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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397300/effect-of-helmet-use-on-traumatic-brain-injuries-and-other-head-injuries-in-alpine-sport
#1
Nicolas Bailly, Jean-Dominique Laporte, Sanae Afquir, Catherine Masson, Thierry Donnadieu, Jean-Baptiste Delay, Pierre-Jean Arnoux
INTRODUCTION: Sport helmet effectiveness in preventing traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been repeatedly questioned. This study assesses the effect of helmet use on risk of TBI and other types of head injury (OTHI) in alpine sports. METHODS: From 2012 to 2014, data on the injured population were collected by physicians in on-mountain clinics in 30 French ski resorts, and interviews were conducted on the slope to sample a noninjured control population. Two sets of cases (1425 participants with TBI and 1386 with OTHI) were compared with 2 sets of controls (2145 participants without injury and 40,288 with an injury to a body part other than the head)...
January 31, 2018: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343462/a-tailored-web-based-advice-tool-for-skiers-and-snowboarders-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Ellen Kemler, Vincent Gouttebarge
BACKGROUND: Being active in sports has many positive health effects. The direct effects of engaging in regular physical activity are particularly apparent in the prevention of several chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, hypertension, obesity, depression, and osteoporosis. Besides the beneficial health effects of being active, sports participation is unfortunately also associated with a risk of injuries. In the case of many sports injuries (eg, winter sports) preventive measures are not compulsory, which means that a behavioral change in sports participants is necessary to increase the use of effective measures, and subsequently prevent or reduce injuries in sports...
January 17, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324632/chair-lift-falls-and-injuries-in-children
#3
Eric W Glissmeyer, Ryan R Metzger, Robert Bolte
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare demographic injury and treatment characteristics of hospitalized pediatric cases of falls from chair lifts to cases of other ski and snowboarding injuries and identify potential interventions for preventing falls from chair lifts. METHODS: Retrospective query of the trauma registry of Utah's only pediatric trauma center for children younger than 18 years requiring hospitalization for a ski or snowboarding injury from November 2004 to February 2014...
February 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315103/extracranial-vertebral-artery-dissecting-aneurysm-with-snowboarding-a-case-report
#4
Kent H Do, Jeffrey C Leggit, Alexander Galifianakis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206691/comprehensive-review-of-skiing-and-snowboarding-injuries
#5
Brett D Owens, Christopher Nacca, Andrew P Harris, Ross J Feller
Skiing and snowboarding have increased in popularity since the 1960s. Both sports are responsible for a substantial number of musculoskeletal injuries treated annually by orthopaedic surgeons. Specific injury patterns and mechanisms associated with skiing and snowboarding have been identified. No anatomic location is exempt from injury, including the head, spine, pelvis, and upper and lower extremities. In these sports, characteristic injury mechanisms often are related to the position of the limbs during injury, the athlete's expertise level, and equipment design...
January 1, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184524/a-qualitative-approach-on-motives-and-aspects-of-risks-in-freeriding
#6
Anika Frühauf, Will A S Hardy, Daniel Pfoestl, Franz-Georg Hoellen, Martin Kopp
Recent research has shown that there are multiple motives for participation in high-risk sport; however these results have come from studies that consider a number of different sports. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to better understand the motives and risk-related aspects of freeriding, using a qualitative approach. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 40 professional and semi-professional freeride skiers and snowboarders. All freeriders were highly experienced, of different age (19-44 years; 27...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151382/exposure-and-perceptions-of-marketing-for-caffeinated-energy-drinks-among-young-canadians
#7
David Hammond, Jessica L Reid
OBJECTIVE: To examine exposure to energy drink marketing among youth and young adults, and test perceptions of energy drink advertisements (ads) regarding target audience age and promoting energy drink use during sports. DESIGN: A between-group experiment randomly assigned respondents to view one of four energy drink ads (sport-themed or control) and assessed perceptions of the ad. Regression models examined marketing exposure and perceptions. SETTING: Online survey (2014)...
November 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133295/head-injury-mechanisms-in-fis-world-cup-alpine-and-freestyle-skiers-and-snowboarders
#8
Sophie Elspeth Steenstrup, Arnhild Bakken, Tone Bere, Declan Alexander Patton, Roald Bahr
INTRODUCTION: Head injuries represent a concern in skiing and snowboarding, with traumatic brain injuries being the most common cause of death. AIM: To describe the mechanisms of head and face injuries among World Cup alpine and freestyle skiers and snowboarders. METHODS: We performed a qualitative analysis of videos obtained of head and face injuries reported through the International Ski Federation Injury Surveillance System during 10 World Cup seasons (2006-2016)...
November 13, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121834/head-injuries-in-urban-environment-skiing-and-snowboarding-a-retrospective-study-on-injury-severity-and-injury-mechanisms
#9
A Stenroos, L Handolin
BACKGROUND AND AIM: During the last decade urban skiing and snowboarding has gained a lot of popularity. In urban skiing/snowboarding riders try to balance on handrails and jump off buildings. Previous studies in skiing and snowboarding accidents have mostly been conducted at hospitals located close to alpine terrain with big ski resort areas. The aim of this study is to evaluate the types and severity of traumatic brain injuries occurring in small, suburban hills and in urban environment, and to characterize injury patterns to find out the specific mechanisms of injuries behind...
November 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035988/helmet-use-and-risk-taking-behavior-among-skiers-and-snowboarders
#10
Stuart E Willick, Graham Wagner, Don Ericson, George Josten, Masaru Teramoto, Jeremy Davis
OBJECTIVE: To characterize factors associated with helmet use and risk-taking behavior among recreational skiers and snowboarders. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Large, western United States mountain resort. PARTICIPANTS: 1285 male and female recreational skiers and snowboarders were interviewed during a single winter ski season. INDEPENDENT VARIABLES: Helmet use, demographic, and sport-related characteristics...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028445/return-to-sport-specific-performance-after-primary-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-systematic-review
#11
Nicholas G Mohtadi, Denise S Chan
BACKGROUND: Physicians counseling athletes on the prognosis of sport-specific performance outcomes after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) depend on the published literature. However, critical appraisal of the validity and biases in these studies is required to understand how ACLR affects an athlete's ability to return to sport, the athlete's sport-specific performance, and his or her ability to achieve preinjury levels of performance. PURPOSE: This review identifies the published prognostic studies evaluating sport-specific performance outcomes after ACLR...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958714/the-spectrum-of-pediatric-injuries-sustained-in-snow-sports
#12
Zara Summers, Warwick J Teague, John M Hutson, Cameron S Palmer, Helen E Jowett, Sebastian K King
BACKGROUND: Snow sports are popular among children but carry the potential for significant injury. Head injuries are less common than fractures and sprains but may be fatal. Helmets are recommended for all snow sports, and yet their effectiveness remains unknown. We aimed to evaluate the spectrum of injuries sustained at three large alpine resorts and to assess the effect of helmet usage on injury severity. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected pediatric trauma data (2005-2015) from the three largest alpine resorts in our state...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865874/predictors-of-falls-in-recreational-snowboard-jumping-an-observational-study
#13
Nico Kurpiers, Paul McAlpine, Uwe G Kersting
PURPOSE: Jumping is popular in the sport of snowboarding. Epidemiological research has shown an increased risk of injury associated with this activity. Falls are common when jumping and although there is a logical connection between falling and injury occurrence, thus far little attention has been given to factors involved in the jumping-fall relationship. The current study aimed to add to the current knowledge base by identifying predictors of falling during intentional snowboard jumping within terrain park facilities...
August 26, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855239/closed-loop-control-during-intense-prolonged-outdoor-exercise-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-the-artificial-pancreas-ski-study
#14
Marc D Breton, Daniel R Cherñavvsky, Gregory P Forlenza, Mark D DeBoer, Jessica Robic, R Paul Wadwa, Laurel H Messer, Boris P Kovatchev, David M Maahs
OBJECTIVE: Intense exercise is a major challenge to the management of type 1 diabetes (T1D). Closed-loop control (CLC) systems (artificial pancreas) improve glycemic control during limited intensity and short duration of physical activity (PA). However, CLC has not been tested during extended vigorous outdoor exercise common among adolescents. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Skiing presents unique metabolic challenges: intense prolonged PA, cold, altitude, and stress/fear/excitement...
December 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28848058/effectiveness-of-a-nationwide-intervention-to-increase-helmet-use-in-dutch-skiers-and-snowboarders-an-observational-cohort-study
#15
Ingrid Vriend, Arlette Hesselink, Ellen Kemler, Vincent Gouttebarge, Willem van Mechelen, Evert Verhagen
OBJECTIVE: Helmet use in Dutch recreational skiers and snowboarders (DRSS) remains low. This study evaluated the effects of exposure to a nationwide intervention on relevant determinants of helmet use and helmet use in DRSS. METHODS: The intervention mapping protocol was used to develop an in-season intervention programme targeted at adult DRSS. A prospective single-cohort study was conducted to evaluate the impact of intervention exposure on determinants of helmet use (ie, knowledge about head injury risk and preventive measures, risk perception, attitudes to head injury risk and helmet use and intention to helmet use) and self-reported helmet use...
August 28, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746948/-factors-associated-with-safety-knowledge-on-alpine-ski%C3%A2-slopes
#16
Gerhard Ruedl, Elena Pocecco, Friedrich Brunner, Klaus Greier, Carolin Hildebrandt, Christian Raschner
Background The jurisdiction after a winter sport accident including a third party fault considers the 10 rules for safe skiing/snowboarding introduced by the International Ski Federation (FIS) to clarify the question of liability. A previous study revealed that beginners, young skiers and those who were not local residents displayed insufficient safety knowledge in given situations. The aim of this study was to evaluate additional factors associated with safety knowledge on ski slopes, e. g. type of winter sport, helmet use, risk taking behavior, and a previous injury occurred on a ski slope...
July 26, 2017: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740769/simply-do-not-go-snowboarding-2-weeks-after-augmentation
#17
Karl Schwaiger, Elisabeth Russe, Michaela Hladik, René Kaplan, Frederik DeMeyer, Klemens Heinrich, Valentin Zimmermann, Gottfried Wechselberger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689164/head-impact-velocities-in-fis-world-cup-snowboarders-and-freestyle-skiers-do-real-life-impacts-exceed-helmet-testing-standards
#18
Sophie E Steenstrup, Kam-Ming Mok, Andrew S McIntosh, Roald Bahr, Tron Krosshaug
INTRODUCTION: Prior to the 2013-2014 season, the International Ski Federation (FIS) increased the helmet testing speed from a minimum requirement of 5.4 to 6.8 m/s for alpine downhill, super-G and giant slalom and for freestyle ski cross, but not for the other freestyle disciplines or snowboarding. Whether this increased testing speed reflects impact velocities in real head injury situations on snow is unclear. We therefore investigated the injury mechanisms and gross head impact biomechanics in four real head injury situations among World Cup (WC) snowboard and freestyle athletes and compared these with helmet homologation laboratory test requirements...
July 8, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684013/cervical-spine-alignment-in-helmeted-skiers-and-snowboarders-with-suspected-head-and-neck-injuries-comparison-of-lateral-c-spine-radiographs-before-and-after-helmet-removal-and-implications-for-ski-patrol-transport
#19
Jared Murray, David A Rust
OBJECTIVE: Current protocols for spine immobilization of the injured skier/snowboarder have not been scientifically validated. Observing changes in spine alignment during common rescue scenarios will help strengthen recommendations for rescue guidelines. METHODS: Twenty-eight healthy volunteers (18 men, 10 women) age 47±17 (range 20-73) (mean ±SD with range) underwent a mock rescue in which candidate patrollers completing an Outdoor Emergency Care course performed spine immobilization and back boarding in 3 scenarios: 1) Ski helmet on, no c-collar; 2) helmet on, with c-collar; and 3) helmet removed, with c-collar...
July 3, 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617792/simultaneous-bilateral-snowboarder-s-fractures-in-a-young-woman-a-rare-entity
#20
Avajit Barai, Ralph Scorgie, Bruce Lambie
BACKGROUND: Talus is a well-supported bone in the foot. A fracture of talus requires a high-impact injury. A wedge-shaped inferolateral component is the lateral process of the talus (LPT). A fracture of LPT is also known as a 'snowboarder's fracture'. Simultaneous bilateral snowboarder's fracture is rarely reported in English literature. CASE: We present here a case of simultaneous bilateral snowboarder's fractures in a slow-moving motor vehicle accident in the icy conditions...
June 16, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
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