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car seat

Orhan Meral, Ekin Özgür Aktaş, Murat Ersel
BACKGROUND: Traffic accidents are still an important public health issue in our country and intra-vehicle accidents cause substantial morbidity and mortality. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of seating position on morbidity and mortality in traffic accidents. METHODS: Patients who were admitted to the Emergency Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ege University between May 1, 2014 and November 30, 2014 due to injuries in motor vehicles and who signed informed consent were included...
May 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
Anne Vingaard Olesen, Rune Elvik, Camilla Sloth Andersen, Harry S Lahrmann
INTRODUCTION: Does a tow-bar increase the risk of neck injury in the struck car in a rear-end collision? The rear part of a modern car has collision zones that are rendered nonoperational when the car is equipped with a tow-bar. Past crash tests have shown that a car's acceleration was higher in a car equipped with a tow-bar and also that a dummy placed in a car with a tow-bar had higher peak acceleration in the lower neck area. METHOD: This study aimed to investigate the association between the risk of neck injury in drivers and passengers, and the presence of a registered tow-bar on the struck car in a rear-end collision...
June 2018: Journal of Safety Research
Giuseppe Lippi, Emmanuel J Favaloro
The condition sometimes referred to as "economy class syndrome," and also known as "traveler's thrombosis," is a distinctive pathological condition characterized by occurrence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in a patient who has recently experienced a long journey (i.e., ≥ 4 h). Typically, the identified travel is by airplane, but travel with other vehicles, such as trains, trucks, buses, or cars, could potentially qualify as contributing to VTE events. Although the enhanced risk of VTE after long haul flights is now widely acknowledged, albeit potentially overhyped, the risk of venous thrombosis after prolonged travel by other modes of transport, in particular, by cars, is less well appreciated...
May 15, 2018: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
Erin Kuroiwa, Rebecca L Ragar, Crystal S Langlais, Angelica Baker, Maria E Linnaus, David M Notrica
OBJECTIVE: To determine if a less labor-intensive video-based program for teaching car seat installation can be as effective as the traditional didactic lecture component. METHODS: This is a randomized controlled trial of caregivers seeking car seat education. Caregivers were assigned to didactic or video-based social learning classes. The didactic class involved live lecture; the social learning class included a brief lecture and the video, Simple Steps to Child Passenger Safety, utilizing social learning principles...
May 3, 2018: Injury
Kush Panara, John M Masterson, Luis F Savio, Ranjith Ramasamy
CONTEXT: Male factor infertility plays a significant role in infertility. Many factors have been associated with male infertility; however, the link between many sports and recreational factors and male reproduction remains poorly characterized. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the current literature regarding the impact of many common sports and recreational factors on male reproduction. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A comprehensive PubMed and Embase search for relevant articles published between 1970 and 2017 was performed by combining the following search terms: male, sports (including individual sports), traumatic brain injury, sauna, hot tub, fertility, erectile dysfunction, varicocele, environment, cell phone, and laptop computer...
May 3, 2018: European Urology Focus
Lindsay N Fuzzell, A Scott LaJoie, Kyle T Smith, Sydney E Philpott, Katherine M Jones, Mary C Politi
OBJECTIVE: To examine 1) parent-provider communication about pediatric health/safety guidelines, 2) trust in child's provider, 3) comfort discussing guidelines, 4) agreement with guideline advice, 5) self-efficacy following guidelines, and their impact on guideline adherence. METHOD: 256 parents of children ages 0-6 completed an online survey about sunscreen use, newborn Vitamin K injections, influenza vaccination, routine vaccination, car seats, infant safe sleep, furniture anchoring, large trampoline use, and firearm safety...
May 1, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
Kwaku F Boakye, Asad Khattak, Jerry Everett, Shashi Nambisan
When properly worn, seatbelts can save lives. They are designed to prevent occupants from hitting objects inside their vehicle and from being ejected out of their vehicle in the event of a crash. Despite their proven effectiveness in reducing the severity of injuries, seatbelt non-use among passengers still remains a problem, especially at night. Although the factors associated with not using a seatbelt have been widely studied, research studies documenting this behavior at night are limited in the literature...
April 18, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Andrea C Gielen, David M Bishai, Elise Omaki, Wendy C Shields, Eileen M McDonald, Nicholas C Rizzutti, James Case, Molly W Stevens, Mary E Aitken
INTRODUCTION: The growing interest in incorporating prevention into emergency health care make it timely to examine the use of computer technology to efficiently deliver effective education in this setting. STUDY DESIGN: This RCT compared results from an intervention group (n=367) that received child passenger safety information, to an attention-matched control (n=375). A baseline survey and two follow-up surveys at 3 and 6 months were conducted. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Data were collected from June 2014 to September 2016 from a sample of parents with children aged 4-7 years recruited from a pediatric emergency department in an East Coast urban area and one in a Midwest semi-rural area...
April 9, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Natasha Merat, Tyron Louw, Ruth Madigan, Marc Wilbrink, Anna Schieben
As the desire for deploying automated ("driverless") vehicles increases, there is a need to understand how they might communicate with other road users in a mixed traffic, urban, setting. In the absence of an active and responsible human controller in the driving seat, who might currently communicate with other road users in uncertain/conflicting situations, in the future, understanding a driverless car's behaviour and intentions will need to be relayed via easily comprehensible, intuitive and universally intelligible means, perhaps presented externally via new vehicle interfaces...
March 31, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Krzysztof Korzeniewski
International travel with children, which is the opportunity for the family to see the world together, has become commonplace. If you are travelling with children the journey needs to be carefully planned, especially in cases of visiting a region with harsh environment or poor sanitation. It is particularly important in terms of thermoregulation (hot climate) and the immune system (protection against pathogens causing infectious and invasive diseases) as these are not fully developed in small children. In addition, it is important to maintain appropriate safety and security measures in the destination area (e...
2018: International Maritime Health
Jóna Marín Ólafsdóttir, Jason B Fice, Daniel W H Mang, Karin Brolin, Johan Davidsson, Jean-Sébastien Blouin, Gunter P Siegmund
OBJECTIVES: To quantify trunk muscle activation levels during whole body accelerations that simulate precrash events in multiple directions and to identify recruitment patterns for the development of active human body models. METHODS: Four subjects (1 female, 3 males) were accelerated at 0.55 g (net Δv = 4.0 m/s) in 8 directions while seated on a sled-mounted car seat to simulate a precrash pulse. Electromyographic (EMG) activity in 4 trunk muscles was measured using wire electrodes inserted into the left rectus abdominis, internal oblique, iliocostalis, and multifidus muscles at the L2-L3 level...
February 28, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
Aurélie Martin, Emmanuel Lagarde, L Rachid Salmi
OBJECTIVE: Delayed implementation of effective road safety policies must be considered when quantifying the avoidable part of the fatal and nonfatal injuries burden. We sought to assess the avoidable part of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) lost due to road traffic injuries related to delays in implementing road safety laws in low- and lower-middle-income countries. METHODS: We chose one country for each of the regions of the World Health Organization (WHO) and World Bank (WB) country income levels...
February 28, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
Katarina Bohman, Kristy B Arbogast, Helen Loeb, Judith L Charlton, Sjaan Koppel, Suzanne L Cross
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the consequences of frontal and oblique crashes when positioning a Hybrid III (HIII) 6-year-old child anthropometric test device (ATD) using observed child passenger postures from a naturalistic driving study (NDS). METHODS: Five positions for booster-seated children aged 4-7 years were selected, including one reference position according to the FMVSS 213 ATD seating protocol and 4 based on real-world observed child passenger postures from an NDS including 2 user positions with forward tilting torso and 2 that combined both forward and lateral inboard tilting of the torso...
February 28, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
Joseph O'Neil, Marilyn J Bull, Judith Talty
OBJECTIVE: This study reviews trends in rear-facing direction, top tether use, booster seat use, and seating position for children 12 years or younger among motor vehicle passengers in Indiana. METHODS: This is an observational, cross-sectional survey of drivers transporting children 15 years and younger collected at 25 convenience locations randomly selected in Indiana during summers of 2009-2015. Observations were conducted by certified child passenger safety technicians (CPST)...
February 28, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
B Guleyupoglu, B Koya, R Barnard, F S Gayzik
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is 2-fold. We used a validated human body finite element model to study the predicted chest injury (focusing on rib fracture as a function of element strain) based on varying levels of simulated precrash braking. Furthermore, we compare deterministic and probabilistic methods of rib injury prediction in the computational model. METHODS: The Global Human Body Models Consortium (GHBMC) M50-O model was gravity settled in the driver position of a generic interior equipped with an advanced 3-point belt and airbag...
February 28, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
Elliott Schires, Pantelis Georgiou, Tor Sverre Lande
Radar devices can be used in nonintrusive situations to monitor vital sign, through clothes or behind walls. By detecting and extracting body motion linked to physiological activity, accurate simultaneous estimations of both heart rate (HR) and respiration rate (RR) is possible. However, most research to date has focused on front monitoring of superficial motion of the chest. In this paper, body penetration of electromagnetic (EM) wave is investigated to perform back monitoring of human subjects. Using body-coupled antennas and an ultra-wideband (UWB) pulsed radar, in-body monitoring of lungs and heart motion was achieved...
April 2018: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
Alexander Schrodt, Tam Huynh, Tamara N Fitzgerald
Motor vehicle collisions (MVCs) are a significant cause of pediatric morbidity, particularly in low- to middle-income countries. We describe car seat use in children on the USA-Mexico border. A retrospective review was conducted for children 0-9 years old, admitted to the region's only Level I trauma center. Simultaneously, data were obtained from the SAFE KIDS database, a program that encourages car seat use through city checkpoints. There were 250 MVC admissions and nine fatalities in children 0-9 years old from 2010 to 2015...
March 2018: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
Tristan Monchal, Amina Ndiaye, Blandine Gadegbeku, Etienne Javouhey, Olivier Monneuse
OBJECTIVE: Road traffic accidents (RTAs) are the first cause of abdominopelvic injuries (APIs). The objective of this study was to describe the characteristics and severity of APIs due to traffic accidents in a large French trauma registry and to identify risk factors for API. METHODS: All victims from the French Rhône registry of victims of RTAs were analyzed from 1996 to 2013. This registry contained data that were issued over a 20-year period from 245 medical departments, from prehospital care until re-adaptation, and forensic medicine departments...
March 6, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
Panagiotis Krepis, Maria Papasotiriou, Maria N Tsolia, Alexandra Soldatou
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess parental behavior in terms of child restraint systems (CRS) use under emergency conditions while driving to the hospital's outpatient settings as well as their routine child car safety (CCS) practices. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of parents/caregivers transporting children 13 years or younger was conducted at the Emergency Treatment Center of a pediatric tertiary care center in Athens, Greece. Participants completed a questionnaire inquiring about the possession of CRS, and type and use of appropriate CRS while driving to the Emergency Treatment Center and under routine conditions...
February 28, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
Beth S Bruce, Kim Mundle, Camille F Cramm, Devon P Williams
Purpose: Misuse and/or lack of booster seat use are often associated with high rates of injury and death among school-aged children. This pilot study examined the efficacy and the potential effectiveness of a booster seat intervention in the classroom. Methods: Two elementary schools participated (randomly assigned as one intervention school and one control school). At the intervention school, a certified car seat specialist and a police officer held an interactive booster seat session...
May 2017: Paediatrics & Child Health
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