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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431382/childhood-maltreatment-preceding-depressive-disorder-at-age-18-years-a-prospective-brazilian-birth-cohort-study
#1
Erika Alejandra Giraldo Gallo, Christian Loret De Mola, Fernando Wehrmeister, Helen Gonçalves, Christian Kieling, Joseph Murray
BACKGROUND: Childhood maltreatment is linked with increased risk for mental illness in adolescence and adulthood. However, little evidence is available on whether different forms of maltreatment have specific effects, and no prospective studies in low- or middle-income countries have addressed this issue. METHODS: Participants in a population-based, birth cohort study in Pelotas, Brazil (N=3715) self-reported exposure to maltreatment (emotional abuse, physical neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse, domestic violence) in confidential questionnaires at age 15 years, and were assessed for major depression in interviews at age 18 years, using the MINI...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430846/a-case-of-bariatric-surgery-related-wernicke-korsakoff-syndrome-with-persisting-anterograde-amnesia
#2
Philip Gerard Gasquoine
Objective: To describe the theoretical and clinical implications of the neuropsychological evaluation of a case of bariatric surgery-related Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome. Method: The patient was a 37-year old, female, bilingual, bachelor's degree educated, Mexican American public relations consultant without preexisting psychiatric, neurological, or substance abuse history. Recovery from laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy surgery for morbid obesity was complicated by intraabdominal abscess, multibacterial infection, and prolonged nausea and vomiting...
April 20, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430388/associations-between-childhood-maltreatment-and-non-medical-use-of-prescription-drugs-among-chinese-adolescents
#3
Lan Guo, Yan Xu, Jianxiong Deng, Xue Gao, Guoliang Huang, Jinghui Huang, Xueqing Deng, Wei-Hong Zhang, Ciyong Lu
AIMS: To test, among Chinese adolescents: (1) whether childhood maltreatment is associated with non-medical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD), (2) whether there are interaction effects of childhood maltreatment and depressive symptoms on NMUPD. DESIGN: A secondary analysis of the cross-sectional data collected from 7(th) and 12(th) graders who were sampled using a multistage, stratified cluster, random sampling method in the 2015 School-based Chinese Adolescents Health Survey (SCAHS)...
April 21, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428748/resting-state-neuroimaging-and-neuropsychological-findings-in-opioid-use-disorder-during-abstinence-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Hada Fong-Ha Ieong, Zhen Yuan
Dependence to opiates, including illicit heroin and prescription pain killers, and treatment of the opioid use disorder (OUD) have been longstanding problems over the world. Despite intense efforts to scientific investigation and public health care, treatment outcomes have not significantly improved for the past 50 years. One reason behind the continuing use of heroin worldwide despite such efforts is its highly addictive nature. Brain imaging studies over the past two decades have made significant contribution to the understanding of the addictive properties as to be due in part to biological processes, specifically those in the brain structure and function...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426363/social-risk-and-protective-factors-in-adolescents-reduction-and-cessation-of-alcohol-use
#5
Tyrone C Cheng, Celia C Lo
BACKGROUND: Adolescents' alcohol use is related to many health problems, injuries, and violent acts, some with fatal consequences. A gap exists in the literature discussing risk/protective factors in change from non-heavy drinking to non-drinking, and also for change from heavy drinking to non-heavy drinking or non-drinking. OBJECTIVE: This secondary study examined some risk and protective factors involved when adolescent non-heavy drinkers and adolescent heavy drinkers curb or terminate their drinking...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420377/the-association-between-child-maltreatment-and-emotional-cognitive-and-physical-health-functioning-in-vietnam
#6
Nhu K Tran, Sheila R Van Berkel, Marinus H van IJzendoorn, Lenneke R A Alink
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of research on correlates of child maltreatment in limited-resource countries with a relatively high tolerance of harsh discipline. This Vietnamese study aimed to investigate associations between different types of child maltreatment and child emotional, cognitive, and physical health functioning as well as moderation effects of gender and ethnicity. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted with 1851 randomly selected students aged 12-17 years...
April 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420374/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-common-mental-disorders-among-ethiopian-migrant-returnees-from-the-middle-east-and-south-africa
#7
Kassahun Habtamu, Abebaw Minaye, Waganesh A Zeleke
BACKGROUND: Ethiopian migrants to the Middle East and South Africa experience a range of problems at various stages of their migration including overwork, sleep deprivation, denial of food, emotional abuse, difficulty adapting to the host culture, salary denial, sexual abuse, labor exploitation, confiscation of their travel documents, confinement, denial of medication, lack of access to legal service and degrading attitude by employers, traffickers and smugglers. These experiences can be associated with different types of mental disorders...
April 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419770/pilot-survey-of-the-health-of-massachusetts-dentists
#8
Romesh P Nalliah, Alan Budd, Veerasathpurush Allareddy
AIM: Dentistry is a career that is very rewarding because of the direct opportunity to deliver essential health services to patients in need. Dentistry is also very demanding; mentally, physically, and even emotionally. Little is known about the health of dentists and how it compares to the health of the general population. The aim of the present study was to report on the general health and health practices of dentists in Massachusetts. METHODS: A medical health and health practices survey was developed from the Delaware Valley Community Health Center and customized...
April 16, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415027/the-influence-of-sex-on-mock-jurors-verdicts-across-type-of-child-abuse-cases
#9
Jennifer Pettalia, Joanna D Pozzulo, Jennifer Reed
This study examined the influence of victim sex, mock juror sex, and type of child abuse (physical, sexual, emotional, and neglect) on mock jurors' assessments of eyewitness and defendant integrity, continuous guilt ratings, dichotomous verdicts, and sentencing recommendations. Participants read one of eight versions of a trial transcript and then answered a self-report questionnaire. Female mock jurors were significantly more likely to find the defendant guilty overall. Moreover, female mock jurors recommended significantly longer sentences for defendants in sexual abuse cases; whereas, male mock jurors recommended significantly longer sentences for defendants in sexual and physical abuse cases...
April 14, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414491/associations-between-emotional-abuse-and-neglect-and-dimensions-of-alexithymia-the-moderating-role-of-sex
#10
Shaquanna Brown, Paula J Fite, Katie Stone, Allora Richey, Marco Bortolato
OBJECTIVE: Child maltreatment, specifically emotional maltreatment (i.e., an act, such as belittling, blaming, or rejection, that is potentially harmful to a child's emotional development), has emerged as an important correlate of alexithymia. However, the evidence is mixed with regard to how emotional abuse and neglect might relate to dimensions of alexithymia (i.e., externally oriented thinking, difficulty describing feelings, and difficulty identifying feelings). Furthermore, research is needed to identify individual factors that might influence these associations...
April 17, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406661/lifetime-history-of-suicidal-ideation-and-attempts-among-incarcerated-women-in-israel
#11
Gila Chen, Keren Gueta
BACKGROUND: Evidence indicates that rates of death by suicide are higher among female inmates compared with male inmates and the general population. Despite the high rate of lifetime suicidality, little is known about the predictors of suicidality for these women. OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to examine sociodemographic, criminological, and psychological variables associated with a history of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among incarcerated women. METHOD: This cross-sectional study investigated a history of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in a sample of 46 Israeli incarcerated women...
April 13, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403521/understanding-management-and-support-for-domestic-violence-and-abuse-dva-within-emergency-departments-a-systematic-literature-review-from-2000-to-2015
#12
REVIEW
Kathryn Hinsliff-Smith, Julie McGarry
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to identify, review and critically evaluate published empirical studies concerned with the prevalence, management and support for survivors of DVA who present at ED. BACKGROUND: DVA is a global phenomenon with a wealth of studies that explore the different aspects of the issue including the economic, social and health effects on survivors and on society as a whole. ED is widely recognised as one healthcare facility where DVA survivors will often disclose DVA...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402839/borderline-personality-disorder-symptoms-and-criminal-justice-system-involvement-the-roles-of-emotion-driven-difficulties-controlling-impulsive-behaviors-and-physical-aggression
#13
Kelly E Moore, Matthew T Tull, Kim L Gratz
OBJECTIVE: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is associated with elevated risk for a variety of risky behaviors, including criminal behaviors. Yet, limited research has examined the relation of BPD to criminal justice (CJ) involvement, or the mechanisms underlying this relation. PROCEDURES: This study examined the role of two mechanisms, emotion-driven difficulties controlling impulsive behaviors and physical aggression, in the relation between BPD symptom severity and CJ involvement among 118 patients in residential substance abuse treatment (76% male; 62% African-American)...
March 15, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398985/effectiveness-of-family-interventions-on-psychological-distress-and-expressed-emotion-in-family-members-of-individuals-diagnosed-with-first-episode-psychosis-a-systematic-review
#14
Wilai Napa, Patraporn Tungpunkom, Nisakorn Pothimas
BACKGROUND: A critical period for persons with first-episode psychosis is the first two years after diagnosis, when they are at high risk of suicide attempts, violent behaviors and substance abuse. This period also has a great impact on the psychological distress of family members, particularly caregivers who either provide care or live with ill family members. In addition, the families also report feelings of being overwhelmed when accessing service facilities at this critical point...
April 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397634/metacognitive-beliefs-mediate-the-effect-of-emotional-abuse-on-depressive-and-psychotic-symptoms-in-severe-mental-disorders
#15
T Østefjells, J U Lystad, A O Berg, R Hagen, R Loewy, L Sandvik, I Melle, J I Røssberg
BACKGROUND: Early trauma is linked to higher symptom levels in bipolar and psychotic disorders, but the translating mechanisms are not well understood. This study examines whether the relationship between early emotional abuse and depressive symptoms is mediated by metacognitive beliefs about thoughts being uncontrollable/dangerous, and whether this pathway extends to influence positive symptoms. METHOD: Patients (N = 261) with psychotic or bipolar disorders were assessed for early trauma experiences, metacognitive beliefs, and current depression/anxiety and positive symptoms...
April 11, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394427/opioid-system-and-human-emotions
#16
REVIEW
Lauri Nummenmaa, Lauri Tuominen
Emotions are states of vigilant readiness that guide human and animal behaviour during survival-salient situations. Categorical models of emotions posit neurally and physiologically distinct human basic emotions (anger, fear, disgust, happiness, sadness, and surprise) that govern different survival functions. Opioid receptors are expressed abundantly in the mammalian emotion circuit and the opioid system modulates a multitude of functions related to arousal and motivation. Yet, its specific contribution to different basic emotions has remained poorly understood...
April 10, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389688/intimate-partner-violence-and-mental-ill-health-among-global-populations-of-indigenous-women-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Marta Chmielowska, Daniela C Fuhr
PURPOSE: Intimate partner violence (IPV) has been recognised as a major obstacle to the achievement of gender equality and human development. Its adverse physical and mental health consequences have been reported to affect women of all ages and backgrounds. Although Indigenous women seem to experience higher rates of partner abuse than non-Indigenous women, mental health consequences of IPV among this population are not yet clearly established in the literature. This study systematically reviewed the global literature on mental health outcomes and risk factors for mental ill health among Indigenous women who experienced IPV...
April 7, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385911/risk-factors-associated-with-current-intimate-partner-violence-at-individual-and-relationship-levels-a-cross-sectional-study-among-married-rural-migrant-women-in-shanghai-china
#18
Xiaowen Tu, Chaohua Lou
OBJECTIVE: To identify individual and relationship risk factors associated with current intimate partner violence (IPV) against married rural migrant women in Shanghai, China. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Two subdistricts of one administrative district, Shanghai, China. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 958 married rural migrant women of reproductive age were selected using a community-based two-stage cluster sampling method in April and May of 2010...
April 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378986/neurophysiological-maturation-in-adolescence-vulnerability-and-counteracting-addiction-to-alcohol
#19
Roman Chwedorowicz, Henryk Skarżyński, Weronika Pucek, Tadeusz Studziński
The results of contemporary studies confirm the formation of two neural networks in the brain during the period of adolescence. The first is defined as emotional, located in the limbic system, develops earlier, quicker, and more intensively than the second one in the prefrontal cortex, called the judgement network, which fulfils the role of control and inhibition of emotional reactions. The domination of the emotional network in adolescence is manifested by hyperactivity of the limbic system, accompanied by intensified undertaking of courageous, reckless, risky, or even sometimes dangerous actions, so very characteristic in the maturation...
March 22, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376696/functional-brain-alterations-during-self-reference-processing-in-adolescents-with-sexual-abuse-related-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-a-preliminary-report
#20
Fanny Dégeilh, Armelle Viard, Fabian Guénolé, Malo Gaubert, Pierre-Jean Egler, Stéphanie Egret, Priscille Gerardin, Jean-Marc Baleyte, Francis Eustache, Jacques Dayana, Bérengère Guillery-Girard
We proposed to explore the functional brain changes during a self-reference processing (SRP) task in adolescents with sexual abuse-related post-traumatic stress disorder (N = 10), compared with healthy adolescents (N = 10). While patients showed no behavioral disturbances in (SRP), they exhibited changes in activity and connectivity in regions involved in emotional regulation (amygdala and dorsal prefrontal cortex) and semantic memory (temporal and ventrolateral prefrontal regions). These preliminary results suggest that these alterations may have an effect on self-esteem which may contribute to a possible retention and impairment of symptoms in adulthood...
February 2017: Neurocase
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