keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

car seat

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064348/european-academy-of-paediatrics-statement-vision-zero-for-child-deaths-in-traffic-accidents
#1
Jonas F Ludvigsson, Tom Stiris, Stefano Del Torso, Jean-Christophe Mercier, Arunas Valiulis, Adamos Hadjipanayis
Road traffic accidents are the leading cause of death and disability in children throughout Europe. They remain the leading cause of death among children 5--19 years old in Europe. Children may be injured as pedestrians, bicyclists, motorcyclists or passengers in cars. The European Academy of Pediatrics (EAP) strives to prevent morbidity and death in children. We urge policy-makers to actively work for a "vision zero", where no child is killed in traffic. EAP suggests simple measures such as, secure transport for children between home and school, speed limits, road bumps, wearing bike helmets and seat belts, using child-restraints for small children and enforcement of legislation on road safety...
January 7, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063584/an-investigation-into-the-factors-that-influence-toolmark-identifications-on-ammunition-discharged-from-semi-automatic-pistols-recovered-from-car-fires
#2
Mark A Collender, Kevin A J Doherty, Kenneth T Stanton
Following a shooting incident where a vehicle is used to convey the culprits to and from the scene, both the getaway car and the firearm are often deliberately burned in an attempt to destroy any forensic evidence which may be subsequently recovered. Here we investigate the factors that influence the ability to make toolmark identifications on ammunition discharged from pistols recovered from such car fires. This work was carried out by conducting a number of controlled furnace tests in conjunction with real car fire tests in which three 9mm semi-automatic pistols were burned...
January 2017: Science & Justice: Journal of the Forensic Science Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054199/organophosphate-flame-retardants-in-the-indoor-air-and-dust-in-cars-in-japan
#3
Masahiro Tokumura, Rurika Hatayama, Kouichi Tatsu, Toshiyuki Naito, Tetsuya Takeda, Mohammad Raknuzzaman, Md Habibullah -Al-Mamun, Shigeki Masunaga
The concentrations of organophosphate flame retardants (OPFRs) in the indoor air and dust were measured in 25 unoccupied cars in Japan. In the indoor air of the cars, most OPFRs were neither detected nor found at a concentration lower than the method quantification limit. The highest concentration (1500 ng m(-3)) was obtained for tris(1-chloro-2-propyl) phosphate (TCIPP). By contrast, many OPFRs were detected in the dust samples collected from the interior of the cars. TCIPP and tris(2-ethylhexyl) phosphate (TEHP) were present at the highest concentrations at 390 μg g(-1) (in dust from car seats) and 640 μg g(-1) (in dust from car floor mats), respectively...
January 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026729/-traumatic-thrombosis-of-the-renal-artery-following-seat-belt-injury
#4
B Čertík, V Třeška, J Bierhanzlová, J Matějka, J Zeman, T Matějka
Renal artery thrombosis is a rare complication of blunt abdominal injury. It occurs most frequently in car accidents in which sudden deceleration results in multiple internal injuries. Renal artery occlusion occurs rarely as an isolated blunt trauma. This report presents a case of traumatic occlusion of the left renal artery with complete ischaemia of the left kidney in a haemodynamically stable girl who suffered multiple seat-belt injuries in a car crash. Ambiguous findings on a CT scan of the abdominal cavity indicated surgical inspection of the abdomen and, since the injury-to-surgery interval was short, an attempt at revascularisation of the left kidney was made...
2016: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998675/occurrence-of-brominated-diphenyl-ethers-dibenzo-p-dioxins-and-dibenzofurans-in-foam-materials-in-scrapped-car-seats-from-1985-to-2012
#5
L Redin, M Niinipuu, S Jansson
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the occurrence of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), dibenzo-p-dioxins (PBDDs) and dibenzofurans (PBDFs) in polyurethane foam (PUF) from car seats of end-of-life vehicles (ELVs) and compare the concentrations of PBDEs with the stipulated regulations in the POP Directive. The method comprised screening by X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and GG-MS analysis. Of 59 tested samples from ELVs, 17 samples showed lines above limit of detection (LOD) levels when screening by XRF...
December 17, 2016: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990647/discharge-of-a-pistol-out-a-car-window-with-the-breech-within-the-interior-of-the-car-analysis-of-gunshot-residue-on-a-car-s-interior-surfaces
#6
Bryan R Burnett, Jozef Lebiedzik
The defendant, the driver of the questioned car, allegedly extended his right arm over the passenger seat and fired a single shot from a 380 pistol out the passenger window with the pistol's breech within the car. A simulation of this shooting scenario using the same model car, but different year, was conducted to quantitate gunshot residue (GSR) contamination of interior surfaces within the car. The test car's dash and headliner/window frame above the pistol had the heaviest GSR contamination. The dash GSR from airborne deposition documents a firearm discharge within the vehicle...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987535/the-safest-car-seat-for-your-child
#7
Michelle Naranjo
Our crash tests reveal the benefit of moving children to a convertible seat sooner than previously recommended.
2017: Consumer Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978486/comparing-spatially-static-and-dynamic-vibrotactile-take-over-requests-in-the-driver-seat
#8
S M Petermeijer, S Cieler, J C F de Winter
Vibrotactile stimuli can be effective as warning signals, but their effectiveness as directional take-over requests in automated driving is yet unknown. This study aimed to investigate the correct response rate, reaction times, and eye and head orientation for static versus dynamic directional take-over requests presented via vibrating motors in the driver seat. In a driving simulator, eighteen participants performed three sessions: 1) a session involving no driving (Baseline), 2) driving a highly automated car without additional task (HAD), and 3) driving a highly automated car while performing a mentally demanding task (N-Back)...
December 12, 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940776/risk-factors-for-sleep-related-infant-deaths-in-in-home-and-out-of-home-settings
#9
Hilina Kassa, Rachel Y Moon, Jeffrey D Colvin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Multiple environmental risk factors are associated with sleep-related infant deaths. Little is known about differences in risk factors for deaths occurring in-home and out-of-home. We sought to compare risk factors for in-home and out-of-home infant deaths. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of sleep-related infant deaths from 2004 to 2014 in the National Child Fatality Review and Prevention database. The main exposure was setting (in-home versus out-of-home) at time of death...
November 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857846/optimization-of-nonlinear-quarter-car-suspension-seat-driver-model
#10
Mahesh P Nagarkar, Gahininath J Vikhe Patil, Rahul N Zaware Patil
In this paper a nonlinear quarter car suspension-seat-driver model was implemented for optimum design. A nonlinear quarter car model comprising of quadratic tyre stiffness and cubic stiffness in suspension spring, frame, and seat cushion with 4 degrees of freedom (DoF) driver model was presented for optimization and analysis. Suspension system was aimed to optimize the comfort and health criterion comprising of Vibration Dose Value (VDV) at head, frequency weighted RMS head acceleration, crest factor, amplitude ratio of head RMS acceleration to seat RMS acceleration and amplitude ratio of upper torso RMS acceleration to seat RMS acceleration along with stability criterion comprising of suspension space deflection and dynamic tyre force...
November 2016: Journal of Advanced Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846994/child-safety-and-booster-seat-use-in-five-tribal-communities-2010-2014
#11
Holly Billie, Carolyn E Crump, Robert J Letourneau, Bethany A West
PROBLEM: Motor-vehicle crashes are a leading cause of death for American Indian/Alaska Natives (AI/AN) including AI/AN children. Child safety seats prevent injury and death among children in a motor-vehicle crash, yet use is low among AI/AN children. METHODS: To increase the use of child safety seats (CSS; car seats and booster seats), five tribal communities implemented evidence-based strategies from the Guide to Community Preventive Services during 2010-2014. Increased CSS use was evaluated through direct observational surveys and CSS event data...
December 2016: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810158/clinical-outcomes-associated-with-a-failed-infant-car-seat-challenge
#12
Malika D Shah, Keith A Dookeran, Janine Y Khan
OBJECTIVE: To assess comorbid conditions and clinical outcomes among late preterm and low birth weight term infants (<2.5 kg) who failed the Infant Car Seat Challenge (ICSC) on the Mother-Baby Unit. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective chart review of consecutive infants who failed ICSC on the Mother-Baby Unit and were subsequently admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit at Prentice Women's Hospital between January 1, 2009, and December 31, 2015. Regression models were used to estimate risk differences (RDs) with 95% CIs for factors related to length of stay...
January 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753712/child-passenger-restraint-system-misuse-in-rural-versus-urban-children-a-multisite-case-control-study
#13
John W Hafner, Stephanie J Kok, Huaping Wang, Dale L Wren, Mary E Aitken, Beverly K Miller, Byron L Anderson, Kathy W Monroe
OBJECTIVES: Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of childhood fatality, making use of properly installed child passenger restraint system (CRS) a public health priority. Motor vehicle crashes in rural environments are associated with increased injuries and fatalities, and overall CRS use tends to be lower compared with urban populations. However, it remains unclear if proper installation of car seats is lower in a rural population compared with a similar matched urban population...
October 8, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735226/a-traumatic-pancreatic-transection-despite-a-child-safety-seat
#14
Orlin Belyaev, Oleg Tcholakov, Waldemar Uhl
A 5-year-old boy sustained blunt abdominal trauma in a car crash. The buckle mechanism of the five-point harness of his child safety seat compressed his upper abdomen causing an isolated complete pancreatic rupture. Diagnosis was delayed due to subtle symptoms and normal initial findings. A CT scan confirmed diagnosis. An emergency limited central pancreatic resection was performed. The outcome was excellent.
October 13, 2016: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694399/is-the-infant-car-seat-challenge-useful-a-pilot-study-in-a-simulated-moving-vehicle
#15
Renu Arya, Georgina Williams, Anna Kilonback, Martin Toward, Michael Griffin, Peter S Blair, Peter Fleming
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that preterm infants complete a predischarge 'car seat challenge' observation for cardiorespiratory compromise while in a car seat. This static challenge does not consider the more upright position in a car or the vibration of the seat when the car is moving. This pilot study was designed to assess the cardiorespiratory effects of vibration, mimicking the effect of being in a moving car, on preterm and term infants...
September 30, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685875/car-safety-seat-usage-and-selection-among-families-attending-university-hospital-limerick
#16
P Scully, N Finner, J B Letshwiti, C O'Gorman
The safest way for children to travel within a car is by provision of a weight-appropriate safety-seat. To investigate this, we conducted a cross-sectional study of adult parents who had children under 12 years, and collected information related to: car use, safety-seat legislation, and type of safety-seat employed. Data were reviewed on 120 children from 60 respondents. Ninety-eight (81.7%) children were transported daily by car. Forty-eight (81.4%) respondents were aware that current safety-seat legislation is based on the weight of the child...
2016: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634060/sexual-behavior-in-parked-cars-reported-by-midwestern-college-men-and-women
#17
Cindy Struckman-Johnson, Kayla Nalan-Sheffield, Samuel Gaster, Dave Struckman-Johnson
In an anonymous survey of 195 men and 511 women (Mage = 19.8) at a small Midwestern university, 119 men (61%) and 303 women (59.5%) reported that they had engaged in sex while parked. Of these 422, 14% lost their virginity in a parked car. Having sex in parked cars was more likely to involve relational dating partners than hookups. In most recent incidents, the majority of respondents were with a serious but noncohabiting romantic partner (56.9%) in the back seat (63.4%) of a standard car (56.4%) parked out in the country (56...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624163/parental-awareness-and-perception-for-correct-use-of-child-restraint-systems-and-airbags-in-brazil
#18
Bruno Gonçalves Schröder E Souza, Tiago Evangelista de Melo, Tales Pereira Lisboa, Marcos Bastos Miranda, Thiago Gonçalves Schroder E Souza, Valdeci Manoel de Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: to obtain information about the current knowledge and habits of parents who transport children in cars in Brazil. METHODS: a cross-sectional survey was conducted using specifically designed self-responded questionnaires, to parents of children attending a private pediatric office in town in southwest Brazil. Data was collected about children's age, gender, height and weight, possession of automobile children's restraint systems (CRS), its type, frequency and adequacy of use, reasons for not possessing or not using the devices...
September 13, 2016: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617749/real-world-adjustments-of-driver-seat-and-head-restraint-in-saab-9-3-vehicles
#19
Anna Carlsson, Linda Pipkorn, Anders Kullgren, Mats Svensson
OBJECTIVE: Whiplash-associated disorder (WAD), commonly denoted whiplash injury, is a worldwide problem. These injuries occur at relatively low changes of velocity (typically <25 km/h) in impacts from all directions. Rear impacts, however, are the most common in the injury statistics. Females have a 1.5-3 times higher risk of whiplash injury than males.  Improved seat design is the prevailing means of increasing the protection of whiplash injury for occupants in rear impacts. Since 1997, more advanced whiplash protection systems have been introduced on the market, the Saab Active Head Restraint (SAHR) being one of the most prominent...
September 12, 2016: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616812/cat-fel-d-1-and-dog-can-f-1-allergen-levels-in-cars-dwellings-and-schools
#20
A Niesler, G Ścigała, B Łudzeń-Izbińska
Pets are an important source of indoor allergens. The aim of the study was to compare cat and dog allergen levels in cars, schools and homes. The study was carried out in 17 cars, 14 classrooms and 19 dwellings located in the highly industrialized and urbanized region of Poland. Dust and air samples were analyzed for Fel d 1 and Can f 1 using a double monoclonal ELISA assay. The highest amounts of cat and dog allergens (Fel d 1: 1169 μg/g; Can f 1: 277 μg/g) were found in dwellings with pets. Allergen concentrations were correlated with the number of animals kept at home...
2016: Aerobiologia
keyword
keyword
22078
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"