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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813271/prenatal-parenting
#1
REVIEW
Vivette Glover, Lauren Capron
Parenting begins before birth. This includes prenatal maternal and paternal bonding with the baby, and biological effects on fetal development. Recent research has confirmed how prenatal maternal stress can alter the development of the fetus and the child, and that this can persist until early adulthood. Children are affected in different ways depending, in part, on their own genetic makeup. The fetus may also have a direct effect on prenatal maternal mood and later parenting behaviour via the placenta. The father is important prenatally too...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810212/evaluation-of-bikers-against-child-abuse-baca-program-a-community-intervention-for-child-abuse-victims
#2
Dee C Ray, J P Lilly, Nancy Gallina, Paula MacIan, Brittany Wilson
Children who have experienced physical abuse benefit from a multitude of community interventions including support programs to address emotional and behavioral stability. This pilot study evaluated the services of Bikers Against Child Abuse (BACA), a community of bikers lending intervention to abused children, using a pre/post exploratory design. Participants (N=154) were children who had been referred by parents/guardians for current or past physical and/or sexual abuse. Parents/guardians of children were interviewed four times over a course of one year...
August 5, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809134/cancer-treatment-experiences-among-survivors-of-childhood-sexual-abuse-a-qualitative-investigation-of-triggers-and-reactions-to-cumulative-trauma
#3
Julie B Schnur, Matthew J Dillon, Rachel E Goldsmith, Guy H Montgomery
OBJECTIVE: Some 25% of women and 8% of men in the United States have experienced childhood sexual abuse (CSA) before the age of 18. For these individuals, healthcare visits and interactions can be retraumatizing due to perceived similarities to past abuse (e.g., pain, undressing, lack of control). However, no prior studies have provided formal qualitative analyses regarding CSA survivors' reactions to cancer treatment. Therefore, our study's objective was to identify key themes pertaining to CSA survivors' cancer treatment experiences...
August 15, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807487/exploring-how-prison-based-drug-rehabilitation-programming-shapes-racial-disparities-in-substance-use-disorder-recovery
#4
Erin M Kerrison
Prison-based therapeutic community (TC) programming is derived from the perspective that drug addiction is primarily symptomatic of cognitive dysfunction, poor emotional management, and underdeveloped self-reliance skills, and can be addressed in a collaborative space where a strong ideological commitment to moral reform and personal responsibility is required of its members. In this space, evidence of rehabilitation is largely centered on the client's relationship to language and the public adoption of a "broken self" narrative...
August 5, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806608/differential-effects-of-childhood-trauma-subtypes-on-fatigue-and-physical-functioning-in-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#5
Maud De Venter, Jela Illegems, Rita Van Royen, Greta Moorkens, Bernard G C Sabbe, Filip Van Den Eede
OBJECTIVE: There is wide consensus that childhood trauma plays an important role in the aetiology of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). The current study examines the differential effects of childhood trauma subtypes on fatigue and physical functioning in individuals suffering from CFS. METHODS: Participants were 155 well-documented adult, predominantly female CFS patients receiving treatment at the outpatient treatment centre for CFS of the Antwerp University Hospital in Belgium...
July 19, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805695/infants-investigated-by-the-child-welfare-system-exploring-a-distinct-profile-of-risks-service-needs-and-referrals-for-support-in-ontario
#6
Joanne Filippelli, Barbara Fallon, Esme Fuller-Thomson, Nico Trocmé
The science of early childhood development underscores that maltreatment and other adversities experienced during infancy heightens the risk for poor developmental and socio-emotional outcomes. Referrals to supportive services by the child welfare system are particularly critical during infancy given the rapidity of brain development and infants' sensitivity to their environment. The main objectives of the current study are to: (1) examine age-specific differences in clinical and case characteristics; (2) determine the factors associated with the service referral decision involving infants; and (3) explore the types of services families have been referred to at the conclusion of a maltreatment-related investigation...
August 12, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803556/buffering-effects-of-safe-supportive-and-nurturing-relationships-among-women-with-childhood-histories-of-maltreatment
#7
S R Jaffee, R Takizawa, L Arseneault
BACKGROUND: Adults who were victims of childhood maltreatment tend to have poorer health compared with adults who did not experience abuse. However, many are in good health. We tested whether safe, supportive, and nurturing relationships buffer women with a history of childhood maltreatment from poor health outcomes in later life. METHODS: Participants included women from the Environmental Risk (E-Risk) Longitudinal Twin Study who were involved in an intimate relationship at some point by the time their twin children were 10 years old...
August 14, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794976/general-and-emotion-specific-alterations-to-cognitive-control-in-women-with-a-history-of-childhood-abuse
#8
Kristen L Mackiewicz Seghete, Roselinde H Kaiser, Anne P DePrince, Marie T Banich
BACKGROUND: Although limited, the literature suggests alterations in activation of cognitive control regions in adults and adolescents with a history of childhood abuse. The current study examined whether such alterations are increased in the face of emotionally-distracting as compared to emotionally neutral information, and whether such alterations occur in brain regions that exert cognitive control in a more top-down sustained manner or a more bottom-up transient manner. METHODS: Participants were young adult women (ages 23-30): one group with a history of childhood physical or sexual abuse (N = 15) and one with no trauma exposure (N = 17), as assessed through the Trauma History Questionnaire and a two-stage interview adapted from the National Crime Victims Survey...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777981/childhood-trauma-dimensions-of-psychopathology-and-the-clinical-expression-of-bipolar-disorders-a-pathway-analysis
#9
B Etain, M Lajnef, C Henry, V Aubin, J M Azorin, F Bellivier, T Bougerol, P Courtet, S Gard, J P Kahn, C Passerieux, M Leboyer
BACKGROUND: This study aims at testing for paths from childhood abuse to clinical indicators of complexity in bipolar disorder (BD), through dimensions of affective dysregulation, impulsivity and hostility. METHOD: 485 euthymic patients with BD from the FACE-BD cohort were included from 2009 to 2014. We collect clinical indicators of complexity/severity: age and polarity at onset, suicide attempt, rapid cycling and substance misuse. Patients completed questionnaires to assess childhood emotional, sexual and physical abuses, affective lability, affect intensity, impulsivity, motor and attitudinal hostility...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774479/gender-differences-in-the-association-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-cancer
#10
Héctor E Alcalá, A Janet Tomiyama, Ondine S von Ehrenstein
OBJECTIVES: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been linked to a variety of diseases in adulthood, including cancer. However, current research has yet to determine if all abuse types are associated with cancer and if women are more adversely impacted by ACEs than men. METHODS: Data from the 2011 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, a national survey of American adults 18 and older (N = 111,964) were analyzed. Logistic regression models were fit to estimate odds of ever being diagnosed with cancer after experiencing one or more of eight different ACEs, while adjusting for potential confounders...
July 31, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767014/hiv-risk-substance-use-and-personality-characteristics-among-adults-with-history-of-serious-mental-illness
#11
Cathryn H Mainville, Mark A Richardson, Stephen M Brady, Jori Berger-Greenstein, Janine Bacic
The present study examined the relationship between characteristics associated with personality disorders, substance use, and HIV risk among adults with a history of serious mental illness. Participants included 103 adults with antisocial or borderline personality disorder, serious mental illness, and recent HIV risk behavior. The sample was predominately male (64%), diverse (42% African American and 13% Hispanic), and homeless/marginally housed (76%). In order to examine the relationship between personality characteristics and risk we constructed a risk index comprising key symptoms of antisocial and borderline personality disorders, namely; impulsivity, affective instability, and disregard for safety of self/others...
July 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766877/munchausen-by-proxy-a-qualitative-investigation-into-online-perceptions-of-medical-child-abuse
#12
Anoushka P A Anderson, Marc D Feldman, Joanne Bryce
In Munchausen by proxy (MBP) maltreatment, increasingly termed "medical child abuse" (MCA), a caregiver fabricates or induces illness in another. The perpetrator's goal for the behavior is to meet personal emotional needs by forcing unnecessary or misguided medical or psychological treatment. Generally, a mother is the perpetrator and her child is the victim. There is a serious lack of research into most aspects of MCA, and this study is the first to utilize the anonymity of an Internet forum to investigate victims' first-hand experiences of, and the public's opinions about, suspected and confirmed MCA...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760090/the-impact-of-emotional-lability-symptoms-during-childhood-in-adults-with-adhd
#13
Laura Gisbert, Vanesa Richarte, Montserrat Corrales, Pol Ibáñez, Rosa Bosch, Miquel Casas, Josep Antoni Ramos-Quiroga
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether emotional lability (EL) in adult ADHD patients can already be identified during their childhood and the extent to which this childhood symptomatology can predict EL in adulthood. METHOD: Seven hundred eighteen adults with ADHD were examined. EL in adulthood was assessed using the Conners' Adult ADHD Rating Scales (CAARS). According to Conners' definition of EL, seven items from the Wender Utah Rating Scale (WURS) were used to determine this symptomatology in childhood...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760077/mothers-experiences-of-coping-with-adolescent-substance-abuse-a-phenomenological-inquiry
#14
Candice Groenewald, Arvin Bhana
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIM: Research shows that adolescent substance abuse significantly impacts on the lives of mothers. The stresses that mothers endure as a result of the adolescents' substance abuse prompt them to find ways to cope with these stressful experiences. This paper explores the coping responses of South African mothers whose adolescents have been admitted to treatment for alcohol or drug abuse. DESIGN AND METHOD: An interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) framework was adopted in this study using a multiple case study design...
August 1, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759479/bipolar-disorder-and-early-emotional-trauma-a-critical-literature-review-on-indicators-of-prevalence-rates-and-clinical-outcomes
#15
Aline Limiéri Dualibe, Flávia L Osório
OBJECTIVES: We performed a systematic literature review to (1) evaluate the prevalence rates of early emotional trauma (EET) in patients with bipolar disorder (BD) and the impact of these traumas on the development of the disorder, and (2) integrate the findings of our review with those previously reported by Fisher and Hosang, Daruy-Filho and colleagues, and Maniglio. METHODS: The literature search was performed on PubMed, SciELO, and PsycINFO databases using the keywords bipolar disorder, early trauma, physical abuse, emotional abuse, sexual abuse, maltreatment, adversity, and neglect...
July 29, 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758771/childhood-trauma-and-distress-tolerance-in-a-trauma-exposed-acute-care-psychiatric-inpatient-sample
#16
Erin C Berenz, Anka A Vujanovic, Lance Rappaport, Salpi Kevorkian, R Emily Gonzalez, Nadia Chowdhury, Christina D Dutcher, Danielle M Dick, Kenneth S Kendler, Ananda B Amstadter
OBJECTIVE: Distress tolerance (DT; the perceived or actual ability to withstand negative internal states) has emerged as a promising transdiagnostic risk factor in clinically severe populations. However, little is known about etiological factors associated with the development of DT. We hypothesized that greater levels of childhood trauma would be associated with lower perceived and behavioral DT, beyond theoretically relevant covariates. METHOD: The current investigation evaluated several childhood trauma types (i...
July 31, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758672/stress-sensitivity-as-a-putative-mechanism-linking-childhood-trauma-and-psychopathology-in-youth-s-daily-life
#17
C Rauschenberg, J van Os, D Cremers, M Goedhart, J N M Schieveld, U Reininghaus
OBJECTIVE: Childhood trauma (CT) is associated with a range of psychopathologies, including psychosis. However, evidence on underlying mechanisms remains limited. The study aimed to investigate whether CT impacts on youth mental health by modifying sensitivity to stress in daily life. METHOD: The experience sampling method (ESM) was used to measure momentary stress, negative affect and psychotic experiences in 99 adolescents and young adults (43 help-seeking service users, 16 siblings and 40 controls)...
July 31, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755869/maternal-exposure-to-childhood-maltreatment-and-risk-of-stillbirth
#18
Alexa A Freedman, Alison L Cammack, Jeff R Temple, Robert M Silver, Donald J Dudley, Barbara J Stoll, Michael W Varner, George R Saade, Deborah Conway, Robert L Goldenberg, Carol J Hogue
PURPOSE: To determine the association between maternal exposure to childhood maltreatment (CM) and risk of stillbirth (fetal death at or after 20 weeks' gestation). METHODS: Population-based case-control study from the Stillbirth Collaborative Research Network (SCRN) conducted in 2006-2008, and the follow-up study, SCRN-Outcomes after Study Index Stillbirth (SCRN-OASIS), conducted in 2009 in the United States. Cases (n = 133) included women who experienced a stillbirth, excluding stillbirths attributed to genetic/structural or umbilical cord abnormalities and intrapartum stillbirths...
July 13, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752259/the-association-of-experience-of-violence-and-somatization-depression-and-alexithymia-a-sample-of-women-with-medically-unexplained-symptoms-in-turkey
#19
Dilek Anuk, Güler Bahadır
The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between the levels of somatization, depression as well as alexithymia, and MUS in women going through violence experience in three contexts (childhood, adulthood, and both childhood and adulthood). The study was performed on 180 patients attending the Internal Medicine Department of Istanbul University Medical Faculty. The data of women with MUS (n = 50) were compared those of women with acute physical conditions (n = 46) and chronic physical conditions (n = 84)...
July 27, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746343/an-analysis-of-retrospective-and-repeat-prospective-reports-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-from-the-south-african-birth-to-twenty-plus-cohort
#20
Sara N Naicker, Shane A Norris, Musawenkosi Mabaso, Linda M Richter
Most studies rely on cross-sectional retrospective reports from adult samples to collect information about adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) to examine relationships with adult outcomes. The problems associated with these reports have long been debated, with only a few studies determining their reliability and validity and fewer still reaching consensus on the matter. This paper uses repeat prospective and retrospective reports of adverse childhood experiences from two respondent sources in the South African Birth to Twenty Plus (Bt20+) cohort to explore agreement and concordance in the prospective reporting of ACEs by caregivers and respective children as adolescents and then as young adults...
2017: PloS One
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