keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

health administration

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087807/field-validation-of-the-los-angeles-motor-scale-as-a-tool-for-paramedic-assessment-of-stroke-severity
#1
Joon-Tae Kim, Pil-Wook Chung, Sidney Starkman, Nerses Sanossian, Samuel J Stratton, Marc Eckstein, Frank D Pratt, Robin Conwit, David S Liebeskind, Latisha Sharma, Lucas Restrepo, May-Kim Tenser, Miguel Valdes-Sueiras, Jeffrey Gornbein, Scott Hamilton, Jeffrey L Saver
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Los Angeles Motor Scale (LAMS) is a 3-item, 0- to 10-point motor stroke-deficit scale developed for prehospital use. We assessed the convergent, divergent, and predictive validity of the LAMS when performed by paramedics in the field at multiple sites in a large and diverse geographic region. METHODS: We analyzed early assessment and outcome data prospectively gathered in the FAST-MAG trial (Field Administration of Stroke Therapy-Magnesium phase 3) among patients with acute cerebrovascular disease (cerebral ischemia and intracranial hemorrhage) within 2 hours of onset, transported by 315 ambulances to 60 receiving hospitals...
January 13, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087796/prior-military-service-identity-stigma-and-mental-health-among-transgender-older-adults
#2
Charles P Hoy-Ellis, Chengshi Shiu, Kathleen M Sullivan, Hyun-Jun Kim, Allison M Sturges, Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Converging evidence from large community-based samples, Internet studies, and Veterans Health Administration data suggest that transgender adults have high rates of U.S. military service. However, little is known about the role of prior military service in their mental health later in life, particularly in relation to identity stigma. In this article, we examine relationships between prior military service, identity stigma, and mental health among transgender older adults...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087657/european-consensus-conference-on-faecal-microbiota-transplantation-in-clinical-practice
#3
Giovanni Cammarota, Gianluca Ianiro, Herbert Tilg, Mirjana Rajilić-Stojanović, Patrizia Kump, Reetta Satokari, Harry Sokol, Perttu Arkkila, Cristina Pintus, Ailsa Hart, Jonathan Segal, Marina Aloi, Luca Masucci, Antonio Molinaro, Franco Scaldaferri, Giovanni Gasbarrini, Antonio Lopez-Sanroman, Alexander Link, Pieter de Groot, Willem M de Vos, Christoph Högenauer, Peter Malfertheiner, Eero Mattila, Tomica Milosavljević, Max Nieuwdorp, Maurizio Sanguinetti, Magnus Simren, Antonio Gasbarrini
Faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is an important therapeutic option for Clostridium difficile infection. Promising findings suggest that FMT may play a role also in the management of other disorders associated with the alteration of gut microbiota. Although the health community is assessing FMT with renewed interest and patients are becoming more aware, there are technical and logistical issues in establishing such a non-standardised treatment into the clinical practice with safety and proper governance...
January 13, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087585/standard-based-comprehensive-detection-of-adverse-drug-reaction-signals-from-nursing-statements-and-laboratory-results-in-electronic-health-records
#4
Suehyun Lee, Jiyeob Choi, Hun-Sung Kim, Grace Juyun Kim, Kye Hwa Lee, Chan Hee Park, Jongsoo Han, Dukyong Yoon, Man Young Park, Rae Woong Park, Hye-Ryun Kang, Ju Han Kim
OBJECTIVE: We propose 2 Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities-enabled pharmacovigilance algorithms, MetaLAB and MetaNurse, powered by a per-year meta-analysis technique and improved subject sampling strategy. MATRIALS AND METHODS: This study developed 2 novel algorithms, MetaLAB for laboratory abnormalities and MetaNurse for standard nursing statements, as significantly improved versions of our previous electronic health record (EHR)-based pharmacovigilance method, called CLEAR...
January 13, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087171/a-propensity-score-matched-analysis-of-the-impact-of-minimum-inhibitory-concentration-on-mortality-in-patients-with-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-bacteremia-treated-with-cefepime-or-ceftazidime
#5
Angharad R Ratliff, Chris A Gentry, Riley J Williams
The United States Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute recently elected not to revise ceftazidime and cefepime Pseudomonas aeruginosa minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) susceptibility breakpoints but rather recommended specific dosage regimens to correspond to breakpoints. This study's objective was to examine mortality of low and high MIC P. aeruginosa isolates in bacteremic patients treated with cefepime or ceftazidime. Data were gathered through a Veterans Health Administration national administrative database for veterans with P...
January 3, 2017: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087130/attitudes-practices-and-experiences-with-implementing-a-patient-centered-medical-home-for-women-veterans
#6
Lisa S Meredith, Yan Wang, Adeyemi Okunogbe, Alicia A Bergman, Ismelda A Canelo, Jill E Darling, Elizabeth M Yano
BACKGROUND: Despite the growing demand for health care among women veterans in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA), little is known about the perspectives of primary care providers (PCPs) and other primary care staff about the care they provide to women veterans. We sought to understand whether barriers to, attitudes about, and practices in caring for women veterans were associated with two measures of implementation of the VHA patient-centered medical home for women veterans (self-efficacy and satisfaction)...
January 10, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087072/enhancing-delirium-case-definitions-in-electronic-health-records-using-clinical-free-text
#7
Thomas H McCoy, Deanna C Chaukos, Leslie A Snapper, Kamber L Hart, Theodore A Stern, Roy H Perlis
BACKGROUND: Delirium is an acute confusional state, associated with morbidity and mortality in diverse medically ill populations. Delirium is preventable and treatable when diagnosed but the diagnosis is often missed. This important and difficult diagnosis is an attractive candidate for computer-aided decision support if it can be reliably identified at scale. OBJECTIVE: Here, using an electronic health record-based case definition of delirium, we characterize incidence of this highly morbid condition in 2 large academic medical centers...
October 27, 2016: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086914/delivering-hiv-services-in-partnership-factors-affecting-collaborative-working-in-a-south-african-hiv-programme
#8
Geoffrey A Jobson, Cornelis J Grobbelaar, Moyahabo Mabitsi, Jean Railton, Remco P H Peters, James A McIntyre, Helen E Struthers
BACKGROUND: The involvement of Global Health Initiatives (GHIs) in delivering health services in low and middle income countries (LMICs) depends on effective collaborative working at scales from the local to the international, and a single GHI is effectively constructed of multiple collaborations. Research is needed focusing on how collaboration functions in GHIs at the level of health service management. Here, collaboration between local implementing agencies and departments of health involves distinct power dynamics and tensions...
January 13, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086769/effect-of-ginseng-extract-on-the-tgf-%C3%AE-1-signaling-pathway-in-ccl4-induced-liver-fibrosis-in-rats
#9
Mohamed M Hafez, Sherifa S Hamed, Manal F El-Khadragy, Zeinab K Hassan, Salim S Al Rejaie, Mohamed M Sayed-Ahmed, Naif O Al-Harbi, Khalid A Al-Hosaini, Mohamed M Al-Harbi, Ali R Alhoshani, Othman A Al-Shabanah, Shakir Dekhal Alsharari
BACKGROUND: Liver diseases are major global health problems. Ginseng extract has antioxidant, immune-modulatory and anti-inflammatory activities. This study investigated the effect of ginseng extract on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced liver fibrosis in rats. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were divided into four groups: control group, ginseng group, CCl4 group and CCl4 + ginseng group. Liver injury was induced by the intraperitoneal (I.P) injection of 3 ml/kg CCl4 (30% in olive oil) weekly for 8 weeks...
January 13, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080206/probiotics-d-lactic-acidosis-oxidative-stress-and-strain-specificity
#10
Luis Vitetta, Samantha Coulson, Michael Thomsen, Tony Nguyen, Sean Hall
1. The existence of an implicit living microscopic world, composed primarily of bacteria, has been known for centuries. The exact mechanisms that govern the contribution of bacteria to human health and disease have only recently become the subject of intense research efforts. Within this very evident shift in paradigms, the rational design of probiotic formulations has led to the creation of an industry that seeks to progress the engineering of probiotic bacteria that produce metabolites that may enhance human host health and prevent disease...
January 12, 2017: Gut Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080012/medicaid-s-future-what-might-aca-repeal-mean
#11
Sara Rosenbaum, Sara Rothenberg, Rachel Gunsalus, Sara Schmucker
Issue: Republicans in Congress are expected to repeal portions of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) using a fast-track process known as budget reconciliation. Goals: This issue brief examines how repeal legislation could affect Medicaid, the nation’s health care safety net, which insured 70 million people in 2016. Findings and Conclusions: Partial-repeal legislation that passed Congress but was vetoed by President Obama in 2016 offers some insight but new legislation could go further. It could repeal the ACA’s Medicaid eligibility expansions for adults and children but also roll back other provisions, such as simplified enrollment and improvements in long-term services and supports for beneficiaries with disabilities...
2017: Issue Brief of the Commonwealth Fund
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079974/findings-from-a-pilot-study-bringing-evidence-based-practice-to-the-bedside
#12
Mary Ann Friesen, Joni M Brady, Renee Milligan, Patricia Christensen
BACKGROUND: To translate research supporting inpatient care outcomes and provide evidence-based care, registered nurses (RNs) need continuing education and mentoring support to adopt evidence-based practice (EBP). AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess a demonstration project intended to pilot and evaluate a structured EBP education with mentoring innovation for nurses in a multihospital system. METHODS: Nurses from five units in five hospitals were included in an education with mentoring innovation to implement the Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence-Based Practice Model and the Advancing Research and Clinical practice through close Collaboration (ARCC) Model...
January 12, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079600/acute-administration-of-cyclosporine-a-does-not-impair-attention-or-memory-performance-in-healthy-men
#13
Anna L Kahl, Julia Kirchhof, Anna Füting, Bernd-Otto Hütter, Benjamin Wilde, Oliver Witzke, Sven Benson, Martin Hadamitzky, Manfred Schedlowski
There is clinical and experimental evidence that treatment with immunosuppressive and antiproliferative drugs such as the calcineurin inhibitor cyclosporine A (CsA) is associated with mental health problems and neuropsychological disturbances in patients. However, it remains unclear whether and to what extent cognitive functions such as memory and attention processes are affected by the pharmacological treatment. This is partly because of the fact that it is difficult to refer the observed neuropsychological disturbances in patients to the drug itself, to drug-induced immune suppression, or to interaction with other medication or comorbidities...
January 11, 2017: Behavioural Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079461/building-the-evidence-base-for-tele-emergency-care-efforts-to-identify-a-standardized-set-of-outcome-measures
#14
Yael Harris, Boyd Gilman, Marcia M Ward, Jonathan Ladinsky, Jacqueline Crowley, Cannon Warren, Craig Caplan
BACKGROUND: To enhance the quality of emergency department (ED) care, some rural hospitals have adopted the use of telemedicine (tele-ED). Without a common set of metrics, it is difficult to quantify the impact of this technology. INTRODUCTION: To address this limitation, the Health Resources and Services Administration funded the identification and testing of a core set of measures that could be used to build a business case for the value of tele-ED care. METHODS: A comprehensive environmental scan was conducted to identify existing measures relevant to assessing ED care and the use of telemedicine...
January 12, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079322/-incidence-of-non-work-related-sickness-absence-in-spain-by-economic-activity-of-the-company
#15
Fernando G Benavides, Elena Zaballa, Xavier Duran, Victòria Sanchez-Niubo, David Gimeno Ruiz de Porras
INTRODUCTION: The management of sickness absence due to non-work-related diseases in Spain has typically focused on the control of its duration. The goal of this study was to provide estimates for the incidence of sickness absence due to nonwork-related diseases by economic activity to help shift the focus of management of sickness absence towards prevention. METHODS: Retrospective study based on 646,337 workers and 133,812 episodes of sickness absence started in 2009, from the Working Continuous Life Sample...
January 2017: Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079008/walking-a-tightrope-a-perspective-of-resveratrol-effects-on-breast-cancer
#16
Caterina Bartolacci, Cristina Andreani, Augusto Amici, Cristina Marchini
It is an acknowledged fact that health benefits are derived from fruit- and vegetables-enriched diets. In particular, polyphenols, compounds bearing one or more hydroxyl groups attached to an aromatic ring, are ascribed for most of such beneficial effects. Among them, resveratrol, a phytoalexin found in numerous plant species, and more notably in grapes, has widely piqued the interest of the scientific community by virtue of its anti-aging, anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties. Moreover, evidence claiming resveratrol ability to hinder processes underlying all the three steps of carcinogenesis (tumor initiation, progression and metastasization) has propelled an incredibly massive number of studies aimed at enquiring its eventual clinical potential in the fight against cancer...
January 11, 2017: Current Protein & Peptide Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077347/translating-e-mental-health-into-practice-what-are-the-barriers-and-enablers-to-e-mental-health-implementation-by-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-health-professionals
#17
James Bennett-Levy, Judy Singer, Simon DuBois, Kelly Hyde
BACKGROUND: With increasing evidence for the effectiveness of e-mental health interventions for enhancing mental health and well-being, a growing challenge is how to translate promising research findings into service delivery contexts. A 2012 e-mental health initiative by the Australian Federal Government (eMHPrac) has sought to address the issue through several strategies, one of which has been to train different health professional workforces in e-mental health (e-MH). OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to report on the barriers and enablers of e-MH uptake in a cohort of predominantly Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health professionals (21 Indigenous, 5 non-Indigenous) who occupied mainly support or case management roles within their organizations...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077145/perceptions-and-experiences-of-the-mistreatment-of-women-during-childbirth-in-health-facilities-in-guinea-a-qualitative-study-with-women-and-service-providers
#18
Mamadou Diouldé Balde, Boubacar Alpha Diallo, Abou Bangoura, Oumar Sall, Anne Marie Soumah, Joshua P Vogel, Meghan A Bohren
BACKGROUND: Every woman is entitled to respectful care during childbirth; so it is concerning to hear of informal reports of mistreatment during childbirth in Guinea. This study sought to explore the perceptions and experiences of mistreatment during childbirth, from the perspectives of women and service providers, and the analysis presents findings according to a typology of mistreatment during childbirth. METHODS: This study used qualitative methods (in-depth interviews (IDIs) and focus group discussions (FGDs)) and was conducted with four groups of participants: women of reproductive age, midwives, doctors, and administrators...
January 11, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077033/governing-health-equity-in-scandinavian-municipalities-the-inter-sectorial-challenge
#19
Christian Elling Scheele, Ingvild Little, Finn Diderichsen
AIMS: Local governments in the Scandinavian countries are increasingly committed to reduce health inequity through 'health equity in all policies' (HEiAP) governance. There exists, however, only very sporadic implementation evidence concerning municipal HEiAP governance, which is the focus of this study. METHODS: Data are based on qualitative thematic network analysis of 20 interviews conducted from 2014 to 2015 with Scandinavian political and administrative practitioners...
January 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077017/adolescent-and-young-adult-aya-lymphoma-survivors-report-lower-health-related-quality-of-life-compared-to-a-normative-population-results-from-the-profiles-registry
#20
Olga Husson, Judith B Prins, Suzanne E J Kaal, Simone Oerlemans, Wendy B Stevens, Bradley Zebrack, Winette T A van der Graaf, Lonneke V van de Poll-Franse
BACKGROUND: Trying to simultaneously achieve developmental milestones and cope with a life-threatening disease may place adolescents and young adults (AYAs) at risk for impaired health-related quality of life (HRQoL) later in life. The aim of this study was to examine differences in HRQoL between AYA lymphoma survivors and a normative population and to determine sociodemographic, clinical and long-term symptom-related factors associated with HRQoL. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was part of a longitudinal, population-based survey among lymphoma survivors diagnosed between 1999 and 2012...
January 12, 2017: Acta Oncologica
keyword
keyword
22077
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"