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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220536/cd36-deficiency-attenuates-immune-mediated-hepatitis-in-mice-by-modulating-the-proapoptotic-effects-of-cxcl10
#1
Che Xu, Chen Zhang, Jie Ji, Chao Wang, Jing Yang, Biao Geng, Ting Zhao, Hong Zhou, Xianmin Mu, Jinshun Pan, Shi Hu, Yuanfang Lv, Xingguo Chen, Hao Wen, Qiang You
The scavenger receptor, CD36, recognizes a diverse set of ligands, and has been implicated in a wide variety of normal and pathological processes, including lipid metabolism, angiogenesis, atherosclerosis, and phagocytosis. In particular, recent findings have demonstrated its crucial functions in sterile inflammation and tumor metastasis. However, the role of CD36 in immune-mediated hepatitis remains unclear. Concanavalin A (Con A)-induced liver injury is a well-established experimental T cell-mediated hepatitis...
December 8, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215791/protective-effects-of-carbonyl-iron-against-multiple-low-dose-streptozotocin-induced-diabetes-in-rodents
#2
Milica Vujicic, Tamara Saksida, Marija Mostarica Stojkovic, Neda Djedovic, Ivana Stojanovic, Stanislava Stosic-Grujicic
Particulate adjuvants have shown increasing promise as effective, safe and durable agents for the stimulation of immunity, or alternatively, the suppression of autoimmunity. Here we examined the potential of the adjuvant carbonyl iron (CI) for the modulation of organ-specific autoimmune disease - type 1 diabetes (T1D). T1D was induced by multiple low doses of streptozotocin (MLDS) that initiates beta cell death and triggers immune cell infiltration into the pancreatic islets. The results of this study indicate that the single in vivo application of CI to MLDS-treated DA rats, CBA/H mice, or C57BL/6 mice successfully counteracted the development of insulitis and hyperglycemia...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210987/prophylactic-sublingual-immunization-with-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-subunit-vaccine-incorporating-the-natural-killer-t-cell-agonist-alpha-galactosylceramide-enhances-protective-immunity-to-limit-pulmonary-and-extra-pulmonary-bacterial-burden-in-mice
#3
Arshad Khan, Shailbala Singh, Gloria Galvan, Chinnaswamy Jagannath, K Jagannadha Sastry
Infection by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) remains a major global concern and the available Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccine is poorly efficacious in adults. Therefore, alternative vaccines and delivery strategies focusing on Mtb antigens and appropriate immune stimulating adjuvants are needed to induce protective immunity targeted to the lungs, the primary sites of infections and pathology. We present here evidence in support of mucosal vaccination by the sublingual route in mice using the subunit Mtb antigens Ag85B and ESAT-6 adjuvanted with the glycolipid alpha-galactosylceramide (α-GalCer), a potent natural killer T (NKT) cell agonist...
December 6, 2017: Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209309/new-directions-for-natural-killer-t-cells-in-the-immunotherapy-of-cancer
#4
Luc Teyton
Natural killer T (NKT) cells have been placed at the interface between innate and adaptive immunity by a long series of experiments that convincingly showed that beyond cytokine secretion and NK cell recruitment, NKT cells were coordinating dendritic cell and B cell maturation through direct membrane contacts and initiate productive responses. As such, NKT cells are the cellular adjuvant of many immune reactions and have functions that go much beyond what their name encapsulates. In addition, the initial discovery of the ligands of NKT cells is deeply linked to cancer biology and therapy...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205464/interleukin-17-family-cytokines-in-protective-immunity-against-infections-role-of-hematopoietic-cell-derived-and-non-hematopoietic-cell-derived-interleukin-17s
#5
REVIEW
Goro Matsuzaki, Masayuki Umemura
Interleukin (IL)-17 family cytokines consisting of six members participate in immune response in infections, autoimmune diseases and inflammatory diseases. The prototype cytokine of the family, IL-17A, was originally identified from CD4+ T cells which are now termed Th17. Later IL-17A-producing cells are expanded to various hematopoietic cells including CD8+ T cells (Tc17), invariant NKT cells, γ δ T cells, non-T non-B lymphocytes termed type 3 innate lymphoid cells (ILC3), and neutrophils. Some members of the IL-17 family cytokines other than IL-17A were also expressed by CD4+ T cells: IL-17E by Th2 cells, and IL-17F by Th17 cells...
December 2, 2017: Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204089/subpopulations-of-natural-killer-t-like-cells-before-and-after-surgical-treatment-of-laryngeal-cancer
#6
Janusz Klatka, Ewelina Grywalska, Anna Hymos, Ewelina Krasowska, Michał Mielnik, Dorota Siwicka-Gieroba, Justyna Markowicz, Piotr Trojanowski, Witold Olszański, Jacek Roliński
Introduction: Tumours connected with head and neck comprise about 5% of all tumours. The most frequent histological type of laryngeal carcinoma is squamous cell carcinoma. Different research projects suggest that the role of T lymphocytes might be significant in tumour development. iNKT cells are a new subpopulation of T cells and show cytotoxic activity against tumours. iNKT cells participate in modulating the function of other cells which have anti-tumour properties and secrete cytokines, which have pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory effects...
2017: Central-European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202455/a-simple-clinically-relevant-therapeutic-vaccine-shows-long-term-protection-in-an-aggressive-delayed-treatment-b-lymphoma-model
#7
Pallab Pradhan, Jardin Leleux, Jiaying Liu, Krishnendu Roy
Despite initial remission after successful treatments, B lymphoma patients often encounter relapses and resistance causing high mortality. Thus, there is a need to develop therapies that prevent relapse by providing long-term protection and, ultimately, lead to functional cure. In this study, our goal was to develop a simple, clinically relevant, and easily translatable therapeutic vaccine that provides durable immune protection against aggressive B cell lymphoma and identify critical immune biomarkers that are predictive of long-term survival...
November 16, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192280/improved-detection-of-cytokines-produced-by-invariant-nkt-cells
#8
Duygu Sag, Müge Özkan, Mitchell Kronenberg, Gerhard Wingender
Invariant Natural killer T (iNKT) cells rapidly produce copious amounts of multiple cytokines after in vivo activation, allowing for the direct detection of a number of cytokines directly ex vivo. However, for some cytokines this approach is suboptimal. Here, we report technical variations that allow the improved detection of IL-4, IL-10, IL-13 and IL-17A ex vivo. Furthermore, we describe an alternative approach for stimulation of iNKT cells in vitro that allows a significantly improved detection of cytokines produced by iNKT cells...
November 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183709/unappreciated-diversity-within-the-pool-of-cd1d-restricted-t-cells
#9
REVIEW
Daniel G Pellicci, Adam P Uldrich
Studies of lipid reactive CD1d-restricted T cells have focussed on α-galactosylceramide reactive semi-invariant Type I NKT cells, which influence a broad range of immune responses. Much less is known about other CD1d-restricted T cells with respect to TCR diversity, function, the types of antigens they recognize and how they specifically recognize antigens presented by CD1d. In this review, we reflect on recent literature that highlights unexpected complexity within the pool of CD1d-restricted T cells and emphasize how TCR diversity greatly broadens the scope of antigen recognition...
November 25, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182669/nkt-cells-contribute-to-basal-il-4-production-but-are-not-required-to-induce-experimental-asthma
#10
Christopher G McKnight, Suzanne C Morris, Charles Perkins, Zhenqi Zhu, David A Hildeman, Albert Bendelac, Fred D Finkelman
CD1d-deficiency results in a selective deletion of NKT cells in mice that is reported to prevent murine allergic airway disease (AAD). Because we find 2-3 fold lower basal IL-4 production in CD1d- mice than in wild-type (WT) mice, we hypothesized that the contribution made by NKT cells to AAD would depend on the strength of the stimulus used to induce the disease. Consequently, we compared CD1d-deficient mice to WT mice in the development of AAD, using several models of disease induction that differed in the type and dose of allergen, the site of sensitization and the duration of immunization...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182664/differential-inhibitory-and-activating-nk-cell-receptor-levels-and-nk-nkt-like-cell-functionality-in-chronic-and-recovered-stages-of-chikungunya
#11
Subrat Thanapati, Mohini A Ganu, Anuradha S Tripathy
The role of natural killer (NK; CD3-CD56+)/NKT (CD3+CD56+)-like cells in chikungunya virus (CHIKV) disease progression/recovery remains unclear. Here, we investigated the expression profiles and function of NK and NKT-like cells from 35 chronic chikungunya patients, 30 recovered individuals, and 69 controls. Percentage of NKT-like cells was low in chronic chikungunya patients. NKp30+, CD244+, DNAM-1+, and NKG2D+ NK cell percentages were also lower (MFI and/or percentage), while those of CD94+ and NKG2A+ NKT-like cells were higher (MFI and/or percentage) in chronic patients than in recovered subjects...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179214/cetuximab-enhanced-the-cytotoxic-activity-of-immune-cells-during-treatment-of-colorectal-cancer
#12
Lin Wang, Yingfeng Wei, Weijia Fang, Chong Lu, Jianing Chen, Guangying Cui, Hongyan Diao
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cetuximab is a chimeric IgG1 monoclonal antibody which targets the extracellular domain of epidermal growth factor receptor. This antibody is widely used for colorectal cancer (CRC) treatment but its influence on the immune system is incompletely understood. METHODS: The immune influence of cetuximab therapy in CRC patients was investigated by analyzing peripheral blood mononuclear cells using flow cytometry. We undertook in vitro cytotoxicity and cytokine-profile assays to ascertain the immunomodulatory effect of cetuximab treatment...
November 27, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163491/suppression-of-natural-killer-cell-activity-by-regulatory-nkt10-cells-aggravates-alcoholic-hepatosteatosis
#13
Kele Cui, Guoxiu Yan, Xiaodong Zheng, Li Bai, Haiming Wei, Rui Sun, Zhigang Tian
We and others have found that the functions of hepatic natural killer (NK) cells are inhibited but invariant NKT (iNKT) cells become activated after alcohol drinking, leaving a possibility that there exists interplay between NK cells and iNKT cells during alcoholic liver disease. Here, in a chronic plus single-binge ethanol consumption mouse model, we observed that NK cells and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) protected against ethanol-induced liver steatosis, as both wild-type (WT) mice treated with anti-asialo GM1 antibody and IFN-γ-deficient GKO mice developed more severe alcoholic fatty livers...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159714/regulatory-effects-of-dexamethasone-on-nk-and-t-cell-immunity
#14
Liying Chen, Mikael Jondal, Konstantin Yakimchuk
Glucocorticoids (GCs) act via the intracellular glucocorticoid receptor (GR), which can regulate the expression of target genes. With regard to the immune system, GCs may affect both innate and adaptive immunity. Our study analyzed the immunoregulatory effects of dexamethasone (Dex) treatment on splenic T, Treg, NK and NKT cells by treating C57Bl6 mice with various doses of Dex. We observed that treatment with Dex decreased the number of NK cells in the spleen and suppressed their activity. In particular, the expression of both Ly49G and NKG2D receptors was decreased by Dex...
November 20, 2017: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152605/hepatic-natural-killer-t-cell-and-cd8-t-cell-signatures-in-mice-with-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis
#15
Jashdeep Bhattacharjee, Michelle Kirby, Samir Softic, Lili Miles, Rosa-Maria Salazar-Gonzalez, Pranav Shivakumar, Rohit Kohli
Hepatic inflammation is a key pathological feature of Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH). Natural Killer T-cells (NKT) and CD8+ T-cells are known to play an important role in obesity related adipose tissue inflammation. We hypothesized that these same inflammatory phenotypes would be present in progressive NASH. We used a previously established high fat high carbohydrate (HFHC) murine obesogenic diet model of progressive NASH to investigate the role of NKT cells and CD8+ T-cells in C57Bl6/J mice. Further, to better understand the impact of these cell populations; CD1d-deficient and CD8+ T-cell depleted mice were subjected to HFHC diet for 16 weeks...
June 2017: Hepatology Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146881/beta-adrenergic-signaling-impairs-anti-tumor-cd8-t-cell-responses-to-b-cell-lymphoma-immunotherapy
#16
Michael D Nissen, Erica K Sloan, Stephen R Mattarollo
Beta-adrenergic receptor (betaAR) signaling regulates many physiological processes, including immune system responses. There is growing evidence also for betaAR-induced modulation of cancer growth and metastasis. In the Eu-myc mouse model of B-cell lymphoma, we investigated the effects of chronically elevated betaAR signaling on lymphoma progression and anti-tumor immunity, as well as the impact on cancer immunotherapy. Chronic treatment with the non-selective beta-agonist isoprenaline promoted lymphoma development in a manner dependent on signaling within the hematopoietic compartment...
November 16, 2017: Cancer Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142275/nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-protects-nkt-cells-from-tumor-necrosis-factor-receptor-1-induced-death
#17
Amrendra Kumar, Laura E Gordy, Jelena S Bezbradica, Aleksandar K Stanic, Timothy M Hill, Mark R Boothby, Luc Van Kaer, Sebastian Joyce
Semi-invariant natural killer T (NKT) cells are innate-like lymphocytes with immunoregulatory properties. NKT cell survival during development requires signal processing by activated RelA/NF-κB. Nonetheless, the upstream signal(s) integrated by NF-κB in developing NKT cells remains incompletely defined. We show that the introgression of Bcl-xL-coding Bcl2l1 transgene into NF-κB signalling-deficient IκBΔN transgenic mouse rescues NKT cell development and differentiation in this mouse model. We reasoned that NF-κB activation was protecting developing NKT cells from death signals emanating either from high affinity agonist recognition by the T cell receptor (TCR) or from a death receptor, such as tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNFR1) or Fas...
November 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126873/dual-role-of-protein-tyrosine-phosphatase-1b-in-the-progression-and-reversion-of-non-alcoholic-steatohepatitis
#18
Águeda González-Rodríguez, M Pilar Valdecantos, Patricia Rada, Annalisa Addante, Inés Barahona, Esther Rey, Virginia Pardo, Laura Ruiz, Laura M Laiglesia, María J Moreno-Aliaga, Carmelo García-Monzón, Aránzazu Sánchez, Ángela M Valverde
OBJECTIVES: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic liver disease in Western countries. Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B), a negative modulator of insulin and cytokine signaling, is a therapeutic target for type 2 diabetes and obesity. We investigated the impact of PTP1B deficiency during NAFLD, particularly in non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). METHODS: NASH features were evaluated in livers from wild-type (PTP1BWT) and PTP1B-deficient (PTP1BKO) mice fed methionine/choline-deficient diet (MCD) for 8 weeks...
October 31, 2017: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098499/functional-role-of-natural-killer-t-cells-in-non-obese-pre-diabetes-model-mice
#19
Mikako Saito, Misako Kaburagi, Keiko Otokuni, Genu Takahashi
Pre-diabetic patients have a high risk of developing diabetes as well as other associated diseases. From the viewpoint of risk assessment and to assist the development of protective therapies, we focused on the functional role of natural killer T (NKT) cells in pre-diabetes. We found that the expression of an NKT cell marker gene, Va14-Ja18, was significantly lower in specific tissues/organs such as adipose tissue and pancreas in non-obese pre-diabetes model mice than in their normal littermates. Subsequently, in the pre-diabetes model mice, Va14-Ja18 was activated with α-galactosylceramide (α-GalCer) and its effect on glucose tolerance was estimated...
November 2, 2017: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097726/palmitate-inhibits-arthritis-by-inducing-t-bet-and-gata-3-mrna-degradation-in-inkt-cells-via-ire1%C3%AE-dependent-decay
#20
Jae Sung Ko, Jae Moon Koh, Jae-Seon So, Yoon Kyung Jeon, Hye Young Kim, Doo Hyun Chung
Long chain fatty acids (LCFAs) exert pro-inflammatory effects in vivo. However, little is known regarding the effect of LCFAs on invariant (i) NKT cell functions. Here, we report an inhibitory effect of saturated LCFAs on transcription factors in iNKT cells. Among the saturated LCFAs, palmitic acid (PA) specifically inhibited IL-4 and IFN-γ production and reduced gata-3 and t-bet transcript levels in iNKT cells during TCR-mediated activation. In iNKT cells, PA was localized and induced dilation in the endoplasmic reticulum and increased the mRNA levels of downstream molecules of IRE1α RNase...
November 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
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