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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724978/economic-factors-influencing-zoonotic-disease-dynamics-demand-for-poultry-meat-and-seasonal-transmission-of-avian-influenza-in-vietnam
#1
Alexis Delabouglise, Marc Choisy, Thang D Phan, Nicolas Antoine-Moussiaux, Marisa Peyre, Ton D Vu, Dirk U Pfeiffer, Guillaume Fournié
While climate is often presented as a key factor influencing the seasonality of diseases, the importance of anthropogenic factors is less commonly evaluated. Using a combination of methods - wavelet analysis, economic analysis, statistical and disease transmission modelling - we aimed to explore the influence of climatic and economic factors on the seasonality of H5N1 Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza in the domestic poultry population of Vietnam. We found that while climatic variables are associated with seasonal variation in the incidence of avian influenza outbreaks in the North of the country, this is not the case in the Centre and the South...
July 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724931/assessing-the-shock-state-of-the-lunar-highlands-implications-for-the-petrogenesis-and-chronology-of-crustal-anorthosites
#2
J F Pernet-Fisher, K H Joy, D J P Martin, K L Donaldson Hanna
Our understanding of the formation and evolution of the primary lunar crust is based on geochemical systematics from the lunar ferroan anorthosite (FAN) suite. Recently, much effort has been made to understand this suite's petrologic history to constrain the timing of crystallisation and to interpret FAN chemical diversity. We investigate the shock histories of lunar anorthosites by combining Optical Microscope (OM) 'cold' cathodoluminescence (CL)-imaging and Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy analyses...
July 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720182/ground-reaction-forces-during-reduced-gravity-running-in-parabolic-flight
#3
Peter Cavanagh, Andrea Rice, Molly Glauberman, Amanda Sudduth, Arien Cherones, Shane Davis, Michael Lewis, Andrea Hanson, Grier Wilt
BACKGROUND: Treadmills have been employed as both a form of exercise and a countermeasure to prevent changes in the musculoskeletal system on almost all NASA missions and many Russian missions since the early Space Shuttle flights. It is possible that treadmills may also be part of exercise programs on future Mars missions and that they may be a component of exercise facilities in lunar or Martian habitats. METHODS: In order to determine if the ambient gravity on these destinations will provide osteogenic effects while performing exercise on a treadmill, ground reactions forces (GRFs) were measured on eight subjects (six women and two men) running at 6 mph during parabolic flight in Martian and lunar gravity conditions...
August 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711467/retrospective-study-of-jellyfish-envenomation-in-emergency-wards-in-guadeloupe-between-2010-and-2016-when-to-diagnose-irukandji-syndrome
#4
Djoudi Bouyer-Monot, Stéphane Pelczar, Serge Ferracci, Denis Boucaud-Maitre
BACKGROUND: In Guadeloupe (French West Indies), many marine envenomation cases by jellyfish are observed. Some of them might induce an Irukandji syndrome (IS). The aim of this study was to analyse the clinical features of IS from the envenomation cases in the two public hospitals in Guadeloupe, and to compare them to non-IS stings. METHODS: All jellyfish envenomation cases between the 1st of January 2010 and the 1st of September 2016, from the emergencies data-base, have been extracted...
July 13, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699573/the-first-jewish-astronomers-lunar-theory-and-reconstruction-of-a-dead-sea-scroll
#5
Eshbal Ratzon
Argument The Astronomical Book of Enoch describes the passage of the moon through the gates of heaven, which stand at the edges of the earth. In doing so, the book describes the position of the rising and setting of the moon on the horizon. Otto Neugebauer, the historian of ancient science, suggested using the detailed tables found in later Ethiopic texts in order to reconstruct the path of the moon through the gates. This paper offers a new examination of earlier versions of the Astronomical Book, using a mathematical analysis of the figures and astronomical theories presented throughout the Aramaic Astronomical Book; the results fit both the data preserved in the scrolls and the mathematical approach and religious ideology of the scroll's authors better than the details found in the late Ethiopic texts...
June 2017: Science in Context
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693882/bone-density-and-cross-sectional-geometry-of-the-proximal-femur-are-bilaterally-elevated-in-elite-cricket-fast-bowlers
#6
Matthew J Lees, Clive B Beggs, Matthew J Barlow, Zoe H Rutherford, Kunwar Bansil, Lisa Gannon, Karen Hind
The skeleton of a cricket fast bowler is exposed to a unique combination of gravitational and torsional loading in the form of substantial ground reaction forces delivered through the front landing foot, and anterior-posterior shear forces mediated by regional muscle contractions across the lumbo-pelvic region. The objectives of this study were to compare the hip structural characteristics of elite fast bowlers with recreationally active age-matched controls, and to examine unilateral bone properties in fast bowlers...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693587/human-presence-impacts-fungal-diversity-of-inflated-lunar-mars-analog-habitat
#7
A Blachowicz, T Mayer, M Bashir, T R Pieber, P De León, K Venkateswaran
BACKGROUND: An inflatable lunar/Mars analog habitat (ILMAH), simulated closed system isolated by HEPA filtration, mimics International Space Station (ISS) conditions and future human habitation on other planets except for the exchange of air between outdoor and indoor environments. The ILMAH was primarily commissioned to measure physiological, psychological, and immunological characteristics of human inhabiting in isolation, but it was also available for other studies such as examining its microbiological aspects...
July 11, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692015/the-association-between-particulate-matter-air-pollution-and-respiratory-health-in-elderly-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#8
Yanhui Hao, Jing Zhao, Kan Wang, Nannan Feng, Pin Sun, Renjie Chen, Bin Han, Zhipeng Bai, Yiliang Zhu, Ying Gao, Zhao-Lin Xia
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between respiratory health and particulate matter (PM) air pollution in elderly type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) pre-, during, and post-the Chinese Lunar New Year (CLNY) holiday in Shanghai, China. METHODS: We conducted repeated measurements of lung function and inflammation biomarker in a cohort consisted of 60 participants with T2DM. RESULTS: Decreased PM2.5 exposure had an effect on respiratory health by increasing in forced expiratory flow in 1 second (FEV1) and forced vital capacity (FVC)...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679485/body-mass-index-and-all-cause-mortality-among-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-findings-from-the-5-year-follow-up-of-the-madiabetes-cohort
#9
M A Salinero-Fort, F J San Andrés-Rebollo, P Gómez-Campelo, C de Burgos-Lunar, J Cárdenas-Valladolid, J C Abánades-Herranz, A Otero-Puime, R Jiménez-García, A López-de-Andrés, J M de Miguel-Yanes
PURPOSE: To analyse the association between body mass index (BMI) and all-cause mortality in a 5-year follow-up study with Spanish type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients, seeking gender differences. METHODS: 3443 T2DM outpatients were studied. At baseline and annually, patients were subjected to anamnesis, a physical examination, and biochemical tests. Data about demographic and clinical characteristics was also recorded, as was the treatment each patient had been prescribed...
July 2, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675305/express-multivariate-curve-resolution-alternating-least-squares-mcr-als-with-raman-imaging-applied-to-lunar-meteorites
#10
Joseph Paul Smith, Frank C Smith, Karl Booksh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Applied Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659604/long-term-monitoring-of-dolphin-biosonar-activity-in-deep-pelagic-waters-of-the-mediterranean-sea
#11
Francesco Caruso, Giuseppe Alonge, Giorgio Bellia, Emilio De Domenico, Rosario Grammauta, Giuseppina Larosa, Salvatore Mazzola, Giorgio Riccobene, Gianni Pavan, Elena Papale, Carmelo Pellegrino, Sara Pulvirenti, Virginia Sciacca, Francesco Simeone, Fabrizio Speziale, Salvatore Viola, Giuseppa Buscaino
Dolphins emit short ultrasonic pulses (clicks) to acquire information about the surrounding environment, prey and habitat features. We investigated Delphinidae activity over multiple temporal scales through the detection of their echolocation clicks, using long-term Passive Acoustic Monitoring (PAM). The Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare operates multidisciplinary seafloor observatories in a deep area of the Central Mediterranean Sea. The Ocean noise Detection Experiment collected data offshore the Gulf of Catania from January 2005 to November 2006, allowing the study of temporal patterns of dolphin activity in this deep pelagic zone for the first time...
June 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642011/comparison-of-indian-council-for-medical-research-and-lunar-databases-for-categorization-of-male-bone-mineral-density
#12
Surya K Singh, Vivek Patel, Balram Gupta
The mainstay of diagnosis of osteoporosis is dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scan measuring areal bone mineral density (BMD) (g/cm(2)). The aim of the present study was to compare the Indian Council of Medical Research database (ICMRD) and the Lunar ethnic reference database of DXA scans in the diagnosis of osteoporosis in male patients. In this retrospective study, all male patients who underwent a DXA scan were included. The areal BMD (g/cm(2)) was measured at either the lumbar spine (L1-L4) or the total hip using the Lunar DXA machine (software version 8...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641686/a-case-study-of-human-roll-tilt-perception-in-hypogravity
#13
Torin K Clark, Laurence R Young
BACKGROUND: Increased gravito-inertial acceleration, or hypergravity, such as produced in a centrifuge or in an aircraft coordinated turn, causes humans to systematically overestimate their roll tilt in the dark. This is known as the "G-excess" illusion. We have previously modified a mathematical observer model of dynamic orientation perception to replicate these illusory tilt perceptions. This modified model also made a novel, previously untested, prediction that humans would underestimate acute roll tilt in reduced gravitational environments (hypogravity)...
July 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638719/abnormal-amplitude-of-low-frequency-fluctuations-and-functional-connectivity-of-resting-state-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-patients-with-leukoaraiosis
#14
Rongchuan Cheng, Honglin Qi, Yong Liu, Shifu Zhao, Chuanming Li, Chen Liu, Jian Zheng
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to investigate the cerebral function deficits in patients with leukoaraiosis (LA) and the correlation with white matter hyperintensity (WMH) using functional MRI (fMRI) technology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight patients with LA and 30 volunteers were enrolled in this study. All patients underwent structural MRI and resting-state functional MRI (rs-fMRI) scanning. The amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations (ALFF) of rs-fMRI signals for the two groups was compared using two-sample t tests...
June 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630482/circadian-and-circatidal-clocks-control-the-mechanism-of-semilunar-foraging-behaviour
#15
James F Cheeseman, Rachel M Fewster, Michael M Walker
How animals precisely time behaviour over the lunar cycle is a decades-old mystery. Experiments on diverse species show this behaviour to be endogenous and under clock control but the mechanism has remained elusive. We present new experimental and analytical techniques to test the hypotheses for the semilunar clock and show that the rhythm of foraging behaviour in the intertidal isopod, Scyphax ornatus, can be precisely shifted by manipulating the lengths of the light/dark and tidal cycles. Using light T-cycles (Tcd) the resultant semilunar beat period undergoes shifts from 14...
June 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617520/abnormal-spontaneous-brain-activity-in-patients-with-anisometropic-amblyopia-using-resting-state-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#16
Angcang Tang, Taolin Chen, Junran Zhang, Qiyong Gong, Longqian Liu
PURPOSE: To explore the abnormality of spontaneous activity in patients with anisometropic amblyopia under resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (Rs-fMRI). METHODS: Twenty-four participants were split into two groups. The anisometropic amblyopia group had 10 patients, all of whom had anisometropic amblyopia of the right eye, and the control group had 14 healthy subjects. All participants underwent Rs-fMRI scanning. Measurement of amplitude of low frequency fluctuations of the brain, which is a measure of the amplitudes of spontaneous brain activity, was used to investigate brain changes between the anisometropic amblyopia and control groups...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596216/effect-of-ischemia-duration-and-protective-interventions-on-the-temporal-dynamics-of-tissue-composition-after-myocardial-infarction
#17
Rodrigo Fernández-Jiménez, Carlos Galan-Arriola, Javier Sanchez-Gonzalez, Jaume Aguero, Gonzalo Lopez-Martin, Sandra Gomez-Talavera, Jaime Garcia-Prieto, Austin Benn, Antonio de Molina, Manuel Barreiro-Perez, Ana Martin-Garcia, Ines Garcia-Lunar, Gonzalo Pizarro, Javier Sanz, Pedro Sánchez, Valentin Fuster, Borja Ibanez
Rationale: The impact of cardioprotective strategies and ischemia duration on post ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) myocardial tissue composition (edema, myocardium at risk [MaR], infarct size [IS], salvage, intramyocardial hemorrhage [IMH] and microvascular obstruction [MVO]) is not well understood. Objective: To study the effect of ischemia duration and protective interventions on the temporal dynamics of myocardial tissue composition in a translational animal model of I/R by the use of state-of-the-art imaging technology...
June 8, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594864/consistency-in-the-supply-of-larval-fishes-among-coral-reefs-in-french-polynesia
#18
Marc Besson, Camille Gache, Rohan M Brooker, Rakamaly Madi Moussa, Viliame Pita Waqalevu, Moana LeRohellec, Vincent Jaouen, Kévin Peyrusse, Cécile Berthe, Frédéric Bertucci, Hugo Jacob, Christophe Brié, Bruno Wan, René Galzin, David Lecchini
For marine fishes with a bipartite life cycle, pelagic larval dispersal can shape the distribution, connectivity, composition and resilience of adult populations. Numerous studies of larval dispersal, and associated settlement and recruitment processes, have examined the relationship between population connectivity and oceanographic features. However, relatively little is known about spatial and temporal variation in the abundance of larvae settling among different reefs and the extent to which the species assemblage of larvae settling at one location is reflective of the assemblage in neighbouring areas...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587174/chang-e-5t-orbit-determination-using-onboard-gps-observations
#19
Xing Su, Tao Geng, Wenwen Li, Qile Zhao, Xin Xie
In recent years, Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) has played an important role in Space Service Volume, the region enclosing the altitudes above 3000 km up to 36,000 km. As an in-flight test for the feasibility as well as for the performance of GNSS-based satellite orbit determination (OD), the Chinese experimental lunar mission Chang'E-5T had been equipped with an onboard high-sensitivity GNSS receiver with GPS and GLONASS tracking capability. In this contribution, the 2-h onboard GPS data are evaluated in terms of tracking performance as well as observation quality...
June 1, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580510/bone-mineral-density-at-femoral-neck-and-lumbar-spine-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-a-meta-analysis-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
V N Shah, K K Harrall, C S Shah, T L Gallo, P Joshee, J K Snell-Bergeon, W M Kohrt
We performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the femoral neck and lumbar spine bone mineral density (BMD) in adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D) compared with controls. Adults with T1D have modestly lower BMD at femoral neck and lumbar spine than adults without diabetes. INTRODUCTION: Fracture risk is four to sixfold higher in adults with T1D. Since BMD is one of the major contributors for fracture risk, we performed a meta-analysis to evaluate differences in femoral neck and lumbar spine BMD between adults with T1D and controls...
June 3, 2017: Osteoporosis International
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