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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806466/medicolegal-death-investigation-of-sudden-unexpected-infant-deaths
#1
Roger A Mitchell, Constance DiAngelo, Daniel Morgan
This review article describes the role of the medicolegal death investigator and medical examiner or coroner (MEC) in the investigations of a sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) beginning with an introduction into the case types that should be investigated and how infant deaths fit into that legal framework. The article also provides an overview of the history of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention SUID investigation guidelines and process. The article concludes with a description of how the MEC correlates the scene investigation with autopsy findings, as well as the role of the MEC in cause of death determinations...
August 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803513/mechanisms-of-unexpected-death-and-autopsy-findings-in-friedreich-ataxia
#2
Roger W Byard, John D Gilbert
A 36-year-old woman with a clinical history of Friedreich ataxia and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy was found unexpectedly dead at her home. The heart showed asymmetric left ventricular hypertrophy, with an interventricular septal thickness of 20-25 mm (the remainder of the left ventricular wall measured 15 mm). Histologically, both ventricles had irregular areas of marked myocyte hypertrophy with associated interstitial fibrosis and focal myofibre disarray. There was neuronal loss within the dentate nucleus of the cerebellum, with vacuolation and axonal loss in the dorsal columns and spinocerebellar tracts of the upper cervical spinal cord...
January 1, 2017: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781897/a-medicolegal-study-of-domestic-violence-in-south-region-of-jordan
#3
Hasan Al-Hawari, Asmaa El-Banna
BACKGROUND: Domestic violence is a forced pattern of behavior that happened in domestic settings to gain or maintain power and control over an individual. The aim of this work is to study the magnitude of domestic violence in south region of Jordan. METHODS: The retrospective study was retrieved from the medico-legal reports of domestic violence cases referred to the Directorate of Forensic Medicine in south region of Jordan during six years period starting from 1st of January 2010 till the end of December 2015...
2017: Egyptian journal of forensic sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776180/fresh-and-dry-mass-estimates-of-hermetia-illucens-linnaeus-1758-diptera-stratiomyidae-larvae-associated-with-swine-decomposition-in-urban-area-of-central-amazonia
#4
L M Barros, R T Martins, R L Ferreira-Keppler, A L N Gutjahr
Information on biomass is substantial for calculating growth rates and may be employed in the medicolegal and economic importance of Hermetia illucens (Linnaeus, 1758). Although biomass is essential to understanding many ecological processes, it is not easily measured. Biomass may be determined by directly weighing or indirectly through regression models of fresh/dry mass versus body dimensions. In this study, we evaluated the association between morphometry and fresh/dry mass of immature H. illucens using linear, exponential, and power regression models...
August 4, 2017: Neotropical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774526/gopro-hero-4-black-recording-of-scleral-buckle-placement-during-retinal-detachment-repair
#5
Vincent Y Ho, Vaishali G Shah, David M Yates, Gaurav K Shah
OBJECTIVE: GoPro and Google Glass technology have previously been used to record procedures in ophthalmology and other medical fields. In this manuscript, GoPro's latest HERO 4 Black edition camera (GoPro Inc, San Mateo, Calif.) will be used to record the placement of a scleral buckle during retinal detachment surgery. METHODS: GoPro HERO 4 Black edition camera, which records 4K-quality video with a resolution of 3840 (pixels) x 2160 (lines), was mounted on a head strap to record placement of a scleral buckle for a retinal detachment...
August 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767539/medicolegal-investigations-into-deaths-due-to-crush-asphyxia-after-tractor-side-rollovers
#6
Carlo Moreschi, Ugo Da Broi, Antonia Fanzutto, Sirio Cividino, Rino Gubiani, Gianfranco Pergher
Farm tractors are large, heavy, powerful vehicles with a high center of gravity. When driven carelessly on sloping, irregular, or slippery ground, tractors can overturn sideways and cause the death by crush asphyxia of the driver or passengers, especially if appropriate safety equipment is not fitted or used. The aim of this review is to focus on the diagnostic difficulties with which coroners and forensic pathologists have to cope when a confirmation of crush asphyxia after tractor side rollover is required by judicial authorities...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764298/index-ring-finger-ratio-hand-and-foot-index-gender-estimation-tools
#7
Sonia Gupta, Vineeta Gupta, Nutan Tyagi, Ettishree, Sinthia Bhagat, Mohit Dadu, Nishita Anthwal, Tahira Ashraf
INTRODUCTION: Gender estimation from dismembered human body parts and skeletal remains in cases of mass disasters, explosions, and assaults cases is an imperative element of any medico-legal investigations and has been a major challenge for forensic scientists. AIM: The aim of the present study was to estimate the gender by using index and ring finger length ratio, hand and foot index along with the correlation of both the hand and foot index to determine the vital role of all the indices in establishing gender identity...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764142/sex-determination-by-biometry-of-anterior-features-of-human-hip-bones-in-south-indian-population
#8
Sssn Rajasekhar, T K Vasudha, K Aravindhan
INTRODUCTION: Sex determination is the first step in establishing the identity of skeletal remains. Many studies included biometry of posterior features of hip bone. Very few studies are reported involving the biometry of anterior features of the hip bone. Anterior features of hip bone are important especially, if there is damage to the posterior features of hip bone in cases involving deliberate disfigurement of the body to resist identification of the crime in medicolegal cases. AIM: The present study was done to evaluate the effectiveness of anterior border parameters of the hip bone for prediction of sex using discriminant function analysis in South Indian population...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752507/intravenous-alteplase-for-acute-ischemic-stroke-in-taiwan-can-we-expand-the-national-health-insurance-s-reimbursement-criteria
#9
Cheng-Yang Hsieh
lization of intravenous thrombolysis with alteplase was very low in Taiwanese patients with acute ischemic stroke(1). One of the reasons is the strict reimbursement guideline made by the Bureau of National Health Insurance (NHI) in 2004(2). In this issue of the Acta Neurologica Taiwanica, Yu-Hsiang Su and co-authors(3) retrospectively evaluated outcomes of their thrombolysed stroke patients who were "mismatched" between updated clinical practice guideline and NHI reimbursement criteria. They concluded that the outcomes of patients treated according to guidelines were comparable between the reimbursement and non-reimbursement groups...
March 15, 2017: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752200/retrospective-analysis-of-769-cases-of-sudden-cardiac-death-from-2006-to-2015-a-forensic-experience-in-china
#10
Zijiao Ding, Mingzhen Yang, Yunyun Wang, Shifan Wu, Xingang Qiu, Qian Liu
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a major health challenge. The records of 769 autopsy cases of SCD examined at Tongji Medicolegal Expertise Center from January 2006 to December 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. The mean age of the cases was 46 years, excluding 27 victims in whom the exact age could not be confirmed. The highest incidence of SCD occurred among the 40- to 60-year-old group (45.0%). Male preponderance was observed in SCD cases (male: female ratio: 5.0:1), and this preponderance was even higher (8...
July 27, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748402/methodology-for-the-identification-of-vulnerable-asylum-seekers
#11
Sindi Visentin, Guido Pelletti, Thomas Bajanowski, Santo Davide Ferrara
Asylum seekers often experience situations of vulnerability, being frequently exposed to a heightened risk of harm, and thus require special care, support and protection. The categories of "vulnerable persons", identified by International Legislation, and an individual's classification as a "vulnerable asylum seeker", have important implications in the reception procedures, in the decision-making phase and in the definition of therapeutic needs and rehabilitation. The Istanbul Protocol, the first international guideline approved by the United Nations and applied in different contexts, is not applicable for the assessment of the totality of the conditions (medical and otherwise), and therefore, the identification and assessment of conditions of vulnerability is largely delegated to questionnaires administered by non-medical personnel...
July 26, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745206/sudden-unexplained-cardiac-deaths-in-young-adults-a-call-for-multidisciplinary-approach
#12
Bartosz Hudzik, Michal Hudzik, Andrzej Lekston, Mariusz Gasior
The investigation of death in young (<35 years), previously fit individuals, calls for a detailed autopsy with emphasis placed upon the examination of the heart. In most instances, the cause of cardiac death can be identified during autopsy. However, a large percentage of sudden deaths remain unexplained even after comprehensive medicolegal investigation, including autopsy, and are labelled as autopsy-negative sudden unexplained cardiac death (SUD). Still, when you look to the law, an autopsy, a much needed truth-finding-instrument, usually is not mandatory and is left up to the discretion of various medical or legal authorities, which when making a decision, balance various, often conflicting interests of the state and society on the one hand and of the deceased and his family on the other...
July 26, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742712/specialist-physicians-attitudes-and-practice-patterns-regarding-disclosure-of-pre-referral-medical-errors
#13
Lesly A Dossett, Rondi M Kauffmann, Jay S Lee, Harkamal Singh, M Catherine Lee, Arden M Morris, Reshma Jagsi, Gwendolyn P Quinn, Justin B Dimick
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine specialist physicians' attitudes and practices regarding disclosure of pre-referral errors. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Physicians are encouraged to disclose their own errors to patients. However, no clear professional norms exist regarding disclosure when physicians discover errors in diagnosis or treatment that occurred at other institutions before referral. METHODS: We conducted semistructured interviews of cancer specialists from 2 National Cancer Institute-designated Cancer Centers...
July 24, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731810/medicolegal-malpractice-and-ethical-issues-in-radiologyamended-versus-addended-versus-addendum-reports
#14
Leonard Berlin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731392/editorial-spine-professionals-must-critically-examine-the-impact-of-medicolegal-pressures-on-delivering-care
#15
Daniel M Sciubba
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731391/malpractice-litigation-following-spine-surgery
#16
Alan H Daniels, Roy Ruttiman, Adam E M Eltorai, J Mason DePasse, Bielinsky A Brea, Mark A Palumbo
OBJECTIVE Adverse events related to spine surgery sometimes lead to litigation. Few studies have evaluated the association between spine surgical complications and medical malpractice proceedings, outcomes, and awards. The aim of this study was to identify the most frequent causes of alleged malpractice in spine surgery and to gain insight into patient demographic and clinical characteristics associated with medical negligence litigation. METHODS A search for "spine surgery" spanning February 1988 to May 2015 was conducted utilizing the medicolegal research service VerdictSearch (ALM Media Properties, LLC)...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721119/educational-challenges-faced-by-international-medical-graduates-in-the-uk
#17
Ahmed Hashim
INTRODUCTION: International medical graduates (IMGs) in the UK constitute approximately one-quarter of the total number of doctors registered in the General Medical Council (GMC). The transition of IMGs into the health care system in the UK is accompanied by significant sociocultural and educational challenges. This study aims to explore the views of IMGs in medical training on the educational challenges they face. METHODS: This study was conducted in the Kent, Surrey and Sussex region in 2015...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710688/death-by-food
#18
Roger W Byard
Although death from food is not an uncommon finding in forensic facilities worldwide, the range of underlying lethal mechanisms and associated conditions that should be sought at the time of autopsy is quite disparate. Deaths may occur from i) infectious agents including bacteria, viruses, protozoa, cestodes, nematodes and prions; ii) natural toxins including amanita toxins, tetrodotoxin, ciguatera and scombroid; iii) anaphylaxis; iv) poisoning; v) mechanical issues around airway and gut obstruction and/or perforation; and vi) miscellaneous causes...
July 15, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705065/medicolegal-malpractice-and-ethical-issues-in-radiologyyou-re-sued-for-malpractice-will-your-malpractice-insurance-company-s-appointed-defense-attorney-defend-you-or-the-company
#19
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704795/endocan-concentrations-in-postmortem-serum-vitreous-humor-and-urine-in-victims-of-lethal-hypothermia
#20
Emilienne Descloux, Marc Augsburger, Grzegorz Teresiński, Petr Hejna, Eric Grouzmann, Maria Pia Scarpelli, Tania Hervet, Cristian Palmiere
Endocan is a soluble molecule secreted from vascular endothelial cells of various organs. Its exact function in humans remains to be elucidated, though it has been postulated that increased tissue expression or serum levels of this molecule may be an indicator of endothelial activation and neovascularization. In the realm of forensic pathology, studies pertaining to endothelial activation following exposure to cold exclusively focused on thrombomodulin, a transmembrane protein specific to endothelial cells...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
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