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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424132/outcomes-of-recreational-activity-associated-trauma-in-elderly-persons-on-blood-thinning-medications
#1
Zachary M DeBoard, Jonathan Grotts, Lisa Ferrigno
With increasing life expectancy, the elderly are participating in recreational activities traditionally pursued by younger persons. Elderly patients have many reasons for worse outcomes after trauma, one of which may be the rising use of anticoagulant and/or antiplatelet medications. This study aimed to determine whether preinjury use of these agents yielded worse outcomes in geriatric patients injured during high-impact recreational activities. The National Trauma Data Bank was reviewed from 2007 to 2010 for patients ≥65 years admitted to Level I or II trauma centers with ICD-9 E-codes for specific mechanisms of injury...
April 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415868/-epidemiological-data-of-hungarian-skiers-and-snowboarders-medical-problems
#2
Péter Felkai, Ingrid Lengyel, Miklós Szokoly, Gábor Forgó
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: There are no high mountains or any advantageous circumstances for winter sports in Hungary, yet within the 10 million population there are about half a million people (the exact number is 550,000) who tend to go for skiing or snowboarding abroad. Authors compared the injury statistical data with results described in the international literature in order to develop conclusions about the differences in the injury patterns and frequency between the Hungarian ones' and those found in countries with plenty of winter sport possibilities...
April 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406787/factors-influencing-helmet-use-head-injury-and-hospitalization-among-children-involved-in-skateboarding-and-snowboarding-accidents
#3
Homa Sadeghian, Brian Nguyen, Nhan Huynh, Joshua Rouch, Steven L Lee, Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi
CONTEXT: Up to 75% of skateboarders and snowboarders admitted to the hospital sustain head injuries. It is unclear why not all children and teenagers wear helmets while snowboarding and skateboarding given the protection they afford. OBJECTIVES: To report on the prevalence of, and factors associated with, skateboarding and snowboarding in injured children and to explore factors that influence helmet use, head injury, and hospitalization in this sample. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of skateboard- and snowboard-associated injuries from 2003 to 2012 among individuals younger than age 18 years using National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) data from approximately 100 hospitals...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398942/acute-on-chronic-anterolateral-tibiofibular-joint-dislocation-in-a-child
#4
Jeewanjit S Gill, Amal Al-Shibli, Victor Istasy, Rodrick Lim
Tibiofibular joint injury in children is an uncommon injury. It is usually associated with acute injuries in sports that involve aggressive twisting of the knee, such as soccer and snowboarding. We present a case of a 17-year-old male adolescent who sustained an acute dislocation of the anterolateral tibiofibular joint with routine ambulation, who had a chronic history of subluxation. To our knowledge, this has not been previously reported. The diagnosis requires a high level of awareness and suspicion, and plain radiographs may aid in the diagnosis especially if contralateral comparison views are obtained...
May 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340603/blunt-cardiac-injury-due-to-trauma-associated-with-snowboarding-a-case-report
#5
Fuminori Yamaji, Hideshi Okada, Yasuhiro Nakajima, Kodai Suzuki, Takahiro Yoshida, Yosuke Mizuno, Haruka Okamoto, Yuichiro Kitagawa, Taku Tanaka, Shiho Nakano, Sho Nachi, Tomoaki Doi, Keisuke Kumada, Shozo Yoshida, Narihiro Ishida, Katsuya Shimabukuro, Hiroaki Ushikoshi, Izumi Toyoda, Kiyoshi Doi, Shinji Ogura
BACKGROUND: Cardiac trauma is associated with a much higher mortality rate than injuries to other organ systems, even though cardiac trauma is identified in less than 10% of all trauma admissions. Here we report blunt trauma of the left atrium due to snowboarding trauma. CASE PRESENTATION: A 45-year-old Asian man collided with a tree while he was snowboarding and drinking. He lost consciousness temporarily. An air ambulance was requested and he was transported to an advanced critical care center...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337944/the-influence-of-gate-start-position-on-physical-performance-and-anxiety-perception-in-expert-bmx-athletes
#6
Franck Di Rienzo, Guillaume Martinent, Lucie Levêque, Tadhg MacIntyre, Christian Collet, Aymeric Guillot
The critical importance of the start phase in bicycle motocross (BMX) racing is increasingly acknowledged. Past experiments underlined that the internal lane of the starting gate provides a strong positional advantage. However, how lane position affects start performance and cognitive and somatic state anxiety remains unexplored. We examined the start performance and anxiety responses of youth national-level BMX riders in both experimental and ecological contexts. We used contextualization motor imagery routines to evaluate start performance and state anxiety from the internal and external lanes...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254746/what-strategies-can-be-used-to-effectively-reduce-the-risk-of-concussion-in-sport
#7
REVIEW
Carolyn A Emery, Amanda M Black, Ash Kolstad, German Martinez, Alberto Nettel-Aguirre, Lars Engebretsen, Karen Johnston, James Kissick, David Maddocks, Charles Tator, Mark Aubry, Jiří Dvorák, Shinji Nagahiro, Kathryn Schneider
AIM OR OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of concussion prevention strategies in reducing concussion risk in sport. DESIGN: Systematic review according to the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis) guidelines. DATA SOURCES: Eleven electronic databases searched and hand-search of references from selected studies. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: The following were the study inclusion criteria: (1) contained original human research data; (2) investigated an outcome of concussion or head impact; (3) evaluated a concussion prevention intervention; (4) included sport participants; (5) analytical study designand (6) peer-reviewed...
March 2, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030491/severe-injuries-associated-with-skiing-and-snowboarding-a-national-trauma-data-bank-study
#8
Amory de Roulet, Kenji Inaba, Aaron Strumwasser, Konstantinos Chouliaras, Lydia Lam, Elizabeth Benjamin, Daniel Grabo, Demetrios Demetriades
BACKGROUND: Injuries after skiing and snowboarding accidents lead to an estimated 7,000 hospital admissions annually and present a significant burden to the health care system. The epidemiology, injury patterns, hospital resource utilization, and outcomes associated with these severe injuries need further characterization. METHODS: The National Trauma Data Bank was queried for the period 2007 to 2014 for admissions with Injury Severity Score > 15 and International Classification of Diseases Codes-9th Revision codes 885...
April 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002580/endothelial-progenitor-cells-derived-from-the-peripheral-blood-of-halfpipe-snowboarding-athletes-display-specific-functional-properties
#9
Y H Zhao, J C Kan, Y F Wang, W J Guan, Z Q Zhu
In this study, we compared the functional properties of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) derived from halfpipe-snowboarding athletes who train under hyperoxic conditions with those derived from normal subjects who lived under normoxic conditions. Peripheral blood-derived EPCs were isolated from both halfpipe-snowboarding athletes and normal humans. Cellular growth dynamics, lipoprotein transport, and gene expression of cultured EPCs were compared between the two groups of cells. Results indicate that cytoactivity of EPCs from athletes was higher than that of EPCs from control subjects...
December 19, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885394/sports-specific-differences-in-postsurgical-infections-after-arthroscopically-assisted-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#10
Werner Krutsch, Johannes Zellner, Florian Zeman, Michael Nerlich, Matthias Koch, Christian Pfeifer, Peter Angele
PURPOSE: Post-operative infection after arthroscopically assisted anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is a rare but severe complication, particularly for young and active patients. It is unclear whether the prevalence of knee infection is correlated with the type of sports or the level of performance. METHODS: From 2008 to 2012, the internal single-centre ACL registry of the FIFA Medical Centre of Excellence Regensburg was retrospectively screened for sex, age, time between isolated primary ACL rupture and surgery, surgical technique, rate of infection after ACL reconstruction and the type of sports practised...
November 24, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884864/sports-injuries-and-illnesses-in-the-lillehammer-2016-youth-olympic-winter-games
#11
Kathrin Steffen, Christine Holm Moseid, Lars Engebretsen, Pia K Søberg, Olav Amundsen, Kristian Holm, Thomas Moger, Torbjørn Soligard
BACKGROUND: Injury and illness surveillance during high-level youth sports events is an important first step in health prevention and caretaking of the young elite athletes. AIM: To analyse injuries and illnesses that occurred during the 10 days 2nd Youth Olympic Winter Games (YOG), held in Lillehammer 2016. METHODS: We recorded the daily occurrence (or non-occurrence) of injuries and illnesses through the reporting of (1) all National Olympic Committee (NOC) medical teams and (2) the polyclinic and medical venues by the Lillehammer Organising Committee (LYOCOG) medical staff...
January 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876383/helmet-use-and-injury-severity-among-pediatric-skiers-and-snowboarders-in-colorado
#12
Melissa Milan, Sandeep Jhajj, Camille Stewart, Laura Pyle, Steven Moulton
INTRODUCTION: Skiing and snowboarding are popular winter recreational activities that are commonly associated with orthopedic type injuries. Unbeknownst to most parents, however, are the significant but poorly described risks for head, cervical spine and solid organ injuries. Although helmet use is not mandated for skiers and snowboarders outside of resort sponsored activities, we hypothesized that helmet use is associated with a lower risk of severe head injury, shorter ICU stay and shorter hospital length of stay...
February 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787350/epidemiology-of-snow-skiing-versus-snowboarding-related-concussions-presenting-to-the-emergency-department-in-the-united-states-from-2010-to-2014
#13
Joseph A Gil, Steven F DeFroda, Peter Kriz, Brett D Owens
OBJECTIVES: To examine the trend of concussions in skiers and snowboarders from 2010 to 2014; and to quantify and compare the incidence of concussions injuries in skiers and snowboarders who presented to emergency departments in the United States in 2014. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of concussions in skiers and snowboarders who were evaluated in emergency departments in the United States. MAIN OUTCOMES MEASURE: Incidence of concussions. RESULTS: The trend of the annual incidence of concussions for skiers and snowboarders remained stable from 2010 to 2014...
October 25, 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734085/does-zoning-winter-recreationists-reduce-recreation-conflict
#14
Aubrey D Miller, Jerry J Vaske, John R Squires, Lucretia E Olson, Elizabeth K Roberts
Parks and protected area managers use zoning to decrease interpersonal conflict between recreationists. Zoning, or segregation, of recreation-often by non-motorized and motorized activity-is designed to limit physical interaction while providing recreation opportunities to both groups. This article investigated the effectiveness of zoning to reduce recreation conflict in the Vail Pass Winter Recreation Area in Colorado, USA. Despite a zoning management system, established groomed travel routes were used by both non-motorized recreationists (backcountry skiers, snowboarders, snowshoers) and motorized recreationists (snowmobilers)...
January 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697328/distal-clavicular-torus-fracture-in-a-15-year-old-snowboarder
#15
Morteza Khodaee, Blake Volkmer, Aaron Provance
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665866/robotic-assessment-of-upper-limb-function-after-proximal-humeral-fracture-personal-experience-as-a-patient-and-occupational-therapist
#16
Atsuko Nishimoto, Yohei Otaka, Shoko Kasuga, Eri Otaka, Kotaro Yamazaki, Junichi Ushiba, Meigen Liu
Robotics is an emerging field in rehabilitation medicine. Robots have the potential to complement traditional clinical assessments because they can measure functions more precisely and quantitatively than current clinical assessments. We present a patient with a proximal humeral fracture whose recovery process was evaluated with an exoskeleton robotic device. The patient, a 34-year-old woman, suffered a left proximal humeral fracture while snowboarding. She is an occupational therapist and is the first author of this study...
2016: Keio Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616829/novel-treatment-of-a-scapholunate-ligament-injury-with-proximal-pole-scaphoid-nonunion
#17
Michael P Gaspar, Patrick M Kane, Sidney M Jacoby, Randall W Culp
BACKGROUND: Nonunion of scaphoid proximal pole fractures presents a challenging management dilemma to hand surgeons. This problem is further complicated in the uncommon concurrence of scapholunate (SL) ligament disruption. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 39-year-old male patient presented with new-onset wrist pain following a remote history of a proximal pole scaphoid fracture sustained as a teenager, which was treated nonoperatively. Six months before presentation, the patient sustained a fall while snowboarding...
April 2016: Journal of Hand and Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580147/analysis-of-injury-mechanisms-in-head-injuries-in-skiers-and-snowboarders
#18
Nicolas Bailly, Sanae Afquir, Jean-Dominique Laporte, Anthony Melot, Dominique Savary, Eric Seigneuret, Jean-Baptiste Delay, Thierry Donnadieu, Catherine Masson, Pierre-Jean Arnoux
PURPOSE: Mechanisms of injury and description of head impacts leading to traumatic brain injury (TBI) in skiers and snowboarders have not been extensively documented. We investigate snow sport crashes leading to TBI 1) to identify typical mechanisms leading to TBI to better target prevention measures and 2) to identify the injury mechanisms and the head impact conditions. METHODS: The subjects were skiers and snowboarders diagnosed of TBI and admitted between 2013 and 2015 to one of the 15 medical offices and three hospital centers involved in the study...
January 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27531522/helmet-use-and-risk-of-head-injuries-in-alpine-skiers-and-snowboarders-changes-after-an-interval-of-one-decade
#19
Steinar Sulheim, Arne Ekeland, Ingar Holme, Roald Bahr
BACKGROUND: In a previous study, we concluded that a safety helmet can reduce the risk for head injury by 60%. Other studies reported similar effects, resulting in a general recommendation to wear a helmet while skiing or snowboarding. AIM: To determine the effect of the expected increased helmet wear on the risk of head injury one decade after the recommendation. METHODS: Ski patrols reported injury cases in major Norwegian alpine ski resorts...
January 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525174/utilization-of-impact-testing-to-measure-injury-risk-in-alpine-ski-and-snowboard-athletes
#20
John Faltus, Brittney Huntimer, Thomas Kernozek, John Cole
BACKGROUND: While studies that have examined the prevalence of musculoskeletal injuries in alpine skiing and snowboarding exist, there has been no discussion of how neurocognitive deficits may influence such injuries. Recent authors have identified a possible link between Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) testing results and the prevalence of musculoskeletal injury in athletic populations. However, no study has specifically examined this in the alpine skiing and snowboard athletes who sustain injury and those that do not...
August 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
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