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Oral and maxillofacial surgery and medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174361/prevalence-and-pattern-of-mandibular-third-molar-impaction-in-eritrean-population-a-retrospective-study
#1
V Raj Kumar, Priya Yadav, Efrem Kahsu, Farhana Girkar, Rajnish Chakraborty
INTRODUCTION: The most commonly impacted tooth in the oral cavity is the mandibular third molar. Various etiologic factors have been suggested for impacted mandibular third molars. The pattern and prevalence of impacted mandibular third molars vary with different population and region. This study throws light on the prevalence and pattern of impacted mandibular third molars in Eritrea, East Africa. This is the first reported study regarding the same from Eritrea. AIM: To assess the prevalence and pattern of impacted mandibu-lar third molars in the population of Eritrea, East Africa by conducting a retrospective study from January 2009 to January 2014...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063275/a-survey-of-sleep-medicine-physician-perceptions-on-the-surgical-treatment-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#2
Jonathan J Swope, Marcus A Couey, James W Wilson, Jonathon S Jundt
PURPOSE: Surgical treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) varies by specialty. Our survey sought to answer 3 principal questions: 1) To which surgical specialists are sleep physicians referring patients for upper airway surgery? 2) Which surgical treatment do sleep specialists find to be most effective in treating OSA? 3) Do sleep medicine physicians believe that maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) is worthwhile to patients who are surgical candidates? MATERIALS AND METHODS: We formulated a cross-sectional survey...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051764/the-use-of-fibrin-sealant-during-non-emergency-surgery-a-systematic-review-of-evidence-of-benefits-and-harms
#3
Steven J Edwards, Fay Crawford, Michelle Helena van Velthoven, Andrea Berardi, George Osei-Assibey, Mariana Bacelar, Fatima Salih, Victoria Wakefield
BACKGROUND: Fibrin sealants are used in different types of surgery to prevent the accumulation of post-operative fluid (seroma) or blood (haematoma) or to arrest haemorrhage (bleeding). However, there is uncertainty around the benefits and harms of fibrin sealant use. OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the evidence on the benefits and harms of fibrin sealants in non-emergency surgery in adults. DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases [MEDLINE, EMBASE and The Cochrane Library (including the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, the Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects, the Health Technology Assessment database and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials)] were searched from inception to May 2015...
December 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042430/experimental-protocol-of-dental-procedures-in-patients-with-hereditary-angioedema-the-role-of-anxiety-and-the-use-of-nitrogen-oxide
#4
A Rosa, M Miranda, R Franco, M G Guarino, A Barlattani, P Bollero
Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is a rare disease, little known to the medical and dental community, but with a growing rate of hospitalization over the years. HAE is due to a deficit/dysfunction of C1 esterase inhibitor which leads to an increase in vascular permeability and the appearance of edemas widespread in all body areas. The airways are the most affected and laryngeal swelling, which can occur, it is dangerous for the patient's life, is also a sensitive spot in our daily practice, therefore, it is also important to be aware of all the signs of this disease...
April 2016: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980337/continuous-cooling-mask-devices-reduce-patient-discomfort-and-postoperative-pain-and-swelling-in-patients-undergoing-orofacial-surgery
#5
Analia Veitz-Keenan
Data sourcesThe resources searched included: Medline, PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, CAB Abstracts, the Cochrane Library and Google Scholar. The PRISMA guidelines for reporting systematic reviews were followed. Study selection was limited to the English language. Hand searching for additional references was performed. An intensive search was conducted for published articles describing the use of hilotherapy following oral and maxillofacial surgery.Study selectionInclusion criteria involved patients using hilotherapy after oral and maxillofacial surgery...
December 2016: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914724/medical-students-understanding-of-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-an-irish-perspective
#6
P G C Kielty, B R O'Connor, C J Cotter, A M C Goodson, K F B Payne, A Tahim
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (OMFS) remains an enigmatic specialty in Irish medicine and many students are unaware of its scope and the unique career pathway involved. We performed a multicentre cross-sectional study to identify their ability to identify the requirements for entry to specialty training year 3 (ST3) in OMFS, to assess their awareness of OMFS surgeons, and their general awareness of, and exposure to, the specialty. Data were collected through an electronic questionnaire. Participants were asked to select the most suitable surgical specialty to treat a number of common conditions in the head and neck, and to choose the requirements they deemed essential for specialist training...
November 30, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857530/aspects-from-the-biography-of-professor-cornel-tiberiu-opri%C3%A5-the-beginnings
#7
Alexandru Rotaru
Professor Cornel Tiberiu Opriş was the founder of the clinic for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, and also the first to teach this specialty in Cluj-Napoca in the first half of the twentieth century. Earlier in his profession, Dr. Cornel Opriş went from research into human physiology to practical activity in the field of surgery, to which he was more attracted. He was active both in research and Oral and Maxillofacial plastic surgery, facing unfavorable material and social conditions, exacerbated by the circumstances of war and the relocation of the Faculty of Medicine to Sibiu...
2016: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659872/what-causes-trainees-to-leave-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-a-questionnaire-survey
#8
C Herbert, S Kent, P Magennis, J Cleland
Understanding what causes trainees to leave OMFS is essential if we are to retain them within the specialty. Although these factors have been defined for medicine, we know of no previous study for OMFS. An online survey was distributed to roughly 1500 people who had registered an interest in OMFS during the past seven years. Personal information and details of education and employment were gathered along with personal factors that attracted them to OMFS. Of 251 trainees who responded, 50 (30%) were no longer interested...
January 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638194/what-attracts-people-to-a-career-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-a-questionnaire-survey
#9
S Kent, C Herbert, P Magennis, J Cleland
A key aspect of recruiting and retaining the best trainees is identification of the factors that attracted them to OMFS. Although such factors have been examined for medicine in general, we know of no previous study that has looked at those that are specific to OMFS. We distributed a survey online to roughly 1500 people who had registered an interest in OMFS over the past seven years. Personal data, and those about education and employment, were recorded, together with particular factors that drew them to OMFS...
January 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27485511/gingival-hyperplasia-as-first-sign-of-recurrence-of-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-wegener-s-granulomatosis-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Marcel Hanisch, Leopold F Fröhlich, Johannes Kleinheinz
BACKGROUND: Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), formerly referred to as Wegener's granulomatosis, is a rare systemic disease of unknown etiology which can affect all areas of the body, including the oral cavity. The typical oral manifestations occur as nonspecific erosive/ulcerative lesions of the oral cavity or appear with hyperplastic gingivitis, a so called "strawberry gingivitis". CASE PRESENTATION: We report here about an extremely rare case with hyperplastic gingivitis as the first sign of recurrence of GPA in the absence of oral manifestations in the primary disease...
2016: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27438443/an-investigation-into-the-disease-profile-and-healthcare-costs-of-inpatients-treated-at-a-major-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgical-center
#11
Yue Yang, Yi Zhang, Peijun Li, Ying Jiang, Guoyong Yang
OBJECTIVE: This study is a retrospective review which reported on the treatment records of oral and maxillofacial inpatients treated at a medical institution with the largest scale of oral and maxillofacial specialist services in China, to reflect on disease profile, healthcare model characteristics and the medical status of oral and maxillofacial surgery in China. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Information on 25,825 patients hospitalized between 2008 and 2013 was collected to analyze the mean length of stay (LOS) and preoperative LOS, expenditure patterns, and payment status...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27430038/-an-infected-necrosis-of-the-chin
#12
B S Muller, H F van Goor, A J W P Rosenberg
A 51-year-old man was referred by his dentist to a maxillofacial surgeon with complaints of illness and pain in the mandible, associated with a rapidly expanding area of black gingiva and mucosa surrounding the lower front teeth. Clinically and radiographically there was evidence of an infected necrosis of the chin and floor of mouth. Following debridement at the operating room, the patient was treated at the intensive care unit for septic shock leading to prolonged hospitalisation. Investigation of the bone marrow did not provide an explanation for pancytopenia or the severity of the illness...
July 2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27277190/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-differentiation-of-progenitor-stem-cells-obtained-after-mechanical-digestion-of-human-dental-pulp
#13
Manuela Monti, Antonio Graziano, Silvana Rizzo, Cesare Perotti, Claudia Del Fante, Riccardo d'Aquino, CarloAlberto Redi, Ruggero Rodriguez Y Baena
Human population is facing a revolutionary change in the demographic structure with an increasing number of elderly people requiring an unmet need to ensure a smooth aging process and dental care is certainly an important aspect that has to be considered. To date, dentistry has been conservative and the need of transferring the scientific models of regenerative dentistry into clinical practice is becoming a necessity. The aim of this study was to characterize the differentiation commitment (in vitro) and the clinical grafting ability (in vivo) of a population of progenitor stem cells obtained after mechanical digestion of dental pulp with an innovative system recently developed...
June 9, 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27162746/dracunculiasis-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery
#14
REVIEW
Soung Min Kim
Dracunculiasis, otherwise known as guinea worm disease (GWD), is caused by infection with the nematode Dracunculus medinensis. This nematode is transmitted to humans exclusively via contaminated drinking water. The transmitting vectors are Cyclops copepods (water fleas), which are tiny free-swimming crustaceans usually found abundantly in freshwater ponds. Humans can acquire GWD by drinking water that contains vectors infected with guinea worm larvae. This disease is prevalent in some of the most deprived areas of the world, and no vaccine or medicine is currently available...
April 2016: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27025233/quality-improvement-where-do-we-stand
#15
EDITORIAL
Ben Green, Ben M Janaway, Peter A Brennan
Improvements in quality are commonly used to measure outcome in modern medicine. The drive to improve services nationally and to reduce the financial burden, which is at the forefront of NHS policy, attracts political debate and is constantly the focus of media attention. However, before this can be done in surgery, we need to learn from ongoing work and recognised systems for quality review and implementation, and develop national processes for sustained improvement. As a specialty, Oral and maxillofacial surgery is a good example...
July 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27001780/intra-arterial-infusions-and-doplerograpic-control-for-complex-treatment-of-upper-and-middle-facial-zones-concomitant-with-traumatic-craniocerebral-injuries
#16
G Lagvilava, Z Gvenetadze, E Gibradze, T Danelia, G Gvenetadze
Maxillofacial traumatic injuries concomitant with craniocerebral trauma are still considered as an actual problem in emergency medicine. For this category of patients one of the dangerous and severe complications is development of inflammatory process in the injured areas. Fracture lines of upper and middle facial zones pass through the accessory sinuses of the nose, maxillary/upper dental arch area and are considered to be open and infected fractures. Combination of these fractures with craniocerebral injuries and especially, with open traumas creates predisposition for development of inflammatory processes in CNS that can result in heavy outcome...
February 2016: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26941893/italian-recommendations-on-dental-support-in-the-treatment-of-adult-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-osas
#17
REVIEW
Luca Levrini, Franco Sacchi, Francesca Milano, Antonella Polimeni, Paolo Cozza, Edoardo Bernkopf, Marzia Segù, Marco Zucconi, Claudio Vicini, Enrico Brunello
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present article is to present a set of proposed clinical recommendations aimed at Italian dentists involved in the management of patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome or snoring. METHODS: With the purpose of creating a study group, some of the most important Italian scientific societies operating in fields relevant to the issue of sleep medicine in dentistry were asked to appoint a representative. Each member of the study group was required to answer questions regarding the clinical management of OSAS and snoring...
July 2015: Annali di Stomatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26858474/the-dental-specialties-related-articles-published-in-medical-journal-armed-forces-india-from-2000-to-2014-over-a-15-year-period
#18
Thorakkal Shamim
There is a paucity of information about the dental specialties related articles published in the Medical Journal Armed Forces India (MJAFI). This study aimed to audit the dental specialities related articles published in MJAFI from 2000 to 2014 over a 15-year period. Bibliometric analysis of sixty issues of MJAFI from 2000 to 2014 were performed using web-based search. The articles published were analyzed for type of article and topic of individual dental specialities. The articles published were also evaluated to identify whether the study was an Armed Forces Medical Research Committee Project or funded research project or not...
December 2015: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26678716/-in-process-citation
#19
Vedat Yildirim, Heinz-Theo Lübbers, Ayhan Yildirim
Since the 1950s, oxidised regenerate cellulose (TABOTAMP ®) has been successfully applied for local haemostasis in intra- or postoperative bleeding complications. The scope of this medical product is large and it has found its place in oral and maxillofacial surgery. Although the application of TABOTAMP ® in medicine and dentistry is common, further complications next to the absence of the haemostatic effect may be encountered if used incorrectly. The aim of this article is an update on the proper use of TABOTAMP ®...
2015: Swiss Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26644837/rapid-prototyping-modelling-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-a-two-year-retrospective-study
#20
Anni Suomalainen, Patricia Stoor, Karri Mesimäki, Risto K Kontio
BACKGROUND: The use of rapid prototyping (RP) models in medicine to construct bony models is increasing. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The aim of the study was to evaluate retrospectively the indication for the use of RP models in oral and maxillofacial surgery at Helsinki University Central Hospital during 2009-2010. Also, the used computed tomography (CT) examination - multislice CT (MSCT) or cone beam CT (CBCT) - method was evaluated. RESULTS: In total 114 RP models were fabricated for 102 patients...
December 2015: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
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