keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Emotional abuse

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092209/executive-function-is-an-important-consideration-for-coping-strategy-use-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#1
Lisa B Grech, Litza A Kiropoulos, Katherine M Kirby, Ernest Butler, Mark Paine, Robert Hester
INTRODUCTION: Executive function deficits are prevalent in people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS), and PwMS use less adaptive coping than healthy controls. This cross-sectional study assessed whether there is a relationship between executive function and coping in PwMS. METHOD: One hundred and seven participants with relapsing remitting or secondary progressive MS (n = 83 and 24, respectively; age M = 48.8 ± 11.1 years) completed measures of coping and executive function...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080123/treating-adult-survivors-of-childhood-emotional-abuse-and-neglect-a-new-framework
#2
Frances K Grossman, Joseph Spinazzola, Marla Zucker, Elizabeth Hopper
This article provides the outline of a new framework for treating adult survivors of childhood emotional abuse and neglect. Component-based psychotherapy (CBP) is an evidence-informed model that bridges, synthesizes, and expands upon several existing schools, or theories, of treatment for adult survivors of traumatic stress. These include approaches to therapy that stem from more classic traditions in psychology, such as psychoanalysis, to more modern approaches including those informed by feminist thought...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072643/early-life-trauma-in-hospitalized-patients-with-mood-disorders-and-its-association-with-clinical-outcomes
#3
Ajay K Parsaik, Noha Abdelgawad, Jigar K Chotalia, Scott D Lane, Teresa A Pigott
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of childhood trauma and its impact on clinical outcomes in hospitalized patients with mood disorders is unknown. We studied the frequency of childhood trauma among inpatient adults with mood disorders and its association with clinical outcomes. METHODS: Patients admitted to our hospital with a primary diagnosis of mood disorders completed the short form of the Early Trauma Inventory-Self-Report (ETISR-SF), the Sheehan Disability Scale, and the Clinician-Rated Dimensions of Psychosis Symptom Severity scale...
January 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068932/women-s-descriptions-of-childbirth-trauma-relating-to-care-provider-actions-and-interactions
#4
Rachel Reed, Rachael Sharman, Christian Inglis
BACKGROUND: Many women experience psychological trauma during birth. A traumatic birth can impact on postnatal mental health and family relationships. It is important to understand how interpersonal factors influence women's experience of trauma in order to inform the development of care that promotes optimal psychosocial outcomes. METHODS: As part of a large mixed methods study, 748 women completed an online survey and answered the question 'describe the birth trauma experience, and what you found traumatising'...
January 10, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065191/dissociation-in-patients-with-dissociative-seizures-relationships-with-trauma-and-seizure-symptoms
#5
S Pick, J D C Mellers, L H Goldstein
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to extend the current understanding of dissociative symptoms experienced by patients with dissociative (psychogenic, non-epileptic) seizures (DS), including psychological and somatoform types of symptomatology. An additional aim was to assess possible relationships between dissociation, traumatic experiences, post-traumatic symptoms and seizure manifestations in this group. METHOD: A total of 40 patients with DS were compared with a healthy control group (n = 43), matched on relevant demographic characteristics...
January 9, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058022/role-of-original-and-modified-frey-s-procedures-in-chronic-pancreatitis
#6
Chun-Lu Tan, Hao Zhang, Min Yang, Shao-Jun Li, Xu-Bao Liu, Ke-Zhou Li
AIM: To retrospectively review patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP) treated with Frey's procedures between January 2009 and January 2014. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of patients with CP treated with Frey's procedures between January 2009 and January 2014 in the Department of Pancreatic Surgery. A cross-sectional study of postoperative pain relief, quality of life (QoL), and alcohol and nicotine abuse was performed by clinical interview, letters and telephone interview in January 2016...
December 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057531/resting-state-brain-connectivity-patterns-before-eventual-relapse-into-cocaine-abuse
#7
M Berlingeri, D Losasso, A Girolo, E Cozzolino, T Masullo, M Scotto, M Sberna, G Bottini, E Paulesu
According to recent theories, drug addicted patients suffer of an impaired response inhibition and salience attribution (I-RISA) together with a perturbed connectivity between the nuclei accumbens (NAcs) and the orbito-prefrontal (oPFC) and dorsal prefrontal (dPFC) cortices, brain regions associated with motivation and cognitive control. To empirically test these assumptions, we evaluated the (neuro)psychological trait and the functional organization of the resting state brain networks associated with the NAcs in 18 former cocaine abusers (FCAs), while being in drug abstinence since 5 months...
January 2, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057039/automatic-activation-of-alcohol-cues-by-child-maltreatment-related-words-a-replication-attempt-in-a-different-treatment-setting
#8
Nadine Potthast, Frank Neuner, Claudia Catani
BACKGROUND: A growing body of research attempts to clarify the underlying mechanisms of the association between emotional maltreatment and alcohol dependence (AD). In a preceding study, we found considerable support for a specific priming effect in subjects with AD and emotional abuse experiences receiving alcohol rehabilitation treatment. We concluded that maltreatment related cues can automatically activate an associative memory network comprising cues eliciting craving as well as alcohol-related responses...
January 3, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051830/gambling-and-the-need-for-new-responses-in-public-health-with-an-addiction-sine-substantia
#9
M Crusco, F Massoni, E Luzi, P Ricci, M Pelosi, P Corbosiero, M Rapp-Ricciardi, S Ricci
BACKGROUND: The Gambling Disorder (GD) was recently defined as a behavioral addiction by the "The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV"( DSM-V) since the clinical, neurobiological and psychopathological similarities led it to be defined it as an addiction "sine substantia". The aim of this study is to formulate an "identikit" of the gambler, to evaluate a possible association between GD / emotional specific factors and the correlation between GD / substance abuse, GD / suicide...
November 2016: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050629/antireward-compulsivity-and-addiction-seminal-contributions-of-dr-athina-markou-to-motivational-dysregulation-in-addiction
#10
REVIEW
George F Koob
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Addiction is defined as a chronically relapsing disorder characterized by compulsive drug seeking that is hypothesized to derive from multiple sources of motivational dysregulation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Dr. Athina Markou made seminal contributions to our understanding of the neurobiology of addiction with her studies on the dysregulation of reward function using animal models with construct validity. Repeated overstimulation of the reward systems with drugs of abuse decreases reward function, characterized by brain stimulation reward and presumbably reflecting dysphoria-like states...
January 3, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050185/comparing-acceptance-and-commitment-group-therapy-and-12-steps-narcotics-anonymous-in-addict-s-rehabilitation-process-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Manoochehr Azkhosh, Ali Farhoudianm, Hemn Saadati, Fateme Shoaee, Leila Lashani
Objective: Substance abuse is a socio-psychological disorder. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy with 12-steps Narcotics Anonymous on psychological well-being of opiate dependent individuals in addiction treatment centers in Shiraz, Iran. Method: This was a randomized controlled trial. Data were collected at entry into the study and at post-test and follow-up visits. The participants were selected from opiate addicted individuals who referred to addiction treatment centers in Shiraz...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045904/the-value-of-a-checklist-for-child-abuse-in-out-of-hours-primary-care-to-screen-or-not-to-screen
#12
Maartje Cm Schouten, Henk F van Stel, Theo Jm Verheij, Michiel L Houben, Ingrid Mb Russel, Edward Es Nieuwenhuis, Elise M van de Putte
OBJECTIVES: To assess the diagnostic value of the screening instrument SPUTOVAMO-R2 (checklist, 5 questions) for child abuse at Out-of-hours Primary Care locations (OPC), by comparing the test outcome with information from Child Protection Services (CPS). Secondary, to determine whether reducing the length of the checklist compromises diagnostic value. METHODS: All children (<18 years) attending one of the participating OPCs in the region of Utrecht, the Netherlands, in a year time, were included...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039757/height-deficit-in-early-adulthood-following-substantiated-childhood-maltreatment-a-birth-cohort-study
#13
Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Steve Kisely, Gail Williams, Lane Strathearn, Jake Moses Najman
Early life stress including childhood maltreatment has been associated with reduced head circumference and/or brain size, cognitive, and academic deficits in children and adolescents. However, little is known about the effect of childhood maltreatment on height, especially in early adulthood. This study was designed to examine the association between confirmed cases of multiple or subtypes of childhood maltreatment and stunted growth in young adulthood controlling for perinatal and familial confounding factors...
December 28, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036102/assessments-carried-out-by-a-child-abuse-and-neglect-team-in-an-amsterdam-teaching-hospital-led-to-interventions-in-most-of-the-reported-cases
#14
Arianne H Teeuw, Tessa Sieswerda-Hoogendoorn, Daniel Aaftink, Ilsa A V Burgers, Thekla F Vrolijk-Bosschaart, Sonja N Brilleslijper-Kater, Hugo S A Heymans, Rick R van Rijn
AIM: This study described cases of child abuse and neglect (CAN) that were reported to the multi-agency CAN team at the Emma Children's Hospital in Amsterdam and the resulting interventions. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective review of all cases that were reported to the CAN team from 1 January 2010 to 31 December 2012. RESULTS: There were 27 prenatal cases, 92 referrals based on parental characteristics and 523 children. Overall, 1.2% of the children visiting the emergency department of our hospital, attending the outpatients department or being admitted were reported to the team...
December 30, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029335/enhanced-susceptibility-of-ca3-hippocampus-to-prenatal-nicotine-exposure
#15
O O Kalejaiye, M C Gondré-Lewis
The brain is highly susceptible to adverse effects of drugs of abuse during early phases of life. Prenatal nicotine exposure (PNE), a preventable cause of gestational and infant mortality, can alter neuron wiring and induce sustained deficits in attention and learning. Here, a rat model of PNE (embryonic days 7-21) was used to examine the maturing hippocampus, which encodes new memories and processes emotional memory. Components of synaptic signaling were evaluated at postnatal day 14 (P14), a period of prolific synaptogenesis in rats, to determine if glutamatergic transmission-associated molecules are regulated in subregions of hippocampus as early as P14...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028741/can-universal-sel-programs-benefit-universally-effects-of-the-positive-action-program-on-multiple-trajectories-of-social-emotional-and-misconduct-behaviors
#16
Robert Duncan, Isaac J Washburn, Kendra M Lewis, Niloofar Bavarian, David L DuBois, Alan C Acock, Samuel Vuchinich, Brian R Flay
Behavioral trajectories during middle childhood are predictive of consequential outcomes later in life (e.g., substance abuse, violence). Social and emotional learning (SEL) programs are designed to promote trajectories that reflect both growth in positive behaviors and inhibited development of negative behaviors. The current study used growth mixture models to examine effects of the Positive Action (PA) program on behavioral trajectories of social-emotional and character development (SECD) and misconduct using data from a cluster-randomized trial that involved 14 schools and a sample of predominately low-income, urban youth followed from 3rd through 8th grade...
December 28, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027464/risk-factors-for-child-maltreatment-in-an-australian-population-based-birth-cohort
#17
James C Doidge, Daryl J Higgins, Paul Delfabbro, Leonie Segal
Child maltreatment and other adverse childhood experiences adversely influence population health and socioeconomic outcomes. Knowledge of the risk factors for child maltreatment can be used to identify children at risk and may represent opportunities for prevention. We examined a range of possible child, parent and family risk factors for child maltreatment in a prospective 27-year population-based birth cohort of 2443 Australians. Physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, neglect and witnessing of domestic violence were recorded retrospectively in early adulthood...
December 25, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026977/adverse-childhood-experiences-predict-alcohol-consumption-patterns-among-kenyan-mothers
#18
Michael L Goodman, Astrid Grouls, Catherine X Chen, Philip H Keiser, Stanley Gitari
OBJECTIVE: We analyze whether adverse childhood experiences predict weekly alcohol consumption patterns of Kenyan mothers and their partners. METHOD: Randomly selected respondents (n = 1,976) were asked about adverse childhood experiences and alcohol consumption patterns for themselves and their partners. Fixed effect models were used to determine odds of reporting weekly alcohol consumption and the number of beverages typically consumed, controlling for wealth, age, education, and partner alcohol consumption...
December 27, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024303/depression-in-women-with-recurrent-miscarriages-an-exploratory-study
#19
Ariel Cesar de Carvalho, Michele Eugênio da Silva, Bárbara Magueta Matos, Cassio Machado de Campos Bottino, Anelise Riedel Abrahão, Frederico Molina Cohrs, Sara Mota Borges Bottino
Objective To assess depression, domestic violence and the use of substances in women with recurrent miscarriages. Methods The Abuse Assessment Screen (AAS), the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and the Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST) were used to assess violence, depression and the use of substances among women with recurrent miscarriages. The population corresponded to patients receiving prenatal care from June to August 2014. Multiple logistic regression was used to assess the multivariable relationship between depression and sociodemographic, psychosocial and medical characteristics (p < 0,10)...
December 26, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017908/the-child-protection-and-juvenile-justice-nexus-in-australia-a-longitudinal-examination-of-the-relationship-between-maltreatment-and-offending
#20
Catia G Malvaso, Paul H Delfabbro, Andrew Day
There is convincing evidence that many young people who are in the justice system have had contact with child protection services and that victims of childhood maltreatment are at increased risk of subsequent youth justice involvement. In Australia, however, there have been few longitudinal studies that have examined these associations and relatively less is known in this area. This study examines the overlap between the child protection and youth justice involvement in South Australia, and determines how substantiated maltreatment and variations in these experiences (e...
December 22, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
keyword
keyword
22022
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"