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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732307/a-multisite-audit-to-assess-how-women-with-complex-social-factors-access-and-engage-with-maternity-services
#1
Hannah Rayment-Jones, Eleanor Butler, Chelsie Miller, Christine Nay, Jennifer O'Dowd
OBJECTIVE: to audit women with socially complex lives' documented access to and engagement with antenatal care provided by three inner city, UK maternity services in relation to birth and neonatal outcomes, and referral processes. BACKGROUND: women living socially complex lives, including young mothers, recently arrived immigrants, non-English speaking, and those experiencing domestic violence, poor mental health, drug and alcohol abuse, and poverty experience high rates of morbidity, mortality and poor birth outcomes...
June 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724743/improving-the-healthcare-response-to-domestic-violence-and-abuse-in-sexual-health-clinics-feasibility-study-of-a-training-support-and-referral-intervention
#2
Alex Hardip Sohal, Neha Pathak, Sarah Blake, Vanessa Apea, Judith Berry, Jayne Bailey, Chris Griffiths, Gene Feder
OBJECTIVES: Sexual health and gynaecological problems are the most consistent and largest physical health differences between abused and non-abused female populations. Sexual health services are well placed to identify and support patients experiencing domestic violence and abuse (DVA). Most sexual health professionals have had minimal DVA training despite English National Institute for Health and Care Excellence recommendations. We sought to determine the feasibility of an evidence-based complex DVA training intervention in female sexual health walk-in services (IRIS ADViSE: Identification and Referral to Improve Safety whilst Assessing Domestic Violence in Sexual Health Environments)...
July 19, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724431/biological-embedding-of-childhood-adversity-from-physiological-mechanisms-to-clinical-implications
#3
REVIEW
Anne E Berens, Sarah K G Jensen, Charles A Nelson
BACKGROUND: Adverse psychosocial exposures in early life, namely experiences such as child maltreatment, caregiver stress or depression, and domestic or community violence, have been associated in epidemiological studies with increased lifetime risk of adverse outcomes, including diabetes, heart disease, cancers, and psychiatric illnesses. Additional work has shed light on the potential molecular mechanisms by which early adversity becomes "biologically embedded" in altered physiology across body systems...
July 20, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713445/the-role-of-attitudes-to-and-the-frequency-of-domestic-violence-encounters-in-the-healthcare-professionals-handling-of-domestic-violence-cases
#4
Saša Zorjan, Urška Smrke, Lilijana Šprah
BACKGROUND: Domestic violence is recognized as a public health problem with a high prevalence in the general population. Healthcare professionals play an important role in the recognition and treatment of domestic violence. Hence, conducting research on factors that facilitate or inhibit appropriate actions by healthcare professionals is of the upmost importance. The objective of the study was to examine the relationship between healthcare professionals' attitudes toward the acceptability of domestic violence and their responses when dealing with victims of domestic violence...
September 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704078/domestic-violence-protection-measures
#5
Richard Griffith
In this article Richard Griffith, Senior Lecturer in Health Law at Swansea University, sets out the powers available to the police and court to protect people from domestic violence.
July 13, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703048/signs-of-domestic-abuse
#6
Lynne Pearce
Essential facts The government's definition of domestic violence and abuse, published in 2016 by the Home Office, is: 'Any incident or pattern of incidents of controlling, coercive, threatening behaviour, violence or abuse between those 16 years or over who are, or have been, intimate partners or family members, regardless of gender or sexuality.'
July 13, 2017: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701974/substance-use-among-adolescents-involved-in-bullying-a-cross-sectional-multilevel-study
#7
Jorge Gaete, Bernardita Tornero, Daniela Valenzuela, Cristian A Rojas-Barahona, Christina Salmivalli, Eduardo Valenzuela, Ricardo Araya
Being involved in bullying as a victim or perpetrator could have deleterious health consequences. Even though there is some evidence that bullies and victims of bullying have a higher risk for drug use, less is known about bystanders. The aim of this research was to study the association between bullying experience (as victims, bullies, or bystanders) and substance use. We gathered complete information from a nationally representative sample of 36,687 students (51.4% female) attending 756 schools in Chile. We used a self-reported questionnaire which was developed based on similar instruments used elsewhere...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700382/mandatory-reporting-of-intimate-partner-violence-an-ethical-dilemma-for-forensic-nurses
#8
Rosalyn M Walker
Nearly all states and provinces have laws mandating licensed healthcare professionals to report to law enforcement suspicions and allegations of the abuse of children, older adults, and disabled persons and all incidents of violence by a deadly weapon. However, a few states in the United States additionally mandate providers to report all injuries resultant from reported or suspected domestic/intimate partner violence. This can present a challenge to forensic nurses seeking to protect patient confidentiality and autonomy...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687475/double-jeopardy-predictors-of-elevated-lethality-risk-among-intimate-partner-violence-victims-seen-in-emergency-departments
#9
Laura Brignone, Anu Manchikanti Gomez
Many intimate partner homicide victims visit emergency departments (EDs) prior to their deaths, yet their lethality risk is not well understood. eHealth interventions for intimate partner violence (IPV) improve provider information, tailor care to victim need and link victims to services. We analyzed ED patients' lethality risk using one such intervention, Domestic Violence Report and Referral (DVRR). DVRR records were assessed for 263 female patients aged 16 and older seen for IPV at an urban, high-traffic, Northern California ED in 2014-15...
July 4, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684546/introducing-routine-enquiry-about-domestic-violence-in-a-paediatric-setting
#10
Nkiru Asiegbunam
Implementation of routine enquiry (RE) about domestic abuse in the multidisciplinary Evelina London Guys and St. Thomas Trust (GSTT) Community Health Services (CHS).
July 6, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668759/adverse-childhood-experiences-among-youth-reported-to-child-welfare-results-from-the-national-survey-of-child-adolescent-wellbeing
#11
Antonio R Garcia, Meera Gupta, Johanna K P Greeson, Allison Thompson, Christina DeNard
The negative influence of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) on social, emotional, and behavioral (SEB) outcomes are well documented. However, no research to date has examined the effect of ACEs on SEB outcomes in youth who received mental health services after reporting to the child welfare system. This study's analyses of data from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being II revealed that the most prevalent ACEs included hospitalization for a medical condition, neglect, and exposures to domestic and community violence...
June 29, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659213/breast-feeding-counselling-mitigates-the-negative-association-of-domestic-violence-on-exclusive-breast-feeding-duration-in-rural-bangladesh-the-minimat-randomized-trial
#12
Amy L Frith, Shirin Ziaei, Ruchira Tabassum Naved, Ashraful Islam Khan, Iqbal Kabir, Eva-Charlotte Ekström
OBJECTIVE: To determine if exclusive breast-feeding counselling modifies the association of experience of any lifetime or specific forms of domestic violence (DV) on duration of exclusive breast-feeding (EBF). DESIGN: In the MINIMat trial pregnant women were randomized to receive either usual health messages (UHM) or usual health messages with breast-feeding counselling (BFC) in eight visits. During pregnancy (30 weeks), lifetime experience of any or specific forms of DV was measured...
June 29, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653567/parental-health-and-psychosomatic-symptoms-in-preschool-children-a-cross-sectional-study-in-scania-sweden
#13
Marie Köhler, Maria Emmelin, Maria Rosvall
AIM: The aim of the study was to assess the association between parental self-rated health and recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) in preschool children. METHODS: A questionnaire, including questions about sociodemographic and psychosocial factors, lifestyle, parental and child health, was sent to parents of all 4-year-old children in Scania, Sweden. The response rate was 43.6%. The outcome was RAP and the main exposure was parental self-rated health (SRH). Covariates included sociodemographic, lifestyle and psychosocial factors...
June 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652862/dysfunctional-maltreatment-related-cognitions-in-children-and-adolescents
#14
Anke de Haan, Helene G Ganser, Annika Münzer, Andreas Witt, Lutz Goldbeck
BACKGROUND: Dysfunctional trauma-related cognitions correlate highly with chronic stress. Studies on maltreatment-related cognitions and their predictors in children and adolescents are rare. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 231 children aged 8-17 years who had experienced maltreatment including domestic violence, emotional abuse, neglect, physical, and sexual abuse. Using multiple linear regression analysis, gender, age, index-event, multi-type maltreatment, out-of-home-care, and migration background were investigated as possible predictors of dysfunctional maltreatment-related cognitions...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652821/hiv-risk-and-barriers-to-care-for-african-born-immigrant-women-a-sociocultural-outlook
#15
Olihe N Okoro, Shanasha O Whitson
BACKGROUND: Data from the Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report 2015 show that African-born (AB) women continue to be disproportionately affected by HIV. In 2015, these women accounted for more than half (54%) of all new cases of HIV reported among females in Minnesota and 34% of all known female cases in the state. This study was a needs assessment for HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in vulnerable subgroups within the AB population and adequacy of HIV care for AB persons...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650337/risk-factors-of-neonatal-mortality-in-faisalabad-pakistan
#16
Sajjad Haider Bhatti, Hiba Izzam Mamuna, Muhammad Aftab, Muhammad Aslam, Nosheen Aslam, Syed Muhammad Ali Shah, Hamad Ahmed, Muhammad Akram
The objective of study was to find out major correlates of neonatal mortality. The main focus was in determining the impact of different demographic and health related characteristics of neonates and their mothers. A planned questionnaire was prepared in order to collect the information from mothers of newborns. The data were collected from different public and private hospitals of Faisalabad district. Discharge condition of neonate (dead or alive) was taken as response. Binary logistic regression was applied in order to unveil the impact of different contributory factors on the chances of neonatal mortality...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650187/disentangling-the-risk-assessment-and-intimate-partner-violence-relation-estimating-mediating-and-moderating-effects
#17
Kirk R Williams, Richard Stansfield
To manage intimate partner violence (IPV), the criminal justice system has turned to risk assessment instruments to predict if a perpetrator will reoffend. Empirically determining whether offenders assessed as high risk are those who recidivate is critical for establishing the predictive validity of IPV risk assessment instruments and for guiding the supervision of perpetrators. But by focusing solely on the relation between calculated risk scores and subsequent IPV recidivism, previous studies of the predictive validity of risk assessment instruments omitted mediating factors intended to mitigate the risk of this behavioral recidivism...
June 26, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650186/incremental-prediction-of-intimate-partner-violence-an-examination-of-three-risk-measures
#18
Mark E Olver, Sandy Jung
Improvements in the risk prediction of domestic violence against intimate partners have the potential to inform policing practices in the prevention of further victimization. The present study examined the incremental predictive validity of 3 measures of risk for intimate partner violence (IPV)-Spousal Assault Risk Assessment (SARA), Ontario Domestic Assault Risk Assessment (ODARA), and the Family Violence Investigative Report (FVIR)-for IPV, general violence, and general recidivism outcomes. The sample featured 289 men and women who were reported to police for IPV and followed up approximately 3 years post release...
June 26, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648260/broadening-the-perspective-on-gun-violence-an-examination-of-the-firearms-industry-1990-2015
#19
Victoria M Smith, Michael Siegel, Ziming Xuan, Craig S Ross, Sandro Galea, Bindu Kalesan, Eric Fleegler, Kristin A Goss
INTRODUCTION: Firearm violence injures or kills 100,000 Americans each year. This paper applies the Host-Agent-Vector-Environment model to this issue. Research on firearm violence tends to focus on two elements-the host (i.e., victims of firearm violence) and the environment (i.e., gun policies)-but little attention has been paid to the agent (the gun and ammunition) or the vector (firearm manufacturers, dealers, and the industry lobby). METHODS: Using Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives data, trends in firearm manufacturing were investigated from 1990 to 2015...
June 17, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645242/factors-associated-with-visual-impairment-and-eye-care-utilization-the-international-mobility-in-aging-study
#20
Safari Balegamire, Marie-Josée Aubin, Carmen-Lucia Curcio, Beatriz Alvarado, Ricardo O Guerra, Alban Ylli, Nandini Deshpande, Maria-Victoria Zunzunegui
OBJECTIVE: To examine factors associated with visual impairment (VI) and eye care in the International Mobility in Aging Study (IMIAS). METHOD: IMIAS data were analyzed ( N = 1,995 with ages 65-74). Outcomes were VI defined as presenting visual acuity worse than 6/18 in the better eye and eye care utilization assessed by annual visits to eye care professionals. The Hurt-Insult-Threaten-Scream (HITS) questionnaire requested information on domestic violence. RESULTS: Among men, VI varied from 24% in Manizales (Colombia) to 0...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
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