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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742526/the-black-soldier-fly-hermetia-illucens-a-promising-source-for-sustainable-production-of-proteins-lipids-and-bioactive-substances
#1
Ariane Müller, Diana Wolf, Herwig O Gutzeit
The growing demand worldwide for proteins and lipids cannot be met by the intensive use of agricultural land currently available. Insect mass cultures as a source for proteins and lipids have been in focus for various reasons. An insect with many positive properties is the black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens, whose larvae could be used for the sustainable production of proteins and lipids. Furthermore, the larvae produce bioactive substances which could potentially be used for human and animal welfare.
July 25, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739161/automated-face-recognition-of-rhesus-macaques
#2
Claire L Witham
BACKGROUND: Rhesus macaques are widely used in biomedical research. Automated behavior monitoring can be useful in various studies (including neuroscience), as well as having applications to animal welfare but current technology lags behind that developed for other species. One difficulty facing developers is the reliable identification of individual macaques within a group especially as pair- and group-housing of macaques becomes standard. Current published methods require either implantation or wearing of a tracking device...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738224/meat-from-cattle-slaughtered-without-stunning-sold-in-the-conventional-market-without-appropriate-labelling-a-case-study-in-italy
#3
Priscilla D'amico, Nicolò Vitelli, Beniamino Cenci Goga, Daniele Nucera, Francesca Pedonese, Alessandra Guidi, Andrea Armani
In the European Union, slaughter without stunning is allowed for religious slaughter to obtain halal and kosher meat. Especially in the case of Jewish slaughtering, cuts which are not deemed as kosher are sold to regular market without any specific labelling. This survey, conducted in Tuscany in 2016, aimed to quantify the carcasses rejected in relation to the type of religious slaughter. 656 bovines were slaughtered without stunning: 538 (82%) for halal and 118 (18%) for kosher. All carcasses slaughtered by the Islamic procedure (dhabiha) were considered halal, while 77...
July 18, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737360/-capacity-of-response-of-the-health-system-to-the-expectations-of-populations-in-zones-exposed-to-results-based-financing-in-benin-in-2015
#4
Lamidhi Salami, Edgard-Marius Dona Ouendo, Benjamin Fayomi
Introduction: The increased use of results-based financing (RBF) services was the basis for this study designed to evaluate the contribution of RBF to the capacity of response of the health system to the population’s expectations. Methods: This study, conducted in six Benin health zones randomly selected in two strata exposed to RBF (FBR_PRPSS and FBR_PASS) and one zone not exposed to RBF (Non_FBR), examined the seven dimensions of reactivity. A score, followed by weighting of their attributes, was used to calculate the index of reactivity (IR)...
July 10, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735585/analyses-of-body-weight-patterns-in-growing-pigs-a-new-view-on-body-weight-in-pigs-for-frequent-monitoring
#5
A H Stygar, K A Dolecheck, A R Kristensen
Frequent BW monitoring of growing pigs can be useful for identifying production (e.g. feeding), health and welfare problems. However, in order to construct a tool which will properly recognize abnormalities in pigs' growth a precise description of the growth process should be used. In this study we proposed a new model of pig growth accounting for daily fluctuations in BW. Body weight measurements of 1710 pigs (865 gilts and 843 barrows) originating from five consecutive batches from a Danish commercial farm were collected...
July 24, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735168/impact-of-childhood-adversities-on-depression-in-early-adulthood-a-longitudinal-cohort-study-of-478-141-individuals-in-sweden
#6
Emma Björkenstam, Bo Vinnerljung, Anders Hjern
OBJECTIVE: Although the relationship between childhood adversity (CA) and depression is widely accepted, there is little information on what proportion of depression is attributable to CA. METHOD: We used a Swedish cohort of 478,141 individuals born in 1984-1988 in Sweden. Register-based CA indicators included parental death, parental substance abuse and psychiatric morbidity, parental criminality, parental separation, public assistance recipiency, child welfare intervention, and residential instability...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735073/from-minutes-to-days-the-ability-of-sows-sus-scrofa-to-estimate-time-intervals
#7
Natascha Fuhrer, Lorenz Gygax
Time estimation helps allocating time to different tasks and to plan behavioural sequences. It may also be relevant to animal welfare if it enables animals assessing the duration of a negative situation. Here, we investigated the ability of dry sows to estimate short and long time periods. We used a variant of the peak-interval procedure and the choice between 2 resources of different quality and replenishment rates to assess time periods in the order of minutes and days, respectively. In the minute-experiment, the sows were trained to expect an interruption while feeding at the end of an interval...
July 19, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734670/population-health-and-regional-variations-of-disease-burden-in-japan-1990-2015-a-systematic-subnational-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#8
Shuhei Nomura, Haruka Sakamoto, Scott Glenn, Yusuke Tsugawa, Sarah K Abe, Md M Rahman, Jonathan C Brown, Satoshi Ezoe, Christina Fitzmaurice, Tsuyoshi Inokuchi, Nicholas J Kassebaum, Norito Kawakami, Yosuke Kita, Naoki Kondo, Stephen S Lim, Satoshi Maruyama, Hiroaki Miyata, Meghan D Mooney, Mohsen Naghavi, Tomoko Onoda, Erika Ota, Yuji Otake, Gregory A Roth, Eiko Saito, Takahiro Tabuchi, Yohsuke Takasaki, Tadayuki Tanimura, Manami Uechi, Theo Vos, Haidong Wang, Manami Inoue, Christopher J L Murray, Kenji Shibuya
BACKGROUND: Japan has entered the era of super-ageing and advanced health transition, which is increasingly putting pressure on the sustainability of its health system. The level and pace of this health transition might vary across regions within Japan and concern is growing about increasing regional variations in disease burden. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015) provides a comprehensive, comparable framework. We used data from GBD 2015 with the aim to quantify the burden of disease and injuries, and to attribute risk factors in Japan at a subnational, prefecture-level...
July 19, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733714/a-developmental-perspective-in-mental-health-services-use-among-adults-with-mental-disorders
#9
Christophe Huỳnh, Jean Caron, Marilou Pelletier, Aihua Liu, Marie-Josée Fleury
This study examined factors associated with mental health services (MHS) use by individuals with mental disorders within a developmental perspective of adulthood. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were conducted separately for each developmental stage on independent variables using the Andersen's behavioral health service model. For 18-29-year-old emerging adults (n = 141), autonomy, daily life/relations, Internet searching, alcohol dependence, cognitive impulsiveness, number of stressful events, and self-harm were associated with MHS use...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733491/call-for-government-action-as-illegal-puppy-sales-fuel-canine-welfare-crisis
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 22, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732498/a-qualitative-study-on-the-intersectional-social-determinants-for-indigenous-people-who-become-infected-with-hiv-in-their-youth
#11
Roberta L Woodgate, Melanie Zurba, Pauline Tennent, Carla Cochrane, Mike Payne, Javier Mignone
BACKGROUND: Indigenous young people are currently highly overrepresented in the HIV epidemic in Canada, especially in the Prairie Provinces, such as Manitoba. Understanding HIV-vulnerability in Indigenous peoples must begin with understanding that social determinants are intersectional and linked to the historical legacy of European colonization. In this paper findings that detail the influence of the intersectional social determinants on Indigenous people who become infected with HIV in their youth are presented...
July 21, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732473/patterns-of-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-and-association-with-predictors-among-community-dwelling-older-women-a-latent-class-analysis
#12
Jeongok Park, Young Joo Lee
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to classify patterns of instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) among community-dwelling older women, to examine difference in characteristics among the classes, and to explore predictors of class membership. METHODS: This study was a secondary analysis of nationwide data from the 2014 Actual Living Condition of the Elderly and Welfare Need Survey. A total of 10,451 individuals aged 65 years or older were interviewed for the 2014 dataset, but we only selected the female participants (n = 6095) for this study...
July 21, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731637/do-low-income-cypriots-experience-food-stress-the-cost-of-a-healthy-food-basket-relative-to-guaranteed-minimum-income-in-nicosia-cyprus
#13
Stavri Chrysostomou, Sofia Andreou
AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the cost, acceptability and affordability of the healthy food basket (HFB) among low-income families in Cyprus. METHODS: HFBs were constructed based on the National Guidelines for Nutrition and Exercise for six different types of households. Acceptability was tested through focus groups. Affordability was defined as the cost of the HFB as a percentage of the guaranteed minimum income (GMI). The value of the GMI is set to be equal to €480 for a single individual and increases with the size of the recipient unit in accordance with the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development equivalence scales...
April 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731539/interleukin-17a-gene-polymorphism-rs2275913-is-associated-with-osteitis-after-the-bacillus-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-vaccination
#14
Milla Liehu-Martiskainen, Matti Korppi, Johanna Teräsjärvi, Juho Vuononvirta, Heini Huhtala, Kirsi Nuolivirta, Liisa Kröger, Ville Peltola, Laura Pöyhönen, Qiushui He
AIM: Interleukin-17 (IL-17) appears to promote the host's defense against mycobacterial infections. This study evaluated the association between IL17A gene polymorphism and the risk of Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) osteitis after newborn vaccination and between IL17A gene polymorphism and IL-17A concentrations in serum. METHODS: IL17A rs2275913 gene polymorphisms and serum IL-17A concentrations were studied in 132 adults aged 21-49 years from across Finland, who had BCG osteitis in infancy after a newborn BCG vaccination...
July 21, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729922/meningococcal-disease-outbreak-related-to-the-world-scout-jamboree-in-japan-2015
#15
Mizue Kanai, Hajime Kamiya, Alison Smith-Palmer, Hideyuki Takahashi, Yushi Hachisu, Munehisa Fukusumi, Takehito Saitoh, Makoto Ohnishi, Tomimasa Sunagawa, Tamano Matsui, Kazunori Oishi
PROBLEM: Six invasive meningococcal disease cases occurred among Scottish and Swedish nationals associated with the World Scout Jamboree (WSJ), an international mass gathering, held in Japan. The index case developed symptoms while returning home. The strains from all six cases were identical and seldom seen in Japan. CONTEXT: Over 33 000 participants from 155 countries attended WSJ. At the Jamboree site, participants of the North of Scotland's and Sweden's units camped within the same subcamp and kept the same schedule of events...
April 2017: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728474/sperm-donation-and-the-right-to-privacy
#16
Oliver Hallich
Sperm donation is an increasingly common method of assisted reproduction. In the debate on sperm donation, the right to privacy - construed as a right that refers to the limits of the realm of information to which others have access - plays a pivotal role with regard to two questions. The first question is whether the sperm donor's right to privacy implies his right to retain his anonymity, the second is whether the gamete recipients' right to privacy entitles them to withhold information about the circumstances of their conception from their donor-conceived offspring...
July 20, 2017: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728401/research-trends-in-outdoor-pig-production
#17
Hyun-Suk Park, Sang Hyon Oh
Since the industrialization of swine production in the late 1900s, swine farms in the United States, as well as in Europe, have largely become consolidated. Pig farms became larger in size but fewer in number, with 91% of market pigs being produced by large operations with 5,000 or more pigs on-site in the US, and only 3% of the total utilized agricultural land representing organic farming. Such change in the market made it difficult for small farmers to stay competitive, forcing them to find alternative ways to reduce the cost of production and increase profit using the outdoor production system...
July 17, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728387/effects-of-environmental-enrichment-on-behaviour-physiology-and-performance-of-pigs-a-review
#18
Mbusiseni Vusumuzi Mkwanazi, Cyprial Ndumiso Ncobela, Arnold Tapera Kanengoni, Michael Chimonyo
The aim of this paper is to critically analyse and synthesise existing knowledge concerning the use of environmental enrichment and its effect on behaviour, physiology and performance of pigs housed in intensive production systems. The objective is also to provide clarity as to what constitute successful enrichment and recommend on when and how enrichment should be used. Environmental enrichment is usually understood as an attempt to improve animal welfare and to lesser extent, performance. Common enrichment objects used are straw bedding, suspended rope and wood shavings, toys, rubber tubing, coloured plastic keys, table tennis balls, chains and strings...
June 26, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727532/evacuation-of-pets-during-disasters-a-public-health-intervention-to-increase-resilience
#19
Robin Chadwin
During a disaster, many pet owners want to evacuate their pets with them, only to find that evacuation and sheltering options are limited or nonexistent. This disregard for companion animal welfare during a disaster can have public health consequences. Pet owners may be stranded at home, unwilling to leave their pets behind. Others refuse evacuation orders or attempt to reenter evacuation sites illegally to rescue their animals. Psychopathologies such as grief, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder are associated with pet abandonment during an evacuation...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727025/effect-of-handling-intensity-at-the-time-of-transport-for-slaughter-on-physiological-response-and-carcass-characteristics-in-beef-cattle-fed-ractopamine-hydrochloride
#20
J A Hagenmaier, C D Reinhardt, S J Bartle, J N Henningson, M J Ritter, M S Calvo-Lorenzo, G J Vogel, C A Guthrie, M G Siemens, D U Thomson
The effects of handling intensity on the physiological response and carcass characteristics of feedlot cattle fed ractopamine hydrochloride were evaluated at the time of transport to slaughter. Eighty steers (BW = 668 ± 36 kg) representing 10 lots of similar breed, frame size, and degree of finish were blocked by lot, stratified by weight, and randomly assigned to 1 of 2 handling intensities (HI) over a 1,600 m dirt alley course: 1) low-stress handling (LSH) or 2) high-stress handling (HSH). For the LSH treatment, 4 penmates were kept at a walk with the use of a lead rider...
May 2017: Journal of Animal Science
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