keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Medicolegal

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643398/multiple-symmetric-lipomatosis
#1
Samuel P Prahlow, Patrick Kosciuk, Joseph A Prahlow
A significant number of medicolegal deaths involve ethanol. Deaths may be related to the acute, intoxicating effects of ethanol, either in decedents or within persons responsible for causing the deaths of others. Additionally, deaths may be related to chronic alcoholism. A chronic alcoholic may display characteristic external features which allow an observer, such as a forensic pathologist or other physician, to conclude that he/she is probably an alcoholic. Herein, the authors report two decedents with a rare condition known as "multiple symmetric lipomatosis" (MSL), which has a strong correlation with chronic alcoholism...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639926/medicolegal-malpractice-and-ethical-issues-in-radiologyshould-ct-and-mri-scout-images-be-interpreted
#2
Leonard Berlin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631433/forensic-radiology-pitfalls-ct-imaging-in-gunshot-wounds-of-the-head
#3
Mark A Giffen, Jason A Powell, Jerri McLemore
Computed tomography (CT) imaging is increasingly used in emergency departments and trauma services and is being offered as a supplemental tool with autopsy in coroner's and medical examiner's offices throughout the United States. The availability of CT images in lieu of traditional X-rays for medicolegal autopsies may lead to misinterpretation of images for forensic pathologists who are not familiar with these types of images. Forensic pathologists must become familiar with CT imaging, the basis of CT image formation and how to interpret CT images appropriately...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629958/the-provision-of-prescription-only-medicines-for-use-on-uk-based-overseas-expeditions
#4
James K Moore, Matthew Ladbrook, Larry Goodyer, Jon Dallimore
Expedition teams without accompanying medical professionals traveling overseas from the UK frequently carry medical kits containing prescription-only medicines (POMs). Access to safe, basic POMs whilst on expedition is important, as the quality and availability of medicines in-country may not be acceptable, and delay in treatment may be hazardous. At present, there is no published guidance relating to drug acquisition and administration in these situations. In the UK, a number of different practices are currently in use, with uncertainty and medicolegal concerns currently hampering safe and efficient provision of POMs on overseas expeditions...
June 16, 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616104/medicolegal-basics-and-update-on-transvaginal-mesh-in-canada
#5
REVIEW
Brock Hengel, Blayne Welk, Richard J Baverstock
In recent years, midurethral slings (MUS) and transvaginal mesh procedures have experienced blazing growth and popularity. However, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and Health Canada regulatory advisories threw water on that fire and created a confusing environment surrounding their continued usage. MUS usage has continued in Canada and transvaginal mesh kits for pelvic organ prolapse have become a rarity. Several large organizations (the Society of Urodynamics, Female Pelvic Medicine and Urogenital Reconstruction [SUFU], the American Urogynecologic Society [AUGS], and the Canadian Urological Association [CUA]) have developed "mesh statements" to clarify the issues surrounding mesh for patients and medical professionals; however, often the legal system sees things differently in either individual cases or class action lawsuits...
June 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604832/insects-and-associated-arthropods-analyzed-during-medicolegal-death-investigations-in-harris-county-texas-usa-january-2013-april-2016
#6
Michelle R Sanford
The application of insect and arthropod information to medicolegal death investigations is one of the more exacting applications of entomology. Historically limited to homicide investigations, the integration of full time forensic entomology services to the medical examiner's office in Harris County has opened up the opportunity to apply entomology to a wide variety of manner of death classifications and types of scenes to make observations on a number of different geographical and species-level trends in Harris County, Texas, USA...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597933/death-due-to-a-rare-complication-of-colonoscopy-and-the-potential-medicolegal-implications
#7
Katrina Thompson, Michael A Stier
A 64-year-old woman was found dead at home after undergoing a screening colonoscopy. At autopsy, 1.9 L of blood was discovered within her abdominal cavity. The only major abnormality was nontraumatic avulsion of the splenic capsule. This was the only identifiable abnormality capable of causing the severe hemoperitoneum and demise of the patient. Although rare, splenic capsule avulsion is a recognized complication of colonoscopy. Many have theorized that it results from excessive traction on the splenocolic ligament resulting in a tear of the splenic capsule...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597148/medicolegal-sidebar-resident-physician-liability
#8
Wendy Z W Teo, Lawrence H Brenner, B Sonny Bal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 8, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592376/post-operative-fatal-blood-aspiration-after-routine-lung-surgery
#9
Stefanie Plenzig, Mauricio Soriano, Hannelore Held, Marcel A Verhoff
A routine question encountered in medicolegal practice is whether the death of a patient in proximity to a surgical procedure is due to medical malpractice. The case of a 62-year-old man who died two weeks after undergoing a VATS sleeve resection of the upper right lung lobe in conjunction with radical lymphadenectomy, a routine surgical procedure, is reported. To address the issue of medical malpractice, a forensic autopsy was ordered by the investigative authority. During the autopsy, the lungs were removed as a whole and fixed in formalin and were later dissected in cooperation with a thoracic surgeon...
May 26, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591770/inferolateral-early-repolarization-among-non-ischaemic-sudden-cardiac-death-victims
#10
Lauri T A Holmström, Mira A Haukilahti, Jani T Tikkanen, Aapo L Aro, Tuomas V Kenttä, Marja-Leena Kortelainen, Heikki V Huikuri, Matti J Junttila
Aim: Inferolateral early repolarization (ER) has been associated with an increased risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD). However, this association is thought to be mainly due to ischaemic SCD. The association of ER and non-ischaemic SCD has not been studied. The aim was to evaluate whether inferolateral ER is associated with non-ischaemic SCD. Methods and results: Study population consists of 275 consecutive victims of non-ischaemic SCD with 12-lead ECG and control group of general population cohort with 10 864 subjects...
June 7, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566988/the-impact-of-order-source-misattribution-on-computerized-provider-order-entry-cpoe-performance-metrics
#11
George A Gellert, Linda Catzoela, Lajja Patel, Kylynn Bruner, Felix Friedman, Ricardo Ramirez, Lilliana Saucedo, S Luke Webster, John A Gillean
BACKGROUND: One strategy to foster adoption of computerized provider order entry (CPOE) by physicians is the monthly distribution of a list identifying the number and use rate percentage of orders entered electronically versus on paper by each physician in the facility. Physicians care about CPOE use rate reports because they support the patient safety and quality improvement objectives of CPOE implementation. Certain physician groups are also motivated because they participate in contracted financial and performance arrangements that include incentive payments or financial penalties for meeting (or failing to meet) a specified CPOE use rate target...
2017: Perspectives in Health Information Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559226/physician-s-perceptions-of-telemedicine-in-hiv-care-provision-a-cross-sectional-web-based-survey
#12
Kelly Anderson, Troy Francis, Francisco Ibanez-Carrasco, Jason Globerman
BACKGROUND: Telemedicine, or electronic interactive health care consultation, offers a variety of benefits to both patients and primary care clinicians. However, little is known about the opinions of physicians using these modalities. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine physician perceptions, including challenges, risks, and benefits of the use of telemedicine in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patient care. METHODS: A Web-based, self-administered, anonymous, cross-sectional survey was sent to physicians known to be providing medical care to patients living with HIV in Ontario, Canada...
May 30, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559033/refusal-of-emergency-medical-treatment-case-studies-and-ethical-foundations
#13
Catherine A Marco, Jay M Brenner, Chadd K Kraus, Norine A McGrath, Arthur R Derse
Informed consent is an important component of emergency medical treatment. Most emergency department patients can provide informed consent for treatment upon arrival. Informed consent should also be obtained for emergency medical interventions that may entail significant risk. A related concept to informed consent is informed refusal of treatment. Patients may refuse emergency medical treatment during their evaluation and treatment. This article addresses important considerations for patients who refuse treatment, including case studies and discussion of definitions, epidemiology, assessment of decisional capacity, information delivery, medicolegal considerations, and alternative care plans...
May 27, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549980/trends-in-malpractice-claims-for-obstetric-and-gynecologic-procedures-2005-through-2014
#14
Laura M Glaser, Farah A Alvi, Magdy P Milad
BACKGROUND: Interest in medical malpractice and areas of medicolegal vulnerability for practicing obstetricians and gynecologists has grown substantially, and many providers report changing surgical practice out of fear of litigation. Furthermore, education on medical malpractice and risk management is lacking for obstetrics and gynecology trainees. Recent obstetric and gynecologic malpractice claims data are lacking. We report on recent trends in malpractice claims for obstetrics and gynecology procedures, and compare these trends to those of other medical specialties...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548003/medicolegal-cases-involving-periviable-births-from-a-major-united-states-legal-database
#15
Hemananda Muniraman, Miranda Cascione, Rangasamy Ramanathan, Jimmy Nguyen
OBJECTIVE: The management of expectant mothers and infants born at the threshold of viability is challenging. We describe medicolegal cases from a major United States legal database involving periviable births in an effort to identify areas for improvement. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective review of all United States state and federal cases in the Westlaw database from 1980 through 2016 involving peripartum and immediate post-delivery management of infants born between 22 0/7 and 25 6/7 weeks' gestation...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536683/disseminated-invasive-aspergillosis-in-a-prolonged-stay-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#16
Gajender Singh, Sonu Kalyan, Sant Prakash Kataria, Jyoti Sharma, Padam Parmar, Meenu Gilotra, Rajeev Sen
Aspergillus is a common cause of invasive mycosis, especially in immunocompromised individuals. We report the case of a 62-year-old male who was hospitalized after suffering severe physical injuries and died after few weeks of hospitalization. A medicolegal autopsy was conducted, and various organs were sent for histopathological examination of which heart, lungs, and kidneys showed extensive involvement by aspergillus. Thus, a diagnosis of disseminated invasive aspergillosis was made on autopsy, which itself is a rare entity...
January 2017: Autopsy & case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536038/a-review-of-the-evidence-for-threshold-of-burn-injury
#17
REVIEW
N A Martin, S Falder
INTRODUCTION: Burn injury is common and depth is one measure of severity. Although the depth of burn injury is determined by many factors, the relationship between the temperature of the injurious agent and exposure duration, known as the time-temperature relationship, is widely accepted as one of the cornerstones of burn research. Moritz and Henriques first proposed this relationship in 1947 and their seminal work has been cited extensively. However, over the years, readers have misinterpreted their findings and incorporated misleading information about the time-temperature relationship into a wide range of industrial standards, burn prevention literature and medicolegal opinion...
May 20, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527385/pharmacokinetic-analyses-using-absorption-kinetics-in-low-alcohol-dose-cases-of-drunken-driving
#18
Ayako Himemiya-Hakucho, Tatsuya Fujimiya
In Japan, low-alcohol dose cases of drunken driving, where drivers drink just before getting behind the wheel, are increasing for expert witnesses since the penalties for drunken driving have become stricter. Widmark's equation has generally been used for the pharmacokinetic analysis of blood alcohol concentration, which encompasses the one-compartment model with zero-order elimination kinetics but ignores absorption kinetics. We therefore propose that the formula might not be applicable to the analysis of low-alcohol dose cases of drunken driving because the issue is focused on the absorption phase...
May 5, 2017: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526400/surgeons-opinions-of-legal-practice-in-bile-duct-injury-following-cholecystectomy
#19
Alex Gordon-Weeks, Harsh Samarendra, John de Bono, Zahir Soonawalla, Michael Silva
INTRODUCTION: Litigation for bile duct injury following laparoscopic cholecystectomy places financial strain on the health service, causes significant patient morbidity and adversely affects the patient and surgeon. Claimants argue that the injury itself is evidence of negligence. METHODS: A questionnaire addressing views on BDI causation was sent to members of AUGIS working in the National Health Service, UK. Response themes and responses were compared between groups of surgeons...
May 17, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504029/obstetric-brachial-plexus-palsy-a-population-based-retrospective-case-control-study-and-medicolegal-considerations
#20
Simona Zaami, Francesco Paolo Busardò, Fabrizio Signore, Nicola Felici, Vito Briganti, Giovanni Baglio, Enrico Marinelli, Vittorio Fineschi
AIMS: The aim of this study was to examine 24 cases of obstetric brachial plexus palsy (OBPP) in 41,002 deliveries occurred at San Camillo-Forlanini Hospital in Rome, during the period 2000-2012. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A population-based retrospective case-control study was designed and the database of the hospital was searched; for each case, maternal and fetal records were examined and some risk factors were evaluated. RESULTS: A statistically significant association between the 24 cases OBPP and the following risk factors: primiparity (p < ...
May 14, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
keyword
keyword
2196
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"