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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906121/one-health-training-and-research-activities-in-western-europe
#1
REVIEW
Reina Sikkema, Marion Koopmans
INTRODUCTION: The increase in emerging human infectious diseases that have a zoonotic origin and the increasing resistance of microorganisms to antimicrobial drugs have shown the need for collaborations between the human, animal and environmental health sectors. The One Health concept increasingly receives recognition from policy makers and researchers all over the world. This overview compiled research and education activities in the area of One Health in Western Europe (Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Iceland, Ireland, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Monaco, the Netherlands, Portugal, Scandinavia, Spain, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom (UK), with a focus on infectious diseases...
2016: Infection Ecology & Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906104/the-effects-of-computer-based-mindfulness-training-on-self-control-and-mindfulness-within-ambulatorily-assessed-network-systems-across-health-related-domains-in-a-healthy-student-population-smash-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Zarah Rowland, Mario Wenzel, Thomas Kubiak
BACKGROUND: Self-control is an important ability in everyday life, showing associations with health-related outcomes. The aim of the Self-control and Mindfulness within Ambulatorily assessed network Systems across Health-related domains (SMASH) study is twofold: first, the effectiveness of a computer-based mindfulness training will be evaluated in a randomized controlled trial. Second, the SMASH study implements a novel network approach in order to investigate complex temporal interdependencies of self-control networks across several domains...
December 1, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905968/monitoring-the-prevalence-of-thyroid-disorders-in-the-adult-population-of-northeast-germany
#3
Rehman Mehmood Khattak, Till Ittermann, Matthias Nauck, Harald Below, Henry Völzke
BACKGROUND: Only a few studies like ours have investigated the effect of long-term stable iodine supply on thyroid disorders in a historically iodine-deficient population, but not with a long follow-up time of 10 years. METHODS: Data were derived from two independent population-based cohorts of the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP-0 [1997-2001] and SHIP-TREND [2008-2012]) comprising 4308 and 4420 subjects, respectively. Diagnosed thyroid disorders were assessed...
November 8, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905951/expansion-or-compression-of-long-term-care-in-germany-between-2001-and-2009-a-small-area-decomposition-study-based-on-administrative-health-data
#4
Daniel Kreft, Gabriele Doblhammer
BACKGROUND: Studies state profound cross-country differences in healthy life years and its time trends, suggesting either the health scenario of expansion or compression of morbidity. A much-discussed question in public health research is whether the health scenarios are heterogeneous or homogeneous on the subnational level as well. Furthermore, the question arises whether the morbidity trends or the mortality trends are the decisive drivers of the care need-free life years (CFLY), the life years with care need (CLY), and, ultimately, the health scenarios...
July 13, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904273/efficacy-and-safety-of-cream-containing-climbazole-piroctone-olamine-for-facial-seborrheic-dermatitis-a-single-center-open-label-split-face-clinical-study
#5
Hae Jeong Youn, Soo Young Kim, Minji Park, Won Hee Jung, Yang Won Lee, Yong Beom Choe, Kyu Joong Ahn
BACKGROUND: Seborrheic dermatitis (SD) is a multifactorial disease; Malassezia species play an important role in its pathogenesis. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine whether a cream containing climbazole/piroctone olamine (C/P cream), antifungal agents with expected efficacy against Malassezia species, could improve SD symptoms. METHODS: We instructed 24 patients with mild-to-moderate SD to apply the C/P cream and emollient cream on the right and left sides of the face, respectively, every morning and evening for 4 weeks...
December 2016: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903838/european-military-mental-health-research-benefits-of-collaboration
#6
EDITORIAL
Hubertus Himmerich, G D Willmund, U Wesemann, N Jones, N T Fear
Despite joint participation in international military operations, few collaborative military mental health research projects have been undertaken by European countries. From a common perspective of military mental health researchers from Germany and the UK, the lack of shared research might be related not only to the use of different languages but also the different ways in which the two militaries provide mental health and medical support to operations and differences in military institutions. One area that is suitable for military health research collaboration within UK and German forces is mental health and well-being among military personnel...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903474/functional-assessment-and-evaluation-of-outcome-after-endovascular-therapy-with-coverage-of-the-left-subclavian-artery-in-case-of-blunt-thoracic-aortic-injury
#7
A Gombert, D Kotelis, U M Griepenkerl, G Fraedrich, J Klocker, B Glodny, M J Jacobs, A Greiner, J Grommes
OBJECTIVE: Patients suffering blunt thoracic aortic injury (BTAI) can be treated by use of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). In this setting, the coverage of the left subclavian artery (LSA) is frequently necessary. Nevertheless, the functionality of the upper left extremity after TEVAR had been rarely analyzed. Thus this study intends to underline the safety of TEVAR as well as to determine the functionality of the left arm after coverage of the LSA. METHODS: All patients suffering from BTAI treated by endovascular means in three centers (Aachen [Germany], Maastricht [Netherlands] and Innsbruck [Austria]) between 1996 and 2009 were retrospectively analyzed...
November 26, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903023/-adrenal-insufficiency
#8
Stephanie Burger-Stritt, Stefanie Hahner
Even under established replacement therapy, chronic adrenal insufficiency is associated with an impairment in daily life activities and a higher number of sick-days. In patients with individually adjusted glucocorticoid doses (avoiding over-replacement) the frequency of glucocorticoid side effects is low. Besides the standard treatment with conventional hydrocortisone, new formulas aiming at more adjusted physiological circadian cortisol profiles or improved individual dosing have been evaluated in recent clinical trials...
November 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903015/neurosurgical-resident-training-in-germany
#9
Martin N Stienen, Jens Gempt, Oliver P Gautschi, Andreas K Demetriades, David Netuka, Dominique E Kuhlen, Karl Schaller, Florian Ringel
Introduction Efficient neurosurgical training is of paramount importance to provide continuing high-quality medical care to patients. In this era of law-enforced working hour restrictions, however, maintaining high-quality training can be a challenge and requires some restructuring. We evaluated the current status of resident training in Germany. Methods An electronic survey was sent to European neurosurgical trainees between June 2014 and March 2015. The responses of German trainees were compared with those of trainees from other European countries...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903009/temperature-controlled-continuous-cold-flow-device-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-randomized-controlled-trial-study
#10
Alberto Ruffilli, Francesco Castagnini, Francesco Traina, Isabella Corneti, Domenico Fenga, Sandro Giannini, Cesare Faldini
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a widely accepted and successful procedure for end-stage arthritis. Nevertheless, fast-track may be compromised by many factors, such as pain, edema, and blood loss. Cryotherapy has been advocated as a safe and effective strategy to improve the postoperative results, acting on pain, edema, and blood loss. This study is a prospective randomized controlled study, involving 50 patients after primary TKA. A power analysis was performed preoperatively. Twenty-four patients were addressed to a postoperative treatment with a continuous cold flow device (Hilotherm, Hilotherm GmbH, Germany)...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902717/could-google-trends-be-used-to-predict-methamphetamine-related-crime-an-analysis-of-search-volume-data-in-switzerland-germany-and-austria
#11
Alex Gamma, Roman Schleifer, Wolfgang Weinmann, Anna Buadze, Michael Liebrenz
OBJECTIVE: To compare the time trends of Google search interest in methamphetamine and criminal offences related to this drug. METHODS: Google Trends data for the search term "meth" was compared to methamphetamine-related crime statistics (incl. use, possession, and dealing) in Switzerland, Germany, and Austria for the years 2004-2016. Google data was availably monthly. Crime data was available yearly, and monthly values were imputed. RESULTS: On the country level, internet search trends for "meth" roughly paralleled relevant criminal activity...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902440/synechococcus-diversity-along-a-trophic-gradient-in-the-osterseen-lake-district-bavaria
#12
Joachim Ruber, Franziska Bauer, Andrew Millard, Uta Raeder, Jürgen Geist, Katrin Zwirglmaier
Picocyanobacteria are important primary producers in freshwater, however there is still a knowledge gap regarding their diversity at the strain level. For this reason, the microbial diversity of four lakes with different trophic states was investigated by sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene using universal primers. The study was performed in selected lakes of the Osterseen Lake District, Germany, from 2012 to 2014 (Lake Schiffhuettensee: eutrophic; Lake Ostersee: meso-oligotrophic; Lake Groebensee: oligotrophic; Lake Lustsee: oligotrophic)...
November 1, 2016: Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902319/description-of-gramella-forsetii-sp-nov-a-marine-flavobacteriaceae-isolated-from-north-sea-water-and-emended-description-of-gramella-gaetbulicola-cho-et-al-2011
#13
Irina Panschin, Mareike Becher, Susanne Verbarg, Cathrin Spröer, Manfred Rohde, Marga Schüler, Rudolf I Amann, Jens Harder, Brian J Tindall, Richard L Hahnke
The strain KT0803T was isolated from coastal eutrophic surface waters of Helgoland Roads near the island of Helgoland, North Sea, Germany. The taxonomic position of the strain, previously known as 'Gramella forsetii' KT0803, was investigated by a polyphasic approach. The strain was Gram-stain negative, chemo-organotrophic, heterotrophic, strictly aerobic, oxidase and catalase positive, rod-shaped, motile by gliding and had orange-yellow carotenoid pigments, but was negative for flexirubin-type pigments. It grew optimally at 22-25 °C, pH 7...
November 28, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902313/streptomyces-caelicus-an-antibiotic-producing-species-of-the-genus-streptomyces-and-streptomyces-canchipurensis-li-et-al-2014-are-later-heterotypic-synonym-of-streptomyces-muensis-ningthoujam-et-al-2013
#14
Joachim Wink, Peter Schumann, Hans-Peter Klenk, Nestor Zaburannyi, Martin Westermann, Karin Martin, Stefanie P Glaeser, Peter Kämpfer, Ewelina Atasayar
"Streptomyces caelicus" DSM 40835T was first reported as the producer of the antibiotic griselimycin by some coworkers of Rhone Poulenc in 1971. The project on isolation of the antibiotic compound was stopped because of the bad solubility and selectivity of the compound towards Mycobacteria. At Sanofi-Aventis, Germany, the project was re-evaluated in 2007 and the gene cluster of griselimycin could be identified, characterized and was patented in 2013. At this time, "S. caelicus" was an invalid name. During the strain characterization work it was found, that S...
October 26, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901571/rare-donor-programs-in-switzerland-germany-and-austria
#15
Hein Hustinx, Sofia Lejon Crottet, Erwin A Scharberg, Christof Weinstock
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Immunohematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900479/evaluation-of-the-repeatability-of-a-swept-source-ocular-biometer-for-measuring-ocular-biometric-parameters
#16
Teresa Ferrer-Blasco, Alberto Domínguez-Vicent, José J Esteve-Taboada, Miguel A Aloy, Jose E Adsuara, Robert Montés-Micó
PURPOSE: The purpose was to evaluate the repeatability of a new swept-source optical biometer for measuring ocular biometric parameters. METHODS: Thirty subjects with healthy and phakic eyes were included in this study, and only one eye per participant was analysed. Each eye was measured five times with the IOLMaster 700 swept-source optical biometer (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Jena, Germany). Axial length (AL), anterior chamber depth (ACD), central corneal thickness (CCT), lens thickness (LT), white-to-white (WTW), and K1 and K2 keratometric readings were evaluated...
November 30, 2016: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900415/-management-of-anesthesia-in-endovascular-interventions
#17
T Rössel, R Paul, T Richter, S Ludwig, T Hofmockel, A R Heller, T Koch
Cardiovascular diseases are one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in Germany. In these patients, the high-risk profile necessitates an interdisciplinary and multimodal approach to treatment. Endovascular interventions and vascular surgery have become established as an important element of this strategy in the past; however, the different anatomical localizations of pathological vascular alterations make it necessary to use a wide spectrum of procedural options and methods; therefore, the requirements for management of anesthesia are variable and necessitate a differentiated approach...
November 29, 2016: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900264/a-genomic-study-on-distribution-of-human-leukocyte-antigen-hla-a-and-hla-b-alleles-in-lak-population-of-iran
#18
Farhad Shahsavar, Ali-Mohammad Varzi, Seyyed Amir Yasin Ahmadi
Anthropological studies based on the highly polymorphic gene, human leukocyte antigen (HLA), provide useful information for bone marrow donor registry, forensic medicine, disease association studies, as well as infertility treatment, designing peptide vaccines against tumors, and infectious or autoimmune diseases. The aim of this study was to determine HLA-A and HLA-B allele frequencies in 100 unrelated Lak/lᴂk/individuals from Lorestan province of Iran. Finally, we compared the results with that previously described in Iranian population...
March 2017: Genomics Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899794/the-impact-of-digital-technology-on-health-of-populations-affected-by-humanitarian-crises-recent-innovations-and-current-gaps
#19
Sandra Mesmar, Reem Talhouk, Chaza Akik, Patrick Olivier, Imad H Elhajj, Shady Elbassuoni, Sarah Armoush, Joumana Kalot, Madeline Balaam, Aline Germani, Hala Ghattas
Digital technology is increasingly used in humanitarian action and promises to improve the health and social well-being of populations affected by both acute and protracted crises. We set out to (1) review the current landscape of digital technologies used by humanitarian actors and affected populations, (2) examine their impact on health and well-being of affected populations, and (3) consider the opportunities for and challenges faced by users of these technologies. Through a systematic search of academic databases and reports, we identified 50 digital technologies used by humanitarian actors, and/or populations affected by crises...
November 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899128/european-real-world-trans-catheter-aortic-valve-implantation-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-european-national-registries
#20
REVIEW
G Krasopoulos, F Falconieri, U Benedetto, J Newton, R Sayeed, R Kharbanda, A Banning
OBJECTIVE: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has been adopted rapidly in Europe. TAVI national registries can augment understanding of technologies and represent real-world experience, providing further clinical insights. We undertook a meta-analysis of published European national TAVI registries to assess current results following TAVI in Europe. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched. The review focused on the comparison of the following TAVI strategies: transfemoral (TF) and transapical (TA) SAPIEN and CoreValve implantation...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
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