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Sigmoid volvulus

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202185/pediatric-colonic-volvulus-a-single-institution-experience-and-review
#1
REVIEW
Sami Tannouri, Aditi Hendi, Elizabeth Gilje, Leslie Grissom, Douglas Katz
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Pediatric colonic volvulus is both rare and underreported. Existing literature consists only of case reports and small series. We present an analysis of cases (n=11) over 15 years at a single institution, focusing on workup and diagnosis. METHODS: This was an institutional review board approved single-institution retrospective chart review of 11 cases of large bowel volvulus occurring over 15 years (2000-2015). RESULTS: In our series, the most common presenting symptoms were abdominal pain and distention...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183049/case-report-of-a-giant-colonic-sigmoid-diverticulum-causing-sigmoid-volvulus
#2
John Alfred Carr
INTRODUCTION: Giant colonic diverticulum is a rare complication of colonic diverticulosis that occurs when a single diverticulum enlarges to over 4cm in diameter. There have been fewer than 200 cases reported worldwide since it was first described in 1946. PRESENTATION OF CASE: The author presents a rare case of a giant colonic diverticulum that presented as a sigmoid volvulus. The patient underwent emergency surgery with resection of the diverticulum and reduction of the volvulus...
January 25, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159499/sigmoidectomy-via-an-elective-approach-for-sigmoid-volvulus-with-video
#3
H Najah, G Godiris Petit, S Noullet, A Ayed, F Menegaux, C Trésallet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2017: Journal of Visceral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144211/volvulus-of-the-small-bowel-and-colon
#4
REVIEW
Muneera R Kapadia
Volvulus of the intestines may involve either the small bowel or colon. In the pediatric population, small bowel volvulus is more common, while in the adult population, colonic volvulus is more often seen. The two most common types of colonic volvulus include sigmoid and cecal volvulus. Prompt diagnosis and treatment is imperative, otherwise bowel ischemia may ensue. Treatment often involves emergent surgical exploration and bowel resection.
February 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100944/ostomy-in-nontraumatic-conditions-our-experience-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Kenan Büyükaşık, Bünyamin Gürbulak, Emre Özoran, Yiğit Düzköylü, Esin Kabul Gürbulak, Aziz Arı, Hasan Bektaş
A number of nontraumatic acute abdomen can result in peritonitis leading to sepsis. In emergent conditions, various procedures like segmentary colectomy and/or subtotal colectomy with anastomosis, Hartmann's procedure, transverse colectomy, and/or expandable metallic stent (SEMS) placement can be performed, considering the status of the patient and the facilitaties of the institution. In our study, we examined the cases diagnosed as acute abdomen without the history of trauma, which had lead to a procedure requiring colostomy...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096327/pneumatosis-coli-causing-pneumoperitoneum
#6
Jennifer M Nishimura, Ted Farzaneh, Alessio Pigazzi
This is a case of a 54-year-old gentleman who presented to an outside hospital emergency department with lower abdominal pain. Computed tomography imaging showed a small amount of intraperitoneal free air and cystic pneumatosis coli. He was admitted, managed conservatively with intravenous antibiotics, and then discharged home after his symptoms improved. Elective laparoscopic sigmoid colectomy was subsequently performed with intraoperative findings of partial sigmoid volvulus and extensive pneumatosis coli of the sigmoid colon...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064245/conservative-management-of-migrated-percutaneous-endoscopic-colostomy-tube
#7
Thomas J G Chase, Joshua Luck, Lauren S Harris, Gareth Bashir
A 68-year-old male nursing home resident presented following dislodgement of a percutaneous endoscopic colostomy (PEC) tube originally sited to prevent recurrent sigmoid volvulus. Computed tomography demonstrated tube migration into the lumen of the recto-sigmoid junction, where it remained for 12 days before passing spontaneously. During this period, the patient remained asymptomatic; the residual colocutaneous fistula functioned as a decompressive valve. Originally, the patient was due to be discharged with early flexible sigmoidoscopy follow-up...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049368/a-wandering-folded-liver-displaced-by-the-distended-bowel-a-new-case-report-with-review-of-the-literature
#8
Mohamed A Rabie, Charles Godavitarne
INTRODUCTION: The wandering liver is an extremely rare condition in which the liver moves significantly or 'wander' with changes in patient's lie. This is believed to be an acquired condition perhaps precipitated by persistent congenital ventral mesogastrium which acts as an axis or a mesentery for the liver to rotate. The vast majority of reported cases were associated with other chronic abnormalities of the gastrointestinal tract, especially sigmoid volvulus. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We present a case report of an acquired isolated transposition of the liver with a review of the English-language literature of wandering liver in adults and paediatric age group...
January 3, 2017: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005000/nonsurgically-treated-sigmoid-volvulus-in-a-young-patient-3-days-after-renal-transplant
#9
İsmail Bilgiç, Mehmet Tolga Kafadar, Işılay Nadir, Mukaddes Ayşe Bilgiç, Ali Akçay, Aydın Dalgıç
Sigmoid volvulus is a rare clinical condition in young individuals. It should be accurately diagnosed and treated in a rapid manner. Surgical and nonsurgical conservative methods are used for the treatment of sigmoid volvulus. Patients having no signs of perforation or peritonitis should be primarily treated by colonoscopic detorsion. A delay in the diagnosis and treatment of this condition may cause significant morbidity and mortality in an immunosuppressed patient with newly performed renal transplant and diffuse abdominal pain...
December 22, 2016: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959348/seven-cases-of-sigmoid-volvulus-in-parkinson-s-disease
#10
S Blackley, C Maguire, T Daniels
Non-motor features of Parkinson's disease are receiving greater recognition. Constipation affects up to 50% of patients with Parkinson's disease and sigmoid volvulus remains an under recognised complication with mortality rates up to 50%. The incidence of sigmoid volvulus in the general population is 1.7/100,000/year. The specific incidence in Parkinson's disease is not known; however, this case series suggests that it is noticeably more than in the general population at 100/100,000/year. This paper highlights the importance of early recognition and treatment of constipation to prevent volvulus developing and thevarious treatments currently available...
September 2016: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888591/a-novel-approach-to-minimally-invasive-management-of-sigmoid-volvulus
#11
Alireza Tavassoli, Ghodratollah Maddah, Sadjad Noorshafiee, Maryam Salehi, Shima Imannezhad, Ehsanollah Ghorbanian
Resection is the most common treatment choice for sigmoid volvulus, a common complication in our region. A new minimally invasive technique for sigmoid resection with local anesthesia was done in this study. This method is invented to avoid general on regional anesthesia in high-risk patients. Nineteen patients were evaluated and then 14 were enrolled in this study. Sigmoidectomy with a left lower quadrant incision was performed and demographic data, the length of hospital stay, complications and procedure time were recorded...
October 2016: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826940/sigmoid-volvulus-through-a-transmesenteric-hernia
#12
Pedro Nuno Brandão, Vilma Martins, Cristina Silva, José Davide
Internal hernias are a rare pathology with very low incidence. Transmesenteric hernias represent less than 10% of all cases and may occur at any age. They involve more often the small bowel and, more rarely, the colon. We present a case of a sigmoid volvulus through a transmesenteric hernia in a 19-year-old patient.
November 8, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775288/-video-assisted-sigmoidectomy-as-an-option-for-sigmoid-volvulus-management-in-the-pediatric-population
#13
S Castañeda, I Molina, P Jaimes, J Beltrán, J Valero, F Fierro
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to evaluate clinical presentation and management of sigmoid volvulus in children. Sigmoid volvulus is one of the three leading causes of acute obstruction of the colon and is between 50 and 90% of all large bowel volvulus. In the pediatric population only 3 to 5% of bowel obstructions are caused by volvulus and there are less than 100 cases reported in the literature. The presence of a redundant sigmoid with a narrow mesentery (dolicosigmoide) is a prerequisite for the volvulus formation...
April 15, 2015: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742643/synchronous-volvulus-of-the-sigmoid-colon-and-caecum-a-very-rare-cause-of-large-bowel-obstruction
#14
Shariful Islam, Devin Hosein, Vinoo Bheem, Dilip Dan
Colonic volvulus usually occurs as a single event that can affect various parts of the colon. The usual sites affected being the sigmoid colon (75%) and the caecum (22%). The phenomenon of multiple sites simultaneously undergoing volvulus is an extremely rare occurrence. Synchronous double colonic volvulus is extremely rare and to the best of our knowledge, this is the 4th reported case of simultaneous sigmoid and caecal volvulus in the English literature. The clinical presentation and the radiological findings are that of large bowel obstruction...
October 14, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708513/percutaneous-endoscopic-colostomy-a-useful-technique-when-surgery-is-not-an-option
#15
Gloria Tun, Dominic Bullas, Ayman Bannaga, Elmuhtady M Said
Percutaneous endoscopic colostomy (PEC) is a minimally invasive endoscopic procedure that offers an alternative treatment for high-risk patients with sigmoid volvulus or intestinal pseudo-obstruction who have tried conventional treatment options without success or those who are unfit for surgery. The procedure acts as an irrigation or decompressing channel and provides colonic 'fixation' to the anterior abdominal wall. The risk of complications highlights the importance of informed consent for patients and relatives...
October 2016: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687428/bilateral-tension-pneumothorax-during-colonoscopy-in-a-patient-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-case-report
#16
Wei-Cheng Tseng, Chun-Chang Yeh, Shu-Wen Jao, Zhi-Fu Wu, Shinn-Long Lin
Colonoscopy is widely performed for the diagnosis and treatment of various colonic disorders and the screening and surveillance of colorectal neoplasia. According to research evidence, up to one-third of patients had at least 1 minor and transient gastrointestinal symptom after colonoscopy. Although severe complications developed uncommonly, they are potentially serious and life threatening. Here, we present the case of a 95-year-old man with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who developed bilateral tension pneumothorax during therapeutic colonoscopy for sigmoid volvulus...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633526/sigmoid-volvulus-after-caesarean-section
#17
Asem Ahmed Elfert, Eslam Saber Esmail, Ibrahim Shibl S Eldin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614777/intestinal-surgery
#18
REVIEW
André Desrochers, David E Anderson
A wide variety of disorders affecting the intestinal tract in cattle may require surgery. Among those disorders the more common are: intestinal volvulus, jejunal hemorrhage syndrome and more recently the duodenal sigmoid flexure volvulus. Although general principles of intestinal surgery can be applied, cattle has anatomical and behavior particularities that must be known before invading the abdomen. This article focuses on surgical techniques used to optimize outcomes and discusses specific disorders of small intestine...
November 2016: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Food Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556086/use-of-percutaneous-endoscopic-colostomy-pec-to-treat-sigmoid-volvulus-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Lucinda Frank, Alex Moran, Ceri Beaton
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Percutaneous endoscopic colostomy provides an alternative management option for patients with recurrent sigmoid volvulus who are considered too high risk to undergo surgery. We reviewed the literature to assess whether the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence guidelines published in 2006 supporting the use of percutaneous endoscopic colostomy are still valid. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase...
July 2016: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525078/sigmoid-volvulus-in-pregnancy-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#20
Costas Serafeimidis, Ifereimi Waqainabete, Anne Creaton, Esala Vakamacawai, Ronal Kumar
Sigmoid volvulus in pregnancy is a very rare condition. Despite this, clinicians should have a high index of suspicion of this condition if they encounter a pregnant woman with symptoms suggestive of bowel obstruction. Incorrect diagnosis may be catastrophic, resulting in major complications, including fetal and maternal death.
August 2016: Clinical Case Reports
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