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Medicolegal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095015/medicolegal-malpractice-and-ethical-issues-in-radiology-professional-liability-malpractice-insurance-occurrence-versus-claims-made
#1
Leonard Berlin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086760/education-of-pediatric-subspecialty-fellows-in-transport-medicine-a-national-survey
#2
Geoffrey E Mickells, Denise M Goodman, Ranna A Rozenfeld
BACKGROUND: The transport of critically ill patients to children's hospitals is essential to current practice. The AAP Section on Transport Medicine has raised concerns about future leadership in the field as trainees receive less exposure to transport medicine. This study identifies the priorities of pediatric subspecialty fellows, fellowship directors and nursing directors in transport medicine education. METHODS: Internet based surveys were distributed to fellows, fellowship directors and nursing directors of transport teams affiliated with ACGME-approved fellowships in Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine (NPM), Pediatric Critical Care Medicine (PCCM), and Pediatric Emergency Medicine (PEM)...
January 13, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079530/can-intoxication-status-be-used-as-a-prediction-tool-for-manner-of-death-a-comparison-of-the-intoxication-status-in-violent-suicides-and-homicides
#3
D Kimberley Molina, Veronica M Hargrove
Determining the manner of death in medicolegal death investigations can be difficult. The investigator relies on many facets of death investigation, including the circumstances of death and autopsy examination. A study was designed to analyze whether the intoxication status of the decedent could be used as another tool in death investigations. The intoxication status of violent (nonoverdose or poisoning) suicides and homicides was retrospectively reviewed and compared. A total of 625 deaths were identified, including 366 suicides and 259 homicides...
January 10, 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078468/surgery-of-the-hallux-valgus-in-an-ambulatory-setting-a-liability-risk
#4
L Galois, J-M Serwier, A D Arashvand
INTRODUCTION: The primary objective of the study is to make an inventory of malpractice in hallux valgus surgery in an ambulatory setting and to identify the patient characteristics for a higher risk of malpractice. The secondary objective is creating a methodology for analyzing the medicolegal aspects of a surgery in day case comparing with hospitalization. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The database of the Branchet insurance company was used. A total of 11,000 claims for a period of 11 years (2002-2013) have been investigated...
January 11, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075617/medicolegal-malpractice-and-ethical-issues-in-radiology
#5
Leonard Berlin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068679/-pneumothorax-following-dry-needling-treatment-legal-and-ethical-aspects
#6
Gianpaolo Ronconi, Fabio De Giorgio, Eleonora Ricci, Loredana Maggi, Antonio G Spagnolo, Paola Emilia Ferrara
Trigger point "dry needling" is a technique used to treat myofascial pain. It involves using filiform needles which are inserted into muscles to give local pain relief. Few cases of serious adverse events following this treatment have been reported in the literature. In this paper we describe the case of a professional swimmer who developed pneumothorax after dry needling treatment and discuss the medicolegal and ethical aspects related to competencies and responsibilities of medical doctors and physiotherapists performing the procedure...
September 2016: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066905/implications-of-genital-mutilation-at-autopsy
#7
Roger W Byard
Given the potential significance of mutilation of the external genitalia in medicolegal fatalities, a review of the literature was undertaken to identify subcategories. Such mutilations may have been sustained sometime before death, around the time of death, or after death. The most common type of ante mortem genital mutilations involves cultural practices such as male circumcision. Less common male mutilations such as subincisions are tribally based. Female genital mutilation is found particularly in African, Middle Eastern, or Asian populations...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066890/undocumented-border-crosser-deaths-in-arizona-expanding-intrastate-collaborative-efforts-in-identification
#8
Julie M Fleischman, Ashley E Kendell, Christen C Eggers, Laura C Fulginiti
Undocumented Border Crosser (UBC) deaths in Arizona are a major issue faced by medicolegal authorities. Currently, the Maricopa County Office of the Medical Examiner (MCOME) is in possession of over two hundred unidentified individuals, more than half of whom are presumed to be UBCs. The primary goal of this study was to address the growing number of UBC deaths in Maricopa County in order to provide a more comprehensive picture of this important anthropological issue within the state of Arizona. Of the 107 total UBC cases evaluated for the study, the majority were male and age estimates for all individuals were between 15 to 60 years old...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066020/neuroscience-based-nomenclature-and-medicolegal-significance-response
#9
Chittaranjan Andrade, T S Sathyanarayana Rao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066019/neuroscience-based-nomenclature-and-medicolegal-significance
#10
Smitha Ramadas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065419/a-study-on-sexual-violence-inflicted-on-individuals-with-intellectual-developmental-disorder
#11
A N Vadysinghe, P B Dassanayaka, M Sivasubramanium, D P P Senasinghe, A N Samaranayake, W M M H P Wickramasinghe
BACKGROUND: Rates of violence and abuse perpetrated on people with intellectual and developmental disability (IDD) have been reported to be significantly higher than on individuals without disability. However, rates of sexual violence against people with IDD in some less industrialized countries, such as Sri Lanka, have not been previously reported. OBJECTIVES: To describe characteristics of victims and perpetrators as well as the types of abuse found during medicolegal examinations of patients with IDD...
December 21, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058573/anterior-wrist-and-medial-malleolus-as-the-novel-sites-of-tissue-selection-a-retrospective-study-on-electric-shock-death-through-the-hand-to-foot-circuit-pathway
#12
Guangtao Xu, Ruibing Su, Junyao Lv, Bo Hu, Huan Gu, Xianxian Li, Jiang Gu, Xiaojun Yu
Our previous work demonstrated that characteristic changes could occur in the anterior wrist and medial malleolus in electric deaths through the hand-to-foot electric circuit pathway in an electric shock rat model. However, whether the same phenomenon occurs in humans is unknown. The aim of the present retrospective study was to ascertain whether the anterior wrist and medial malleolus could also be selected as the promising and significant sites in electric death through the hand-to-foot circuit pathway. Nineteen human cases from the autopsy and one clinical survivor who sustained a severe electric shock through the hand-to-foot circuit pathway were analyzed...
January 6, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050373/histopathologic-findings-in-autopsies-with-emphasis-on-interesting-and-incidental-findings-a-pathologist-s-perspective
#13
Sapna Patel, B R Rajalakshmi, G V Manjunath
INTRODUCTION: Autopsy aids to the knowledge of pathology by unveiling the rare lesions which are a source of learning from a pathologist's perspective Some of them are only diagnosed at autopsy as they do not cause any functional derangement. This study emphasizes the various incidental lesions which otherwise would have been unnoticed during a person's life. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the spectrum of histopathological findings including neoplastic lesions related or unrelated to the cause of death...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045694/forensic-analysis-of-parachute-deaths
#14
Michael Philip Burke, Johannes Chitty
Deaths associated with parachuting are very uncommon. However, these deaths do tend to be "high profile" in the traditional and social media. When forensic pathologists examine the deceased after a fatal parachuting incident, the anatomical cause of death is usually not in question. For most forensic pathologists, it is usually the case that we will have very limited knowledge of parachuting equipment or the mechanics of a typical successful parachute jump. As such, the investigation of the death should involve a multidisciplinary approach with an appropriate expert providing the formal forensic examination of the parachuting equipment...
December 30, 2016: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028802/fatal-intoxication-with-%C3%AE-pvp-a-synthetic-cathinone-derivative
#15
Barbara Potocka-Banaś, Tomasz Janus, Sławomir Majdanik, Tomasz Banaś, Teresa Dembińska, Krzysztof Borowiak
This study presents the fatal case of a young man who was admitted to the ICAU due to sudden cardiac arrest. An interview revealed that the patient had taken some unspecified crystals. From the moment of admission, his condition deteriorated dramatically as a result of increasing circulatory insufficiency. After a few hours, sudden cardiac arrest occurred again and the patient was pronounced dead. In the course of a medicolegal autopsy, samples of biological material were preserved for toxicology tests and histopathological examination...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009242/an-analysis-of-malpractice-litigation-related-to-the-management-of-brain-aneurysms
#16
Raghav Gupta, Christoph J Griessenauer, Justin M Moore, Nimer Adeeb, Apar S Patel, Christopher S Ogilvy, Ajith J Thomas
OBJECTIVE Given the highly complex and demanding clinical environment in which neurosurgeons operate, the probability of facing a medical malpractice claim is high. Recent emphasis on tort reform within the political sphere has brought this issue to the forefront of medical literature. Despite the widespread fear of litigation in the medical community, few studies have provided an analysis of malpractice litigation in the field. Here, the authors attempt to delineate the medicolegal factors that impel plaintiffs to file medical malpractice claims related to the management of brain aneurysms, and to better characterize the nature of these lawsuits...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008610/medicolegal-implications-of-nosocomial-infections-a-case-report-of-aspergillus-contamination-during-cardiac-surgery
#17
Lucile Tuchtan, Marie-Dominique Piercecchi-Marti, Henri Dumon, Dominique Métras, Georges Léonetti, Christophe Bartoli
Nosocomial infections have become a major issue of public health and lead to an increasing number of suits for damages. We present a rare case of Aspergillus contamination during cardiac surgery, describe the medicolegal investigation, and present the new system for compensation of bodily injury after nosocomial infection in France, based on the law of March 4, 2002 on patient rights and quality in the health system. This case demonstrates the limits of compensation for nosocomial infections on the grounds of national solidarity...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005622/laser-safety-in-isotretinoin-use-a-survey-of-expert-opinion-and-practice
#18
Heidi B Prather, Murad Alam, Emily Poon, Kenneth A Arndt, Jeffrey S Dover
BACKGROUND: Reports of poor wound healing in the setting of isotretinoin treatment have created a conservative standard of care in which laser and phototherapy treatment of patients receiving isotretinoin is relatively contraindicated. OBJECTIVE: A survey of 220 nationally recognized experts in cutaneous laser surgery was conducted to evaluate physician experience and opinion pertaining to laser and light procedures in patients treated with isotretinoin, including perceived risk and actual complications...
December 21, 2016: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003384/shaping-attitudes-of-psychiatry-residents-toward-forensic-patients
#19
Brad D Booth, Eric Mikhail, Susan Curry, J Paul Fedoroff
With increasing criminalization of the mentally ill, individuals with mental disorders more frequently come into contact with the legal system. Psychiatrists may find themselves evaluating these individuals in a forensic context or treating them. Unfortunately, resident trainees and psychiatrists may be uncomfortable with forensic matters and treating patients with medicolegal problems. To clarify the attitudes and experience of Canadian psychiatry trainees, attendees at a national psychiatry review course were polled...
December 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993902/views-on-mandatory-reporting-of-impaired-health-practitioners-by-their-treating-practitioners-a-qualitative-study-from-australia
#20
Marie M Bismark, Ben Mathews, Jennifer M Morris, Laura A Thomas, David M Studdert
OBJECTIVE: To explore the views and experiences of health sector professionals in Australia regarding a new national law requiring treating practitioners to report impaired health practitioners whose impairments came to their attention in the course of providing treatment. METHOD: We conducted a thematic analysis of in-depth, semistructured interviews with 18 health practitioners and 4 medicolegal advisors from Australia's 6 states, each of whom had experience with applying the new mandatory reporting law in practice...
December 19, 2016: BMJ Open
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