keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Quality improvment

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222552/comparison-of-cognitive-orientation-to-daily-occupational-performance-and-conventional-occupational-therapy-on-occupational-performance-in-individuals-with-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Si-Nae Ahn, Min-Ye Jung, Hae-Yean Park, Ji-Yeon Lee, Yoo-Im Choi, Eun-Young Yoo
BACKGROUND: Cognitive Orientation to daily Occupational Performance (CO-OP) approach based on cognitive strategy in occupational therapy. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of CO-OP approach on occupational performance in individuals with hemiparetic stroke. METHODS: This study was designed as a 5-week, randomized, single-blind. Forty-three participants who had a diagnosis of first stroke were enrolled in this study. The participants were randomly assigned to the experimental group (n = 20) or the control group (n = 23)...
February 8, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222505/cognitive-training-interventions-for%C3%A2-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#2
Eeva-Liisa Kallio, Hanna Öhman, Hannu Kautiainen, Marja Hietanen, Kaisu Pitkälä
BACKGROUND: Cognitive training (CT) refers to guided cognitive exercises designed to improve specific cognitive functions, as well as enhance performance in untrained cognitive tasks. Positive effects of CT on cognitive functions in healthy elderly people and persons with mild cognitive impairment have been reported, but data regarding the effects of CT in patients with dementia is unclear. OBJECTIVE: We systematically reviewed the current evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to find out if CT improves or stabilizes cognition and/or everyday functioning in patients with mild and moderate Alzheimer's disease...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222491/the-predictors-of-quality-of-life-in-women-with-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome
#3
Fatemeh Aliasghari, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh Charandabi, Tahereh Behroozi Lak
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrine disorder that may be effective in reducing the quality of life. This study aimed to determine the predictors of quality of life in women with PCOS. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 174 women with PCOS who attended in public and private fertility clinics in Urmia (West Azerbaijan, Iran), 2015. The data were collected through the questionnaires of sociodemographic and obstetrics characteristics, quality of life and Beck depression inventory-II...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222476/-positionpaper-on-telemonitoring-in-sleep-related-breathing-disorders
#4
W Randerath, M Bögel, C Franke, A Hellmann, B Jany, G Nilius, T Penzel, T Voshaar, A Wiater
The use of telemonitoring in the care of patients with Sleep-related Breathing Disorders (SBD) can enhance medical support significantly. Telemonitoring aims at helping physicians to detect therapy problems early and thus improve patients' therapy adherence. Diagnostics and therapy decisions in the telemonitoring process nevertheless remain the responsibility of sleep specialists. The selection of data monitored, their evaluation and resulting consequences fall to the physician, who makes decisions and prescribes therapy in consultation with the patient...
February 2017: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222473/telemedizin-%C3%A2-tempis%C3%A2-netzwerk-f%C3%A3-r-schlaganfallbehandlung-in-der-regelversorgung
#5
Nicolas Völkel, Gordian J Hubert, Roman L Haberl
Despite all efforts that have been made stroke is a burden and remains one of the most devastating neurological diseases. Treatment of patients on a Stroke Unit improves stroke prognosis and is recommended for all patients with acute stroke. In rural areas population-wide implementation of Stroke Units is extremely challenging. Therefore the Telemedical Project for integrated Stroke Care (TEMPiS) was established in 2003 as a TeleStroke network to overcome this barrier in Southeast Bavaria/Germany. TEMPiS was one of the very early telemedical stroke networks worldwide and was evaluated intensively during its implementation phase between February 2003 and December 2005...
February 2017: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222472/telemedizin-chancen-in-der-schmerztherapie
#6
Carla Nau
Pain is generally undertreated and there is a need to differentiate and improve access to appropriate pain care. The growing Field of telehealth offers a novel opportunity for pain care, exploiting mainly communicative and pharmacological therapeutic principles. Rationale for telemedicine for the management of chronic pain are the potential to overcome timely, economical, and structural barriers for the access to specialized pain care as well as the general open mindedness of physicians and patients towards this technology...
February 2017: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222442/transvesical-suprapubic-externalization-of-ureteral-stents-introduction-of-a-surgical-innovation-at-the-development-stage
#7
Holger Gerullis, Klaus Schwartmann, Thorsten H Ecke, Evangelos Georgas, Philip Herberg, Alexander Winter, Friedhelm Wawroschek, Dimitri Barski, Thomas Otto
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In this study, we describe our first experiences with the new method of transvesical suprapubic externalization of ureteral stents. This method is assessed in patients with incurable ureteral obstruction and concomitant bladder dysfunction, and is classified according to the Idea, Development, Exploration, Assessment, Long-Term Study (IDEAL) recommendations. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 2009 to 2015, transvesical suprapubic externalization of ureteral stents was applied in 14 (8 males, 6 females) patients with incurable ureteral obstruction of malignant (n = 9, 64%) or benign (n = 5; 36%) etiology...
February 22, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222094/housing-improvements-and-malaria-risk-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-multi-country-analysis-of-survey-data
#8
Lucy S Tusting, Christian Bottomley, Harry Gibson, Immo Kleinschmidt, Andrew J Tatem, Steve W Lindsay, Peter W Gething
BACKGROUND: Improvements to housing may contribute to malaria control and elimination by reducing house entry by malaria vectors and thus exposure to biting. We tested the hypothesis that the odds of malaria infection are lower in modern, improved housing compared to traditional housing in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). METHODS AND FINDINGS: We analysed 15 Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and 14 Malaria Indicator Surveys (MIS) conducted in 21 countries in SSA between 2008 and 2015 that measured malaria infection by microscopy or rapid diagnostic test (RDT)...
February 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222085/physical-activity-promotion-beliefs-and-barriers-among-australasian-oncology-nurses
#9
Justin W L Keogh, Petra Pühringer, Alicia Olsen, Sally Sargeant, Lynnette M Jones, Mike Climstein
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To describe the physical activity (PA) promotion practices, beliefs, and barriers of Australasian oncology nurses and gain preliminary insight into how PA promotion practices may be affected by the demographics of the nurses.
. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey.
. SETTING: Australia and New Zealand.
. SAMPLE: 119 registered oncology nurses.
. METHODS: Self-reported online survey completed once per participant...
March 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222082/challenges-encountered-by-vietnamese-nurses-when-caring-for-patients-with-cancer
#10
Ly Thuy Nguyen, Lourdes Clemenceau Annoussamy, Virginia T LeBaron
Providing holistic care is acknowledged as central to providing quality care for patients with cancer, but providing competent nursing care consistent with these approaches remains a challenge for nurses in Vietnam. Obstacles for Vietnamese oncology nurses include their low status, the limited scope of nursing practice, work overload in a hierarchical system, and cultural beliefs that view death and dying as taboo. Additional research to support oncology nurses in Vietnam must acknowledge the merits of improving nursing education as an important strategy for enhancing nursing autonomy, quality of care, and outcomes for the increasing number of patients with cancer in low- and middle-income countries...
March 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222075/a-pilot-study-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-intervention-for-breast-cancer-survivors
#11
Heather Becker, Ashley M Henneghan, Deborah L Volker, Sabrina Q Mikan
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To test combining a group intervention to build self-efficacy for using compensatory strategies and lifestyle adjustments with brain-training practice to improve cognition.
. DESIGN: A quasiexperimental design.
. SETTING: Texas Oncology, a community oncology practice in Austin.
. SAMPLE: 20 women aged 35-65 years, who had finished chemotherapy at least three months before the study, were within five years of completing all treatment, and had self-reported cognitive concerns...
March 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222013/serum-triglyceride-measurements-the-commutability-of-reference-materials-and-the-accuracy-of-results
#12
Qinghui Meng, Weiyan Zhou, Chuanbao Zhang, Jie Zeng, Haijian Zhao, Tianjiao Zhang, Donghuan Wang, Jiangtao Zhang, Ying Yan, Wenxiang Chen
Background We aimed to evaluate the commutability of external quality assessment (EQA) materials, aqueous solutions, and commercial reference materials (calibrators and controls), and the accuracy of routine systems for serum triglyceride measurements. Methods According to the clinical and laboratory standards institute (CLSI) EP14-A3 protocol, we analyzed 43 fresh patient specimens and 32 processed materials including lyophilized samples, human serum pools, liquid reagents, swine sera and aqueous solutions by 14 routine methods (evaluated methods) and an isotope dilution liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry method (ID-LC/MS/MS) (comparative method)...
February 21, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221946/effect-of-power-levels-on-inactivation-of-escherichia-coli-o157-h7-salmonella-typhimurium-and-listeria-monocytogenes-in-tomato-paste-using-915-megahertz-microwave-and-ohmic-heating
#13
Sang-Soon Kim, Hye-Jung Sung, Hyo-Sun Kwak, In-Sun Joo, Jeong-Su Lee, Gwangpyo Ko, Dong-Hyun Kang
The effect of power levels on inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella Typhimurium, and Listeria monocytogenes in tomato paste was investigated using 915-MHz microwave heating (MW) and ohmic heating (OH). Heating uniformity, pathogen inactivation, and quality aspects were determined with 1.8-, 2.1-, 2.4-, and 3.0-kW MW and corresponding OH. GInaFit was used to analyze pathogen inactivation. The heating uniformity of MW-treated samples was inferior to that of OH-treated samples at low power levels of 1...
September 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221865/cost-effectiveness-of-immune-checkpoint-inhibition-in-braf-wild-type-advanced-melanoma
#14
Christine G Kohn, Simon B Zeichner, Qiushi Chen, Alberto J Montero, Daniel A Goldstein, Christopher R Flowers
Purpose Patients who are diagnosed with stage IV metastatic melanoma have an estimated 5-year relative survival rate of only 17%. Randomized controlled trials of recent US Food and Drug Administration-approved immune checkpoint inhibitors-pembrolizumab (PEM), nivolumab (NIVO), and ipilumumab (IPI)-demonstrate improved patient outcomes, but the optimal treatment sequence in patients with BRAF wild-type metastatic melanoma remains unclear. To inform policy makers about the value of these treatments, we developed a Markov model to compare the cost-effectiveness of different strategies for sequencing novel agents for the treatment of advanced melanoma...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221854/effects-of-fish-derived-biological-preservatives-on-cold-storage-of-grass-carp-ctenopharyngodon-idellus-fillets
#15
Tingting Li, Yang Jiang, Gaowei Jin, Qiancheng Zhao, Jianrong Li
Two kinds of fish-derived natural antimicrobial substances, protamine and catfish ( Clarias fuscus ) epidermal mucus extract (CEME), were evaluated for their effect on the quality of grass carp fillets. Fillets were atmosphere packaged in cast polypropylene bags and were stored at 4°C in a low-temperature incubator without light. Solutions (0.5%, wt/vol) of CEME and protamine were used for dip pretreatment, respectively. Bacteriological (aerobic plate count, Shewanella putrefaciens , Pseudomonas fluorescens ) and physicochemical (pH, total volatile basic nitrogen, K value, surface color, texture profiles, water distribution) parameters and volatile odor compounds were measured on days 0, 3, 6, 9, 12, and 15...
October 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221764/correlation-of-bandgap-reduction-with-inversion-response-in-si-gesn-high-k-metal-stacks
#16
Christian Schulte-Braucks, Keyvan Narimani, Stefan Glass, Nils von den Driesch, Jean-Michel Hartmann, Zoran Ikonic, Valeri V Afanas'ev, Qing-Tai Zhao, Siegfried Mantl, Dan Buca
The bandgap tunability of (Si)GeSn group IV semiconductors opens a new era in Si-technology. Depending on the Si/Sn contents, direct and indirect bandgaps in the range of 0.4 eV to 0.8 eV can be obtained, offering a broad spectrum of both photonic and low power electronic applications. In this work, we systematically studied capacitance-voltage characteristics of high-k/metal gate stacks formed on GeSn and SiGeSn alloys with Sn-contents ranging from 0 to 14 at.% and Si-contents from 0 to 10 at.% particularly focusing on the minority carrier inversion response...
February 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221665/totally-percutaneous-versus-surgical-cut-down-femoral-artery-access-for-elective-bifurcated-abdominal-endovascular-aneurysm-repair
#17
REVIEW
Madelaine Gimzewska, Alexander Ir Jackson, Su Ern Yeoh, Mike Clarke
BACKGROUND: Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) are a vascular condition with significant risk attached, particularly if they rupture. It is, therefore, critical to identify and repair these as an elective procedure before they rupture and require emergency surgery. Repair has traditionally been an open surgical technique that required a large incision across the abdomen. Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repairs (EVARs) are now a common alternative. In this procedure, the common femoral artery is exposed via a cut-down approach and a graft introduced to the aneurysm in this way...
February 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221313/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-interventions-for-depression-and-anxiety-in-persons-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#18
Kirsten M Fiest, Carol A Hitchon, Charles N Bernstein, Christine A Peschken, John R Walker, Lesley A Graff, Ryan Zarychanski, Ahmed Abou-Setta, Scott B Patten, Jitender Sareen, James Bolton, Ruth Ann Marrie
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric comorbidities, such as depression and anxiety, are very common in persons with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and can lead to adverse outcomes. By appropriately treating these comorbidities, disease-specific outcomes and quality of life may be improved. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature from controlled trials of treatments for depression and anxiety in persons with RA. METHODS: We searched multiple online databases from inception until March 25, 2015, without restrictions on language, date, or location of publication...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221205/muscle-relaxation-for-tracheal-intubation-during-paediatric-anaesthesia-a-meta-analysis-and-trial-sequential-analysis
#19
Florence Julien-Marsollier, Daphné Michelet, Myriam Bellon, Anne-Laure Horlin, Jean-Michel Devys, Souhayl Dahmani
BACKGROUND: Muscle relaxation for tracheal intubation during paediatric anaesthesia remains a subject of debate. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current meta-analysis was to investigate the effect of muscle relaxants (MR) compared with opioids on intubation conditions in children. DESIGN: Meta-analysis of randomised controlled studies and GRADE analysis. DATA SOURCES: Exhaustive literature analysis. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Clinical trials, with no high-risk bias, that examined the effect of MR in comparison with opioids on intubation conditions (excellent: primary outcome, acceptable: secondary outcome) in children were included...
February 17, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221185/antipyretic-therapy-in-critically-ill-septic-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Anne M Drewry, Enyo A Ablordeppey, Ellen T Murray, Carolyn R T Stoll, Sonya R Izadi, Catherine M Dalton, Angela C Hardi, Susan A Fowler, Brian M Fuller, Graham A Colditz
OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis aimed to examine the impact of antipyretic therapy on mortality in critically ill septic adults. DATA SOURCES: Literature searches were implemented in Ovid Medline, Embase, Scopus, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, NHS Economic Evaluation Database, and ClinicalTrials.gov through February 2016. STUDY SELECTION: Inclusion criteria were observational or randomized studies of septic patients, evaluation of antipyretic treatment, mortality reported, and English-language version available...
February 17, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
keyword
keyword
22002
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"