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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918461/ethnic-differences-in-maternal-near-miss
#1
Karayna Gil Fernandes, Renato Teixeira Souza, Maria Carmo Leal, Erly C Moura, Leonor M Santos, Jose Guilherme Cecatti
PURPOSE: To evaluate the association between ethnic differences and the occurrence of maternal near miss (MNM) in the Amazon and Northeast regions of Brazil. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of a national cross-sectional study focused on the assessment of care to pregnancy, childbirth, and infants under 1 year of age. Ethnicity was classified as white, black or indigenous. Ethnic distribution by state and region, the proportion of severe maternal complications and related procedures, and the prevalence of MNM and its criteria were calculated for the ethnic groups...
September 16, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917208/prenatal-exposure-to-perfluoroalkyl-substances-and-birth-outcomes-in-a-spanish-birth-cohort
#2
Cyntia B Manzano-Salgado, Maribel Casas, Maria-Jose Lopez-Espinosa, Ferran Ballester, Carmen Iñiguez, David Martinez, Olga Costa, Loreto Santa-Marina, Eva Pereda-Pereda, Thomas Schettgen, Jordi Sunyer, Martine Vrijheid
BACKGROUND: Prenatal perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) exposure has been associated with reduced birth weight but maternal glomerular filtration rate (GFR) may attenuate this association. Further, this association remains unclear for other perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), such as perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHxS), and perfluorononanoate (PFNA). We estimated associations between prenatal PFAS exposure and birth outcomes, and the influence of GFR, in a Spanish birth cohort...
September 13, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917206/maternal-and-infant-outcomes-following-third-trimester-exposure-to-marijuana-in-opioid-dependent-pregnant-women-maintained-on-buprenorphine
#3
Alane B O'Connor, Brandon K Kelly, Liam M O'Brien
BACKGROUND: To determine whether maternal and infant outcomes are associated with exposure to marijuana during the third trimester in a population of opioid dependent pregnant women maintained on buprenorphine. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study of 191 maternal-infant dyads exposed to buprenorphine during pregnancy examines a variety of variables including gestational age, birthweight, method of delivery, Apgar scores at one and five minutes, duration of infant hospital stay, peak neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) score, duration of NAS and incidence of pharmacologic treatment of NAS in infants exposed to marijuana during the third trimester as compared to infants not exposed to marijuana during the third trimester...
September 7, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917205/prenatal-ddt-exposure-and-child-adiposity-at-age-12-the-chamacos-study
#4
Marcella Warner, Morgan Ye, Kim Harley, Katherine Kogut, Asa Bradman, Brenda Eskenazi
OBJECTIVE: Using data from the Center for the Health Assessment of Mothers and Children of Salinas (CHAMACOS) birth cohort study, we assessed the association of in utero exposure to dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) and dichlorodiphenylethylene (DDE) with child adiposity at age 12. METHODS: We included 240 children with o,p'-DDT, p,p'-DDT, and p,p'-DDE concentrations measured in maternal serum collected during pregnancy (ng/g lipid) and complete 12-year follow-up data...
September 12, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916949/the-latina-birth-weight-paradox-the-role-of-subjective-social-status
#5
Jill Fleuriet, Thankam Sunil
The purpose of this project was to quantitatively test differences in subjective social status scores between non-pregnant and pregnant women to determine the role of subjective social status in birth weight variation between Mexico-born and US-born Mexican-American women. Six hundred low-income pregnant and non-pregnant Mexican immigrant and Mexican-American women in south Texas were surveyed for subjective social status, depression, perceived social stress, parity, and pregnancy intendedness. Psychosocial health variables, parity, and pregnancy intendedness were included due to their significant associations with low birth weight...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916786/early-maternal-mirroring-predicts-infant-motor-system-activation-during-facial-expression-observation
#6
Holly Rayson, James John Bonaiuto, Pier Francesco Ferrari, Lynne Murray
Processing facial expressions is an essential component of social interaction, especially for preverbal infants. In human adults and monkeys, this process involves the motor system, with a neural matching mechanism believed to couple self- and other-generated facial gestures. Here, we used electroencephalography to demonstrate recruitment of the human motor system during observation and execution of facial expressions in nine-month-old infants, implicating this system in facial expression processing from a very young age...
September 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916245/tetanus-diphtheria-and-acellular-pertussis-vaccination-during-pregnancy-and-reduced-risk-of-infant-acute-respiratory-infections
#7
Zeina G Khodr, Anna T Bukowinski, Gia R Gumbs, Ava Marie S Conlin
BACKGROUND: To protect infants from pertussis infection, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends women receive the tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine between 27 and 36weeks of pregnancy. Here, we assessed the association between timing of maternal Tdap vaccination during pregnancy and acute respiratory infection (ARI) in infants <2months of age. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 99,434 infants born to active duty military women in the Department of Defense Birth and Infant Health Registry from 2006 through 2013...
September 12, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916221/reduced-risk-of-peanut-sensitization-following-exposure-through-breast-feeding-and-early-peanut-introduction
#8
Tracy J Pitt, Allan B Becker, Moira Chan-Yeung, Edmond S Chan, Wade T A Watson, Rishma Chooniedass, Meghan B Azad
BACKGROUND: Recent trials have shown that avoiding peanuts during infancy increases the risk of peanut allergy; however, these studies did not address maternal peanut consumption. OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate the relationship between maternal peanut consumption while breast-feeding, timing of direct peanut introduction, and peanut sensitization at age 7 years. METHODS: Secondary analysis of a nested cohort within the 1995 Canadian Asthma Primary Prevention Study intervention study was performed...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915907/effect-of-a-mother-s-recorded-voice-on-emergence-from-general-anesthesia-in-pediatric-patients-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Seok Young Song, Sang Gyu Kwak, Eugene Kim
BACKGROUND: Emergence delirium is a behavioral disturbance after general anesthesia in children and may distress both the patients and the primary caregivers, such as parents and medical staff, looking after the patients. Various medical and emotional interventions have been investigated to reduce emergence delirium; however, none are completely effective. This trial intends to assess whether the mother's recorded voice can reduce this adverse post-anesthesia event and facilitate arousal from general anesthesia...
September 15, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915896/placental-malaria-and-its-effect-on-pregnancy-outcomes-in-sudanese-women-from-blue-nile-state
#10
Samia A Omer, Hagir E Idress, Ishag Adam, Mutasim Abdelrahim, Ali N Noureldein, Abdelrahim M Abdelrazig, Mohammed O Elhassan, Suad M Sulaiman
BACKGROUND: Malaria infection during pregnancy can result in placental malaria and is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes particularly among primigravidae. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and risk factors for placental malaria and its effect on pregnancy outcomes in Blue Nile state, Sudan. METHODS: A cross-sectional hospital-based study was conducted consecutively during January 2012-December 2015 in three main hospitals in Blue Nile State, Sudan...
September 16, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915858/risk-of-obstetric-anal-sphincter-injury-increases-with-maternal-age-irrespective-of-parity-a-population-based-register-study
#11
Ulla Waldenström, Cecilia Ekéus
BACKGROUND: Obstetric anal sphincter injury (OASI) is a rare but serious outcome of vaginal birth. Based on concerns about the increasing number of women who commence childbearing later than previous generation, this study aimed at investigating age-related risk of OASI in women of different parity. METHODS: A population-based register study including 959,559 live singleton vaginal births recorded in the Swedish Medical Birth Register 1999 to 2011. In each parity group risks of OASI at age 25-29 years, 30-34 years, and ≥35 years compared with age < 25 years were investigated by logistic regression analyses, adjusted for year of birth, education, region of birth, smoking, Body Mass Index, infant birthweight and fetal presentation; and in parous women, history of OASI and cesarean section...
September 15, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915850/-love-me-parents-impact-evaluation-of-a-national-social-and-behavioral-change-communication-campaign-on-maternal-health-outcomes-in-tanzania
#12
Michelle R Kaufman, Jennifer J Harman, Marina Smelyanskaya, Jennifer Orkis, Robert Ainslie
BACKGROUND: Despite marked improvements over the last few decades, maternal mortality in Tanzania remains among the world's highest at 454 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births. Many factors contribute to this disparity, such as a lack of attendance at antenatal care (ANC) services and low rates of delivery at a health facility with a skilled provider. The Wazazi Nipendeni (Love me, parents) social and behavioral change communication campaign was launched in Tanzania in 2012 to improve a range of maternal health outcomes, including individual birth planning, timely ANC attendance, and giving birth in a healthcare facility...
September 15, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915426/intravenous-dexamethasone-as-an-adjunct-to-improve-labor-analgesia-a-randomized-double-blinded-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#13
Pratibha Dube, Sukanya Mitra, Jasveer Singh, Richa Saroa, Reeti Mehra
OBJECTIVE: To study the role of intravenous (i.v.) dexamethasone as an analgesic adjunct in labor analgesia. DESIGN: Double-blinded randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Labor analgesia in a tertiary-care teaching hospital. PATIENTS: Eighty consenting ASA I-II parturients, age>18year, nulliparous, single gestation, cephalic presentation at ≥36 wk. of gestation, in early spontaneous labor (cervical dilatation≤5cm) requesting epidural analgesia...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914984/hypercalcemic-disorders-in-children
#14
REVIEW
Victoria J Stokes, Morten F Nielsen, Fadil M Hannan, Rajesh V Thakker
Hypercalcemia is defined as a serum calcium concentration that is greater than 2 standard deviations above the normal mean, which in children may vary with age and sex, reflecting changes in the normal physiology at each developmental stage. Hypercalcemic disorders in children may present with hypotonia, poor feeding, vomiting, constipation, abdominal pain, lethargy, polyuria, dehydration, failure to thrive and seizures. In severe cases renal failure, pancreatitis and reduced consciousness may also occur and older children and adolescents may present with psychiatric symptoms...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914636/dietary-intervention-for-preventing-food-allergy-in-children
#15
Yichao Wang, Katrina J Allen, Jennifer J Koplin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In the past decade, food allergy has been increasingly recognized as an important public health issue. The role of maternal and infant diet in the development of food allergy has been a major focus of research throughout this period. Recently, research in this area has moved from observational studies to intervention trials, and the findings from these trials have started to influence infant feeding guidelines. In this article, we review recent studies of dietary interventions for preventing food allergy, summarize current knowledge and discuss future research directions...
September 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914240/comparison-of-candida-species-isolated-from-children-with-and-without-early-childhood-caries-a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study
#16
M S Beena, Faizal C Peedikayil, M B GufranAfmed, T P Chandru, K Soni, N Dhanesh
BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries (ECC) is characterized by the presence of one or more decayed, missing (due to caries), or filled teeth surfaces in any primary tooth, in a child below 6 years of age. Although ECC is primarily associated with high levels of maternal Streptococcus mutans, there has been an increased interest in finding the relationship between oral fungal flora and dental caries. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to identify and characterize the Candida species and to compare the candidal isolates in children with ECC and without ECC...
October 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913834/which-children-and-young-people-are-excluded-from-school-findings-from-a-large-british-birth-cohort-study-the-avon-longitudinal-study-of-parents-and-children-alspac
#17
A Paget, C Parker, J Heron, S Logan, W Henley, A Emond, T Ford
BACKGROUND: Exclusion from school is increasingly recognized as pertinent to child health. National educational data reveal that boys, children who are looked-after, living in poverty, have special educational needs, or from certain ethnic minorities, are disproportionately excluded from school. As population-based data on the wider characteristics of excluded children are scarce, we aimed to describe predictors of school exclusion in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children...
September 14, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913687/non-atherosclerotic-vascular-disease-in-women
#18
REVIEW
Lee Joseph, Esther S H Kim
Takayasu arteritis, fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD), spontaneous arterial dissection, Raynaud's phenomenon, and chilblains are vascular conditions that are associated with an increased predisposition in women and are often underdiagnosed. Takayasu arteritis has an incidence rate of 2.6 cases per million individuals per year in the USA and predominantly affects women of childbearing age. HLA-B5 genetic locus is linked with Takayasu arteritis susceptibility. Methods to determine active disease are limiting; currently utilized clinical and imaging findings and laboratory tests are of limited value for this purpose...
September 14, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913147/summary-of-2185-prenatal-invasive-procedures-in-a-single-center-a-retrospective-analysis
#19
Hüseyin Çağlayan Özcan, Mete Gürol Uğur, Seyhun Sucu, Aynur Mustafa, Neslihan Bayramoğlu Tepe, Özcan Balat
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency, indications, and outcomes of diagnostic invasive prenatal procedures (DIPP) performed in a university hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective, observational study included 2185 cases of DIPP (chorionic villus sampling, amniocentesis, and cordocentesis) performed at the department of obstetrics and gynecology of a university hospital between 2010 and 2016. We included all DIPP cases performed between 11 and 24 weeks of gestation...
June 2017: Turk J Obstet Gynecol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913132/the-incidence-risk-factors-and-mortality-of-preterm-neonates-a-prospective-study-from-jordan-2012-2013
#20
Nadin M Abdel Razeq, Yousef S Khader, Anwar M Batieha
OBJECTIVE: To explore the incidence of preterm delivery, maternal risk factors for having a preterm neonate, and preterm neonates' mortality in Jordan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional population-based design was applied. Socio-demographic, perinatal, delivery risk factors, and survival information were gathered in pre- and post-hospital discharge interviews with 21075 women who gave birth to live neonates at ≥20 weeks of gestation in 18 hospitals in Jordan...
March 2017: Turk J Obstet Gynecol
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