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Jessica Henoch, Armin Auch, Fatima Diab, Klaus Eichele, Hartmut Schubert, Peter Sirsch, Theresa Block, Rainer Pöttgen, Lars Wesemann
1,1'-Dilithioferrocene was reacted with 2 equiv of isopropyl (Ar*) or methyl (Ar') substituted terphenyl tin(II) chloride. Reaction product 1, carrying the bulkier terphenyl substituent Ar*, displays a bis(stannylene) structure in the solid state without formation of a tin-tin bond. Temperature-dependent solution119 Sn NMR spectroscopy, however, revealed a dynamic interplay between bis(stannylene) (100 °C) and cyclic distannene (-80 °C). In contrast to 1, the less bulky Ar' substituent results in a cyclic distannene 2...
March 21, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
Milagros Castellanos, Almudena Torres-Pardo, Rosa Rodríguez-Pérez, María Gasset
Acid proteins capable of nucleating Ca2+ and displaying aggregation capacity play key roles in the formation of calcium carbonate biominerals. The helix-loop helix EF-hands are the most common Ca2+ -binding motifs in proteins. Calcium is bound by the loop region. These motifs are found in many proteins that are regulated by calcium. Gad m 1, an Atlantic cod β-parvalbumin isoform, is a monomeric EF-hand protein that acts as a Ca2+ buffer in fish muscle; the neutral and acid apo-forms of this protein can form amyloids...
March 20, 2018: Biomolecules
María Lovato, José Real Buffelli, Mariana Abrile, Carlos Martín
The application of conventional physicochemical and microbiological techniques for the removal of organic pollutants has limitations for its utilization on wastewaters as landfill leachates because of their high concentration of not easily biodegradable organic compounds. The use of ozone-based technologies is an alternative and complementary treatment for this type of wastewaters. This paper reports the study of the degradation of landfill leachates from different stages of a treatment plant using ozone and ozone + UV...
March 19, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Ireen Vieweg, Eider Bilbao, James P Meador, Ibon Cancio, Morgan Lizabeth Bender, Miren P Cajaraville, Jasmine Nahrgang
Polar cod is an abundant Arctic key species, inhabiting an ecosystem that is subjected to rapid climate change and increased petroleum related activities. Few studies have investigated biological effects of crude oil on lipid metabolism in this species, despite lipids being a crucial compound for Arctic species to adapt to the high seasonality in food abundance in their habitat. This study examines the effects of dietary crude oil exposure on transcription levels of genes related to lipid metabolism (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors [ppar-α, ppar-γ], retinoic X receptor [rxr-β], palmitoyl-CoA oxidase [aox1], cytochrome P4507A1 [cyp7α1]), reproduction (vitellogenin [vtg-β], gonad aromatase [cyp19a1]) and biotransformation (cytochrome P4501A1 [cyp1a1], aryl hydrocarbon receptor [ahr2])...
March 16, 2018: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
Xufeng Fei, Wanzhen Chen, Shuqing Zhang, Qingmin Liu, Zhonghao Zhang, Qing Pei
BACKGROUND: Incidences of thyroid cancer (TC) have been increasing worldwide in recent decades. In this research, we aimed to analyze the spatiotemporal pattern of TC and explore relevant environmental risk factors in Hangzhou (HZ), which is rapidly urbanizing and home to the highest TC incidence in China. METHODS: Spatial scan statistic was employed to analyze the spatiotemporal pattern of TC in HZ from 2008 to 2012. The geographically weighted regression model (GWR) was implemented to explore environmental risk factors...
March 3, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
M X Lima, K Q Carvalho, F H Passig, A C Borges, T C Filippe, J C R Azevedo, A Nagalli
The present study aimed to assess removal potential of chemical oxygen demand (COD), total Kjeldahl nitrogen (TKN), total ammonia nitrogen (TAN), total phosphorus (TP) and acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) in synthetic wastewater simulating low-strength sewage by sequencing-batch mode constructed wetlands (CWs). Six CWs with three substrates (gravel, light expanded clay and clay bricks) and one CW of each substrate was planted with E. crassipes to verify the feasibility of using a floating macrophyte in CWs and verify the best optimized substrate...
March 3, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Jun Gu, Qin Yang, Yu Liu
The conventional biological processes for municipal wastewater are facing the challenges of high energy consumption and production of excessive sludge. To address these two emerging issues, this study demonstrated the feasibility to integrate mainstream anammox into an A-2B process for municipal wastewater treatment towards energy-efficient operation with reduced sludge production. In the proposed A-2B process, an anaerobic fixed bed reactor (AFBR) served as A-stage for COD capture, an anammox moving bed biofilm reactor (MBBR) was employed as B2-stage, which received effluent containing nitrite from a sequencing batch reactor (SBR) at B1-stage...
February 21, 2018: Water Research
Valeria Prigione, Bruno Trocini, Federica Spina, Anna Poli, Davide Romanisio, Samuele Giovando, Giovanna Cristina Varese
Tannins are a complex family of polyphenolic compounds, widely distributed in the plant kingdom where they act as growth inhibitors towards many microorganisms including bacteria, yeasts, and fungi. Tannins are one of the major components of tannery wastewaters and may cause serious environmental pollution. In the present study, four different tannins (the hydrolysable chestnut ellagitannin and tara gallotannin and the condensed quebracho and wattle tannins) were characterized from a mycological point of view with the aim of selecting fungal strains capable of growing in the presence of high tannin concentration and thus potentially useful in industrial biotransformations of these compounds or in the bioremediation of tannery wastewaters...
March 18, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Hardaway Chun-Kwan Chan, Weeraya Ka-Yan Ho, Patrick Shu-Hang Yung
Background/Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of sprint cycling training on the intermittent run performance, sprinting speed, and change of direction (COD) ability of recreational intermittent sports athletes. Methods: Sixteen participants participated in the study. The experimental group (EG, n = 8) received a total of 12 sessions of sprint cycling training in a 4-week period and the control group (CG, n = 8) received no training. Both EG and CG were instructed to maintain their daily activity during the 4-week period...
January 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation and Technology
He-Shan Zheng, Wan-Qian Guo, Qu-Li Wu, Nan-Qi Ren, Jo-Shu Chang
Hospital wastewater is one of the possible sources responsible for antibiotic resistant bacteria spread into the environment. This study proposed a promising strategy, electro-peroxone (E-peroxone) pretreatment followed by a sequencing batch reactor (SBR) for simulated hospital wastewater treatment, aiming to enhance the wastewater treatment performance and to reduce antibiotic resistance genes production simultaneously. The highest chemical oxygen demand (COD) and total organic carbon (TOC) removal efficiency of 94...
March 15, 2018: Environment International
Qing Feng, Young-Chae Song, Yongtae Ahn
The role of anaerobic microorganisms suspended in the bulk solution on methane production was investigated in a bioelectrochemical anaerobic reactor with the electrode polarized at 0.5 V. The electron transfer from substrate to methane and hydrogen were 25% and 7.5%, respectively, in the absence of the anaerobic microorganisms in the bulk solution. As the anaerobic microorganisms increased to 4400 mg/L, the electrons transferred to methane increased to 83.3% but decreased to 0.3% in hydrogen. The electroactive microorganisms (EAM), including exoelectrogens and electrotrophs, enriched in the bulk solution that confirmed by the redox peaks in the cyclic voltammogram was proportional to the anaerobic microorganism...
March 8, 2018: Bioresource Technology
P Buffière, M Dooms, S Hattou, H Benbelkacem
The role of the hydrolytic stage in high solids temperature phased anaerobic digestion was investigated with a mixture of cattle slurry and maize silage with variable ratios (100, 70 and 30% volatile solids coming from cattle slurry). It was incubated for 48 h at 37, 55, 65 and 72 °C. Soluble chemical oxygen demand and biochemical methane potential were measured at 0, 24 and 48 h. Higher temperatures improved the amount of solubilized COD, which confirmed previously reported results. Nevertheless, solubilization mostly took place during the first 24 h...
March 8, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Recep Kaan Dereli, Xiaofei Wang, Frank P van der Zee, Jules B van Lier
The impact of nitrogen on biological performance and sludge filterability of anaerobic membrane bioreactors was investigated in two lab-scale cross-flow anaerobic membrane bioreactors that were fed with cheese whey at two different COD:TKN ratios (50 and 190). Nitrogen deprivation adversely affected the biological treatment performance and reactor stability, as indicated by volatile fatty acids accumulation. On the other hand, nitrogen (urea) supplementation resulted in a reduced sludge median particle size and decreased sludge filterability...
March 7, 2018: Water Research
Ali Bulent Cankaya, Kemal Tekin, Hasan Kiziltoprak, Sevilay Karahan, Pelin Yilmazbas
PURPOSE: To quantify normative corneal optical density (COD) values of healthy individuals and to investigate alterations in the COD in relation to their ocular and demographic characteristics. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, cross-sectional, and observational. METHODS: In total, 588 eyes from 588 healthy participants with clear corneas were consecutively enrolled. Corneal densitometry values expressed in standardized grayscale units (GSU) from different corneal layers and zones obtained using the rotating Pentacam Scheimpflug system were analyzed...
March 16, 2018: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
Wei Zheng, Zhenya Zhang, Rui Liu, Zhongfang Lei
A lab-scale intermittently aerated sequencing batch reactor (IASBR) was applied to treat anaerobically digested swine wastewater (ADSW) to explore the removal characteristics of veterinary antibiotics. The removal rates of 11 veterinary antibiotics in the reactor were investigated under different chemical organic demand (COD) volumetric loadings, solid retention times (SRT) and ratios of COD to total nitrogen (TN) or COD/TN. Both sludge sorption and biodegradation were found to be the major contributors to the removal of veterinary antibiotics...
March 2018: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Wei Xing, Jinlong Li, Peng Li, Chong Wang, Yanan Cao, Desheng Li, Yunfeng Yang, Jizhong Zhou, Jiane Zuo
Hydrogenotrophic denitrification is promising for tertiary nitrogen removal from municipal wastewater. To reveal the influence of residual organics in municipal wastewater on hydrogenotrophic denitrifiers, we adopted high-throughput 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing to examine microbial communities in hydrogenotrophic denitrification enrichments. Using effluent from a municipal wastewater treatment plant as water source, COD, nitrate and pH were controlled the same except for a gradient of biodegradable carbon (i...
March 2018: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Yan Wu, Yun Kang, Liqiu Zhang, Dan Qu, Xiang Cheng, Li Feng
In this study, direct contact membrane distillation (DCMD) was used for treating fermentation wastewater with high organic concentrations. DCMD performance characteristics including permeate flux, permeate water quality as well as membrane fouling were investigated systematically. Experimental results showed that, after 12hr DCMD, the feed wastewater was concentrated by about a factor of 3.7 on a volumetric basis, with the permeate flux decreasing from the initial 8.7L/m2 /hr to the final 4.3L/m2 /hr due to membrane fouling; the protein concentration in the feed wastewater was increased by about 3...
March 2018: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Edna M S Oliveira, Francisco R Silva, Crislânia C O Morais, Thiago Mielle B F Oliveira, Carlos A Martínez-Huitle, Artur J Motheo, Cynthia C Albuquerque, Suely S L Castro
This study investigated the anodic oxidation of phenolic wastewater generated by cashew-nut processing industry (CNPI) using active (Ti/RuO2 -TiO2 ) and inactive (boron doped diamond, BDD) anodes. During electrochemical treatment, various operating parameters were investigated, such as current density, chemical oxygen demand (COD), total phenols, O2 production, temperature, pH, as well as current efficiency and energy consumption. After electrolysis under optimized working conditions, samples were evaluated by chromatography and toxicological tests against L...
February 9, 2018: Chemosphere
Jiade Wang, Tian Zhang, Yu Mei, Bingjun Pan
Reverse osmosis concentrate (ROC) of printing and dyeing wastewater remains as a daunting environmental issue, which is characterized by high salinity, chemical oxygen demand (COD), chroma and low biodegradability. In this study electro-oxidation process (PbO2 /Ti electrode) coupled with oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) online monitor was applied to treat such a ROC effluent. The results show that with the increase of specific electrical charge (Qsp ), the removal efficiencies of COD, TN and chroma increased significantly at the incipience and then reached a gentle stage; the optimal total current efficiency (12...
March 8, 2018: Chemosphere
S R Geed, Sachin Prasad, M K Kureel, R S Singh, B N Rai
The isolated microbial Alcaligenes sp. S3 from the agricultural field was used for the biodegradation of synthetic wastewater containing atrazine. This study was conducted in an alternating aerobic-anoxic lab scale pilot plant. The performance of continuously operated pilot plant was evaluated in three different phases with varying atrazine concentration. The best performance of plant was observed in phase-II. The atrazine (200 mg/L) having COD value 1356 mg/L was used with varying flow rate and 90.56% COD removal was obtained at a flow rate of 300 mL/h on 122th day of operation...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
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