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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599744/understanding-the-risks-sitting-and-carrying-devices-pose-to-safe-infant-sleep
#1
Roger Rholdon
There have been various campaigns and recommendations to decrease the incidence of sudden unexpected infant death. Despite this, caregivers continue to place infants in unsafe sleeping environments. These environments, such as sitting devices, slings, carriers, and car seats, pose a significant risk to an infant's safety because of the risk from suffocation and cardiorespiratory instability. It is important for health care providers to understand the appropriate use of car seats, slings, and other sitting devices, to model appropriate behaviors, and to educate parents and caregivers...
June 2017: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594247/differences-in-the-kinematics-of-booster-seated-pediatric-occupants-using-two-different-car-seats
#2
O Juste-Lorente, M Maza, A I Lorente, F J Lopez-Valdes
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to compare the performance of forward-facing Child Restraint Systems (CRS) mounted on two different seats. METHODS: Two different ATD (Anthropomorphic Test Device) sizes (P3 and P6), using the same child restraint system (a non-ISOFIX high-back booster seat) were exposed to the ECE R44 regulatory deceleration pulse in a deceleration sled. Two different seats (seat A, seat B) were used. Three repetitions per ATD and mounting seat were done, resulting in a total of 12 sled crashes...
June 8, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561143/assessment-of-anthropometric-measurements-as-predictors-of-car-seat-screening-failure
#3
Natalie L Davis, Elena Donald, Maura Heffernan, Brian N Corwell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548919/a-novel-method-for-quanitifying-comfort-in-child-passengers-demonstrates-an-association-between-child-restraint-comfort-and-errors-in-use-of-booster-seats
#4
Cameron K Fong, Lynne E Bilston, Gunther Paul, Julie Brown
OBJECTIVE: Misuse of child restraint systems is a widespread and long-standing problem impacting risk of injury and death in car crashes. Discomfort has been suggested as a causative factor for misuse, particularly in errors introduced by children while they use the restraints. However, the relationship between comfort and errors in use has never been studied. In this study we examine the reliability and sensitivity of a newly developed observational method for assessing comfort in children in vehicles...
May 29, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502412/computer-based-estimation-of-the-hip-joint-reaction-force-and-hip-flexion-angle-in-three-different-sitting-configurations
#5
J Van Houcke, A Schouten, G Steenackers, D Vandermeulen, C Pattyn, E A Audenaert
Sitting is part of our daily work and leisure activities and can be performed in different configurations. To date, the impact of different sitting configurations on hip joint loading has not been studied. We therefore evaluated the hip joint reaction force (HJRF) and hip flexion angle in a virtual representative male Caucasian population by means of musculoskeletal modelling of three distinct sitting configurations: a simple chair, a car seat and a kneeling chair configuration. The observed median HJRF in relation to body weight and hip flexion angle, respectively, was 22...
September 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498037/do-parental-decision-making-patterns-predict-compliance-with-use-of-child-booster-seats
#6
Sarit Shimony-Kanat, Rosa Gofin, Anna C Kienski Woloski Wruble, Leon Mann
Booster seat use for 4-9 year olds remains the lowest of all age groups in many countries. The objective of this study is to examine whether parents' decision-making patterns, as measured by the Melbourne Decision Making Questionnaire, relate to car booster seat use. Israeli parents of 4-7 years old children (n = 398) answered a questionnaire about car safety and decision-making habits. Ninety per cent of parents reported having a booster seat; 70.5% reported consistent booster seat use in general and on short drives during the last month (booster seat use compliance index)...
May 12, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462775/feasibility-of-a-novel-combination-of-influenza-vaccinations-and-child-passenger-safety-seat-fittings-in-a-drive-through-clinic-setting
#7
Ngoc Le, Rachel L Charney, James Gerard
OBJECTIVE: Public health preparedness is an ever-evolving area of medicine with the purpose of helping the masses quickly and efficiently. The drive-through clinic (DTC) model allows the distribution of supplies or services while participants remain in their cars. Influenza vaccination is the most common form of DTC and has been utilized successfully in metropolitan areas. METHODS: We hypothesized that combining influenza vaccinations and child passenger seat fittings in a DTC format would be both feasible and desired by the community...
May 2, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452891/child-seat-belt-guidelines-examining-the-4-9-rule-as-the-standard-examining-the-4-9-rule-as-the-standard
#8
Amber M Morse, Mary E Aitken, Samantha H Mullins, Beverly K Miller, Mindy M Pomtree, Erin M Ulloa, Jeffrey S Montgomery, Marie E Saylors
BACKGROUND: Current American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommendations regarding transition from child safety/booster seat to adult safety belt use indicate that children should be at least 4'9", 8 years old, or 80 pounds. Proper fit in the vehicle seat, assessed with a 5 point fit test, should also be met. While most children reach 4'9" around age 8, each child and vehicle presents a unique combination; thus a child may not fit appropriately in all vehicle types using only the 4'9" requirement...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448167/standardized-error-severity-score-ess-ratings-to-quantify-risk-associated-with-child-restraint-system-crs-and-booster-seat-misuse
#9
Christina M Rudin-Brown, Chelsea Kramer, Robin Langerak, Andrea Scipione, Shelley Kelsey
OBJECTIVE: Although numerous research studies have reported high levels of error and misuse of child restraint systems (CRS) and booster seats in experimental and real world scenarios, conclusions are limited because they provide little information regarding which installation issues pose the highest risk and thus should be targeted for change. Beneficial to legislating bodies and researchers alike would be a standardized, globally relevant, assessment of the potential injury risk associated with more common forms of CRS and booster seat misuse, which could be applied with observed error frequency, for example, in car seat clinics or during prototype user testing, to better identify and characterize the installation issues of greatest risk to safety...
April 27, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441153/discharge-criteria-for-the-late-preterm-infant-a-review-of-the-literature
#10
Jenny M Quinn, Marteen Sparks, Sheila M Gephart
BACKGROUND: Standardized late preterm infant (LPI) discharge criteria ensure best practice and help guide the neonatal provider to determine the appropriate level of care following birth. However, the location can vary from the well newborn setting to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). PURPOSE: The purpose of this review is to examine differences in LPI discharge criteria between the well newborn setting and the NICU by answering the clinical questions, "What are the recommended discharge criteria for the LPI and do they differ if admitted to the well newborn setting versus the NICU?" SEARCH STRATEGY: Databases searched include CINAHL, TRIP, PubMed, and the Cochrane Library...
April 24, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411731/take-over-again-investigating-multimodal-and-directional-tors-to-get-the-driver-back-into-the-loop
#11
Sebastiaan Petermeijer, Pavlo Bazilinskyy, Klaus Bengler, Joost de Winter
When a highly automated car reaches its operational limits, it needs to provide a take-over request (TOR) in order for the driver to resume control. The aim of this simulator-based study was to investigate the effects of TOR modality and left/right directionality on drivers' steering behaviour when facing a head-on collision without having received specific instructions regarding the directional nature of the TORs. Twenty-four participants drove three sessions in a highly automated car, each session with a different TOR modality (auditory, vibrotactile, and auditory-vibrotactile)...
July 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391113/tracers-as-invisible-evidence-the-transfer-and-persistence-of-flock-fibres-during-a-car-exchange
#12
Ana Slot, Jaap van der Weerd, Martin Roos, Martin Baiker, Reinoud D Stoel, Matthijs C Zuidberg
This study assessed the recovery of flock fibres used as a tracer in a car exchange scenario. Flock fibres were deposited onto a car seat (or model thereof) and their transfer and persistence was investigated after a real or simulated car exchange. The overall aim of this study was to achieve an optimal use of flock fibres as tracers, i.e. to be able to select a fit-for-purpose flock fibre, to be able to predict the amount of flock fibres to be recovered from crime related items, and to be able to use these numbers to exclude accidental uptake...
March 23, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385953/a-randomised-safety-promotion-intervention-trial-among-low-income-families-with-toddlers
#13
Yan Wang, Andrea C Gielen, Laurence S Magder, Erin R Hager, Maureen M Black
BACKGROUND: Toddler-aged children are vulnerable to unintentional injuries, especially those in low-income families. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of an intervention grounded in social cognitive theory (SCT) on the reduction of home safety problems among low-income families with toddlers. METHODS: 277 low-income mother-toddler dyads were randomised into a safety promotion intervention (n=91) or an attention-control group (n=186)...
April 6, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332863/male-and-female-worldsid-and-post-mortem-human-subject-responses-in-full-scale-vehicle-tests
#14
Narayan Yoganandan, John Humm, Frank Pintar, Heather Rhule, Kevin Moorhouse, Brian Suntay, Jim Stricklin, Rodney Rudd, Matthew Craig
OBJECTIVE: This study compares the responses of male and female WorldSID dummies with post mortem human subject (PMHS) responses in full-scale vehicle tests. METHODS: Tests were conducted according to the FMVSS-214 protocols and using the U.S. Side Impact New Car Assessment Program change in velocity to match PMHS experiments, published earlier. Moving deformable barrier (MDB) tests were conducted with the male and female surrogates in the left front and left rear seats...
May 29, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289464/the-influence-of-parental-education-and-other-socio-economic-factors-on-child-car-seat-use
#15
Mateja Rok Simon, Aleš Korošec, Marjan Bilban
INTRODUCTION: The behaviour of parents in ensuring car passenger safety for their children is associated with socio-economic (SE) status of the family; however, the influence of parental education has rarely been researched and the findings are contradictory. The aim of the study was to clarify whether parental education influences the use of a child car seat during short rides. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out in outpatient clinics for children's healthcare across Slovenia...
March 1, 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216721/methodology-series-module-7-ecologic-studies-and-natural-experiments
#16
Maninder Singh Setia
In this module, we have discussed study designs that have not been covered in the previous modules - ecologic studies and natural experiments. In an ecologic study, the unit of analysis is a group or aggregate rather than the individual. It may be the characteristics of districts, states, or countries. For example, per capita income across countries, income quintiles across districts, and proportion of college graduates in states. If the data already exist (such as global measures and prevalence of diseases, data sets such as the National Family Health Survey, census data), then ecologic studies are cheap and data are easy to collect...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195706/piezoelectric-micro-and-nanostructured-fibers-fabricated-from-thermoplastic-nanocomposites-using-a-fiber-drawing-technique-comparative-study-and-potential-applications
#17
Xin Lu, Hang Qu, Maksim Skorobogatiy
We report an all-polymer flexible piezoelectric fiber that uses both judiciously chosen geometry and advanced materials in order to enhance fiber piezoelectric response. The microstructured/nanostructured fiber features a soft hollow polycarbonate core surrounded by a spiral multilayer cladding consisting of alternating layers of piezoelectric nanocomposites (polyvinylidene enhanced with BaTiO3, PZT, or CNT) and conductive polymer (carbon-filled polyethylene). The conductive polymer layers serve as two electrodes, and they also form two spatially offset electric connectors on the fiber surface designed for the ease of connectorization...
February 28, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159308/spectral-analysis-to-assess-exposure-to-extremely-low-frequency-magnetic-fields-in-cars
#18
Jesús M Paniagua, Montaña Rufo, Antonio Jiménez, Alicia Antolín, Jorge Barberá
A type of contamination that has been little studied in cars comes from the extremely low frequency (ELF) magnetic fields generated by the vehicle's electrical devices and the magnetized metal in the tyres. The magnetic fields in cars are frequently analysed with broadband meters sensitive to a frequency range above 30Hz. This has the disadvantage that they neither detect the magnetic field of the spinning tyres nor give any information on the spectral components, which makes it impossible to adequately assess exposure...
April 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149196/transporting-children-in-cars-and-the-use-of-child-safety-restraint-systems
#19
Allan Quadros Garcês, Igor Bonifacio Andrade Coimbra, Diego Salvador Muniz DA Silva
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the transport of children in automobiles and the use of child restraints systems (CRS). METHODS: This is a transversal descriptive study which included 200 vehicle drivers who carried 0-10 year old children in the city of São Luis, MA, Brazil. The drivers' passengers' and children's features were properly identified. The children's transportation using CRS were analyzed according to the Resolution 277/8 of the Brazilian National Traffic Department...
September 2016: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134803/trust-based-cooperative-social-system-applied-to-a-carpooling-platform-for-smartphones
#20
Cándido Caballero-Gil, Pino Caballero-Gil, Jezabel Molina-Gil, Francisco Martín-Fernández, Vincenzo Loia
One of the worst traffic problems today is the existence of huge traffic jams in almost any big city, produced by the large number of commuters using private cars. This problem has led to an increase in research on the optimization of vehicle occupancy in urban areas as this would help to solve the problem that most cars are occupied by single passengers. The solution of sharing the available seats in cars, known as carpooling, is already available in major cities around the world. However, carpooling is still not considered a safe and reliable solution for many users...
January 27, 2017: Sensors
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