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Interoperability

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334348/assessing-the-readiness-of-precision-medicine-interoperabilty-an-exploratory-study-of-the-national-institutes-of-health-genetic-testing-registry
#1
Jay G Ronquillo, Chunhua Weng, William T Lester
BACKGROUND:   Precision medicine involves three major innovations currently taking place in healthcare:  electronic health records, genomics, and big data.  A major challenge for healthcare providers, however, is understanding the readiness for practical application of initiatives like precision medicine. OBJECTIVE:   To better understand the current state and challenges of precision medicine interoperability using a national genetic testing registry as a starting point, placed in the context of established interoperability formats...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329592/the-extensible-ontology-development-xod-principles-and-tool-implementation-to-support-ontology-interoperability
#2
REVIEW
Yongqun He, Zuoshuang Xiang, Jie Zheng, Yu Lin, James A Overton, Edison Ong
Ontologies are critical to data/metadata and knowledge standardization, sharing, and analysis. With hundreds of biological and biomedical ontologies developed, it has become critical to ensure ontology interoperability and the usage of interoperable ontologies for standardized data representation and integration. The suite of web-based Ontoanimal tools (e.g., Ontofox, Ontorat, and Ontobee) support different aspects of extensible ontology development. By summarizing the common features of Ontoanimal and other similar tools, we identified and proposed an "eXtensible Ontology Development" (XOD) strategy and its associated four principles...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Semantics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327339/electronic-registry-for-the-management-of-childhood-obesity-in-greece
#3
Penio Kassari, Panagiotis Papaioannou, Antonis Billiris, Haralampos Karanikas, Stergiani Eleftheriou, Eleftherios Thireos, Yannis Manios, George P Chrousos, Evangelia Charmandari
BACKGROUND: Obesity in childhood and adolescence represents a major health problem in our century. In Greece, more than 30-35% of children and adolescents are either overweight or obese. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using information and communication technologies, we developed a "National Registry for the Prevention and Management of Overweight and Obesity in Childhood and Adolescence" for guidance and training of Pediatricians and General Practitioners. The application supports interoperability with other national infrastructures and multi-layered security spanning preventive, detective and administrative controls...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322915/comparison-alignment-and-synchronization-of-cell-line-information-between-clo-and-efo
#4
Edison Ong, Sirarat Sarntivijai, Simon Jupp, Helen Parkinson, Yongqun He
BACKGROUND: The Experimental Factor Ontology (EFO) is an application ontology driven by experimental variables including cell lines to organize and describe the diverse experimental variables and data resided in the EMBL-EBI resources. The Cell Line Ontology (CLO) is an OBO community-based ontology that contains information of immortalized cell lines and relevant experimental components. EFO integrates and extends ontologies from the bio-ontology community to drive a number of practical applications...
December 21, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316968/improving-the-interoperability-of-biomedical-ontologies-with-compound-alignments
#5
Daniela Oliveira, Catia Pesquita
BACKGROUND: Ontologies are commonly used to annotate and help process life sciences data. Although their original goal is to facilitate integration and interoperability among heterogeneous data sources, when these sources are annotated with distinct ontologies, bridging this gap can be challenging. In the last decade, ontology matching systems have been evolving and are now capable of producing high-quality mappings for life sciences ontologies, usually limited to the equivalence between two ontologies...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Semantics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313756/data-needs-for-a-serious-illness-care-accountability-system-a-framework-and-recommendations
#6
Tom Valuck, Russ Montgomery
BACKGROUND: Successful implementation of a comprehensive accountability system for community-based serious illness care will require a robust data infrastructure. Data will be needed to support care delivery, quality measurement, value-based payment, and evaluation and monitoring. OBJECTIVE: The specific data needs in these areas need to be identified and understood, so that gaps in currently available data may be addressed. DESIGN: We developed a framework that includes the needed data and data infrastructure to support the features and characteristics of a serious illness care accountability system...
March 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313497/digital-health-and-the-need-to-develop-centers-of-expertise-in-sub-saharan-africa%C3%A2-two-examples-in-mali-and-cameroon
#7
C-O Bagayoko, G Bediang, A Anne, M Niang, A-K Traoré, A Geissbuhler
It is generally agreed today that digital technology provides a lever for improving access to health care, care processes, and public health planning and activities such as education and prevention. Its use in countries that have reached a given level of development has taken place in a somewhat fragmented manner that raises important interoperability problems and sometimes makes synergy impossible between the different projects of digital health. This may be linked to several factors, principally the lack of a global vision of digital health, and inadequate methodological knowledge that prevents the development and implementation of this vision...
November 1, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313495/digital-health-in-francophone-sub-saharan-africa-catching-up
#8
P Lepère, B Tchounga, D-K Ekouevi
Digital health has the potential to strengthen health systems and empower patients to prevent ill health and manage their own care. To confirm this potential, however, it is urgent to shift from pilot studies to the implementation of programs at a sufficient scale, with interoperable solutions and integrated into the national health system, while respecting human rights. It is also important to plan for studies to demonstrate the impact and produce the necessary evidence. Francophone sub-Saharan Africa can catch up in this area...
November 1, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301149/-barriers-to-digitalisation-of-healthcare-in-germany-a-survey-of-experts
#9
Pascal Nohl-Deryk, Jesaja Kenneth Brinkmann, Ferdinand Michael Gerlach, Jonas Schreyögg, Dmitrij Achelrod
BACKGROUND: Digital health is a growing area in healthcare with a huge potential. Nevertheless, the degree of digitalization in German healthcare is low when compared internationally and with other German industries. Despite political efforts, certain barriers seem to strongly impede the process of digitalization process in healthcare. METHOD: We surveyed 18 representative healthcare experts from various sectors with semi-structured interviews on barriers and solutions for digital health...
January 4, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284701/more-than-bar-codes-integrating-global-standards-based-bar-code-technology-into-national-health-information-systems-in-ethiopia-and-pakistan-to-increase-end-to-end-supply-chain-visibility
#10
Liuichi Hara, Ramy Guirguis, Keith Hummel, Monica Villanueva
The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) DELIVER PROJECT work together to strengthen public health commodity supply chains by standardizing bar coding under a single set of global standards. From 2015, UNFPA and USAID collaborated to pilot test how tracking and tracing of bar coded health products could be operationalized in the public health supply chains of Ethiopia and Pakistan and inform the ecosystem needed to begin full implementation...
December 28, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246790/clinical-decision-support-models-and-frameworks-seeking-to-address-research-issues-underlying-implementation-successes-and-failures
#11
Robert A Greenes, David W Bates, Kensaku Kawamoto, Blackford Middleton, Jerome Osheroff, Yuval Shahar
Computer-based clinical decision support (CDS) has been pursued for more than five decades. Despite notable accomplishments and successes, wide adoption and broad use of CDS in clinical practice has not been achieved. Many issues have been identified as being partially responsible for the relatively slow adoption and lack of impact, including deficiencies in leadership, recognition of purpose, understanding of human interaction and workflow implications of CDS, cognitive models of the role of CDS, and proprietary implementations with limited interoperability and sharing...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244732/middleware-for-plug-and-play-integration-of-heterogeneous-sensor-resources-into-the-sensor-web
#12
Enoc Martínez, Daniel M Toma, Simon Jirka, Joaquín Del Río
The study of global phenomena requires the combination of a considerable amount of data coming from different sources, acquired by different observation platforms and managed by institutions working in different scientific fields. Merging this data to provide extensive and complete data sets to monitor the long-term, global changes of our oceans is a major challenge. The data acquisition and data archival procedures usually vary significantly depending on the acquisition platform. This lack of standardization ultimately leads to information silos, preventing the data to be effectively shared across different scientific communities...
December 15, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241438/realizing-e-prescribing-s-potential-to-reduce-outpatient-psychiatric-medication-errors
#13
Matthew E Hirschtritt, Steven Chan, Wilson O Ly
Preliminary evidence from observational and cohort studies suggests that replacement of paper- and phone-based medication prescriptions with electronic prescribing systems in ambulatory settings is associated with decreased medication errors. However, problems from traditional prescribing also occur with e-prescribing (such as incorrect medication dose and instructions or wrong patient), as do some new problems (a confusing user interface leading to prescribing the wrong medication). The authors present four steps for reducing medication errors in outpatient psychiatric settings: continuing to implement e-prescribing, streamlining user interfaces, improving interoperability among various e-prescribing and retail pharmacy systems, and using education and advocacy to achieve these goals...
December 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236679/assessing-public-metabolomics-metadata-towards-improving-quality
#14
João D Ferreira, Bruno Inácio, Reza M Salek, Francisco M Couto
Public resources need to be appropriately annotated with metadata in order to make them discoverable, reproducible and traceable, further enabling them to be interoperable or integrated with other datasets. While data-sharing policies exist to promote the annotation process by data owners, these guidelines are still largely ignored. In this manuscript, we analyse automatic measures of metadata quality, and suggest their application as a mean to encourage data owners to increase the metadata quality of their resources and submissions, thereby contributing to higher quality data, improved data sharing, and the overall accountability of scientific publications...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Integrative Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227421/an-assessment-of-information-exchange-practices-challenges-and-opportunities-to-support-us-disease-surveillance-in-3-states
#15
Macarena C Garcia, Nedra Y Garrett, Vivian Singletary, Sheereen Brown, Tamara Hennessy-Burt, Gillian Haney, Kimberly Link, Jennifer Tripp, William R Mac Kenzie, Paula Yoon
BACKGROUND: State and local public health agencies collect and use surveillance data to identify outbreaks, track cases, investigate causes, and implement measures to protect the public-s health through various surveillance systems and data exchange practices. PURPOSE: The purpose of this assessment was to better understand current practices at state and local public health agencies for collecting, managing, processing, reporting, and exchanging notifiable disease surveillance information...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218888/identifying-natural-health-product-and-dietary-supplement-information-within-adverse-event-reporting-systems
#16
Vivekanand Sharma, Indra Neil Sarkar
Data on safety and efficacy issues associated with natural health products and dietary supplements (NHP&S) remains largely cloistered within domain specific databases or embedded within general biomedical data sources. A major challenge in leveraging analytic approaches on such data is due to the inefficient ability to retrieve relevant data, which includes a general lack of interoperability among related sources. This study developed a thesaurus of NHP&S ingredient terms that can be used by existing biomedical natural language processing (NLP) tools for extracting information of interest...
2018: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214571/preparing-data-at-the-source-to-foster-interoperability-across-rare-disease-resources
#17
Marco Roos, Estrella López Martin, Mark D Wilkinson
The ability to combine heterogeneous data distributed across the globe is critically important to boost research on rare diseases, but it presents a number of methodological, representational and automation challenges. In this scenario, biomedical ontologies are of critical importance for enabling computers to aid in information retrieval and analysis across data collections.This chapter presents an approach to preparing rare disease data for integration through the application of a global standard for computer-readable data and knowledge...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214569/rare-disease-biospecimens-and-patient-registries-interoperability-for-research-promotion-a-european-example-eurobiobank-and-spainrdr-bioner
#18
Yaffa R Rubinstein, Manuel Posada de la Paz, Marina Mora
Well-annotated and properly preserved specimens are crucial both for diagnostic purposes and for use in basic and pre-clinical research, and are especially important for rare disease (RD) studies. Several consortia have been established in the recent years in order to facilitate research and to maximise access to rare biological samples and data stored in rare disease biobanks and registries, among them the EuroBioBank network and the Spain National Rare Disease Registry (RDR) and Biobank (BioNER).EuroBioBank, established in 2001, was the first network of RD biobanks to operate in Europe as a service distributing human DNA, cells, and tissue to the scientific community conducting research on rare diseases...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204467/home-energy-management-hem-database-a-list-with-coded-attributes-of-308-devices-commercially-available-in-the-us
#19
Marco Pritoni, Rebecca Ford, Beth Karlin, Angela Sanguinetti
Policymakers worldwide are currently discussing whether to include home energy management (HEM) products in their portfolio of technologies to reduce carbon emissions and improve grid reliability. However, very little data is available about these products. Here we present the results of an extensive review including 308 HEM products available on the US market in 2015-2016. We gathered these data from publicly available sources such as vendor websites, online marketplaces and other vendor documents. A coding guide was developed iteratively during the data collection and utilized to classify the devices...
February 2018: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202818/the-development-of-a-nursing-subset-of-patient-problems-to-support-interoperability
#20
R A M M Kieft, E M Vreeke, E M de Groot, P A Volkert, A L Francke, D M J Delnoij
BACKGROUND: Since the emergence of electronic health records, nursing information is increasingly being recorded and stored digitally. Several studies have shown that a wide range of nursing information is not interoperable and cannot be re-used in different health contexts. Difficulties arise when nurses share information with others involved in the delivery of nursing care. The aim of this study is to develop a nursing subset of patient problems that are prevalent in nursing practice, based on the SNOMED CT terminology to assist in the exchange and comparability of nursing information...
December 4, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
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