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community paramedic

Katie N Dainty, M Bianca Seaton, Ian R Drennan, Laurie J Morrison
OBJECTIVE: Community paramedicine (CP) is a model of community-based health care being used around the world. Our objective was to study the patient perspective and valuation of this type of program to understand its potential value for primary care innovation in the future. STUDY SETTING: The EPIC community paramedicine program is a partnership between primary care physicians and specially trained community paramedics, designed to provide in-home support for complex chronic disease patients in Ontario, Canada...
March 15, 2018: Health Services Research
Michael Owen Kinney, Stephen J Hunt, Ciaran McKenna
INTRODUCTION: Paramedics are increasingly expected to take on wider roles in the management of epilepsy in the community by making nonconveyance decisions after patients have had seizures. Studies have identified barriers to the successful implementation of this clinical role. We sought to determine levels of confidence, training, perceived barriers, and self-identified learning needs and methods to address these needs regarding seizure management. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A questionnaire was developed by consensus and administered to 63 paramedic and prehospital clinicians at various mandatory training days occurring at the central headquarters of the regional ambulance service in Northern Ireland...
March 7, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Peter M Hawkey, Roderic E Warren, David M Livermore, Cliodna A M McNulty, David A Enoch, Jonathan A Otter, A Peter R Wilson
The Working Party makes more than 100 tabulated recommendations in antimicrobial prescribing for the treatment of infections caused by multidrug-resistant (MDR) Gram-negative bacteria (GNB) and suggest further research, and algorithms for hospital and community antimicrobial usage in urinary infection. The international definition of MDR is complex, unsatisfactory and hinders the setting and monitoring of improvement programmes. We give a new definition of multiresistance. The background information on the mechanisms, global spread and UK prevalence of antibiotic prescribing and resistance has been systematically reviewed...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Charlotte Vaysse, Elodie Chantalat, Odile Beyne-Rauzy, Louise Morineau, Fabien Despas, Jean-Marc Bachaud, Nathalie Caunes, Muriel Poublanc, Elie Serrano, Roland Bugat, Marie-Eve Rougé Bugat, Anne-Laure Fize
BACKGROUND: Oncology involves complex care and multidisciplinary management of patients; however, misinformation and ineffective communication remain problematic. OBJECTIVE: The educational objective of our study was to develop a new teaching method to improve cancer treatment and management by emphasizing the link between hospitals (inpatients) and their surrounding communities (outpatients). METHODS: A team of 22 professionals from public and private institutions developed a small private online course (SPOC)...
March 5, 2018: JMIR Medical Education
Mamta Sood, Rakesh Kumar Chadda, Roy Abraham Kallivayalil
The focus of primary prevention is on reducing the disease incidence. Primary prevention in mental health has been given minimal priority in low-resource settings with no significant investments. General hospitals are one of the main providers of mental health services in South Asia. This paper focuses on primary prevention activities, which can be undertaken in a general hospital in South Asia with abysmally low-mental health resources. For implementing primary prevention in psychiatry, a general hospital may be conceptualized as a population unit, located in a well-populated area with easy accessibility where different kinds of communities, for example, students and resident doctors, consultants, patients and their caregivers, and paramedical, nursing, administrative and other supportive staff, coexist and have varied functions...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Jeremiah M Kinsman, Kathy Robinson
OBJECTIVE: Previous research conducted in November 2013 found there were a limited number of states and territories in the United States (US) that authorize emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and emergency medical responders (EMRs) to administer opioid antagonists. Given the continued increase in the number of opioid-related overdoses and deaths, many states have changed their policies to authorize EMTs and EMRs to administer opioid antagonists. The goal of this study is to provide an updated description of policy on EMS licensure levels' authority to administer opioid antagonists for all 50 US states, the District of Columbia (DC), and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (PR)...
February 27, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
Hunter Singh Lau, Matthew M Hollander, Jeremy T Cushman, Eva H DuGoff, Courtney M C Jones, Amy J H Kind, Michael T Lohmeier, Eric A Coleman, Manish N Shah
OBJECTIVE: The Care Transitions Intervention (CTI) has potential to improve the emergency department (ED)-to-home transition for older adults. Community paramedics may function as the CTI coaches; however, this requires the appropriate knowledge, skills, and attitudes, which they do not receive in traditional emergency medical services (EMS) education. This study aimed to define community paramedics' perceptions regarding their training needs to serve as CTI coaches supporting the ED-to-home transition...
February 12, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
Jeffrey Curran, Stephen D Ritchie, Jackson Beardy, David VanderBurgh, Karen Born, John Lewko, Aaron M Orkin
(1) Background: Remote communities in Canada lack an equitable emergency medical response capacity compared to other communities. Community-based emergency care (CBEC) training for laypeople is a model that has the potential to enhance the medical emergency response capacity in isolated and resource-limited contexts. The purpose of this study was to understand the characteristics of medical emergencies and to conceptualize and present a framework for what a medical emergency is for one remote Indigenous community in northwestern Ontario, in order to inform the development of CBEC training...
February 4, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Gregory J Norman, Kristann Orton, Amy Wade, Andrea M Morris, Jill C Slaboda
BACKGROUND: Home-based primary care (HBPC) is a multidisciplinary, ongoing care strategy that can provide cost-effective, in-home treatment to meet the needs of the approximately four million homebound, medically complex seniors in the U.S. Because there is no single model of HBPC that can be adopted across all types of health organizations and U.S. geographic regions, we conducted a six-site HBPC practice assessment to better understand different operation structures, common challenges, and approaches to delivering HBPC...
January 27, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Renee Roggenkamp, Emily Andrew, Ziad Nehme, Shelley Cox, Karen Smith
OBJECTIVE: In many developed countries, a lack of community-based mental health services is driving increased utilization of emergency medical services (EMS). In this descriptive study, we sought to describe the demographic and clinical characteristics of mental health-related EMS presentations in Victoria, Australia. METHODS: A retrospective observational study of EMS presentations occurring between January and December 2015. Computer Aided Dispatch and electronic patient care record data were extracted from an electronic data warehouse...
January 24, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
Varinia Rodríguez Campo, Tatiana Paravic Klijn
OBJECTIVE: to determine the perception of verbal abuse and mobbing and the associated factors of paramedic technicians (nursing assistants) and professionals (nurses, midwives, kinesiologists) in the pre-hospital care areas of three regions in the south of Chile. METHODS: descriptive and correlational study was performed within the professional community and a two-stage sample of the paramedic technician population in three regions. The questionnaire "workplace violence in the health sector" (spanish version) was applied after signing the informed consent...
January 8, 2018: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Gayle McLelland, Lisa McKenna, Amee Morgans, Karen Smith
BACKGROUND: Over the previous two decades the incidence and number of unplanned out of hospital births Victoria has increased. As the only out of hospital emergency care providers in Victoria, paramedics would provide care for women having birth emergencies in the community. However, there is a lack of research about the involvement of paramedics provide for these women and their newborns. This research reports the clinical profile of a 1-year sample caseload of births attended by a state-wide ambulance service in Australia...
January 8, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Amanda Boykin, Danielle Wright, Lydia Stevens, Lauren Gardner
PURPOSE: An innovative collaborative care model to improve transitions of care (TOC) for patients with heart failure (HF) is described. SUMMARY: As part of a broad effort by New Hanover Regional Medical Center (NHRMC) to reduce avoidable 30-day hospital readmissions and decrease associated healthcare costs through a team-centered, value-based approach to patient care, an interprofessional team was formed to help reduce hospital readmissions among discharged patients with HF...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
A Blanchard, L Bébin, S Leroux, M Roussey, M-A Horel, M Desforges, I Page, Y Bidet, M Balençon
Every year in France, nearly 50 infants live in a prison nursery with their mother. According to French law, infants can live with their mother in the prison nursery until they reach 18 months of age. The international community is concerned about the lack of validated social, medical and legal data on these infants living in prison. This was a retrospective and descriptive study. Medical and paramedical files of the General Council of Île-et-Vilaine, France, were studied. Every infant born between 1998 and 2013 while their mother was in prison were included...
December 14, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Raquel Hertig, Rina Ackerman, Brenda Zagar, Serina Tart
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cape Fear Valley Medical Center (CFVMC) implemented a Community Paramedic Program (CPP) to improve the transition of hospitalized patients to the home setting. In this program, paramedics conduct home visits for 30 days after qualifying patients are discharged. This article describes pharmacy services provided to CPP patients by fourth-year pharmacy students on Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences (APPE) that assisted with home visits. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Students were oriented to the CPP and patient interview technique was assessed through a role-play scenario...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
Brenda Staffan, Dan Swayze, Matt Zavadsky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: JEMS: a Journal of Emergency Medical Services
W J Fokkens, C Bachert, M Bernal-Sprekelsen, J Bousquet, M Djandji, A Dorenbaum, D Hakimi-Mehr, S Hendry, C Hopkins, A Leunig, L Mannent, D Mucha, M Onerci, B Pugin, S Toppila-Salmi, P Rowe, S F Seys, S Stimson, A Strzembosz, P W Hellings
The first Rhinology Future Debates was held in Brussels in December 2016, organized by EUFOREA (European Forum for Research and Education in Allergy and Airways diseases). The purpose of these debates is to bring novel developments in the field of Rhinology to the attention of the medical, paramedical and patient community, in a highly credible and balanced context. For the first time in Rhinology, a peer to peer scientific exchange with key experts in the field of rhinology and key medical colleagues from leading industries let to a brainstorming and discussion event on a number of hot issues in Rhinology...
December 1, 2017: Rhinology
Andrew A Udy, Karen Smith, Stephen Bernard
Significant tension surrounds the application of antibiotics in suspected infection. Guidelines stress the importance of early empirical broad-spectrum therapy, with select observational data suggesting inferior outcomes when this is delayed. In contrast, microbiological resistance is an ever increasing global problem, with many advocating for a more restricted, culture-driven approach to antibiotic prescription. Controlled trial data are urgently needed, although many clinicians would find withholding of antibiotic therapy unethical...
November 16, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
A Stefanie Mikolaizak, Stephen R Lord, Anne Tiedemann, Paul Simpson, Gideon Caplan, Jason C Bendall, Kirsten Howard, Jacqueline Close
OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors and impact of adherence to a multifactorial fall-prevention program on falls and health service utilisation. METHODS: Randomised controlled trial with a priori subgroup analysis within intervention group according to adherence. Participants were community dwelling, (≥65 years), not transported to hospital following fall-related paramedic care. The Attitudes to Falls-Related Interventions Scale (AFRIS) was completed at baseline, adherence levels were measured (three-point scale) at six months, and falls and health service utilisation were recorded for 12 months...
November 15, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Katherine Walker, Michael Ben-Meir
Emergency medicine was once exclusively provided in public hospitals in Australia, but now over half a million consultations per annum are in private (7% total emergency consultations). Private EDs have excess capacity and are staffed by senior doctors (majority FACEM) with open access to investigations and broad specialist inpatient services. Public EDs struggle with rising attendances and overcapacity. Private hospitals have high levels of patient satisfaction and aim to optimise service provision. A major barrier to private ED attendances is out-of-pocket costs...
October 26, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
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