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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348712/assessment-of-ramadan-education-and-knowledge-among-diabetic-patients
#1
Mussa Hussain Almalki, Ibtihal Hussen, Shawana A Khan, Abdulrahman Almaghamsi, Fahad Alshahrani
Background: During Ramadan, Muslims fast from dawn until dusk for one lunar month every year. Most of the Muslim patients with diabetes are unaware of the potential complications that can occur while fasting, such as hypoglycemia. The aim of this study is to assess the the patient education level and patients' overall awareness of any possible complications that could occur while fasting during Ramadan and to determine how these patients deal with these complications. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study and surveyed diabetic patients about their diabetes-related knowledge over a period of 4 months from the outpatient clinic at the Obesity, Endocrine, and Metabolism Center at King Fahad Medical City...
2018: Clinical Medicine Insights. Endocrinology and Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299282/inducing-broadcast-coral-spawning-ex-situ-closed-system-mesocosm-design-and-husbandry-protocol
#2
Jamie Craggs, James R Guest, Michelle Davis, Jeremy Simmons, Ehsan Dashti, Michael Sweet
For many corals, the timing of broadcast spawning correlates strongly with a number of environmental signals (seasonal temperature, lunar, and diel cycles). Robust experimental studies examining the role of these putative cues in triggering spawning have been lacking until recently because it has not been possible to predictably induce spawning in fully closed artificial mesocosms. Here, we present a closed system mesocosm aquarium design that utilizes microprocessor technology to accurately replicate environmental conditions, including photoperiod, seasonal insolation, lunar cycles, and seasonal temperature from Singapore and the Great Barrier Reef (GBR), Australia...
December 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286209/precision-of-dxa-derived-visceral-fat-measurements-in-a-large-sample-of-adults-of-varying-body-size
#3
Kim Meredith-Jones, Jillian Haszard, Nigel Stanger, Rachael Taylor
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the precision of GE Lunar's CoreScan tool (GE Healthcare, Madison, Wisconsin) for measuring visceral adipose tissue (VAT) in adults of varying body size. METHODS: Two consecutive dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scans with repositioning were undertaken in 233 participants (110 male, 123 female) aged 18 to 70 years; 38% (n = 89) had normal weight, 34% (n = 80) had overweight, and 27% (n = 64) had obesity...
December 29, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284771/changing-efficacy-of-wet-cupping-therapy-in-migraine-with-lunar-phase-a-self-controlled-interventional-study
#4
Ali Ramazan Benli, Didem Sunay
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of blood-letting with wet cupping therapy (WCT) in migraine treatment and to determine whether there was any difference according to the phase of the moon when the treatment was applied. MATERIAL AND METHODS This self-controlled study was conducted in Karabuk between 2014 and 2016. Patients who were diagnosed with migraine were enrolled in the study. Migraine disability assessment questionnaire (MIDAS), demographic characteristics, migraine attack frequency and duration, and family history was used to assess the severity of headache...
December 29, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276130/-reproductive-behavior-of-the-green-birdmouth-wrasse-gomphosus-caeruleus-on-a-reunion-island-reef-mode-of-reproduction-environmental-factors-and-reproductive-strategy-alternation
#5
Thomas Desvignes, Philippe Bourjon, Bruno Chanet
The green birdmouth wrasse Gomphosus caeruleus is present all year round on the coral reefs of Reunion Island (Indian Ocean). A group of individuals was followed on one of these reefs with the objective of studying the reproduction mode of the species, the influence of environmental factors, and social behaviors on the control of reproduction. Our observations revealed that G. caeruleus is, like many Labridae, a protogynous hermaphrodite species, probably diandric, that the reproduction of G. caeruleus is, like in other reef fish species, influenced by the lunar cycle with a peak of reproductive activity during waxing gibbous phase, and that G...
December 21, 2017: Comptes Rendus Biologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273971/stereological-study-of-developing-glomerular-forms-during-human-fetal-kidney-development
#6
Marija Dakovic Bjelakovic, Slobodan Vlajkovic, Aleksandar Petrovic, Marko Bjelakovic, Milorad Antic
BACKGROUND: Human fetal kidney development is a complex and stepwise process. The number, shape, size and distribution of glomeruli provide important information on kidney organization. The aim of this study was to quantify glomerular developing forms during human fetal kidney development using stereological methods. METHODS: Kidney tissue specimens of 40 human fetuses with gestational ages ranging from 9 to 40 weeks were analyzed. Specimens were divided into eight groups based on gestational age, each corresponding to 1 lunar month...
December 23, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239987/body-composition-of-women-s-ice-hockey-players-comparison-of-estimates-using-skinfolds-and-idxa
#7
Kajsa Gilenstam, Christina A Geithner
The purpose of this study was to compare percent fat (% Fat) estimates from anthropometric equations using skinfolds (SKF) in women's ice hockey players to estimates obtained from Lunar iDXA. Data were collected on 19 elite female Swedish hockey players (mean age ± SD = 18.4 ± 2.4 y). Four skinfolds (SKF) (triceps, abdominal, suprailiac, and thigh) were measured within two hours of iDXA assessments. The % Fat estimates from iDXA and four anthropometric equations were compared using paired t-tests, and a one-way ANOVA was used to compare % Fat estimates from the anthropometric equations...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235617/-predictors-of-seizure-related-injuries-in-adult-patients-with-epilepsy-in-colombia-a-case-control-study
#8
J P Orozco-Hernandez, J F Quintero-Moreno, C Duque-Salazar, A Gil-Restrepo, J William-Martinez, A Lizcano-Meneses, H Carmona-Villada
AIM: To identify predictors of seizure related injuries in adult patients with epilepsy in Colombia. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Case-control study. Patients with a diagnosis of epilepsy aged 16 years and older who attended the Neurocentro epilepsy center between 2013-2016 and were attended by a specialist in epilepsy were included. Patients with seizure related injuries were defined as the case. The control group was conformed by those without seizure related injuries...
December 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230208/ramadan-fasting-exerts-immunomodulatory-effects-insights-from-a-systematic-review
#9
Mohammad Adawi, Abdulla Watad, Stav Brown, Khadija Aazza, Hicham Aazza, Mohamed Zouhir, Kassem Sharif, Khaled Ghanayem, Raymond Farah, Hussein Mahagna, Stefano Fiordoro, Samir Giuseppe Sukkar, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Naim Mahroum
Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar and is observed by Muslims as a month of fasting. All Muslim adults are expected to fast; nevertheless certain subgroups, including sick, frail subjects, and pregnant women, among others, are exempted. Ramadan fasting has been shown to impact on body systems in different manners. The influence of Ramadan fasting on immune system regulation remains elusive; however, immune system changes, such as the modulation of body response to various infectious, stressful, and other harmful events, are of great interest during fasting...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219364/lorentz-symmetry-violations-from-matter-gravity-couplings-with-lunar-laser-ranging
#10
A Bourgoin, C Le Poncin-Lafitte, A Hees, S Bouquillon, G Francou, M-C Angonin
The standard-model extension (SME) is an effective field theory framework aiming at parametrizing any violation to the Lorentz symmetry (LS) in all sectors of physics. In this Letter, we report the first direct experimental measurement of SME coefficients performed simultaneously within two sectors of the SME framework using lunar laser ranging observations. We consider the pure gravitational sector and the classical point-mass limit in the matter sector of the minimal SME. We report no deviation from general relativity and put new realistic stringent constraints on LS violations improving up to 3 orders of magnitude previous estimations...
November 17, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198554/research-on-rat-s-pulmonary-acute-injury-induced-by-lunar-soil-simulant
#11
Yan Sun, Jin-Guo Liu, Yong-Chun Zheng, Chun-Ling Xiao, Bing Wan, Li Guo, Xu-Guang Wang, Wei Bo
BACKGROUND: The steps to the moon never stopped after the Apollo Project. Lessons from manned landings on the moon have shown that lunar dust has great influence on the health of astronauts. In this paper, comparative studies between the lunar soil simulant (LSS) and PM2.5 were performed to discover their harm to human biological systems and explore the methods of prevention and treatment of dust poisoning for future lunar manned landings. METHODS: Rats were randomly divided into the control group, two CAS-1 lunar soil simulant groups (tracheal perfusion with 7 mg and 0...
November 30, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195407/a-large-ion-beam-device-for-laboratory-solar-wind-studies
#12
Zach Ulibarri, Jia Han, Mihály Horányi, Tobin Munsat, Xu Wang, Guy Whittall-Scherfee, Li Hsia Yeo
The Colorado Solar Wind Experiment is a new device constructed at the Institute for Modeling Plasma, Atmospheres, and Cosmic Dust at the University of Colorado. A large cross-sectional Kaufman ion source is used to create steady state plasma flow to model the solar wind in an experimental vacuum chamber. The plasma beam has a diameter of 12 cm at the source, ion energies of up to 1 keV, and ion flows of up to 0.1 mA/cm2. Chamber pressure can be reduced to 4 × 10-5 Torr under operating conditions to suppress ion-neutral collisions and create a monoenergetic ion beam...
November 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194198/latanoprostene-bunod-0-024-in-subjects-with-open-angle-glaucoma-or-ocular-hypertension-pooled-phase-3-study-findings
#13
Robert N Weinreb, Jeffrey M Liebmann, Keith R Martin, Paul L Kaufman, Jason L Vittitow
PURPOSE: To compare the diurnal intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering effect of latanoprostene bunod (LBN) 0.024% with timolol maleate 0.5% in subjects with open-angle glaucoma (OAG) or ocular hypertension (OHT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Pooled analysis of two phase 3, randomized, multicenter, double-masked, parallel-group, noninferiority trials (APOLLO and LUNAR), each with open-label safety extension phases. Adults with OAG or OHT were randomized 2:1 to double-masked treatment with LBN once daily (qd) or timolol twice daily (bid) for 3 months followed by open-label LBN treatment for 3 (LUNAR) or 9 (APOLLO) months...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190676/effects-of-serum-25-hydroxyvitamind-level-on-decreased-bone-mineral-density-at-femoral-neck-and-total-hip-in-chinese-type-2-diabetes
#14
Liting Guo, Zhihong Gao, Huanqi Ge
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study is to observe the levels of serum 25-hydroxyvitaminD (25OHD), parathyroid hormone and bone mineral density (BMD) in type 2 diabetes as well as to analyze the correlationship between 25OHD level and BMD. METHODS: The subjects included 368 type 2 diabetic patients, ages ranged 40-79 years and 300 non-diabetic control subjects matched for age, gender and body mass index. The serum 25OHD concentration, parathyroid hormone level and BMDs value at lumbar spine (L1-L4), femoral neck, total hip and total body were measured...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138307/microdiversity-of-an-abundant-terrestrial-bacterium-encompasses-extensive-variation-in-ecologically-relevant-traits
#15
Alexander B Chase, Ulas Karaoz, Eoin L Brodie, Zulema Gomez-Lunar, Adam C Martiny, Jennifer B H Martiny
Much genetic diversity within a bacterial community is likely obscured by microdiversity within operational taxonomic units (OTUs) defined by 16S rRNA gene sequences. However, it is unclear how variation within this microdiversity influences ecologically relevant traits. Here, we employ a multifaceted approach to investigate microdiversity within the dominant leaf litter bacterium, Curtobacterium, which comprises 7.8% of the bacterial community at a grassland site undergoing global change manipulations. We use cultured bacterial isolates to interpret metagenomic data, collected in situ over 2 years, together with lab-based physiological assays to determine the extent of trait variation within this abundant OTU...
November 14, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109545/the-lunar-core-can-be-a-major-reservoir-for-volatile-elements-s-se-te-and-sb
#16
Edgar S Steenstra, Yanhao Lin, Dian Dankers, Nachiketa Rai, Jasper Berndt, Sergei Matveev, Wim van Westrenen
The Moon bears a striking compositional and isotopic resemblance to the bulk silicate Earth (BSE) for many elements, but is considered highly depleted in many volatile elements compared to BSE due to high-temperature volatile loss from Moon-forming materials in the Moon-forming giant impact and/or due to evaporative loss during subsequent magmatism on the Moon. Here, we use high-pressure metal-silicate partitioning experiments to show that the observed low concentrations of volatile elements sulfur (S), selenium (Se), tellurium (Te), and antimony (Sb) in the silicate Moon can instead reflect core-mantle equilibration in a largely to fully molten Moon...
November 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104451/quantifying-the-3-dimensional-shape-of-lunar-regolith-particles-using-x-ray-computed-tomography-and-scanning-electron-microscopy-at-sub-%C3%AE-resolution
#17
Ann N Chiaramonti, Jay D Goguen, Edward J Garboczi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Microscopy and Microanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092488/a-spinner-magnetometer-for-large-apollo-lunar-samples
#18
M Uehara, J Gattacceca, Y Quesnel, C Lepaulard, E A Lima, M Manfredi, P Rochette
We developed a spinner magnetometer to measure the natural remanent magnetization of large Apollo lunar rocks in the storage vault of the Lunar Sample Laboratory Facility (LSLF) of NASA. The magnetometer mainly consists of a commercially available three-axial fluxgate sensor and a hand-rotating sample table with an optical encoder recording the rotation angles. The distance between the sample and the sensor is adjustable according to the sample size and magnetization intensity. The sensor and the sample are placed in a two-layer mu-metal shield to measure the sample natural remanent magnetization...
October 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080754/bovine-chronic-besnoitiosis-in-a-calf-characterization-of-a-novel-b-besnoiti-isolate-from-an-unusual-case-report
#19
C Diezma-Díaz, A Jiménez-Meléndez, M Fernández, D Gutiérrez-Expósito, P García-Lunar, L M Ortega-Mora, J A Pérez-Salas, J Blanco-Murcia, I Ferre, G Álvarez-García
Bovine besnoitiosis, caused by the apicomplexan Besnoitia besnoiti, is a chronic and debilitating disease characterized by cutaneous and systemic manifestations that primarily affects adult beef cattle. Previous studies have reported that clinical besnoitiosisis is rare in calves. However, we isolated B. besnoiti from a chronically infected calf for the first time. The identity of the Besnoitia species was determined after parasite isolation and molecular genotyping. According to the results obtained in vitro the new isolate, named as Bb-Spain3, was characterized in a reproducible in vitro model and was categorized as a low invader and low prolific isolate with a slower lytic cycle compared to Bb-Spain 1 isolate...
November 30, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075573/clinimetrics-of-the-upright-motor-control-test-in-chronic-stroke
#20
Frances Rom M Lunar, Edward James R Gorgon, Rolando T Lazaro
INTRODUCTION: Insufficient literature exists regarding the clinimetric properties of the Upright Motor Control Test Knee Extension and Flexion subtests (UMCT-KE and UMCT-KF, respectively). This study examined the interrater and test-retest reliability of these subtests, and determined the relationship between the UMCT-KE and a clinical measure of muscle function in a sample of adults with chronic stroke. METHODS: Three raters independently administered the UMCT-KE and UMCT-KF on adults with chronic stroke with spasticity/abnormal movement patterns...
October 2017: Brain and Behavior
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