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Shared decision making

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723588/shared-decision-making-with-parents-of-acutely-ill-children-a-narrative-review
#1
REVIEW
Paul L Aronson, Eugene D Shapiro, Linda M Niccolai, Liana Fraenkel
BACKGROUND: Shared decision-making (SDM) has mostly been used with adults and parents in the primary care setting, and there is limited knowledge on the use of SDM with parents of acutely ill children. OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on SDM with parents in the management of acutely ill children. DATA SOURCES: We searched MEDLINE, SCOPUS, PsycINFO, the Cochrane Library, and ClinicalTrials.gov for English language studies published from the time of database inception to February, 2017...
July 16, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721021/addressing-the-elephant-in-the-room-a-possible-new-way-to-increase-patient-adherence-to-medical-advice
#2
Gudmund Grønhaug
Lack of patient adherence to medical advice (PAMA) is recognized as an area of interest. None of the previous initiatives to improve PAMA, such as patient centered care and shared decision making, have proved to be successful in terms of improving patient adherence. The aim of the present study is to assess beliefs about priorities in public health care, and adherence to medical advice, to establish a novel approach to increase PAMA. The present study is based on responses to two questions in an experimental survey from the Norwegian Citizen Panel, addressing people's attitudes to priorities in public health care and adherence to medical advice...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720181/computerized-tests-of-team-performance-and-crew-coordination-suitable-for-military-aviation-settings
#3
Ben D Lawson, Thomas W Britt, Amanda M Kelley, Jeremy R Athy, Shauna M Legan
INTRODUCTION: The coordination of team effort on shared tasks is an area of inquiry. A number of tests of team performance in challenging environments have been developed without comparison or standardization. This article provides a systematic review of the most accessible and usable low-to-medium fidelity computerized tests of team performance and determines which are most applicable to military- and aviation-relevant research, such as studies of group command, control, communication, and crew coordination...
August 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720103/an-information-and-communication-technology-based-centralized-clinical-trial-to-determine-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-insulin-dose-adjustment-education-based-on-a-smartphone-personal-health-record-application-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Gyuri Kim, Ji Cheol Bae, Byoung Kee Yi, Kyu Yeon Hur, Dong Kyung Chang, Moon-Kyu Lee, Jae Hyeon Kim, Sang-Man Jin
BACKGROUND: A Personal Health Record (PHR) is an online application that allows patients to access, manage, and share their health data. PHRs not only enhance shared decision making with healthcare providers, but also enable remote monitoring and at-home-collection of detailed data. The benefits of PHRs can be maximized in insulin dose adjustment for patients starting or intensifying insulin regimens, as frequent self-monitoring of glucose, self-adjustment of insulin dose, and precise at-home data collection during the visit-to-visit period are important for glycemic control...
July 18, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720047/ring-avulsion-injuries-a-systematic-review
#5
Ravinder Bamba, Gautam Malhotra, Reuben A Bueno, Wesley P Thayer, R Bruce Shack
BACKGROUND: Ring avulsion injuries can range from soft tissue injury to complete amputation. Grading systems have been developed to guide treatment, but there is controversy with high-grade injuries. Traditionally, advanced ring injuries have been treated with completion amputation, but there is evidence that severe ring injuries can be salvaged. The purpose of this systematic review was to pool the current published data on ring injuries. METHODS: A systematic review of the English literature published from 1980 to 2015 in PubMed and MEDLINE databases was conducted to identify patients who underwent treatment for ring avulsion injuries...
February 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716293/costs-of-providing-infusion-therapy-for-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-a-hospital-based-infusion-center-setting
#6
Jordana Schmier, Kristine Ogden, Nancy Nickman, Michael T Halpern, Mary Cifaldi, Arijit Ganguli, Yanjun Bao, Vishvas Garg
PURPOSE: Many hospital-based infusion centers treat patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with intravenous biologic agents, yet may have a limited understanding of the overall costs of infusion in this setting. The purposes of this study were to conduct a microcosting analysis from a hospital perspective and to develop a model using an activity-based costing approach for estimating costs associated with the provision of hospital-based infusion services (preparation, administration, and follow-up) in the United States for maintenance treatment of moderate to severe RA...
July 14, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715467/dealing-with-foreign-cultural-paradigms-a-systematic-review-on-intercultural-challenges-of-international-medical-graduates
#7
Kerstin Michalski, Nabeel Farhan, Edith Motschall, Werner Vach, Martin Boeker
OBJECTIVES: An increasing number of International Medical Graduates (IMG), who are defined to be physicians working in a country other than their country of origin and training, immigrate to Western countries. In order to ensure safe and high-quality patient care, they have to take medical and language tests. This systematic review aims to (1) collect all empiric research on intercultural communication of IMGs in medical settings, (2) identify and categorize all text passages mentioning intercultural issues in the included studies, and (3) describe the most commonly reported intercultural areas of communication of IMGs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715105/a-simulation-based-approach-to-measuring-team-situational-awareness-in-emergency-medicine-a-multicenter-observational-study
#8
Elizabeth D Rosenman, Aurora J Dixon, Jessica M Webb, Sarah Brolliar, Simon J Golden, Kerin A Jones, Sachita Shah, James A Grand, Steve W J Kozlowski, Georgia T Chao, Rosemarie Fernandez
OBJECTIVES: Team situational awareness (TSA) is critical for effective teamwork and supports dynamic decision-making in unpredictable, time-pressured situations. Simulation provides a platform for developing and assessing TSA; but these efforts are limited by suboptimal measurement approaches. The objective of this study was to develop and evaluate a novel approach to TSA measurement in interprofessional emergency medicine teams. METHODS: We performed a multicenter, prospective, simulation-based observational study to evaluate an approach to TSA measurement...
July 17, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714644/-dialysis-implementation-in-elderly-patients-a-difficult-clinical-choice
#9
Silesia Da Graca, Patrick Saudan
Prevalence of elderly patients with end-stage kidney disease has increased. Implementation of dialysis does not offer a clear advantage in terms of life expectancy and quality of life compared to a conservative treatment in these patients, especially in emergency and in those with severe comorbidities. The choice between dialysis and supportive care should be based on a shared decision-making process between the patient, his family and the caregivers.
February 22, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712713/molecular-signatures-and-shared-decision-making-for-precision-medicine
#10
Bruce J Trock, Frank Hinman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712160/perspectives-on-childhood-resilience-among-the-aboriginal-community-an-interview-study
#11
Christian Young, Allison Tong, Janice Nixon, Peter Fernando, Deanna Kalucy, Simone Sherriff, Kathleen Clapham, Jonathan C Craig, Anna Williamson
OBJECTIVE: To describe Aboriginal community members' perspectives on the outcomes and origins of resilience among Aboriginal children. METHODS: Face-to-face interviews were conducted with 36 Aboriginal adults (15 health service professionals, 8 youth workers and 13 community members) at two urban and one regional Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Service in New South Wales. Interviews were transcribed and analysed thematically. RESULTS: We identified six themes: withstanding risk (displaying normative development, possessing inner fortitude); adapting to adversity (necessary endurance, masking inner vulnerabilities); positive social influences (secure family environments, role modelling healthy behaviours and relationships); instilling cultural identity (investing in Aboriginal knowledge, building a strong cultural self-concept); community safeguards (offering strategic sustainable services, holistic support, shared responsibility, providing enriching opportunities); and personal empowerment (awareness of positive pathways, developing self-respect, fostering positive decision making)...
July 16, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711397/birth-stories-from-south-africa-voices-unheard
#12
Marie Hastings-Tolsma, Anna G W Nolte, Annie Temane
BACKGROUND: The manner that birth events unfold can have a lasting impact on women. Giving voice to women's experiences is key in the creation of care that embodies humanistic, family-centred service. AIM: The aim of this research was to describe the experiences of women receiving care during childbirth. METHODS: The design was qualitative and descriptive using thematic analysis to analyse women's birth stories. A purposive sample of women (N=12) who had recently given birth in South Africa was selected...
July 12, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711299/fracture-risk-assessment-in-clinical-practice-why-do-it-what-to-do-it-with
#13
Manju Chandran
Fracture is the outcome of concern in osteoporosis, and fracture reduction is the primary goal of osteoporosis treatment. Fracture risk assessment is a critical component in osteoporosis management. The earlier approach of deciding on whether to treat solely based on bone mineral density (BMD) T-scores has been supplanted by employing the concept of absolute risk over medium time periods and more encompassing integration of clinical risk factors with or without BMD into robust fracture risk assessment tools...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710056/health-related-coping-and-social-interaction-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-supported-by-a-social-network-pilot-study-with-a-new-methodological-approach
#14
Luigi Lavorgna, Antonio Russo, Manuela De Stefano, Roberta Lanzillo, Sabrina Esposito, Fatemeh Moshtari, Francesco Rullani, Kyrie Piscopo, Daniela Buonanno, Vincenzo Brescia Morra, Antonio Gallo, Gioacchino Tedeschi, Simona Bonavita
BACKGROUND: Social media are a vital link for people with health concerns who find in Web communities a valid and comforting source for information exchange, debate, and knowledge enrichment. This aspect is important for people affected by chronic diseases like multiple sclerosis (MS), who are very well informed about the disease but are vulnerable to hopes of being cured or saved by therapies whose efficacy is not always scientifically proven. To improve health-related coping and social interaction for people with MS, we created an MS social network (SMsocialnetwork...
July 14, 2017: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708876/presentation-at-computed-tomography-ct-scan-of-the-thorax-and-first-year-diagnostic-and-treatment-utilization-among-patients-diagnosed-with-lung-cancer
#15
Adam C Powell, Amin J Mirhadi, Bryan A Loy, Laura E Happe, James W Long, Erin M Kren, Amit K Gupta
BACKGROUND: As Medicare expands the use of computed tomography (CT) for diagnosing lung cancer, there is increased opportunity to diagnose lung cancer in asymptomatic patients. This descriptive study characterizes the disease-specific diagnostic and treatment services that patients with a positive diagnosis following CT received, stratified by presentation at CT. METHODS: Patients who were diagnosed with lung cancer following CT in 2013, had no history of lung cancer, survived at least 1 year, were aged 55-80 years, and had Medicare Advantage insurance were included...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708781/fracture-site-mobility-at-six-weeks-following-humeral-shaft-fracture-predicts-nonunion-without-surgery
#16
Adam S Driesman, Nina Fisher, Raj Karia, Sanjit Konda, Kenneth A Egol
OBJECTIVES: To assess the presence of fracture site gross motion on physical examination to predict humeral shaft fracture progression to nonunion in patients managed non-operatively. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study SETTING:: Single trauma level 1 institutional center PATIENTS:: Eighty-four consecutive patients undergoing non-operative treatment of a diaphyseal humeral shaft fracture were identified. The average age of the population was 48.3 years and 50% of the cohort was male...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706092/development-of-an-intervention-to-support-patients-and-clinicians-with-advanced-lung-cancer-when-considering-systematic-anticancer-therapy-protocol-for-the-pact-study
#17
Despina Anagnostou, Stephanie Sivell, Simon Noble, Jason Lester, Anthony Byrne, Catherine Sampson, Mirella Longo, Annmarie Nelson
INTRODUCTION: Patient-centred care is essential to the delivery of healthcare; however, this necessitates direct patient involvement in clinical decision-making and can be challenging for patients diagnosed with advanced non-small cell lung cancer where there may be misunderstanding of the extent of disease, prognosis and aims of treatment. In this context, decisions are complex and there is a need to balance the risks and benefits, including treatment with palliative intent. The aim of the PACT study is to identify the information and decision support needs of patients, leading to the development of an intervention to support patients with advanced lung cancer when considering treatment options...
July 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705015/decision-making-on-shared-sanitation-in-the-informal-settlements-of-kisumu-kenya
#18
Sheillah Simiyu, Mark Swilling, Sandy Cairncross
Unlike most quantitative studies that investigate decision-making on investing in sanitation, this study adopted a qualitative approach to investigate decision-making on shared sanitation in the informal settlements of Kisumu city, in Kenya. Using a grounded theory approach, landlords and tenants were interviewed to identify sanitation decisions, individuals involved in decision-making and factors influencing decision-making. The results indicate that the main sanitation decisions are on investment, emptying, repair and cleaning...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704249/patient-survey-of-referral-from-one-surgeon-to-another-to-reduce-maximum-waiting-time-for-elective-surgery-and-hours-of-overutilized-operating-room-time
#19
Ilana I Logvinov, Franklin Dexter, Elisabeth U Dexter, Sorin J Brull
BACKGROUND: Studies of shared (patient-provider) decision making for elective surgical care have examined both the decision whether to have surgery and patients' understanding of treatment options. We consider shared decision making applied to case scheduling, since implementation would reduce labor costs. METHODS: Study questions were presented in sequence of waiting times, starting with 4 workdays. "Assume the consultant surgeon (ie, the surgeon in charge) you met in clinic did not have time available to do your surgery within the next 4 workdays, but his/her colleague would have had time to do your surgery within the next 4 workdays...
July 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704247/comparison-of-registered-and-reported-outcomes-in-randomized-clinical-trials-published-in-anesthesiology-journals
#20
Philip M Jones, Jeffrey T Y Chow, Miguel F Arango, Jason A Fridfinnson, Nan Gai, Kevin Lam, Timothy P Turkstra
BACKGROUND: Randomized clinical trials (RCTs) provide high-quality evidence for clinical decision-making. Trial registration is one of the many tools used to improve the reporting of RCTs by reducing publication bias and selective outcome reporting bias. The purpose of our study is to examine whether RCTs published in the top 6 general anesthesiology journals were adequately registered and whether the reported primary and secondary outcomes corresponded to the originally registered outcomes...
July 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
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