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Sigmoid volvulus

Shariful Islam, Devin Hosein, Vinoo Bheem, Dilip Dan
Colonic volvulus usually occurs as a single event that can affect various parts of the colon. The usual sites affected being the sigmoid colon (75%) and the caecum (22%). The phenomenon of multiple sites simultaneously undergoing volvulus is an extremely rare occurrence. Synchronous double colonic volvulus is extremely rare and to the best of our knowledge, this is the 4th reported case of simultaneous sigmoid and caecal volvulus in the English literature. The clinical presentation and the radiological findings are that of large bowel obstruction...
October 14, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
Gloria Tun, Dominic Bullas, Ayman Bannaga, Elmuhtady M Said
Percutaneous endoscopic colostomy (PEC) is a minimally invasive endoscopic procedure that offers an alternative treatment for high-risk patients with sigmoid volvulus or intestinal pseudo-obstruction who have tried conventional treatment options without success or those who are unfit for surgery. The procedure acts as an irrigation or decompressing channel and provides colonic 'fixation' to the anterior abdominal wall. The risk of complications highlights the importance of informed consent for patients and relatives...
October 2016: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
Wei-Cheng Tseng, Chun-Chang Yeh, Shu-Wen Jao, Zhi-Fu Wu, Shinn-Long Lin
Colonoscopy is widely performed for the diagnosis and treatment of various colonic disorders and the screening and surveillance of colorectal neoplasia. According to research evidence, up to one-third of patients had at least 1 minor and transient gastrointestinal symptom after colonoscopy. Although severe complications developed uncommonly, they are potentially serious and life threatening. Here, we present the case of a 95-year-old man with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who developed bilateral tension pneumothorax during therapeutic colonoscopy for sigmoid volvulus...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Asem Ahmed Elfert, Eslam Saber Esmail, Ibrahim Shibl S Eldin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
André Desrochers, David E Anderson
A wide variety of disorders affecting the intestinal tract in cattle may require surgery. Among those disorders the more common are: intestinal volvulus, jejunal hemorrhage syndrome and more recently the duodenal sigmoid flexure volvulus. Although general principles of intestinal surgery can be applied, cattle has anatomical and behavior particularities that must be known before invading the abdomen. This article focuses on surgical techniques used to optimize outcomes and discusses specific disorders of small intestine...
November 2016: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Food Animal Practice
Lucinda Frank, Alex Moran, Ceri Beaton
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Percutaneous endoscopic colostomy provides an alternative management option for patients with recurrent sigmoid volvulus who are considered too high risk to undergo surgery. We reviewed the literature to assess whether the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence guidelines published in 2006 supporting the use of percutaneous endoscopic colostomy are still valid. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase...
July 2016: Endoscopy International Open
Costas Serafeimidis, Ifereimi Waqainabete, Anne Creaton, Esala Vakamacawai, Ronal Kumar
Sigmoid volvulus in pregnancy is a very rare condition. Despite this, clinicians should have a high index of suspicion of this condition if they encounter a pregnant woman with symptoms suggestive of bowel obstruction. Incorrect diagnosis may be catastrophic, resulting in major complications, including fetal and maternal death.
August 2016: Clinical Case Reports
Masaaki Shida, Yoshihiko Kitajima, Masayuki Tanaka, Hiroharu Tsuji
INTRODUCTION: Abdominal compartment syndrome or intra-abdominal hypertension may occur after intra-abdominal events, but their etiology and clinical signs remain unclear. We report a case of abdominal compartment syndrome in an elderly patient without other risk factors. PRESENTATION OF CASE: An 86-year-old man had been admitted to our hospital several times for a dilated sigmoid colon with elongation, and had complained about abdominal pain and abdominal fullness...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Samantha Mc Kenzie Stancu, Bogdan Aurelian Popescu, Mircea Beuran
Meckel's Diverticulum is the most common congenital malformation of the gastrointestinal tract with a prevalence of 2 % in the general population, being twice as common and symptomatic in males. Not seldom is the diagnosis made incidentally, upon laparotomy for other intra-abdominal conditions, namely acute appendicitis. Simple Diverticulectomy is the surgical treatment of choice. We present the case of S.M., a 38 year-old male who was admitted to the Surgery Department of the Bucharest Clinical Emergency Hospital for sudden onset of initially periumbilical pain, which later migrated and localized in the right iliac fossa (RIF) accompanied by vomiting after the onset of pain, approximately 24 hours prior to admission...
May 2016: Chirurgia
Xuetong Jiang, Chuanqi Xu, Dong Tang, Daorong Wang
Synchronous colorectal cancers refer to the simultaneous occurrence of multiple colorectal tumors in a single patient, excluding any metastases from other organs. At present, radical surgery is considered the standard curative treatment; however, individualized surgical strategies depend on tumor location, the depth of invasion and the general health of the patient. In the present study, the case of a 52-year-old man who presented with a 2-month history of abdominal pain that was accompanied by intermittent hematochezia and weight loss is reported...
August 2016: Oncology Letters
Harbi Khalayleh, Benjamin Z Koplewitz, Vadim Kapuller, Yaron Armon, Sinan Abu-Leil, Dan Arbell
BACKGROUND: Neonatal sigmoid volvulus is a rare entity. It is associated with Hirschsprung's disease. Presentation is acute abdominal distention, vomiting and obstipation. Abdominal radiograph will show the "coffee bean" sign, but this is frequently missed and the diagnosis requires a high index of suspicion. Treatment options include contrast enema, colonoscopy or laparotomy, depending on the condition of the baby and local availability. POPULATION AND RESULTS: During the last 6years, 6 infants with sigmoid volvulus were treated in our department...
November 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Faisal Inayat, Abu Hurairah, Faiq Shaikh
The Marfan syndrome (MFS) is a pleiotropic, autosomal dominant disorder of connective tissue with highly variable clinical manifestations. It primarily involves the skeletal, cardiovascular, and ocular systems; however, gastrointestinal complications are rare. Herein, we describe the case of a 31-year-old male who initially presented with acute abdominal pain for one day. His imaging features revealed a dilated sigmoid colon, consistent with sigmoid volvulus that was immediately decompressed. Surgical resection was recommended to treat the sigmoid volvulus...
2016: Curēus
Antonio López-Serrano, Christian A Amurrio, Jaime Hervás, Patricia Latorre, Inmaculada Ortiz, Ana Polanco, Eduardo Moreno-Osset
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Endoscopy
Filippo Parolini, Paolo Orizio, Anna Lavinia Bulotta, Miguel Garcia Magne, Giovanni Boroni, Gianpaolo Cengia, Fabio Torri, Daniele Alberti
Sigmoid volvulus (SV) is extremely uncommon in children and is usually associated with a long-standing history of constipation or pseudo-obstruction. An early diagnosis and management are crucial in order to prevent the appearance of hemorrhagic infarction of the twisted loop, avoiding further complications such as necrosis, perforation and sepsis. In patients with no evidence of peritonitis or ischemic bowel, treatment starts with resuscitation and detorsion of the SV, accomplished by means of sigmoidoscopy and concomitant rectal tube placement...
June 25, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
C Dequiedt, M Milicevic
Sigmoid volvulus is a significant cause of bowel obstruction and will become a major cause in the future given its prevalence in the elderly and/or institutionalized patients. Furthermore that's the first cause of bowel obstruction in pregnant women. Given it's a non specific clinical presentation, the clinician has to do complementary exams, above all the x ray examinations. So, the role of radiologist is primordial in diagnostic, sometimes in the treatment given important morbidity and mortality of this pathology...
May 2016: Revue Médicale de Liège
Qurrat-ul-Ain, Syeda Anam Azhar, Sumera Baloch, Sohaib Ahmed Khan, Areeba Salim
Small bowel obstruction is one of the common conditions presenting in surgical wards, however fecalith is one of the rare causes of bowel obstruction. We present here a case of 65 years old lady, who presented with sub-acute intestinal obstruction. In spite of the initial diagnosis being sigmoid volvulus, exploratory laparotomy revealed a focolith in ileum which was retrieved through an enterotomy and primary closure was done. The patient recovered uneventfully. Thus emphasizing the need of through history and workup which steer us to the correct diagnosis...
January 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Urgessa Soressa, Abebe Mamo, Desta Hiko, Netsanet Fentahun
BACKGROUND: In Africa, acute intestinal obstruction accounts for a great proportion of morbidity and mortality. Ethiopia is one of the countries where intestinal obstruction is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. This study aims to determine prevalence, causes and management outcome of intestinal obstruction in Adama Hospital in Oromia region, Ethiopia. METHOD: A hospital based cross-sectional study design was used. Data covering the past three years were collected from hospital medical records of sampled patients...
2016: BMC Surgery
Abhishek Ranjan, Vishesh Jain, Shilpa Sharma, Devendra Kumar Gupta
Sigmoid volvulus is a rare and potentially life-threatening condition that is usually seen in adults, however, when diagnosed in children, it is often associated with Hirschsprung's disease (HD). We report a case of an 11-year-old boy who presented with a history of constipation since 1.5 months of age, with acute onset of severe abdominal pain and marked distention of the abdomen. Sigmoid volvulus was suspected, detected and successfully managed with resection of the sigmoid colon and primary Scott Boley's pull-through...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Abebe Engida, Tsehay Ayelign, Bekele Mahteme, Tilahun Aida, Berhane Abreham
BACKGROUND: Colostomy is one of the commonest life saving procedures done worldwide with an intention of either decompression of an obstructed colon or diversion of stool. Indications may vary from region to region. Attending morbidity and mortality is significant. the objective of this study was to Determine the common indications and types of colostomy, and outcomes of patients operated at SPHMMC. METHODS: A retrospective medical records of patients, operation log book and nursing records review was done in a two-year period between January 2011 and December 2013 at the College Teaching Hospital, St Paul's Hospital Millennium Medical, Addis Ababa...
March 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Y E James, B Tchangai, I Kassegne, K Keke, K D James
OBJECTIVES: Identifying the different kinds of anatomical sigmoid colon in our environment and determine what exposes the most to the occurrence of pelvic colon volvulus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a transverse prospective study from 1 January 2007 to 31 December 2012 on a series of 63 patients (33 men and 30 women) who underwent laparotomy for non-colonic pathologies. For all patients, the following parameters were recorded: C1: total length of the pelvic colon; C2: the length of the root of the meso-sigmoid; C3: the height of the meso-sigmoid; C4: maximum width of the meso-sigmoid...
May 19, 2016: Morphologie: Bulletin de L'Association des Anatomistes
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