keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Welfare

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792454/addressing-the-paradox-of-the-team-innovation-process-a-review-and-practical-considerations
#1
Amanda L Thayer, Alexandra Petruzzelli, Caitlin E McClurg
Facilitating team innovation is paramount to promoting progress in the science, technology, engineering, and math fields, as well as advancing national health, safety, prosperity, and welfare. However, innovation teams face a unique set of challenges due to the novelty and uncertainty that is core to the definition of innovation, as well as the paradoxical nature of idea generation and idea implementation processes. These and other challenges must be overcome for innovation teams to realize their full potential for producing change...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791055/high-birth-weight-was-associated-with-increased-radial-artery-intima-thickness-but-not-with-other-investigated-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-adulthood
#2
I W Johnsson, T Naessén, F Ahlsson, J Gustafsson
AIM: This study investigated whether a high birth weight was associated with increased risk factors for cardiovascular disease when Swedish adults reached 34-40. METHODS: We studied 27 subjects born at Uppsala University Hospital in 1975-1979, weighing at least 4,500g, and compared them with 27 controls selected by the Swedish National Board of welfare with birth weights within ±1 standard deviations scores and similar ages and gender. The study included body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, lipid profile, haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), C-reactive protein (CRP) and high frequency ultrasound measurements of intima-media thickness, intima thickness and intima:media ratio of the carotid and radial arteries...
May 23, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790303/association-between-reappearance-of-myeloperoxidase-antineutrophil-cytoplasmic-antibody-and-relapse-in-antineutrophil-cytoplasmic-antibody-associated-vasculitis-subgroup-analysis-of-nationwide-prospective-cohort-studies
#3
Haruki Watanabe, Ken-Ei Sada, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Masayoshi Harigai, Koichi Amano, Hiroaki Dobashi, Shouichi Fujimoto, Joichi Usui, Kunihiro Yamagata, Tatsuya Atsumi, Shogo Banno, Takahiko Sugihara, Yoshihiro Arimura, Seiichi Matsuo, Hirofumi Makino
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical links between levels of myeloperoxidase (MPO)-antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) and relapse in patients with ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV) using a data set from two nationwide prospective cohort studies. METHODS: From the cohort studies, 477 MPO-ANCA positive patients, who achieved remission during the 6 months after remission induction therapy, were enrolled. We measured MPO-ANCA levels at months 0, 3, 6, 12, 18, 24, and at the time of relapse...
May 22, 2018: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789031/diurnal-behaviors-and-herd-characteristics-of-dairy-cows-housed-in-a-compost-bedded-pack-barn-system-under-hot-and-humid-conditions
#4
J A Pilatti, F M C Vieira, F Rankrape, E S Vismara
With international demand for production systems aimed at thermal comfort and animal welfare, milk producers have become increasingly interested in compost barns. However, doubts about the behavioral aspects of cows in tropical and subtropical climates remain, because the compost barn system offers a larger bed area per animal at a lower stocking rate. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether the diurnal behaviors, hygiene and lameness of crossbred dairy cows are influenced by different number of lactations when housed in a compost-bedded pack barn system under hot and humid conditions...
May 23, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789002/the-impact-of-economic-and-social-factors-on-the-prevalence-of-hepatitis-b-in-turkey
#5
Selma Tosun, Olgu Aygün, Hülya Özkan Özdemir, Elif Korkmaz, Durmuş Özdemir
BACKGROUND: Viral Hepatitis is one of the major global health problems, affecting millions of people every year. Limited information is available on the impact of social and economic factors on the prevalence of Hepatitis B virus (HBV) in Turkey. This study, contrary to other studies in the literature, was undertaken with the aim of examining the Majority of the excluded data come from the volunteers. METHODS: There are medical and the social-economic factors affecting the prevalence of HBV...
May 22, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788793/environmental-enrichment-prevents-pup-mortality-in-laboratory-mice
#6
Charlotte S Leidinger, Christa Thöne-Reineke, Nadine Baumgart, Jan Baumgart
Early death of mouse pups is a commonly known problem in breeding mice colonies, which is still often regarded as 'normal' or is even overlooked due to the counting procedures applied. As reduced breeding performance probably indicates reduced well-being, this seems to be an underestimated welfare issue in laboratory mouse breeding. The present study compares the influence of three different forms of enrichment in breeding cages on infant survival rate and development of C57BL/6J mice. Our data reveal that lack of enrichment results in greater preweaning pup mortality, reduced weight and delayed development...
January 1, 2018: Laboratory Animals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788761/prevalence-of-gambling-related-harm-provides-evidence-for-the-prevention-paradox
#7
Matthew Browne, Matthew J Rockloff
Background The prevention paradox (PP) describes a situation in which a greater number of cases of a disease-state come from low-risk members of a population, because they are more prevalent than high-risk members. Past research has provided only tangential and disputed evidence to support the application of the PP to gambling-related harm. Aims To assess whether the PP applies to gambling, the prevalence of a large set (72) of diverse harmful consequences from gambling was examined across four risk categories for problem gambling, including no-risk, low-risk, moderate-risk, and problem-gambling...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787611/evaluation-of-anaesthetic-protocols-for-laboratory-adult-zebrafish-danio-rerio
#8
Tânia Martins, Enoque Diniz, Luís M Félix, Luís Antunes
In the last decades, the use of zebrafish (Danio rerio) in biomedical research has increased. Anaesthesia is daily used in fish during experimental procedures to avoid discomfort, stress or pain. Also, fish welfare and the reliability of results can be compromised if an unsuitable anaesthetic protocol is used. Therefore, we aimed to refine anaesthetic protocols to be used in adult zebrafish by evaluating the efficacy of different anaesthetics, used alone or in combination. For that, zebrafish were randomly assigned to 8 different groups: 100 μg/mLMS-222 (MS); 0...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787574/child-morbidity-and-mortality-associated-with-alternative-policy-responses-to-the-economic-crisis-in-brazil-a-nationwide-microsimulation-study
#9
Davide Rasella, Sanjay Basu, Thomas Hone, Romulo Paes-Sousa, Carlos Octávio Ocké-Reis, Christopher Millett
BACKGROUND: Since 2015, a major economic crisis in Brazil has led to increasing poverty and the implementation of long-term fiscal austerity measures that will substantially reduce expenditure on social welfare programmes as a percentage of the country's GDP over the next 20 years. The Bolsa Família Programme (BFP)-one of the largest conditional cash transfer programmes in the world-and the nationwide primary healthcare strategy (Estratégia Saúde da Família [ESF]) are affected by fiscal austerity, despite being among the policy interventions with the strongest estimated impact on child mortality in the country...
May 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786526/application-of-multiple-behaviour-change-models-to-identify-determinants-of-farmers-biosecurity-attitudes-and-behaviours
#10
I F Richens, J Houdmont, W Wapenaar, O Shortall, J Kaler, H O'Connor, M L Brennan
It has been recognised that few cattle farmers undertake biosecurity practices on their farms. Approaches that take into consideration individuals' preparedness for change, alongside beliefs thought to motivate the enactment of certain behaviours, may provide a framework for actuating tangible change. The aim of this study was to use a combination of behaviour change models to link beliefs with behaviour and identify possible key interventions to improve the uptake of biosecurity measures by dairy cattle farmers in Great Britain (GB)...
July 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786525/on-farm-mortality-and-related-risk-factors-in-estonian-dairy-cows
#11
Kaari Reimus, Toomas Orro, Ulf Emanuelson, Arvo Viltrop, Kerli Mõtus
Mortality (unassisted death and euthanasia) reflects the health and welfare state of the cows and is associated with undesirable financial consequences for the farmer. The objective of this retrospective observational study was to identify risk factors associated with on-farm mortality in dairy cows. Data for a study period between January 1, 2013 and December 31, 2015 were retrieved from the Estonian Agricultural Registers and Information Board and Estonian Livestock Performance Recording, Ltd. Cows from milk-recording herds with ≥20 cow-years were included...
July 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785891/performance-and-carcass-characteristics-of-steers-fed-with-two-levels-of-metabolizable-energy-intake-during-summer-and-winter-season
#12
R A Arias, J P Keim, M Gandarillas, A Velásquez, C Alvarado-Gilis, T L Mader
Climate change is producing an increase on extreme weather events around the world such as flooding, drought and extreme ambient temperatures impacting animal production and animal welfare. At present, there is a lack of studies addressing the effects of climatic conditions associated with energy intake in finishing cattle in South American feed yards. Therefore, two experiments were conducted to assess the effects of environmental variables and level of metabolizable energy intake above maintenance requirements (MEI) on performance and carcass quality of steers...
May 22, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785778/stakeholder-identities-in-britain-s-neoliberal-ethical-community-polish-narratives-of-earned-citizenship-in-the-context-of-the-uk-s-eu-referendum
#13
Derek McGhee, Chris Moreh, Athina Vlachantoni
This article examines the narrative strategies through which Polish migrants in the UK challenge the formal rights of political membership and attempt to redefine the boundaries of 'citizenship' along notions of deservedness. The analysed qualitative data originate from an online survey conducted in the months before the 2016 EU referendum, and the narratives emerge from the open-text answers to two survey questions concerning attitudes towards the referendum and the exclusion of resident EU nationals from the electoral process...
May 21, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784068/play-behaviour-fear-responses-and-activity-levels-in-commercial-broiler-chickens-provided-with-preferred-environmental-enrichments
#14
M Baxter, C L Bailie, N E O'Connell
There is currently a lack of research investigating the effectiveness of commercial broiler enrichments, and in particular the ability of these additions to create opportunities for positive welfare. One aim of this study was to investigate whether offering broiler chickens enrichments that have recently been found to be preferred leads to increased levels of activity. A second aim was to investigate the emotional effects of provision of these enrichments by assessing levels of fearfulness and play-like activity...
May 22, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783908/improved-timed-mating-non-invasive-method-using-fewer-unproven-female-rats-with-pregnancy-validation-via-early-body-mass-increases
#15
Agata K Stramek, Michelle L Johnson, Victoria J Taylor
For studies requiring accurate conception-timing, reliable, efficient methods of detecting oestrus reduce time and costs, whilst improving welfare. Standard methods use vaginal cytology to stage cycle, and breeders are paired-up using approximately five proven females with proven males to achieve at least one conception on a specific day. We describe an alternative, fast, consistent, non-invasive method of timed-mating using detection of lordosis behaviour in Wistar and Lister-Hooded rats that used unproven females with high success rates...
January 1, 2018: Laboratory Animals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780377/the-gut-microbiota-of-marine-fish
#16
REVIEW
Sian Egerton, Sarah Culloty, Jason Whooley, Catherine Stanton, R Paul Ross
The body of work relating to the gut microbiota of fish is dwarfed by that on humans and mammals. However, it is a field that has had historical interest and has grown significantly along with the expansion of the aquaculture industry and developments in microbiome research. Research is now moving quickly in this field. Much recent focus has been on nutritional manipulation and modification of the gut microbiota to meet the needs of fish farming, while trying to maintain host health and welfare. However, the diversity amongst fish means that baseline data from wild fish and a clear understanding of the role that specific gut microbiota play is still lacking...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779715/evaluating-satisfaction-of-patients-with-stutter-regarding-the-tele-speech-therapy-method-and-infrastructure
#17
Maryam Eslami Jahromi, Leila Ahmadian
OBJECTIVE: Investigating the required infrastructure for the implementation of telemedicine and the satisfaction of target groups improves the acceptance of this technology and facilitates the delivery of healthcare services. The aim of this study was to assess the satisfaction of patients with stutter concerning the therapeutic method and the infrastructure used to receive tele-speech therapy services. METHODS: This descriptive-analytical study was conducted on all patients with stutter aged between 14 and 39 years at Jahrom Social Welfare Bureau (n = 30)...
July 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778480/relationship-between-herd-size-and-measures-of-animal-welfare-on-dairy-cattle-farms-with-freestall-housing-in-germany
#18
Daniel Gieseke, Christian Lambertz, Matthias Gauly
The objective of this study was to examine the association of herd size with animal welfare in dairy cattle herds. Therefore, 80 conventional dairy cattle farms were classified by the number of cows into 4 herd size classes, C1 (<100 cows), C2 (100-299 cows), C3 (300-499 cows), and C4 (≥500 cows), and assessed using multiple animal-based measures of the Welfare Quality Assessment protocol for dairy cattle. Data were recorded from April 2014 to September 2016 by an experienced single assessor in Northern Germany...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778472/effects-of-ad-libitum-milk-replacer-feeding-and-butyrate-supplementation-on-behavior-immune-status-and-health-of-holstein-calves-in-the-postnatal-period
#19
C Gerbert, D Frieten, C Koch, G Dusel, K Eder, T Stefaniak, J Bajzert, P Jawor, A Tuchscherer, H M Hammon
Animal welfare in dairy calf husbandry depends on calf rearing and is probably improved by intensive milk feeding programs. In addition, butyrate supplementation in milk replacer (MR) stimulates postnatal growth and may affect the immune system in calves. We have investigated the combined effects of ad libitum MR feeding and butyrate supplementation on feeding behavior, health, and the immune responses in calves. Holstein calves (n = 64) were examined from birth until wk 11 of age. Calves received MR either ad libitum (Adl) or restrictively (Res) with (AdlB+, ResB+) or without (AdlB-, ResB-) 0...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778296/the-utility-of-twitter-as-a-tool-for-increasing-reach-of-research-on-sexual-violence
#20
Christine Wekerle, Negar Vakili, Sherry H Stewart, Tara Black
Researchers in violence prevention areas seek to disseminate work for impact to practice and policy. Knowledge transfer, exchange, and mobilization are common terms for research knowledge utilization where public communication platforms are playing an increasing role, having unique capacity to connect stakeholders in advocacy and lived experience, academia, non-governmental organizations, government-supported organizations, such as child welfare, and research funding bodies. Social networking platforms provide a communication intervention opportunity to test the effectiveness of the research reach...
May 16, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
keyword
keyword
21988
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"