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Pediatric joint infection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541262/joint-espghan-naspghan-guidelines-for-the-management-of-helicobacter-pylori-in-children-and-adolescents-update-2016
#1
Nicola L Jones, Sibylle Koletzko, Karen Goodman, Patrick Bontems, Samy Cadranel, Thomas Casswall, Steve Czinn, Benjamin D Gold, Jeannette Guarner, Yoram Elitsur, Matjaž Homan, Nicolas Kalach, Michal Kori, Armando Madrazo, Francis Megraud, Alexandra Papadopoulou, Marion Rowland
BACKGROUND: Because of the changing epidemiology of Helicobacter pylori infection and low efficacy of currently recommended therapies, an update of the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition/North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition recommendations for the diagnosis and management of H pylori infection in children and adolescents is required. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature (time period: 2009-2014) was performed...
June 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470578/acute-hemorrhagic-edema-of-infancy-the-experience-of-a-large-tertiary-pediatric-center-in-israel
#2
Limor Parker, Keren Shahar-Nissan, Liat Ashkenazi-Hoffnung, Liora Harel, Jacob Amir, Omer Trivizki, Efraim Bilavsky
BACKGROUND: Acute hemorrhagic edema of infancy (AHEI) is a rare leukocytoclastic vasculitis of the small vessels occurring at a young age and considered as a benign self-limited disease. Due to its low prevalence, there are limited data on the presentation and complications of this disease. METHODS: All computerized files of children who were hospitalized at a tertiary pediatric center due to AHEI over a 10 year period were reviewed. Clinical, laboratory and histopathological data were collected...
April 29, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453023/-hiv-aids-infection-in-children-and-adolescents-chilean-cohort-1987-2014
#3
Elba Wu, M Isabel Galaz, Carmen Larrañaga, Ana Chávez, Marcela González, Ana M Álvarez, Anamaría Peña, Juila Vlllarroel, Eloísa Vizueta
The present document describes the Cohort of HIV/AIDS children detected in Chile from 1987 to August 2014 and the effectiveness of the Protocol for Prevention of Vertical Transmission (PPVT) of HIV infection. Of the 375 HIV infected children enrolled since 1987 to August 2014, 245 of them are still in pediatric control. From the analysis of the Cohort is inferred that: a) it has observed an improvement in the detection of the HIV infected child, in number and precocious time; b) the majority of these children continue to be detected by clinic symptoms and signs (mainly unspecific and infectious manifestations); c) the ARVT use has meant a clinic and immunologic improvement with diminution of the infections, principally opportunistic infections, with a better life quality, a prolongation of survival and a diminution of lethality; d) as more survival has been produced, cancer has begun to be detected, a very infrequent complication observed in them before the ARVT use...
October 2016: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434455/creating-a-pediatric-joint-council-to-promote-patient-safety-and-quality-governance-and-accountability-across-johns-hopkins-medicine
#4
Michael Rosen, Brigitta U Mueller, Aaron M Milstone, Denise R Remus, Renee Demski, Peter J Pronovost, Marlene R Miller
BACKGROUND: Large multihospital health systems with multiple children's hospitals are relatively few in number. With a paucity of national pediatric measures for quality and patient safety, there are unique challenges to ensuring consistent levels of care across diverse health care delivery settings. At Johns Hopkins Medicine, a Pediatric Joint Council was created to help ensure high-quality and safe care across a health system encompassing two full-service children's hospitals and two community hospitals with significant pediatric volumes across two states...
May 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393309/free-non-vascularized-fibular-graft-for-treatment-of-large-bone-defect-around-the-elbow-in-pediatric-patients
#5
Kamolporn Kaewpornsawan, Perajit Eamsobhana
BACKGROUND: Large bone defect is a challenging problem in orthopedics practice. Several methods are available for bridging of these bone defects, including cancellous bone graft, free vascularized fibula graft, and bone transport with external ring fixator. The aim of this study was to describe our experience in nine pediatric cases of free non-vascularized autogenous fibular strut bone graft in which large bone defect and bone loss of >7 cm was caused by open fracture and infective nonunion around the elbow joint...
April 9, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336043/pediatric-septic-arthritis
#6
REVIEW
Nicole I Montgomery, Howard R Epps
Acute septic arthritis is a condition with the potential for joint destruction, physeal damage, and osteonecrosis, which warrants urgent identification and treatment. The organism most frequently responsible is Staphylococcus aureus; however, our understanding of pathogens continues to evolve as detection methods continue to improve. MRI has improved our ability to detect concurrent infections and is a useful clinical tool where available. The treatment course involves intravenous antibiotics followed by transition to oral antibiotics when clinically appropriate...
April 2017: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328742/treatment-of-proximal-humerus-fractures-in-children-with-a-modified-palm-tree-technique
#7
Ayman M Ali, Sallam I Fawzy, Medhat Moaty, Mohamed Abelaziz
Although most pediatric proximal humeral fractures can be successfully treated conservatively with satisfactory results, many operative techniques have been described for the treatment of displaced proximal humeral fractures. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of percutaneous fixation using a modified palm tree technique for proximal humerus fractures in children. Between March 2011 and May 2013, the modified palm tree technique was used for the management of 30 children (20 boys and 10 girls) with displaced proximal humeral fractures...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328692/experience-with-a-care-process-model-in-the-evaluation-of-pediatric-musculoskeletal-infections-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department
#8
Lina Patel, Jeff Michael, Nancy Allen, Lisa Schroeder, Lisa Berglund, Jason G Newland
OBJECTIVES: Care process models (CPMs) for certain conditions have improved clinical outcomes in children. This study describes the implementation and impact of a CPM for the evaluation of musculoskeletal infections in a pediatric emergency department (ED). METHODS: A retrospective pre-post intervention study was performed to analyze the impact of a musculoskeletal infection CPM. Patients were identified retrospectively through electronic order history for imaging of an extremity or joint and recommended laboratory tests...
March 21, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280120/good-to-great-quality-improvement-initiative-increases-and-sustains-pediatric-health-care-worker-hand-hygiene-compliance
#9
Heather S McLean, Charlene Carriker, William Clay Bordley
OBJECTIVE: The Joint Commission, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the World Health Organization challenge hospitals to achieve and sustain compliance with effective hand hygiene (HH) practice; however, many inpatient units fail to achieve a high level of reliability. The aim of the project was to increase and sustain health care worker (HCW) compliance with HH protocols from 87% (level of reliability [LOR] 1) to ≥95% (LOR 2) within 9 months on 2 pediatric inpatient units in an academic children's hospital...
April 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253398/otogenic-temporomandibular-arthritis-in-children
#10
Alice Burgess, Charlotte Celerier, Sylvain Breton, Thierry Van den Abbeele, Natacha Kadlub, Nicolas Leboulanger, Noël Garabedian, Vincent Couloigner
Importance: Septic arthritis of the temporomandibular joint (SATMJ) is a very rare but potentially severe complication of pediatric middle ear infections because it presents risks of TMJ ankylosis. Objective: To describe the clinical, radiological, biological, and microbiological characteristics and evolution of SATMJ complicating middle ear infections (otogenic SATMJ) in children. Design, Setting, and Participants: This multicenter retrospective study included all children younger than 18 years referred between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2015, for otogenic SATMJ or for TMJ ankylosis that occurred a few months to a few years after an acute mastoiditis...
May 1, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029668/titanium-elastic-nailing-system-tens-for-tibia-fractures-in-children-functional-outcomes-and-complications
#11
K M Kc, P Acharya, A Sigdel
INTRODUCTION: Closed reduction and cast application is still regarded as first line treatment for pediatric tibial fractures. Over the past few decades, management of pediatric tibial fractures has shifted more towards operative intervention because of quicker recovery, shorter rehabilitation period, less immobilization, lack of stiffness of adjoining joints, and less psychological impact to the children. Flexible intramedullary nails not only fulfill the above advantage but also maintain alignment and rotation...
October 2016: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002357/pediatric-sacroiliitis-clinical-and-microbiologic-differences-between-infants-and-children-adolescents
#12
Ambra Donzelli, Eleftheria Samara, Vassiliki Spyropoulou, Céline Juchler, Dimitri Ceroni
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to improve knowledge of pediatric pyogenic sacroiliitis (PSI) in the pediatric population based on a consecutive case series. METHOD: We conducted a single-center cross-sectional study on 16 patients admitted to the emergency department of our Hospital between January 1990 and December 2015 with a confirmed diagnosis of PSI. The patients were divided into 2 groups by age: infants (6 months - 4 years) and children-adolescents (4-16 years)...
December 19, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887621/pediatric-emergency-department-visits-and-ambient-air-pollution-in-the-u-s-state-of-georgia-a-case-crossover-study
#13
Qingyang Xiao, Yang Liu, James A Mulholland, Armistead G Russell, Lyndsey A Darrow, Paige E Tolbert, Matthew J Strickland
BACKGROUND: Estimating the health effects of ambient air pollutant mixtures is necessary to understand the risk of real-life air pollution exposures. METHODS: Pediatric Emergency Department (ED) visit records for asthma or wheeze (n = 148,256), bronchitis (n = 84,597), pneumonia (n = 90,063), otitis media (n = 422,268) and upper respiratory tract infection (URI) (n = 744,942) were obtained from Georgia hospitals during 2002-2008. Spatially-contiguous daily concentrations of 11 ambient air pollutants were estimated from CMAQ model simulations that were fused with ground-based measurements...
November 25, 2016: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861209/comparison-of-percutaneous-reduction-and-pin-fixation-in-acute-and-chronic-pediatric-mallet-fractures
#14
Manoj Reddy, Christine A Ho
BACKGROUND: Although pediatric mallet fractures are more common than adult fractures, no techniques have focused on surgical fixation of pediatric mallet fractures. This study aims to describe the technique and results of percutaneous reduction and fixation in acute and chronic pediatric mallet fractures. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of 51 pediatric mallet fractures treated with percutaneous wire fixation from 2007 to 2014; 38 were acute fractures and 13 were chronic (>4 wk from injury)...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800188/arthroscopic-treatment-for-primary-septic-arthritis-of-the-hip-in-adults
#15
Jörg Hartmut Schröder, David Krüger, Carsten Perka, Martin Hufeland
Purpose. Primary septic arthritis is a rare differential diagnosis of acute hip pain in adults. Inspired by the success of all-arthroscopic treatment in pediatric patients, we developed a diagnostic and surgical pathway for our adult patients. Methods. Seven patients, average age 44 ± 13.7 years with acute hip pain since 4.4 ± 2.9 days in the average, were included. Septic arthritis was confirmed by joint aspiration and dissemination was excluded by MRI and standard radiographs. Surgical treatment consisted of immediate arthroscopic lavage using 4 portals for debridement, high-volume irrigation, partial synovectomy, and drainage...
2016: Advances in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749670/atlantoaxial-rotatory-subluxation-a-review-for-the-pediatric-emergency-physician
#16
REVIEW
Merritt D Kinon, Rani Nasser, Jonathan Nakhla, Rupen Desai, Jessica R Moreno, Reza Yassari, Carlos A Bagley
Pediatric emergency physicians must have a high clinical suspicion for atlantoaxial rotatory subluxation (AARS), particularly when a child presents with neck pain and an abnormal head posture without the ability to return to a neutral position. As shown in the neurosurgical literature, timely diagnosis and swift initiation of treatment have a greater chance of treatment success for the patient. However, timely treatment is complicated because torticollis can result from a variety of maladies, including: congenital abnormalities involving the C1-C2 joint or the surrounding supporting muscles and ligaments, central nervous system abnormalities, obstetric palsies from brachial plexus injuries, clavicle fractures, head and neck surgery, and infection...
October 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684849/elastic-stable-intramedullary-nailing-for-severely-displaced-distal-tibial-fractures-in-children
#17
Kaiying Shen, Haiqing Cai, Zhigang Wang, Yunlan Xu
Elastic stable intramedullary nailing (ESIN) has became a well-accepted method of osteosynthesis of diaphyseal fractures in the skeletally immature patient for many advantages, the purpose of this study is to evaluate the preliminary results of this minimally invasive treatment for severely displaced distal tibial diaphyseal metaphyseal junction (DTDMJ) fractures.This study was carried out over a 6-year period. Twenty-one severely displaced DTDMJ fractures treated using ESIN were evaluated clinically and radiographically...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676102/pediatric-pelvic-pyomyositis-initial-mri-can-be-misleading
#18
Pranit N Chotai, Mark S Hsiao, Indu Pathak, Diem Banh, Marwa Abdou, Amr A Abdelgawad
Pelvic pyomyositis is an infection of the skeletal muscles around the hip joint. Fever, hip pain, limp, and leukocytosis are common; however, the clinical picture is often vague. MRI is the current gold-standard imaging for pyomyositis. No studies in the current literature have reported an unremarkable initial MRI in a patient with symptomatic pyomyositis. An adolescent female presented with symptomatic pelvic pyomyositis, but admission MRI was normal. A follow-up MRI indicated development of pelvic pyomyositis...
November 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621353/executive-summary-official-american-thoracic-society-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention-infectious-diseases-society-of-america-clinical-practice-guidelines-treatment-of-drug-susceptible-tuberculosis
#19
Payam Nahid, Susan E Dorman, Narges Alipanah, Pennan M Barry, Jan L Brozek, Adithya Cattamanchi, Lelia H Chaisson, Richard E Chaisson, Charles L Daley, Malgosia Grzemska, Julie M Higashi, Christine S Ho, Philip C Hopewell, Salmaan A Keshavjee, Christian Lienhardt, Richard Menzies, Cynthia Merrifield, Masahiro Narita, Rick O'Brien, Charles A Peloquin, Ann Raftery, Jussi Saukkonen, H Simon Schaaf, Giovanni Sotgiu, Jeffrey R Starke, Giovanni Battista Migliori, Andrew Vernon
The American Thoracic Society, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and Infectious Diseases Society of America jointly sponsored the development of this guideline for the treatment of drug-susceptible tuberculosis, which is also endorsed by the European Respiratory Society and the US National Tuberculosis Controllers Association. Representatives from the American Academy of Pediatrics, the Canadian Thoracic Society, the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, and the World Health Organization also participated in the development of the guideline...
October 1, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616822/clinical-outcome-of-metacarpophalangeal-joint-dislocation-of-the-thumb-in-children-case-series-of-10-patients
#20
Omar Khursheed, Ansarul Haq, Shakir Rashid, Nazeefa Manzoor, Sarwar Shiekh, Muzaffar Mushtaq
OBJECTIVES: Dislocation of the metacarpophalangeal joint of the thumb in children is an uncommon entity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcome of pediatric patients with metacarpophalangeal joint dislocation of the thumb. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ten pediatric patients with metacarpophalangeal joint dislocation of the thumb were evaluated. Patients were studied prospectively over a period of 3 years. Parameters studied included patient demographics, type of dislocation, management, and any complications...
April 2016: Journal of Hand and Microsurgery
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