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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762299/effectiveness-of-mitigation-interventions-on-occupational-violence-against-emergency-service-workers-a-mixed-methods-systematic-review-protocol
#1
Peter Drew, Vivienne Tippett, Scott Devenish
The objective of this review is to develop an aggregated synthesis of qualitative and quantitative data on occupational violence (OV) mitigation interventions for Emergency Service Workers (ESW), to cultivate useful conclusions and recommendations for paramedic occupational safety and policy development. Emergency Service Worker is a broad term encompassing all elements of community-based emergency support and includes paramedics, firefighters, and police.The objective of the quantitative component of this review is to quantify the effectiveness of OV mitigation interventions for ESW...
May 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735227/care-of-the-injured-patients-at-nursing-stations-and-during-air-medical-transport
#2
Brodie Nolan, Alun Ackery, Sol Mamakwa, Shari Glenn, David VanderBurgh, Aaron Orkin, Michael Kirlew, Evelyn Dell, Homer Tien
INTRODUCTION: Nursing stations are the only access point into the health care system for some communities and have limited capabilities and resources. We describe characteristics of patients injured in Northern Ontario who present to nursing stations and require transport by air ambulance. Secondary objectives are to compare interventions performed at nursing stations with those performed by flight paramedics and to identify systemic gaps in trauma care. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed of all injured patients transported by air ambulance from April 1, 2014, to March 31, 2015...
May 2018: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724172/a-randomized-controlled-trial-testing-the-effectiveness-of-a-paramedic-delivered-care-transitions-intervention-to-reduce-emergency-department-revisits
#3
Ranran Mi, Matthew M Hollander, Courtney M C Jones, Eva H DuGoff, Thomas V Caprio, Jeremy T Cushman, Amy J H Kind, Michael Lohmeier, Manish N Shah
BACKGROUND: Approximately 20% of community-dwelling older adults discharged from the emergency department (ED) return to an ED within 30 days, an occurrence partially resulting from poor care transitions. Prior published interventions to improve the ED-to-home transition have either lacked feasibility or effectiveness. The Care Transitions Intervention (CTI) has been validated to decrease rehospitalization among patients transitioning from the hospital to the home but has never been tested for patients transitioning from the ED to the home...
May 3, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688243/patterns-of-emergency-ambulance-use-2009-13-a-comparison-of-older-people-living-in-residential-aged-care-facilities-and-the-community
#4
R Dwyer, B Gabbe, T D Tran, K Smith, J A Lowthian
Objective: to examine demand for emergency ambulances by older people. Design: retrospective cohort study using secondary analysis of routinely collected clinical and administrative data from Ambulance Victoria, and population data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics and the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Setting: Victoria, Australia. Participants: people aged 65 years and over, living in Residential Aged Care Facilities (RACF) and the community, attended by emergency ambulance paramedics, 2009-13...
April 24, 2018: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666129/preventing-emergency-department-ed-visits-and-hospitalisations-of-older-adults-with-cognitive-impairment-compared-with-the-general-senior-population-what-do-we-know-about-avoidable-incidents-results-from-a-scoping-review
#5
Mireille Gagnon-Roy, Benyahia Hami, Mélissa Généreux, Nathalie Veillette, Marie-Josée Sirois, Mary Egan, Véronique Provencher
OBJECTIVES: Older cognitively impaired adults present a higher risk of hospitalisation and mortality following a visit to the emergency department (ED). Better understanding of avoidable incidents is needed to prevent them and the associated ED presentations in community-dwelling adults. This study aimed to synthetise the actual knowledge concerning these incidents leading this population to ED presentation, as well as possible preventive measures to reduce them. DESIGN: A scoping review was performed according to the Arksey and O'Malley framework...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582039/violence-against-ambulance-personnel-a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-national-data-from-safe-work-australia
#6
Brian J Maguire
Objectives and importance: Paramedics have high rates of occupational injury and fatality. The objective of this study is to describe their specific risks of violence-related injury. STUDY TYPE: This retrospective cohort study is an examination of retrospective data provided by Safe Work Australia (SWA). METHODS: An examination of the 300 cases of serious claims of injury related to assaults, violence, harassment and bullying that occurred among individuals identified as ambulance officers and paramedics in Australia from 2001 to 2014...
March 15, 2018: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542111/home-visit-based-community-paramedicine-and-its-potential-role-in-improving-patient-centered-primary-care-a-grounded-theory-study-and-framework
#7
Katie N Dainty, M Bianca Seaton, Ian R Drennan, Laurie J Morrison
OBJECTIVE: Community paramedicine (CP) is a model of community-based health care being used around the world. Our objective was to study the patient perspective and valuation of this type of program to understand its potential value for primary care innovation in the future. STUDY SETTING: The EPIC community paramedicine program is a partnership between primary care physicians and specially trained community paramedics, designed to provide in-home support for complex chronic disease patients in Ontario, Canada...
March 15, 2018: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525722/a-self-completed-questionnaire-study-of-attitudes-and-perceptions-of-paramedic-and-prehospital-practitioners-towards-acute-seizure-care-in-northern-ireland
#8
Michael Owen Kinney, Stephen J Hunt, Ciaran McKenna
INTRODUCTION: Paramedics are increasingly expected to take on wider roles in the management of epilepsy in the community by making nonconveyance decisions after patients have had seizures. Studies have identified barriers to the successful implementation of this clinical role. We sought to determine levels of confidence, training, perceived barriers, and self-identified learning needs and methods to address these needs regarding seizure management. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A questionnaire was developed by consensus and administered to 63 paramedic and prehospital clinicians at various mandatory training days occurring at the central headquarters of the regional ambulance service in Northern Ireland...
April 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514274/treatment-of-infections-caused-by-multidrug-resistant-gram-negative-bacteria-report-of-the-british-society-for-antimicrobial-chemotherapy-healthcare-infection-society-british-infection-association-joint-working-party
#9
Peter M Hawkey, Roderic E Warren, David M Livermore, Cliodna A M McNulty, David A Enoch, Jonathan A Otter, A Peter R Wilson
The Working Party makes more than 100 tabulated recommendations in antimicrobial prescribing for the treatment of infections caused by multidrug-resistant (MDR) Gram-negative bacteria (GNB) and suggest further research, and algorithms for hospital and community antimicrobial usage in urinary infection. The international definition of MDR is complex, unsatisfactory and hinders the setting and monitoring of improvement programmes. We give a new definition of multiresistance. The background information on the mechanisms, global spread and UK prevalence of antibiotic prescribing and resistance has been systematically reviewed...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506968/the-impact-of-a-small-private-online-course-as-a-new-approach-to-teaching-oncology-development-and-evaluation
#10
Charlotte Vaysse, Elodie Chantalat, Odile Beyne-Rauzy, Louise Morineau, Fabien Despas, Jean-Marc Bachaud, Nathalie Caunes, Muriel Poublanc, Elie Serrano, Roland Bugat, Marie-Eve Rougé Bugat, Anne-Laure Fize
BACKGROUND: Oncology involves complex care and multidisciplinary management of patients; however, misinformation and ineffective communication remain problematic. OBJECTIVE: The educational objective of our study was to develop a new teaching method to improve cancer treatment and management by emphasizing the link between hospitals (inpatients) and their surrounding communities (outpatients). METHODS: A team of 22 professionals from public and private institutions developed a small private online course (SPOC)...
March 5, 2018: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497199/primary-prevention-in-psychiatry-in-general-hospitals-in-south-asia
#11
Mamta Sood, Rakesh Kumar Chadda, Roy Abraham Kallivayalil
The focus of primary prevention is on reducing the disease incidence. Primary prevention in mental health has been given minimal priority in low-resource settings with no significant investments. General hospitals are one of the main providers of mental health services in South Asia. This paper focuses on primary prevention activities, which can be undertaken in a general hospital in South Asia with abysmally low-mental health resources. For implementing primary prevention in psychiatry, a general hospital may be conceptualized as a population unit, located in a well-populated area with easy accessibility where different kinds of communities, for example, students and resident doctors, consultants, patients and their caregivers, and paramedical, nursing, administrative and other supportive staff, coexist and have varied functions...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485328/national-systematic-legal-review-of-state-policies-on-emergency-medical-services-licensure-levels-authority-to-administer-opioid-antagonists
#12
Jeremiah M Kinsman, Kathy Robinson
OBJECTIVE: Previous research conducted in November 2013 found there were a limited number of states and territories in the United States (US) that authorize emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and emergency medical responders (EMRs) to administer opioid antagonists. Given the continued increase in the number of opioid-related overdoses and deaths, many states have changed their policies to authorize EMTs and EMRs to administer opioid antagonists. The goal of this study is to provide an updated description of policy on EMS licensure levels' authority to administer opioid antagonists for all 50 US states, the District of Columbia (DC), and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (PR)...
February 27, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432041/qualitative-evaluation-of-the-coach-training-within-a-community-paramedicine-care-transitions-intervention
#13
Hunter Singh Lau, Matthew M Hollander, Jeremy T Cushman, Eva H DuGoff, Courtney M C Jones, Amy J H Kind, Michael T Lohmeier, Eric A Coleman, Manish N Shah
OBJECTIVE: The Care Transitions Intervention (CTI) has potential to improve the emergency department (ED)-to-home transition for older adults. Community paramedics may function as the CTI coaches; however, this requires the appropriate knowledge, skills, and attitudes, which they do not receive in traditional emergency medical services (EMS) education. This study aimed to define community paramedics' perceptions regarding their training needs to serve as CTI coaches supporting the ED-to-home transition...
February 12, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401706/conceptualizing-and-managing-medical-emergencies-where-no-formal-paramedical-system-exists-perspectives-from-a-remote-indigenous-community-in-canada
#14
Jeffrey Curran, Stephen D Ritchie, Jackson Beardy, David VanderBurgh, Karen Born, John Lewko, Aaron M Orkin
(1) Background: Remote communities in Canada lack an equitable emergency medical response capacity compared to other communities. Community-based emergency care (CBEC) training for laypeople is a model that has the potential to enhance the medical emergency response capacity in isolated and resource-limited contexts. The purpose of this study was to understand the characteristics of medical emergencies and to conceptualize and present a framework for what a medical emergency is for one remote Indigenous community in northwestern Ontario, in order to inform the development of CBEC training...
February 4, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374478/operation-and-challenges-of-home-based-medical-practices-in-the-us-findings-from-six-aggregated-case-studies
#15
Gregory J Norman, Kristann Orton, Amy Wade, Andrea M Morris, Jill C Slaboda
BACKGROUND: Home-based primary care (HBPC) is a multidisciplinary, ongoing care strategy that can provide cost-effective, in-home treatment to meet the needs of the approximately four million homebound, medically complex seniors in the U.S. Because there is no single model of HBPC that can be adopted across all types of health organizations and U.S. geographic regions, we conducted a six-site HBPC practice assessment to better understand different operation structures, common challenges, and approaches to delivering HBPC...
January 27, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364746/descriptive-analysis-of-mental-health-related-presentations-to-emergency-medical-services
#16
Renee Roggenkamp, Emily Andrew, Ziad Nehme, Shelley Cox, Karen Smith
OBJECTIVE: In many developed countries, a lack of community-based mental health services is driving increased utilization of emergency medical services (EMS). In this descriptive study, we sought to describe the demographic and clinical characteristics of mental health-related EMS presentations in Victoria, Australia. METHODS: A retrospective observational study of EMS presentations occurring between January and December 2015. Computer Aided Dispatch and electronic patient care record data were extracted from an electronic data warehouse...
January 24, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319741/verbal-abuse-and-mobbing-in-pre-hospital-care-services-in-chile
#17
Varinia Rodríguez Campo, Tatiana Paravic Klijn
OBJECTIVE: to determine the perception of verbal abuse and mobbing and the associated factors of paramedic technicians (nursing assistants) and professionals (nurses, midwives, kinesiologists) in the pre-hospital care areas of three regions in the south of Chile. METHODS: descriptive and correlational study was performed within the professional community and a two-stage sample of the paramedic technician population in three regions. The questionnaire "workplace violence in the health sector" (spanish version) was applied after signing the informed consent...
January 8, 2018: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310618/epidemiology-of-unplanned-out-of-hospital-births-attended-by-paramedics
#18
Gayle McLelland, Lisa McKenna, Amee Morgans, Karen Smith
BACKGROUND: Over the previous two decades the incidence and number of unplanned out of hospital births Victoria has increased. As the only out of hospital emergency care providers in Victoria, paramedics would provide care for women having birth emergencies in the community. However, there is a lack of research about the involvement of paramedics provide for these women and their newborns. This research reports the clinical profile of a 1-year sample caseload of births attended by a state-wide ambulance service in Australia...
January 8, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273612/interprofessional-care-collaboration-for-patients-with-heart-failure
#19
Amanda Boykin, Danielle Wright, Lydia Stevens, Lauren Gardner
PURPOSE: An innovative collaborative care model to improve transitions of care (TOC) for patients with heart failure (HF) is described. SUMMARY: As part of a broad effort by New Hanover Regional Medical Center (NHRMC) to reduce avoidable 30-day hospital readmissions and decrease associated healthcare costs through a team-centered, value-based approach to patient care, an interprofessional team was formed to help reduce hospital readmissions among discharged patients with HF...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249401/-infants-living-with-their-mothers-in-the-rennes-france-prison-for-women-between-1998-and-2013-facts-and-perspectives
#20
A Blanchard, L Bébin, S Leroux, M Roussey, M-A Horel, M Desforges, I Page, Y Bidet, M Balençon
Every year in France, nearly 50 infants live in a prison nursery with their mother. According to French law, infants can live with their mother in the prison nursery until they reach 18 months of age. The international community is concerned about the lack of validated social, medical and legal data on these infants living in prison. This was a retrospective and descriptive study. Medical and paramedical files of the General Council of Île-et-Vilaine, France, were studied. Every infant born between 1998 and 2013 while their mother was in prison were included...
January 2018: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
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