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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334079/first-heating-measurements-of-endovascular-stents-in-magnetic-particle-imaging
#1
Franz Wegner, Thomas Friedrich, Nikolaos Panagiotopoulos, Sarah Vaalma, Jan Peter Goltz, Florian M Vogt, Martin A Koch, Thorsten M Buzug, Joerg Barkhausen, Julian Haegele
Magnetic Particle Imaging (MPI) is a three-dimensional imaging method which visualizes the spatial distribution of Superparamagnetic Iron Oxide Nanoparticles (SPIOs) with oscillating and static magnetic fields. It is a quantitative method as the intensity of its signal is proportional to the concentration of the SPIOs. Due to its quantitativeness, high temporal resolution and kidney-safe tracers it is proposed to be a very promising noninvasive method for cardiovascular imaging. In this regard MPI in the presence of endovascular stents and assessment of stent patency with MPI has to be evaluated...
January 15, 2018: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332745/a-critical-overview-of-the-current-myofascial-pain-literature-january-2018
#2
REVIEW
Jan Dommerholt, Todd Hooks, Li-Wei Chou, Michelle Finnegan
The majority of papers included in the quarterly review discuss various aspects of dry needling (DN), which continues to be of interest to researchers and clinicians. A study by Liu et al. is the first paper to examine the effects of DN of acetylcholine, esterase and receptors. The study provides support for the integrated trigger point hypothesis and for DN. A paper by Hightower and colleagues found an intriguing link between low magnesium levels in the drink water supply, vitamin D, and myofascial pain, cancer, tendon ruptures, and colon polyps...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332504/changes-in-distress-measured-by-the-distress-thermometer-as-reported-by-patients-in-home-palliative-care-in-germany
#3
Stefanie Ohnhäuser, Johannes Wüller, Ann Christina Foldenauer, Tania Pastrana
AIM: To identify changes in distress as reported by patients in a home palliative care program over a 2-week period. METHODS: Prospective study in West Germany with consecutive patients cared for at home by a palliative care specialty team. Exclusion criteria were patients under 18 years of age, mentally or physically not able to complete the assessment questionnaires, or unable to comprehend German language. Distress was measured using the distress thermometer (DT); sociodemographic and medical data were collected from the patients' records...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331949/bibliometric-analysis-of-military-trauma-publications-2000-2016
#4
Mark L Vickers, C P Coorey, G J Milinovich, L Eriksson, M Assoum, M C Reade
INTRODUCTION: Bibliometric tools can be used to identify the authors, topics and research institutions that have made the greatest impact in a field of medicine. The aim of this research was to analyse military trauma publications over the last 16 years of armed conflict in order to highlight the most important lessons that have translated into civilian practice and military doctrine as well as identify emerging areas of importance. METHODS: A systematic search of research published between January 2000 and December 2016 was conducted using the Thompson Reuters Web of Science database...
January 13, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331894/pharmaceutical-concentration-variability-at-sewage-treatment-plant-outlets-dominated-by-hydrology-and-other-factors
#5
Andrea F Brunsch, Thomas L Ter Laak, Huub Rijnaarts, Ekkehard Christoffels
A study was conducted in which the effluent at four small to medium sized sewage treatment plants (STP) in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany was monitored for three pharmaceutical compounds (carbamazepine, diclofenac, metoprolol) over a period of four years. Grab sampling and auto sampling campaigns were accomplished with respect to various weather conditions in the catchment area. Flow volumes and hydraulic retention times (HRT) from various sampling dates which provide information on processes causing emission changes were additionally taken into account...
January 11, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331841/culture-beats-gender-the-importance-of-controlling-for-identity-and-parenting-related-risk-factors-in-adolescent-psychopathology
#6
Inge Seiffge-Krenke, Malte Persike, Elias Besevegis, Cecilia Chau, Neslihan Güney Karaman, Lyda Lannegrand-Willems, Katharzyna Lubiewska, Iffat Rohail
This study analyzed the unique effects of gender and culture on psychopathology in adolescents from seven countries after controlling for factors which might have contributed to variations in psychopathology. In a sample 2259 adolescents (M = 15 years; 54% female) from France, Germany, Turkey, Greece, Peru, Pakistan, and Poland identity stress, coping with identity stress, maternal parenting (support, psychological control, anxious rearing) and psychopathology (internalizing, externalizing and total symptomatology) were assessed...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331602/a-cross-continental-analysis-of-weight-gain-psychiatric-diagnoses-and-medication-use-during-inpatient-psychiatric-treatment-the-international-study-on-physical-illness-in-mentally-ill
#7
Christina Engelke, Christian Lange-Asschenfeldt, Stephanie Peter, Kai G Kahl, Karel Frasch, Jens I Larsen, Graziella G Bickel, Bernhard Bork, Bent A Jacobsen, Signe O Wallenstein-Jensen, Christoph Lauber, Birthe Mogensen, Jørgen A Nielsen, Wulf Rössler, Kenji J Tsuchiya, Kristian L Toftegaard, Ulla A Andersen, Richard Uwakwe, Povl Munk-Jørgensen, Joachim Cordes
Weight gain among psychiatric inpatients is a widespread phenomenon. This change in body mass index (BMI) can be caused by several factors. Based on recent research, we assume the following factors are related to weight gain during psychiatric inpatient treatment: psychiatric medication, psychiatric diagnosis, sex, age, weight on admission and geographic region of treatment. 876 of originally recruited 2328 patients met the criteria for our analysis. Patients were recruited and examined in mental health care centres in Nigeria (N = 265), Japan (N = 145) and Western-Europe (Denmark, Germany and Switzerland; N = 466)...
December 22, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331601/predictors-of-length-of-stay-in-psychiatric-inpatient-units-does-their-effect-vary-across-countries
#8
Giorgia Dimitri, Domenico Giacco, Michael Bauer, Victoria Jane Bird, Lauren Greenberg, Antonio Lasalvia, Vincent Lorant, Jacek Moskalewicz, Pablo Nicaise, Andrea Pfennig, Mirella Ruggeri, Marta Welbel, Stefan Priebe
BACKGROUND: Previous studies in individual countries have identified inconsistent predictors of length of stay (LoS) in psychiatric inpatient units. This may reflect methodological inconsistencies across studies or true differences of predictors. In this study we assessed predictors of LoS in five European countries and explored whether their effect varies across countries. METHODS: Prospective cohort study. All patients admitted over 14 months to 57 psychiatric inpatient units in Belgium, Germany, Italy, Poland and United Kingdom were screened...
December 7, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331281/-do-online-ratings-reflect-structural-differences-in-healthcare-the-example-of-german-physician-rating-websites
#9
Nina Meszmer, Lena Jaegers, Oliver Schöffski, Martin Emmert
BACKGROUND: Previous surveys have shown that patient satisfaction varies with the regional supply of physicians. Online ratings on physician-rating websites represent a relatively new instrument to display patient satisfaction results. The aim of this study was (1) to assess the current state of online ratings for two medical disciplines (dermatologists and ear, nose and throat (ENT) specialists), and (2) to analyze online derived patient satisfaction results according to the physician density in Germany...
January 10, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331280/-jurisdictions-on-the-reimbursement-of-new-medical-technologies-by-public-health-insurance-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Patricia Ex, Susanne Felgner, Cornelia Henschke
BACKGROUND: In Germany reimbursement for new medical technologies is often enforced before a social court. It is likely that these judicial decisions also affect the sickness funds' decisions on requests for reimbursement and thus patient access to new technologies in general. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify the technologies that have repeatedly generated court actions and whether these actions have been successful. The focus was on differences between sectors, technology groups and indications...
January 10, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330581/-liposuction
#11
D Schlarb
Liposuction began in the 1920s when the Parisian surgeon Charles Dujarier became interested in body shaping and fat removal. Today, it is estimated that 1,453,000 liposuctions are annually performed worldwide. In Germany, 45,000 liposuctions are performed annually. The majority of liposuctions are performed as self-pay services. The aim of this article is to outline the development of liposuction, to explain the various liposuction procedures and methods, to clarify the indications for treatment, and point out the complications and pitfalls described in the literature...
January 12, 2018: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330092/a-novel-double-antigen-sandwich-elisa-for-the-species-independent-detection-of-crimean-congo-hemorrhagic-fever-virus-specific-antibodies
#12
Miriam A Sas, Loic Comtet, Fabien Donnet, Marc Mertens, Zati Vatansever, Noel Tordo, Philippe Pourquier, Martin H Groschup
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a tick-borne disease in humans caused by the CCHF virus (CCHFV). The detection of anti-CCHFV antibodies in animals is used to reveal infection risk areas. Therefore a simple, quick and reliable multispecies assay for the detection of CCHFV-specific antibodies is needed. This work presents the development and validation of a novel CCHF double-antigen ELISA for the detection of anti-CCHFV nucleoprotein antibodies. The test requires 30 μl of serum, and results are obtained within 90 min...
January 9, 2018: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330038/asthmatic-wheezing-phenotypes-in-preschool-children-influential-factors-health-care-and-urban-rural-differences
#13
Susanne Kutzora, Alisa Weber, Stefanie Heinze, Lana Hendrowarsito, Uta Nennstiel-Ratzel, Erika von Mutius, Nina Fuchs, Caroline Herr
BACKGROUND: Different wheezing and asthmatic phenotypes turned out to indicate differences in etiology, risk factors and health care. We examined influential factors and urban-rural differences for different phenotypes. METHODS: Parents of 4732 children filled out a questionnaire concerning children's health and environmental factors administered within the Health Monitoring Units (GME) in a cross-sectional study in Bavaria, Germany (2014/2015). To classify respiratory symptoms, five phenotype groups were built: episodic, unremitting and frequent wheeze, ISAAC (International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Children) - asthma and physician-diagnosed asthma (neither of the groups are mutually exclusive)...
December 24, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329891/medical-use-of-cannabis-and-cannabinoids-containing-products-regulations-in-europe-and-north-america
#14
REVIEW
Ran Abuhasira, Liat Shbiro, Yuval Landschaft
In 1937, the United States of America criminalized the use of cannabis and as a result its use decreased rapidly. In recent decades, there is a growing interest in the wide range of medical uses of cannabis and its constituents; however, the laws and regulations are substantially different between countries. Laws differentiate between raw herbal cannabis, cannabis extracts, and cannabinoid-based medicines. Both the European Medicines Agency (EMA) and the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) do not approve the use of herbal cannabis or its extracts...
January 10, 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329676/will-the-following-do-a-mixed-linear-model-controlling-for-case-underascertainment-across-multiple-cancer-registries-estimated-time-trends-in-survival
#15
Stefan Dahm, Joachim Bertz, Benjamin Barnes, Klaus Kraywinkel
OBJECTIVES: Large temporal and geographical variation in survival rates estimated from epidemiological cancer registries coupled with heterogeneity in death certificate only (DCO) notifications makes it difficult to interpret trends in survival. The aim of our study is to introduce a method for estimating such trends while accounting for heterogeneity in DCO notifications in a cancer site-specific manner. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We used the data of 4.0 million cancer cases notified in 14 German epidemiological cancer registries...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329578/guideline-based-quality-indicators-a-systematic-comparison-of-german-and-international-clinical-practice-guidelines-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#16
Monika Becker, Jessica Breuing, Monika Nothacker, Stefanie Deckert, Mirco Steudtner, Jochen Schmitt, Edmund Neugebauer, Dawid Pieper
BACKGROUND: Quality indicators (QIs) are used in assessing the quality of healthcare. Evidence-based clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) are relevant sources for generating QIs. In this context, QIs are important tools to assess the implementation of guideline recommendations. However, the methodological approaches to guideline-based QI development vary considerably. In Germany, the guideline classification scheme of the AWMF (German Association of the Scientific Medical Societies) differentiates between S1-, S2k-, S2e-, and S3-CPGs depending on the methodological approach...
January 12, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329470/-the-epidemiology-of-pressure-ulcer-in-germany-systematic-review
#17
Tsenka Tomova-Simitchieva, Merve Akdeniz, Ulrike Blume-Peytavi, Nils Lahmann, Jan Kottner
BACKROUND: Pressure ulcers are considered as indicators of the quality of care. The aim of this study was to provide a systematic review of the incidence and prevalence of pressure ulcers in Germany between 2010 and 2015. METHODS: The databases PubMed, CINAHL, DIMDI, Web of Science, LIVIVO, Google, Google Scholar, as well as the publishers Springer and the Thieme were searched until the end of February 2016. The extracted data were monitored by two reviewers. A risk of bias assessment was conducted...
January 12, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329349/natural-wind-variability-triggered-drop-in-german-redispatch-volume-and-costs-from-2015-to-2016
#18
Jan Wohland, Mark Reyers, Carolin Märker, Dirk Witthaut
Avoiding dangerous climate change necessitates the decarbonization of electricity systems within the next few decades. In Germany, this decarbonization is based on an increased exploitation of variable renewable electricity sources such as wind and solar power. While system security has remained constantly high, the integration of renewables causes additional costs. In 2015, the costs of grid management saw an all time high of about € 1 billion. Despite the addition of renewable capacity, these costs dropped substantially in 2016...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329255/peri-implant-behavior-of-sloped-shoulder-dental-implants-used-for-all-on-four-protocols-an-histomorphometric-analysis-in-dogs
#19
Jose Luis Calvo Guirado, Aldo Fabian Lucero-Sánchez, Ana Boquete Castro, Marcus Abboud, Sergio Gehrke, Manuel Fernández Dominguez, Rafael Arcesio Delgado Ruiz
The aim of this study was to evaluate the soft tissue thickness and marginal bone loss around dental implants with sloped micro-threaded shoulder (35° angle) in comparing with conventional design, inserted 35° degrees angulated in post extraction sockets and immediate loaded with temporary prosthesis simulating the all-on-four protocol. Materials and Methods: Six fox hound dogs received forty-eight post extraction dental implants with the same diameter and length (Medentika, Germany), but with different neck configurations...
January 12, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329214/analysis-of-emission-effects-related-to-drivers-compliance-rates-for-cooperative-vehicle-infrastructure-system-at-signalized-intersections
#20
Ruohua Liao, Xumei Chen, Lei Yu, Xiaofei Sun
Unknown remaining time of signal phase at a signalized intersection generally results in extra accelerations and decelerations that increase variations of operating conditions and thus emissions. A cooperative vehicle-infrastructure system can reduce unnecessary speed changes by establishing communications between vehicles and the signal infrastructure. However, the environmental benefits largely depend on drivers' compliance behaviors. To quantify the effects of drivers' compliance rates on emissions, this study applied VISSIM 5...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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