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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742458/morphological-and-genetic-analyses-of-the-invasive-forest-pathogen-phytophthora-austrocedri-reveal-two-clonal-lineages-colonised-britain-and-argentina-from-a-common-ancestral-population
#1
Béatrice Henricot, Ana Pérez-Sierra, April Armstrong, Paul Sharp, Sarah Green
Phytophthora austrocedri is causing widespread mortality of Austrocedrus chilensis in Argentina and Juniperus communis in Britain. The pathogen has also been isolated from J. horizontalis in Germany. Isolates from Britain, Argentina and Germany are homothallic with no clear differences in the dimensions of sporangia, oogonia or oospores. Argentinian and German isolates grew faster than British isolates across a range of media and had a higher temperature tolerance although most isolates regardless of origin grew best at 15°C and all isolates were killed at 25°C...
July 25, 2017: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742243/data-privacy-management-and-data-quality-monitoring-in-the-german-centre-for-cardiovascular-research-s-multicentre-translational-registry-for-cardiomyopathies-dzhk-torch
#2
Thea Schwaneberg, Kerstin Weitmann, Andreas Dösch, Claudia Seyler, Thomas Bahls, Lars Geidel, Dana Stahl, Mahsa Lee, Monika Kraus, Hugo A Katus, Wolfgang Hoffmann
AIMS: The multicentric TranslatiOnal Registry for CardiomyopatHies (TORCH) of the German Centre for Cardiovascular Research aims to recruit 2300 patients with non-ischemic cardiomyopthies. METHODS AND RESULTS: The investigations were performed after standard operating procedures. The data are collected in standardized electronic case report forms provided by the data holding of the central data management of the German Centre for Cardiovascular Research using secuTrial (interActive Systems GmbH, Berlin, Germany)...
July 18, 2017: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741735/argon-plasma-coagulation-for-successful-fragmentation-and-removal-of-an-over-the-scope-clip-otsc
#3
Samir Kapadia, Satish Nagula, Nikhil A Kumta
The over-the-scope-clip (OTSC) (Ovesco Endoscopy, Tübingen, Germany) is a revolutionary endoscopic tool for management of fistulas, perforations, and leaks [1]. Removal of an OTSC is rare and oftentimes challenging. We describe a simple and reproducible technique utilizing argon plasma coagulation (APC) to fracture the OTSC hinge to facilitate extraction. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
July 25, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741190/-data-on-the-sexual-health-of-providers-and-clients-of-sexual-services-for-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-germany
#4
Sarah Kramer, Axel J Schmidt, Ulrich Marcus
Little is known about the sexual health of male providers and clients of transactional sex. The data of participants of the European MSM Internet Survey (EMIS-DE; N = 50,086) who live in Germany were analysed. The outcomes were testing for and diagnoses of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), partner numbers, illicit drug use, and sexual happiness in two populations: (1) men who offered and (2) men who paid for transactional sex in the past 12 months.In the age group of under 30 years (n = 19,138), providers of sexual services (escorts) were compared with non-providers; in the age group of 30 years and above (n = 30,948), we compared men who paid for sexual services with those who did not...
July 24, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741189/-sexting-as-a%C3%A2-risk-on-consensual-and-non-consensual-distribution-of-personal-erotic-pictures-using-digital-media
#5
REVIEW
Arne Dekker, Thula Koops
BACKGROUND: Digital media are used for the purpose of various sexual experiences. In recent years the exchange of erotic text messages or images ("sexting") has gained the attention of academic research and has increasingly been the center of public discussion on sexual boundary violations and violence via digital media. The unwanted forwarding of images to a third party is especially relevant in this respect. In contrast to media reports about sexting as a risk behavior with serious consequences, there is little empirical analysis about the actual sexting practice of adolescents and adults in Germany...
July 24, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741188/-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-germany-the-current-epidemiological-situation
#6
Viviane Bremer, Sandra Dudareva-Vizule, Susanne Buder, Matthias An der Heiden, Klaus Jansen
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can impair sexual health. Surveillance and study data were used to provide an overview over STIs in Germany. We estimated 3900 new HIV diagnoses in 2015. Of newly diagnosed infections, 57% were attributed to men who have sex with men (MSM). It was further estimated that there were 3200 new HIV infections and 84,700 people living with HIV in 2015. A total of 6834 syphilis infections were recorded in 2015, which corresponds to an increase of 149% since 2009. The incidence in men was 16-times higher than in women...
July 24, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741187/-sexuality-education-on-the-internet-from-dr-sommer-to-dr-google
#7
REVIEW
Nicola Döring
Female and male adolescents in Germany are increasingly using the Internet to find information about sexuality and sexual health. This review paper summarizes what we know about the status quo of online sexuality education in Germany.Based on a systematic literature review including 40 papers from international, peer-reviewed journals spanning 2010-2017, this paper first describes different aspects of the sexuality-related online search behavior of adolescents: its prevalence, predictors, topics and contexts...
July 24, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741164/-developments-and-inventions-from-germany-influence-on-international-ophthalmology
#8
REVIEW
M Müller, I Pavlovic, I Schmack, C Ohrloff, T Kohnen
There are various developments and inventions from Germany that have influenced not only the domestic but also the international field of ophthalmology. Beginning with the invention of the ophthalmoscope by Hermann von Helmholtz in 1850, to the establishment of the "Archives of Ophthalmology" medical journal, a publication founded by Albrecht von Graefe in 1854, through to the development of the retinal chip by Eberhart Zrenner and colleagues with the first clinical data collected in 2007. The abovenamed and further developments and the German ophthalmologists behind these inventions are discussed in more detail...
July 24, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741162/-scanning-electron-microscopic-investigations-of-cutting-edge-quality-in-lamellar-keratotomy-using-the-wavelight-femtosecond-laser-fs-200-what-influence-do-spot-distance-and-an-additional-tunnel-have
#9
T Hammer, T Höche, J Heichel
BACKGROUND: Femtosecond lasers (fs-lasers) are established cutting instruments for the creation of LASIK flaps. Previous studies often showed even rougher surfaces after application of fs-laser systems compared to lamellar keratotomy with mechanical microkeratomes. When cutting the cornea with fs-lasers, an intrastromal gas development occurs, which has a potentially negative influence on the cutting quality if the gas cannot be dissipated; therefore, manufacturers have chosen the way of gas assimilation in so-called pockets...
July 24, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741114/-fetal-autopsies-relic-or-still-a%C3%A2-gold-standard
#10
J Andruszkow, W Weichert, T Braunschweig, R Knüchel-Clarke, F Erlmeier
BACKGROUND: Fetal autopsy rates are decreasing in Western countries although post-mortem examinations render important information for the parents concerning the cause of abortion and risk of recurrence in future pregnancies. OBJECTIVE: The intention of the presented study was to analyze the development of fetal autopsies in Germany during the last decade and to review accessible information obtained by fetal autopsy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Reports of fetal autopsies conducted in two German university Institutes of pathology between 2005 and 2014 were evaluated retrospectively...
July 24, 2017: Der Pathologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740636/long-term-use-of-benzodiazepines-in-older-patients-in-germany-a-retrospective-analysis
#11
Louis Jacob, Michael A Rapp, Karel Kostev
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to analyze the prevalence of long-term benzodiazepine use in older adults treated in general and neuropsychiatric practices in Germany. METHODS: This study included 32,182 patients over the age of 65 years who received benzodiazepine prescriptions for the first time between January 2010 and December 2014 in general and neuropsychiatric practices in Germany. Follow up lasted until July 2016. The main outcome measure was the proportion of patients treated with benzodiazepines for >6 months...
July 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740617/supply-side-and-demand-side-policies-for-biosimilars-an-overview-in-10-european-member-states
#12
Cécile Rémuzat, Anna Kapuśniak, Aleksandra Caban, Dan Ionescu, Guerric Radière, Cyril Mendoza, Mondher Toumi
This study aimed to provide an overview of biosimilar policies in 10 EU MSs. Methods: Ten EU MS pharmaceutical markets (Belgium, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Spain, Sweden, and the UK) were selected. A comprehensive literature review was performed to identify supply-side and demand-side policies in place in the selected countries. Results: Supply-side policies for biosimilars commonly include price linkage, price re-evaluation, and tendering; the use of internal or external reference pricing varies between countries; health technology assessment is conducted in six countries...
2017: Journal of Market Access & Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740440/haphop-physio-a-computer-game-to-support-cognitive-therapies-in-children
#13
Carolina Rico-Olarte, Diego M López, Santiago Narváez, Charic D Farinango, Peter S Pharow
BACKGROUND: Care and support of children with physical or mental disabilities are accompanied with serious concerns for parents, families, healthcare institutions, schools, and their communities. Recent studies and technological innovations have demonstrated the feasibility of providing therapy and rehabilitation services to children supported by computer games. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to present HapHop-Physio, an innovative computer game that combines exercise with fun and learning, developed to support cognitive therapies in children...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740434/a-global-quantitative-survey-of-hemostatic-assessment-in-postpartum-hemorrhage-and-experience-with-associated-bleeding-disorders
#14
Andra H James, David L Cooper, Michael J Paidas
PURPOSE: Coagulopathy may be a serious complicating or contributing factor to postpartum hemorrhage (PPH), and should be promptly recognized to ensure proper bleeding management. This study aims to evaluate the approaches of obstetrician-gynecologists worldwide towards assessing massive PPH caused by underlying bleeding disorders. METHODS: A quantitative survey was completed by 302 obstetrician-gynecologists from 6 countries (the UK, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and Japan)...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739489/colonoscopy-and-sigmoidoscopy-use-among-older-adults-in-different-countries-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Chen Chen, Eileen Läcke, Christian Stock, Michael Hoffmeister, Hermann Brenner
Screening for colorectal cancer (CRC) by colonoscopy and sigmoidoscopy has been demonstrated to be effective in reducing CRC incidence and mortality, and they are increasingly employed as screening tests and for diagnostic purposes in many countries. We conducted a systematic review to provide up-to-date estimates on the utilization of lower gastrointestinal endoscopy (colonoscopy and sigmoidoscopy) in the general average-risk population in different countries. PubMed and Web of Science were searched for relevant articles published between 1 September 2008 and 31 October 2016...
July 21, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739331/associations-of-sex-hormones-and-anthropometry-with-the-speaking-voice-profile-in-the-adult-general-population
#16
Lasse Jost, Michael Fuchs, Markus Loeffler, Joachim Thiery, Juergen Kratzsch, Thomas Berger, Christoph Engel
OBJECTIVE: There is evidence that sexual hormone concentrations and anthropometric factors influence the human voice. The goal of this study was to investigate to what extent body mass index (BMI), body height, body weight, breast-to-abdomen-ratio, testosterone, estradiol, dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate (DHEA-S), follicle-stimulating hormone, and luteinizing hormone are associated with the sound pressure level and the fundamental frequency of the speaking voice in a cross-sectional approach among adults in the general population...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739302/comparison-of-the-analytical-and-clinical-performance-of-five-tests-for-the-detection-of-human-papillomavirus-genital-infection
#17
M Del Pino, I Alonso, A Trujillo, S Bernal, D Geraets, N Guimerà, A Torne, J Ordi
HPV-based screening provides greater protection against cervical cancer (CC) than cytology-based strategies. Currently, several molecular diagnostic assays for the detection of human papillomavirus (HPV) are available. In this study, we analyzed 5 different HPV testing and genotyping techniques (Hybrid Capture 2 [HC2; Qiagen, Hilden, Germany], AnyplexTMII HPV28 [Anyplex; Seegene, Seoul, Korea], Linear Array [Roche, Branchburg, NJ, USA], GP5+/6+ PCR-EIA-RH [Labo Bio-medical Products, Rijswijk, The Netherlands] and CLART2 [Genomica, Madrid, Spain]) in 295 women referred to the hospital Colposcopy Clinic from 2007 to 2008 due to positive HPV test results or an abnormal Pap test...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Virological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739013/influence-of-access-cavity-design-on-root-canal-detection-instrumentation-efficacy-and-fracture-resistance-assessed-in-maxillary-molars
#18
Gabriela Rover, Felipe Gonçalves Belladonna, Eduardo Antunes Bortoluzzi, Gustavo De-Deus, Emmanuel João Nogueira Leal Silva, Cleonice Silveira Teixeira
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to assess the influence of contracted endodontic cavities (CECs) on root canal detection, instrumentation efficacy, and fracture resistance assessed in maxillary molars. Traditional endodontic cavities (TECs) were used as a reference for comparison. METHODS: Thirty extracted intact maxillary first molars were scanned with micro-computed tomographic imaging at a resolution of 21 μm, assigned to the CEC or TEC group (n = 15/group), and accessed accordingly...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738434/-perception-of-the-liver-allocation-system-by-different-stakeholders
#19
Christine Englschalk, Markus Guba
The German Transplant Law is the legal basis of the liver allocation system in Germany and is specified by the guidelines of the German Medical Association. These guidelines are based on current medical knowledge. The procedure of developing these guidelines was formalised and made transparent.This survey with 502 participants examines how four current aspects of the allocation system are perceived by different stakeholders (medical staff, patients on the liver transplant list or already transplanted, medical students and non-medical university personnel and students)...
July 24, 2017: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738341/unmet-care-needs-in-the-oldest-old-primary-care-patients-with-cognitive-disorders-results-of-the-agecode-and-agequalide-study
#20
Janine Stein, Alexander Pabst, Tobias Luck, Dagmar Lühmann, Kathrin Heser, Frank Jessen, Horst Bickel, Edelgard Mösch, Michael Pentzek, Angela Fuchs, Birgitt Wiese, Silke Mamone, Hans-Helmut König, Christian Brettschneider, Jochen Werle, Martin Scherer, Wolfgang Maier, Siegfried Weyerer, Steffi G Riedel-Heller
BACKGROUND: In the future, an increase in health care needs in the elderly is expected. Reports on unmet care needs of the oldest old with cognitive disorders are pending. This study aims at exploring unmet needs in the oldest old primary care patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia. Furthermore, the association between sociodemographic and clinical factors and unmet needs ought to be analyzed. METHODS: Based on the study "Needs, Health Service Use, Costs and Health-Related Quality of Life in a Large Sample of Oldest-Old Primary Care Patients (85+)" (AgeQualiDe), 749 patients (unimpaired, MCI, and dementia) aged 85 years and older, their relatives (n = 421), and general practitioners (GPs) (n = 607) were assessed...
July 25, 2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
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