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Motor impairment very preterm infants

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246467/a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-umbilical-cord-milking-vs-delayed-cord-clamping-in-preterm-infants-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-at-22-26-months-of-corrected-age
#1
Anup Katheria, Donna Garey, Giang Truong, Natacha Akshoomoff, Jane Steen, Mauricio Maldonado, Debra Poeltler, Mary Jane Harbert, Yvonne E Vaucher, Neil Finer
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of umbilical cord milking vs delayed cord clamping (DCC) on neurodevelopmental and health outcomes in very preterm infants at 22-26 months of corrected age. STUDY DESIGN: Neurodevelopmental outcomes at 2 years of age were assessed using the Bayley Scales of Infant Development, third edition, and a standardized neurologic examination. Data regarding pulmonary morbidities, neurosensory impairments, and hospitalizations were obtained by parental interview...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234600/prediction-of-cognitive-and-motor-development-in-preterm-children-using-exhaustive-feature-selection-and-cross-validation-of-near-term-white-matter-microstructure
#2
Kornél Schadl, Rachel Vassar, Katelyn Cahill-Rowley, Kristin W Yeom, David K Stevenson, Jessica Rose
Background: Advanced neuroimaging and computational methods offer opportunities for more accurate prognosis. We hypothesized that near-term regional white matter (WM) microstructure, assessed on diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), using exhaustive feature selection with cross-validation would predict neurodevelopment in preterm children. Methods: Near-term MRI and DTI obtained at 36.6 ± 1.8 weeks postmenstrual age in 66 very-low-birth-weight preterm neonates were assessed...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203503/multicentre-prospective-randomised-single-blind-controlled-study-protocol-of-the-effect-of-an-additional-parent-administered-sensorimotor-stimulation-on-neurological-development-of-preterm-infants-primebrain
#3
Karine Pelc, Irit Daniel, Bernard Wenderickx, Bernard Dan
INTRODUCTION: Preterm and very low birthweight infants are at increased risk for neurodevelopmental disorders, including cerebral palsy, sensory impairment and intellectual disability. Several early intervention approaches have been designed in the hope of optimising neurological development in this context. It seems important that the intervention takes into account parental mental health, focuses on parent-child interactions and lasts sufficiently long. This study aims to evaluate the effects of a stimulation programme administered by parents until 6 months post-term on motor and neurophysiological development of infants born preterm...
December 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113755/early-developmental-trajectories-of-preterm-infants
#4
Maya Yaari, David Mankuta, Ayelet Harel-Gadassi, Edwa Friedlander, Benjamin Bar-Oz, Smadar Eventov-Friedman, Nimrod Maniv, David Zucker, Nurit Yirmiya
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Preterm infants are at risk for neuro-developmental impairments and atypical developmental trajectories. The aims of this study were to delineate early developmental trajectories of preterm and full-term infants. METHODS: The cognitive, language, and motor development of 149 infants - 19 extremely preterm (EPT), 34 very preterm (VPT), 57 moderately preterm (MPT), and 39 full-term (FT) - was evaluated using Mullen Scales at 1, 4, 8, 12, and 18 months...
November 4, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079650/validity-of-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-of-children-born-very-preterm-assessed-during-routine-clinical-follow-up-in-england
#5
Hilary S Wong, Frances M Cowan, Neena Modi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the validity of assessing and recording the neurodevelopmental outcome of very preterm infants during routine clinical follow-up in England. DESIGN: Children born <30 weeks gestation, attending routine clinical follow-up at post-term ages 20-28 months, were recruited. Data on neurodevelopmental outcomes were recorded by the reviewing clinician in a standardised format in the child's electronic patient record, based on a set of key questions designed to be used without formal training or developmental testing...
October 27, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854519/isolated-neonatal-mri-punctate-white-matter-lesions-in-very-preterm-neonates-and-quality-of-life-at-school-age
#6
C Arberet, M Proisy, J L Fausser, M Curt, P Bétrémieux, C Tréguier, C Rozel, P Pladys
OBJECTIVE: To study the quality of life at school age of very preterm infants presenting isolated punctate periventricular white matter lesions (IPWL) on late-preterm or term magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: In 1996-2000, 16 of the 131 very preterm neonates explored by MRI were found to have IPWL. At the age of 9-14, 12 children from the IPWL group were compared with 54 children born preterm but with a normal MRI (no lesion). Quality of life (Health Status Classification System Pre School questionnaire), school performance, and motor outcome were investigated...
2017: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605484/infants-born-preterm-demonstrate-impaired-exploration-of-their-bodies-and-surfaces-throughout-the-first-2-years-of-life
#7
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Iryna Babik, James Cole Galloway, Michele A Lobo
Background: Non-object-oriented exploratory behaviors infants perform with their bodies and surfaces have been proposed to be key precursors of infants' object exploration, early learning, and future cognitive development. Little is known about the developmental trajectories of these behaviors, especially for infants born preterm. Objective: The purpose of the study was to longitudinally compare non-object-oriented exploratory behaviors performed by full-term and preterm infants...
September 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583705/associations-of-newborn-brain-magnetic-resonance-imaging-with-long-term-neurodevelopmental-impairments-in-very-preterm-children
#8
Peter J Anderson, Karli Treyvaud, Jeffrey J Neil, Jeanie L Y Cheong, Rodney W Hunt, Deanne K Thompson, Katherine J Lee, Lex W Doyle, Terrie E Inder
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between brain abnormalities on newborn magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and neurodevelopmental impairment at 7 years of age in very preterm children. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 223 very preterm infants (<30 weeks of gestation or <1250 g) born at Melbourne's Royal Women's Hospital had a brain MRI scan at term equivalent age. Scans were scored using a standardized system that assessed structural abnormality of cerebral white matter, cortical gray matter, deep gray matter, and cerebellum...
August 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522659/validation-of-an-mri-brain-injury-and-growth-scoring-system-in-very-preterm-infants-scanned-at-29-to-35-week-postmenstrual-age
#9
J M George, S Fiori, J Fripp, K Pannek, J Bursle, R X Moldrich, A Guzzetta, A Coulthard, R S Ware, S E Rose, P B Colditz, R N Boyd
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The diagnostic and prognostic potential of brain MR imaging before term-equivalent age is limited until valid MR imaging scoring systems are available. This study aimed to validate an MR imaging scoring system of brain injury and impaired growth for use at 29 to 35 weeks postmenstrual age in infants born at <31 weeks gestational age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-three infants in a prospective cohort study underwent early 3T MR imaging between 29 and 35 weeks' postmenstrual age (mean, 32(+2) ± 1(+3) weeks; 49 males, born at median gestation of 28(+4) weeks; range, 23(+6)-30(+6) weeks; mean birthweight, 1068 ± 312 g)...
July 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129748/the-speed-of-increasing-milk-feeds-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Jane Abbott, Janet Berrington, Ursula Bowler, Elaine Boyle, Jon Dorling, Nicholas Embleton, Edmund Juszczak, Alison Leaf, Louise Linsell, Samantha Johnson, Kenny McCormick, William McGuire, Tracy Roberts, Ben Stenson
BACKGROUND: In the UK, 1-2% of infants are born very preterm (<32 weeks of gestation) or have very low birth weight (<1500 g). Very preterm infants are initially unable to be fed nutritional volumes of milk and therefore require intravenous nutrition. Milk feeding strategies influence several long and short term health outcomes including growth, survival, infection (associated with intravenous nutrition) and necrotising enterocolitis (NEC); with both infection and NEC being key predictive factors of long term disability...
January 28, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079875/early-postnatal-illness-severity-scores-predict-neurodevelopmental-impairments-at-10-years-of-age-in-children-born-extremely-preterm
#11
J W Logan, O Dammann, E N Allred, C Dammann, K Beam, R M Joseph, T M O'Shea, A Leviton, K C K Kuban
OBJECTIVE: A neonatal illness severity score, The Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology-II (SNAP-II), predicts neurodevelopmental impairments at two years of age among children born extremely preterm. We sought to evaluate to what extent SNAP-II is predictive of cognitive and other neurodevelopmental impairments at 10 years of age. STUDY DESIGN: In a cohort of 874 children born before 28 weeks of gestation, we prospectively collected clinical, physiologic and laboratory data to calculate SNAP-II for each infant...
May 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789448/white-matter-injury-and-general-movements-in-high-risk-preterm-infants
#12
C Peyton, E Yang, M E Msall, L Adde, R Støen, T Fjørtoft, A F Bos, C Einspieler, Y Zhou, M D Schreiber, J D Marks, A Drobyshevsky
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Very preterm infants (birth weight, <1500 g) are at increased risk of cognitive and motor impairment, including cerebral palsy. These adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes are associated with white matter abnormalities on MR imaging at term-equivalent age. Cerebral palsy has been predicted by analysis of spontaneous movements in the infant termed "General Movement Assessment." The goal of this study was to determine the utility of General Movement Assessment in predicting adverse cognitive, language, and motor outcomes in very preterm infants and to identify brain imaging markers associated with both adverse outcomes and aberrant general movements...
October 27, 2016: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758929/determinants-of-developmental-outcomes-in-a-very-preterm-canadian-cohort
#13
Anne Synnes, Thuy Mai Luu, Diane Moddemann, Paige Church, David Lee, Michael Vincer, Marilyn Ballantyne, Annette Majnemer, Dianne Creighton, Junmin Yang, Reginald Sauve, Saroj Saigal, Prakesh Shah, Shoo K Lee
OBJECTIVES: Identify determinants of neurodevelopmental outcome in preterm children. METHODS: Prospective national cohort study of children born between 2009 and 2011 at <29 weeks gestational age, admitted to one of 28 Canadian neonatal intensive care units and assessed at a Canadian Neonatal Follow-up Network site at 21 months corrected age for cerebral palsy (CP), visual, hearing and developmental status using the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development-Third Edition (Bayley-III)...
May 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665413/high-variability-of-individual-longitudinal-motor-performance-over-five-years-in-very-preterm-infants
#14
Anjo J W M Janssen, Rob A B Oostendorp, Reinier P Akkermans, Katerina Steiner, Louis A A Kollée, Maria W G Nijhuis-van der Sanden
AIM: To determine longitudinal motor performance in very preterm (VPT) infants from 6 months to 5 years of age for the entire cohort of infants, according to gender and gestational age and at the individual level. METHOD: Single-center, prospective longitudinal study of 201 VPT infants (106 boys) without severe impairments. OUTCOMES: Motor performance was assessed with the Bayley Scales of Infant Development (BSID-II-MS: 6, 12, 24 months) and the Movement Assessment Battery for Children (MABC-2-NL: 5 years)...
December 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27368090/examination-of-the-pattern-of-growth-of-cerebral-tissue-volumes-from-hospital-discharge-to-early-childhood-in-very-preterm-infants
#15
Brian B Monson, Peter J Anderson, Lillian G Matthews, Jeffrey J Neil, Kush Kapur, Jeanie L Y Cheong, Lex W Doyle, Deanne K Thompson, Terrie E Inder
IMPORTANCE: Smaller cerebral volumes at hospital discharge in very preterm (VPT) infants are associated with poor neurobehavioral outcomes. Brain growth from the newborn period to middle childhood has not been explored because longitudinal data have been lacking. OBJECTIVES: To examine the pattern of growth of cerebral tissue volumes from hospital discharge to childhood in VPT infants and to determine perinatal risk factors for impaired brain growth and associations with neurobehavioral outcomes at 7 years...
August 1, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27187300/effect-of-early-prophylactic-high-dose-recombinant-human-erythropoietin-in-very-preterm-infants-on-neurodevelopmental-outcome-at-2-years-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Giancarlo Natalucci, Beatrice Latal, Brigitte Koller, Christoph Rüegger, Beate Sick, Leonhard Held, Hans Ulrich Bucher, Jean-Claude Fauchère
IMPORTANCE: Very preterm infants are at risk of developing encephalopathy of prematurity and long-term neurodevelopmental delay. Erythropoietin treatment is neuroprotective in animal experimental and human clinical studies. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether prophylactic early high-dose recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) in preterm infants improves neurodevelopmental outcome at 2 years' corrected age. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Preterm infants born between 26 weeks 0 days' and 31 weeks 6 days' gestation were enrolled in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter trial in Switzerland between 2005 and 2012...
May 17, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27171764/increasing-f2-isoprostanes-in-the-first-month-after-birth-predicts-poor-respiratory-and-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-in-very-preterm-infants
#17
M A Matthews, J L Aschner, A R Stark, P E Moore, J C Slaughter, S Steele, A Beller, G L Milne, O Settles, O Chorna, N L Maitre
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the association between increased early oxidative stress, measured by F2-isoprostanes (IsoPs), and respiratory morbidity at term equivalent age and neurological impairment at 12 months of corrected age (CA). STUDY DESIGN: Plasma samples were collected from 136 premature infants on days 14 and 28 after birth. All participants were infants born at ⩽28 weeks of gestational age enrolled into the Prematurity and Respiratory Outcomes Program (PROP) study...
September 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27074125/the-motor-profile-of-preterm-infants-at-11-y-of-age
#18
Sirkku Setänen, Liisa Lehtonen, Riitta Parkkola, Jaakko Matomäki, Leena Haataja
BACKGROUND: Preterm infants are at a higher risk for poor motor outcome than term infants. This study aimed to describe the long-term motor profile in very preterm born children. METHODS: A total of 98 very preterm infants were included. Volumetric brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed at term age, and the Movement Assessment Battery for Children-Second Edition (The Movement ABC-2) was employed at 11 y of age. The diagnosis of Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) was determined at 11 y of age according to the International Classification of Diseases...
September 2016: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26979887/temporal-spatial-gait-parameters-and-neurodevelopment-in-very-low-birth-weight-preterm-toddlers-at-18-22-months
#19
Katelyn Cahill-Rowley, Jessica Rose
Children born preterm with very-low birth-weight (VLBW) have increased risk of motor impairment. Early identification of impairment guides treatment to improve long-term function. Temporal-spatial gait parameters are an easily-recorded assessment of gross motor function. The objective of this study was to characterize preterm toddlers' gait and its relationship with neurodevelopment. Velocity, cycle time, step width, step length and time asymmetry, %stance, %single-limb support, and %double-limb support were calculated for 81 VLBW preterm and 43 typically-developing (TD) toddlers...
March 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26763312/smaller-cerebellar-growth-and-poorer-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-in%C3%A2-very-preterm-infants-exposed-to-neonatal-morphine
#20
Jill G Zwicker, Steven P Miller, Ruth E Grunau, Vann Chau, Rollin Brant, Colin Studholme, Mengyuan Liu, Anne Synnes, Kenneth J Poskitt, Mikaela L Stiver, Emily W Y Tam
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between morphine exposure and growth of the cerebellum and cerebrum in very preterm neonates from early in life to term-equivalent age, as well as to examine morphine exposure and brain volumes in relation to neurodevelopmental outcomes at 18 months corrected age (CA). STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort of 136 very preterm neonates (24-32 weeks gestational age) was serially scanned with magnetic resonance imaging near birth and at term-equivalent age for volumetric measurements of the cerebellum and cerebrum...
May 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
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