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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905813/family-violence-prevention-and-services-programs-final-rule
#1
(no author information available yet)
This rule will better prevent and protect survivors of family violence, domestic violence, and dating violence, by clarifying that all survivors must have access to services and programs funded under the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act. More specifically, the rule enhances accessibility and non-discrimination provisions, clarifies confidentiality rules, promotes coordination among community-based organizations, State Domestic Violence Coalitions, States, and Tribes, as well as incorporates new discretionary grant programs...
November 2, 2016: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896986/network-map-of-adverse-health-effects-among-victims-of-intimate-partner-violence
#2
Kathleen Whiting, Larry Y Liu, Mehmet Koyutürk, Günnur Karakurt
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious problem with devastating health consequences. Screening procedures may overlook relationships between IPV and negative health effects. To identify IPV-associated women's health issues, we mined national, aggregated de-identified electronic health record data and compared female health issues of domestic abuse (DA) versus non-DA records, identifying terms significantly more frequent for the DA group. After coding these terms into 28 broad categories, we developed a network map to determine strength of relationships between categories in the context of DA, finding that acute conditions are strongly connected to cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, gynecological, and neurological conditions among victims...
2016: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893670/epidemiology-and-clinical-characteristics-of-traumatic-brain-injury-in-lebanon-a-systematic-review
#3
Hussein Abou-Abbass, Hisham Bahmad, Hiba Ghandour, Jawad Fares, Rayyan Wazzi-Mkahal, Basel Yacoub, Hala Darwish, Stefania Mondello, Hayat Harati, Mazen J El Sayed, Hani Tamim, Firas Kobeissy
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a debilitating medical and emerging public health problem that is affecting people worldwide due to a multitude of factors including both domestic and war-related acts. The objective of this paper is to systematically review the status of TBI in Lebanon - a Middle Eastern country with a weak health system that was chartered by several wars and intermittent outbursts of violence - in order to identify the present gaps in knowledge, direct future research initiatives and to assist policy makers in planning progressive and rehabilitative policies...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892240/domestic-violence-advisers-should-be-introduced-at-every-hospital-says-charity
#4
(no author information available yet)
Introducing specialist domestic abuse advisers in hospitals would help nurses provide better support to victims, a charity says.
November 23, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889563/parent-and-peer-pathways-linking-childhood-experiences-of-abuse-with-marijuana-use-in-adolescence-and-adulthood
#5
W Alex Mason, M Jean Russo, Mary B Chmelka, Roy C Herrenkohl, Todd I Herrenkohl
INTRODUCTION: The social developmental processes by which child maltreatment increases risk for marijuana use are understudied. This study examined hypothesized parent and peer pathways linking preschool abuse and sexual abuse with adolescent and adult marijuana use. METHODS: Analyses used data from the Lehigh Longitudinal Study. Measures included child abuse (physical abuse, emotional abuse, domestic violence, and neglect) in preschool, sexual abuse up to age 18, adolescent (average age=18years) parental attachment and peer marijuana approval/use, as well as adolescent and adult (average age=36years) marijuana use...
November 17, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889010/neuropsychiatric-aspects-of-concussion
#6
REVIEW
Rajiv Radhakrishnan, Amir Garakani, Lawrence S Gross, Marcia K Goin, Janet Pine, Andrew E Slaby, Calvin R Sumner, David A Baron
Over the past decade, concussion has become the most widely discussed injury in contact sports. However, concussions also occur in several other settings, such as non-contact sports, elderly individuals, young children, military personnel, and victims of domestic violence. Concussion is frequently undiagnosed as a cause of psychiatric morbidity, especially when the patient has no history of loss of consciousness or direct head trauma. Almost all of the extant literature focuses on traumatic brain injury and assumes that concussion is merely a mild form of traumatic brain injury, which has resulted in a lack of understanding about what concussion is, and how to diagnose, monitor, and treat its varied neuropsychiatric symptoms...
December 2016: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887668/meddling-with-middle-modalities-a-decomposition-approach-to-mental-health-inequalities-between-intersectional-gender-and-economic-middle-groups-in-northern-sweden
#7
Per E Gustafsson, Miguel San Sebastián, Paola A Mosquera
BACKGROUND: Intersectionality has received increased interest within population health research in recent years, as a concept and framework to understand entangled dimensions of health inequalities, such as gender and socioeconomic inequalities in health. However, little attention has been paid to the intersectional middle groups, referring to those occupying positions of mixed advantage and disadvantage. OBJECTIVE: This article aimed to 1) examine mental health inequalities between intersectional groups reflecting structural positions of gender and economic affluence and 2) decompose any observed health inequalities, among middle groups, into contributions from experiences and conditions representing processes of privilege and oppression...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884953/postpartum-domestic-violence-in-homes-with-young-children-the-role-of-maternal-and-paternal-drinking
#8
Elizabeth A Mumford, Weiwei Liu, Hannah Joseph
There has been limited investigation of mothers' drinking patterns and their experience of domestic abuse while parenting young children, especially in the context of co-resident fathers' drinking. Using data representative of the 2001 U.S. birth cohort, the authors conducted longitudinal latent class analyses of maternal drinking over four perinatal time points as predictors of maternal victimization at 2 years postpartum due to intimate partner violence. Women classified as higher risk drinkers over the study period faced significantly increased risk of physical abuse while parenting a 2-year-old child...
November 23, 2016: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884945/evaluation-of-european-domestic-violence-perpetrator-programmes-toward-a-model-for-designing-and-reporting-evaluations-related-to-perpetrator-treatment-interventions
#9
Sarah-Jane Lilley-Walker, Marianne Hester, William Turner
This article is based on a review of 60 evaluations (published and unpublished) relating to European domestic violence perpetrator programmes, involving 7,212 programme participants across 12 countries. The purpose of the review, part of the "IMPACT: Evaluation of European Perpetrator Programmes" project funded by the European Commission (Daphne III Programme), was to provide detailed knowledge about the range of European evaluation studies with particular emphasis on the design, methods, input, output, and outcome measures used in order to identify the possibilities and challenges of a multicountry, Europe-wide evaluation methodology that could be used to assess perpetrator programmes in the future...
November 24, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884508/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-behavioral-problems-in-middle-childhood
#10
Tenah K A Hunt, Lawrence M Berger, Kristen S Slack
Children who have been exposed to maltreatment and other adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are at increased risk for various negative adult health outcomes, including cancer, liver disease, substance abuse, and depression. However, the proximal associations between ACEs and behavioral outcomes during the middle childhood years have been understudied. In addition, many of the ACE studies contain methodological limitations such as reliance on retrospective reports and limited generalizability to populations of lower socioeconomic advantage...
November 21, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883207/interpersonal-psychological-theory-alexithymia-and-personality-predict-suicide-ideation-among-maladjusted-soldiers-in-taiwan
#11
Kai-Cheng Huang, Dong-Sheng Tzeng, Chi-Hung Lin, Wei-Ching Chung
This case-control study enrolled 226 maladjusted soldiers and 229 controls to investigate the impact of the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide, alexithymia, personality, and childhood trauma on suicide risk among Taiwanese soldiers. Assessments included the Toronto Alexithymia Scale, Eysenck Personality Inventory, Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview, and Brief Symptom Rating Scale. In addition to thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness, other risks included less extraversion with higher neuroticism, higher alexithymia, poor academic performance, domestic violence, and life-threatening events...
November 24, 2016: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882865/community-perceptions-on-domestic-violence-against-pregnant-women-in-nepal-a-qualitative-study
#12
Kunta Devi Pun, Jennifer J Infanti, Rajendra Koju, Berit Schei, Elisabeth Darj
BACKGROUND: Globally, knowledge of health sector options to respond to domestic violence during pregnancy is increasing, but this topic is under-investigated in Nepal. This gap affects the provision of adequate antenatal care services and understanding of factors that influence women's willingness and ability to use available services. It is critical to know more about the social norms in a community that promote and prevent women experiencing domestic violence from seeking antenatal care...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881163/assessing-the-feasibility-of-a-web-based-domestic-violence-intervention-using-chronic-disease-frameworks-reducing-the-burden-of-treatment-and-promoting-capacity-for-action-in-women-abused-by-a-partner
#13
Laura Tarzia, Carl May, Kelsey Hegarty
BACKGROUND: Domestic violence shares many features with chronic disease, including ongoing physical and mental health problems and eroded self-efficacy. Given the challenges around help-seeking for women experiencing domestic violence, it is essential that they be given support to 'self-manage' their condition. The growing popularity of web-based applications for chronic disease self-management suggests that there may be opportunities to use them as an intervention strategy for women experiencing domestic violence, however, as yet, little is known about whether this might work in practice...
November 24, 2016: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872405/when-wife-beating-is-not-necessarily-abuse-a-feminist-and-cross-cultural-analysis-of-the-concept-of-abuse-as-expressed-by-tibetan-survivors-of-domestic-violence
#14
Hamsa Rajan
This article describes the views of Tibetan women who have experienced physical violence from male intimate partners. How they conceptualise abuse, their views on acceptable versus unacceptable hitting, and the acts besides hitting which they felt to be unacceptable or abusive, are explored. Views of survivors' relatives/friends and men who have hit their wives are also included. Western-based domestic violence theory is shown to be incommensurate with abuse in particular socio-cultural settings. As feminist scholars emphasize listening deeply to voices of women in the global South, this article demonstrates how such listening might be undertaken when the views expressed by women diverge from feminism...
November 20, 2016: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871256/domestic-violence-among-antenatal-attendees-in-a-kathmandu-hospital-and-its-associated-factors-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Monika Shrestha, Sumina Shrestha, Binjwala Shrestha
BACKGROUND: Domestic violence during pregnancy is a public health problem which violates human rights and causes an adverse effect on both maternal and fetal health. The objectives of the study were to assess the prevalence of domestic violence among the pregnant women attending the antenatal clinic, to explore the associated factors, and to identify the perpetrators of domestic violence. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 404 pregnant women in their third trimester of pregnancy...
November 21, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869965/-new-century-new-challenges-changes-in-the-burden-of-disease-profile-in-brazil-1990-2010
#16
Fatima Marinho, Valéria Maria de Azeredo Passos, Elisabeth Barboza França
OBJECTIVE: to describe the burden of disease in Brazil from 1990 to 2010. METHODS: analysis of the estimates of the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 - Years of Life Lost due to premature mortality (YLL), Years Lost due to Disability (YLD), Disability-Adjusted Life Year (DALY=YLL+YLD) and risk factors. RESULTS: there was a decrease in deaths due to diarrhea and an increase in deaths due to diabetes and kidney disease, whilst deaths due to homicides and traffic accidents remained stable; cardiovascular diseases continued to be the leading cause of death despite a 30% reduction; the largest increases in DALY were due to diabetes and musculoskeletal diseases in women and alcohol abuse and low back pain in men; the main risk factors were poor diet and high blood pressure; smoking, domestic pollution and insufficient breastfeeding were found to have reduced...
October 2016: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869951/-epidemiological-characteristics-of-violence-against-women-in-the-federal-district-brazil-2009-2012
#17
Lídia Ester Lopes da Silva, Maria Liz Cunha de Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: to describe the epidemiological characteristics of cases of violence against women reported in the Federal District, Brazil, 2009-2012. METHODS: this was a descriptive study of cases of violence against women aged 18- 59 registered on the National Notifiable Diseases System (Sinan). RESULTS: 1,924 cases of violence against women were registered, the perpetrators of which were identified as unknown (25.7%) or spouses (19.0%) of the victims; violence mainly occurred against women of brown skin color (25...
April 2016: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867244/community-based-organisations-for-vulnerable-children-in-south-africa-reach-psychosocial-correlates-and-potential-mechanisms
#18
A R Yakubovich, L Sherr, L D Cluver, S Skeen, I S Hensels, A Macedo, M Tomlinson
Community-based organisations (CBOs) have the potential to provide high quality services for orphaned and vulnerable children in resource-limited settings. However, evidence is lacking as to whether CBOs are reaching those who are most vulnerable, whether attending these organisations is associated with greater psychosocial wellbeing, and how they might work. This study addressed these three questions using cross-sectional data from 1848 South African children aged 9-13. Data were obtained from the Young Carers and Child Community Care studies, which both investigated child wellbeing in South Africa using standardised self-report measures...
March 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864488/domestic-violence-and-families-trauma-focused-treatment-options
#19
George S Ake
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863295/the-effect-of-early-psychological-symptom-severity-on-long-term-functional-recovery-a-secondary-analysis-of-data-from-a-cohort-study-of-minor-injury-patients
#20
Sara F Jacoby, Justine Shults, Therese S Richmond
BACKGROUND: The mental health consequences of injuries can interfere with recovery to pre-injury levels of function and long term wellbeing. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between psychological symptoms after minor injury and long-term functional recovery and disability. DESIGN: This exploratory study uses secondary data derived from a longitudinal cohort study of psychological outcomes after minor injury...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
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