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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332552/practitioner-views-on-the-impacts-challenges-and-barriers-in-supporting-older-survivors-of-sexual-violence
#1
Hannah Bows
Despite half a century of research on both sexual violence and elder abuse, the intersection between the two remains largely unexplored. Using theoretical lenses of feminist criminology and critical feminist gerontology, this article explores the intersection between age and sexual violence drawing on interviews with 23 practitioners supporting older survivors (aged 60 and over). They reported physical and emotional effects of sexual violence leading to limited lifestyles, disengagement from social networks, and reliance on pathogenic coping strategies...
October 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331637/development-of-a-multi-dimensional-scale-to-measure-trauma-associated-with-child-sexual-abuse-mscsa-and-its-ramifying-impacts-on-children-a-pilot-study
#2
Vandana Choudhary, Sujata Satapathy, Rajesh Sagar
BACKGROUND: With the rising incidence of CSA in India and absence of culturally competent tool to assess the impact of trauma, there is a dire need for development of a comprehensive scale to assess the impact of trauma on children. Thus, the present study aims to develop a multi-dimensional CSA tool for children aged between 7 and 13 years. METHOD: Qualitative research method of FGD/Key Interviews with 4 group participants (Parents, counsellors, mental health and medical professionals) and in-depth interview with children having history of CSA was conducted along with item pooling from existing scales...
January 4, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326181/what-are-the-sources-of-stress-and-distress-for-general-practitioners-working-in-england-a-qualitative-study
#3
Ruth Riley, Johanna Spiers, Marta Buszewicz, Anna Kathryn Taylor, Gail Thornton, Carolyn Anne Chew-Graham
OBJECTIVES: This paper reports the sources of stress and distress experienced by general practitioners (GP) as part of a wider study exploring the barriers and facilitators to help-seeking for mental illness and burnout among this medical population. DESIGN: Qualitative study using in-depth interviews with 47 GP participants. The interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed, anonymised and imported into NVivo V.11 to facilitate data management. Data were analysed using a thematic analysis employing the constant comparative method...
January 11, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325449/analysis-of-dna-methylation-in-young-people-limited-evidence-for-an-association-between-victimization-stress-and-epigenetic-variation-in-blood
#4
Sarah J Marzi, Karen Sugden, Louise Arseneault, Daniel W Belsky, Joe Burrage, David L Corcoran, Andrea Danese, Helen L Fisher, Eilis Hannon, Terrie E Moffitt, Candice L Odgers, Carmine Pariante, Richie Poulton, Benjamin S Williams, Chloe C Y Wong, Jonathan Mill, Avshalom Caspi
OBJECTIVE: DNA methylation has been proposed as an epigenetic mechanism by which early-life experiences become "embedded" in the genome and alter transcriptional processes to compromise health. The authors sought to investigate whether early-life victimization stress is associated with genome-wide DNA methylation. METHOD: The authors tested the hypothesis that victimization is associated with DNA methylation in the Environmental Risk (E-Risk) Longitudinal Study, a nationally representative 1994-1995 birth cohort of 2,232 twins born in England and Wales and assessed at ages 5, 7, 10, 12, and 18 years...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325175/early-parental-abuse-and-daily-assistance-to-aging-parents-with-disability-associations-with-the-middle-aged-adults-daily-well-being
#5
Yin Liu, Jooyoung Kong, Lauren R Bangerter, Steven H Zarit, David M Almeida
Objectives: The current study examined the within-person association between providing daily assistance to aging parents with disability and adult children's daily mood in the context of early relationship with parents. Methods: We used data from 782 participants and 5,758 daily interviews from the Midlife in the United States (MIDUS) Refresher, with 248 people self-reported providing daily assistance ranging from 1 to 8 days out of the entire daily-interview period...
January 9, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321699/the-association-between-childhood-traumatic-events-and-headache-related-parameters-in-patients-with-migraine-a-cross-sectional-study-in-turkish-population
#6
Esra Özdil Demiryürek, Bekir Enes Demiryürek, Atilla Tekin, Yeşim Güzey Aras, Belma Doğan Güngen, Sebatiye Erdoğan
Introduction: The aim of this study is to investigate the association between childhood traumatic events and headache-related clinical parameters in migraine patients. Methods: 95 patients diagnosed with migraine and 50 healthy controls were included in the study. A socio-demographic form, the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) were completed by all participants. Additionally, the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) and the Migraine Disability Assessment Test (MIDAS) were applied to migraine patients...
December 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313252/childhood-maltreatment-is-associated-with-increased-neural-response-to-ambiguous-threatening-facial-expressions-in-adulthood-evidence-from-the-late-positive-potential
#7
Aislinn Sandre, Paige Ethridge, Insub Kim, Anna Weinberg
Childhood maltreatment increases lifetime vulnerability for psychopathology. One proposed mechanism for this association is that early maltreatment increases vigilance for and attention to subtle threat cues, persisting outside of the environment in which maltreatment occurs. To test this possibility, the present study examined neural responses to ambiguous and nonambiguous threatening facial expressions in a sample of 25 adults reporting a history of low-to-moderate levels of abuse in childhood and 46 reporting no or low levels of childhood maltreatment...
January 8, 2018: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306737/exposure-to-verbal-abuse-and-neglect-during-childbirth-among-jordanian-women
#8
Fatima Alzyoud, Kaveh Khoshnood, Ahlam Alnatour, Arwa Oweis
Women's relationship with health care providers in maternity settings during childbirth has a significant impact on their wellbeing and lives. The current study aims to explore women exposure to neglect and verbal abuse during childbirth METHOD: a retrospective cross-sectional descriptive design was conducted at four governmental Maternal and Child Health Centers (MCHCs). A final sample of 390 Jordanian women who gave birth within the last 1-3 months was included in the study. Childbirth Verbal Abuse and Neglect Questionnaire (CVANQ) were developed to collect the data...
December 14, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306559/differential-associations-of-adverse-childhood-experience-on-maternal-health
#9
Nicole M Racine, Sheri L Madigan, Andre R Plamondon, Sheila W McDonald, Suzanne C Tough
INTRODUCTION: The current study examined whether three distinct antecedent factors related to maternal adverse childhood experiences were differentially associated with maternal health and psychosocial outcomes in the antepartum period. It was hypothesized that all three adverse childhood experience factors would be positively associated with poor health prior to pregnancy, poor reproductive health history, and health complications and psychosocial difficulties during pregnancy. METHODS: Data from 1,994 women (mean age=30...
January 3, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306183/child-maltreatment-re-offending-in-families-served-by-the-united-states-air-force-family-advocacy-program
#10
Randy J McCarthy, Joel S Milner, Sarah L Coley, LaJuana Ormsby, Mark Oliver
The current study examined child maltreatment re-offending in United States Air Force (USAF) families. In a clinical database containing 24,999 child maltreatment incidents perpetrated by 15,042 offenders between the years 1997 and 2013, 13% of offenders maltreated a child on more than one date (i.e., they re-offended). We explored several offender demographic characteristics associated with who re-offended and found that civilians re-offended at a similar rate as active duty members, males re-offended at a similar rate as females, and younger offenders were more likely to re-offend than older offenders...
January 3, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302223/the-prescription-opioid-epidemic-a-review-of-qualitative-studies-on-the-progression-from-initial-use-to-abuse
#11
Theodore J Cicero, Matthew S Ellis
Most research designed to answer the "why" of the prescription opioid epidemic has relied on structured interviews, which rigidly attempt to capture the complex reasons people use opioids. In contrast this systematic literature review focuses on peer-reviewed studies that have used a qualitative approach to examine the development of an opioid-use disorder from the point of initial exposure. Rather than simply providing a "high," opioids reportedly relieve psychological/emotional problems or provide an escape from life stressors...
September 2017: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302075/foxo1-a2m-and-tgf-%C3%AE-1-three-novel-genes-predicting-depression-in-gene-x-environment-interactions-are-identified-using-cross-species-and-cross-tissues-transcriptomic-and-mirnomic-analyses
#12
Annamaria Cattaneo, Nadia Cattane, Chiara Malpighi, Darina Czamara, Anna Suarez, Nicole Mariani, Eero Kajantie, Alessia Luoni, Johan G Eriksson, Jari Lahti, Valeria Mondelli, Paola Dazzan, Katri Räikkönen, Elisabeth B Binder, Marco A Riva, Carmine M Pariante
To date, gene-environment (GxE) interaction studies in depression have been limited to hypothesis-based candidate genes, since genome-wide (GWAS)-based GxE interaction studies would require enormous datasets with genetics, environmental, and clinical variables. We used a novel, cross-species and cross-tissues "omics" approach to identify genes predicting depression in response to stress in GxE interactions. We integrated the transcriptome and miRNome profiles from the hippocampus of adult rats exposed to prenatal stress (PNS) with transcriptome data obtained from blood mRNA of adult humans exposed to early life trauma, using a stringent statistical analyses pathway...
January 4, 2018: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300886/how-family-doctors-perceived-their-readiness-and-preparedness-to-identify-and-respond-to-intimate-partner-abuse-a-qualitative-study
#13
Traci Po-Yan Leung, Lisa Phillips, Christina Bryant, Kelsey Hegarty
Background: There are few existing studies which have investigated the meanings of 'readiness' and 'preparedness' among family doctors working with female patients who experience intimate partner abuse (IPA). Objectives: We aimed to explore how doctors perceived the concepts of readiness and preparedness to identify and respond to IPA against female patients. Methods: We adopted purposive sampling and conducted individual semi-structured interviews with 19 doctors (11 females and 8 males) practising in primary care...
December 28, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295025/does-gender-matter-an-exploratory-study-of-cultural-betrayal-trauma-and-hallucinations-in-latino-undergraduates-at-a-predominantly-white-university
#14
Jennifer M Gómez
Violence victimization, such as physical, sexual, and emotional abuse, has been linked with hallucinations. How abuse-related distress manifests is dependent on a host of factors, including gender, ethnicity, and societal inequality. Cultural betrayal trauma theory may provide insight into hallucinatory experiences for Latinos in the United States, as it is a contextualized framework that identifies societal trauma (e.g., discrimination) as a contributor to the harm of within-group interpersonal violence victimization in minority populations...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295018/is-there-a-cumulative-association-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-emerging-adulthood
#15
Valentina Nikulina, Melissa Gelin, Amanda Zwilling
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been shown to cumulatively predict a range of poor physical and mental health outcomes across adulthood. The cumulative effect of ACEs on intimate partner violence (IPV) in emerging adulthood has not been previously explored. The current study examined the individual and cumulative associations between nine ACEs (emotional abuse, physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional neglect, physical neglect, witnessing domestic violence, living with a mentally ill, substance abusing, or incarcerated household member) and IPV in a diverse sample of college students ( N = 284; Mage = 20...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294987/microfinance-and-violence-against-women-in-rural-guatemala
#16
Isabel Cepeda, Maricruz Lacalle-Calderon, Miguel Torralba
Violence against Women (VaW) has come to be recognized as a serious human rights abuse with important consequences not only for women but for whole societies. Since VaW has several manifestations, it is possible to differentiate among different types of violence. In this article, a broad theoretical framework with different dimensions of gender violence was adapted to a Latin American social and cultural context to measure three out of the five main types of violence: economic violence, emotional psychological violence, and coercive control...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294985/predictors-of-ptsd-treatment-response-trajectories-in-a-sample-of-childhood-sexual-abuse-survivors-the-roles-of-social-support-coping-and-ptsd-symptom-clusters
#17
Shelley Fletcher, Ask Elklit, Mark Shevlin, Cherie Armour
This study aimed to (a) identify posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) trajectories in a sample of Danish treatment-seeking childhood sexual abuse (CSA) survivors and (b) examine the roles of social support, coping style, and individual PTSD symptom clusters (avoidance, reexperiencing, and hyperarousal) as predictors of the identified trajectories. We utilized a convenience sample of 439 CSA survivors attending personalized psychotherapy treatment in Denmark. Four assessments were conducted on a six monthly basis over a period of 18 months...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294934/examining-the-relationship-between-economic-abuse-and-mental-health-among-latina-intimate-partner-violence-survivors-in-the-united-states
#18
America L Davila, Laura Johnson, Judy L Postmus
Currently, Latinos constitute the second largest and fastest growing minority group in the United States. Among this population, one in every six Latinas experience intimate partner violence (IPV) in her lifetime. Research has documented significant detrimental effects of physical, sexual, emotional, and psychological IPV on the physical, emotional, and cognitive well-being of various cultural/ethnic groups; however, few studies have focused on economic abuse, which may include tactics of economic control, economic exploitation, and employment sabotage...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294928/applying-differential-coercion-and-social-support-theory-to-intimate-partner-violence
#19
Egbert Zavala, Don L Kurtz
A review of the current body of literature on intimate partner violence (IPV) shows that the most common theories used to explain this public health issue are social learning theory, a general theory of crime, general strain theory, or a combination of these perspectives. Other criminological theories have received less empirical attention. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to apply Differential Coercion and Social Support (DCSS) theory to test its capability to explain IPV. Data collected from two public universities ( N = 492) shows that three out of four measures of coercion (i...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294903/intimate-partner-violence-and-women-s-mental-health-the-mediating-role-of-coping-strategies-among-women-seeking-help-from-the-police
#20
Cecilia Mengo, Eusebius Small, Beverly Black
Many variables explain the link between intimate partner violence (IPV) and its impact on women's mental health. This proposition is mostly from samples drawn from battered women's shelters, batterer intervention programs (BIPs), emergency rooms, and medical clinics. We know little about the psychological well-being of women who report abuse to police departments. This study used data from case records of women who experience IPV and sought help from a city police station located in the southwest United States...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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