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Domestic violence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636746/evaluation-of-the-parent-report-inventory-of-callous-unemotional-traits-in-a-sample-of-children-recruited-from-intimate-partner-violence-services-a-multidimensional-rasch-analysis
#1
Shelby Elaine McDonald, Lin Ma, Kathy E Green, Stephanie A Hitti, Anna M Cody, Courtney Donovan, James Herbert Williams, Frank R Ascione
OBJECTIVE: Our study applied multidimensional item response theory (MIRT) to compare structural models of the parent-report version of the Inventory of Callous and Unemotional Traits (ICU; English and North American Spanish translations). METHOD: A total of 291 maternal caregivers were recruited from community-based domestic violence services and reported on their children (77.9% ethnic minority; 47% female), who ranged in age from 7 to 12 years (mean = 9.07, standard deviation = 1...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635417/suicide-attempts-among-individuals-with-specific-learning-disorders-an-underrecognized-issue
#2
Esme Fuller-Thomson, Samara Z Carroll, Wook Yang
Several studies have linked specific learning disorders (SLDs) with suicidal ideation, but less is known about the disorders' association with suicide attempts. This gap in the literature is addressed via the 2012 nationally representative Canadian Community Health Survey ( n = 21,744). The prevalence of lifetime suicide attempts among those with an SLD was much higher than those without (11.1% vs. 2.7%, p < .001). In comparison with their peers without SLDs, adults with SLDs had 46% higher odds of having ever attempted suicide, even after adjusting for most known risk factors (e...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633419/is-a-health-interview-survey-an-appropriate-tool-to-assess-domestic-violence
#3
Sabine Drieskens, Stefaan Demarest, Nicola D'Hoker, Barbara Ortiz, Jean Tafforeau
The aim of this study is to assess if a Health Interview Survey (HIS) targeting the general population is an appropriate tool to collect valid data on domestic violence. Studying item non-response on the question on domestic violence and its association with socio-demographic and health characteristics compared with victims of domestic violence can contribute to this. Cross-sectional data from the Belgian HIS 2013 were analysed. A question whether the perpetrator of a violent event was a member of the respondents' household was embedded in a general topic on violence in the self-administered questionnaire...
June 14, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626280/children-s-executive-function-in-a-cps-involved-sample-effects-of-cumulative-adversity-and-specific-types-of-adversity
#4
Leslie E Roos, Hyoun K Kim, Simone Schnabler, Philip A Fisher
Prior research has identified the presence of executive function (EF) deficits in child protective service (CPS) involved (versus non-involved) children but minimal work has examined predictors that might explain individual differences within these CPS-involved children. Here, we sought to characterize EF in a large sample (N=694) of CPS-involved children and examine how specific adversities (physical abuse, neglect, caregiver domestic violence, and caregiver substance dependence) and cumulative adversity (at ages 0-3 and 3-6 years) predict EF (at approximately 5-6 years)...
December 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616441/is-firearm-threat-in-intimate-relationships-associated-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-among-women
#5
Tami P Sullivan, Nicole H Weiss
In the context of intimate partner violence (IPV), firearms may be used to threaten, coerce, and intimidate. Yet, what little research exists on firearms among IPV victims has focused almost exclusively on homicide or near homicide. Thus, the deleterious health consequences of firearms more broadly remain unknown. The goals of the current study were (1) to document the prevalence of firearm threat in a community sample of female IPV victims, and (2) to identify the extent to which threat with a firearm, independent of other forms of IPV, is related to women's posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom severity...
June 1, 2017: Violence and Gender
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609690/what-do-we-know-about-child-abuse-and-neglect-patterns-of-co-occurrence-a-systematic-review-of-profiling-studies-and-recommendations-for-future-research
#6
REVIEW
Agata Debowska, Dominic Willmott, Daniel Boduszek, Adele D Jones
Latent class (LCA) and latent profile (LPA) analysis represent methodological approaches to identify subgroups of maltreated individuals. Although research examining child abuse and neglect (CAN) profiles is still rare, the application of person-centered techniques to clarify CAN types co-occurrence has substantially increased in recent years. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to provide a summary and critical evaluation of the findings of LCA/LPA child maltreatment research to: (a) systemize the current understanding of patterns of maltreatment across populations and (b) elucidate interactive effects of CAN types on psychosocial functioning...
June 10, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605684/child-maltreatment-as-a-function-of-cumulative-family-risk-findings-from-the-intensive-family-preservation-program
#7
Irina Patwardhan, Kristin Duppong Hurley, Ronald W Thompson, Walter A Mason, Jay L Ringle
This study examined child maltreatment as a function of cumulative family risk in a sample of at-risk families (N=837) who were referred to an intensive family preservation program because of child behavior problems or suspected child abuse and neglect. The goal of this intensive family preservation program is to improve parenting skills and reduce immediate family stressors that may lead to an increased risk of child abuse and neglect. The findings indicate that the most prominent family risks comprising the cumulative risk scale in our sample were socio-economic disadvantage (e...
June 9, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603149/implementing-and-evaluating-a-counseling-program-in-partnership-with-a-community-based-domestic-violence-service-provider
#8
Michael J Van Wert, Samantha Illangasekare, Jerome Chelliah, Laurie McNeil, Sarah C Smith, Michelle Pentony, Meaghan Tarquinio, Andrea Gielen
BACKGROUND: Given the burden of intimate partner violence (IPV), effective counseling interventions that are accessible to women in their own communities are needed. OBJECTIVES: To describe the collaborative process of implement ing and evaluating a new counseling program for IPV-the Women's Initiative for Safety and Health (WISH)-in a community setting and present results of its Thrst pilot test. METHODS: WISH is a stage-tailored, eight-session counseling program based on the transtheoretical model...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595090/associations-between-motor-proficiency-in-children-with-history-of-maltreatment-and-living-in-social-economically-vulnerability
#9
Rodrigo Flores Sartori, Paulo Felipe Ribeiro Bandeira, Glauber Carvalho Nobre, Maria Helena da Silva Ramalho, Nadia Cristina Valentini
Maltreatment and living in poor socioeconomic conditions during childhood may implicate in deficits on motor proficiency, nevertheless, the literature on this issue is still scarce. The goal of the study was to investigate the possible associations among manual dexterity, aiming and catching tasks, and balance tasks for children who suffers maltreatment and lived in social vulnerability. Eighty-two (82) children (08-09 years old) participated in the study. Forty-one (41) belong to the (SEV-M Group) children living in social economic vulnerability and were previously maltreated (lived in foster homes as results of parental neglect and domestic violence), and 41 belong to the (SEV Group) children living in social economical vulnerability with no history of childhood maltreatment...
June 5, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594617/a-disclosure-scheme-for-protecting-the-victims-of-domestic-violence
#10
Richard Griffith
Richard Griffith, Senior Lecturer in Health Law at Swansea University, explains how the Domestic Violence Disclosure Scheme aims to protect potential victims by allowing disclosure of a partner's previous crimes.
June 8, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591305/association-between-domestic-violence-and-women-s-quality-of-life
#11
Kerle Dayana Tavares de Lucena, Rodrigo Pinheiro de Toledo Vianna, João Agnaldo do Nascimento, Hemílio Fernandes Coelho Campos, Elaine Cristina Tôrres Oliveira
Objective: to analyze the association between domestic violence against women and quality of life. Method: a cross-sectional population-based household survey conducted with women 18 years and older, using a stratified sample by neighborhoods. For analysis, prevalence of domestic violence and quality of life index was verified and logistic regression was used to determine associations, with a significance level of 5%. Results: 424 women who had a prevalence of domestic violence of 54...
June 5, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588988/how-prevention-of-violence-in-childhood-builds-healthier-economies-and-smarter-children-in-the-asia-and-pacific-region
#12
Deborah Fry, Stephen Blight
Investments in preventing violence against children in the Asia and Pacific region will bring important social and economic returns that contribute to building the region's 'cognitive capital'. An analysis of burden of violence research in the region is presented to identify the impacts of violence and to demonstrate these returns. Violence is an everyday experience in the lives of many children in the Asia-Pacific, and the toxic stress associated with such routine forms of violence may permanently impact the architecture and chemistry of the developing brain...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586637/association-between-severe-dental-caries-and-child-abuse-and-neglect
#13
Henk Sillevis Smitt, Jenny de Leeuw, Tjalling de Vries
PURPOSE: In their maxillofacial practice, the authors have encountered some children with severe dental caries whose teeth had to be removed; many later appeared to be abused children. The authors hypothesized that in the group of children who underwent multiple tooth extractions for caries under general anesthesia, a larger percentage would be found to be abused compared with the normal population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The authors identified children who underwent multiple tooth extractions under general anesthesia in a well-defined region in the Netherlands in 2005 and 2006...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585989/contemplative-activities-in-undergraduate-nursing-courses
#14
Elizabeth Ann Fiske
BACKGROUND: Affective learning is valued in nursing, but it is often difficult to plan and evaluate learning activities in this domain. Contemplative activities can promote learning and are relatively easy to implement. These activities can promote deep, reflective thinking. METHOD: A variety of contemplative activities were used in undergraduate nursing courses. Students participated in and reflected on a vigil promoting domestic violence awareness. They attended two different art exhibits and related these exhibits to nursing...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585486/narrative-literature-review-health-activity-and-participation-issues-for-women-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#15
Kate O'Reilly, Nathan Wilson, Kath Peters
OBJECTIVE: This narrative review will draw attention to the current limitations within the literature related to women following traumatic brain injury in order to stimulate discussion and inform future directions for research. BACKGROUND: There is a wide-ranging body of research about traumatic brain injury with the higher incidence of brain injury among males reflected in this body of work. As a result, the specific gendered issues facing women with traumatic brain injury are not as well understood...
June 6, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580675/school-nurse-delivered-adolescent-relationship-abuse-prevention
#16
Claire A Raible, Rebecca Dick, Fern Gilkerson, Cheryl S Mattern, Lisa James, Elizabeth Miller
BACKGROUND: Project Connect is a national program to build partnerships among public health agencies and domestic violence services to improve the health care sector response to partner and sexual violence. Pennsylvania piloted the first school nurse-delivered adolescent relationship abuse intervention in the certified school nurses' office setting. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of implementing this prevention intervention. METHODS: In 5 schools in Pennsylvania, school nurses completed a survey before and 1 year after receiving training on implementing the intervention as well as a phone interview...
July 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566970/parents-perceptions-about-child-abuse-and-their-impact-on-physical-and-emotional-child-abuse-a-study-from-primary-health-care-centers-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#17
Mohammed N Al Dosari, Mazen Ferwana, Imad Abdulmajeed, Khaled K Aldossari, Jamaan M Al-Zahrani
OBJECTIVE: To determine perceptions of parents about child abuse, and their impact on physical and emotional child abuse. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred parents attending three primary health care centers (PHCCs) in Riyadh serving National Guard employes and their families, were requested to participate in this survey. Data was collected by self administered questionnaire. Five main risk factors areas/domains were explored; three were parent related (personal factors, history of parents' childhood abuse, and parental attitude toward punishment), and two were family/community effects and factors specific to the child...
May 2017: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562798/violence-against-children-and-adolescents-the-perspective-of-primary-health-care
#18
Diene Monique Carlos, Elisabete Matallo Marchesini de Pádua, Maria das Graças Carvalho Ferriani
Objective: To analyze the care provided by Basic Health Units (BHU) to families involved in domestic intrafamily violence against children and adolescents. Method: Qualitative research, based on the Paradigm of Complexity. Data collection was performed with 41 professionals through focus groups and semi-structured interviews. Results: The following categories emerged from data analysis: 'Everything comes here', which reflects the legitimate place of BHUs for the population and the actions taken to build care for families; and 'We only do what is really necessary', which brings the look to violence still based on the positivist and biomedical paradigm...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558498/from-systematic-review-to-call-for-action
#19
Erika Metzler Sawin, Linda L Sobel, Sandra L Annan, Donna L Schminkey
INTRODUCTION: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a global public health and criminal justice concern with significant impacts; especially high rates are seen among rural Hispanic American (HA) communities, the fastest growing population in the United States. They experience additional barriers to care including extreme poverty, lesser education, gender norms, and language and immigration issues. METHOD: A systematic literature review was conducted using Cooper's framework to identify evidence supporting associations between interventions and prevention, reduction, and elimination of IPV among rural HA women...
June 2017: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554604/how-online-counselling-can-support-partners-of-individuals-with-problem-alcohol-or-other-drug-use
#20
Samara R Wilson, Simone Rodda, Dan I Lubman, Victoria Manning, Marie B H Yap
BACKGROUND: Problematic alcohol and other drug (AOD) use impacts partners heavily, with an increased risk of experiencing domestic violence, financial stressors, health problems and relationship challenges. However, partners often do not seek help or support due to a range of barriers (e.g., shame, stigma, practical constraints). Online counselling may facilitate help-seeking by overcoming many of these barriers, however research is needed to explore what motivates partners to contact online counselling services, their experiences and needs, and how partners can be best supported online...
July 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
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