keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Lumbar spine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437825/-quality-of-life-and-functional-outcome-after-microsurgical-decompression-in-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-a-register-study
#1
Kourosh Zarghooni, Frank Beyer, Joanna Papadaki, Christoph Kolja Boese, Jan Siewe, Gereon Schiffer, Peer Eysel, Jan Bredow
Introduction Because of recent increases in life expectancy, lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) has become one of the most common degenerative changes in the spine. In patients not responding to conservative therapy, microsurgical decompression is the gold standard of operative treatment for degenerative LSS. The goal of the current study is to evaluate quality of life after microsurgical decompression for LSS, using data from the DWG Register (previously Spine Tango). Methods 36 patients were included in this single-center, prospective, observational study from January 2013 to June 2014...
April 24, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437356/scoliosis-is-a-risk-factor-for-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-in-adult-spinal-deformity
#2
Naobumi Hosogane, Kota Watanabe, Mitsuru Yagi, Shinjiro Kaneko, Yoshiaki Toyama, Morio Matsumoto
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective observational study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether scoliosis is a risk factor for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in elderly patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Sagittal spinal deformities are reported to cause GERD, but its association with spinal deformity in the coronal plane is not well studied. METHODS: We examined 190 patients with spinal disorders (mean age 70.6±8.6 y) who underwent standing whole-spine x-rays in the coronal and sagittal planes...
May 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437349/a-new-navigational-tool-for-pedicle-screw-placement-in-patients-with-severe-scoliosis-a-pilot-study-to-prove-feasibility-accuracy-and-identify-operative-challenges
#3
Michael Putzier, Patrick Strube, Riccardo Cecchinato, Claudio Lamartina, Eike K Hoff
STUDY DESIGN: Pilot study. OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate the feasibility and accuracy of a newly designed navigational spinal instrument guiding tool for patient-matched thoracic and lumbar pedicle screw placement in patients with severe scoliosis, and to identify intraoperative challenges that may be relevant. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Pedicle screw placement is challenging in severely rotated scoliotic spine with small diameters and asymmetrical shape of the pedicles and vertebrae...
May 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437347/effect-of-coronal-scoliotic-curvature-on-sagittal-spinal-shape-analysis-of-parameters-in-mature-adolescent-scoliosis-patients
#4
Jae-Young Hong, Keon-Woo Kim, Seung-Woo Suh, Si-Young Park, Jae-Hyuk Yang
STUDY DESIGN: A radiographic analysis with scoliosis patients. OBJECTIVES: To analyze correlations between sagittal spinal alignment and coronal scoliotic curvature. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Sagittal spinal alignment and scoliosis may have a significant relationship, and schematic analysis is needed. METHODS: The study group was comprised of 163 patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Subjects underwent anteroposterior and lateral radiographs of the whole spine including hip joints...
May 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437346/correlations-between-sagittal-spinal-balance-and-quality-of-life-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#5
Hong Seok Lee, Jung Sub Lee, Jong Ki Shin, Tae Sik Goh
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. OBJECTIVE: To identify relationships between spinopelvic parameters and health-related quality of life in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Little data are available on relationships between sagittal spinopelvic parameters and health-related quality of life in RA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study and control groups comprised 120 RA patients and 60 controls. All subjects underwent anteroposterior and lateral radiography of the whole spine, including hip joints, and all completed clinical questionnaires...
May 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437345/accuracy-of-iliac-screws-insertion-in-adult-spinal-deformity-surgery-relationship-between-misplacement-and-the-iliac-morphologies
#6
Tomohiro Banno, Tsuyoshi Ohishi, Tomohiko Hasegawa, Yu Yamato, Sho Kobayashi, Daisuke Togawa, Tatsuya Yasuda, Yukihiro Matsuyama
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the accuracy of freehand iliac screw insertion and to determine how this can be performed safely. BACKGROUND AND METHODS: Seventy-seven adult scoliosis patients with an average age of 70.1 years who underwent spinal deformity surgery with spinopelvic fixation using bilateral iliac screws were enrolled. Penetration of the iliac table was assessed using postoperative computed tomography...
May 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437343/spinopelvic-alignment-by-different-surgical-methods-in-the-treatment-of-degenerative-sagittal-imbalance-of-the-lumbar-spine
#7
Dong-Gune Chang, Kee-Yong Ha, Young-Hoon Kim, Eun-Whan Lee
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective comparative study. OBJECTIVE: To compare pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO) and iliac fixation (ILF) without osteotomy as methods of correcting lumbar spine deformities due to degenerative sagittal imbalance (DSI) through the evaluation of the changes in spinopelvic alignment. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Many papers have reported the surgical results after PSO and ILF for patients with fixed adult deformities...
May 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437340/proximal-junctional-kyphosis-following-posterior-hemivertebra-resection-and-short-fusion-in-children-younger-than-10-years
#8
Yingsong Wang, Noriaki Kawakami, Taichi Tsuji, Tetsuya Ohara, Yoshitaka Suzuki, Toshiki Saito, Ayato Nohara, Ryoji Tauchi, Kazuki Kawakami
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) or obvious proximal junctional angle (PJA) changes in the sagittal plane develops following short fusion in children younger than 10 years of age with congenital scoliosis, and to investigate the possible risk factors. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: PJK following long spinal fusion in adolescents and adults is a serious postoperative complication...
May 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437331/do-the-position-and-orientation-of-the-crosslink-influence-the-stiffness-of-spinal-instrumentation
#9
Zhuo Wang, Toshihiko Sakakibara, Takamasa Yoshikawa, Tadashi Inaba, Yuichi Kasai
STUDY DESIGN: Biomechanical study of double-level pedicle screw constructs with or without crosslinks (CL) in an unstable model. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to investigate the optimal position and orientation of the CL. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Several reports have described biomechanical research on such CL, but no definite consensus has been reached regarding the effects. Very few studies have examined the position and orientation of the CL...
May 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437220/lean-mass-and-fat-mass-as-mediators-of-the-relationship-between-physical-activity-and-bone-mineral-density-in-postmenopausal-women
#10
Jing Xiang, Yongjie Chen, Yupeng Wang, Shaofei Su, Xinyu Wang, Biao Xie, Qiuju Zhang, Meina Liu
BACKGROUND: The relationship between physical activity (PA) and bone health is well known, but the role of lean mass (LM) and fat mass (FM) in this relationship remains uncertain. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the mediating effect of LM and FM on the relationship between PA and bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 282 postmenopausal women aged between 50 and 65 year, who were randomly selected from Hongqi community of Harbin City in China...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436937/efficacy-of-anti-sclerostin-monoclonal-antibody-bps804-in-adult-patients-with-hypophosphatasia
#11
Lothar Seefried, Jasmin Baumann, Sarah Hemsley, Christine Hofmann, Erdmute Kunstmann, Beate Kiese, Yue Huang, Simon Chivers, Marie-Anne Valentin, Babul Borah, Ronenn Roubenoff, Uwe Junker, Franz Jakob
BACKGROUND: Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is a rare genetic disorder resulting in variable alterations of bone formation and mineralization that are caused by mutations in the ALPL gene, encoding the tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (ALP) enzyme. METHODS: In this phase IIA open-label, single-center, intra-patient, dose-escalating study, adult patients with HPP received 3 ascending intravenous doses of 5, 10, and 20 mg/kg BPS804, a fully human anti-sclerostin monoclonal antibody, on days 1, 15, and 29, respectively...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436378/outcomes-of-corpectomy-in-patients-with-metastatic-cancer
#12
Grzegorz Guzik
BACKGROUND: The objective of surgical management of spinal metastases is to reduce pain and improve the patient's quality of life. The operation should restore spinal stability and decompress neural structures. One surgical technique is corpectomy followed by vertebral body reconstruction and stabilisation of the spine. The procedure may be performed in patients in overall good health and a good survival prognosis. The aim of this paper is to present the outcomes of surgical management of spinal metastases in patients who underwent corpectomy followed by vertebral body reconstruction and stabilisation of the spine...
January 26, 2017: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436196/bone-mineral-density-and-fractures-after-surgical-menopause-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Ingrid E Fakkert, Natalia Teixeira, Elske Marije Abma, Riemer H J A Slart, Marian J E Mourits, Geertruida H de Bock
BACKGROUND: Oophorectomy is recommended to women at increased ovarian cancer risk. When performed at premenopausal age oophorectomy induces acute surgical menopause, with unwanted consequences. OBJECTIVE: To investigate bone mineral density (BMD) and fracture prevalence after surgical menopause. SEARCH STRATEGY: A literature search on PubMed, Embase and Cochrane library through March 2016. SELECTION CRITERIA: Primary studies reporting on BMD, T-scores or fracture prevalence in women with surgical menopause and age-matched reference groups...
April 24, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435926/lumbar-disc-herniation-presenting-with-contralateral-symptoms-a-case-report
#14
Zhi Sheng Darren Koh, Shuxun Lin, Hwee Weng Dennis Hey
Lumbar disc herniation is common and may be symptomatic. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan is an appropriate tool to confirm the diagnosis and affected level of the spine. While a disc herniation is usually associated with ipsilateral symptoms, a few cases have been reported to present with contralateral symptoms. We report a unique case of left lumbar disc herniation at L5/S1 who presented with contralateral symptoms and was successfully treated with a right L5/S1 foraminal block. However, the patient developed concordant ipsilateral symptoms 6 weeks later and was treated with left L5/S1 microdiscectomy...
March 2017: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435925/distal-junctional-failure-secondary-to-l5-vertebral-fracture-a-report-of-two-rare-cases
#15
Jiong Hao Tan, Kimberly-Anne Tan, Hwee Weng Dennis Hey, Hee-Kit Wong
Distal junctional failure (DJF) with fracture at the last instrumented vertebra is a rare occurrence. In this case report, we present two patients with L5 vertebral fracture post-instrumented fusion of the lumbar spine. The first patient is a 78-year-old female who had multi-level degenerative disc disease, spinal stenosis and degenerative scoliosis involving levels T12 to L5. She underwent instrumented posterolateral fusion (PLF) from T12 to L5, and transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) at L2/3 and L4/5...
March 2017: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435922/spontaneous-corpectomy-and-anterior-arthrodesis-in-lumbar-spine-how-ankylosing-spondylitis-can-resolve-a-vertebral-fracture
#16
Daniele Vanni, Andrea Pantalone, Stefano Di Carlo, Vincenzo Magliani, Pedro Berjano, Vincenzo Salini
Between the 80% and 90% of vertebral fractures in over 65 years people are due to osteoporosis. Over the 30% of patients affected by vertebral osteoporosis fractures needs of surgical treatment and the 12% presents complications requiring an invasive surgical approach. We report an unusual case of spontaneous corpectomy and anterior arthrodesis occurred in a patient suffering from Ankylosing Spondylitis. This event invites us to reflect about the magnitude of the biological power of the bone healing, even in adverse conditions...
March 2017: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435920/microscopy-assisted-interspinous-tubular-approach-for-lumbar-spinal-stenosis
#17
REVIEW
José-Antonio Soriano-Sánchez, Javier Quillo-Olvera, Sergio Soriano-Solis, Miroslava-Elizabeth Soriano-Lopez, Claudia-Angélica Covarrubias-Rosas, Javier Quillo-Reséndiz, Carlos-Francisco Gutiérrez-Partida, Manuel Rodríguez-García
Various minimally invasive techniques have been reported as an alternative to conventional lumbar decompression. The major advantage of these minimally invasive procedures lies in their reduction of unnecessary exposure and tissue trauma. Our objective was to describe a minimally invasive procedure for lumbar spinal stenosis decompression by enlarging the lumbar interspinous space, approaching it with a tubular retractor, and assisting with microscopy. Thoracolumbar fascia and paravertebral muscles are preserved throughout the whole procedure...
March 2017: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435916/feasibility-of-endoscopic-discectomy-by-inter-laminar-approach-at-a-high-volume-tertiary-public-hospital-in-a-developing-country
#18
Shardul Madhav Soman, Jayprakash Vrajlal Modi, Jimmy Chokshi
BACKGROUND: Surgical treatment for lumbar disc herniation consists of discectomy performed either open or minimally invasive techniques. Endoscopic discectomy using the tubular retractor is been increasingly used as it gives advantage of smaller incision, less tissue injury and faster recovery. The aim of this study was to check its feasibility and learning curve at a tertiary public sector hospital with a large volume load (more than 50 spine surgeries per month) with treatment provided free of cost...
March 2017: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435114/the-decussating-fibers-of-the-lumbar-thoracolumbar-fascia-a-landmark-for-identifying-the-l5-spinous-process
#19
Fernando Alonso, Tarush Rustagi, Christian Fisahn, Doniel Drazin, Brady Gardner, Joe Iwanaga, Jens R Chapman, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
INTRODUCTION: The thoracolumbar fascia has been well studied and is known to have crisscrossing fibers. Based on surgical experience, we have hypothesized that the decussating fibers of this fascia may indicate a specific vertebral level. Therefore, the following anatomical study was performed. METHODS: Twenty adult fresh frozen cadavers aged 72-84 years old at death were placed in the prone position and the skin of the lumbar and upper sacrum was removed. Careful attention was given to the thoracolumbar fascia and any fibers of it that grossly crossed the midline to inderdigitate with its contralateral counterpart...
April 20, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434542/the-neandertal-vertebral-column-2-the-lumbar-spine
#20
Asier Gómez-Olivencia, Mikel Arlegi, Alon Barash, Jay T Stock, Ella Been
Here we provide the most extensive metric and morphological analysis performed to date on the Neandertal lumbar spine. Neandertal lumbar vertebrae show differences from modern humans in both the vertebral body and in the neural arch, although not all Neandertal lumbar vertebrae differ from modern humans in the same way. Differences in the vertebral foramen are restricted to the lowermost lumbar vertebrae (L4 and L5), differences in the orientation of the upper articular facets appear in the uppermost lumbar vertebrae (probably in L1 and L2-L3), and differences in the horizontal angle of the transverse process appear in L2-L4...
May 2017: Journal of Human Evolution
keyword
keyword
2206
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"