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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823129/effect-of-different-grinding-levels-of-corn-grain-on-ruminal-fermentation-and-blood-metabolites-of-holstein-steers-fed-total-mixed-ration-as-a-basal
#1
Do Hyung Kim, Seong Ho Choi, Sung Kwon Park, Sung Sill Lee, Chang Weon Choi
Objective: This study was conducted to investigate the effect different grinding levels of corn grain on ruminal fermentation and blood metabolites in Holstein steers fed TMR as a basal diet in order to provide fundamental data of corn grain for cattle in Korea. Methods: Four ruminally cannulated Holstein steers (BW 592 ± 29.9 kg) fed TMR as a basal diet were used and housed individually in an auto temperature and humidity modulated chamber (24ºC and 60% for 22 h/d)...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823069/current-status-of-cattle-production-system-in-nyagatare-district-rwanda
#2
Eugene Mazimpaka, Francis Mbuza, Tukei Michael, Eugene N Gatari, E M Bukenya, Okwee-Acai James
A study was conducted to characterize the cattle production systems in Nyagatare District, Eastern Province of Rwanda using pre-tested questionnaires, interviews with key informants as well as focus group discussions in a period of 2 months. The respondents were selected by multi-stage sampling at sector and cell levels. Based on the procedure of Krejcie and Morgan (Educational and Psychological Measurement 30:607-610, 1970) to determine the overall sample size, the result indicated that the majority (98.3%) of farms were privately owned by large families of five to seven members, and most farmers (53...
August 19, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822935/assessing-urban-population-vulnerability-and-environmental-risks-across-an-urban-area-during-heatwaves-implications-for-health-protection
#3
H L Macintyre, C Heaviside, J Taylor, R Picetti, P Symonds, X-M Cai, S Vardoulakis
Heatwaves can lead to a range of adverse impacts including increased risk of illness and mortality; the heatwave in August 2003 has been associated with ~70,000 deaths across Europe. Due to climate change, heatwaves are likely to become more intense, more frequent and last longer in the future. A number of factors may influence risks associated with heat exposure, such as population age, housing type, and location within the Urban Heat Island, and such factors may not be evenly distributed spatially across a region...
August 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822926/human-exposure-to-hydrogen-sulphide-concentrations-near-wastewater-treatment-plants
#4
Ana Flavia Locateli Godoi, Anderson Marlon Grasel, Gabriela Polezer, Andrew Brown, Sanja Potgieter-Vermaak, Débora Camargo Scremim, Carlos I Yamamoto, Ricardo Henrique Moreton Godoi
The hydrogen sulphide (H2S) levels from wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in Curitiba, Brazil have been quantified for the first time. H2S generated by anaerobic decomposition of organic matter in WWTPs is a cause for concern because it is an air pollutant, which can cause eye and respiratory irritation, headaches, and nausea. Considering the requirement for WWTPs in all communities, it is necessary to assess the concentrations and effects of gases such as H2S on populations living and/or working near WWTPs...
August 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822881/investigating-the-relationship-between-jobs-housing-balance-and-traffic-safety
#5
Chengcheng Xu, Haojie Li, Jingya Zhao, Jun Chen, Wei Wang
This study aimed to investigate the effects of jobs-housing balance on traffic safety. The crash, demographic characteristics, employment, road network, household characteristics and traffic data were collected from the Los Angeles in 2010. One-way ANOVA tests indicated that the jobs-housing ratio significantly affects traffic safety in terms of crash frequency at traffic analysis zone (TAZ). To quantify the safety impacts of jobs-housing balance, the semi-parametric geographically weighted Poisson regression (S-GWPR) was further used to link crash frequency at TAZ with jobs-housing ratio and other contributing factors...
August 17, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822694/sex-and-the-housing-effects-on-behavior-cortisol-levels-and-weight-in-zebrafish
#6
Gustavo Kellermann Reolon, Gabriela Madalena de Melo, João Gabriel Dos Santos da Rosa, Leonardo José Gil Barcellos, Carla Denise Bonan
Studies with zebrafish use acclimatizing periods of at least one week immediately before the experiments. During this time, animals can be housed in sexually segregated conditions (only females or males in the tank) or in mixed-sex conditions (both sexes in the tank). The influence of sex and housing conditions regarding the presence of one or two sexes is largely unknown in zebrafish. Our aim was to evaluate the influence that sex and housing regarding the sex of animals had in the open tank task, in the inhibitory avoidance memory test, in cortisol levels and weight in zebrafish...
August 16, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822624/evaluating-an-australian-emergency-nurse-practitioner-candidate-training-program
#7
Sharyn J Plath, Mary Wright, Julia Hocking
Nurse Practitioners (NPs) receive core clinical training at master's level, with their employer providing the opportunity to upskill in clinical and procedural competencies. It is increasingly recognised that this generic education requires supplementary training for operating effectively within a specific clinical environment. In this paper we describe a pilot program designed to train Australian NP Candidates to work effectively within the Emergency Department Fast Track model of care. The training program consisted of a 12-month period: four hours in-house training per week over two semesters, running concurrently with the NP candidate's University semesters, and 3 months' clinical practice to consolidate...
August 16, 2017: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822567/classification-and-clinical-management-of-retrograde-peri-implantitis-associated-with-apical-periodontitis-a-proposed-classification-system-and-case-report
#8
Nima D Sarmast, Howard H Wang, Ali S Sajadi, Nikola Angelov, Samuel O Dorn
Biological complications involving dental implants include peri-implant diseases such as peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis. The latter presents with progressive bone loss from the alveolar crest in a coronal apical direction. However, a separate disease entity termed retrograde peri-implantitis (RPI), which presents with progressive bone loss at the periapex of the implant, also exists and may be of particular interest to endodontists because it typically presents with periapical pathology of both the implant and adjacent tooth or at a site that previously housed an endodontically treated tooth...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822553/vitamin-d-status-in-growing-dairy-goats-and-sheep-influence-of-ultraviolet-b-radiation-on-bone-metabolism-and-calcium-homeostasis
#9
M V Nemeth, M R Wilkens, A Liesegang
The aim of this study was to investigate how controlled UVB irradiation in combination with reduced nutritional vitamin D (vitD) supply affects vitD status and Ca metabolism of growing goats and sheep. The hypothesis was that, like dairy cows, goats and sheep are able to compensate for the missing nutritional supply of vitD through endogenous production in the skin, with the consequence of a high vitD status and a balanced Ca homeostasis. Sixteen lambs and 14 goat kids aged 3 and a half months were housed in an UVB free environment and fed hay and a vitD-free concentrate over a period of 13 wk...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822243/chrysin-induced-sperm-parameters-and-fatty-acid-profile-changes-improve-reproductive-performance-of-roosters
#10
Ali Sami Amin Altawash, Ahmad Zare Shahneh, Hossein Moravej, Mahdi Ansari
Having antioxidant and androgenic effects, Chrysin was orally administrated to roosters and reproductive performance including sperm quality and fatty acid composition, testis index, fertility and hatchability rates as well as blood testosterone concentration were assessed. Twenty eight 40-week-old Ross 308 roosters were individually housed, equally divided into four groups and received different levels of capsulated Chrysin including 0 (Ch0), 25 (Ch25), 50 (Ch50) or 75 (Ch75) mg/bird/day for 12 consecutive weeks...
August 5, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822215/family-emergency-plan-and-preparedness-among-medical-practitioners-in-zaria-nigeria
#11
Jerry Godfrey Makama, Istifanus Anekoson Joshua, Elizabeth Jerry Makama
BACKGROUND: There has been an increase in the incidence of disasters in many parts of the world. Similarly, Nigeria has witnessed a recent increase of man-made disaster events such as plane crash, fire incidents, flood, and building collapse, including bomb blast orchestrated by terrorists that often create emergency situations. Therefore, the aim of the study was to evaluate family emergency plan and preparedness among medical practitioners in Zaria. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study (May-July, 2013) of medical practitioners in Zaria, Nigeria...
January 2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822136/investigating-the-role-of-the-photorespiratory-pathway-in-non-photosynthetic-tissues
#12
Alisdair R Fernie, Hermann Bauwe, Lee J Sweetlove
Whilst photorespiration represents one of the dominant pathway fluxes in photosynthetic tissues there are hints from publically available gene expression data such as that housed in the bioarray resource (BAR; www.bar.utoronto.ca) that several of the constituent enzymes are present in roots and other heterotrophic tissues. Here we describe a protocol based on modification of the gaseous environment surrounding individual tissues of mutant and wild type Arabidopsis and evaluation of the consequences. This method could additionally easily be used for larger plants...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821917/factors-determining-presence-of-passerines-breeding-within-white-stork-ciconia-ciconia-nests
#13
Adam Zbyryt, Dariusz Jakubas, Marcin Tobolka
Nests of White Stork Ciconia ciconia are commonly used by various passerines as nesting sites. In this study, we investigated factors determining presence and number of pairs of species breeding within White Stork nests in an extensive farmland in NE Poland. In 133 (57%) out of 233 White Stork nests, we found at least one breeding pair of passerine bird. These were from three species: House Sparrows Passer domesticus (68% of 133 nests with co-breeding), Tree Sparrows Passer montanus (65%), and Starlings Sturnus vulgaris (30%)...
August 18, 2017: Die Naturwissenschaften
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821908/predicting-homeless-people-s-perceived-health-after-entering-the-social-relief-system-in-the-netherlands
#14
Jorien van der Laan, Barbara van Straaten, Sandra N Boersma, Gerda Rodenburg, Dike van de Mheen, Judith R L M Wolf
OBJECTIVES: We explored whether changes in the perceived health of homeless people after entering the social relief system (SRS) in The Netherlands were predicted by housing, income, hours of work, social support, unmet care needs, arrests, physical and mental health, substance use, and experiences of autonomy, competence and relatedness, in addition to perceived health at baseline, demographics, suspected intellectual disability, the duration of homelessness and the company of children in the shelter facility...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821669/transcriptomic-analysis-of-ribosome-bound-mrna-in-cortical-neurites-in-vivo
#15
Rebecca Ouwenga, Allison M Lake, David O'Brien, Amit Mogha, Adish Dani, Joseph D Dougherty
Localized translation in neurites helps regulate synaptic strength and development. Dysregulation of local translation is associated with many neurological disorders. However, due to technical limitations, study of this phenomenon has largely been limited to brain regions with laminar organization of dendrites such as the hippocampus or cerebellum. It has not been examined in the cortex, a region of importance for most neurological disorders, where dendrites of each neuronal population are densely intermingled with cell bodies of others...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821254/seasonal-fluctuations-in-body-weight-during-growth-of-thoroughbred-racehorses-during-their-athletic-career
#16
Yuji Takahashi, Toshiyuki Takahashi
BACKGROUND: Domesticated horses adapt to environmental conditions through seasonal fluctuations in their metabolic rate. The seasonal change of metabolic rates of domesticated horses in pastures is documented. However, there are few investigations on seasonal body weight change of domesticated horses housed in stables, which are provided constant energy intake throughout the year. Both seasonal changes and gain in body weight of racehorses during their athletic career is known to a lesser extent because their body weight are not measured in most countries...
August 18, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820722/house-structure-is-associated-with-plasmodium-falciparum-infection-in-a-low-transmission-setting-in-southern-zambia
#17
Matthew M Ippolito, Kelly M Searle, Harry Hamapumbu, Timothy M Shields, Jennifer C Stevenson, Philip E Thuma, William J Moss, For The Southern Africa International Center Of Excellence For Malaria Research
House structure may influence the risk of malaria by affecting mosquito entry and indoor resting. Identification of construction features associated with protective benefits could inform vector control approaches, even in low-transmission settings. We examined the association between house structure and malaria prevalence in a cross-sectional analysis of 2,788 children and adults residing in 866 houses in a low-transmission area of Southern Province, Zambia, over the period 2008-2012. Houses were categorized according to wall (brick/cement block or mud/grass) and roof (metal or grass) material...
August 7, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820587/flupyrimin-a-novel-insecticide-acting-at-the-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptors
#18
Yasumichi Onozaki, Ryo Horikoshi, Ikuya Ohno, Shigeki Kitsuda, Kathleen A Durkin, Tomonori Suzuki, Chiaki Asahara, Natsuko Hiroki, Rena Komabashiri, Rikako Shimizu, Shogo Furutani, Makoto Ihara, Kazuhiko Matsuda, Masaaki Mitomi, Shinzo Kagabu, Katsuhito Uomoto, Motohiro Tomizawa
A novel chemotype insecticide flupyrimin (FLP) [N-[(E)-1-(6-chloro-3-pyridinylmethyl)pyridin-2(1H)-ylidene]-2,2,2-trifluoroacetamide], discovered by Meiji Seika Pharma, has unique biological properties including outstanding potency to imidacloprid (IMI)-resistant rice pests together with superior safety toward pollinators. Intriguingly, FLP acts as a nicotinic antagonist in American cockroach neurons and [3H]FLP binds to the multiple high-affinity binding components in house fly nicotinic acetylcholine (ACh) receptor (nAChR) preparation...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820454/personal-hygiene-practices-among-urban-homeless-persons-in-boston-ma
#19
Jessica H Leibler, Daniel D Nguyen, Casey León, Jessie M Gaeta, Debora Perez
Persons experiencing homelessness in the United States experience significant barriers to self-care and personal hygiene, including limited access to clean showers, laundry and hand washing facilities. While the obstacles to personal hygiene associated with homelessness may increase risk of infectious disease, hygiene-related behaviors among people experiencing homelessness has received limited attention. We conducted a cross-sectional study of individuals experiencing homelessness in Boston, MA (n = 194) to identify hygiene-related self-care practices and risk factors for reduced hygiene in this population...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820301/translabyrinthine-microsurgical-resection-of-small-vestibular-schwannomas
#20
Marc S Schwartz, Gregory P Lekovic, Mia E Miller, William H Slattery, Eric P Wilkinson
OBJECTIVE Translabyrinthine resection is one of a number of treatment options available to patients with vestibular schwannomas. Though this procedure is hearing destructive, the authors have noted excellent clinical outcomes for patients with small tumors. The authors review their experience at a tertiary acoustic neuroma referral center in using the translabyrinthine approach to resect small vestibular schwannomas. All operations were performed by a surgical team consisting of a single neurosurgeon and 1 of 7 neurotologists...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
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