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Diagnosis Related Group

Shalender Bhasin, Juan P Brito, Glenn R Cunningham, Frances J Hayes, Howard N Hodis, Alvin M Matsumoto, Peter J Snyder, Ronald S Swerdloff, Frederick C Wu, Maria A Yialamas
Objective: To update the "Testosterone Therapy in Men With Androgen Deficiency Syndromes" guideline published in 2010. Participants: The participants include an Endocrine Society-appointed task force of 10 medical content experts and a clinical practice guideline methodologist. Evidence: This evidence-based guideline was developed using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation approach to describe the strength of recommendations and the quality of evidence...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Hilal Gungor, Nevin Ilhan, Hatice Eroksuz
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is an important cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Early diagnosis and treatment of CRCs are of importance for improving the survival. In the present study, we studied the effects of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)-induced chemopreventive effects on tumor development incidence and angiogenesis in experimental CRC rats. 1,2-Dimethylhydrazine dihydrochloride (DMH) was used as cancer-inducing agent and two NSAIDs (celecoxib and diclofenac) were given orally as chemopreventive agents...
March 18, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Rafael Poveda-Roda, Pilar Moreno, José Bagán, María Margaix
AIMS: To determine whether subjects with temporomandibular disorders (TMD) manifesting as chronic myofascial pain (MFP) involving the masseter muscle present with significantly greater masseter muscle width, as evidenced by ultrasound, compared to individuals without MFP. METHODS: A case-control study was carried out. A total of 31 subjects presenting with MFP of the masticatory muscles involving the masseter muscle and 35 controls with TMD but no diagnosis of MFP, matched by age and sex, were included...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
Patrícia S Cê, Bernardo Bo Barreiro, Rodrigo Bm Silva, Rogério B Oliveira, Claiton Heitz, Maria M Campos
AIMS: To evaluate salivary levels of the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD), fibromyalgia, or both conditions in comparison to healthy individuals. METHODS: A total of 69 females (18 to 84 years of age) were assigned to one of four groups: (A) healthy controls (n = 27); (B) TMD only (n = 18); (C) fibromyalgia only (n = 15); and (D) fibromyalgia plus TMD (n = 9). Clinical data and salivary IL-1β levels were evaluated...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
Josephine Feliciano, Breanna Becker, Manish Shukla, Joann Bodurtha
BACKGROUND: The risk factors, diagnosis, management, and outcomes for lung cancer (LC) are a family experience. Genetic and environmental factors interact to predispose certain groups to LC, including family member, and the family or caregiving unit experiences the disease course as an interdependent group. This qualitative study examined the concerns and preferences of LC patients about incorporating family in addressing their lung cancer experiences and cancer risks. METHODS: This project aims to identify concerns and preferences for addressing family history documentation, risk assessment, prevention, and follow-up issues for LC patients and their family...
March 21, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Ahmad Piroozmand, Babak Soltani, Mohsen Razavizadeh, Amir Hasan Matini, Gholam Abbas Moosavi, Mohammad Salehi, Siamak Soltani
Background and aim: Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells (TREM-1) is a receptor on phagocytes that is triggered by infectious agents. The soluble form of it (sTREM-1) can be elevated in gastric juice by Helicobacter pylori ( H. pylori ) infection of gastric mucosa. The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic values of sTREM-1 and C-reactive protein (CRP) for detection of H. pylori infection in gastric mucosa. Methods: In this diagnostic accuracy study on cases who underwent endoscopy from March 2015 to July 2016 in Shahid Beheshti Hospital, Kashan, Iran, gastric juice sTREM-1 and CRP concentrations were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) and their diagnostic values were compared to detect H...
December 2017: Electronic Physician
Matteo Chiappedi, Martina Mensi, Eliana Antonaci, Elena Zavani, Livio Tronconi, Cristiano Termine, Umberto Balottin
There are few literature evidences about the intellectual profile of adolescents with headache and no study has used the fourth edition of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-IV) in patients with a diagnosis of headache according to the ICHD-III-beta. We recruited 30 patients (age 11-14 years; male:female = 1:2) seen for headache in a tertiary center in Northern Italy and 30 healthy controls matched for age and sex, recruited in a public school from the same geographic area. The diagnosis of headache was done according to the ICHD-III criteria (beta version): the case group was composed of 16 patients with migraine and 14 with tension-type headache...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
A O Jenkins, E Gormley, N Gcebe, G T Fosgate, A Conan, C Aagaard, A L Michel, V P M G Rutten
Accurate diagnosis of tuberculosis in cattle may be compromised in areas where there are high rates of exposure to environmental/non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM). This cross reaction of immune responses to Mycobacterium bovis antigens shared with NTMs can result in reduced specificity of commonly used diagnostic tests including tuberculin skin tests and the interferon gamma assay (IFN-ɣ). In this study we assessed the cross-reactive immune responses of M. bovis (infected) and NTM exposed animals to M. bovis and M...
April 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
Andrzej N Majda, Aleksandra Majdan, Paweł Piłat, Paweł Cisek
Gout tophi around auricular area are common in old men. The differential diagnosis of papules or nodules on the ear includes tophaceous gout, rheumatoid nodules, basal or squamous cell cancer, melanoma, verruca vulgaris or actinic keratosis. The presence of the skin cancer, most commonly located on the head and neck, is often related to the long exposure of the skin to sunlight. Elderly patients are the predominant group of patients with skin malignancies. The aim of this study is to emphasize the importance of early cancer detection in elderly people and use of appropriate therapeutic options that take into account the special requirements of geriatric patients...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Takashi Nagai, Taku Naiki, Keitaro Iida, Toshiki Etani, Ryosuke Ando, Shuzo Hamamoto, Yosuke Sugiyama, Hidetoshi Akita, Hiroki Kubota, Yoshihiro Hashimoto, Noriyasu Kawai, Takahiro Yasui
Background: Development of novel agents targeting the androgen axis has led to improved overall survival in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). This study aimed to investigate the optimal timing of treatment with one such agent, abiraterone acetate (AA), in Japanese patients. Materials and methods: Between July 2014 and February 2016, 106 CRPC patients were administered AA in Nagoya City University Hospital, Nagoya, Japan and in four affiliated hospitals following failure of primary combined androgen blockade (CAB)...
March 2018: Prostate International
Joshua J Todd, Muslima S Razaqyar, Jessica W Witherspoon, Tokunbor A Lawal, Ami Mankodi, Irene C Chrismer, Carolyn Allen, Mary D Meyer, Anna Kuo, Monique S Shelton, Kim Amburgey, Dmitriy Niyazov, Pierre Fequiere, Carsten G Bönnemann, James J Dowling, Katherine G Meilleur
The ryanodine receptor 1-related congenital myopathies ( RYR1 -RM) comprise a spectrum of slow, rare neuromuscular diseases. Affected individuals present with a mild-to-severe symptomatology ranging from proximal muscle weakness, hypotonia and joint contractures to scoliosis, ophthalmoplegia, and respiratory involvement. Although there is currently no FDA-approved treatment for RYR1- RM, our group recently conducted the first clinical trial in this patient population (NCT02362425). This study aimed to characterize novel RYR1 variants with regard to genetic, laboratory, muscle magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and clinical findings...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
Wei Jiang, Xiaojing He, Huiying Fang, Xue Zhou, Haitao Ran, Dajing Guo
The early diagnosis of prostate cancer (PCa) is particularly important for reducing its high mortality rate. With the development of molecular magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), early diagnosis via non-invasive imaging has become possible. In this study, gadopentetic acid (GA)-doped silica (Gd@SiO2 ) was first synthesized by a reverse microemulsion method, and amino and carboxyl groups were then successively introduced onto the surface of Gd@SiO2 . After these steps, a monoclonal antibody (YPSMA-1) to prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) was conjugated with carboxyl-modified Gd@SiO2 (Gd@SiO2 -COOH) nanoparticles (NPs) by the carbodiimide method...
March 16, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Yao Xu, Jing Ye, Menglong Wang, Yuan Wang, Qingwei Ji, Ying Huang, Tao Zeng, Zhen Wang, Di Ye, Huimin Jiang, Jianfang Liu, Yingzhong Lin, Jun Wan
BACKGROUND: Interleukin (IL) 11 is closely related to tumor and hematological system diseases. Recent studies have demonstrated that IL-11 also participates in cardiovascular diseases, including ischemia-reperfusion mediated heart injury and acute myocardial infarction. This study aimed to investigate whether IL-11 is involved in acute thoracic aortic dissection (TAD). METHODS: Aortic tissue samples from normal donors and acute TAD patients were collected, and the expression of IL-11 in all aortic tissue was analyzed...
March 16, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
Alfonso Molina, Drew J Winston, Darren Pan, Gary J Schiller
Nocardial infections have been rare after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). We report 10 recent cases of late-onset nocardiosis (median time of onset of 508 days after transplantation) primarily in patients on high doses of corticosteroids for graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). All 10 patients had pulmonary infection caused by Nocardia species susceptible to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX). At time of diagnosis, 8 of 10 patients were not receiving TMP-SMX for prophylaxis of Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PJP) (7 on atovaquone, 1 on intravenous pentamidine)...
March 16, 2018: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Michael R Pranzatelli, Tyler J Allison, Elizabeth D Tate
INTRODUCTION: Flow cytometric cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) lymphocyte subset analysis has improved the diagnosis of neuroinflammation and identified multiple markers of inflammation in opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome (OMS). The aim of this exploratory, retrospective study was to analyze the effect of immunotherapy on these markers to determine which agents are disease modifying. METHODS: Cross-sectional immunological observations were made in an IRB-approved case-control study, and patients were treated empirically...
March 5, 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
J Díez-Manglano, M J Arnal-Longares, P Al-Cheikh-Felices, V Garcés-Horna, P Pueyo-Tejedor, P Martínez-Rodés, F Díez-Massó, S Rubio-Félix, E Del Corral-Beamonte, C Palazón-Fraile
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between the Norton scale score (which assesses the risk of pressure ulcers) and mortality in the short, medium and long term in patients hospitalised in Internal Medicine departments. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective, single-centre cohort study was conducted on patients hospitalised in the months of October 2010 and January, May and October 2011. Data was collected on age, sex, Barthel index, Norton scale, presence of pressure ulcers, major diagnostic category, hospital stay and weight of the diagnosis-related group...
March 16, 2018: Revista Clínica Española
Yi-Teng Tseng, Cher-Wei Liang, Jau-Yu Liau, Koping Chang, Yu-Hsian Tseng, Jau-Shiuh Chen, Yi-Hua Liao
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal melanonychia (LM) may occur as a result of nail apparatus melanoma. Knowledge of etiology plays an important role in the management of LM. OBJECTIVES: The study is aimed to compare the diagnosis of LM in different age groups. METHODS: We collected 63 cases (45 adults and 18 children) with LM who underwent nail matrix biopsy or excision in a 21-year cohort and assessed their clinicopathological features. RESULTS: Melanomas in adults and children were 40% and none, while nevi accounted for 15...
March 19, 2018: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
İsmail Akaltun, Tayfun Kara, Soner Sertan Kara, Hamza Ayaydın
Toxoplasma gondii infection may be associated with psychiatric disorders due to its neurological effects. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relation between tic disorders in children and adolescents and Anti-Toxoplasma IgG. 43 children diagnosed with Tourette's syndrome(TS) and 87 with chronic motor or vocal tic disorder(CMVTD), and 130 healthy volunteers, all aged 7-18, were enrolled. Anti-Toxoplasma IgG antibody levels obtained from blood specimens were investigated. Toxoplasma IgG positivity was determined in 16(37...
March 8, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Alexander Karl-Georg Schuster, Markus Wettstein, Andreas Gerhardt, Wolfgang Eich, Christiane Bieber, Jonas Tesarz
Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine visual function and eye symptoms in fibromyalgia patients, with a particular focus on dry eye syndrome and eye pain. Methods: A tertiary care center-based cross-sectional study was carried out in chronic musculoskeletal pain patients diagnosed with fibromyalgia. Chronic musculoskeletal pain patients without fibromyalgia were enrolled as a comparison group. Self-reported eye pain was investigated with the McGill pain questionnaire and the numeric rating scale...
March 15, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Li Xie, Liqin Chen, Pan Gu, Lanlan Wei, Xuejun Kang
The extraction and analysis of catecholamine neurotransmitters in biological fluids is of great importance in assessing nervous system function and related diseases, but their precise measurement is still a challenge. Many protocols have been described for neurotransmitter measurement by a variety of instruments, including high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC). However, there are shortcomings, such as complicated operation or hard-to-detect multiple targets, which cannot be avoided, and presently, the dominant analysis technique is still HPLC coupled with sensitive electrochemical or fluorimetric detection, due to its high sensitivity and good selectivity...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
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