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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100016/validation-of-an-enzyme-immunoassay-and-comparison-of-fecal-cortisol-metabolite-levels-in-black-and-gold-howler-monkeys-alouatta-caraya-inhabiting-fragmented-and-continuous-areas-of-the-humid-chaco-region-argentina
#1
Verónica Inés Cantarelli, Maria Amparo Perez-Rueda, Martin M Kowalewski, Gabriela F Mastromonaco, Marina Flavia Ponzio
In the last years, the study of how environmental stimuli influence the physiology and specifically the endocrinology of an organism became increasingly important, relying mainly on the quantification of glucocorticoids to monitor animal welfare. Most studies investigating cortisol levels in primates were focused on the impact of social stressors; however, a major concern for the conservation of howler monkeys is the increased habitat fragmentation led by the advancement of the agricultural frontier. We compared fecal cortisol metabolite levels (FGCM) in howler monkeys (Alouatta caraya) living in fragmented and continuous forests of the Argentine humid Chaco region, throughout the warm season (spring-summer)...
January 18, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098853/does-human-resource-primacy-moderate-the-impact-of-psychological-distress-on-subsequent-risk-for-disability-retirement
#2
Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Stein Knardahl
Objective Human resource primacy (HRP) refers to employees' perceptions of how the organization shows interests in its employees' welfare, happiness, and health. The aims of this study were to determine whether (i) perceptions of HRP are related to the risk for disability retirement and (ii) HRP moderates the impact of psychological distress on later risk for disability retirement. Methods The study relied on a combination of self-report survey questionnaire data on HRP and psychological distress supplemented with official register data on disability benefits from the Norwegian Labor and Welfare Administration...
January 18, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095813/vocational-rehabilitation-for-adults-with-psychotic-disorders-in-a-scandinavian-welfare-society
#3
Erik Falkum, Ole Klungsøyr, June Ullevoldsæter Lystad, Helen Christine Bull, Stig Evensen, Egil W Martinsen, Svein Friis, Torill Ueland
BACKGROUND: This study examined the outcomes of a vocational rehabilitation program (The Job Management Program, JUMP) for persons with psychotic disorders based on close collaboration between health and welfare services. METHODS: Participants (N = 148) with broad schizophrenia spectrum disorders (age 18-65) were recruited from six counties in Norway. Three counties were randomized to vocational rehabilitation augmented with cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT), while the remaining three counties were randomized to vocational rehabilitation augmented with cognitive remediation (CR)...
January 17, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092751/the-effect-of-listing-the-lesser-prairie-chicken-as-a-threatened-species-on-rural-property-values
#4
Derek C Wietelman, Richard T Melstrom
This paper estimates the effect of Endangered Species Act protections for the lesser prairie chicken (Tympanuchus pallidicinctus) on rural property values in Oklahoma. The political and legal controversy surrounding the listing of imperiled species raises questions about the development restrictions and opportunity costs the Endangered Species Act imposes on private landowners. Examining parcel-level sales data before and after the listing of the endemic lesser prairie chicken, we employ difference-in-differences (DD) regression to measure the welfare costs of these restrictions...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092738/hearing-children-s-voices-including-children-s-perspectives-on-their-experiences-of-domestic-violence-in-welfare-reports-prepared-for-the-english-courts-in-private-family-law-proceedings
#5
Gillian S Macdonald
This research examined Children and Family Court Advisory and Support Service (Cafcass) reports prepared for private family court proceedings in domestic violence cases in England. The research found that in cases where children's accounts identified them as victims of violence, these disclosures regularly disappeared from report recommendations. Particular discourses regarding 'child welfare' and 'contact' were identified, which routinely impacted on the ways in which children's voices were taken into account...
January 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092602/the-investigation-of-correlation-among-selected-biochemical-parameters-and-vital-signs-in-dairy-herd-to-design-the-bio-cybernetic-dairy-cow-model
#6
J Twardoń, W Zalewski, T Nowicki, B Dębski, G Dejneka, J Mrowiec, K Zalewski
The paper presents investigations of the relationship between the biochemical parameters and vital signs in dairy cows. We analyzed the welfare and functioning of a dairy herd using biochemical parameters and vital signs. Life and biochemical parameters were examined. In the model indicators useful for monitoring the herd are: the age of the cows, the number of cows' lactating, daily amount of received milk, length of lactation period for cows in the herd, the length of inter-calving period for cows, the number of days to effective insemination, the amount of protein in the feed, the level of β-oxidation in leucocytes, glucose transport through red blood cells and plasma insulin...
December 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092422/international-consensus-principles-for-ethical-wildlife-control
#7
Sara Dubois, Nicole Fenwick, Erin A Ryan, Liv Baker, Sandra E Baker, Ngaio J Beausoleil, Scott Carter, Barbara Cartwright, Federico Costa, Chris Draper, John Griffin, Adam Grogan, Gregg Howald, Bidda Jones, Kate E Littin, Amanda T Lombard, David J Mellor, Daniel Ramp, Catherine A Schuppli, David Fraser
Human-wildlife conflicts are commonly addressed by excluding, relocating, or lethally controlling animals with the goal of preserving public health and safety, protecting property, or conserving other valued wildlife. However, declining wildlife populations, a lack of efficacy of control methods in achieving desired outcomes, and changes in how people value animals have triggered widespread acknowledgment of the need for ethical and evidence-based approaches to managing such conflicts. We explored international perspectives on and experiences with human-wildlife conflicts to develop principles for ethical wildlife control...
January 16, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092210/the-insights-of-health-and-welfare-professionals-on-hurdles-that-impede-economic-evaluations-of-welfare-interventions
#8
J Schepers, J Plaete, I De Bourdeaudhuij, L Annemans, S Simoens
OBJECTIVES: Four hurdles associated with economic evaluations in welfare interventions were identified and discussed in a previous published literature review. These hurdles include (i) 'Ignoring the impact of condition-specific outcomes', (ii) 'Ignoring the impact of QoL externalities', (iii) 'Calculation of costs from a too narrow perspective' and (iv) 'The lack of well-described & standardized interventions'. This study aims to determine how healthcare providers and social workers experience and deal with these hurdles in practice and what solutions or new insights they would suggest...
January 16, 2017: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088616/patient-agency-and-contested-notions-of-disability-in-social-assistance-applications-in-south-africa
#9
Gabrielle Kelly
Problems in fairly allocating welfare and health resources are very often located in the spaces where citizens interact directly with state workers. This study draws on observations of doctor-patient encounters in disability assessments for the South African disability grant (DG) to examine how doctor-patient interactions and patient agency shape social welfare allocation in a context of high poverty and inequality. Data were gathered via interviews with healthcare workers and observations of doctor-patient interactions in twelve clinics and three hospitals in the Western Cape province between October 2013 and August 2014...
January 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088420/exploring-expert-opinion-on-the-practicality-and-effectiveness-of-biosecurity-measures-on-dairy-farms-in-the-united-kingdom-using-choice-modeling
#10
Orla Shortall, Martin Green, Marnie Brennan, Wendela Wapenaar, Jasmeet Kaler
Biosecurity, defined as a series of measures aiming to stop disease-causing agents entering or leaving an area where farm animals are present, is very important for the continuing economic viability of the United Kingdom dairy sector, and for animal welfare. This study gathered expert opinion from farmers, veterinarians, consultants, academics, and government and industry representatives on the practicality and effectiveness of different biosecurity measures on dairy farms. The study used best-worst scaling, a technique that allows for greater discrimination between choices and avoids the variability in interpretation associated with other methods, such as Likert scales and ranking methods...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087612/biofilm-formation-and-antimicrobial-resistance-genes-of-coagulase-negative-staphylococci-isolated-from-cows-with-mastitis-in-argentina
#11
Mariela E Srednik, Yannick D N Tremblay, Josée Labrie, Marie Archambault, Mario Jacques, Fernández Cirelli Alicia, Elida R Gentilini
Mastitis affects the health and welfare of dairy cows worldwide. Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) are known to form biofilms and are increasingly recognized as a cause of persistent bovine intramammary infections. A total of 90 CNS isolated from cows with clinical and subclinical mastitis in Argentina from 2008-2014 were identified by PCR-RFLP using the gap gene. Standard microtiter plate assays were used to assess CNS biofilm formation and Staphylococcus haemolyticus species formed the strongest biofilms...
January 12, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087312/immunisation-choice-of-host-adjuvants-and-boosting-schedules-with-emphasis-on-polyclonal-antibody-production
#12
REVIEW
Philippe Delahaut
Polyclonal antibodies are frequently used as immunodiagnostic tools in fundamental research. They are also used for routine diagnostic purposes in human and veterinary medicine and for quality control procedures in the food-processing industry. The antibody is a major component of the detection system. It binds with the molecule to be identified. This conjugate is subsequently revealed by means of binding the antibody with a radio-isotope, a fluorescent substance, an enzyme inducing a color change, or a biosensor based analytical system...
January 10, 2017: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086898/the-intergenerational-production-of-depression-in-south-korea-results-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
B G Jeong, G Veenstra
BACKGROUND: Although a number of studies have uncovered relationships between parental capital and the manifestation of depression in their children, little is known about the mechanisms that undergird the relationships. This study investigates the intergenerational effects of the cultural and economic capitals of South Korean parents on depressive symptoms in their adult children and the degree to which the capitals of the adult children explain them. METHODS: We employed nationally representative cross-sectional survey data from the 2006 Korea Welfare Panel Study...
January 13, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086878/a-case-of-cranium-bifidum-with-meningocele-in-ayrshire-calf
#14
Mosiany Letura Kisipan, Caleb Oburu Orenge, David Njogu Gacheru, Raphael Muchangi Ngure
BACKGROUND: Congenital cranial bone defects predispose to herniation of meninges, sometimes with brain tissue involvement, to form a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)-filled cyst in the head. Such defects mainly results from focal failure of neural tube closure during fetal development and has been reported in various species of domestic mammals. CASE PRESENTATION: A one week old Ayrshire calf with a fluctuant swelling on parieto-occipital region of the head was referred to the faculty...
January 13, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081432/changes-in-age-patterns-of-suicide-in-australia-the-united-states-japan-and-hong-kong
#15
John Snowdon, Julie Phillips, Baoliang Zhong, Takashi Yamauchi, Helen F K Chiu, Yeates Conwell
The patterns of association between age and suicide rate vary by country, subpopulation and gender, and over time. To shed light on factors associated with these differences, we analysed suicide data from four populations, two 'Western' (Australia, the United States [US]) and two Asian (Japan and Hong Kong). We computed suicide rates in five-year age-groups (between 10 and 14 years and 85+ years) for men and women separately, and present graphical representations of the age patterns during selected five-year periods...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078664/behavior-analysts-in-the-war-on-poverty-a-review-of-the-use-of-financial-incentives-to-promote-education-and-employment
#16
REVIEW
August F Holtyn, Brantley P Jarvis, Kenneth Silverman
Poverty is a pervasive risk factor underlying poor health. Many interventions that have sought to reduce health disparities associated with poverty have focused on improving health-related behaviors of low-income adults. Poverty itself could be targeted to improve health, but this approach would require programs that can consistently move poor individuals out of poverty. Governments and other organizations in the United States have tested a diverse range of antipoverty programs, generally on a large scale and in conjunction with welfare reform initiatives...
January 2017: Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078207/health-care-needs-of-remitted-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-a-comparison-with-schizophrenia
#17
Rajarshi Neogi, Subho Chakrabarti, Sandeep Grover
AIM: To investigate health-care needs and their correlates among patients with remitted bipolar disorder (BD) compared to patients with remitted schizophrenia. METHODS: Outpatients with BD (n = 150) and schizophrenia (n = 75) meeting clearly defined remission criteria were included in the study along with their relatives. Diagnostic ascertainment was carried out using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview. Demographic and clinical details were recorded using structured formats...
December 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077911/a-decade-of-data-protection-for-innovative-drugs-in-canada-issues-limitations-and-time-for-a-reassessment
#18
Megan Kendall, Declan Hamill
Drug regulators in Canada and in other nations require innovative pharmaceutical companies to submit undisclosed clinical or other data as a condition of approving the marketing of new pharmaceutical products-the origination of which involves considerable effort and investment. Data protection regulations were enacted in Canada in 2006, which-to some extent-closed a loophole in intellectual property law that had previously left innovative companies with no effective data protection for their clinical data. Although the regulations were intended to clarify and effectively implement Canada's international treaty obligations in the spirit of innovation, a review of Canada's first decade of effective data protection shows that Health Canada and Canadian courts have interpreted the scope of data protection for innovative drugs in a narrow manner that undermines and is inconsistent with the intent of the regulations...
December 1, 2016: Biotechnology Law Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077824/burnout-among-public-servants-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-decomposing-the-construct-aftermath-of-disaster
#19
Yuriko Suzuki, Maiko Fukasawa, Akiko Obara, Yoshiharu Kim
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether disaster-related variables, in addition to known work-related risk factors, influence burnout and its subscales (exhaustion, cynicism, and lack of professional efficacy) among public servants who experienced a major disaster. METHODS: Cross-sectional studies were conducted among public servants of Miyagi prefecture at 2 and 16 months after the Great East Japan Earthquake (n = 3,533, response rate 66.8%); burnout was assessed at 16 months using the Japanese version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077410/health-policies-on-dialysis-modality-selection-a-nationwide-population-cohort-study
#20
Yi-Chun Lin, Yen-Chung Lin, Chih-Chin Kao, Hsi-Hsien Chen, Chih-Cheng Hsu, Mai-Szu Wu
OBJECTIVES: In Taiwan, peritoneal dialysis (PD) and haemodialysis are fully accessible to patients with end-stage renal disease. However, the usage of PD is considered low in Taiwan. Since 2005, 4 major policies have been implemented by Taiwan's Ministry of Health and Welfare, namely a multidisciplinary predialysis care programme and usage increasing the PD incidence as a key performance indicator (KPI) for hospital accreditation, both of which were implemented in 2006; reimbursement of the glucose-free dialysate, icodextrin that was implemented in 2007; and insurance reimbursement for renting automated PD machines that was implemented in 2008...
January 11, 2017: BMJ Open
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