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car seat

Alexander Schrodt, Tam Huynh, Tamara N Fitzgerald
Motor vehicle collisions (MVCs) are a significant cause of pediatric morbidity, particularly in low- to middle-income countries. We describe car seat use in children on the USA-Mexico border. A retrospective review was conducted for children 0-9 years old, admitted to the region's only Level I trauma center. Simultaneously, data were obtained from the SAFE KIDS database, a program that encourages car seat use through city checkpoints. There were 250 MVC admissions and nine fatalities in children 0-9 years old from 2010 to 2015...
March 2018: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
Tristan Monchal, Amina Ndiaye, Blandine Gadegbeku, Etienne Javouhey, Olivier Monneuse
Objective Road traffic accidents (RTA) are the first cause of abdominopelvic injuries (API). The objective of this study was to describe the characteristics and severity of API due to traffic accidents in a large French trauma registry and to identify risk factors for API. Methods All victims from the French Rhône registry of victims of RTA were analyzed from 1996 to 2013. This registry contained data that were issued over a 20-year period from 245 medical departments, from prehospital care until re-adaptation, and forensic medicine departments...
March 6, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
Panagiotis Krepis, Maria Papasotiriou, Maria N Tsolia, Alexandra Soldatou
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess parental behavior in terms of child restraint systems (CRS) use under emergency conditions while driving to the hospital's outpatient settings as well as their routine child car safety (CCS) practices. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of parents/caregivers transporting children 13 years or younger was conducted at the Emergency Treatment Center of a pediatric tertiary care center in Athens, Greece. Participants completed a questionnaire inquiring about the possession of CRS, and type and use of appropriate CRS while driving to the Emergency Treatment Center and under routine conditions...
February 28, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
Beth S Bruce, Kim Mundle, Camille F Cramm, Devon P Williams
Purpose: Misuse and/or lack of booster seat use are often associated with high rates of injury and death among school-aged children. This pilot study examined the efficacy and the potential effectiveness of a booster seat intervention in the classroom. Methods: Two elementary schools participated (randomly assigned as one intervention school and one control school). At the intervention school, a certified car seat specialist and a police officer held an interactive booster seat session...
May 2017: Paediatrics & Child Health
Thomas Kolawole Ojo
Seat belt and child restraint use is noted to be poor in developing countries such as Ghana. An unobstructive observational survey guided by the Theory of Planned Behaviour was therefore conducted to assess seat belt and child restraint use in the Cape Coast Metropolis, Ghana. The observational survey was carried out at the entrances of four nursery schools in medium and high class residential areas in the Metropolis to determine seat belt use by drivers and accompanied child being transported/dropped off in school...
February 21, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Merissa A Yellman, Marissa A Rodriguez, Maria Isabel Colunga, Mary A McCoy, Shelli Stephens-Stidham, L Steven Brown, Gregory R Istre
Objective This study evaluated the effectiveness of a series of one-year, multi-faceted, school-based programs aimed at increasing booster seat use among urban children 4-7 years of age in economically-disadvantaged areas. Methods During four consecutive school years, 2011-2015, the Give Kids a Boost (GKB) program was implemented in a total of 8 schools with similar demographics in Dallas County. Observational surveys were conducted at project schools before project implementation (P0), 1-4 weeks after the completion of project implementation (P1), and 4-5 months later (P2)...
February 12, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
Hazel Gardner, Katherine Green, Andrew S Gardner, Donna Geddes
BACKGROUND: Rapid economic and cultural transition in the United Arab Emirates has been accompanied by a rise in chronic disease. Early childhood is known to affect health outcomes in adulthood. This prospective longitudinal study examined the general health of Emirati infants born in a government maternity hospital in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi in October 2002. METHODS: One hundred twenty-five women, who had recently given birth, were interviewed as part of a larger study encompassing a wide range of cultural, social, and behavioural aspects of health...
February 7, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
I A Dubrovin, E P Sedykh, A S Mosoyan, A A Bychkov, D N Akhmetova
The objective of the present study was to develop the diagnostic criteria for determining the positions of the participants of a road traffic accident inside the passenger car compartment based on the analysis of the characteristic features of vertebral lesions in the victims. The archival documents of forensic medical expertises were used to analyze the specific characteristics of fractured cervical vertebra in the victims of the accident inside the passenger car compartments including the drivers (n=92), the occupants of the forward (n=43) and rear (n=37) seats of the car...
2018: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
Gitana Scozzari, Fabrizio Bert, Maria R Gualano, Roberta Siliquini
BACKGROUND: In recent years, Italy has reported the deaths of children who have died of hyperthermia after having been left inadvertently in a car seat. Although very rare, these preventable deaths have dramatic and longlasting consequences for families, communities and public opinion. The aim of the paper is to review the available data on the deaths of children in vehicles by heatstroke in Italy and to discuss how to promote strategies aimed at avoiding these preventable fatalities...
January 29, 2018: Minerva Pediatrica
B Henary, C P Sherwood, J R Crandall, R W Kent, F E Vaca, K B Arbogast, M J Bull
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
Amina Khaled, Claire Richard, Lisa Redin, Mirva Erika Niinipuu, Stina Jansson, Farouk Jaber, Mohamad Sleiman
In this study, we examined the photodegradation of decabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-209) on the surface of car seat covers from end-of-life vehicles (ELVs). Samples were collected at two car dismantling facilities in Sweden and cover car models from 1989-1998. The content of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in nine real samples (fabric and polyurethane foam) was first characterized. Fabric samples that did not contain BDE-209 were then spiked with BDE-209, and irradiated in the laboratory and under sunlight...
December 20, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
Wesley E Marshall
Despite similarities to the US in terms of transportation, land use, and culture, Australia kills 5.3 people per 100,000 population on the roads each year, as compared to the US rate of 12.4. Similar trends hold when accounting for distance driven and the number of registered cars. This paper seeks to understand what is behind the road safety disparities between these two countries. The results suggest that a number of inter-related factors seem to play a role in the better road safety outcomes of Australia as compared to the US...
December 14, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Veronica J Poitras, Casey E Gray, Xanne Janssen, Salome Aubert, Valerie Carson, Guy Faulkner, Gary S Goldfield, John J Reilly, Margaret Sampson, Mark S Tremblay
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this systematic review was to examine the relationships between sedentary behaviour (SB) and health indicators in children aged 0 to 4 years, and to determine what doses of SB (i.e., duration, patterns [frequency, interruptions], and type) were associated with health indicators. METHODS: Online databases were searched for peer-reviewed studies that met the a priori inclusion criteria: population (apparently healthy, 1 month to 4.99 years), intervention/exposure and comparator (durations, patterns, and types of SB), and outcome/health indicator (critical: adiposity, motor development, psychosocial health, cognitive development; important: bone and skeletal health, cardiometabolic health, fitness, risks/harm)...
November 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
Pablo Enrique Paredes, Nur Al-Huda Hamdan, Dav Clark, Carrie Cai, Wendy Ju, James A Landay
BACKGROUND: The daily commute could be a right moment to teach drivers to use movement or breath towards improving their mental health. Long commutes, the relevance of transitioning from home to work, and vice versa and the privacy of commuting by car make the commute an ideal scenario and time to perform mindful exercises safely. Whereas driving safety is paramount, mindful exercises might help commuters decrease their daily stress while staying alert. Increasing vehicle automation may present new opportunities but also new challenges...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Seong Guk Kim, Chang-Yong Ko, Dong Hyun Kim, Ye Eun Song, Tae Uk Kang, Sungwoo Ahn, Dohyung Lim, Han Sung Kim
Seat comfort is one of the main factors that consumers consider when purchasing a car. In this study, we develop a dummy with a shear-force sensor to evaluate seat comfort. The sensor has dimensions of 25 mm × 25 mm × 26 mm and is made of S45C. Electroless nickel plating is employed to coat its surface in order to prevent corrosion and oxidation. The proposed sensor is validated using a qualified load cell and shows high accuracy and precision (measurement range: -30-30 N; sensitivity: 0.1 N; linear relationship: R = 0...
2017: PloS One
Geon-Woo Lee, Mun-Joo Bae, Ji-Yeon Yang, Jung-Woo Son, Jae-Lim Cho, Sang-Gyu Lee, Bo-Mi Jang, Hyun-Woo Lee, Jong-Soon Lim, Dong-Chun Shin, Young-Wook Lim
BACKGROUND: Carbon monoxide (CO) is one of the primary components of emissions from light-duty vehicles, and reportedly comprises 77% of all pollutants emitted in terms of concentration. Exposure to CO aggravates cardiovascular disease and causes other health disorders. The study was aimed to assess the negative effects by injecting different amounts of CO concentration directly to human volunteers boarding in the car. METHODS: Human volunteers were exposed to CO concentrations of 0, 33...
April 5, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
Amber M Morse, Mary E Aitken, Samantha H Mullins, Beverly K Miller, Mindy M Pomtree, Erin M Ulloa, Jeffrey S Montgomery, Marie E Saylors
BACKGROUND: Current American Academy of Pediatrics recommendations regarding transition from child safety/booster seat to adult safety belt use indicate that children should be at least 4 feet 9 inches, 8 years old, or 80 pounds. Proper fit in the vehicle seat, assessed with a five-point fit test, should also be met. Although most children reach 4 feet 9 inches around age 8 years, each child and vehicle presents a unique combination; thus a child may not fit appropriately in all vehicle types using only the 4 feet 9 inches requirement...
November 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Sai Praveen Velagapudi, Gaur Gopal Ray
Objective The aim of this study is to develop a reliable and valid Motorcycle Seating Comfort Questionnaire (MSCQ). Background Motorcycle seat development is an iterative process based on subjective evaluations; however, there are no established subjective tools for evaluation of seating comfort. Research also suggests that seating comfort in motorcycles is poor and needs improvement. The development of a MSCQ therefore is an important step that can enable further research and aid in improving the design of motorcycle seats...
December 2017: Human Factors
Kate Hunter, Lisa Keay, Kathleen Clapham, Julie Brown, Lynne E Bilston, Marilyn Lyford, Celeste Gilbert, Rebecca Q Ivers
We explored the factors influencing the use of age-appropriate car seats in a community with a high proportion of Aboriginal families in regional New South Wales. We conducted a survey and three focus groups with parents of children aged 3-5 years enrolled at three early learning centres on the Australian south-east coast. Survey data were triangulated with qualitative data from focus groups and analysed using the PRECEDE-PROCEED conceptual framework. Of the 133 eligible families, 97 (73%) parents completed the survey including 31% of parents who reported their children were Aboriginal...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Catherine M Hogan, Nancy L Weaver, Claire Cioni, Jessica Fry, Alyssa Hamilton, Samantha Thompson
INTRODUCTION: More than 9,000 children die annually from various causes of unintentional injury. Of all the pediatric unintentional injuries occurring in the United States, 8.7 million are treated in emergency departments, and 225,000 require hospitalization annually. Health education programs are available to address these injuries. The objective of this research was to examine the distribution of self-reported high priority injury risks in an urban Midwestern pediatric level 1 trauma center and investigate the relationship between parental perceptions and injury-prevention behaviors...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
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