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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334514/monitoring-depression-rates-in-an-urban-community-use-of-electronic-health-records
#1
Arthur J Davidson, Stanley Xu, Carlos Irwin A Oronce, M Josh Durfee, Emily V McCormick, John F Steiner, Edward Havranek, Arne Beck
OBJECTIVES: Depression is the most common mental health disorder and mediates outcomes for many chronic diseases. Ability to accurately identify and monitor this condition, at the local level, is often limited to estimates from national surveys. This study sought to compare and validate electronic health record (EHR)-based depression surveillance with multiple data sources for more granular demographic subgroup and subcounty measurements. DESIGN/SETTING: A survey compared data sources for the ability to provide subcounty (eg, census tract [CT]) depression prevalence estimates...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334352/the-multimorbidity-cluster-analysis-tool-identifying-combinations-and-permutations-of-multiple-chronic-diseases-using-a-record-level-computational-analysis
#2
Kathryn Nicholson, Michael Bauer, Amanda Terry, Martin Fortin, Tyler Williamson, Amardeep Thind
Multimorbidity, or the co-occurrence of multiple chronic health conditions within an individual, is an increasingly dominant presence and burden in modern health care systems.  To fully capture its complexity, further research is needed to uncover the patterns and consequences of these co-occurring health states.  As such, the Multimorbidity Cluster Analysis Tool and the accompanying Multimorbidity Cluster Analysis Toolkit have been created to allow researchers to identify distinct clusters that exist within a sample of participants or patients living with multimorbidity...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334154/nano-titanium-monoxide-crystals-and-unusual-superconductivity-at-11-k
#3
Jijian Xu, Dong Wang, Heliang Yao, Kejun Bu, Jie Pan, Jianqiao He, Fangfang Xu, Zhanglian Hong, Xiaobo Chen, Fuqiang Huang
Nano TiO2 is investigated intensely due to extraordinary photoelectric performances in photocatalysis, new-type solar cells, etc., but only very few synthesis and physical properties have been reported on nanostructured TiO or other low valent titanium-containing oxides. Here, a core-shell nanoparticle made of TiO core covered with a ≈5 nm shell of amorphous TiO1+x is newly constructed via a controllable reduction method to synthesize nano TiO core and subsequent soft oxidation to form the shell (TiO1+x )...
January 15, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333503/the-effect-of-a-vegan-versus-aha-diet-in-coronary-artery-disease-evade-cad-trial-study-design-and-rationale
#4
Binita Shah, Lisa Ganguzza, James Slater, Jonathan D Newman, Nicole Allen, Edward Fisher, John Larigakis, Francisco Ujueta, Eugenia Gianos, Yu Guo, Kathleen Woolf
Background: Multiple studies demonstrate the benefit of a vegan diet on cardiovascular risk factors when compared to no intervention or usual dietary patterns. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of a vegan diet versus the American Heart Association (AHA)-recommended diet on inflammatory and glucometabolic profiles in patients with angiographically defined coronary artery disease (CAD). Study Design: This study is a randomized, open label, blinded end-point trial of 100 patients with CAD as defined by ≥50% diameter stenosis in a coronary artery ≥2 mm in diameter on invasive angiography...
December 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333100/assessment-of-the-temporomandibular-joint-function-in-young-adults-without-complaints-from-the-masticatory-system
#5
Wojciech Kondrat, Teresa Sierpińska, John Radke
Objective of the study was to evaluate the clinical status of the masticatory system in young adults with full permanent dentition and no stomatognathic system complaints. The study involved 186 randomly selected people with full dental arches with normal occlusal conditions corresponding to Angle's Class I aged 18 - 21 years with an average age of 19 years. Subjects were clinically examined and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) vibrations were recorded during open-wide and close movements using BioJVA. Then, patients were categorized into groups according to Piper's classification system...
2018: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331896/environmentally-available-hexavalent-chromium-in-soils-and-sediments-impacted-by-dispersed-fly-ash-in-sarigkiol-basin-northern-greece
#6
Nerantzis Kazakis, Nikolaos Kantiranis, Kyriaki Kalaitzidou, Efthimia Kaprara, Manassis Mitrakas, Robert Frei, George Vargemezis, Dimitrios Vogiatzis, Anastasios Zouboulis, Anestis Filippidis
Hexavalent chromium is one of the most toxic and carcinogenic species known and can be released into the environment from several sources. In Sarigkiol basin (N Greece) the presence of Cr(VI) in soil, sediments and groundwater may originate from both natural (ophiolitic rocks and their weathering products) and anthropogenic (dispersed fly ash produced from lignite power plants) sources. In this study, the distribution of contents and origin of environmentally available Cr(VI) in soils, sediments, regoliths and fly ash of Sarigkiol basin is presented...
January 11, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331293/toric-lens-implantation-in-cataract-surgery-automated-versus-manual-horizontal-axis-marking-analysis-of-50%C3%A2-cases
#7
M Raucau, H El Chehab, E Agard, C Lagenaite, C Dot
SUBJECT: The main objective of our study was to evaluate the contribution of automated conjunctival registration in the alignment of toric intraocular lenses by comparing automated registration optimized with Callisto® to manual marking of the horizontal axis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a prospective, descriptive, monocentric study on patients undergoing cataract surgery with a toric intraocular lens (Asphina 709 Zeiss), performed by a surgeon with good experience in toric implants, between September 2016 and March 2017...
January 10, 2018: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329321/impact-of-lipopolysaccharide-induced-acute-inflammation-on-baroreflex-controlled-sympathetic-arterial-pressure-regulation
#8
Takeshi Tohyama, Keita Saku, Toru Kawada, Takuya Kishi, Keimei Yoshida, Takuya Nishikawa, Hiroshi Mannoji, Kazuhiro Kamada, Kenji Sunagawa, Hiroyuki Tsutsui
BACKGROUND: Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induces acute inflammation, activates sympathetic nerve activity (SNA) and alters hemodynamics. Since the arterial baroreflex is a negative feedback system to stabilize arterial pressure (AP), examining the arterial baroreflex function is a prerequisite to understanding complex hemodynamics under LPS challenge. We investigated the impact of LPS-induced acute inflammation on SNA and AP regulation by performing baroreflex open-loop analysis. METHODS: Ten anesthetized Sprague-Dawley rats were used...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328007/-prophylactic-hydration-to-protect-renal-function-from-intravascular-iodinated-contrast-material-in-patients-at-high-risk-of-contrast-induced-nephropathy-amacing-a-prospective-randomised-phase-3-controlled-open-label-non-inferiority-trial
#9
E C Nijssen, R J Rennenberg, P J Nelemans, B A Essers, M M Janssen, M A Vermeeren, V van Ommen, J E Wildberger
BACKGROUND: Intravenous saline is recommended in clinical practice guidelines as the cornerstone for preventing contrast-induced nephropathy in patients with compromised renal function. However, clinical-effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of this prophylactic hydration treatment in protecting renal function has not been adequately studied in the population targeted by the guidelines, against a group receiving no prophylaxis. This was the aim of the AMACING trial. METHODS: AMACING is a prospective, randomised, phase 3, parallel-group, open-label, non-inferiority trial of patients at risk of contrast-induced nephropathy according to current guidelines...
2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327973/fluoroscopy-guided-percutaneous-vertebroplasty-for-symptomatic-loosened-pedicle-screw-and-instrumentation-associated-vertebral-fracture-an-evaluation-of-initial-experiences-and-technical-note
#10
Tsai-Sheng Fu, Yun-Da Li
OBJECTIVE For symptomatic loosened pedicle screws and instrumentation-associated vertebral fracture, extensive surgery to remove the pedicle screws and extend the instrumentation, along with the reinsertion of more pedicle screws, is usually the treatment of choice. After such a surgery, however, similar complications will still be encountered. In this study the authors propose minimally invasive percutaneous cement augmentation under fluoroscopic guidance as a salvage procedure that eliminates the inherent risks of conventional extensive surgery...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327405/from-non-encounters-to-autonomic-agency-conceptions-of-patients-with-low-back-pain-about-their-encounters-in-the-health-care-system
#11
Riikka Holopainen, Arja Piirainen, Ari Heinonen, Jaro Karppinen, Peter O'Sullivan
Low back pain is a considerable health problem which affects people around the world, causing major healthcare costs. The use of qualitative research methods enables us to describe and understand patients' experience of, and attitudes to, healthcare. The aim of the present phenomenographic study was to identify and describe the contextual nature of the conceptions of patients with low back pain of their encounters in the HCS. Seventeen patients with chronic or episodic low back pain classified as "high risk" were interviewed in open recall interviews, using videos of patients' initial physiotherapy sessions that had been recorded previously...
January 12, 2018: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326181/what-are-the-sources-of-stress-and-distress-for-general-practitioners-working-in-england-a-qualitative-study
#12
Ruth Riley, Johanna Spiers, Marta Buszewicz, Anna Kathryn Taylor, Gail Thornton, Carolyn Anne Chew-Graham
OBJECTIVES: This paper reports the sources of stress and distress experienced by general practitioners (GP) as part of a wider study exploring the barriers and facilitators to help-seeking for mental illness and burnout among this medical population. DESIGN: Qualitative study using in-depth interviews with 47 GP participants. The interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed, anonymised and imported into NVivo V.11 to facilitate data management. Data were analysed using a thematic analysis employing the constant comparative method...
January 11, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326029/neoadjuvant-treatment-with-trastuzumab-and-pertuzumab-plus-palbociclib-and-fulvestrant-in-her2-positive-er-positive-breast-cancer-na-pher2-an-exploratory-open-label-phase-2-study
#13
Luca Gianni, Giancarlo Bisagni, Marco Colleoni, Lucia Del Mastro, Claudio Zamagni, Mauro Mansutti, Milvia Zambetti, Antonio Frassoldati, Raffaella De Fato, Pinuccia Valagussa, Giuseppe Viale
BACKGROUND: In the neoadjuvant setting, blockade of HER2 plus use of an aromatase inhibitor in patients with HER2-positive and oestrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer leads to a pathological complete response in 21% of patients. Convergence of HER2 and ER signals on RB1 suggests that a combined pharmacological intervention directed to these targets could be synergistic. To test this approach, we combined palbociclib to block RB1, fulvestrant to block ER, and trastuzumab with pertuzumab to block HER2 in patients with HER2-positive, ER-positive breast cancer...
January 8, 2018: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325984/minimally-invasive-repair-of-pectus-carinatum
#14
Mustafa Yuksel, Tunc Lacin, Nezih Onur Ermerak, Esra Yamansavci Sirzai, Bihter Sayan
BACKGROUND: The second most common deformity of the anterior chest wall, pectus carinatum, is a diverse deformity that has been largely managed using open techniques. This study reviews clinical experience with a newly designed bar for minimally invasive repair of pectus carinatum. METHODS: We reviewed the records of all patients recorded in our Chest Wall Deformities Clinical Database. Between January 2006 and November 2016, minimally invasive repair of pectus carinatum was performed in 172 patients...
January 9, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325712/a-novel-gata-like-zinc-finger-transcription-factor-involving-in-hematopoiesis-of-eriocheir-sinensis
#15
Yannan Li, Zhihao Jia, Qilin Yi, Xiaorui Song, Yu Liu, Yunke Jia, Lingling Wang, Linsheng Song
GATA transcription factor is a family of DNA-binding proteins that can recognize and bind to sequence of (A/T) GATA (A/G). In the present study, a GATA-like protein (named as EsGLP) was characterized from Eriocheir sinensis, including an 834 bp full length open reading frame of EsGLP, encoding a polypeptide of 277 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence of EsGLP contained one conserved GATA-type zinc finger of the form Cys-X2-Cys-X17-Cys-X2-Cys, with four cysteine sites. The EsGLP mRNA transcripts were mainly detected in the hematopoietic tissue, hepatopancreas and gonad...
January 8, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325193/stabilization-of-olecranon-fractures-by-tension-band-wiring-or-plate-osteosynthesis-a-retrospective-study-of-41-cases
#16
Alexandre Fournet, Jean-François Boursier, Solène Corbeau, Adeline Decambron, Véronique Viateau, Pascal Fayolle, Anne-Sophie Bedu, Dimitri Leperlier, Mathieu Manassero
OBJECTIVES:  This article aimed to describe olecranon fracture in dogs and cats and their stabilization with tension band wiring or plate osteosynthesis, and to evaluate complications associated with each technique. METHODS:  Medical records of cats and dogs that had been surgically treated for olecranon fractures with either tension band wiring or plate osteosynthesis were retrospectively reviewed. The surgical technique, complications and long-term outcomes were assessed...
January 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324431/a-descriptive-qualitative-study-to-assess-patient-experiences-following-stoma-reversal-after-rectal-cancer-surgery
#17
Maria Reinwalds, Andrea Blixter, Eva Carlsson
Standard surgical treatment for patients operated for rectal cancer is abdominoperineal excision of the tumor result- ing in a permanent colostomy or an anterior resection, often with construction of a temporary loop ileostomy. Both options impact bowel function. Living with a permanent colostomy has been studied in depth, but knowledge is limited about patients' experiences living with a resected rectum after stoma reversal and how it affects daily life. A qualitative study was conducted to describe the rst 4 to 6 weeks after reversal of a temporary loop ileostomy due to rectal cancer...
December 2017: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323932/the-effects-of-breath-alcohol-concentration-on-postural-control
#18
Dary D Fiorentino
STRUCTURED ABSTRACT Background: Two of the three standardized field sobriety tests that US law enforcement uses at roadside checks have a postural equilibrium component to them. Those tests have been validated to detect impairment caused by blood alcohol concentrations (BACs) of .08 g/dL or above. Many medical and traffic safety associations support a lower limit, and one state, Utah, has passed a law to lower the limit to .05 g/dL. Many studies have examined the effects of alcohol on postural control (of which postural equilibrium is a component), with a consensus emerging that impairment is usually found at BACs greater than ...
January 11, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323521/psychological-processes-in-chronic-embitterment-the-potential-contribution-of-rumination
#19
Joanne M Dunn, Tom Sensky
OBJECTIVE: Chronic embitterment has received considerable attention in terms of its presentation and epidemiology, but there has been relatively little focus on its psychology. The present study aimed to test the hypothesis that embitterment is positively correlated with rumination, and that this effect is influenced by positive beliefs about rumination. METHOD: A convenience sample (N = 79) of staff of a health care facility attending its occupational health service completed questionnaires assessing chronic embitterment, work-related rumination (distinguishing affective rumination and problem solving pondering), positive beliefs about rumination, and depression...
January 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323514/ffmpd-scales-comparisons-with-the-ffm-pid-5-and-cat-pd-sf
#20
Cristina Crego, Joshua R Oltmanns, Thomas A Widiger
A series of 8 Five Factor Model Personality Disorder (FFMPD) scales have been developed to assess, from the perspective of the Five Factor Model (FFM), the maladaptive traits included within DSM-5 Section II personality disorders. An extensive body of FFMPD research has accumulated. However, for the most part, each study has been confined to the scales within 1 particular FFMPD Inventory. The current study considered 36 FFMPD scales, at least 1 from each of the 8 FFMPD inventories, including 8 scales considered to be from neuroticism, 8 from extraversion, 5 from openness, 8 from agreeableness, and 7 from conscientiousness...
January 2018: Psychological Assessment
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