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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221874/comparing-thermal-process-validation-methods-for-salmonella-inactivation-on-almond-kernels
#1
Sanghyup Jeong, Bradley P Marks, Michael K James
Ongoing regulatory changes are increasing the need for reliable process validation methods for pathogen reduction processes involving low-moisture products; however, the reliability of various validation methods has not been evaluated. Therefore, the objective was to quantify accuracy and repeatability of four validation methods (two biologically based and two based on time-temperature models) for thermal pasteurization of almonds. Almond kernels were inoculated with Salmonella Enteritidis phage type 30 or Enterococcus faecium (NRRL B-2354) at ~10(8) CFU/g, equilibrated to 0...
January 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220660/sarcoma-survivors-perspectives-on-their-body-image-and-functional-quality-of-life-post-resection-limb-salvage-surgery
#2
Myra F Taylor, Julie A Pooley
Sarcomas often occur in patients' extremities and treatment typically involves bone resection/limb salvage surgery. Such treatments leave survivors with physical disfigurements, functional disabilities, and/or emotional traumas. Our post-surgery psychological intervention investigated how these experiences impinge on sarcoma survivors' lives. Twenty-three survivors aged 19-60 years (M = 36 years) participated in a tri-disciplinary (rehabilitative exercise, plastic surgery and psychological) intervention...
February 21, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220418/in-vitro-ubiquitination-activity-assays-in-plant-immune-responses
#3
Giulia Furlan, Marco Trujillo
Ubiquitination is a central posttranslational modification that impinges on the fate of proteins. While attachment of K48-linked chains onto soluble proteins marks them for proteolysis via the 26S proteasome, mono-ubiquitination or K63-linked chains result in the endocytosis and sorting through the endomembrane system of integral membrane proteins, such as pattern recognition receptors. In vitro ubiquitination assays allow the biochemical analysis of all individual components of the ubiquitination machinery and its potential substrates...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219940/surgical-criteria-for-femoroacetabular-impingement-syndrome-a-scoping-review
#4
REVIEW
Scott Peters, Alisha Laing, Courtney Emerson, Kelsey Mutchler, Thomas Joyce, Kristian Thorborg, Per Hölmich, Michael Reiman
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this review was to analyse and report criteria used for open and arthroscopic surgical treatment of femoroacetabular impingement syndrome (FAIS). METHODS: A librarian-assisted computer search of Medline, CINAHL and Embase for studies related to criterion for FAIS surgery was used in this study. Inclusion criteria included studies with the primary purpose of surgery or surgical outcomes for treatment of FAIS with and without labral tear, and reporting criteria for FAIS surgery...
February 20, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218372/chronological-changes-in-functional-cup-position-at-10-years-after-total-hip-arthroplasty
#5
Yusuke Okanoue, Masahiko Ikeuchi, Shogo Takaya, Masashi Izumi, Koji Aso, Teruhiko Kawakami
PURPOSE: This study aims to clarify the chronological changes in functional cup position at a minimum follow-up of 10 years after total hip arthroplasty (THA), and to identify the risk factors influencing a significant difference in functional cup position during the postoperative follow-up period. METHODS: We evaluated the chronological changes in functional cup position at a minimum follow-up of 10 years after THA in 58 patients with unilateral hip osteoarthritis...
February 15, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218267/dislocation-mechanisms-and-3d-twin-architectures-generate-exceptional-strength-ductility-toughness-combination-in-crconi-medium-entropy-alloy
#6
Zijiao Zhang, Hongwei Sheng, Zhangjie Wang, Bernd Gludovatz, Ze Zhang, Easo P George, Qian Yu, Scott X Mao, Robert O Ritchie
Combinations of high strength and ductility are hard to attain in metals. Exceptions include materials exhibiting twinning-induced plasticity. To understand how the strength-ductility trade-off can be defeated, we apply in situ, and aberration-corrected scanning, transmission electron microscopy to examine deformation mechanisms in the medium-entropy alloy CrCoNi that exhibits one of the highest combinations of strength, ductility and toughness on record. Ab initio modelling suggests that it has negative stacking-fault energy at 0K and high propensity for twinning...
February 20, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217425/short-term-effects-of-instrument-assisted-soft-tissue-mobilization-on-pain-free-range-of-motion-in-a-weightlifter-with-subacromial-pain-syndrome
#7
Joseph Paul Coviello, Rumit Singh Kakar, Timothy James Reynolds
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: While there is limited evidence supporting the use of soft tissue mobilization techniques for Subacromial Pain Syndrome (SAPS), synonymous with subacromial impingement syndrome, previous studies have reported successful outcomes using soft tissue mobilization as a treatment technique. The purpose of this case report is to document the results of Instrument-Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization (IASTM) for the treatment of SAPS. CASE DESCRIPTION: Diagnosis was reached based on the subject's history, tenderness to palpation, and four out of five positive tests in the diagnostic cluster...
February 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216944/ureteric-erosion-and-obstruction-a-rare-but-dreaded-complication-of-intrauterine-contraceptive-device
#8
Vinod Priyadarshi, Nidhi Sehgal, Dipanwita Sen
Though intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD) is a safe and most frequently used long-term contraceptive method, it has some complications. Uterine perforation and intra-abdominal migration have been reported often, but a retroperitoneal migration is exceptional. Here, we are reporting an IUCD which perforated the uterus and migrated to the retroperitoneum; impinging into and obstructing left ureter causing severe hydroureteronephrosis due to the development of the left lower ureteric stricture.
January 2017: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215549/caregiver-communication-to-the-child-as-moderator-and-mediator-of-genes-for-language
#9
Luca Onnis
Human language appears to be unique among natural communication systems, and such uniqueness impinges on both nature and nurture. Human babies are endowed with cognitive abilities that predispose them to learn language, and this process cannot operate in an impoverished environment. To be effectively complete the acquisition of human language in human children requires highly socialised forms of learning, scaffolded over years of prolonged and intense caretaker-child interactions. How genes and environment operate in shaping language is unknown...
February 16, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214917/mtss1-promotes-maturation-and-maintenance-of-cerebellar-neurons-via-splice-variant-specific-effects
#10
Thorsten Sistig, Fanziska Lang, Sebastian Wrobel, Stephan L Baader, Karl Schilling, Britta Eiberger
Efficient coupling of the actin cytoskeleton to the cell membrane is crucial for histogenesis and maintenance of the nervous system. At this critical interface, BAR (Bin-Amphiphysin-Rvs) proteins regulate membrane bending, shown to be instrumental for mobility and morphogenesis of individual cells. Yet, the systemic significance of these proteins remains largely unexplored. Here, we probe the role of a prominent member of this protein family, the inverse-BAR protein Mtss1, for the development and function of a paradigmatic neuronal circuit, the cerebellar cortex...
February 18, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214118/optimizing-peri-urban-ecosystems-pure-to-re-couple-urban-rural-symbiosis
#11
REVIEW
Yong-Guan Zhu, Brian J Reid, Andrew A Meharg, Steve A Banwart, Bo-Jie Fu
Globally, rapid urbanization, along with economic development, is dramatically changing the balance of biogeochemical cycles, impacting upon ecosystem services and impinging on United Nation global sustainability goals (inter alia: sustainable cities and communities; responsible consumption and production; good health and well-being; clean water and sanitation, and; to protect and conserve life on land and below water). A key feature of the urban ecosystems is that nutrient stocks, carbon (C), nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P), are being enriched...
February 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211284/decreased-axial-coracoid-inclination-angle-is-associated-with-rotator-cuff-tears
#12
Carlos Torrens, Eduard Alentorn-Geli, Juan Francisco Sanchez, Anna Isart, Fernando Santana
PURPOSE: Coracoid morphology has been related to coracoid impingement mainly resulting in anterior shoulder pain aggravated by forward flexion and internal rotation. However, the coracoid process morphology can also affect the inclination of the coracoacromial ligament and subsequently the subacromial space in the same way that acromial slope does. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of the coracoid body-glenoid surface, coracoid tip-glenoid surface, and coracoid body-coracoid tip angles (coracoid inclination angles) on rotator cuff tears (RCTs)...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210944/postoperative-imaging-in-arthroscopic-hip-surgery
#13
REVIEW
F Di Pietto, V Chianca, R de Ritis, E Cesarano, A Reginelli, A Barile, M Zappia, L Ginolfi
Arthroscopic surgery of the hip, compared to that of the knee or the shoulder, has only recently been developed in any significant way. Current indications for arthroscopic surgery of the hip include: diagnosis and treatment of lesions symptomatic of the acetabular labrum, femoroacetabular impingement (FAI), chondral lesions, joint infections, lesions of the teres ligament, impingement of the psoas tendon, pathology of the peritrochanteric space, external snapping hip (coxa saltans), and traumatic and atraumatic instability...
February 16, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209916/diabetic-concentrations-of-metformin-inhibit-platelet-mediated-ovarian-cancer-cell-progression
#14
Rafaela Erices, Sofía Cubillos, Raúl Aravena, Felice Santoro, Monica Marquez, Renan Orellana, Carolina Ramírez, Pamela González, Patricia Fuenzalida, María Loreto Bravo, Bárbara Oliva, Sumie Kato, Carolina Ibañez, Jorge Brañes, Erasmo Bravo, Catalina Alonso, Karen García, Clemente Arab, Vicente A Torres, Alejandro S Godoy, Jaime Pereira, Galdo Bustos, Julio Cesar Cardenas, Mauricio A Cuello, Gareth I Owen
Clinical studies have suggested a survival benefit in ovarian cancer patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus taking metformin, however the mechanism by which diabetic concentrations of metformin could deliver this effect is still poorly understood. Platelets not only represent an important reservoir of growth factors and angiogenic regulators, they are also known to participate in the tumor microenvironment implicated in tumor growth and dissemination. Herein, we investigated if diabetic concentrations of metformin could impinge upon the previously reported observation that platelet induces an increase in the tube forming capacity of endothelial cells (angiogenesis) and upon ovarian cancer cell aggressiveness...
February 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209142/accuracy-of-magnetic-resonance-studies-in-the-detection-of-chondral-and-labral-lesions-in-femoroacetabular-impingement-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
A M Saied, C Redant, M El-Batouty, M R El-Lakkany, W A El-Adl, J Anthonissen, R Verdonk, E A Audenaert
BACKGROUND: Several types of Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are commonly used in imaging of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI), however till now there are no clear protocols and recommendations for each type. The aim of this meta-analysis is to detect the accuracy of conventional magnetic resonance imaging (cMRI), direct magnetic resonance arthrography (dMRA) and indirect magnetic resonance arthrography (iMRA) in the diagnosis of chondral and labral lesions in femoroacetabular impingement (FAI)...
February 16, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207972/anatomical-study-of-the-inferior-patellar-pole-and-patellar-tendon
#16
M Edama, I Kageyama, M Nakamura, T Kikumoto, E Nakamura, W Ito, T Takabayashi, T Inai, H Onishi
In this study, detailed investigations of the shape of the inferior patellar pole, the site of the patellar tendon attachment, and the length and course of the patellar tendon were performed with the aim of examining the anatomical factors involved in the developmental mechanism of patellar tendinitis.  The investigation examined 100 legs from 50 cadavers. The inferior patellar pole was classified into three types: Pointed, Intermediate, and Blunt. The attachment of the patellar tendon to the inferior patellar pole was classified into two types: an anterior and a posterior...
February 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207315/diagnosis-of-lumbosacral-diskospondylosis-in-a-bucking-bull-assisted-by-high-definition-thermal-and-nuclear-scintigraphic-imaging
#17
Marc Caldwell, Thomas Passler, Ram C Purohit, David Pascoe, Dwight F Wolfe
CASE DESCRIPTION An 8-year-old Brahman-cross bull was evaluated for left hind limb lameness of 2 months' duration. The lameness was first noticed during a rodeo bucking performance, immediately after the bull appeared to land inappropriately on the affected limb. CLINICAL FINDINGS Physical examination findings revealed left hind limb lameness, ataxia, and left-sided epaxial muscle atrophy. Palpation per rectum along the lumbar portion of the vertebral column revealed evidence of exostosis of the ventral aspect...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206864/impact-of-topical-application-site-on-the-efficacy-of-permethrin-and-malathion-to-culex-quinquefasciatus
#18
Robert L Aldridge, Phillip E Kaufman, Jeffrey R Bloomquist, Salvador A Gezan, Kenneth J Linthicum
Although insecticide spray droplets will potentially impinge on many exoskeletal body regions, traditional mosquito topical bioassays focus insecticide application to the mesothoracic pleural or dorsal area. Concentrations of permethrin and malathion found in droplets from ultra-low volume and low-volume sprays were evaluated for efficacy against adult Culex quinquefasciatus using a topical application bioassay. Results document nonuniform insecticide sensitivity across body regions, which has not been previously assessed in mosquitoes...
December 2016: Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205478/scaphotrapeziotrapezoidal-joint-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-of-surgical-treatment
#19
Victoria M Deans, Zafar Naqui, Lindsay T S W Muir
BACKGROUND: The management of scaphotrapeziotrapezoidal (STT) joint osteoarthritis (OA) remains controversial. This systematic review aims to review the evidence for surgical interventions specific to STT OA. METHODS: Medline and Embase libraries were searched using a pre-defined search strategy in October 2014. All study designs and languages were included and evaluated by two reviewers (VMD and LM) against the inclusion/exclusion criteria. The study eligibility criteria included papers discussing surgical treatment of STT OA, and the review was conducted using the PRISMA guidelines...
March 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205477/radiocapitellar-impingement-after-a-pediatric-type-ii-capitellar-fracture
#20
Chul-Hyun Cho, Beom-Soo Kim, Kwang-Soon Song
We present a case of radiocapitellar impingement caused by osteochondral fragment after type II capitellar fracture. Painful extension limitation of the elbow was treated successfully by diagnostic arthroscopy and mini-open removal of loose body. A displaced type II capitellar fracture in children is extremely rare, but must be carefully diagnosed and treated.
March 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
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