of disaster preparedness. One response from each camp was selected in the following order of importance: owner, director, physician, nurse, medical technician, office staff, and other...
August 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756360/combined-intra-and-extraperitoneal-urinary-bladder-rupture-a-rare-seat-belt-injury-a-case-report
#4
Lisanne Grünherz, Xenia Startseva, Marko Kozomara-Hocke, Borna K Barth, Hans-Peter Simmen, Ladislav Mica, Thomas Rauer
INTRODUCTION: While isolated traumatic urinary bladder injuries are rare, combined intra- and extraperitoneal traumatic urinary bladder ruptures without an underlying fracture are an absolute rarity. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a case of combined intra- and extraperitoneal urinary bladder rupture without an underlying fracture resulting from blunt abdominal trauma during a high velocity car accident. A midline laparotomy was performed, and the intra- and extraperitoneal bladder ruptures were surgically treated...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735244/legacy-and-novel-brominated-flame-retardants-in-interior-car-dust%C3%A2-%C3%A2-implications-for-human-exposure
#5
Athanasios Besis, Christina Christia, Giulia Poma, Adrian Covaci, Constantini Samara
Brominated flame retardants (BFRs) are organobromine compounds with an inhibitory effect on combustion chemistry tending to reduce the flammability of products. Concerns about health effects and environmental threats have led to phase-out or restrictions in the use of Penta-, Octa- and Deca-BDE technical formulations, increasing the demand for Novel BFRs (NBFRs) as replacements for the banned formulations. This study examined the occurrence of legacy and NBFRs in the dust from the interior of private cars in Thessaloniki, Greece, aged from 1 to 19 years with variable origin and characteristics...
November 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727649/variables-affecting-intra-abdominal-pressure-during-lifting-in-the-early-postpartum-period
#6
Yvonne Hsu, Robert Hitchcock, Stefan Niederauer, Ingrid E Nygaard, Janet M Shaw, Xiaoming Sheng
OBJECTIVES: Intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) may contribute to pelvic floor health, although the direction and magnitude of such an effect, if any, are not yet known. Identifying individual characteristics, and in particular modifiable factors, associated with higher IAP during recovery from vaginal childbirth might serve to mitigate early pelvic floor dysfunction. The aim of this study was to identify characteristics associated with maximal IAP during lifting in postpartum primiparous women who delivered vaginally...
July 20, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712520/rear-facing-car-safety-seat-use-for-children-18-months-of-age-prevalence-and-determinants
#7
Ashley T Jones, Benjamin D Hoffman, Adrienne R Gallardo, Tess A Gilbert, Kathleen F Carlson
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence and potential determinants of rear-facing car safety seat use among children approximately 18 months of age born at a university hospital. STUDY DESIGN: We administered a telephone survey to caregivers of children 17-19 months of age who were born between November 2013 and May 2014. The survey was designed to assess the prevalence of rear-facing car safety seat use and estimate the likelihood of rear-facing car safety seat use, compared with forward-facing car seat use, in reference to hypothesized determinants...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700591/trends-in-traumatic-brain-injury-mortality-in-china-2006-2013-a-population-based-longitudinal-study
#8
Peixia Cheng, Peng Yin, Peishan Ning, Lijun Wang, Xunjie Cheng, Yunning Liu, David C Schwebel, Jiangmei Liu, Jinlei Qi, Guoqing Hu, Maigeng Zhou
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a significant global public health problem, but has received minimal attention from researchers and policy-makers in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Epidemiological evidence of TBI morbidity and mortality is absent at the national level for most LMICs, including China. Using data from China's Disease Surveillance Points (DSPs) system, we conducted a population-based longitudinal analysis to examine TBI mortality, and mortality differences by sex, age group, location (urban/rural), and external cause of injury, from 1 January 2006 to 31 December 2013 in China...
July 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696780/evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-toe-board-energy-absorbing-material-for-foot-ankle-and-lower-leg-injury-reduction
#9
John P Patalak, Joel D Stitzel
OBJECTIVE: Since 2000 numerous improvements have been made to the National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing, Incorporated (NASCAR®) driver restraint system, resulting in improved crash protection for motorsports drivers. Advancements have included seats, head and neck restraints (HNR), seat belt restraint systems, driver helmets and others. These enhancements have increased protection for drivers from severe crash loading. Extending protection to the driver's extremities remains challenging...
July 11, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657368/burden-of-road-traffic-injuries-related-to-delays-in-implementing-safety-belt-laws-in-low-and-lower-middle-income-countries
#10
Aurélie Martin, Emmanuel Lagarde, L Rachid Salmi
OBJECTIVE: Delayed implementation of effective road safety policies must be considered when quantifying the avoidable part of the fatal and non-fatal injuries burden. We sought to assess the avoidable part of Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) lost due to road-traffic injuries related to delays in implementing road safety laws in low- and lower middle-income countries. METHODS: We chose one country for each of the regions of the World Health Organization (WHO) and World Bank (WB) country income levels...
June 28, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599744/understanding-the-risks-sitting-and-carrying-devices-pose-to-safe-infant-sleep
#11
Roger Rholdon
There have been various campaigns and recommendations to decrease the incidence of sudden unexpected infant death. Despite this, caregivers continue to place infants in unsafe sleeping environments. These environments, such as sitting devices, slings, carriers, and car seats, pose a significant risk to an infant's safety because of the risk from suffocation and cardiorespiratory instability. It is important for health care providers to understand the appropriate use of car seats, slings, and other sitting devices, to model appropriate behaviors, and to educate parents and caregivers...
June 2017: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594247/differences-in-the-kinematics-of-booster-seated-pediatric-occupants-using-two-different-car-seats
#12
O Juste-Lorente, M Maza, A I Lorente, F J Lopez-Valdes
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to compare the performance of forward-facing child restraint systems (CRS) mounted on 2 different seats. METHODS: Two different anthropomorphic test device (ATD) sizes (P3 and P6), using the same child restraint system (a non-ISOFIX high-back booster seat), were exposed to the ECE R44 regulatory deceleration pulse in a deceleration sled. Two different seats (seat A, seat B) were used. Three repetitions per ATD and mounting seat were done, resulting in a total of 12 sled crashes...
June 8, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561143/assessment-of-anthropometric-measurements-as-predictors-of-car-seat-screening-failure
#13
Natalie L Davis, Elena Donald, Maura Heffernan, Brian N Corwell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548919/a-novel-method-for-quanitifying-comfort-in-child-passengers-demonstrates-an-association-between-child-restraint-comfort-and-errors-in-use-of-booster-seats
#14
Cameron K Fong, Lynne E Bilston, Gunther Paul, Julie Brown
OBJECTIVE: Misuse of child restraint systems is a widespread and long-standing problem impacting risk of injury and death in car crashes. Discomfort has been suggested as a causative factor for misuse, particularly in errors introduced by children while they use the restraints. However, the relationship between comfort and errors in use has never been studied. In this study we examine the reliability and sensitivity of a newly developed observational method for assessing comfort in children in vehicles...
May 29, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502412/computer-based-estimation-of-the-hip-joint-reaction-force-and-hip-flexion-angle-in-three-different-sitting-configurations
#15
J Van Houcke, A Schouten, G Steenackers, D Vandermeulen, C Pattyn, E A Audenaert
Sitting is part of our daily work and leisure activities and can be performed in different configurations. To date, the impact of different sitting configurations on hip joint loading has not been studied. We therefore evaluated the hip joint reaction force (HJRF) and hip flexion angle in a virtual representative male Caucasian population by means of musculoskeletal modelling of three distinct sitting configurations: a simple chair, a car seat and a kneeling chair configuration. The observed median HJRF in relation to body weight and hip flexion angle, respectively, was 22...
September 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498037/do-parental-decision-making-patterns-predict-compliance-with-use-of-child-booster-seats
#16
Sarit Shimony-Kanat, Rosa Gofin, Anna C Kienski Woloski Wruble, Leon Mann
Booster seat use for 4-9 year olds remains the lowest of all age groups in many countries. The objective of this study is to examine whether parents' decision-making patterns, as measured by the Melbourne Decision Making Questionnaire, relate to car booster seat use. Israeli parents of 4-7 years old children (n = 398) answered a questionnaire about car safety and decision-making habits. Ninety per cent of parents reported having a booster seat; 70.5% reported consistent booster seat use in general and on short drives during the last month (booster seat use compliance index)...
May 12, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462775/feasibility-of-a-novel-combination-of-influenza-vaccinations-and-child-passenger-safety-seat-fittings-in-a-drive-through-clinic-setting
#17
Ngoc Le, Rachel L Charney, James Gerard
OBJECTIVE: Public health preparedness is an ever-evolving area of medicine with the purpose of helping the masses quickly and efficiently. The drive-through clinic (DTC) model allows the distribution of supplies or services while participants remain in their cars. Influenza vaccination is the most common form of DTC and has been utilized successfully in metropolitan areas. METHODS: We hypothesized that combining influenza vaccinations and child passenger seat fittings in a DTC format would be both feasible and desired by the community...
May 2, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452891/child-seat-belt-guidelines-examining-the-4-feet-9-inches-rule-as-the-standard
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Amber M Morse, Mary E Aitken, Samantha H Mullins, Beverly K Miller, Mindy M Pomtree, Erin M Ulloa, Jeffrey S Montgomery, Marie E Saylors
BACKGROUND: Current American Academy of Pediatrics recommendations regarding transition from child safety/booster seat to adult safety belt use indicate that children should be at least 4 feet 9 inches, 8 years old, or 80 pounds. Proper fit in the vehicle seat, assessed with a five-point fit test, should also be met. Although most children reach 4 feet 9 inches around age 8 years, each child and vehicle presents a unique combination; thus a child may not fit appropriately in all vehicle types using only the 4 feet 9 inches requirement...
August 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448167/standardized-error-severity-score-ess-ratings-to-quantify-risk-associated-with-child-restraint-system-crs-and-booster-seat-misuse
#19
Christina M Rudin-Brown, Chelsea Kramer, Robin Langerak, Andrea Scipione, Shelley Kelsey
OBJECTIVE: Although numerous research studies have reported high levels of error and misuse of child restraint systems (CRS) and booster seats in experimental and real world scenarios, conclusions are limited because they provide little information regarding which installation issues pose the highest risk and thus should be targeted for change. Beneficial to legislating bodies and researchers alike would be a standardized, globally relevant, assessment of the potential injury risk associated with more common forms of CRS and booster seat misuse, which could be applied with observed error frequency, for example, in car seat clinics or during prototype user testing, to better identify and characterize the installation issues of greatest risk to safety...
April 27, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441153/discharge-criteria-for-the-late-preterm-infant-a-review-of-the-literature
#20
Jenny M Quinn, Marteen Sparks, Sheila M Gephart
BACKGROUND: Standardized late preterm infant (LPI) discharge criteria ensure best practice and help guide the neonatal provider to determine the appropriate level of care following birth. However, the location can vary from the well newborn setting to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). PURPOSE: The purpose of this review is to examine differences in LPI discharge criteria between the well newborn setting and the NICU by answering the clinical questions, "What are the recommended discharge criteria for the LPI and do they differ if admitted to the well newborn setting versus the NICU?" SEARCH STRATEGY: Databases searched include CINAHL, TRIP, PubMed, and the Cochrane Library...
April 24, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
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