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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350829/spatio-temporal-variation-of-fish-taxonomic-composition-in-a-south-east-asian-flood-pulse-system
#1
Heng Kong, Mathieu Chevalier, Pascal Laffaille, Sovan Lek
The Tonle Sap Lake (TSL) is a flood-pulse system. It is the largest natural lake in South-East Asia and constitutes one of the largest fisheries over the world, supporting the livelihood of million peoples. Nonetheless, the Mekong River Basin is changing rapidly due to accelerating water infrastructure development (hydropower, irrigation, flood control, and water supply) and climate change, bringing considerable modifications to the annual flood-pulse of the TSL. Such modifications are expected to have strong impacts on fish biodiversity and abundance...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344044/impairments-of-motor-function-among-children-with-a-familial-risk-of-schizophrenia-or-bipolar-disorder-at-7-years-old-in-denmark-an-observational-cohort-study
#2
Birgitte Klee Burton, Anne A E Thorup, Jens Richardt Jepsen, Gry Poulsen, Ditte Ellersgaard, Katrine S Spang, Camilla Jerlang Christiani, Nicoline Hemager, Ditte Gantriis, Aja Greve, Ole Mors, Merete Nordentoft, Kerstin Jessica Plessen
BACKGROUND: Owing to the genetic overlap between schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, we aimed to assess domain-specific motor aberrations and disorder specificity among 7-year-old children with a familial risk of schizophrenia or bipolar disorder by comparing children in familial risk groups with each other and with children not in these risk groups. METHODS: In the Danish High Risk and Resilience Study, we established a cohort of 7-year-old children with no, one, or two parents with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder in Denmark between Jan 1, 2013, and Jan 31, 2016...
March 23, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342668/the-herd-effects-of-infant-pcv7-pcv13-sequential-implementation-on-adult-invasive-pneumococcal-disease-six-years-post-implementation-a-nationwide-study-in-israel
#3
Gili Regev-Yochay, Michal Katzir, Jacob Strahilevitz, Galia Rahav, Talya Finn, Dan Miron, Yasmin Maor, Bibiana Chazan, Yehudith Schindler, Ron Dagan
BACKGROUND: Introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) has nearly eliminated vaccine-type (VT) invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in children, yet the reported resulting reduction of adult IPD is variable. We present the indirect impact of sequential PCV7/PCV13 implementation in Israel on adult IPD. METHODS: An ongoing nationwide active surveillance was initiated on July 2009 when PCV7 was implemented (with Catch-up). PCV7 was gradually replaced by PCV13 since November 2010...
March 22, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342241/overt-and-occult-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-among-community-children-in-northwest-china
#4
Haixia Su, Zhongjun Shao, Zhongshu Pu, Yang Wang, Lei Zhang, Weilu Zhang, Bo Wang, Anhui Wang, Zhaohua Ji, Yongping Yan, Yuhai Zhang
Although a universal newborn hepatitis B (HB) immunization program has been implemented in China, hepatitis B virus (HBV) breakthrough infection, including HB surface antigen (HBsAg)-positive infection and occult HBV infection (OBI), still occurs during infancy or childhood. Obtaining the actual prevalence of HBV infection in general children is important for preventing and controlling the spread of HB. Accordingly, we investigated the prevalence of overt infection and OBI in community children and compared the serological and virological characteristics of OBI and HBsAg-carrier children to clarify the mechanisms related to OBI...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341880/long-term-skeletal-and-dental-effects-of-facemask-versus-chincup-treatment-in-class-iii-patients-a-retrospective-study
#5
B Wendl, M Stampfl, A P Muchitsch, H Droschl, H Winsauer, A Walter, M Wendl, T Wendl
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the skeletal and dental changes during chincup versus facemask treatment, to compare the long-term effects of the two appliances, and to document the impact of each on treatment success. METHODS: In all, 61 patients with Class III syndrome were retrospectively analyzed at three examination times: 7.8 ± 1.7 years of age (T0, pretreatment), 9.6 ± 2.4 years of age (T1, posttreatment), and around 15-20 years later (T2, long-term follow-up)...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339986/the-national-association-of-social-workers-code-of-ethics-and-cultural-competence-what-does-anne-fadiman-s-the-spirit-catches-you-and-you-fall-down-teach-us-today
#6
Haylee Hebenstreit
This article discusses limitations in the National Association of Social Workers (NASW) Code of Ethics conceptualization of "cultural competence." It uses the case example presented in Anne Fadiman's classic (2012) work, The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down: A Hmong Child, Her American Doctors, and the Collision of Two Cultures, to explore the conventional markers of cultural competence, as taught in contemporary graduate-level social work education curricula, and their implications for socially just practice...
March 4, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339727/rapid-decrease-in-rates-of-hospitalization-resulting-from-invasive-pneumococcal-disease-and-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-children-aged-60-months-after-13-valent-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-introduction-in-argentina
#7
Eduardo L López, Eduardo Glatstein, Gustavo C Ezcurra, Marisa Iacono, Eduardo Teplitz, Analía V Garnero, Daniela L Lazzarini, Miryan Vázquez, María M Contrini
Background.: In January 2012, Argentina included universal pneumococcal vaccination in the routine childhood vaccination program using a 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13). A 2 + 1 schedule (2 doses in the first year of life and a booster dose at 12 months of age) in children aged <2 years and 2-dose catch-up immunization in children aged 13 to 24 months was administered during the first year of vaccine introduction. The purpose of this study was to assess the burdens of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) and/or community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in hospitalized children younger than 5 years during the first 2 years of the program compared to those in the prevaccination period in our setting...
February 23, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339365/thresholds-for-the-28-joint-disease-activity-score-das28-using-c-reactive-protein-are-lower-compared-to-das28-using-erythrocyte-sedimentation-rate-in-early-rheumatoid-arthritis
#8
Bindee Kuriya, Orit Schieir, Daming Lin, Juan Xiong, Janet Pope, Gilles Boire, Boulos Haraoui, John Carter Thorne, Diane Tin, Carol Hitchon, Shahin Jamal, Edward Keystone, Vivien P Bykerk
OBJECTIVES: The 28-Joint Disease Activity Score (DAS28) using C-reactive protein (CRP) and DAS28 using erythrocyte sedimentation rate (DAS28-ESR) may not be interchangeable. We sought to compare and estimate optimal thresholds for the DA28-CRP for use in early rheumatoid arthritis (ERA). METHODS: Patients from the Canadian Early Arthritis Cohort with baseline and 12 months' data for both DAS28-ESR and DAS28-CRP were examined for correlations and differences between DAS28-CRP and DAS28-ESR across their range of values...
March 23, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336208/reducing-the-marine-debris-of-recreational-hoop-nets-in-south-eastern-australia
#9
Matt K Broadhurst, Russell B Millar
Alternative configurations of Australian recreational portunid hoop nets were investigated to address debris and selectivity issues. Four treatment nets (all comprising 152-mm polyamide-PA mesh) were assessed that differed in their twine (conventional multifilament vs new multi-monofilament) and fishing configuration (conventional conical vs inverted shapes). The conical multifilament design lost means (±SEs) of 130.6±23.1 and 5.3±1.2mm of twine 3-h soak(-1) when used to target Scylla serrata and Portunus pelagicus...
March 20, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335014/impact-of-high-intensity-polio-eradication-activities-on-children-s-routine-immunization-status-in-northern-india
#10
Marco J Haenssgen
The objective of this article is to analyse and quantify the side effects of the Polio Eradication Initiative on routine immunization performance in India. Past studies have faced methodological challenges in assessing these side effects. This article offers a methodological alternative for health policy analysts. The research uses secondary household survey data from the Indian District-Level Household and Facility Survey (DLHS), focusing on children aged 10-30 months in the Northern Indian states of Uttar Pradesh (n = 34 327) and Bihar (n = 20 525)...
March 16, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334411/first-report-of-mating-disruption-with-an-aggregation-pheromone-a-case-study-with-tetropium-fuscum-coleoptera-cerambycidae
#11
Jon Sweeney, Peter J Silk, Marc Rhainds, Wayne MacKay, Cory Hughes, Kate Van Rooyen, Wayne MacKinnon, Gaetan Leclair, Steve Holmes, Edward G Kettela
Tetropium fuscum (F.), native to Europe and established in Nova Scotia, Canada, since at least 1990, is considered a low-to-moderate threat to spruce (Picea spp.) forests in North America and regulated as a quarantine pest by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency. We tested broadcast applications of the aggregation pheromone racemic (5E)-6,10-dimethyl-5,9-undecadien-2-ol (fuscumol), formulated at 10% concentration in Hercon Bio-Flakes (Hercon International, Emigsville, PA), for efficacy in disrupting T. fuscum mating and suppressing populations...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334308/evaluation-of-pheromone-trap-devices-for-the-capture-of-thaumetopoea-pityocampa-lepidoptera-thaumetopoeidae-in-southern-europe
#12
Christos G Athanassiou, Nickolas G Kavallieratos, David Pardo, José Sancho, Marco Colacci, Maria C Boukouvala, Anastassia J Nikolaidou, Demetrius C Kondodimas, Enrique Benavent-Fernández, Santiago Gálvez-Settier, Pasquale Trematerra
The development of reliable monitoring techniques can offer valuable sources of knowledge on the control of Thaumetopoea pityocampa (Denis and Schiffermüller) (Lepidoptera: Thaumetopoeidae). Nevertheless, there is a knowledge gap on the simultaneous large-scale monitoring of T. pityocampa male adult population by using novel trap devices. Thus, the influence of type of trap device on the capture of male adults of T. pityocampa was evaluated in four areas with pine trees in southern Europe; two in Greece (Thessaly and Attica), one in Italy (Molise), and one in Spain (Valencia)...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333500/catching-fire-and-spreading-it-a-glimpse-into-displayed-entrepreneurial-passion-in-crowdfunding-campaigns
#13
Junchao Jason Li, Xiao-Ping Chen, Suresh Kotha, Greg Fisher
Crowdfunding is an emerging phenomenon that enables entrepreneurs to solicit financial contributions for new projects from mass audiences. Drawing on the elaboration likelihood model of persuasion and emotional contagion theory, the authors examined the importance of displayed entrepreneurial passion when seeking resources in a crowdfunding context. They proposed that entrepreneurs' displayed passion in the introductory video for a crowdfunding project increases viewers' experienced enthusiasm about the project (i...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331581/strong-bottom-up-influences-on-small-mammal-populations-state-space-model-analyses-from-long-term-studies
#14
John R Flowerdew, Tatsuya Amano, William J Sutherland
"Bottom-up" influences, that is, masting, plus population density and climate, commonly influence woodland rodent demography. However, "top-down" influences (predation) also intervene. Here, we assess the impacts of masting, climate, and density on rodent populations placed in the context of what is known about "top-down" influences. To explain between-year variations in bank vole Myodes glareolus and wood mouse Apodemus sylvaticus population demography, we applied a state-space model to 33 years of catch-mark-release live-trapping, winter temperature, and precise mast-collection data...
March 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331047/ascension-island-a-survey-to-assess-the-presence-of-zika-virus-vectors
#15
G Bullivant, A F Martinou
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Following concerns regarding the spread of Zika virus, Joint Services Health Unit (Cyprus) were tasked to carry out a mosquito survey on the Ascension Island, South Atlantic. This was to determine if vectors of the virus such as Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus were introduced and established on the Island. METHODS: An extensive survey of residential areas and natural habitats was initiated in order to collect mosquito larvae and adults by methods such as larval sampling, adult trapping and human landing catches...
March 22, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329220/prolonged-exposures-to-intermittent-hypoxia-promote-visceral-white-adipose-tissue-inflammation-in-a-murine-model-of-severe-sleep-apnea-effect-of-normoxic-recovery
#16
Alex Gileles-Hillel, Isaac Almendros, Abdelnaby Khalyfa, Recep Nigdelioglu, Zhuanhong Qiao, Robert B Hamanaka, Gökhan M Mutlu, Mahzad Akbarpour, David Gozal
Study Objectives: Increased visceral white adipose tissue (vWAT) mass results in infiltration of inflammatory macrophages that drive inflammation and insulin resistance. Patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) suffer from increased prevalence of obesity, insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome. Murine models of intermittent hypoxia (IH) mimicking moderate-severe OSA manifest insulin resistance following short-term IH. We examined in mice the effect of long-term IH on the inflammatory cellular changes within vWAT, and the potential effect of normoxic recovery (IH-R)...
December 22, 2016: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326431/effects-of-a-supraseasonal-drought-on-the-ecological-attributes-of-plagioscion-squamosissimus-heckel-1840-pisces-sciaenidae-in-a-brazilian-reservoir
#17
Antonia E F Souza, Jônnata F Oliveira, Danielle Peretti, Rodrigo Fernandes, Rodrigo S Costa, José Luis Costa Novaes
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a supraseasonal drought on the ecological attributes of Plagioscion squamosissimus. The fish were caught quarterly from February 2010 to November 2014 using gill nets in the reservoir of Santa Cruz, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. The abundance of the species was evaluated with the catch per unit effort (CPUE) metric and then correlated with the accumulated rainfall and water volume of the reservoir. The diet of the fish was evaluated using the feeding index (IAi)...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325856/prevalence-of-undiagnosed-asymptomatic-bacteriuria-and-associated-risk-factors-during-pregnancy-a-cross-sectional-study-at-two-tertiary-centres-in-cairo-egypt
#18
Mohamed Abdel-Aziz Elzayat, Ashton Barnett-Vanes, Mohamed Farag Elmorsy Dabour, Feng Cheng
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) during pregnancy is poorly understood in Egypt-a country with a high birth rate. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of ASB among pregnant women booking at El Hussein and Sayed Galal Hospitals in Al-Azhar University in Egypt; and to observe the relationship between ASB prevalence and risk factors such as socioeconomic level and personal hygiene. SETTING: Obstetrics and gynaecology clinics of 2 university hospitals in the capital of Egypt...
March 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325055/-experience-with-hepatoblastoma-treatment-in-small-children-the-use-of-preoperative-3d-virtual-analysis-mevis-for-liver-resections
#19
J Janek, P Bician, P Kenderessy, P Kothaj, K Novotná, J Koňarčík, Ľ Laca, J Ulianko, I Dedinská
INTRODUCTION: Hepatoblastoma is an uncommon but most frequent liver cancer in infants and children. The therapy is complex, including neoadjuvant, surgical, and adjuvant therapy. For surgery, the presence of a specialized surgeon and an anaesthesiologist is required. For planning the surgery, the 3D analysis MeVis is currently available. The objective of the work is the assessment of a group of children operated for a liver hepatoblastoma and the assessment of contribution of a pre-surgery virtual 3D analysis MeVis for a surgeon...
2017: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324743/visual-tracking-hot-pursuit-with-tiny-eyes
#20
Eric J Warrant
Flying insect predators intercept their aerial prey with deadly precision. New research reveals that a tiny robber fly, with a brain smaller than a pinhead, achieves this using the same visual mechanism that we ourselves employ to catch a passing ball.
March 20, 2017: Current Biology: CB
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