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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435184/mining-electronic-health-records-data-domestic-violence-and-adverse-health-effects
#1
Gunnur Karakurt, Vishal Patel, Kathleen Whiting, Mehmet Koyutürk
Intimate partner violence (IPV) often culminates in acute physical injury, sexual assault, and mental health issues. It is crucial to understand the healthcare habits of victims to develop interventions that can drastically improve a victim's quality of life and prevent future abuse. The objective of this study is to mine de-identified and aggregated Electronic Health Record data to identify women's health issues that are potentially associated with IPV. In this study we compared health issues of female domestic abuse victims to female non-domestic abuse victims...
January 2017: Journal of Family Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431382/childhood-maltreatment-preceding-depressive-disorder-at-age-18-years-a-prospective-brazilian-birth-cohort-study
#2
Erika Alejandra Giraldo Gallo, Christian Loret De Mola, Fernando Wehrmeister, Helen Gonçalves, Christian Kieling, Joseph Murray
BACKGROUND: Childhood maltreatment is linked with increased risk for mental illness in adolescence and adulthood. However, little evidence is available on whether different forms of maltreatment have specific effects, and no prospective studies in low- or middle-income countries have addressed this issue. METHODS: Participants in a population-based, birth cohort study in Pelotas, Brazil (N=3715) self-reported exposure to maltreatment (emotional abuse, physical neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse, domestic violence) in confidential questionnaires at age 15 years, and were assessed for major depression in interviews at age 18 years, using the MINI...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423138/intimate-partner-violence-and-maternal-educational-practice
#3
Josianne Maria Mattos da Silva, Marília de Carvalho Lima, Ana Bernarda Ludermir
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to analyze the association between intimate partner violence against women and maternal educational practice directed to children at the beginning of formal education. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study, carried out between 2013 and 2014, with 631 mother/child pairs, registered in the Family Health Strategy of the Health District II of the city of Recife, State of Pernambuco, Brazil. It integrates a prospective cohort study designed to investigate the consequences of exposure to intimate partner violence in relation to the child who was born between 2005 and 2006...
April 10, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423137/psychometric-properties-of-the-vulnerability-to-abuse-screening-scale-for-screening-abuse-of-older-adults
#4
Raquel Batista Dantas, Graziella Lage Oliveira, Andréa Maria Silveira
OBJECTIVE: Adapt and evaluate the psychometric properties of the Vulnerability to Abuse Screening Scale to identify risk of domestic violence against older adults in Brazil. METHODS: The instrument was adapted and validated in a sample of 151 older adults from a geriatric reference center in the municipality of Belo Horizonte, State of Minas Gerais, in 2014. We collected sociodemographic, clinical, and abuse-related information, and verified reliability by reproducibility in a sample of 55 older people, who underwent re-testing of the instrument seven days after the first application...
April 10, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418415/-role-of-the-oral-care-provider-to-call-attention-to-child-abuse
#5
R J M Gruythuysen, J M Wiggelendam
The focus on child abuse has increased in recent years. In 2015, the Royal Dutch Association of Dentists (KNMT) revised the Sign Code 'child abuse and domestic violence'. The core of the Sign Code is formed by the compulsory 5-step action plan for the signalling of, among other things, (a suspicion of) child abuse that must be followed. Dealing professionally with child abuse places high demands on the knowledge and communication skills of the health care provider. If the demands are met, the health care provider is by law adequately protected against complaints...
April 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406345/not-your-typical-alcohol-accord-the-long-term-impact-of-a-voluntary-liquor-agreement-in-a-small-australian-town
#6
Richard Midford, John McKenzie, Rachel Mayhead
BACKGROUND: The town of Norseman introduced a Voluntary Liquor Agreement (voluntary restrictions on alcohol sales) in 2008, to reduce problematic drinking. This study examined its long-term impact. METHODS: Quantitative data on alcohol (cask wine, fortified wine, spirits) wholesale sales, hospital emergency visits and alcohol related offenses were compared from before to after the introduction of the restrictions. Qualitative interview data were collected from 10 key informants and from focus groups with Indigenous residents...
April 13, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403521/understanding-management-and-support-for-domestic-violence-and-abuse-dva-within-emergency-departments-a-systematic-literature-review-from-2000-to-2015
#7
REVIEW
Kathryn Hinsliff-Smith, Julie McGarry
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to identify, review and critically evaluate published empirical studies concerned with the prevalence, management and support for survivors of DVA who present at ED. BACKGROUND: DVA is a global phenomenon with a wealth of studies that explore the different aspects of the issue including the economic, social and health effects on survivors and on society as a whole. ED is widely recognised as one healthcare facility where DVA survivors will often disclose DVA...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394154/interrelationships-among-length-of-stay-in-a-domestic-violence-shelter-help-received-and-outcomes-achieved
#8
Cris M Sullivan, Tyler Virden
Survivors of intimate partner violence (IPV) have a variety of reasons for turning to domestic violence shelter programs. Some are seeking temporary respite and immediate safety while others are seeking longer term assistance to heal from their trauma and begin new lives. In line with these differing needs, some survivors only stay in shelter for a few days, while others may need to stay for months or even years. The current study involved secondary data analysis of an 8-state study that collected information from survivors shortly after they arrived in shelter and shortly before exit...
April 10, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392674/interventions-to-improve-the-response-of-professionals-to-children-exposed-to-domestic-violence-and-abuse-a-systematic-review
#9
William Turner, Marianne Hester, Jonathan Broad, Eszter Szilassy, Gene Feder, Jessica Drinkwater, Adam Firth, Nicky Stanley
Exposure of children to domestic violence and abuse (DVA) is a form of child maltreatment with short- and long-term behavioural and mental health impact. Health care professionals are generally uncertain about how to respond to domestic violence and are particularly unclear about best practice with regards to children's exposure and their role in a multiagency response. In this systematic review, we report educational and structural or whole-system interventions that aim to improve professionals' understanding of, and response to, DVA survivors and their children...
January 2017: Child Abuse Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385911/risk-factors-associated-with-current-intimate-partner-violence-at-individual-and-relationship-levels-a-cross-sectional-study-among-married-rural-migrant-women-in-shanghai-china
#10
Xiaowen Tu, Chaohua Lou
OBJECTIVE: To identify individual and relationship risk factors associated with current intimate partner violence (IPV) against married rural migrant women in Shanghai, China. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Two subdistricts of one administrative district, Shanghai, China. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 958 married rural migrant women of reproductive age were selected using a community-based two-stage cluster sampling method in April and May of 2010...
April 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384241/mental-ill-health-in-structural-pathways-to-women-s-experiences-of-intimate-partner-violence
#11
Mercilene T Machisa, Nicola Christofides, Rachel Jewkes
BACKGROUND: Depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and binge drinking are among mental health effects of child abuse and intimate partner violence (IPV) experiences among women. Emerging data show the potential mediating role of mental ill health in the relationship of child abuse and IPV. There is evidence that PTSD, depression and alcohol abuse are comorbid common mental disorders and that a bidirectional relationship exists between depression and IPV in some settings. Furthermore, the temporal direction in the relationship of alcohol abuse and women's IPV experiences from different studies is unclear...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379658/does-better-health-reduce-domestic-violence-and-illicit-drug-use
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: National Bureau of Economic Research Bulletin on Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370631/abuse-and-violence-in-families
#13
EDITORIAL
Denise Wilson, Rosa Maria Gonzalez-Guarda, Jacquelyn Campbell
Abuse and violence within families is both a global and gendered health issue (World Health Organization, 2013, 2014). In fact, one in every three women have experienced violence from an intimate partner in their lifetime, presenting equity, social justice and human rights concerns across the globe (García-Moreno, Jansen, Ellsberg, Heise, & Watts, 2005). Abuse and violence in families occurs in varying forms: intimate partner violence or maltreatment of children (often referred to as domestic violence), child to mother violence, or abuse of elder family members...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370603/the-feasibility-and-acceptability-of-a-population-level-antenatal-risk-factor-survey-cross-sectional-pilot-study
#14
Anna Mh Price, Hannah E Bryson, Fiona Mensah, Lynn Kemp, Lara Bishop, Sharon Goldfeld
AIM: Australian data on the prevalence and distribution of antenatal risk factors are scarce. This study aimed to investigate (i) the feasibility and acceptability of an antenatal risk factor survey collected in public settings and (ii) whether the survey risk factors co-occur with more sensitive risk factors that are privately asked by clinicians. METHODS: Design and setting: study-designed survey linked with clinician-collected risk factors. PARTICIPANTS: pregnant women attending antenatal clinics at two Victorian hospitals...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360794/a-case-of-skin-picking-disorder-of-a-patient-with-a-history-of-childhood-abuse
#15
Aslıhan Okan Ibiloğlu, Abdullah Atli, Mehmet Cemal Kaya, Süleyman Demir, Mahmut Bulut, Aytekin Sir
Skin picking (excoriation) disorder is the recurrent excoriation of one's own skin, resulting in noticeable skin damage. People pick their skin for different reasons. For the majority of patients, first skin picking is associated with a history of childhood abuse and personal problems. Subjects who moderately to severely cause injurious self-harm are more likely to have a history of exposure to domestic violence and childhood abuse than those who do not self-harm. At the same time, these conditions could be related to the etiology for majority of other psychiatric disorders...
June 2016: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360788/determinants-of-antenatal-psychological-distress-in-pakistani-women
#16
Zia Ud Din, Sadaf Ambreen, Zafar Iqbal, Mudassar Iqbal, Summiya Ahmad
INTRODUCTION: An increasing number of evidence has demonstrated that poor antenatal psychological health can lead to adverse pregnancy outcomes. Studies conducted in various countries demonstrated a wide range of factors associated with psychological distress during pregnancy. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted between September 2011 and December 2012 in Peshawar, north-west Pakistan. A total of 230 women in their third trimester of pregnancy fulfilled the inclusion criteria...
June 2016: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351880/preventing-peer-violence-against-children-methods-and-baseline-data-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-in-pakistan
#17
Judith McFarlane, Rozina Karmaliani, Hussain Maqbool Ahmed Khuwaja, Saleema Gulzar, Rozina Somani, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Yasmeen H Somani, Shireen Shehzad Bhamani, Ryan D Krone, Rene M Paulson, Atta Muhammad, Rachel Jewkes
BACKGROUND: Violence against and among children is a global public health problem that annually affects 50% of youth worldwide with major impacts on child development, education, and health including increased probability of major causes of morbidity and mortality in adulthood. It is also associated with the experience of and perpetration of later violence against women. The aim of this article is to describe the intervention, study design, methods, and baseline findings of a cluster randomized controlled trial underway in Pakistan to evaluate a school-based play intervention aiming to reduce peer violence and enhance mental health...
March 24, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351830/methodological-and-ethical-challenges-in-a-web-based-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-domestic-violence-intervention
#18
Laura Tarzia, Jodie Valpied, Jane Koziol-McLain, Nancy Glass, Kelsey Hegarty
The use of Web-based methods to deliver and evaluate interventions is growing in popularity, particularly in a health care context. They have shown particular promise in responding to sensitive or stigmatized issues such as mental health and sexually transmitted infections. In the field of domestic violence (DV), however, the idea of delivering and evaluating interventions via the Web is still relatively new. Little is known about how to successfully navigate several challenges encountered by the researchers while working in this area...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350510/a-qualitative-study-of-a-maintenance-support-program-for-women-at-risk-of-homelessness-part-3-societal-factors
#19
Rose McMaster, Violeta Lopez, Rachel Kornhaber, Michelle Cleary
Homelessness is a collective societal problem, and people who are homeless are often treated as society's underclass, stigmatised and excluded. These issues are often exacerbated among homeless people from countries other than the one in which they are currently living. In this paper we report findings from a qualitative study of homeless women, case managers and health professionals from a Maintenance Support Program and their personal accounts and insights into their experiences of the program. This paper presents the third and last sub-theme "societal factors" of the study where the overarching theme was "A life-changing event: I have the power to change...
March 28, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347151/dowry-related-domestic-violence-and-complex-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-a-case-report
#20
Manjula O'Connor
OBJECTIVES: This paper draws attention to the mental health impact of coercive practice of dowry demands, associated with domestic violence (DV) in an immigrant woman. METHODS: This study was based on a case report and selective literature review. RESULTS: This case history illustrates the serious mental health impacts of repeated emotional and physical trauma inflicted by a husband who was dissatisfied with his wife's dowry. Bio-psycho-social / cultural aspects of mental health treatments needed to be augmented with attention to safety, advocacy, and access to support networks...
March 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
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