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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646814/nutritional-management-of-metabolic-endotoxemia-a-clinical-review
#1
Benjamin I Brown
Context • Diet-induced, metabolic endotoxemia is emerging as an important contributory factor to the development of a wide range of chronic diseases, including cardiometabolic, autoimmune, psychiatric, and neurodegenerative illnesses. Emerging human clinical studies have demonstrated that diet and dietary components are potent modifiers of circulating endotoxins and can be used to reduce plasma levels significantly and improve metabolic health. Objective • The aim of the current study was to explore briefly the concept of metabolic endotoxemia and its relationship to disease development, to examine the influence of diet and dietary components on circulating endotoxins, and, finally, discuss the clinical relevance of nutritional interventions for management of metabolic endotoxemia...
July 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646811/alternative-therapy-for-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-a-1-year-single-blind-randomized-trial-of-tui-na
#2
Cheng-Nan Lu, Michael Friedman, Hsin-Ching Lin, Kuo-Wei Bi, Tun-Pin Hsueh, Hsueh-Wen Chang, Mao-Chang Su, Meng-Chih Lin
Context • Obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is among the most prevalent of sleep-related breathing disorders. No long-term follow-up studies have documented the continued success of lifestyle changes in treatment; oral appliances have an approximate 50% success rate; compliance with continuous positive airway pressure is poor, ranging from 50% to 89%; and the success rate of upper-airway surgery is only 66.4%. Therefore, some OSAHS patients seek alternative treatments. Objectives • The study intended to examine the efficacy of traditional Chinese therapeutic massage (tui na) for patients with OSAHS...
July 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646777/predicting-improved-optical-water-quality-in-rivers-resulting-from-soil-conservation-actions-on-land
#3
J R Dymond, R J Davies-Colley, A O Hughes, C D Matthaei
Deforestation in New Zealand has led to increased soil erosion and sediment loads in rivers. Increased suspended fine sediment in water reduces visual clarity for humans and aquatic animals and reduces penetration of photosynthetically available radiation to aquatic plants. To mitigate fine-sediment impacts in rivers, catchment-wide approaches to reducing soil erosion are required. Targeting soil conservation for reducing sediment loads in rivers is possible through existing models; however, relationships between sediment loads and sediment-related attributes of water that affect both ecology and human uses of water are poorly understood...
June 21, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646670/a-metagenomic-assessment-of-viral-contamination-on-fresh-parsley-plants-irrigated-with-fecally-tainted-river-water
#4
X Fernandez-Cassi, N Timoneda, E Gonzales-Gustavson, J F Abril, S Bofill-Mas, R Girones
Microbial food-borne diseases are still frequently reported despite the implementation of microbial quality legislation to improve food safety. Among all the microbial agents, viruses are the most important causative agents of food-borne outbreaks. The development and application of a new generation of sequencing techniques to test for viral contaminants in fresh produce is an unexplored field that allows for the study of the viral populations that might be transmitted by the fecal-oral route through the consumption of contaminated food...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646446/innovations-in-the-endovascular-management-of-critical-limb-ischemia-retrograde-tibiopedal-access-and-advanced-percutaneous-techniques
#5
REVIEW
Jihad A Mustapha, Larry J Diaz-Sandoval, Fadi Saab
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Retrograde tibiopedal access and interventions have contributed to advance of endovascular techniques to treat critical limb ischemia (CLI) patients. This review encompasses the spectrum from advanced diagnostic imaging and technical therapeutic approaches for infrapopliteal occlusions, to a discussion of current standards and future directions. RECENT FINDINGS: Contemporary studies of infrapopliteal angioplasty show suboptimal short-term and 1-year clinical outcomes...
August 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646420/composite-reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-can-provide-good-function-and-quality-of-life-in-cases-of-malignant-tumour-of-the-proximal-humerus
#6
Cyril Lazerges, Louis Dagneaux, Benjamin Degeorge, Nicolas Tardy, Bertrand Coulet, Michel Chammas
PURPOSE: Management of proximal humeral tumours remains a surgical challenge. No study to date has assessed the quality of life scores following the composite reverse shoulder arthroplasty for this indication. We, therefore, evaluated function and quality of life following reconstruction with allograft for malignant tumour of the humerus. METHODS: A series of six cases of humeral tumour treated by a single surgeon in a single centre was reviewed after a mean follow-up of 5...
June 23, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646402/a-spoon-full-of-sugar-helps-the-medicine-go-down-how-a-participant-friendly-version-of-a-psychophysics-task-significantly-improves-task-engagement-performance-and-data-quality-in-a-typical-adult-sample
#7
Marie L Smith, M Letizia Cesana, Emily K Farran, Annette Karmiloff-Smith, Louise Ewing
Few would argue that the unique insights brought by studying the typical and atypical development of psychological processes are essential to building a comprehensive understanding of the brain. Often, however, the associated challenges of working with non-standard adult populations results in the more complex psychophysical paradigms being rejected as too complex. Recently we created a child- (and clinical group) friendly implementation of one such technique - the reverse-correlation Bubbles approach - and noted an associated performance boost in adult participants...
June 23, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646309/influence-of-polymethyl-acrylate-additive-on-the-formation-of-particulate-matter-and-nox-emission-of-a-biodiesel-diesel-fueled-engine
#8
Islam Mohammad Monirul, Haji Hassan Masjuki, Mohammad Abdul Kalam, Nurin Wahidah Mohd Zulkifli, Islam Shancita
The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of the polymethyl acrylate (PMA) additive on the formation of particulate matter (PM) and nitrogen oxide (NOX) emission from a diesel coconut and/or Calophyllum inophyllum biodiesel-fueled engine. The physicochemical properties of 20% of coconut and/or C. inophyllum biodiesel-diesel blend (B20), 0.03 wt% of PMA with B20 (B20P), and diesel fuel were measured and compared to ASTM D6751, D7467, and EN 14214 standard. The test results showed that the addition of PMA additive with B20 significantly improves the cold-flow properties such as pour point (PP), cloud point (CP), and cold filter plugging point (CFPP)...
June 23, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646217/why-do-physicians-lack-engagement-with-smoking-cessation-treatment-in-their-copd-patients-a-multinational-qualitative-study
#9
Eva Anne Marije van Eerd, Mette Bech Risør, Mark Spigt, Maciek Godycki-Cwirko, Elena Andreeva, Nick Francis, Anja Wollny, Hasse Melbye, Onno van Schayck, Daniel Kotz
Smoking cessation is the only effective intervention to slow down the accelerated decline in lung function in smokers with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Nevertheless, physicians often do not routinely provide evidence-based smoking cessation treatment to their patients. To understand underlying reasons, we explored how physicians engage in smoking cessation treatment in their chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients. In total, 21 focus group discussions were held with general practitioners and pulmonologists in seven different countries in Europe and Asia...
June 23, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646185/the-relation-between-residual-stress-interfacial-structure-and-the-joint-property-in-the-sio2f-sio2-nb-joints
#10
Qiang Ma, Zhuo Ran Li, Lai Shan Yang, Jing Huang Lin, Jin Ba, Ze Yu Wang, Jun Lei Qi, Ji Cai Feng
In order to achieve a high-quality joint between SiO2f/SiO2 and metals, it is necessary to address the poor wettability of SiO2f/SiO2 and the high residual stress in SiO2f/SiO2-Nb joint. Here, we simultaneously realize good wettability and low residual stress in SiO2f/SiO2-Nb joint by combined method of HF etching treatment and Finite Element Analysis (FEA). After etching treatment, the wettability of E-SiO2f/SiO2 was improved, and the residual stress in the joint was decreased. In order to better control the quality of joints, efforts were made to understand the relationship between surface structure of E-SiO2f/SiO2 and residual stress in joint using FEA...
June 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646168/the-causal-relationship-between-dyslexia-and-motion-perception-reconsidered
#11
Sung Jun Joo, Patrick M Donnelly, Jason D Yeatman
It is well established that visual sensitivity to motion is correlated with reading skills. Yet, the causal relationship between motion sensitivity and reading skills has been debated for more than thirty years. One hypothesis posits that dyslexia is caused by deficits in the motion processing pathway. An alternative hypothesis explains the motion processing deficit observed in dyslexia as the consequence of a lack, or poor quality, of reading experience. Here we used an intensive reading intervention program to test the causal relationship between learning to read and motion processing in children...
June 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646114/staphylococcus-aureus-strain-newman-photoinactivation-and-cellular-response-to-sunlight-exposure
#12
Jill S McClary, Lauren M Sassoubre, Alexandria B Boehm
Sunlight influences microbial water quality of surface waters. Previous studies have investigated photoinactivation mechanisms and cellular photostress responses of fecal indicator bacteria (FIB), including Escherichia coli and enterococci, but further work is needed to characterize photostress responses of bacterial pathogens. Here we investigate the photoinactivation of Staphylococcus aureus (strain Newman), a pigmented, waterborne pathogen of emerging concern. We measured photodecay using standard culture-based assays and cellular membrane integrity; and investigated photostress response by measuring the relative number of mRNA transcripts of select oxidative stress, DNA repair, and metabolism genes...
June 23, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645963/effectiveness-and-safety-of-moxibustion-treatment-for-non-specific-lower-back-pain-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#13
Jungtae Leem, Seunghoon Lee, Yeoncheol Park, Byung-Kwan Seo, Yeeun Cho, Jung Won Kang, Yoon Jae Lee, In-Hyuk Ha, Hyun-Jong Lee, Eun-Jung Kim, Sanghoon Lee, Dongwoo Nam
INTRODUCTION: Many patients experience acute lower back pain that becomes chronic pain. The proportion of patients using complementary and alternative medicine to treat lower back is increasing. Even though several moxibustion clinical trials for lower back pain have been conducted, the effectiveness and safety of moxibustion intervention is controversial. The purpose of this study protocol for a systematic review is to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of moxibustion treatment for non-specific lower back pain patients...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645945/how-can-we-ensure-that-the-coroner-s-autopsy-is-not-an-invasion-of-human-rights
#14
Stephen Leadbeatter, Ryk James
BACKGROUND: Despite public inquiries, and some changes to legislation following high-profile multiple homicides that were not detected by autopsy, coroners continue to rely largely on the autopsy. Regardless of the extent of quality failings and excess deaths at some hospitals, not detected through the coroner system, the autopsy is scarcely used by hospitals to monitor standards and educate. OBJECTIVE: To explore when a compulsory medicolegal autopsy should, and should not, be used...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645937/quality-of-care-in-chinese-hospitals-processes-and-outcomes-after-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#15
Nicholas S Downing, Yongfei Wang, Kumar Dharmarajan, Sudhakar V Nuti, Karthik Murugiah, Xue Du, Xin Zheng, Xi Li, Jing Li, Frederick A Masoudi, John A Spertus, Lixin Jiang, Harlan M Krumholz
BACKGROUND: China has gaps in the quality of care provided to patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction, but little is known about how quality varies between hospitals. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using nationally representative data from the China PEACE-Retrospective AMI Study, we characterized the quality of care for ST-elevation myocardial infarction at the hospital level and examined variation between hospitals. Two summary measures were used to describe the overall quality of care at each hospital and to characterize variations in quality between hospitals in 2001, 2006, and 2011...
June 23, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645890/tailored-communication-within-mobile-apps-for-diabetes-self-management-a-systematic-review
#16
Heidi Holmen, Astrid Klopstad Wahl, Milada Cvancarova Småstuen, Lis Ribu
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of diabetes is increasing and with the requirements for self-management and risk of late complications, it remains a challenge for the individual and society. Patients can benefit from support from health care personnel in their self-management, and the traditional communication between patients and health care personnel is changing. Smartphones and apps offer a unique platform for communication, but apps with integrated health care personnel communication based on patient data are yet to be investigated to provide evidence of possible effects...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645786/defining-quality-in-contraceptive-counseling-to-improve-measurement-of-individuals-experiences-and-enable-service-delivery-improvement
#17
Kelsey Holt, Christine Dehlendorf, Ana Langer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645768/robot-assisted-training-for-people-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Eddy Yy Cheung, Thomas Kw Ng, Kevin Kk Yu, Rachel Lc Kwan, Gladys Ly Cheing
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of robotic-assisted training on the recovery of people with spinal cord injury (SCI). DATA SOURCE: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or quasi-RCTs involving people with SCI that compared robotic-assisted upper limbs or lower limbs training to a control of other treatment approach or no treatment. We included studies involving people with complete or incomplete spinal cord injuries. STUDY SELECTION: We searched in Medline, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (Cochrane Library) and Excerpta Medica dataBASE (EMBASE) to August, 2016...
June 20, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645737/alfapump-system-vs-large-volume-paracentesis-for-refractory-ascites-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-study
#19
Christophe Bureau, Danielle Adebayo, Mael Chalret de Rieu, Laure Elkrief, Dominique Valla, Markus Peck-Radosavljevic, Anne McCune, Victor Vargas, Macarena Simon-Talero, Juan Cordoba, Paolo Angeli, Silvia Rosi, Stewart MacDonald, Massimo Malago, Maria Stepanova, Zobair M Younossi, Claudia Trepte, Randall Watson, Oleg Borisenko, Sun Sun, Neil Inhaber, Rajiv Jalan
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Patients with refractory ascites (RA) require repeated large volume paracenteses (LVP), which involves frequent hospital visits and is associated with poor quality-of-life. This study assessed safety and efficacy of an automated, low-flow pump (alfapump [AP]) compared with LVP [SoC]. METHODS: Randomized, controlled trial, in 7 centers, with 6M patient observation. Primary outcome was time to first LVP. Secondary outcomes included paracentesis requirement, safety, health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL), and survival...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645648/promotion-of-iron-nutrition-and-growth-on-peanut-by-paenibacillus-illinoisensis-and-bacillus-sp-strains-in-calcareous-soil
#20
Di Liu, Qianqian Yang, Ke Ge, Xiuna Hu, Guozhen Qi, Binghai Du, Kai Liu, Yanqin Ding
This study aimed to explore the effects of two siderophore-producing bacterial strains on iron absorption and plant growth of peanut in calcareous soil. Two siderophore-producing bacterial strains, namely, YZ29 and DZ13, isolated from the rhizosphere soil of peanut, were identified as Paenibacillus illinoisensis and Bacillus sp., respectively. In potted experiments, YZ29 and DZ13 enhanced root activity, chlorophyll and active iron content in leaves, total nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium accumulation of plants and increased the quality of peanut kernels and plant biomass over control...
June 4, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
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